OCHA Initial Assessment Report

Situation Summary On 16 August 2009 at approximately 03h00, torrential rains, cloud burst and flash floods caused sudden flooding in District Mardan and Swabi of NWFP. In Mardan the flash flood that originated at Ambela in district Buner caused havoc in Mardan affecting 13 union councils resulting in 14 deaths. In Swabi due to cloud burst flash flood that originated from Karamar Mountains flooded 3 union councils of district Swabi.

NWFP Floods Mardan and Swabi 2009

Flood Affected Population

According to the district governments 14 deaths have been reported so far due to recent floods all of them in district Mardan. Two day assessment conducted by OCHA estimates 84,290 individuals affected in 16 union councils of Mardan and Swabi. Estimated 38,842 (48% of the affected population) populations are severely affected according to the assessment. 76% percent of the affected population resides in district Madran and 24% in district Swabi. The assessment classified the affected union councils in to three damage categories, severely damage, moderately damage and low intensity damage. In Mardan there are 2 severely damage, 5 moderately damage and 6 low damaged intensity union councils. Rapid assessment visited 10 out of 16 union councils and consulted DCO’s, Nazim’s, elders of affected union councils. Consultations estimates approximately 2300 houses are partially or minor damaged due to flooding. 900 houses are estimated to be completely collapsed, majority of them are mud houses. It seems the water sources have also been badly affected with wells contaminated due to flood waters. In severely affected union councils, congested settlements in rural settings are filled with mud debris and polluted stagnant water. Most of the population seemed busy trying to clear debris and retrieve their belongings. Crops and livestock are badly affected, however there are no consolidated figures available to date. Affected population has lost animal feed and harvested crop such as tobacco and wheat due to flooding. 95% of the affected population that are interview by the assessment

Flooding % in the affected population districts




1500 900



0 Houses Destroyed Houses Partially Damaged

Houses destroyed VS houses partially damaged
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OCHA Initial Assessment Report

NWFP Floods Mardan and Swabi 2009

team confirms that food stocks have been lost or are not useful for consumption. There is growing anxiety amongst the locals who wait for meaningful relief intervention and identify five basic needs; however the assessment recommends other time critical interventions in the conclusion and recommendations section: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Dry Food Ration NFI with kitchen sets and bedding Shelter Clean drinking water Health needs focusing water borne diseases, skin diseases and scattered snake bite cases

Even though the flood has only affected very small area in two districts, the situation requires urgent assistance from humanitarian actors, since the affected communities have hosted large number of IDP’s in the past and the population has already consumed their resources to host the IDP’s. There are still small number of IDP’s residing in these districts from areas where the security situation has not improved such as Mata and Kabal area of district Swat and Chagarzai area of district Buner. There are reports that the IDP population who have not returned and now moving back due to the floods. Affected population and damages Swabi Mardan Houses Houses Affected Houses Destroyed Partially Population Destroyed Damaged 500 2000 64,059 400

Affected Population

Houses Partially Damaged



Map of the flood affected union councils in district Mardan and Swabi
Detailed map is attached as PDF document

OCHA Initial Assessment Report

NWFP Floods Mardan and Swabi 2009

The assessment team met with the DCO Mardan who pointed out 13 union councils that are flood affected in the districts. DCO informed that the torrential rains resulted in early morning floods that originated from Ambela in Buner and entered Mardan through Rustum where the intensity of the flood increased and played havoc in Garyala union council killing 8 people and destroying substantial area of Shahbaz Ghari union council. OCHA has estimated approximately 500 houses have completely destroyed in Mardan district while 2000 are partially or minor damaged. These estimates may vary final figure and are released only for planning purposes. Assessment team has observed in almost all villages clean drinking water is an immediate need. Inadequate clean drinking water and hygiene conditions in the villages can lead to water borne diseases. There are some cases of snake bites in the villages, however they are not that wide spread and most in areas which are close to streams and rivers that over flowed. Adequate health coverage covering skin diseases, water borne diseases and targeted distribution of snake venom to the health department may be required. All together 14 deaths have reported in the affected districts all of them in Mardan: No of Deaths 1 2 8 1 1 1 14 UC Machi, Mardan Charguli, Mardan Garyala, Mardan Mohib Banda, Mardan Garhi Ismailzai, Mardan Garhi Daulatzai, Mardan Total

DCO has indicated immediate needs as food for 5000 families and shelter for 2000 families. OCHA assessment team visited 8 UC’s in Mardan district. Thirteen union councils have been identified by the assessment team as flood affected in Mardan district: Estimated projected % of damage in census the affected figures of union council UC wise population as Damage (OCHA team affected Union Councils of March 2009 Category assessment) population BALA GARHI UC 16611 Moderate 25% 4153 BAZAR UC 28040 Low 10% 2804 CHARGULI UC 24218 Low 9% 2180 GARHI DAULAT ZAI UC 33541 Moderate 22% 7379 GARHI ISMAIL ZAI UC 16499 Low 8% 1320 GARYALA UC 20130 Severe 58% 11675 KOT DAULAT ZAI UC 16761 Moderate 35% 5866 MACHAI UC 17576 Moderate 20% 3515 MOHIB BANDA UC 25510 Moderate 21% 5357 PALO DHERI UC 26595 Low 7% 1862 RUSTAM UC 34047 Low 6% 2043

OCHA Initial Assessment Report
SHAHBAZ GARHI UC BAGHICHA DHERI Total 29048 16712 305,288 Severe Low

NWFP Floods Mardan and Swabi 2009
49% 10% 14234 1671 64,059

Worst affected union council Shahbaz Garhi has three affected villages, Tarinabad, Priyankot, Chanday. Tarinabad is the worst affected village in the union council. According to the Nazim of the union council 125 houses have been completely destroyed and 350 partially or minor damaged. Several destroyed houses were witnessed by the team and there were reports of displacement from Tarinabad village as well, where the women and children have moved to friends and relatives. Men were seen clearing the debris and cleaning their houses which were inundated almost 4-6 feet underwater, however there is no water standing in the areas. Clean drinking water, food and shelter are three main needs of the people in this area. Sanitation is also seen as a big issue in the area where drainage system is over flowing and mixing with drinking water sources. Similar to Shahbaz Garhi, Garyala UC has witnessed 500 damaged houses due to floods. There is long list of villages affected in UC Garyala, Husay, Bai Khan, Arbab Banda, Man Khel, Mohala Kabur Khel, Siri Galiyara, Mohala Muli Bagh, Tora Dera, Seray Baba jee and Galay Bara jee. Affected population of Garyala was struck with flash flood that killed 8 people. Amongst the dead 5 were children. There is one mosque which has been collapsed in Garyala union council as well. Other moderately affected union councils all seems to be similar in needs with food, water and shelter as priorities. District Swabi Tobacco stocks destroyed due to floods The assessment estimates that 20,232 individuals are affected in three union councils of the district. The DCO Swabi has estimated 80,000 individuals only in Swabi that has been affected by the floods, however visits to the affected area suggest much smaller number of affected population. OCHA team visited two union councils in Swabi and met with wide range of stake holders to confirm estimates suggested in this assessment. OCHA has estimated approximately 400 houses have completely destroyed in Swabi district while 300 are partially or minor damaged.
Harvested wheat has been put in the sun to dry

DCO and elders of the community suggest that cloud burst was witness over the Karamar mountain range that resulted in flooding the streams and rivers in the area.

OCHA Initial Assessment Report

NWFP Floods Mardan and Swabi 2009

Three union councils have been identified by the assessment team as flood affected in Swabi district: % of damage Estimated in the projected affected census union UC wise figures of council Damage (OCHA team affected population as Union Councils of March 2009 Category assessment) population ADINA UC 16,365 Low 8% 1309 ISMAILA UC 28,116 Severe 46% 12933 KALU KHAN UC 31,523 Moderate 19% 5989 76,004 20,232 Total Ismaila UC is severely affected union council of Swabi district with approximately 46% of the population affected. According to elders, UC Nazim and affected population 400 houses have been damaged and destroyed. Community indicated 6 villages which require urgent assistance, Mukhtairabad, Naseerabad, Chota Ismaila, Surarah, Sarey Sher Garay and Hajiabad. Team witnessed dozens of collapsed houses majority of them mud with slash of mud all over the court yards. Shop keepers in the villages have lost their stock and were busy cleaning the area and drying their stocks in the sun. Shop keepers indicated loss to their shops and stocks irreparable. Water sources and wells are contaminated with flood water and clean drinking water and food seems to be the priority in this village followed by shelter and NFIs. It is recommended that hygiene promotion activities must be introduced in the community as precautionary measure Sanitation condition in the area seem to be very poor with gutter and sewerage over flowing due to floods. One petrol pump has also been damaged in Islamaila UC. Similar to other affected UC harvested wheat and standing rice crop has been destroyed due to the floods and animal Destroyed mud house in Ismaila UC feed stacked in the field has been washed away. Village elders and UC Nazim initial estimated suggest that villagers have lost 48 goats and 82 cows in the union council. Political parties have been seen active in providing some relief to the affected population and provided cooked food on the first day of the floods. In Kalu Khan UC there are three affected villages, Khat Kallay, Manan Khel and Loda Khel. Khat Kalay has been worst affected in the Kalu Khan UC. The village is situated next to the Narangi Khowan river stream which flooded and inundated the settlements on the river bank. The village main route which was connected through the Kalu Khan Khat Bridge has been collapsed due to the flooding and alternative route has to be taken to approach the village. Approximately 50-100 houses in this village have been damaged. There are apparent destruction to the standing crops mostly corn and maize. Villagers informed that large numbers of livestock have been lost in the flash floods; however there are no immediate estimates available. Affected population are finding great difficulty in Bridge destroyed in Kalu Khan UC acquiring clean drinking water and food seems to be disconnecting village Khat most prioritized need of the affected population.

OCHA Initial Assessment Report
Emergency Response

NWFP Floods Mardan and Swabi 2009

UNHCR has provided 1000 tents and NFI packages to the DCO’s of the affected districts. 500 tents and 500 NFI packages have been distributed in Kaghan Camp and affected population in Mardan. 500 tents and 500 NFI’s have been provided to DCO in district Swabi. UNICEF has started providing 80,000 liter of clean drinking water per day in Swabi. 24,000 liter clean drinking water is being provided to affected population in affected UC’s of Mardan. UNICEF has established warehouse in Col Sher Khan village of district Swabi. UNICEF is ready to distribute hygiene kits to all affected population. UNICEF will be working through Muslim Aid in four UC’s of Mardan. UNICEF has also started work on de-watering and cleaning of drainage system through line department. Detail damage assessment is underway through PHED and TMA. WHO has provided three health kits to Merlin, NCHD and EDO Health as emergency response to the flood affected population. 10,000 aqua tabs have also been provided to partners in Mardan. Two Cholera kits have been provided to partners in Swabi. Health Cluster has reported that district health department, NCHD and Merlin are providing mobile health services in affected areas of Mardan. Disease Early Warning system is in place in affected districts and trends have been monitored. WFP is planning to start distribution of food to 2100 families in the affected areas as emergency response and will continue assess food security situation. Government of NWFP through ERU has started distribution of 15,000 bags of wheat flour, 15,000 cans of cooking oil and 15,000 bags of pulses. There are reports of distribution of some tents as well but details are not available. Conclusions and Recommendations Funding 1. Current PHRP has envisaged flood response in its cluster specific sections. This emergency is not a large scale emergency and should be responded through existing resources. It is recommended that emergency funding such as CERF should be kept on standby for Monsoon, incase there are further flooding emergencies in the country that affect population in other parts of the country and on a large scale. Coordination 2. For coordination purpose it is useful to remind the clusters that even though this is a natural disaster it still needs to be coordinated through current clusters arrangement in place in NWFP and cluster lead agencies in conflict setting needs to coordinate their specific sectors keeping humanitarian principles in mind. It is recommended that ICCM in Peshawar establish flood specific 3W and take lead in coordinating the emergency through clusters and keep close coordination with the government. 3. There are number of flood assessments took place in the floods affected areas. OCHA has been coordinating with cluster lead agency in the field to make sure there is no over lap in mandates while assessing the situation. Other cluster partners have also assessed the areas and have shared their reports with OCHA. In light of assessments that took place in the affected area OCHA would recommend not tot activate the Inter agency assessment in the affected areas.
(Continued …)

OCHA Initial Assessment Report
Cluster Specific

NWFP Floods Mardan and Swabi 2009

4. Health cluster has started response in the affected areas, however close monitoring for trends through DEWS regarding water borne diseases is crucial and needs to be integrated with WASH cluster response. Skin diseases are also on the rise and needs to be monitored and responded to. 5. WASH cluster has started water distribution in the area which is critical need, however the distributed needs to be balanced out between the most affected districts and then severely affected UC’s identified in this assessment report. Currently more focus is given to Swabi from WASH Cluster. 6. It is recommended that Protection cluster assess the impact of floods on the IDP’s in the host families and to verify if the IDP’s have started to head back to their areas of origin due to floods. Some of the IDP’s in these areas are from those areas of Swat (Mata and Kabal)/Buner (Chagarzai) which are currently unstable from security point of view. 7. Emergency Shelter and NFI cluster needs to establish separate 3W for the floods distribution since the area is small and there is a lot of willingness from partners to distribute emergency shelter and NFI’s in the area and there could be duplication of efforts. It is recommended to reach agreement with the partners geographically for distributions. 8. Food and Agriculture cluster needs to work together and plan interventions from food security point of view. Food stocks and seeds for next planting season have been lost and targeted agriculture response is also recommended. There are humanitarian hubs very close to the affected areas and in some cases within the affected UC’s which can be used to respond, however it is recommended that UC based committees should be formed and distribution should be done in the affected villages through these committees. Assessment has found UC Nazims quite effective, however there are political inclinations in the area and committees must have representations of Nazims, Elders, affected population etc. WFP and FAO have a country program for Food Security in UC Jhangira, Narangi, Tarnoli and Sheva UC’s of Swabi. It is suggested that these projects change their focus and respond to emergency needs in affected UC’s.

OCHA Assessment team 1. Fawad Hussain – National Humanitarian Affairs Officer – OCHA Islamabad 2. Hussain Ullah - – National Humanitarian Affairs Officer – OCHA Islamabad GIS Support 1. Kamran Ahmad – UNHABITAT Islamabad IM Support 1. Asad Ullah – IM Officer – OCHA Peshawar

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