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Loss Caution Model

1. Management control

FAILURE TO MAINTAIN COMPLIANCE WITH ADEQUATE STANDARDS FOR

- Leadership and Administration


- Leadership training
- planned inspections and maintenance
- critical task analysis
- incident investigation
- performance observation
- emergency preparedness
- rules and work permits
- incident analysis
- knowledge and skill training
- personal protective ewuipment
- health and hygiene control
- system evaluation
- engineering and change management
- personal communications
- team communications
- general promotion
- hiring and placement
- materials and services management
- off-the job safety

2. Basis causes
PERSONAL FACTORS
- Inadequate capability
. Physical/ Physiological

a. innapropriate height, weight, size, strength, reach, etc

b. retricted range of body movement

c. limited ability to sustain body positions

d. substance sensitivities or allergies

e. sensitivities to sensory extremes (temperature, sound, etc)

f. vision deficiency
g. hearing deficiency

h. other sensory deficiency (touch, taste, smell, balance)

i. respiratory inacapacity

j. other permanent physical disabilities

k. temporary disabilities

. Mental/ phychological
a. fears and phobias
b. emotional disturbance
c. mental illness
d. intelligence level
e. inability to comprehend
f. poor coordination
g. slow reaction time
h. low mechanical aptitude
i. low learning aptitude
j. memory failure

- Lack of Knowledge
a. lack of experience
b. inadequate orientation
c. inadequate initial training
d. inadequate update training
e. misunderstood directions

- Lack of Skill
a. inadequate initial instruction
b. inadequate practice
c. infrequent performance
d. lack of coaching

- Stress
. Physical/ Physiological
a. injury or illness
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
. Mental/ phychological
- Improper Motivation

JOB/ SYSTEM FACTORS

- Inadequate Leadership and / or Supervision


- Inadequate Engineering
- inadequate purchasing
- inadequate maintenance
- inadequate tools, equipment, materials
- inadequate work standards
- Wear and tear
- abuse or misuse

3. Immediate causes

SUBSTANDARD ACTS/ PRACTICES

- Operating equipment without authority


- Failure to warn
- Failure to secure
- Operating at improper speed
- making safety devices inoperable
- removing safety devices
- using defective equipment
- using equipment improperly
- failling to use personal protective equipment properly
- improper loading
- improper placement
- improper lifting
- improper position for task
- servicing equipment in operation
- horseplay
- under influence of alcohol and/ or other drugs

SUBSTANDARD CONDITIONS
- Inadequate guards or barriers
- inadequate or improper protective equipment
- defective tools, equimpent or materials
- congestion or restricted action
- inadequate warning system
- fire and explotion hazards
- poor housekeeping; disorderly workplace
- hazardous environmental conditions; gases, dusts, smokes, fumes, vapors
- noise exposures
- radiation exposures
- high or low temperature exposures
- inadequate or excessive illumination
- inadequate ventilation

4. Incident
- struck against (running or bumping into)
- struck by (hit by moving object)
- fall to lower level
- fall on same level (slip and fall, tip over)
- caught in (pinch and nip points)
- caught on (snagged, hung)
- caught between (crushed or amputated)
- contact with (any harmful energy or substance)
- overstress, overextention, overload

5. Loss
- major injury or illness
- serious injury or illness
- minor injiry or illness
- catastrophic damage
- major damage
- serious damage
- minor damage