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g Proj: Admin
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Tel:d Date: 14/08/17
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RSJ section runway beam check

Calculations in accordance with BS2853:1957. Note that stresses quoted are in N/mm2 with Imperial values shown in
brackets in tonf/in2

Length = 2500 mm
Beam support type - simply supported

Section size - 127x76x16.50 J


Steel grade - S275

Trolley details - type - hand operated


- number of wheels -2
- wheel centres - 300 mm
- wheel set-in - "0.5b"

Applied Safe Working Load (SWL) = 2 tonnes


(NOTE: This includes lifted load, lifting appliance weight, effort on handchains and other superimposed loads)

NOTE: Both section depth and width less than that suggested in the Table in Appendix A.

Design forces
The beam is simply supported. The design shear force is based on the trolley wheels at the support. The design bending
moment is based on the trolley wheels at midspan.
V =(SWL*9.81)+(wt/100*(L/1000)/2)
=(2*9.81)+(16.5/100*(2500/1000)/2)
=19.8 kN
M =(SWL*9.81*(L/1000)/4)+(wt/100*(L/1000)2/8)
=(2*9.81*(2500/1000)/4)+(16.5/100*(2500/1000)2/8)
=12.4 kNm

Applied stresses
The applied stresses are calculated including the additional factor identifed in clause 4a. For a hand operated trolley the loads
are increased by 10%.

Applied shear stress f = (V*103*1.1)/(D*t)


v
= (19.8*103*1.1)/(127*5.6)
= 30.6 N/mm2
( 1.98 tonf/in2 )
Longitudinal bending stress f = (M*106*1.1)/Z
1 xx
= (12.4*106*1.1)/89900
= 151.7 N/mm2
( 9.82 tonf/in2 )

The transverse bending stress is calculated in accordance with Appendix G. The constants C, K are obtained from Tables 3
1
and 4 respectively and the effective load W from the Safe Working Load. They have the following values; C = 1 , K = 1.4 and
1
W = 19.62 kN.
f = 1.4*C*W*103*1.1/(K *T2)
2 1
= 1.4*1*19.62*103*1.1/(1.4*(9.6)2)
= 234.2 N/mm2
( 15.16 tonf/in2 )

Allowable stresses
The beam is simply supported and the effective length = 2500 mm. Using S275 steel, the allowable shear stress is 100.4
N/mm2 ( 6.5 tonf/in2 ). The allowable longitudinal bending stress in tension is 162.2 N/mm 2 ( 10.5 tonf/in2 ) and the allowable
longitudinal bending stress in compression, with L/r = 147.1 and D/T = 13.2 , is 142.6 N/mm2 ( 9.23 tonf/in2 ).
yy

NOTE: Applied longitdudinal bending stress exceeds allowable compressive stress


NOTE: Combination of longitdudinal and transverse bending stress outside limits of Figure 6.

Deflection
The total deflection is calculated with the trolley in the centre of the span. The deflection due to the beam self weight is
 = (5*(wt/100)*L4)/(384*205000*I )
b xx
= (5*(16.5/100)*(2500)4)/(384*205000*5710000)
= 0.1 mm
and due to the trolley is
 = ((SWL*9.81*103)*L3)/(48*205000*I )
t xx
= ((2*9.81*103)*(2500)3)/(48*205000*5710000)
= 5.5 mm
and the total deflection is  =  +
tot b t
= 0.1+5.5
= 5.6 mm

NOTE: Actual deflection exceeds allowable deflection of L/500 ( 5 mm).

Section FAILS overall