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Wing Introduction

A wing is a type of fin with a surface that produces aerodynamic forces

facilitating movement through air and other gases, or water and other liquids.
As such, wings have an airfoil shape, a streamlined cross-sectional shape
producing lift.

Wings can be attached to the fuselage:

• Top Fuselage.
• Middle Fuselage.
• Bottom Fuselage
Typical wing shapes

Wings are airfoils that create lift when move in the air, control, balance, and
stability aircraft to provide certain desirable fight characteristics.

• Tapered leading edge, straight trailing edge

• Tapered leading edge and trailing edge

• Delta and Sweptback

• Straight leading edge and trailing edge

• Straight leading edge and taper trailing edge

Torsion Box - a ‘Torsion Box' (or ‘Wing Box') made up from the Front and Rear
spars, and Capped by the Upper and Lower skins (Primary Structure) others
feature; Leading edges and Trailing edges (Secondary Structure).

Box Beam - wing construction uses two main longitudinal members with
connecting bulkheads (to furnish additional strength and give contour to the
Sheet between the bulkheads, smooth outer skin that carry tension and
compression loads.
Wing Parts

The spars support all distributed loads; where skin which is attached to the
wing structure, carries part of the loads imposed during flight (transfers the
stresses to the wing ribs) transfer the loads to the wing spars.
Wing torsion box made up from the front and rear spars, and capped by the
upper and lower skins.

Wing Spars are the principle structural members of the wing support all
distributed loads, they run parallel to the lateral axis usually attached to the
Wing spars made of solid extruded aluminum or aluminum extrusions (7075
aluminium alloy).
Fail-safe spar web design means that should one member of a complex
structure fail, other part of the structure permits continued operation.
Is made two sections, top section consists of a cap riveted to the upper web
plate and the lower section is a single extrusion consisting of the lower cap
and web plate.

The principal structural members of the wing run parallel to the lateral axis
from the fuselage toward the tip of the wing (attached to the fuselage by wing
Generally designed based on:
- MONO Spar.
- MULTI Spar.
- BOX Beam.
Are the structural of wings combine with spars and stringers to make up the
framework of the wing (extend from the wing leading edge to the trailing
edge), give the wing cambered shape and transmit the load from the skin and
stringers to the spars.
Similar ribs are also used in ailerons, elevators, rudders, and stabilizers.

Honeycomb structure wing panels are often used as skin is built up from a core
material honeycomb laminated or sandwiched between thin outer skin sheets.