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A2

Vocabulary and Grammar

Book 2

Modules 3 and 4

THAT’S
ENGLISH!
THAT’S ENGLISH!
Autores Fotografía
Michael Downie; David Gray Javier Calbet, Sonsoles Prada, María Pía Hidalgo,
Fidel Puerta, Sergio Cuesta/Archivo SM; Almudena
Dirección del proyecto Esteban; John Wang/PHOTODISC; EFE; PHOVOIR;
Cleo Merino de Diego INGRAM; INGIMAGE; THINKSTOCK; DREAMSTIME;
Ana María García Romero BRAND X PICTURES; STOCKDISC; COMSTOCK;
123RF; AGE FOTOSTOCK; STOCKBYTE
Índice analítico
Ramón Palencia Edición gráfica
Fidel Puerta
Edición
Marisol Yago; Paloma Rodríguez; Elisa House Diseño de cubierta e interiores
Estudio SM
Corrección y traducción
Departamento de corrección de SM Maquetación
Nikki Strutt Estudio SM; Diego García Tirado

Ilustración Coordinación técnica y de diseño


Archivo SM; David Pintor Noguerol; Ángel Sánchez Mario Dequel Losa
Trigo; Chema García; Nacho Rúa Roure; Maximiliano
Luchini; Gregorio Rodríguez; Alena Emilova Markova; Asesor pedagógico
Francisco Roa; Artur Díaz Martínez; Lluis Filella Ramón Palencia
García; Marina Gómez Mut

Diseño curricular y seguimiento técnico del proceso


Este material se ha elaborado con papel
de elaboración de los materiales didácticos de certificado por la cadena de custodia PEFC
Inglés a Distancia desde el CIDEAD realizado por: (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest
Certification), procedente de plantaciones
Nuria Cambronero Sicilia forestales, totalmente libre de cloro
Rafael Fernández Alonso (TCF – Totally Chlorine Free) y cumpliendo
la ISO14001, siguiendo lo estipulado en
Yolanda Jiménez Martínez
la Orden PRE/116/2008, de 21 de enero.
Marta Puras Tellaeche
Francisco Javier Sainz de Robles
María Jesús Sierra Delgado
Elena Terán Herranz

MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN, CULTURA Y DEPORTE


SECRETARÍA DE ESTADO DE EDUCACIÓN, FORMACIÓN PROFESIONAL Y UNIVERSIDADES
Centro para la Innovación y Desarrollo de la Educación a Distancia (CIDEAD)
Director del CIDEAD: José Luis Gómez Sierra
Edita:
© SECRETARÍA GENERAL TÉCNICA
Subdirección General de Publicaciones y Documentación
Catálogo de publicaciones del Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte: http://www.educacion.es
Catálogo general de publicaciones oficiales: www.060.es
Fecha de edición: Junio 2013
NIPO: 030-13-097-0
ISBN: 978-84-369-5455-5
Depósito legal: M-15684-2013
Impreso en la UE - Printed in EU
Imprime: Reyper S.L.
THAT’S ENGLISH!
Contents 4

Vocabulary 6

Grammar 46

Answer key 86

Index 94

3
Vocabulary Contents

A Working life Family rules


Habits and
lifestyles
B Student life 6 Leisure 26
C Retirement activities

Feelings
A Feelings
Turning points
B Turning points in life 8 Advertising 28
in life

Humour A Humour
A How people learn
Learning Adjectives + B Adjectives + Prepositions
languages
B Using the dictionary 10 prepositions C Word formation: nouns ending 30
C Useful expressions
Word formation in -tion, -ness, -ment

Musical A Musical styles


Illnesses and A Health and illness
treatments B Useful expressions 12 styles and B Creating, performing and 32
instruments listening to music

A Travelling Traditions,
Travelling by A Festivals
plane and train
B Travelling by plane 14 festivals and
B Celebrations 34
C Travelling by train public holidays

Sleep and
Clothes A Clothes and accessories dreams A Sleep and dreams
Accessories B Useful expressions 16 Verbs of B Verbs of movement 36
movement

The
A Protecting the environment
Personal details A Personal details environment
B Recycling
Personality B Personality 18 Recycling
C Environmental issues and 38
Behaviour C Behaviour Environmental
disasters
issues

Bad habits
A Bad habits A Hardware
Plans and
B Plans and arrangements Computers and B The World Wide Web / The
arrangements
C Talking about intentions and 20 the Internet Internet 40
Intentions and
resolutions C Computer and Internet verbs
resolutions

Personal
A Personal achievements A Shows and venues
biography Show
and life
B Professional achievements 22 business
B Theatre and cinema 42
C Dreams and ambitions C Actors and the audience
achievements

A Working conditions A The Press


B Looking for a job The Media B TV and radio
Job hunting
C A CV 24 Politics C Online news 44
D A job interview D Politics

4 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Grammar Contents

Present Used to
A Used to
simple / A Present simple Mustn’t
Present B Present continuous 46 Don’t need to /
B Mustn’t 66
C Don’t need to / don’t have to
continuous don’t have to

Past simple A Past simple


Past time B Past time clauses with when, If-sentences
A If-sentences type I
clauses after, before 48 type I
B So … that 68
How long? and C Time periods: How long…? and So … that
For For + hours, …

A can, can’t, may, may not Agreeing and


Permission A Agreeing and disagreeing
Advice
B should, shouldn’t 50 disagreeing
B Word order with two objects 70
C Modal verbs Word order

A must Defining relative A Defining relative clauses with


Obligation
Necessity
B have to 52 clauses who, which, that as a subject 72
C need to Prefer B Prefer

Questions Contrast clauses A But, although, however, on the


A Questions
Time
B Time expressions 54 Indefinite one hand … on the other hand 74
expressions pronouns B Indefinite pronouns

What (a) …! Past continuous A Past continuous


A What (a) …! How…!
How…! Past simple B Past continuous + Past simple
The definite
B Use and omission of the definite 56 Prepositions of with while and when 76
article
article movement C Prepositions of movement

Comparison A Adjectives: comparative and


of adjectives superlative forms Possibility A Possibility: may, might, can
too … / not … B (not) as … as / less … than 58 Hope B Hope 78
enough C too … / not … enough

Be going to +
A Be going to + infinitive Asking for
infinitive A Asking for and giving
B Present continuous for future and giving
Present
arrangements 60 instructions
instructions 80
continous B Quantifiers
C -ing / to + infinitive Quantifiers
Verb patterns

Adverbs
A Present perfect simple with ever
Present perfect of manner A Adverbs of manner
and never
simple / Past
B Present perfect simple vs Past 62 Comparison of B Comparison of adverbs 82
simple adverbs Asking C Asking for confirmation
simple
for confirmation

Present perfect A Present perfect simple with for


A Use of the passive voice: for
simple with and since
for, since, B Present perfect simple with 64 Passive voice focus (emphasis) 84
B Form
already, yet already and yet

THAT’S ENGLISH! 5
Habits and lifestyles
A Working life I try to have a good
I commute work-life balance: I I often go
I make calls I write reports
WORKERS to work four
to customers. for my boss. get a lot of exercise away at
days a week. and eat organic food. weekends.

male male male male male

healthy, busy
I drive to I check my I don’t often I have meetings
work every emails first thing have a with important I rarely have
morning. in the morning. coffee break. customers. a day off!

female female female female female

stressed

B Student life I catch the I attend lectures In the evening I have a I want to get a
bus to go to three times a I revise for part-time job at scholarship for a year
STUDENTS college. week. exams. a bookshop. abroad at Harvard.

male male male male

I text
Lecturers set a classmates if I use social
I sometimes have lot of homework I have questions networking sites
I cycle to
to present projects and I do it in the when I’m doing to keep in touch
university.
to the class. evening. my homework. with friends.

C Retirement
I often meet
PENSIONERS I don’t exercise I sometimes I watch the friends to play
I lie in bed much: I only cut have a nap 6 o’clock cards, smoke
until 9 most the grass once a in the news every and drink
days. week. afternoon. evening. whisky.

bored, unhealthy,
sedentary
I do voluntary I sometimes
I do the I do exercise work for a After dinner eat out with
crossword every children’s I surf the friends at the
after breakfast. morning. charity. Internet. weekend.

relaxed, active

6 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises
1 Completa los textos sobre Phil y Gladys con las expresiones de los recuadros.
have a good work-life balance has a meeting commute to work
has a coffee break goes away has Friday off makes calls checks his emails

Phil works for a company in Newcastle, 25 kilometres from where he lives, so he has to (1) ............
every day. When he gets to the office, he first (2) ............ . He answers the important ones.
Then he (3) ............ to customers. He usually (4) ............ with his boss as well. At 10 a.m., he
(5) ............ and can relax a little. After that, it’s back to work. He tries to (6) ............ so he sometimes
(7) ............ and (8) ............ for a long weekend with his wife.

does exercise does the crossword does voluntary work watches the news lie in bed eat out

Gladys is a pensioner. She retired five years ago. Now she can (9) ............ until ten in
the morning if she is tired. She likes to keep fit, so before breakfast she (10) ............ for
about thirty minutes. Then, after breakfast, she reads the newspaper and (11) ............ .
Some afternoons she (12) ............ : she helps at a charity for homeless people. She usually
(13) ............ on TV at 6:00 and then she and her husband sometimes (14) ............ in a local restaurant.

2 Mira los dibujos y completa el diálogo con ayuda de las expresiones.


1 2 3 4 5 6

Ivan: How does Maribel get to university?


Cynthia: (1) …………………………………………………….…………….…
attend Ivan: What does she do in the morning?
lectur
revise es Cynthia: (2) …………………………………………………….…………….…
for ex
cycle a ms Ivan: Do her lecturers set any work to do every month?
use s Cynthia: (3) ……………………………………………………..…………….
ocial
sites netwo
rking Ivan: What does she do if she has questions about her homework?
prese
nt a p
roject
Cynthia: (4) ……………………………………………………..…………….
text a
classm Ivan: Why is she so busy in May?
ate
Cynthia: (5) ……………………………………………………..…………….
Ivan: Does she keep in touch with her friends and family?
Cynthia: (6) ……………………………………………………………………

3 Une los verbos (1-9) con las expresiones adecuadas (a-i).


... 1 drive ... 4 write ... 7 have a homework d a nap g out
... 2 eat ... 5 catch ... 8 surf b the grass e a report h a day off
... 3 have ... 6 do ... 9 cut c to work f the Internet i a bus

4 Describe tus actividades cotidianas usando las expresiones del ejercicio 3. Puedes usar
oraciones afirmativas o negativas.
1 Example: I never drive to work / I drive to work everyday / twice a week / on Fridays …
2 ....……………………........…………….........…… 6 ....……………........…………….........……
3 ....……………………........…………….........…… 7 ....……………........…………….........……
4 ....……………………........…………….........…… 8 ....……………........…………….........……
5 ....……………………........…………….........…… 9 ....……………........…………….........……

THAT’S ENGLISH! 7
Feelings Turning points in life
A Feelings
POSITIVE NEGATIVE
cheerful +
happy depressed
sad / upset But I thought
he loved me!
- upset
in a good mood +
angry / upset
annoyed
in a good mood
in a bad mood
-
+ in a annoyed angry
+ bad mood
excited
interested tired
bored
interested excited
- -
+ anxious
worried / upset
relaxed nervous
confident confused
-
confused worried anxious
confident relaxed
+ surprised -

s 5SAMOS feel + adjective o to be + adjective para describir nuestros sentimientos.


I feel tired today. I didn’t sleep well last night.
Oliver was really happy yesterday. He passed all his exams.
Listen to Sally singing. She’s in a good mood this morning.

s 0ODEMOS UTILIZAR TAMBIÏN VERBOS QUE DESCRIBEN SENTIMIENTOS POSITIVOS Y NEGATIVOS

positive negative

adore love like don’t mind don’t like hate


enjoy dislike (formal) can’t stand (informal)

I adore Brad Pitt and I enjoy watching his films when I’m in a bad mood. They cheer me up.
Phil loves going skiing, but all his friends hate doing sport.
I can’t stand pop music, although I don’t mind rock’n’roll.

B Turning points in life

be born pass leave leave start a fall in start work start your
your exams school home degree love own business

buy / rent move to a get married start a family / retire get a pet go on your first
a house / flat different city have a child trip abroad

8 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises
1 Busca diecisiete adjetivos en las serpientes. Usa algunos para completar las frases.

wits
dconfidentngrinte edpsaexcite noyed
p r surprised dlcom f
ortable restedjeipdepress dkuangrytan
abored dhesaduninrelaxedutsn ppywtcfoolishts ried
vsc onfuse ervouswoha tiredowor

1 They are 2 Sarah’s got 3 Paul left 4 We don’t 5 Pete has 6 He has a 7 Jenny is on 8 They’re in
going to nothing to his keys at understand. attended Maths exam her holidays. love. They
meet Father do. She feels home. He’s We’re ......... . five lectures tomorrow. She’s feeling are very
Christmas. .......... . very .......... . today. He’s He feels very .......... . .......... .
They are very ......... . .......... .
very .......... .

2 Escribe frases con la información dada, utilizando la forma correcta del verbo entre
paréntesis y and o but.
1 reading: Matt (love) / his wife (hate) 5 Bill eating sushi (enjoy) / Sheila eating raw
Matt loves reading but his wife hates it. fish (can’t stand)
2 Matt reading (love) / his wife doing sport (adore) ............................................................................
Matt loves reading and his wife adores doing 6 dogs: my father (adore) / Sheila (not like)
sport. .............................................................................
3 ROMANTIC FILMS 5RSULA NOT LIKE  (UGH LOVE 7 classical music: Bill (love) / Sheila (not like)
............................................................................. .............................................................................
4 Martin coffee (like) / his girlfriend tea (like) 8 Anne sport (not like) / Joe watching football
............................................................................. (not mind)
.............................................................................
3 Asocia estas palabras para formar expresiones.
1 buy ..…………... 4 move ..………….. 7 leave ....…………
2 get ..………….. 5 get ..………….. 8 meet ..…………..
3 finish ..………….. 6 start ..………….. 9 start ..…………..
married a degree a pet
home a flat to a different city
James a family her own business

4 Fijándote en las ilustraciones, escribe la biografía de María con las expresiones del ejercicio 3.
1980 1985 1990 1995 1996

1998 2000 2003 2005

Maria left home in …………………………………………………………………………………………….…


…………………………………………………………………….…………………………………………………
………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………

THAT’S ENGLISH! 9
Learning languages
A How people learn
I prefer reading in
English to listening.

reading speaking listening writing

I have a good ear but English


learning people speak very fast.
doing from
exercises mistakes
I like speaking in English.
skills However, pronunciation
is hard, especially vowel
distance sounds and intonation.
learning practising as
much as possible Studying phonetics helps
you pronounce words.
self-study LANGUAGE
LEARNING
motivation I need to concentrate when
I revise for my exams.

language word I study English by distance


systems class learning. Motivation is really
important for self-study.

My tutor always tells me


vocabulary when I’m right and wrong.
pronunciation
content grammar
words: words:
grammar noun, pronoun, I don’t like to make
adjective, preposition, mistakes in my writing.
verb, adverb conjunction

That’s English! materials


include lots of practice activities
to do at home. You need to
practise a lot to improve.
B Using the dictionary
word class countable / definition example
uncountable

cook (n) (C) A person who prepares food. Lori is a fantastic cook.
headword
to cook (v) To prepare food. Cook the vegetables for five minutes. opposite
cool ADJ  ,OW IN TEMPERATURE I’d love a nice cool drink. Ant: warm.
synonym Syn: chilly, chilled. 2. Fashionable. I think your shoes are
really cool.

different meaning of a word


When I see a word I
don’t know, I look it up You need to read the
in the dictionary. I always look at example sentences
You have to be the word class. carefully.
careful to choose the
correct meaning.

C Useful expressions
s ,AS SIGUIENTES EXPRESIONES SON ÞTILES CUANDO SURGE ALGÞN PROBLEMA DE COMUNICACIØN
Sorry, I don’t understand. Could you say that again, please?
What does ‘bus driver’ mean? Could you speak more slowly, please?
How do you say ‘ascensor’ in English? Could you speak louder, please?

10 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises
1 Relaciona las dos partes de cada diálogo. Luego, escribe de qué aspecto del aprendizaje
de una lengua están hablando en cada caso.
1 I love American literature. a Why don’t you keep a special notebook and look
2 Getting vowel sounds right is the hardest at them often?
thing in English. b They’re not so bad. They’re quite similar to
3 I can never remember new words. Spanish.
4 I find conditional sentences really difficult. c Me too. The important thing is to learn from them!
5 You can learn a lot from English songs. d Yes, you need to be very motivated.
6 It’s hard when you don’t have a teacher. e I find it helps if I play the CD again and again and
then I record myself.
7 I hate making mistakes.
f I prefer English authors. I’d love to read novels by
Dickens in English one day.
Example: 1-f reading g Yes, but you need to have a good ear.
2 ………………………… 4 ………………………..… 6 ……………………………
3 ………………………… 5 …………………….……. 7 ……………….…….…….

2 Ordena las palabras de las frases.


1 very Keith lucky is – he good has languages ear a for. ........................................................................
2 I reading prefer speaking to – bit I’m shy a. .........................................................................................
3 listen I like to when exams to revise music I for. ..................................................................................
4 mistakes Making language is a of new part learning. ..........................................................................
5 important The is communicate thing to – worry don’t right if wrong or you’re. ................................
...................................................................................................................................................................
3 Escribe debajo de cada palabra la abreviatura que corresponde a su categoría gramatical.
Ten en cuenta el contexto.
Example: I can learn foreign languages at home easily, but my sister can’t.
pr v (aux) v adj n prep n adv conj adj n v (aux)
1 You speak too fast when you get nervous.
…… …… …… …… …… ….. …. ……
2 I love fast cars. A good race can be really exciting.
…… …… …… …… …… ….. …. …… …… …… ……
3 Shall I book tickets for a theatre play or do you prefer to watch the race?
…… …… …… …… …… ….. …. …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… ……
4 I lost my watch in the pool yesterday. Swimming can be expensive!
…… …… …… …… …… ….. …. …… …… …… …… ……
4 Escribe los nombres de las diferentes partes de esta entrada de diccionario.
1 2 3
study (n) (C) plural: studies. 1. A room where you go to learn or work on something. 4
My father was in his study. 5
2. A report about something. 6
Nearly all studies show that smoking is dangerous 5
2 4 5 7 8
stupid (adj) Not intelligent. That was a really stupid decision. Ant: clever. Syn: unintelligent

1 …………… 2 ………….. 3 …………… 4 …………… 5 …………… 6 …....…… 7 ………… 8 …………


5 Completa las conversaciones con las expresiones adecuadas.
1 Where are you going today? — Sorry, I don’t understand. You speak very quickly! ………..…….?
2 How did your exam go? — Sorry, I can’t hear you. ………..…….?
3 I ate some delicious fish last night. Its name in Spanish is ‘lubina’. How ………..…….?
4 I met Jake last night. He’s at university in Bristol now. You’re from Bristol, aren’t you?
— Sorry, I wasn’t listening. ………..…….?
5 Our camping holiday was a complete disaster. It poured all weekend. — Poured? What ………..…….?

THAT’S ENGLISH! 11
Illnesses and treatments
A Health and illness
Stay in bed and
drink plenty of
I’ve got a pain in liquids.
I’ve got a headache. my back / knee /
My head / shoulder hurts. chest / neck.

I’ve got a Take an aspirin / some


sore throat / painkillers. You don’t I’ve got a cough / a
stomach. need a prescription. temperature.
Take some
vitamins I suffer from
insomnia.
I’m depressed /
Take a

treatm s and
stressed.

ents
sleeping pill

e
Don’t work Illness I’ve broken my
too hard. Do lots of leg / I’ve got a
broken leg. I’ve sprained
exercise.
my wrist /
Don’t smoke.
ankle. / I’ve
Injuries
HEALTH treatmeand got a sprained
& nts wrist / ankle.
Healthy
habits ILLNESS Put your arm in a
sling / in plaster.
I’ve got an
Eat healthily. Get eight hours I’ve cut my
infection.
es

Don’t eat fatty of sleep. hand.


Plac

foods. Take some


antibiotics
doctor’s
surgery
Put on a
health bandage.
centre hospital

waiting emergency operating


room room theatre

s 0ARA EXPRESAR DOLOR FÓSICO PODEMOS USAR LAS SIGUIENTES CONSTRUCCIONES


My xxx hurts. I’ve got a sore xxx.
s 3OLO UTILIZAMOS LA PALABRA ache con determinadas partes del cuerpo, por ejemplo:
stomach ache, headache, toothache, backache.
s .ORMALMENTE USAMOS LOS POSESIVOS NO hthe”) con las partes del cuerpo: I’ve cut my hand,
I’ve broken my leg. (Sin embargo decimos I’ve got a broken leg, She’s got a small nose.)

B Useful expressions I can’t sleep. I Yes, you do.


think I suffer from Here’s a
insomnia. My ear really prescription for
I feel terrible. hurts. I think some antibiotics
What’s wrong?
I have an and some
infection. painkillers.
Have you tried
alternative
I don’t feel well. medicine?
I feel stressed
I’ve got a really high You should
and unhealthy.
temperature and I make an
It’s not a cold. You You might have appointment
can’t stop sneezing.
probably have the flu. depression. You I have a with your
Take some aspirins should take some toothache dentist.
and go to bed. vitamins and do as well.
more exercise.

12 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises
1 Completa las frases a-f con las expresiones del recuadro. Después, une las frases 1-6 con a-f.

broken a sore stomach got a pain temperature cut his she’s sprained fatty in plaster

1 Poor John! He’s not feeling well. ..... a David has …………. arm.
2 Molly had an accident yesterday. ..... b I think …………. her ankle.
3 Paul’s probably got the flu. ..... c My ear hurts and I’ve …………. in my neck.
4 Doctor, I’m feeling terrible. ..... d He says he’s got a high …………. .
5 You’d better take Julie to the hospital. e She’s got a …………. arm. They’ve put it …………. .
She can’t walk. ..... f He’s got …………. . I think he eats too much
6 There’s blood everywhere. ..... …………. food.

2 Utilizando los verbos del recuadro, escribe lo que dicen los personajes. Puede haber más
de una respuesta posible.
What’s the
matter?
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

have got hurt twist sprain break

Example: I’ve got a headache. / My head hurts. 4 ………………………………………….........….


1………………………………………….........…. 5 ………………………………………….........….
2 ………………………………………….........…. 6 ………………………………………….........….
3 ………………………………………….........…. 7 ………………………………………….........….

3 Rellena los huecos con las palabras del recuadro y relaciona las preguntas con sus respuestas.
appointment cut healthy feel hard have got a
painkillers sleeping pills put on room suffer from do

What should you do if you…?


1 …….............. insomnia? ..... a Take some ….. and make an ….. with the dentist.
2 …….............. toothache? ..... b ….. a bandage and go to the emergency …… .
3 …….............. stressed? ..... c A doctor will give you a prescription for some ……. .
4 …….............. your finger? ..... d ….. lots of exercise, eat …… food and don’t work too ……. .

4 Lee las notas del doctor y escribe los diálogos.

SYMPTOMS: feels terrible – a temperature - SYMPTOMS: doesn’t feel well – sore


sore throat stomach / headache - can’t sleep
DIAGNOSIS: an infection DIAGNOSIS: stressed
TREATMENT: prescription: antibiotics; bed TREATMENT: don’t work so hard
& liquids

Patient: ………………………………………… Patient: .........................................................


Doctor: ………………………………………… Doctor: .........................................................
Patient: ………………………………………... Patient: .........................................................
Doctor: ………………………………………… Doctor: .........................................................
THAT’S ENGLISH! 13
Travelling by plane and by train
A Travelling

Joanne went on holiday to France last summer. She started planning well in advance. First she
decided on her destination – Paris.Then she looked at all the flight schedules and the train timetables.
The plane was faster, so she booked a single ticket. She didn’t buy a return ticket because she didn’t
know when she was coming back. She checked in online, printed her boarding pass and then just
dropped off her checked baggage at the airport. She was very careful because airlines charge a lot
for overweight baggage. Then she boarded the plane and waited for take off.

s !LGUNAS PALABRAS SON DIFERENTES EN INGLÏS BRITÉNICO Y AMERICANO


single ticket (AmE one-way ticket), return ticket (AmE round ticket), holiday (AmE vacation)
s To travel, a journey, a trip
Travel is usually a verb.
I prefer travelling by train. I’m afraid of flying.
A journey is the act of travelling from one place to another.
The journey from Madrid to Barcelona takes about six hours by bus.
How was your journey?
A trip refers to a journey plus a visit and the journey back.
Why don’t we take a day trip to Salamanca?
economy
B Travelling by plane class to land
delayed business
class lavatory / plane
check-in hand on time toilet (AmE airplane)
fasten your
desk luggage flight seat belt
(AmE restroom) to take off

suitcase trolley first class baggage reclaim


speedy boarding
boarding pass (AmE baggage claim)
luggage
window aisle
compartment
seat

railway station platform timetable direct train ticket office


C Travelling by train
How much
To travel from Belfast is the fare to
to Bangor, most people Paris?
take the train. The
journey takes about
35 minutes. You leave
from Great Victoria
Street station. You don’t
have to change trains.
Trains leave about every
twenty minutes.

sleeping carriage carriage travel card


(AmE sleeping car/ sleeper) (AmE car)

14 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Completa el crucigrama con las palabras que faltan en las frases.


1
1
S Across
4
B 1 We need to check the flight ……… before the trip.
3
2
D 2 Sorry we’re late. Our flight was ……… .
T 5 At Heathrow Airport, planes ……… every two
5
, minutes.
6 When we got to the boarding ……… there were a
6 lot of people waiting.
G
7 The flight attendant asked her to put her ………
……… in the luggage compartment.
Down
1 You get on the plane quickly if you pay for ………
……… .
3 When planes ……… ……… passengers have to
7
H fasten their seat belts.
4 I hate waiting for my luggage at …… …… . I always
think it’s not going to arrive!

2 Encuentra las palabras del inglés británico o americano y colócalas junto a la bandera
correspondiente.
leroundticketholid
toiletcarvacationone-w returnsing aycarria erestroom
g
ay
1 ………………..…….. 6 ………………..……..
2 ………………..…….. 7 ………………..……..
3 ……………………… 8 ………………..……..
4 ……………………… 9 ………………..……..
5 ……………………… 10 ………………..……..
3 Relaciona las imágenes con las frases y escríbelas correctamente, sustituyendo las
palabras erróneas.
a b c d e f

1 You should book an aisle seat if you want to look out of the window. ……………………...…..…
2 You can walk around when the plane is taking off. ………………………………………………....…
3 You should keep your hand luggage on your knee. ……………………………………………......…
4 Economy class is the most expensive. ………………………………………….........................……..
5 You have to show your ticket when you get on the plane. ……………………………...……………
6 You have to pay extra if you have hand luggage. …………………………………………….…..……
4 Completa el texto con las palabras adecuadas.
direct train station take(2) journey ticket office
timetable sleeping carriage / sleeping car / sleeper trains

James went to the (1) ........... because he wanted to (2) ........... a train to Edinburgh. He looked at
the train (3) ........... to see what time the trains left. Then he went to the (4) ........... to buy a ticket. He
didn’t want to change (5) ........... so he asked for the (6) ........... train. It travelled at night so he bought
a ticket for the (7) ........... to get some sleep. The (8) ........... was going to (9) ........... seven hours.

THAT’S ENGLISH! 15
Clothes Accessories
A Clothes and accessories

leather
jacket
sweater/ tracksuit
jumper denim denim
shorts woollen jeans
jacket
cardigan
sweatshirt

ar
al we
T-shirt

Casu
ar
we waistcoat
Swim rmal shirt (AmE vest) trousers
wear Fo suit
swimming CLOTHES/
trunks bikini Wo
ACCESSORIES m en’ raincoat
s ite
ms
overcoat
ries
c esso
Ac Fotw
o
Und

belt ea
hat r blouse
erw

top
skirt
dress
ear

tie
handbag
cap

gloves sandals
earrings boots trainers
scarf (AmE
necklace sneakers)

slippers high-heeled sport shoes


shoes

pyjamas
(AmE pajamas)
woollen silk scarf
scarf tights
underpants
bra knickers
(AmE panties) vest
(AmE undershirt)

socks
B Useful expressions Too thin? No way.
You’re slim and tall.
Is this big enough? You look wonderful. I’d like something
Don’t I look too Just amazing! casual, not formal or
thin?
old-fashioned.

This shirt is too


Sure. How much tight for me. I am
Those jeans are
would you like to well built. Do you
great. They are
spend on it? have a bigger one?
superb!

I’m looking for a


short skirt in a dark
colour.

Try this on. You’ve got


long dark hair and big brown
This is extra large. I’m quite eyes. I think a long skirt in
short and not too fat, just You’re right. It doesn’t a light colour would suit you
average in weight. Have you fit. Do you need small or better. You’re tall enough
got a smaller size? medium? to wear it.

16 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises
1 ...........
1 Escribe los nombres de las prendas.
10 ...........

2 ...........
9 ...........

3 ...........
4 ........... 5 ........... 7 ...........
6 ........... 8 ...........

2 Relaciona las prendas con las situaciones.


1 a wedding 2 an informal party 3 in the rain 4 at home 5 in the gym
high-heeled shoes ............ suit ............ tie ............ raincoat ............
trainers ............ cap ............ top ............ tracksuit ............
denim jacket ............ hat ............ pyjamas ............ slippers ............

3 Relaciona las imágenes con los textos. Después, completa los huecos marcados (___)
utilizando las palabras de la actividad 2 y los marcados (.....) con palabras del recuadro.
1 2 3 4

average earrings gloves look necklace overcoat slim tight woollen jumper

Julie: When I go out, I like wearing casual clothes, a _______ and a sweater with jeans and perhaps
a _______ . I usually wear some ………… too.
Janet: I don’t have to wear a _______ to work but I need to ………… smart. I usually wear a skirt with
a nice blouse and a jacket. I can wear ………… clothes, because I’m ………… , but I’m not very tall,
so I wear _______ . I always wear a ………… too.
John: It gets very cold here in winter, so I always sleep with warm _______ . At the moment I’m wearing
a ………… , trousers, thick socks, boots, an ………… , a scarf, ………… and a _______ , and I’m still cold!
Janice: I’m ………… in weight and height, but I’m really strong and sporty. I often wear a T-shirt with
a _______ on top, and _______ . I often have a baseball _______ on my head!
4 Completa los diálogos con las palabras del recuadro.
reduced medium suits lighter casual wonderful changing-room old-fashioned fit

Jill: I’m looking for a (1) ………… top. Nothing formal.


Assistant: What about this?
Jill: No, it’s very (2) ………… . My mother has a top like that!
Assistant: This one is nice.
Jill: Mm, yes… but it’s very dark. Do you have it in a (3) ………… colour?
Assistant: Here you are.
Jill: It doesn’t (4) ………… . It’s extra large!
Assistant: 7HAT SIZE DO YOU WANT SMALL OR  …………?
Jill: I don’t know. I’ll try them both.
Assistant: OK, the (6) ………… is over there…
...
Assistant: You look (7) …………! It really (8) ………… you!
Jill: Is it expensive?
Assistant: No, it’s (9) ………… . There’s 30% off.

THAT’S ENGLISH! 17
Personal details Personality Behaviour
A Personal details
Marital status

Two people who If you are not If you have a If your marriage If your husband Parent: mother /
live together are married, you are wife or husband, breaks up (ends), or wife dies, you father
a couple. single. you are married. you are divorced are widowed*. A single parent
or separated. takes care of a
child alone.
Age Job
(*) a widow = woman
a widower = man

If you are between 45 and 65 years A pensioner has If you don’t have a job at the
of age, you are middle-aged. retired from work. moment, you are unemployed.

B Personality

A helpful person A loyal friend / worker An anxious person is A hard-working A patient person
assists others shows constant always worried and person works a lot doesn’t mind waiting
(≠unhelpful). support (≠disloyal). tense (≠relaxed). (≠lazy). (≠impatient).

A polite person has A quiet person is An outgoing person A kind person A sensitive person
good manners reserved (≠noisy). is friendly, socially has a considerate understands other
(≠rude / bad confident and enjoys personality people’s feelings
manners). being with people (≠unkind). or is easily hurt or
(≠shy). offended
(≠insensitive).
C Behaviour

make a lot of
apologise noise
argue a lot / have a bad relationship
say hello and socialise /
shout at people with your neighbours /
goodbye / be outgoing
be polite
Being a good Being a bad be unsociable
neighbour neighbour

have wild
help each other be sociable / parties / play
get on well with loud music
do jobs for other complain
your neighbours be rude stay out late
people / be kind about your
neighbours

18 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises
1 Completa las oraciones con las palabras del recuadro.

divorced marital status married couple single age

1 Terry has been .............. since he broke up with Gloria.


2 Janet and John make a lovely .............. .
3 Cynthia and Phil got .............. after their marriage didn’t work.
4 Keith and Norma are happily .............. .
5 My granddad lived to an old .............. .
6 You usually give your .............. .............. when you fill in an official form.

2 Sustituye los errores subrayados por las palabras correctas.


1 Mary is a widower. ……………………………………………
2 Pat lost her job two weeks ago. She’s retired. ……………………………………………
3 My dad is 50. He is a teenager. ……………………………………………
4 My mum is single. She retired last year. ……………………………………………
5 My dad is a couple who cares for his children alone. ……………………………………………

3 Escribe los opuestos de los siguientes adjetivos.


1  LAZY 6 .............. unsociable
2 polite .............. 7 .............. noisy
3 .............. unkind 8 patient ..............
4 helpful .............. 9 .............. shy
5 .............. unfriendly 10 loyal ..............

4 Completa los diálogos.


1 A: My children are very .............. . I always have to tell them to be quiet.
B: Mine aren’t. They have very .............. .............. with strangers.
2 A: I’m really .............. at weekends. I don’t do anything!
B: You should get a hobby.
3 A: My wife is very .............. . She loves to meet friends.
B: Mine isn’t. She’s .............. , but I don’t mind. We’re happy.
4 A: Thanks a lot, Sue. You’re always so .............. when I have a problem.
B: Don’t mention it! That’s what friends are for!
5 A: My sister is never .............. . She worries about everything.
B: That’s her problem. If she’s so .............. , you can’t really do anything about it.

5 Vives en el número 17. Escribe frases sobre tus vecinos.

My neighbours are very different. At number 15, the children are very noisy. They ...........................
.....................................................................................................................................................................

At number 19, ............................................................................................................................................


.....................................................................................................................................................................

THAT’S ENGLISH! 19
Bad habits Plans and arrangements Intentions and resolutions
A Bad habits

bite your smoke watch TV use bad gossip eat fatty use your arrive be rude
nails late at language / foods mobile late for
night swear phone all meetings
the time
s /BSERVA ALGUNOS VERBOS QUE SE USAN PARA HABLAR DE HÉBITOS
5SAMOS spend y waste para dinero y tiempo. Waste TIENE UNA CONNOTACIØN NEGATIVA DESPERDICIAR
malgastar).
I usually spend a lot of money on holiday. June spends a lot of time talking on the phone.
He is wasting his time watching so much TV. He wastes his money on expensive clothes.
s #ON stop o give up nos referimos al cese de una mala costumbre:
He stopped biting his nails. She gave up smoking on 1st January.
B Plans and arrangements
go to the have dinner sit an exam
optician’s with friends

go to the go to the take a driving


hairdresser’s beauty test
parlour

visit go to a pick the


someone in funeral children up
hospital from school

I’m going to go
C Talking about intentions and resolutions on a diet and
lose weight!
Many people like to make a resolution at New Year.
Some people decide they are going to give up smoking,
for example. Others say that they are going to take up
exercise. However, it isn’t usually easy to keep these
I’m going to
resolutions. In fact, most people break their New Year’s change my
resolution well before Easter! look and grow
a beard!
s /BSERVA LOS VERBOS Y FRASES QUE UTILIZAMOS PARA HABLAR SOBRE INTENCIONES

book a hotel, a holiday, a ticket grow a moustache, a beard, your hair long
catch a train, a bus, plane lose weight
change jobs, your look, your lifestyle move to a bigger flat, a different town,
get married, divorced another country
get a divorce, a new job, a haircut, a pet, start your own business, a family
your driving license take part in a race or any other kind of event
go on a trip, a cruise, a journey, holiday, a diet take up a new hobby, a sport

20 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises
1 Paul es estudiante. Completa el correo electrónico que escribe a sus padres.

Dear Mum and Dad, biting


Things here aren’t what I expected! My flatmates are very difficult. Maria never smoking
stops (1) ................ and the flat smells of cigarettes. John (2) ................ every watches TV
night. He doesn’t turn it off until 3 o’clock in the morning. Colin is horrible. He
gossips
(3) ................ about people behind their backs and (4) ................ a lot. You know
I don’t like bad language! The food is terrible too. I’m (5) ................ and putting eating fatty foods
on weight. Also, I’m (6) ................ on books for the course. They’re really wasting
expensive. I hope I’m not (7) ................ my time studying. Three years is a long
spending a lot of money
time.
swears
Love,
Paul
PS The only good news – I’ve stopped (8) ................ my nails!

2 Completa el texto con los planes de Julie para la próxima semana.


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

On Monday morning, Julie is going to the (1) ............ She’s (2) ............ in the evening. On Tuesday,
she’s going to the (3) ............ in the morning and then she’s (4) ............ from school. On Wednesday,
she has to (5) ............ . On Thursday her friend Amy is (6) ............ and Julie is going with her. After
that they are planning to go to a (7) ............ On Friday, her son has to (8) ............ so Julie will take
him to the cinema after that.

3 Completa las frases con la forma apropiada de los verbos del recuadro.
start get catch move to grow take part in
1 I’m ............ a marathon this weekend. 5 I’m ............ a haircut this afternoon.
2 I have to ............ a train to Paris tonight. 6 Bob is ............ a beard as soon as he
3 John wants to ............ a bigger flat. starts his holidays.
4 My husband is ............ a new job tomorrow.

4 Relaciona los verbos con las expresiones y después escribe frases sobre los planes de
estas personas para los próximos doce meses.
... 1 take up a another country / a different town / a new part of town
... 2 get b my hair long / a moustache / a beard
... 3 go on c a new job / a new car / a new boyfriend / a new girlfriend
... 4 move to d karate / running / photography
... 5 grow e holiday / a cruise / a yoga retreat
Example: Kate – running / a new part of town / a new boyfriend.
Kate is going to take up running. She’s going to move to a new part of town, and she’s
going to get a new boyfriend.
1 Jane – another country / a new job / her hair long ............................................................................
2 Paul – photography / a beard / go on a yoga retreat ..........................................................................
3 Dan – a moustache / holiday / a new car .............................................................................................
4 ,ESLEY n KARATE  HER HAIR LONG  A CRUISE ..............................................................................................

THAT’S ENGLISH! 21
Personal biography and life achievements
A Personal achievements

be born grow up make (new) have a fall in love get married start a family / bring up separate /
friends girlfriend have children children get divorced
Places to live
Most young people nowadays can’t afford to buy their own house, so they rent a room or a flat.
,ATER IF THEY ARE LUCKY THEY CAN own a house. For many people, the dream is to move to a bigger
house in the suburbs, or perhaps even to live abroad. Of course, there are people who prefer the
simple life, living on a farm in the countryside.

B Professional achievements
get a (university) degree /
graduate from university

start / run your


have a career own business
join a company /
Education in journalism / get a job the army
teaching

Work do charity
work

work
get a professional retire
do a master’s abroad
degree qualification from a
vocational college get promoted work as a pilot /
an engineer
C Dreams and ambitions

start a climb a walk across


win a cup / mountain a continent /
fashion blog a medal a desert

WIN A PRIZE 
an award Sport

write your Culture become / be


memoirs and a celebrity play for Arsenal
media compete in /
write a take part in
record an bestseller the Olympics
album
appear in a music
VIDEO  A MAGAZINE  run a marathon /
on a TV talk show a 100 metre race

stay in a five-star hotel / a youth hostel /


a seaside resort / a ski resort

meet foreign
Travel people /
live / stay with a learn a foreign
language spend a foreigners
host family
holiday in …

fly / drive /
fly abroad travel to ...
22 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises
1 Forma expresiones con los elementos de cada recuadro para completar las frases. Utiliza
los verbos en la forma adecuada.

1 buy 5 get a a bigger house / the suburbs e friends


2 start 6 fall b children f abroad / on a farm
3 move to 7 live c a family g in love
d your own house / flat h married / divorced
4 bring up 8 make

1 We got tired of living in the city. We’re ......................... now. We love it.
2 I knew as soon as I saw her that I was going to ......................... .
3 The marriage didn’t work out so they ......................... last year.
4 The bank gave Jake and Pam a mortgage so now they’re ......................... .
5 People are very friendly here. We’re going to lots of parties and ......................... all the time.
6 ......................... can be very tiring - it’s nice when they grow up.
7 The Joneses are selling their house. They’re ......................... in the suburbs.
8 Kate and Don moved to the country because they want to ......................... . They think it will be
better for the children.
2 Estas personas están muy orgullosas de sus logros. Escribe lo que han conseguido.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Jemima Paul & Haley ,OUISE Joanne Jo & Adele Richard Grace The Ravers

Example: Jemima has won an Oscar. 4 Jo and Adele .........................................................


1 Paul and Haley ................................................ 5 Richard ..................................................................
2 ,OUISE .............................................................. 6 Grace .....................................................................
3 Joanne ............................................................. 7 The Ravers ............................................................
3 Completa el texto con la forma correcta de los verbos del recuadro.
compete take meet join win get start graduate leave

I started running seriously when I was at university. I (1) ............. part in a lot of races and (2) .............
QUITE A FEW MEDALS !FTER )   ) CONTINUED TO   IN LOCAL EVENTS 5NFORTUNATELY )
got injured and had to stop. I (5) ............. a sports company and (6) ............. promoted after a year.
However, I wanted to (7) ............. my own business so I (8) ............. the company. That was a big year
for me because I (9) ............. my future wife then too!
4 Relaciona los personajes con sus logros y escribe frases con los verbos adecuados.

1 J. K. Rowling 4 5SAIN "OLT a Apple Computer d Real Madrid


2 Alfredo di Stefano 5 The Beatles b Hey Jude in 1968 e Harry Potter
3 Steve Jobs 6 #HARLES ,INDBERG c the Atlantic in 1927 f THE ,ONDON /LYMPICS

Example: J. K. Rowling wrote Harry Potter.


1 Alfredo di Stefano .................................................................................................................................
2 Steve Jobs .............................................................................................................................................
3 5SAIN "OLT ..............................................................................................................................................
4 The Beatles ............................................................................................................................................
5 #HARLES ,INDENBERG ...............................................................................................................................

THAT’S ENGLISH! 23
Job hunting (working conditions, looking for a job, a CV, a job interview)
A Working conditions
This is my boss.
s A full-time job is one that occupies all your working time. These are my
workmates.
s ! part-time job is only for a smaller number of hours every day.
s 9OUR working hours are the hours you spend at your job.
s ! nine-to-five job is a full-time job with fixed working hours.
s 9OU WORK long hours if you work more than eight hours a day.
s Teleworking is working on the phone, via the Internet or
teleconferencing etc., usually from home.
s )F YOU ARE NOT WELL YOU CAN TAKE sick leave.

B Looking for a job

John has been job hunting for The other day he saw a job John sent his CV and a
several months. advert in the newspaper. He covering letter. He also sent
decided to apply for the job. details of two referees: one of
his university lecturers and his
first boss.

The company invited John to The interviewer asked him Now John earns a low wage
come to a job interview. There lots of questions and gave him working in a bar. He is quite
were several applicants. information about the salary. lucky, though. Some of his
workmates are working for an
a covering letter = a letter explaining why a person wants the job
hourly rate.
a referee (AmE references) = a person who provides a personal recommendation

the amount of money - a salary (in a year)


that a person earns is: - a wage (in a week)
- an hourly rate (in an hour)
C A CV D A job interview
PERSONAL DETAILS !LGUNAS PREGUNTAS TÓPICAS EN UNA
Name: Jo Hart Date of birth: 10 January, 1990 entrevista:
Nationality: British Address: 23 Runners Ave,
Manchester MA5, 2CD Why do you want to work for us?
Phone: 536998201 Email: johart14@yahoo.com Do you have any work experience?
EDUCATION AND QUALIFICATIONS What are you good at?
2000 – 2008 Manchester Academy (8 GCSE’s)
 7AITERING #ERTIFICATE 5+ 7AITERS )NSTITUTE What are some of your bad points?
LANGUAGES
Do you prefer working alone or in a team?
English (fluent); basic Italian What is your greatest achievement?
EMPLOYMENT AND WORK EXPERIENCE What are your interests?
2009 – 2011 Waiter and barman, Crown Jewels Bar and Do you want to
Restaurant ask anything
 n  7AITER ,UIGIS 2ESTAURANT Yes, when about the job?
 n PRESENT 7AITER *IMMYS 0IZZAS are the
OTHER SKILLS, INTERESTS AND HOBBIES holidays?
Word processing and spreadsheets (user level)
Football (playing and watching), meeting friends, walking
in the mountains
Clean driver’s licence !!!
PERSONAL GOALS
I would like to become the manager of a restaurant or bar.

24 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises
2 1
1 Completa el crucigrama. W N
3
T
Across
4
3 Working on the telephone from home.
F
5 Work for more than eight hours a day.
7 6
8 Person in charge. 5
W , S
9 Work for a limited number of hours every day. 8
B
Down
1 Full-time job with fixed working hours.
2 The hours you spend at your job.
4 Work that occupies all your working time. 9
P
6 Time spent at home when you are not well.
7 People I work with.

2 Completa cada párrafo con las palabras de uno de los recuadros.


1 I was (a) ............ last week and saw a (b) ............ . I sent my holidays
(c) ............ to the (d) ............ and waited for a reply.
salary interviewer
2 We received an (a) ............ yesterday with a very good covering letter application
(b) ............ . We contacted the (c) ............ and then called job interview applicant
the (d) ............ in for a (e) ............ . referees
3 The (a) ............ asked the applicant a lot of questions. The job hunting CV
applicant only wanted to know about the (b) ............ and Human Resources Department
the (c) ............ . He didn’t get the job! job advert

3 Escribe los encabezamientos para las secciones del CV y utiliza las palabras para completar
los datos que faltan.

1 : Mr Barry Holden, ___, ____ BA


cooking
2  +INGS #OLLEGE ,EEDS 5NIVERSITY ??? (ONS
learn
3 : _____, French (basic) married
4 : _____ Ford cars 2010 __ 2012 salesman
to
5 : _____, tennis
Spanish
6 : to ____ Italian 33

4 Escribe las preguntas con las pautas dadas. Luego, relaciónalas con las respuestas.
1 Why / you / want / work for us? a I like working in a team because it is
…………………………………………………………………… more dynamic, creative and productive.
2 You / any work experience?
…………………………………………………………………… b I’m very good at organising.
3 What / you / good at? c I enjoy reading and going to the
…………………………………………………………………… cinema. I also like playing tennis.
4 What / your bad points? d Because you are a serious and reliable
……………………………………………………………………
5 working alone or in a team? company.
…………………………………………………………………… e Sometimes I’m a little impatient.
6 What / your greatest achievement? f I once walked fifty miles for charity. I’m
……………………………………………………………………
7 What / your interests? very proud of that.
…………………………………………………………………… g Yes, I’ve worked in a hotel.

THAT’S ENGLISH! 25
Family rules Leisure activities
YOU HAVE TO…
YOU MUST… /

go to bed early do your homework do housework help with the be clean and
on time shopping organised
YOU MUSTN’T… / YOU CAN’T…

go to bed late play computer games talk to friends online play truant from
all day after 10 p.m. school

play loud music in drink alcohol in your go out late / hang out make a mess in
your room room with friends late at night the kitchen
YOU CAN … /
YOU MAY …

go clubbing go to the gym go cycling / go eat out stay in on chat with friends
once a week for a bike ride Saturday night online

I get on with my parents. I I argue with my parents. My


Our children are parents complain about my
talk about my problems. My well-behaved Our children are
dad often gives me advice. friends, my clothes, everything.
and polite. My parents don’t trust me! rebellious and rude.
My parents trust me. We can never discuss
problems in a friendly way.
They don’t listen to us!

get on with sb: have a good relationship with sb argue: disagree, usually by talking angrily
trust sb: have confidence in a person complain about sth: say that you are not satisfied with sth
give sb advice: be helpful and tell sb what to do discuss sth: talk about sth (in a friendly way)
well-behaved: following the rules rebellious: breaking the rules
polite: respectful with people rude: disrespectful, not polite
sb = somebody sth = something

26 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercices
Exercises
1 Completa el texto con las expresiones del recuadro.
play loud music go to bed do your homework
drink alcohol be clean and organised play truant from school

Welcome to your new host family. We have a few simple rules here. You must (1) ..............
early - no later than 10 o’clock. And during the week you must (2) .............. every day; we are
responsible to your school for that. Of course, it’s also very important not to (3) .............. - you
are here to learn as well as to have fun. In your room, remember to (4) .............. - we don’t like
dirty rooms. You mustn’t (5) .............., but you can go to cafés if you want. And please don’t
(6) .............. - it disturbs the rest of the family.

2 Escribe normas para adolescentes utilizando una expresión de cada columna y must, can
o mustn’t.
hang out with friends at the weekends 1 ...........................................................
play computer games in the countryside 2 ...........................................................
finish your homework late at night 3 ...........................................................
keep your clothes in your wardrobe 4 ...........................................................
go for bike rides after 11 5 ...........................................................
go to bed before you watch TV 6 ...........................................................

3 Forma expresiones emparejando elementos de cada recuadro. Después sustituye con


ellas las partes subrayadas de las frases. Cambia la forma del verbo (afirmativa /
negativa) si es necesario.
1 do 2 help 3 make 4 go 5 be 6 hang 7 play 8 stay

(a) with the shopping (b) out late (c) out with friends (d) in
(e) a mess in the kitchen (f) truant (g) housework (h) very tidy

Example: Jenny didn’t go out last night. Jenny stayed in last night.
1 Will likes to spend time with friends at the weekends.
………………….………………………………………………….………………….……………………
2 When his mother is tired, Nick sometimes does the shopping.
………………….………………………………………………….………………….……………………
3 George hates school. He often doesn’t go to class.
………………….………………………………………………….………………….……………………
4 Veronica doesn’t come home early on Sunday nights, so she’s always tired on Mondays.
………………….………………………………………………….………………….……………………
5 John is very organised – he always knows where everything is.
………………….………………………………………………….………………….……………………
6 The baby made the kitchen very dirty – her milk was all over the floor.
………………….………………………………………………….………………….……………………
7 I’m going to do jobs around the house next Saturday morning.
………………….………………………………………………….………………….……………………
4 Completa el diálogo con las expresiones del recuadro.
trust me don't have argue rude complain about
gives me a lot of advice well behaved discuss
Sean: Do you get on with your parents, Emma?
Emma: Yes, I do. I (1) ................ any problems with them. They say I’m very (2) ................ .
But my mum worries about me. She (3) ................ !
Sean: What about you, Jake?
Jake: No, I don’t! We (4) ................ about everything. They don’t (5) ................! I can never
(6) ................ my problems with them. They always (7) ................ my behaviour. And they
say I’m (8) ................ .
THAT’S ENGLISH! 27
Advertising
to advertise
/ædvətaɪz/
an advertisement to use
/ədvɜːtɪsmənt/ advertisements to
sell products or
an item of publicity ADVERTISING services
for a product or
service /ædvətaɪzɪŋ/
(short form: ad / the business of selling
products or services by an advertiser
advert)
advertisements /ædvətaɪzə/
a person or
organisation that
advertises

I organise
brand advertising
campaigns.
jingle

slogan
TV commercial advertising manager

Advertising campaigns to pro


mote new
products can be informative
or entertaining.
They can be annoying or the
y can make you
laugh. But they must make peo
ple pay attention! That’s a catchy
jingle!
annoying - irritating
entertaining - fun and enjoyable
informative - giving information
make you laugh - be funny
pay attention - notice
promote - advertise catchy – easy to remember

28 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises
1 Completa las frases con las palabras.
ad advertisers advertise advertising advertisements

Some marketing tips


First of all, if you want to sell your product, you have to (1) .............. it. (2) .............. campaigns
are expensive, so (3) .............. have to make sure to get their campaigns right. What are the
characteristics of a good (4) ..............? Well, it needs to be memorable. People remember (5)
.............. that make them laugh.

2 Escribe la palabra adecuada para cada definición.


1 A person who organises campaigns ................. 4 A tune that advertises something .................
2 An ad on TV ................. 5 Memorable .................
3 A phrase that sells a product ................. 6 Special or unique .................
3 Vuelve a escribir las frases, sustituyendo las palabras y expresiones subrayadas por las
que aparecen a continuación.
pay attention to is very informative entertaining promoting annoying make you laugh
1 I really like the new campaign. It gives a lot of information. ..........................................................
2 I saw a great TV commercial. It was amusing. ..........................................................
3 I like chocolate commercials. They are so humorous. ..........................................................
4 They are advertising a new electric car in the papers today. ..........................................................
5 I find perfume ads really irritating. ..........................................................
6 That ad is amazing. It really makes you notice the product. ..........................................................
4 Relaciona las ilustraciones con las expresiones.

d 1 A catchy slogan .....


c
a
2 An exclusive product .....
3 A special offer .....
4 50% off .....
e 5 Three for the price of two .....
f 6 Well-known brands .....
b

5 Completa las conversaciones con las expresiones del recuadro. Después, relaciónalas con
los dibujos.
a b
entertaining get one free advertising campaign
TV commercials come on ‘Come to the Cside.’ that jingle
a special offer very catchy, isn’t it?

1 A: Listen to ............. .
B: Yes, it’s ............. .
c d
2 A: I’m going to the supermarket. They’ve got ............. .
B: Yes, buy two and ............. .
3 A: I always change channels when ............. .
B: Do you? I enjoy them. Some of them are very ............. .
4 A: Have you seen the Marina Hotel’s latest .............?
B: Is that the one with the stupid slogan? ............. .

THAT’S ENGLISH! 29
Humour Adjectives + prepositions Word formation
A Humour
political satire

irony intelligent humour

TYPES
sarcasm OF surreal humour
HUMOUR

cruel humour black humour

s Humour can be ironic, sarcastic, cruel or s If you have a sense of humour, you enjoy
intelligent. laughing.
s When a situation makes you laugh, it is s Political satire laughs at politics and
funny. politicians.
s Something is humorous when people laugh s Black humour laughs at death or illness.
at it.
s Observa cómo hablamos de chistes.
A joke is a story or anecdote that makes people laugh.
Some people are good at telling jokes.
The punchline in a joke is the last line.
A blue joke is a joke that is rude or obscene.
When you play a practical joke on a person, you give
them a surprise (often not a very nice one!).
Careful - practical joker!
s ,EE LAS DEFINICIONES
funny (adj): a joke or a person that makes other people laugh. Peter told a very funny joke.
witty (adj): a joke or a person that uses words in a clever and funny way. John always makes
witty remarks – he’s really amusing.
hilarious (adj): extremely funny. The film was hilarious – no one in the cinema could stop
laughing.
comedian (n): a person who tells jokes professionally. My favourite comedian is Billy Connelly.
sitcom (n): (situation comedy) a television comedy show about people in everyday situations.

B Adjectives + Prepositions
s !LGUNOS ADJETIVOS VAN SIEMPRE ACOMPA×ADOS DE UNA MISMA PREPOSICIØN /BSERVA
interested in frightened / proud of good at rude to
famous for worried / happy / crazy about influenced by
s ,AS PREPOSICIONES SIEMPRE VAN SEGUIDAS DE SUSTANTIVO O VERBO EN ing.
I’m very interested in writing.
Charlie Chaplin was famous for his silent films.
My brother is frightened of flying.
His girlfriend is crazy about sitcoms.
I’m good at playing tennis.

C Word formation: nouns ending in -tion, -ness, -ment


s 0ODEMOS FORMAR NOMBRES A×ADIENDO -tion, -ness o -ment a verbos o adjetivos.
Verb + tion: examine – examination, concentrate – concentration
Verb + ment: excite – excitement, agree – agreement
Adjective + ness: dark – darkness, happy – happiness

30 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercices
Exercises
1 Contesta a estas preguntas.
1 What colour do we associate with jokes that are rude or obscene? .............................
2 What do we call a person who makes intelligent jokes? .............................
3 What kind of a joke is sometimes an unpleasant surprise? .............................
4 What is the name for the last line of a joke? .............................
5 What kind of TV programmes show humorous everyday situations? .............................
6 What profession does Rowan Atkinson (Mr Bean) have? .............................
2 Completa las frases con las palabras y expresiones del recuadro.
funny sarcastic humorous intelligent
sense of humour black humour laugh

1 I don’t enjoy ............... . I can’t laugh about people dying.


2 John thanked Melissa for the wonderful present but he was being ............... . She only gave him
a pair of socks.
3 He hasn’t got a ............... . He never laughs at anything!
4 ) DONT KNOW WHY YOU ALWAYS  AT 0ETES JOKES ) DONT THINK THEYRE  AT ALL
5 The situation was quite ............... . The policeman who stopped Jan yesterday for speeding was
her ex-boyfriend!
6 It’s not true that ............... people don’t like blue jokes. My university professor was always
telling them!

3 Completa las frases combinando un adjetivo con una preposición.

proud happy good


of about in about
frightened famous interested
at about of for
crazy worried

1 My little brother is ............................. The Simpsons. He’s a real fan.


2 The Saturday Night Live show is ............................. its political satire.
3 My best friend isn’t ............................. hearing any of my jokes! We don’t have the same sense of
humour.
4 My friends laugh at me because I’m ............................. spiders.
5 I’m not ............................. my February exam results; I hope to get better marks in June.
6 If you are ............................. a situation, the best thing to do is to look on the funny side.
7 I was really ............................. myself for telling a joke in public.
8 My son is really ............................. tennis. He may become a professional player soon.

4 Escribe las frases con la forma correcta de las palabras entre paréntesis.
1 Candidates must pass a medical (examine) to work for this company.
.................................................................................................................................................................
2 There was a lot of (excite) in the audience as they waited for the comedy show to start.
.................................................................................................................................................................
3 The spotlight fell on the presenter. The rest of the stage was in (dark).
.................................................................................................................................................................
4 The comedian was terrible. He lost his (concentrate) several times and missed the punchlines.
.................................................................................................................................................................
5 The meeting was long but we finally reached an (agree) that satisfied everyone.
.................................................................................................................................................................

THAT’S ENGLISH! 31
Musical styles and instruments
A Musical styles
rock ‘n’ roll jazz punk reggae flamenco

heavy metal country rap classical opera

I don’t like rock.


I prefer soul,
rhythm & blues
I like dance and blues.
music. My I prefer more
favourites are traditional
pop, funk, music like
techno, hip hop opera or folk.
and electronic.

B Creating, performing and listening to music

bass - drums -
bass player drummer
INSTRUMENTS and
MUSICIANS

guitar / electric
guitar - guitarist / piano - pianist /
guitar player piano player
saxophone -
saxophonist /
violin - violinist / saxophone player keyboards -
violin player keyboard player

composers songwriters
write music write song
CD – CD
lyrics mp3 player on a / an player
give a songwriters and
concert / composers
play live GADGETS
You listen to
record music …
an MUSIC JOBS
film
album
soundtracks
orchestras through
bands and
singers… play… loudspeakers
classical headphones
go on tour music

A songwriter writes song lyrics and a composer writes music. Film soundtracks are often played by
an orchestra.
Most people don’t use CDs or CD players now. They download songs from the Internet and listen to
them on an mp3 player or on their iPod. You often see people listening through their headphones
in public. At home, they usually have loudspeakers.
32 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercices
Exercises
1 Completa el crucigrama con estilos musicales.
2 Across
1
3 0 0 4 1 This style got its name from the word ‘popular’.
J S 5 This is a unique Spanish style.
6
5 7 This Afro-American style inspired many rock
F O
musicians.
8 This style originally came from Jamaica.
7
B 9 This style is associated with cowboys.
Down
8
8 2 This was an aggressive style, popular in the 1970s.
R
3 Louis Armstrong was a great ........... musician.
4 Aretha Franklin sings in this style.
9
C 6 0LÉCIDO $OMINGO IS AN  SINGER
8 The Rolling Stones are one of the greatest ...........
bands of all time.

2 Completa las frases.


3 6
1 2

4
5
7 8
1 The band has a really good ........................ .
2 Dave is a really good classical ........................ .
3 I have always wanted to be a ........................ .
4 Nick is a fantastic ........................ .
5 A jazz band needs a really good ........................ .
6 Their rock and roll band has a very young ........................ .
7 I love listening to Frankie. He’s a brilliant ........................ .
8 My dad is the ........................ in his local church orchestra.
3 Contesta a las preguntas.
1 Who is a person who composes music? ............................................................................................
2 What is the music on films called? ......................................................................................................
3 What do you wear to listen to music? .................................................................................................
4 What has replaced CDs? .......................................................................................................................
5 What do we call the large boxes that transmit music at concerts? ...................................................
6 What do you call a group of musicians that play classical music? ..................................................
4 Completa las frases con la palabra adecuada del recuadro.
album band lyrics music tour downloaded
SONGWRITER I0OD CONCERTS LIVE

My favourite boy (1) ......... , One Direction, has recorded a new (2) ......... and (3) ......... video. They
are going on (4) ......... in the US! They are giving a lot of (5) ......... so their fans will be able to hear
them playing (6) ........ music. I love the (7) ........ of their songs. They have a really talented (8) ........ .
I have (9) ......... all their songs onto my (10) ......... , paying of course!

THAT’S ENGLISH! 33
Traditions, festivals and public holidays
A Festivals cultural
religious harvest

music FESTIVALS local

s #HRISTMAS IS A religious festival and Glastonbury is a music festival. The Hay Festival of Literature
and Arts is a cultural festival held in Wales.
s Harvest festivals are still common in farming areas; there’s lots of food, contests, music and
dancing.
a public holiday an annual / a monthly event
a religious event

a bank holiday special events


a holiday and occasions
a National Day a sporting event

Cheese rolling is a traditional annual event that takes place / is held near Gloucester every spring.
Wimbledon is one of the most famous sporting events in the world.
Our wedding anniversary is a special occasion for our family. We all get together to celebrate.
Tomorrow is a holiday IN )RELAND ITS 3T 0ATRICKS $AY
A bank holiday is a public holiday in the United Kingdom. All businesses close on a bank holiday.
A long weekend is when a public holiday falls on a Monday or a Friday.

COUNTRY PATRON SAINT NATIONAL DAY


Wales St David March 1 A normal working day
Scotland St Andrew November 30 A public holiday
England St George April 23 A normal working day

Ireland St Patrick March 17 A public holiday

St David is the patron saint of Wales. The national day of Wales is St David’s Day, on March 1st. St
David’s Day is a normal working day in Wales.
On Mother’s Day you send a card, flowers or chocolates to
your mother.
At a carnival, people dress up.They wear fancy costumes.
On Bonfire Night, people light a bonfire and watch
fireworks.
On Thanksgiving, Americans cook a special dinner with
turkey.
On Shrove Tuesday, people make pancakes. That’s why
ITS ALSO CALLED 0ANCAKE $AY
At Christmas, people put up decorations and give
presents.
At Easter they eat chocolate Easter eggs.
On New Year’s Eve, people usually have a party.
On April Fool’s Day, people play games and tricks on
other people.
B Celebrations

a parade a carnival a street party a bonfire fireworks


34 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercices
Exercises
1 Encuentra ocho palabras en el dibujo.
par fire pres cost deco bon car pan

ents umes fires ades cakes rations works nival

1 ....... 2 ....... 3 ....... 4 ....... 5 ....... 6 ....... 7 ....... 8 .......

2 Completa las frases con las palabras del ejercicio anterior.


1 0EOPLE EAT  ON 3HROVE4UESDAY
2 0EOPLE IN "RITAIN LIGHT  AND MAKE  ON .OVEMBER 
3 Notting Hill is a very famous ............... in London.
4 It’s always nice to get ............... at Christmas and on your birthday.
5 There are always very colourful ............... on Chinese New Year.
6 Children usually enjoy putting up ............... at Christmas.
7 At the carnival in Venice, some people wear beautiful fancy ............... .

3 Completa las definiciones con estas palabras y relaciónalas con los eventos.
1 A music ........ a) The FA Cup Final
2 A beer ........ b) Easter
3 An annual sporting ........ couples c) Father’s Day
culture
4 A celebration of Scottish ........ d) Woodstock
event
5 A religious ........ fathers e) St Andrew’s Day
6 A special occasion for married ........ festival (x3) f) Oktoberfest
7 A special day for ........ g) A wedding anniversary
4 Completa el crucigrama.
5 Identifica la celebración y describe lo que hace la gente. 1 2
T E
Across
6 0EOPLE CELEBRATE THIS IN )RELAND
7 You need to be careful on this day! 3 4

8 You eat special food on this day. V 5 H


6
S C
Down
1 Americans remember the first settlers on this
day.
2 This religious festival takes place on a different
date every year.
3 This is a special day for people who are in love.
4 An ancient tradition says that this is the night
7
for witches. A
5 The day that Christians celebrate the birth 8
of Jesus. 0
Example: children / flowers and chocolates / mothers
On Mother’s Day children give flowers and chocolates to their mothers.
1 fireworks / bonfires ........................................................................................................
2 turkey ..............................................................................................................................
3 games and tricks ............................................................................................................
4 pancakes .........................................................................................................................
5 green beer ......................................................................................................................

THAT’S ENGLISH! 35
Sleep and dreams Verbs of movement
A Sleep and dreams
Young children often don’t want to go to bed at
their proper bedtime. Teenagers often like to stay
Daddy, I think it’s your up late. Older people sometimes take a nap in the
bedtime too. You’re afternoon. But for everybody, it’s important to get a
snoring. good night’s sleep.

stay up late take a nap get / have a good


night’s sleep

lie awake be exhausted feel sleepy fall asleep wake up

I had a pleasant dream


last night. I dreamt about
my boss. Really? What
happened?

Lucky you! I had a


I dreamt I won the nightmare about
lottery and I never had my boss.
to see him again!

What was I dreamt about the sea:


it? in my dream I was a
fish and my boss was a
fisherman!
What a weird
dream!

We can dream while we are awake. We call this daydreaming.


0EOPLE WHO WALK IN THEIR SLEEP ARE sleepwalkers.
0EOPLE WHO CANT SLEEP HAVE insomnia and take sleeping pills to help them.
When someone is going to bed you can say ‘sweet dreams’.

B Verbs of movement

climb
drive

chase swing

run
float
crawl
walk
jump

36 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercices
Exercises
1 Completa las frases con las palabras y expresiones del recuadro.
feel sleepy lies awake siesta bedtime exhausted fall asleep nap
snoring wake up a good night’s sleep stay up late

1 It’s not my ................. . It’s only 11 o’clock!


2 My wife says she can’t sleep because of my .................!
3 Teenagers like to ................. and watch films on TV.
4 I think I’ll have a quick ................. in the garden.
5 If I have a ................. in the afternoon, I can’t sleep at night.
6 Sheila felt totally refreshed after ................. .
7 I usually ................. on the bus on the way home.
8 0AUL  IN BED AT NIGHT BECAUSE HE HAS LOTS OF PROBLEMS
9 I ................. early every morning.
10 If you ................. when you are driving you should stop to rest.
11 I am so ................. I could sleep standing up.
2 Ordena el diálogo entre Sean y Liam escribiendo la letra apropiada.
(a) S: Hi Liam. Wow, you look exhausted. (g) L: I dreamt I was a famous footballer.
(b) S: OK, I see. Well, I had a weird dream too. (h) L: I am.
(c) S: Oh yeah? What was it? (i) L: I had a nightmare last night.
(d) S: So what’s so bad about that? (j) L: That’s not a dream! That’s a nightmare!
(e) S: What happened? (k) L: What was your dream?
(f) 3 ) DREAMT ) WAS THE 0RIME -INISTER (l) L: I missed a penalty in the final of the
Champions!
1a 2h 3 .... 4 .... 5 .... 6 .... 7 .... 8 .... 9 .... 10 .... 11 .... 12 ....

3 Completa los huecos con las palabras y elige la opción correcta para completar las frases.
1 When you ................. , …
a) you are sleeping b) you are awake c) you sleepwalk.
2 0EOPLE TAKE SLEEPING ................. when they …
a) are nervous b) have a cold c) can’t sleep. daydream
3 A ................. is a person who … insomnia
a) walks around while they are asleep pills
b) takes exercise before they sleep sleepwalker
c) walks with people to help them sleep. sweet
4 0EOPLE SAY @ ................. dreams’ to someone …
a) at bedtime b) before they eat c) after they wake up.
5 When a person has ................. , he or she …
a) is depressed b) can’t sleep c) can’t eat.

4 Completa la historia con las palabras del recuadro. Pon los verbos en el tiempo correcto
(present simple, past simple o past continuous).
climb swing jump run walk drive crawl chase nap about pill stay

I often have problems to get to sleep, especially when I (1) .............. up late or if I take a long (2)
.............. in the afternoon. Sometimes I need to take a sleeping (3) .............. , but then I get nightmares
and I dream (4) .............. really weird things. Just last night I dreamt I was a monkey. I (5) .............. out
of bed and (6) .............. to the park. I (7) .............. on the grass and I (8) .............. up a tree. I (9) ..............
on a gate when a zoo warden (10) .............. into the park. He was carrying a net. He (11) .............. me
and finally caught me. We (12) .............. to the zoo in his van when I woke up!

THAT’S ENGLISH! 37
The environment Recycling Environmental issues
A Protecting the environment

clean up
beaches, woods, drop pollute
parks plant litter / rubbish beaches, woods, parks
pick up
litter / rubbish* trees

Environmentally cut down


Non environmentally
friendly (green) use trees
friendly actions
actions public
turn off transport
lights, leave on
computers, save water, lights, waste water,
machines, electricity, share computers, electricity,
TVs energy cars machines, TVs energy

*rubbish: waste material (often, household waste) litter: rubbish in public places

s ! PERSON WHO PROTECTS THE ENVIRONMENT IS environmentally conscious.


s ! MEMBER OF 'REENPEACE IS AN environmentalist; an ecologist is a scientist who studies
ecosystems.
s #OMPANIES OR PRODUCTS WHICH RESPECT THE ENVIRONMENT OR WHICH DO NOT USE MUCH ENERGY ARE
called environmentally friendly, eco-friendly or green.
B Recycling
can

cardboard PAPER
box RECYCLING L
META
0,!.4 tin

newspaper

plastic jar
bag GLASS
PLASTIC cartons
plastic glass
bottle bottle

C Environmental issues and disasters


Global warming is the increase in average world temperatures. It is due to the greenhouse effect.
This causes climate change, which leads to the melting of the glaciers and the rising of sea levels.
Environmental issues are becoming more urgent in the world today. Environmentalists organise
campaigns to get governments to change their policies.
floods drought
Pollution sources Natural
disasters
smoke
and carbon earthquakes
emissions acid rain
car exhaust
fumes
hurricanes volcanic eruptions forest fires
sewage deforestation oil spills the destruction of
Man-made
the ozone layer
rubbish factory waste disasters

pesticides famine
overpopulation
litter
infertile soil
38 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercices
Exercises
1 Identifica los elementos de la imagen.

6 ...............
1 ...............
2 ............... 7 ...............

4 ...............

3 ............... 5 ............... 8 ...............

2 Une las palabras de las dos columnas para formar expresiones relacionadas con la
ecología. Después completa con ellas las frases.
1 Experts say that ...... like forest fires and floods will increase.
A cut down a) layer
2 Authorities in Brazil are trying to protect the ........ , while
B clean up b) effect farmers want to ........ and plant soya and corn.
C infertile c) trees 3 The ........ is caused by an increase in CO2 and other gases.
D natural d) rainforest It’s named after the buildings where plants that need warmer
E environmentally e) bank temperatures are grown.
F ozone f) warming 4 0LANTS DONT GROW WELL IN  
G global g) soil 5 It takes a long time to ........ after an oil spill.
H tropical h) conscious 6 0EOPLE ARE BECOMING MORE  BUT POLITICIANS ARENT
doing enough.
I bottle i) disasters
7 The hole in the ........ gets bigger every year.
J greenhouse j) beaches
8 The ice in Greenland is melting because of ........ .
9 Recycling glass is easy nowadays. Everyone has a ........ near
their home.
3 Completa el texto con las expresiones y palabras del recuadro.
glass alternative drop plant polluted environmentally conscious
turn off recycle public transport clean up wasted left on
In the past, people didn’t worry about pollution. They (1) .......... lights and (2) .......... water. They
(3) .......... beaches and woods when they went on holiday. But nowadays, more and more people are
(4) .............. . They (5) .......... lights at home and (6) .......... paper and (7) .......... . They tell their children
not to (8) .......... litter on the ground and they sometimes volunteer to (9) .......... parks or (10) ..........
trees. They prefer to use (11) .......... energies if possible, and they use (12) .......... when they can.
1
4 Completa el crucigrama. H
Across
5 ............... is a very serious problem in the Amazon area. 2 3
7 Heavy rain can cause a serious ............... . 4 5 F 6 F
5
Down O D E
1 A ............... is a very strong wind.
7
2 A bad ............... burnt many trees near F
Valencia last summer.
3 A lot of people die in Africa every year because
of ............... .
44HE 0RESTIGE DISASTER IN THE NORTHWEST OF 3PAIN
caused a bad ............... .
5 Many people did not have water to drink because
of the terrible ............... .
6 We measure the strength of an ............... on
the Richter Scale.

THAT’S ENGLISH! 39
Computers and the Internet
A Hardware
laptop 0#
(personal computer)
netbook

tablet
smartphone

USB port pen-drive cursor monitor


photocopier screen
icon fax machine
speakers
scanner

laser portable mouse


keyboard
printer hard drive headset

B The World Wide Web / The Internet


Millions of people connect to the Internet by broadband. They surf the Web and communicate on
social network sites in chatrooms or through a web diary or blog. They use websites to read online
papers, to buy things, to study, do their banking or for chatting.

What’s your
email address? my/books@sm.net (my slash books at sm dot net)

What’s the
website address? www.grupo-sm.com (www dot grupo dash sm dot com)

C Computer and Internet verbs


send an email sign up for
open a to a friend / a blog
email a friend log on
print document
write
go online
attach a e-mails BEING
document / a file (= emails) ONLINE
to an email chat online
save WORKING WITH
DOCUMENTS click on an log off blogs and
blog / write a
AND FILES icon check your social
blog entry
mail networks
download /
cut and upload
delete post a message /
paste photos / videos an image

on a comment wall in a forum thread

If your computer
Tips for using crashes, take
your computer it to an official
service centre.

40 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercices
Exercises
1 Escribe qué representan las siguientes imágenes.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

........... ........... ........... ........... ........... ........... ........... ...........

2 Utiliza las palabras del recuadro para completar las frases.


portable hard drive laptop headset screen cursor
laser printers icon smartphone fax machine USB ports
1 Anne uses a .................... for business when she travels.
2 To send someone a copy of a document, you use a .................... .
3 I have a .................... to back up all the work on my computer.
4 .................... give great quality prints.
5 When I want to open a programme, I just move the .................... and click on the ....................
6 Tom’s computer has 4 .................... . They’re very useful for connecting external devices.
7 My .................... is 17” wide.
8 I use a .................... to speak and listen when I skype.
9 I take my .................... everywhere. I use it to take photos, go on the net, text and even phone
people!
3 Combina las palabras de A y B para formar diez palabras o expresiones relacionadas con
la informática.
1 …………………………………………………
A broad social switch on 2 …………………………………………………
go web email 3 …………………………………………………
post log charge 4 …………………………………………………
upload
5 …………………………………………………
B 6 …………………………………………………
a computer address off 7 …………………………………………………
a photo online site
band network the battery 8 …………………………………………………
a message 9 …………………………………………………
10 …………………………………………………

4 Completa los huecos con el verbo adecuado en su forma correcta y escribe en cada
recuadro la letra de la parte de la oración que falta.

blog log off download go online save chat online crash open attach

I work from home, and I’m on the computer most of the time. Every day, the first thing I do is to
(1) ................. and . Before (2) ................. a document, . It’s funny but sometimes I’m so busy
that I forget to (3) ................. a document . But I make sure I often (4) ................. my work, and
I always do it . Something I hate is that, from time to time, my computer (5) ................. - when
that happens, I get really angry, especially if . If I want to get in touch with friends, I prefer (6)
................. to using the phone; I don’t really know why, but I just don’t like . I also (7) .................
every day . I love surfing the Internet, but I never (8) ................. films . When do I (9) .................
the Internet? Just before I go to bed!

a) to my mail before sending it. e) I have to wait a lot before I can start it again
b) before I switch off my computer. f) open my email
c) so that my friends know all my news. g) making phone calls.
d) from pirate sites. h) I always check for viruses

THAT’S ENGLISH! 41
Show business: types of entertainment, places, people
A Shows and venues

a cinema
(AmE a movie theater) a nightclub a theatre a concert hall an arena

a film a cabaret a play a ballet an opera a rock concert


(AmE a movie) a gig an opera a classical a rock concert a gig
a gig concert a classical concert
a musical a gig

s The place where a public show or public event takes place is a venue.
s "IG BANDS OFTEN PLAY IN arenas or sports stadiums.
s ! festival is an entertainment event usually lasting two or three days with a variety of
performances.
s ! gig is a concert, especially playing modern music.

B Theatre and cinema (AmE Theater and movies)


Theatre outside Theatre inside
1
3
3 2
1
2

5
4
1 a theatre 2 the box office 3 a queue 1 costumes 2 the stage 3 the curtain 4 the aisle
5 a seat in the front row

Artists A film set


4
8
1 3 4 5 1
5

3
2
6
6 7
7 2 8
1 a performer 2 the audience 3 a ballet dancer 1 lights 2 the director 3 a make-up artist
4 an opera singer 5 a magician 4 a stuntman 5 an actor 6 an actress 7 a film star
6 the stage manager 7 stage crew 8 an usher 8 a cameraman

cartoon
western love story
documentary Types of film comedy
action thriller science fiction
horror
C Actors and the audience
Theatre actors work hard. They go to auditions. When they get a part, they have to learn their lines.
They rehearse the different scenes many times. The day before the play opens, they have the dress
rehearsal, when they wear their costumes for the first time. On the opening night they go on stage
and play their part in front of the audience.
Some people like to listen to music or watch TV in the comfort of their homes. Others prefer to go
out for the evening. They go to a live performance or see a play in the theatre. In the interval, a lot
of people have a drink or walk around. A good audience will applaud at the end of the show as the
actors bow, but sometimes, if the actors are really bad, people boo.

42 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercices
Exercises
1 Completa las frases con la palabra del recuadro.
musical plays concert film concert hall ballet opera arenas cabaret gigs

1 Cats is a popular .............. by Andrew Lloyd Weber.


2 The Bolshoi .............. from Moscow is world famous.
3 ,UCIANO 0AVAROTTI WAS A FAMOUS .............. singer from Italy.
4 Shakespeare’s .............. are performed around the world.
5 I love live music ............. . My last one was by Coldplay; they gave a ............. at Carnegie Hall.
6 The Moulin Rouge is a famous .............. .
7 The Cannes .............. festival is held every year in France.
8 When I went to listen to the London Symphony Orchestra, the .............. was completely full.
9 Bands like U2 and The Rolling Stones often play in huge .............. .

2 Escoge la opción correcta.


1 Where do people watch a cabaret?
a) In an arena b) In a nightclub c) In a cinema
2 What type of event has a variety of performances over several days?
a) A gig b) An opera c) A festival
3 Who helps people to find their seats in a theatre or cinema?
a) A stage manager b) A star c) An usher
4 Where do you buy tickets for a play?
a) At a box office b) On the stage c) In an aisle
5 What is a very popular actor called?
a) A star b) A magician c) A performer
6 Who writes plays?
a) A make-up artist b) A cameraman c) A playwright

3 Escribe la palabra a la que corresponde cada definición.


1 A person who takes an actor’s place in dangerous scenes. ..............................................................
2 A type of film that makes people laugh. .............................................................................................
3 A performer who does magic tricks. ...................................................................................................
4 A type of film that frightens people. ....................................................................................................
5 0EOPLE WHO ARE INTERESTED IN THE FUTURE OFTEN LIKE THIS TYPE OF FILM .................................................
6 0EOPLE WHO MOVE THE SCENERY ON A STAGE HANDLE LIGHTING AND SOUND ETC ....................................

4 Completa el texto con las palabras o expresiones del recuadro. No todas son necesarias.
opens applauds auditions his lines walk around get a part
rehearsing have a drink performance costume
My brother is an actor. It’s quite a stressful job. He goes to a lot of (1) ........... but it’s difficult to (2)
........... . He has a very good memory so he doesn’t have problems learning (3) ........... and he really
enjoys (4) ........... , but he gets very nervous before the play (5) ........... . He even feels sick when he’s
putting on his (6) ........... . He’s OK when the curtain goes up, though he always looks to see who’s
sitting in the front row. He says it’s a great feeling when the audience (7) ........... at the end of the (8)
........... and the actors come onto the stage and bow.
5 Etiqueta la ilustración con palabras del ejercicio 4.

1 ...........
........... 4

2 ...........

........... 3

THAT’S ENGLISH! 43
The Media: TV and radio, the press, online news Politics
A The press
tabloids press
photographer foreign
news correspondent
quality magazine
press types of
newspapers war correspondent
and jobs
magazines editor

daily / weekly / monthly / Sunday journalist / reporter


THE
newspapers
PRESS
crime front page
human interest
headline
sports
politics types of parts of a leading article
people newspaper
news (= editorial)
celebrity business
classified ads
local international
cartoon advertisement
national / home
art and entertainment (= comic strip)

s 0EOPLE LIKE READING THE NEWS IN A daily newspaper.


s 9OU CAN FIND MORE SERIOUS NEWS IN THE quality press like The Times or The Independent.
s 4HERE IS MORE TRIVIAL NEWS IN tabloids like The Sun or The Mirror.
s News magazines like The Economist and Time are published once a week.
s ! journalist or a reporter finds information and writes news stories.
s ! newspaper editor checks the stories and writes the leading article.

B TV and radio

My favourite news channel is Sky News. They I listen to the news on the radio when
broadcast 24-hour TV news programmes. CNN I’m driving. Radio 4 is a good radio
is an American TV news station. My favourite
station. They have regular radio news
presenter is Hala Gorani. I also enjoy watching
the six o’clock news on the BBC. I like the BBC bulletins. Their newsreaders speak really
because it doesn’t have commercials. clear English.

C Online news

I follow the news on a


news website. It has an
on-line news service.

D Politics
0EOPLE vote in a general election for the politicians who will represent them
in parliament. They are called MPs (Members of Parliament). The leader of
the political party with the most votes becomes Prime Minister. There are
three main political parties in the United Kingdom.
0OLITICAL PARTIES IN 'REAT "RITAIN

Left wing Centre Right wing


,ABOUR 0ARTY ,IBERAL $EMOCRATS #ONSERVATIVE 4ORIES
44 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercices
Exercises
1 Relaciona los titulares con el tipo de noticias.
1 Man Rescues Dog from River a) Crime
2 Latest Hollywood Blockbuster Opens Tonight b) Arts and entertainment
3 0OLICE !RREST -AN AFTER 2OBBERY c) 0OLITICS
4 Tension on Border with Syria d) Sports
5 0ROPERTY 4RAVEL  *OBSx e) International
6 0RIME -INISTER &ACES )MPORTANT 6OTE IN 0ARLIAMENT f) Human interest
7 Red Faces in Liverpool after Defeat by United g) A comic strip
8 h) Classified ads

2 Completa las frases.


1 A newspaper that comes out every day is called a .................. .
2 A newspaper that comes out on Sundays is called a .................. .
3 The Guardian and The New York Times are examples of the .................. .
4 .............. contain many photographs, stories about famous people and sensational crime stories.
5 Harper’s and The New Yorker are .................. .

3 Responde las preguntas.


Who …
1 … reports news from abroad? ..................
2 … checks news stories before they are published? ..................
3 … takes photographs for the newspaper? ..................
4 … reports from war zones? ..................
5 … reads the news on TV and the radio? ..................

4 Completa el texto con las palabras del recuadro. No todas las palabras son necesarias.
presenters news channels radio stations news website 24-hour
ten o’clock news commercials on the radio editor

I work at home on my computer, so I follow the news on a (1) .................. , but I still like to watch
the (2) .................. on TV in the evening. There are lots of (3) .................. but I like ITV. I think their (4)
.................. are very good. The only problem is that they have (5) .................. but I usually make a cup
of tea when they’re on! I enjoy listening to the news (6) .................. too. We have some very good
local (7) .................. in our area.

5 Lee las siguientes definiciones. ¿Qué palabras describen? Elige la respuesta correcta.
1 This is not a person.
a) political party b) -0 c) leader d) politician
2 This word is not related to elections.
a) general election b) vote c) politician d) police
3 This is an American political party, not a British one.
a) Labour b) Conservatives c) Liberal Democrats d) Republicans
4 This does not describe the position of a political party.
a) left-wing b) centre c) maximum d) right-wing
5 This person is not elected.
a) 0RIME -INISTER b) Queen c) -EMBER OF 0ARLIAMENT d) 0RESIDENT

THAT’S ENGLISH! 45
Present simple / Present continuous
A Present simple
AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE QUESTIONS SHORT ANSWERS

We don’t have Do you commute to work? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.


I / you / we / they I cycle to work. breakfast at home. When do you start work?

Does he travel a lot? Yes, he does. /


He / she / it She gets up at six. He doesn’t drive. No, he doesn’t.
Where does she live?

s 2ECUERDA LAS REGLAS ORTOGRÉlCAS DE LA TERMINACIØN -s Š PERSONA DE SINGULAR 


most verbs fi -s -s, -sh, -ch, -x fi -es -o fi -es consonant + y fi -ies
drink – drinks eat – eats kiss – kisses finish – finishes go – goes fly – flies try – tries
play – plays teach – teaches mix – mixes do – does

s 5SAMOS EL present simple PARA HABLAR DE HÉBITOS Y RUTINAS QUE SUCEDEN CONTINUA O REGULARMENTE
I work for a food company.
I play volleyball for the company team every Sunday morning.
s 4AMBIÏN USAMOS EL present simple PARA HECHOS QUE SON SIEMPRE CIERTOS
hVERDADES UNIVERSALESv 
Oil floats on water. The Sun rises in the east. Water boils at
100º. The water is
s %XPRESIONES DE TIEMPO CON EL present simple INTRODUCIDAS POR boiling now. Put the
PREPOSICIONES (on Sunday, at 3 o’clock, in the morning) ADVERBIOS DE spaghetti in.
FRECUENCIA (always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, never…) Y OTRAS
EXPRESIONES DE FRECUENCIA (every day, twice a month, three times a year).
I go to the pub with my friends once a week. We usually meet on
Saturdays at about 9:00, and I’m never late.
Raymond and Lily meet every weekend, on Sunday afternoon.
They hardly ever park their car in the street in the evenings.
2ECUERDA COLOCA LOS ADVERBIOS DE FRECUENCIA DELANTE DEL VERBO PRINCIPAL PERO DETRÉS DEL VERBO to be

B Present continuous
AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE QUESTIONS SHORT ANSWERS
I’m having some coffee. I’m not feeling well. Are you going home? Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.
I / you / we / they
We’re doing homework. You aren’t listening. Why am I feeling so tired?
He / she / it She’s listening to music. He isn’t talking. Is she waiting? Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.

s 2ECUERDA LAS REGLAS ORTOGRÉlCAS DE -ing SEGÞN LA TERMINACIØN DEL INlNITIVO


work – working cry – crying
LA MAYORÓA DE VERBOS + -ing
do – doing
CONSONANTE -e PIERDEN LA -e -ing come – coming write – writing
UNA VOCAL ACENTUADA UNA CONSONANTE DOBLAN LA CONSONANTE -ing get – getting prefer – preferring
-ie -ie CAMBIA A -y -ing lie – lying die – dying

s #ON EL present continuous HABLAMOS DE ALGO QUE ESTÉ SUCEDIENDO EN EL MOMENTO DE HABLAR O EN
LOS DÓAS EN TORNO AL MOMENTO DE HABLAR O DE ALGO QUE SE CONSIDERA TEMPORAL NO HABITUAL
It’s raining now. He’s working very hard these days. He’s living in Cambridge this year.
s %XPRESIONES DE TIEMPO CON EL present continuous (right) now, at the moment, these days, at the
present time.
What are you doing at the moment? – Right now I’m watching a series on TV. These days there
are good shows on.
s %L present continuous NO SE SUELE UTILIZAR CON VERBOS SOBRE PREFERENCIAS Y SENTIMIENTOS (like love
hate want prefer) PENSAMIENTO (know understand believe remember forget think [= have
an opinion]) SENTIDOS (see hear) Y OTROS (need)
Where does Tammy live? – I don’t know and Bill doesn’t remember the address.
Leslie loves fish. Can you cook it for her? – I’m sorry, I don’t see any fish in the fridge.
46 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises
1 Asocia preguntas y respuestas.
1 7HAT DOES YOUR FAMILY USUALLY DO AT #HRISTMAS a ) LOVE IT HERE
2 7HAT ARE YOU DOING RIGHT NOW b 7E HAVE A SPECIAL MEAL IN OUR PARENTS HOUSE
3 !RE YOU A SPORTY PERSON c .OT REALLY4HE HOTEL ISNT VERY NICE AND IT
RAINS EVERY DAY
4 !RE YOU HAVING A GOOD TIME
d )T FREEZES AT  Ž#
5 7HAT DO YOU DO
e 9ES ) DO EXERCISE THREE OR FOUR TIMES A WEEK
6 7HAT DO YOU THINK OF .EW9ORK f )M COOKING LUNCH FOR MY DAUGHTER
7 $OES IT SNOW A LOT IN THE !RCTIC g 9ES ITS VERY COLD THERE
8 7HAT TEMPERATURE DOES WATER FREEZE AT h ) WORK IN A RESTAURANT )M A CHEF

2 Completa las preguntas con los verbos del recuadro en el present simple o el present
continuous.
EAT PREFER WORK LOOK FOR LIKE DO

@7HERE   YOU  AT THE MOMENT @)N A RESTAURANT ON (IGH 3TREET BUT ONLY FOR
THE SUMMER
@  YOU  THE JOB @9ES THE HOURS ARE LONG BUT THE MONEYS NOT BAD
@  YOU  AT THE RESTAURANT @9ES THE FOODS GREAT AND ITS FREE FOR THE STAFF
@7HAT   +ATE  RIGHT NOW @7ELL ITS HER BOYFRIENDS BIRTHDAY TOMORROW
@  SHE  A PRESENT @4HATS RIGHT
@  HE  READING OR WATCHING $6$S @(E LOVES READING ! BOOK IS A GOOD IDEA

3 Algunos verbos de estas frases están en una forma incorrecta. Corrige la parte subrayada
cuando sea necesario.
%XAMPLE *IM USUALLY GETS UP AT  OCLOCK OK
7HAT DO YOU DO AT THE MOMENT are you doing
1 ,OOK AT THAT BOY (E RUNS VERY FAST xxxxxxxxxxxx
2 3UE IS NEVER EATING MEAT 3HES A VEGETARIAN xxxxxxxxxxxx
3 0AUL SOMETIMES GOES TO THE PUB AFTER WORK xxxxxxxxxxxx
4 7HAT ARE YOU USUALLY DOING ON &RIDAY EVENINGS xxxxxxxxxxxx
5 7E CAN GO OUT )T DOESNT RAIN NOW xxxxxxxxxxxx
6 )VE GOT ENOUGH MONEY AT THE MOMENT )M NOT NEEDING ANY MORE xxxxxxxxxxxx
7 (ARRY SAYS HE PREFERS APPLES TO PEARS xxxxxxxxxxx
84HE %NGLISH TEAM DOESNT PLAY VERY WELL THESE DAYS xxxxxxxxxxx

4 Completa con los verbos en el presente simple o el presente continuous.


Hi everybody, I (1) ....... (sit) here at a café on the I (10) ....... (feel) really bored at the
Ramblas in Barcelona. The sun (2) ....... (shine) and it’s moment! My flatmates aren’t here – Joel
quite warm. It’s Monday today and museums here (3) (11) ....... (play) tennis and Tammy (12) .......
....... (not open) on Mondays. Joe (4) ....... (want) to (work) late. Fridays are her busy day – she
visit the cathedral. He (5) ....... (shop) for some shoes (13) ....... (never get) home before 10. I (14) ....... (not
at the moment. He (6) ....... (need) them because his want) to watch TV – there’s nothing good on. I can hear
feet are sore. We (7) ....... (walk) everywhere here. a lot of people in the street – they (15) ....... (have) a
This is a beautiful city. We (8) ....... (not want) to go great time! I (16) ....... (hate) going out alone. I (17) ......
home! How is the weather there? (wait) for a call from Fran but she (18) ....... (usually
(9) ....... it ....... (rain)? stay) at home on Fridays. Please write me a message!
Reply Exit Like · Share

THAT’S ENGLISH! 47
Past simple Past time clauses How long? and For

A Past simple No, I didn’t.


Did you enjoy The police arrested
s 5SAMOS EL past simple PARA HABLAR DE ACCIONES Y the party? me and took me
ACONTECIMIENTOS PASADOS ACABADOS to the zoo!

s ,OS VERBOS REGULARES FORMAN EL past simple A×ADIENDO


-ed AL INlNITIVO ,OS IRREGULARES TIENEN FORMAS DIFERENTES
Sally arrived at the party late but she had a really good time.
She met some interesting people and she danced a lot.
She was really tired when she got home and fell asleep
on the sofa.
She woke up at 5 in the morning and went to bed.

TERMINACIÓN DEL VERBO CAMBIOS ORTOGRÁFICOS EJEMPLOS


-e + -d arrive – arrived live – lived
CONSONANTE -y + -ied DESPUÏS DE LA CONSONANTE copy – copied apply – applied
VOCAL ACENTUADA CONSONANTE CONSONANTE DOBLE -ed (*) drop – dropped prefer – preferred

#OMPARA open SÓLABA lNAL NO ACENTUADA – opened

s 4ODOS LOS VERBOS FORMAN LAS PREGUNTAS Y LAS FRASES NEGATIVAS CON did infinitivo SIN to
Did she arrive early? – Yes, but she left early because she didn’t feel well.
Did she have a good time? – No, she didn’t like the restaurant.

s 2ECUERDA QUE EL past simple DE to be ES I / he / she / it + was; we / you / they + were #ON be NO
USAMOS did EN PREGUNTAS O FRASES NEGATIVAS
Were you at John’s house last night? – No, I wasn’t, but my brothers were there.
s ! MENUDO USAMOS EL past simple CON EXPRESIONES DE TIEMPO COMO yesterday, last, in, ago
I saw Tony in London last week. They got married in 2010. I visited Italy a long time ago.
s #UANDO CONTAMOS UNA HISTORIA EN EL PASADO PODEMOS USAR LAS SIGUIENTES EXPRESIONES one day,
then, next, later, finally, in the end; that evening, the next morning, three days later.
One day, Sally decided to walk to work, but she didn’t know the city and got lost. In the end,
she got a bus. That evening she took a taxi home. The next morning, her feet were very sore!

B Past time clauses with when, after, before


s 5SAMOS when after Y before EN EL PASADO PARA INDICAR CUÉNDO SUCEDIØ ALGO EN RELACIØN A OTRAS
ACCIONES O ACONTECIMIENTOS
C Time periods: How long…? and For + hours, minutes, days, weeks, months, years, etc

The children became excited I felt sad after I watched Melanie bought a guidebook
when they saw the plane. the film -ELANCHOLIA. before she went to Barcelona.

s How long…?  PREGUNTAS SOBRE DURACIØN


s For PERÓODOS DE TIEMPO INDICA LA DURACIØN DE UNA ACCIØN
How long did they stay in Bali? – They stayed there for three weeks.

 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Completa las frases con el past simple de los verbos del recuadro.
START FIND NOT WANT MEET LEAVE HAVE STUDY GET PASS BUY NOT GO FALL
2ICK   HIS DRIVING TEST WHEN HE WAS SEVENTEEN AND HE   HOME WHEN HE WAS EIGHTEEN
BUT HE   TO UNIVERSITY (IS SISTER -ARIE   -ARINE "IOLOGY AT UNIVERSITY AND SHE 
 A JOB IN (AWAII WHEN SHE FINISHED HER DEGREE -ARIE   *AKE ON THE AEROPLANE AND THEY
  IN LOVE AFTER THEY GOT TO (AWAII -ARIE   TO LEAVE (AWAII SO *AKE   A SMALL
FLAT THERE (E AND -ARIE   MARRIED THREE YEARS AGO ,AST YEAR THEY   THEIR FIRST CHILD
AND *AKE   HIS OWN BUSINESS

2 Escribe preguntas y respuestas utilizando expresiones con last … , in … , … ago, for … .


%XAMPLE 3UE  LIVE IN ,ONDON  n 
How long did Sue live in London? - She lived there for two years.
0AUL  MOVE TO -ANCHESTER LAST YEAR
When did Paul move to Manchester? – He moved there last year.
1 +ATE AND !LAN  WORK TOGETHER   xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
2 4HEY  GET MARRIED  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
3 !LAN  WORK IN &RANCE  -ARCH  *UNE xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
4 4HEY  GO TO 6ENICE MONTH xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
5 4HEY  HAVE A BABY TWO YEARS xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

3 Observa la línea temporal y corrige las frases sobre Julie utilizando when, after o before.

 TOOK
 WENT TO UNIVERSITY  A TRIP ROUND  GOT A JOB  BECAME
 STUDIED %CONOMICS  THE WORLD  WITH A SAFARI A PROFESSIONAL
BORN STARTED PLAYING HOCKEY MET 0AUL COMPANY PHOTOGRAPHER

 STARTED  LEFT  MOVED  WENT BACK TO


SCHOOL UNIVERSITY TO 3OUTH %NGLAND  BOUGHT
!FRICA A HOUSE

%XAMPLE *ULIE MET 0AUL WHEN SHE WAS AT UNIVERSITY


Julie didn’t meet Paul when she was at university. She met him after she left university.
1 *ULIE STARTED SCHOOL WHEN SHE WAS FOUR YEARS OLD xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
2 3HE PLAYED HOCKEY BEFORE SHE WENT TO UNIVERSITY xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
3 3HE TOOK A TRIP ROUND THE WORLD AFTER SHE MOVED TO 3OUTH !FRICA xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
4 3HE BOUGHT A HOUSE BEFORE SHE WENT BACK TO %NGLAND xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
5 3HE BECAME A PROFESSIONAL PHOTOGRAPHER WHEN SHE WAS IN 3OUTH !FRICA xxxxxxxxxxx
4 Escribe frases con los elementos de los recuadros.

3ARAH STARTED A JOB AFTER HE WENT INTO THE ARMY


!FTER ) LEFT WITH MY PARENTS ) FINISHED UNIVERSITY
0HIL GOT TO %NGLAND ) WAS 
4HE FIRST TIME ) FELL SCHOOL WHEN SHE WAS 
"EFORE ) WENT IN LOVE ) DIDNT GO OUT EVERY NIGHT
7HEN ) LIVED SCHOOL ) DIDNT SPEAK ANY %NGLISH

%XAMPLE Phil got a job after he finished university.


1 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 4 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
2 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 5 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
3 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

THAT’S ENGLISH! 49
Permission: can can’t may may not Advice: should shouldn’t

A can can’t may may not

No, you
can’t.

May I go
outside?

s 0ODEMOS USAR can Y may PARA EXPRESAR PERMISO May ES MÉS FORMAL QUE can
You can use a dictionary but you can’t talk in the exam.
Can I borrow a pencil, please?
Excuse me sir, may I leave the room, please?
- Yes, you may. MÉS FORMAL / Yes, you can. MÉS INFORMAL
- No, you may not. / No, you can’t.
s 2ECUERDA QUE TAMBIÏN USAMOS can PARA EXPRESAR HABILIDAD Y POSIBILIDAD
Joanna can speak four languages fluently.
Frank can’t come to school today because he’s ill. You should drink
plenty of milk.
B should shouldn’t You shouldn’t go
to bed late.

s 5SAMOS should AND shouldn’t PARA DAR Y PEDIR CONSEJO


What should I do to learn English quickly? - You should practise a lot, you should write new
words in a notebook and you shouldn’t be shy.

C Modal verbs
s Can, may Y should SON modal verbs ,OS modal verbs:
TIENEN LA MISMA FORMA PARA TODAS LAS PERSONAS
VAN SEGUIDOS DEL INFINITIVO SIN to
FORMAN LAS PREGUNTAS COLOCANDO EL VERBO MODAL ANTES DEL SUJETO
FORMAN FRASES NEGATIVAS COLOCANDO not DESPUÏS DEL VERBO MODAL

AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE QUESTIONS


Can Liz can go home early today. You cannot speak on the Can Tina bring a French
PERMISO You can only smoke outside. phone in the cinema. friend to class?
We can’t speak Spanish in Can the students work in
the English class. pairs?
May You may use your mobile Students may not use their May I come in?
PERMISO ;FORMAL= phones now. books during the exam.

Should You should revise every day. You should not worry about Should I listen to English
CONSEJO Greg should pay more making mistakes. radio?
attention in class. Jackie shouldn’t be so shy. Should the baby go to
sleep?

s Cannot Y should not TIENEN FORMAS NEGATIVAS CONTRAÓDAS .O HAY CONTRACCIØN PARA may not.
s ,A FORMA NEGATIVA NO CONTRAÓDA DE can SE ESCRIBE COMO UNA SOLA PALABRA cannot
./ You can not talk in the exam 

 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Escribe las preguntas que hacen los personajes. Usa can o may.
Can I borrow your dictionary, 1 .............................................. 2 ..............................................
please? ..........................................… ..........................................…

BORROW TURN ON TAKE


3 .............................................. 4 .............................................. 5 ..............................................
..........................................… ..........................................… ..........................................…

USE BRING TOUCH

2 Escribe lo que se puede y no se puede hacer según la situación. Usa can / may o cannot /
may not y las expresiones del recuadro.
TAKE PHOTOS PAY CASH BORROW € WEAR JEANS USE A FLASH TOUCH THE PAINTINGS DRINK BEER
WEAR SHORTS BORROW € DRINK WATER LOOK AT THE PAINTINGS PAY WITH A CREDIT CARD

%XAMPLE )N A MUSEUM  You may take photos but you cannot / may not use flash.

1 !T SCHOOL  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

2 )N THIS SHOP  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

3 )N A MUSEUM  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

4 &ROM A FRIEND  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

5 )N CLASS  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
3 Escribe consejos para un estudiante de inglés. Completa las frases con You should o You
shouldn’t y escríbelas en la columna correspondiente.
HAVE A VOCABULARY NOTEBOOK TRY TO LEARN FIVE NEW WORDS EVERY DAY TRY TO SPEAK TOO FAST
BUY A GOOD BILINGUAL DICTIONARY TRY TO MAKE %NGLISH SPEAKING FRIENDS WORRY ABOUT MAKING MISTAKES
WORRY IF YOU DONT UNDERSTAND NATIVE SPEAKERS FORGET TO DO YOUR HOMEWORK
You should have a vocabulary notebook. You shouldn’t worry about making mistakes.
1 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 4 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
2 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 5 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
3 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 6 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
4 Ordena las preguntas y escribe respuestas adecuadas.
%XAMPLE ) WANT TO TAKE PICTURES FOR MY FAMILY ALBUM EXPENSIVE  )  BUY  CAMERA  AN  SHOULD
Should I buy an expensive camera? – No, you shouldn’t.
1 -Y SISTER LOVES ART SHOULD  THE  0RADO -USEUM  VISIT  SHE 
………………………………………………………………………................……………………………………
2 -Y PARENTS DONT LIKE HOT FOOD GO  AN  THEY  )NDIAN  SHOULD  TO  RESTAURANT 
………………………………………………………………………................……………………………………
3 +EITH ISNT GOOD AT LEARNING LANGUAGES TRY  #HINESE  TO  SHOULD  LEARN  HE 
………………………………………………………………………................……………………………………
4 0AULA AND +EN ARE AFRAID OF FLYING THEY  6IETNAM  HONEYMOON  SHOULD  FOR  GO  THEIR  TO 
………………………………………………………………………................……………………………………
5 0ETE LOVES GOOD FOOD AND DRINKING CIDER HOLIDAY  !STURIAS  VISIT  HE  DURING  3PAIN  SHOULD  HIS  IN 
………………………………………………………………………................……………………………………
THAT’S ENGLISH! 
Obligation: must have to Necessity: need to

A must
s 5SAMOS must PARA EXPRESAR OBLIGACIØN s Must ES UN modal verb COMO can, may Y
I have a high temperature and I’m feeling should:
sick. TIENE LA MISMA FORMA PARA TODAS LAS
–You must go to the doctor right now. PERSONAS
Must they leave now? –Yes, they must. VA SEGUIDO DEL INFINITIVO SIN to
EN PREGUNTAS SE COLOCA DELANTE DEL SUJETO
B have to
s 4AMBIÏN PODEMOS USAR have to CUANDO QUEREMOS EXPRESAR OBLIGACIØN
Do I have to take this medicine? It’s disgusting! Do I have
to jump?
–Yes, you do. You have to take it three times a day.
Sandra has to get up at 7:00 a.m. every day.
s 0ARA HACER PREGUNTAS CON have to USAMOS do / does
Does George have to stay in bed? –Yes, he does.
Do we have to eat healthy food? –Yes, you do.
s %N FRASES AFIRMATIVAS Y EN PREGUNTAS PODEMOS USAR have
to O must PERO EN PREGUNTAS NO SE SUELE USAR Must I...? Yes, son,
#ON I SOLEMOS UTILIZAR Do I have to...? you have to.
Do I have to come home early tonight? It’s John’s birthday party.
C need to
s 5SAMOS need to CUANDO HABLAMOS DE UNA ACCIØN QUE ES NECESARIA
My car is giving me problems again. I need to take it to the mechanic.
My daughter is very tired. She really needs to sleep.

Excuse me, I have to


leave the table. Luke
needs to go to
the bathroom.

s &ÓJATE QUE USAMOS do / does CUANDO HACEMOS PREGUNTAS CON need to.
Does the baby need to eat? She looks hungry.
Do you need to use the phone?
s Have to Y need to PUEDEN USARSE EN MUCHOS CASOS PARA EXPRESAR LA MISMA IDEA
I’ve got terrible toothache. I need to / have to go to the dentist.
AFFIRMATIVE QUESTIONS
Must You’ve got a broken leg. You must go to Must we stay at home this evening? There’s
(obligación) hospital. a good concert at the Odeon.
John must go to bed early tonight. He’s got Must Haley leave now? She’s having
an exam tomorrow. a really good time.
Have to Taylor has to wear glasses when she drives. Do you have to travel a lot in your job?
(obligación) I have to work on Saturdays. Does Joey have to take his passport when
he goes to France?
Need to I’m feeling really unfit these days. Do we need to go to the supermarket today?
(necesidad) I need to do more exercise. Does Liz need to buy a new dress for
Kate needs to study if she wants to the wedding?
pass her exams.
*Mustn’t / must not expresan prohibición. Don’t have to / doesn’t have to y don’t need to / doesn’t need to
expresan falta de obligación.

 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Completa las frases con la forma adecuada de must o have to y uno de los verbos del
recuadro. Utiliza tanto must como have to en las frases donde ambos sean posibles.
1 4HEIR LATEST ALBUM IS FANTASTIC9OU xxxxxxxxx IT TAKE
2 @0AULS IN HOSPITAL n @) HATE HOSPITALS xxxxxxxxx AND SEE HIM GO
3 7ILLS GOT PROBLEMS AT SCHOOL 7E xxxxxxxxx HIS TUTOR LISTEN TO
4 *ILL xxxxxx THIS ARTICLE )T CAN GIVE HER INTERESTING IDEAS FOR HER PRESENTATION READ
5 4HE !RCTIC -ONKEYS ARE PLAYING HERE NEXT MONTH 7E xxxxxx SOME TICKETS TALK TO
6 4HE CHILDREN ARE GOING TO &RANCE NEXT WEEK xxxxxxxxx THEIR PASSPORTS GET
2 Relaciona las expresiones con las situaciones y escribe frases con have to.
GET A NEW ONE WASH IT CHANGE YOUR GLASSES MAKE DINNER FOR THE CHILDREN
BUY HER A PRESENT HELP HER WITH HER REVISION GO TO THE DENTIST
%XAMPLE 3ORRY WE CANT GO OUT TONIGHT We have to make dinner for the children.
1 +ATIES GOT AN EXAM TOMORROW 
2 "ILLS GOT TERRIBLE TOOTHACHE 
3 )TS *ENS BIRTHDAY TODAY 
4 ) LOST MY PASSPORT LAST WEEK 
5 4HEIR CAR IS REALLY DIRTY 
6 9OU CANT SEE ANYTHING 
3 Escribe preguntas usando have to o need to con I o we y combinando los verbos y
complementos de los recuadros.
FASTEN PAY SPEAK TAKE A FINE ANTIBIOTICS %NGLISH IN CLASS MY PASSPORT
TAKE TAKE OFF WORK OUR SEATBELTS OUR SHOES THIS AFTERNOON

%XAMPLE Do we have to / Do we need to take off our shoes?


1 …..................................................................... 4 ….....................................................................
2 …..................................................................... 5 ….....................................................................
3 …..................................................................... 6 ….....................................................................
4 Magda quiere reunirse con sus amigos, pero están ocupados. Escribe lo que tienen que
hacer usando must, have to o need to y estos verbos.

1 2 3 BUY FIX HELP CHOOSE


MAKE STUDY PAY TAKE

%XAMPLE Jane needs to buy some shoes.


1 %THAN 
*ANE %THAN %LLIE !NDREW 2 %LLIE xx
4 5 6 7 3 !NDREW 
4 #OLIN 
5 'WEN xxxxxxxxxxxxx
6 *ESS AND -ATT xxxxxxxxxx
#OLIN 'WEN *ESS AND -ATT *ANINE 7 *ANINE xxxxxxxxxxxxx

5 Cada una de estas frases tiene un error. Subráyalo y corrige.


%XAMPLE 9OU MUST TO STAY IN BED WHEN YOU HAVE A TEMPERATURE must stay
1 $O THEY MUST TAKE OFF THEIR SHOES BEFORE THEY COME IN
2 *ANE LIVES OUTSIDE THE CITY SO SHE HAVE TAKE A TRAIN DAILY
3 (AVE YOU TO CARRY YOUR )$ CARD ALWAYS
4 ) CANT COME OUT n ) NEED FINISH MY HOMEWORK
5 7E DONT HAVE ANY TICKETS n NEED WE GET TO THE CINEMA EARLY

THAT’S ENGLISH! 
Questions Time expressions

A Questions
s 2ECUERDA CØMO SE FORMAN LAS PREGUNTAS Y LAS RESPUESTAS CORTAS
QUESTION AUXILIARY
SUBJECT MAIN VERB SHORT ANSWER
WORD VERB
------ Is there ------ a pool in your town? Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t.
------ Are you watching TV at the moment? Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.
Where was your son ------ last night? In the pub.
------ Do your friends like eating Indian food? Yes, they do. / No, they don’t.
What does the price include? Breakfast and dinner.
Where does your teacher come from? Australia.
------ Did your boss enjoy her holiday? Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t.
How much are we going to spend on souvenirs? About £25.
Has got Yes, it has. / No, it hasn’t.
------ the hotel a bar?
Does have Yes, it does. / No, it doesn’t.
When did you arrive? ------ An hour ago.
------ May / Can we take photos here? Yes, you may / can.
No, you may not / can’t.
Why should people learn a foreign language? Because it’s really useful when
they travel.
------ Do we have to wash our hands? Yes, we do. / No, we don’t.
------ Must all customers pay a deposit? Yes, they must.
No, they don’t have to.*

&ALTA DE OBLIGACIØN VÏASE 5NIT 
s Be COMO VERBO PRINCIPAL NO NECESITA AUXILIAR Is he a doctor? – No, he isn’t.
s Have got SOLO SE UTILIZA EN PRESENTE Y SOLAMENTE CON EL SIGNIFICADO DE POSESIØN
s .O SE SUELEN USAR PREPOSICIONES DELANTE DE UNA PARTÓCULA INTERROGATIVA SE COLOCAN AL FINAL DE LA
PREGUNTA
s ,AS RESPUESTAS CORTAS SE UTILIZAN PARA NO REPETIR PALABRAS DE LAS PREGUNTAS
Yes / No QUESTIONS PRONOMBRE AUXILIAR
Are you staying at the Royal? – Yes, we are staying at the Royal. > Yes, we are staying
there. > Yes, we are.
,A RESPUESTA SOLAMENTE CON Yes O No ES MENOS ENFÉTICA
Wh- questions: PODEMOS DAR SOLO LA INFORMACIØN NECESARIA
Where was your son last night? – In the pub.
B Time expressions
s /BSERVA LAS EXPRESIONES DE TIEMPO QUE SE SUELEN USAR CON LOS DIFERENTES TIEMPOS VERBALES
TENSE TIME EXPRESSIONS
Present simple Always > usually > often > sometimes > hardly ever > never*
every day / month / year
on DÓAS DE LA SEMANA  FECHAS
in ESTACIØN  MES
once a / twice a year  week, ETC
in the mornings  afternoons  evenings
Present continuous now, at the moment, right now, these days, at the present time
Past simple yesterday
last week / month / year, ETC
three days ago
in MES  A×O
one day, then, next, in the end, that evening, ETC
Present perfect ever, never
for five months, since January
already, yet
this week, today, in the last two weeks, over the years, ETC
Future: be going to / tonight, this evening, tomorrow morning, on Monday, next Monday / weekend, after
Present continuous the lesson, one day

2ECUERDA QUE LOS ADVERBIOS DE FRECUENCIA SE COLOCAN DELANTE DEL VERBO PRINCIPAL PERO DETRÉS DE to be

 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Subraya las formas correctas en las preguntas.


Anne: 7HAT do you do / are you doing ON YOUR LAPTOP NOW
Joe: )M CHECKING HOW TO GET TO THE +ILLERS CONCERT Have you ever seen / Did you ever seen THEM
Anne: .O ) HAVENT
Joe: You want / Do you want TO COME
Anne: Have you got / Do you have got TICKETS
Joe: 9ES ) GOT THEM THIS MORNING
Anne: 7HAT TIME does it starts? / does it start
Joe: !T NINE
Anne: 'REAT Can Tina come / Can come Tina TOO
Joe: )VE ONLY GOT TWO TICKETS
Anne: /+ DONT WORRY Do we need to / Need we BE THERE EARLY
Joe: .O ) THINK  IS FINE 7HAT TIME do / does YOU HAVE TO BE HOME
Anne: ) CANT STAY OUT AFTER MIDNIGHT Should we / Do we should EAT SOMETHING BEFORE THE CONCERT
Joe: 9ES WE SHOULD Are you going to / Do you go TO BE AT BAND PRACTICE TOMORROW
Anne: 9ES 7E CAN DECIDE WHERE TO MEET TOMORROW
Joe: &INE "YE
2 Phil y Daphne están en una agencia de viajes. Escribe las preguntas que hacen.
%XAMPLES Must we get a visa? 9ES YOU HAVE TO GET A VISA
How can we get to the airport? 9OU CAN GET TO THE AIRPORT BY CAR OR BY BUS
1 7HEN 4HE FLIGHT LEAVES AT MIDDAY
2 $O WE   9ES YOU HAVE TO BE AT THE AIRPORT TWO HOURS BEFORE DEPARTURE
3 (OW MUCH  4HE AIRPORT BUS COSTS  POUNDS
4 7HERE 9OUR HOTEL IS ON #LARE 3TREET IN 3OHO
5 7HEN  )T OPENED LAST YEAR
6 $O THEY  9ES THEY SERVE BREAKFAST
7 #AN )  .O YOU CANT SMOKE IN THE HOTEL
8 7HAT  9OU SHOULD VISIT THE "RITISH -USEUM AND THE .ATIONAL 'ALLERY

3 Escribe las preguntas que un amigo de Phil y Daphne les hace sobre su viaje. Usa el pasado.
%XAMPLE (OW  YOUR TRIP n )T WAS GREAT How was your trip?
1 4HE HOTEL  /+ n9ES IT WAS FINE THOUGH IT WAS A BIT EXPENSIVE 
2 (OW  GET AROUND THE CITY n 7E WALKED A LOT AND WE TOOK THE UNDERGROUND 
3 %NGLISH PEOPLE  FRIENDLY n9ES THEY WERE REALLY NICE 
4 7HERE  HAVE  YOUR MEALS n 7ELL WE HAD BREAKFAST IN THE HOTEL AND WE USUALLY HAD LUNCH IN A
PUB 
5 7HAT  ,ONDONERS  DO  IN THE EVENING n4HEY DONT GO OUT MUCH -OST OF THE PEOPLE IN THE CENTRE
ARE FOREIGNERS 
6 (OW MUCH  THE "RITISH -USEUM  COST n .OTHING )T WAS FREE 
7 7HEN  GET BACK n ,AST NIGHT 
8 "UY ME  A PRESENT n 3ORRY WE DIDNT 
4 Escribe frases con la información de la tabla.

VISIT FAMILY TRAVEL BY PLANE GO ABROAD HAVE A HOLIDAY PLAY TENNIS


0HIL 3 / year 4 / year 5 / year April 2011 1 / month
$APHNE every week 1 / year every day
"RAD AND ,INDA 4 / year hardly ever next month 2 / year every evening

%XAMPLE 0HIL    YEAR Phil visits his family three times a year.
1 0HIL    MONTH  5 $APHNE  EVERY DAY 
2 "RAD AND ,INDA  HAVE A HOLIDAY  TRAVEL BY PLANE 6 0HIL    YEAR 
 7 "RAD AND ,INDA  GO ABROAD 
3 $APHNE    YEAR  
4 "RAD AND ,INDA  PLAY TENNIS  8 0HIL  HAVE A HOLIDAY 
THAT’S ENGLISH! 
What (a)…! How…! Use and omision of the definite article

A What (a)…! How…!

What an
incredible hat!
Yes, it’s the
latest fashion
from Paris.

s 5SAMOS What a / an…! Y How…! PARA EXPRESAR ADMIRACIØN Y HACER EXCLAMACIONES


What a beautiful coat! Where did you get it?
Look! My new dress is ruined. Somebody spilled coffee on it! How terrible!
s 5SAMOS What a / an…! CON NOMBRES EN SINGULAR %L NOMBRE PUEDE IR CON UN ADJETIVO
What a party! It was incredible!
What an amazing shop!
s 4EN EN CUENTA QUE CON NOMBRES EN PLURAL SE OMITE EL ARTÓCULO a/an
What lovely shoes! Are they new?
What friendly people! Do you know them well?
s 5SAMOS How…! CON ADJETIVOS
Jenny invited me to her wedding. - How nice!
Oscar and I are going to Bali in the summer. - How wonderful!

It’s minus
20ºC
in Moscow. How cold! I suppose
Russians are strong
people to live in that
weather.

B Use and omission of the definite article


s 5SAMOS EL ARTÓCULO DEFINIDO the CUANDOx
HABLAMOS DE ALGUIEN O ALGO ANTERIORMENTE MENCIONADO
Sheila bought a top and a skirt yesterday. The top is pink and the skirt is purple.
ESTÉ CLARO A QUIÏN O QUÏ NOS REFERIMOS POR EL CONTEXTO O LA SITUACIØN
I don’t like the salespeople in the new shop on West Street.
I watched the film you liked but I didn’t enjoy it.
s %L ARTÓCULO DEFINIDO ./ SE UTILIZA CON NOMBRES CONTABLES EN PLURAL Y CON INCONTABLES CUANDO NOS
REFERIMOS A ALGO EN GENERAL
I think fashion is really exciting, but good shoes are very expensive.
People say Russians are rude and Germans are cold, but that’s just a cliché – the Russian
people who live next door are very polite, and the German students I’ve met this year are really
friendly.

 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Completa las conversaciones con las palabras y expresiones del recuadro.


BEAUTIFUL A PITY EXCITING AN AWFUL JOB GREAT NEWS

A: ) WAS REALLY NERVOUS ABOUT MY DRIVING TEST BUT )VE PASSED B: 7HAT  
A: 3ORRY BUT ) CANT COME TO YOUR PARTY NEXT WEEKEND ) HAVE TO WORK B: 7HAT  
A: ,OOK AT MY NEW DRESS )M GOING TO WEAR IT FOR *OANNES WEDDING B: (OW  
A: *OHN HAS INVITED ME TO GO ON AN EXPEDITION TO THE !MAZON WITH HIM B: (OW  
A: 3UE SAYS SHE WORKS SEVEN DAYS A WEEK  HOURS A DAY B: 7HAT  

2 Escribe lo que dicen los personajes utilizando How…! o What (a / an)!


%XAMPLE What a terrible smell! / How terrible!

AMAZING DISGUSTING WONDERFUL FANTASTIC BEAUTIFUL


1 2 3 4 5 6

TERRIBLE INCREDIBLE

1  
2  
3  
4 .............................................................................................................................................................. 
5  
6  

3 Elige la alternativa correcta en las siguientes frases.


1 (ARRY HATES exams / the exams BUT Science exam / the Science exams THAT HE HAD YESTERDAY WAS NOT
TOO DIFFICULT
2 -Y SISTER LIKES bright clothes / the bright clothes 3HE THINKS dark clothes / the dark clothes ARE
BORING
3 4HIS IS A GOOD CINEMA Seats / The seats ARE VERY COMFORTABLE AND the tickets / tickets ARE CHEAP
4 -Y FAVOURITE SPORT IS tennis / the tennis Tennis club / The tennis club AT MY SPORTS CENTRE IS
FANTASTIC
5 )TS HARD FOR young people / the young people TO FIND WORK NOWADAYS
6 ) WENT SWIMMING YESTERDAY Water / The water WAS FREEZING
7 *OHN ALWAYS WEARS sunglasses / the sunglasses BECAUSE HE HAS A PROBLEM WITH HIS EYES
8 ) NEVER GO TO ,UIGIS 0IZZAS Food / The food IS EXPENSIVE AND waiters / the waiters ARE REALLY RUDE

4 Completa el texto con el artículo definido the donde sea necesario. Donde no lo sea,
escribe Ø.
/N THE FIRST DAY OF THE SUMMER SALES -ADELEINE TOOK A BUS INTO   CITY CENTRE )T WAS A NICE
DAY AND THERE WERE   PEOPLE EVERYWHERE IN THE STREETS )N THE PARK   CHILDREN PLAYED
HAPPILY AND   DOGS RAN AROUND MADLY 7HEN SHE GOT TO THE CENTRE   SHOPS WERE
FULL -ADELEINE DECIDED TO HAVE A COFFEE BEFORE SHE STARTED SHOPPING 3HE ORDERED A CAPPUCCINO 
 COFFEE WAS DELICIOUS AND   WAITRESS WAS VERY FRIENDLY 7HEN SHE FINISHED -ADELEINE
LEFT   CAFÏ AND WENT INTO HER FAVOURITE SHOP 3HE SAW A BEAUTIFUL PAIR OF SHOES AND A LOVELY
DRESS   SHOES WERE EXPENSIVE BUT   DRESS WAS PERFECT AND -ADELEINE BOUGHT IT
7HAT A LOVELY MORNING

THAT’S ENGLISH! 
Adjectives: comparative and superlative forms
(not) as ... as / less ... than too ... / not ... enough

A Adjectives: comparative and superlative forms


s 5SAMOS LA FORMA COMPARATIVA DEL ADJETIVO PARA COMPARAR UNA COSA PERSONA O ACCIØN CON OTRA
My new flat is quieter than my old one and my new neighbour is more helpful than the one in
my old flat.
s ,A FORMA SUPERLATIVA SE UTILIZA PARA CALIFICAR ALGO O A ALGUIEN QUE MUESTRA UNA CUALIDAD EN SU
MAYOR GRADO DENTRO DE UN GRUPO DE TRES O MÉS PERSONAS COSAS O ACCIONES
I always go to Smartsave. It’s the cheapest supermarket in the area.
Larry is the most honest person I know, but he’s the worst player in the team.
s &ÓJATE CØMO SE FORMA EL COMPARATIVO Y EL SUPERLATIVO DE LOS ADJETIVOS
COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE

cheap cheaper the cheapest


Adjetivos de 1 sílaba thin* thinner the thinnest
nice** nicer the nicest
Adjetivos de 2 sílabas easy easier the easiest
(acabados en –y) heavy heavier the heaviest

• Adjetivos de 2 sílabas boring more boring the most boring


(no acabados en –y) careful more careful the most careful
beautiful more beautiful the most beautiful
• Adjetivos de 3 o más sílabas interesting more interesting the most interesting
good better the best
Adjetivos irregulares bad worse the worst
far farther / further the farthest / furthest

*,OS ADJETIVOS DE  SÓLABA ACABADOS EN UNA VOCAL Y UNA CONSONANTE DOBLAN LA CONSONANTE hot > hotter > the hottest

,OS ADJETIVOS ACABADOS EN CONSONANTE n e A×ADEN n r O n st nice > nicer > the nicest

s 5SAMOS than DESPUÏS DE UN ADJETIVO COMPARATIVO


Reading is cheaper than going to the cinema, but this film is more interesting than my book.
s 5SAMOS the ANTES DE LOS ADJETIVOS SUPERLATIVOS
That’s the nicest dress in the shop, and the most expensive one, too.
B (not) as … as / less … than
s 5SAMOS as … as PARA DECIR QUE DOS PERSONAS O COSAS TIENEN LA MISMA CUALIDAD 3E UTILIZA
not as … as PARA EXPRESAR QUE DOS PERSONAS O COSAS TIENEN UNA CUALIDAD EN UN GRADO DIFERENTE
Veronica is as tall as Harry, and she’s as intelligent as him.
My new flat isn’t as nice as my old one.
s less + adjective + than TAMBIÏN SE UTILIZA PARA DESTACAR UNA DIFERENCIA ENTRE DOS PERSONAS O
COSAS AUNQUE ES MÉS COMÞN USAR not as + adjective + as
Ollie is less experienced than Joe. (= Ollie is not as experienced as Joe.)
Peter’s job is less interesting than Harry’s. (= Peter’s job is not as interesting as Harry’s.)

C too … / (not) … enough


s Usamos too + adjective para decir que una cualidad es excesiva, que es más de lo que
queremos o necesitamos.
They can’t eat this food. It’s too spicy. (It’s very hot, it has a lot of spice in it.)
I can’t hear you. The music is too loud. (It’s very noisy, the volume of the music is very high.)
s adjective + enough se utiliza para decir que algo es suficiente.
Are those shoes big enough?
I’m warm enough so I don´t need a coat.
s not + adjective + enough indica que algo no es suficiente.
I can’t lift this suitcase. I’m not strong enough.
Joe can’t run the marathon. He isn’t fit enough.
 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Compara las personas y objetos usando la forma comparativa + than.


! LEATHER JACKET   ! CARDIGAN  EXPENSIVE  %XAMPLE A leather jacket is more expensive than a cardigan.
1 'EORGE  *O n FRIENDLY 
2 -ERCEDES a   &ORD a  CHEAP 
3 /UR &RENCH TEACHER  /UR %NGLISH TEACHER n PATIENT 
4 +AREN n  -ONICA GOOD 
5 7ILL n  *EAN SOCIABLE 
6 ,ONDON ,IVERPOOL  MILES  ,ONDON %DINBURGH  MILES FAR 
7 .ATHALIE  .AOMI n POLITE 
8 -IKE  2ON n FIT 

2 Utiliza las palabras de los recuadros para escribir frases con el superlative.
*ILL -ADRID !NTARCTICA 5 4HE 3TATUE OF ,IBERTY 4HE #ARIBBEAN -ONT "LANC 2IO DE *ANEIRO 3HAKESPEARE

FAMOUS DANGEROUS FRIENDLY COLD GOOD BIG SUCCESSFUL HIGH DEEP

SEA ROCK BAND CITY GIRL CONTINENT CITY WRITER MOUNTAIN MONUMENT

"RAZIL THE CLASS THE WORLD %UROPE .EW9ORK 3PAIN THE %NGLISH LANGUAGE )RELAND THE WORLD
%XAMPLE Jill is the friendliest girl in the class.
1  5 
2  6 
3  7 
4  8 

3 Escribe las frases con (not) as … as / less … than manteniendo el mismo significado.
%XAMPLE ) AM TALLER THAN MY BROTHER My brother is not as tall as me / My brother is less tall than me.
1 %DINBURGH IS COLD BUT !BERDEEN IS COLDER %DINBURGH xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
2 !NDREW IS THE MOST TALENTED PERSON IN HIS FAMILY !NDREWS BROTHER xxxxxxxxxxxx
3 ! &ERRARI AND A 0ORSCHE ARE EQUALLY FAST ! 0ORSCHE xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
4 2USSIAN IS MORE DIFFICULT THAN &RENCH &RENCH xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
5 #HINESE FOOD IS SPICIER THAN 'ERMAN FOOD 'ERMAN FOOD xxxxxxxxxxx
6 *IM IS  M  CMS TALL (IS GIRLFRIEND IS ALSO  M  CMS TALL *IM xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

4 Escribe dos frases para cada ilustración con los adjetivos del recuadro y too … / not … enough.
CHEAP COLD EASY DIFFICULT SHORT EXPENSIVE TALL HOT LONG

1 2 3 4

%XAMPLE The player is too short. He is not tall enough.


1 4HE COFFEE 
2 4HE EXAM  
3 (IS HAIR  
4 4HE BAG  

THAT’S ENGLISH! 
Be going to + infinitive Present continuous -ing / to + infinitive

A Be going to + infinitive She’s going to


study fashion at
s 5SAMOS be going to INFINITIVO PARA HABLAR DE PLANES FUTUROS college next year.
INTENCIONES Y DECISIONES TOMADAS ANTES DEL MOMENTO DE HABLAR

Frank is worried Are they going to


about his weight. I’m not going to buy a new
He’s going to do eat tonight. I’m not car next year?
more exercise. hungry.

s 2ECUERDA LAS FORMAS DE be going to


AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE QUESTIONS

I am / am not (I’m not) Am I


He  She  It is / is not (isn’t) going to watch TV. Is he / she / it going to watch TV
We  You  They are / are not (aren’t) Are you / we / they

B Present continuous for future arrangements


s 5SAMOS EL present continuous PARA HABLAR DE ACTIVIDADES FUTURAS YA PROGRAMADAS POR EJEMPLO
LAS ACTIVIDADES INCLUIDAS EN UNA AGENDA DE TRABAJO
Jane’s having a party next Saturday. What are you doing tomorrow afternoon?
s (AY UNA LIGERA DIFERENCIA DE SIGNIFICADO ENTRE EL present continuous Y be going to PARA FUTURO
PREFERIMOS present continuous CUANDO MENCIONAMOS EL MOMENTO FUTURO CONCRETO EN QUE
VAMOS A HACER ALGO MIENTRAS QUE CON be going to EXPRESAMOS UNA INTENCIØN SIN NECESIDAD DE
CONCRETAR CUÉNDO REALIZARLA
My brother Paul is coming next Saturday. I’m meeting him at the station.
I’m going to invite Susan to my birthday party.
s .OS REFERIMOS A PLANES DE FUTURO CON present continuous CON EXPRESIONES COMO tonight,
tomorrow afternoon, next week / weekend …, tomorrow morning, on Monday, after the lesson.
I’m seeing Marta tonight. Do you want to come?
s 2ECUERDA QUE EL present continuous TAMBIÏN SE USA PARA HABLAR DE ALGO QUE ESTÉ SUCEDIENDO EN
EL MOMENTO DE HABLAR O EN LOS DÓAS EN TORNO AL MOMENTO DE HABLAR O DE ALGO QUE SE CONSIDERA
TEMPORAL NO HABITUAL 5NIT  

C -ing / to + infinitive
Verbos más comunes
Verbos más comunes Verbos más comunes
seguidos de infinitivo + to o -ing
seguidos de infinitivo + to seguidos de infinitivo + ing
sin casi variación de significado

want, would like, hope, need, plan, • stop, finish, carry on, give up
• start, begin, continue
promise, expect, offer, refuse, • love*, like*, hate*, prefer*
decide, learn, forget, try • love*, like*, hate*, prefer*
enjoy, mind

,OS VERBOS QUE EXPRESAN AGRADO Y DESAGRADO SUELEN IR SEGUIDOS DE ing AUNQUE ALGUNOS (love, like, hate, prefer)
TAMBIÏN PUEDEN IR CON INFINITIVO to

I want to improve my English this year. Ken offered to help me.


Kenny really enjoys riding horses. He doesn’t mind going out in the rain or snow.
I love eating in Italian restaurants. OR I love to eat in Italian restaurants.
She went home when it started to snow. OR She went home when it started snowing.

 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Completa las frases con (not) be going to y uno de los verbos del recuadro.
MAKE WASH BUY WATCH INVITE EAT

1 4HERES AN IMPORTANT GAME ON46 TONIGHT  YOU  IT


2 )TS *ILLS BIRTHDAY TOMORROW 7E  HER A PRESENT AND ,ILY  A BIRTHDAY CAKE
3 ) DONT LIKE +EVIN )  HIM TO THE PARTY
49OUR CARS REALLY DIRTY 7HEN  YOU  IT
54HE FOOD WAS TERRIBLE 7E  IN THAT RESTAURANT AGAIN

2 Lee la agenda de Jenny y corrige las frases.


%XAMPLE *ENNYS MEETING +EN ON4HURSDAY
She isn’t meeting Ken on Thursday. She’s meeting him on Friday.
1 *ENNYS PLAYING TENNIS BEFORE WORK ON -ONDAY
2 3HES HAVING DINNER WITH THE GIRLS ON
7EDNESDAY EVENING Monday PM: :
 Play tennis afte Thursday AM
rw ork Dentist
3 3HES GOING TO THE GYM ON4UESDAY MORNING
Tuesday PM:

Dinner with th Friday PM:
4 3HES SEEING THE DENTIST ON &RIDAY
e girls Meet Ken
:
 Wednesday AM
: Saturday AM
Go to the gym M y p a rt y!
5 3HES HAVING A PARTY ON4HURSDAY

3 Completa los diálogos con la forma correcta
(be going to o present continuous) de los verbos entre paréntesis.
1 *OHN  AT UNIVERSITY NEXT YEAR #LARE STUDY
#LARE9ES ) AM ) TALKED TO MY PARENTS AND THEY THINK ITS A GOOD IDEA
2 0ETE )S *AKE COMING TO THE PARTY TONIGHT
0AUL .O HE ISNT (E  DINNER WITH ,IZZIE HAVE
3 /LIVIA 7HY  &RANKIE  TOMORROW LEAVE
+ATH (E SAYS HE HAS TO GO BACK TO WORK
4 -ARTA 7HAT TIME  YOUR FRIENDS  ARRIVE
,AURA !ROUND SIX

4 Completa las frases con la forma correcta de los verbos del recuadro.
ANSWER TAKE CHECK COME BACK IMPROVE LEARN
SPEAK STAY UNDERSTAND WORK WRITE

1 ) REALLY WANT  MY LISTENING THIS YEAR ) WOULD LIKE  MORE WHEN ) LISTEN TO "RITISH RADIO
2 :OE ENJOYS  %NGLISH BUT SHE DOESNT LIKE  IT ESPECIALLY IF SHE HAS TO WRITE FORMAL LETTERS
3 (ARRY GAVE UP  #HINESE AFTER HE GOT A NEW JOB
4 $AVID FAILED THE TEST BECAUSE HE FORGOT  HIS WORK
5 )RENE IS WORKING IN *APAN AT THE MOMENT BUT SHE HOPES  HOME NEXT YEAR
6 *OE STOPPED  A CAMERA ON HIS TRIPS WHEN HE GOT HIS NEW MOBILE PHONE
7 (IS PARENTS BOUGHT HIM AN I0AD AFTER HE PROMISED  AT UNIVERSITY
84HE POLICE ARRESTED THE MAN BECAUSE HE REFUSED  THEIR QUESTIONS
9 *OHN GETS A GOOD SALARY SO HE DOESNT MIND  HARD

THAT’S ENGLISH! 
Present perfect simple with ever and never
Present perfect simple vs past simple

A Present perfect simple with ever and never Have you ever
been on a
s 5SAMOS EL present perfect PARA HABLAR DE EXPERIENCIAS EN cruise?
SENTIDO GENERAL
Have you been to China? IN YOUR LIFE
I’ve been to Vietnam and Thailand, but I haven’t been to China.
) STILL REMEMBER 6IETNAM AND4HAILAND No, I
haven’t…
Has your sister seen the latest Angelina Jolie film? AT ANY TIME and I don’t
UP TO NOW want to!
Yes, she has. She’s seen it twice.

s &ORMAMOS EL present perfect CON have / has Y EL PARTICIPIO DEL


VERBO

AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE
have not
I You  We  They have (‘ve) I  You  We  They (haven’t)
visited Paris. visited Paris.
has not
He  She  It has (’s) He  She  It (hasn’t)

QUESTIONS
Yes, have.
Have I  you  we  they I / you / we / they
No, haven’t.
visited Paris?
Yes, has.
Has he  she  it he / she / it
No, hasn’t.

s ,A MAYORÓA DE VERBOS FORMAN EL PARTICIPIO A×ADIENDO -ed ,OS VERBOS IRREGULARES TIENEN FORMAS DE
PARTICIPIO DIFERENTES 6ÏASE LISTA DE PARTICIPIOS IRREGULARES EN PÉG  DEL ,IBRO DEL !LUMNO 
Juliet has travelled to many places but she has never flown in a plane.
s ! MENUDO USAMOS LOS ADVERBIOS ever Y never CUANDO USAMOS EL present perfect simple PARA
HABLAR DE EXPERIENCIAS 5SAMOS ever EN PREGUNTAS Y never PARA HABLAR DE LO QUE NO HEMOS
HECHO /BSERVA QUE ESOS ADVERBIOS VAN DELANTE DEL VERBO PRINCIPAL
Have you ever eaten snake? - No, I haven’t. I’ve eaten snails but I’ve never eaten snake.
Has Mike ever danced samba? - No, he hasn’t. He’s danced merengue but he’s never danced
samba.
s 4EN CUIDADO CON been Y gone
Have you ever been to the United States? EXPERIENCIA AHORA NO ESTÉS EN %%55
They’ve gone to work in the USA. RESULTADO PRESENTE ESTÉN ALLÓ AHORA Y NO HAN REGRESADO AÞN

B Present perfect simple vs past simple


s 5SAMOS EL present perfect simple PARA HABLAR DE EXPERIENCIAS EN GENERAL PERO USAMOS EL past
simple PARA PREGUNTAR Y HABLAR SOBRE UN MOMENTO CONCRETO
Has she ever been to Japan? - Yes, she has.
When did she go? - She went there last year.
Joanne has lived in three different cities in Spain. She moved to Madrid last month.

 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Relaciona los verbos y las expresiones y escribe frases sobre la vida de Bear Grylls con el
present perfect simple.

CLIMB GO HAVE DINNER MANY BOOKS 3 IN *APAN 7 INTO SPACE 7


EAT WRITE SAIL ON46 MANY TIMES 3 -OUNT %VEREST 3 SNAKE 3
APPEAR LIVE WITH THE 1UEEN 7 ROUND THE WORLD ALONE 7

%XAMPLE He has climbed Mount Everest. He has never had dinner with the Queen.
1  4 
2  5 
3  6 
2 Observa las ilustraciones y escribe preguntas con Have you ever…? y los verbos dados.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

BREAK DRIVE EAT FLY GO GO SKIING MEET PLAY RIDE


%XAMPLE Have you ever been to Paris?
1  5 
2  6 
3  7 
4  8 
3 Completa las frases con el past simple o el present perfect simple de los verbos entre
paréntesis.
1 MY GIRLFRIEND IS A TRAVEL AGENT 3HE  VISIT MANY DIFFERENT COUNTRIES
2 ,AST YEAR SHE  GO TO 3OUTH !FRICA FOR THE FIRST TIME
3  YOU EVER  SEE A FILM WITH -ARLON "RANDO
4 9ES )  WATCH The Godfather FOUR TIMES WHEN ) WAS YOUNG )TS FANTASTIC
5 -Y WIFES A REALLY GOOD TENNIS PLAYER BUT )  NEVER PLAY )M NOT VERY SPORTY
6 7E USUALLY SEE *IM AND HIS WIFE AT THE PUB ON 3ATURDAYS BUT LAST WEEK THEY  NOT COME 
7 3HES A TEACHER NOW BUT SHE  WORK AS AN INTERPRETER FOR MANY YEARS
8 (E  WRITE LOTS OF BOOKS ,AST YEAR HE  WIN AN IMPORTANT PRIZE
4 Lee las siguientes entradas del diario de Pearl y responde las preguntas del entrevistador.
En caso de respuesta positiva, añade la información adicional.

June 21: Flew to Paris today. Had snails and a delicious steak in the Tour d’Argent.
July 10: Went to the premiere of the latest James Bond film. Met Daniel Craig. He’s gorgeous!
November 27: Disaster! I was skiing in Switzerland yesterday and fell and broke my arm! Oh no!
December 12: My Rolls Royce has broken down so I can’t go shopping. I can’t walk and I never take
public transport! I never have. I hate it!
%XAMPLE (AVE YOU EVER EATEN PAELLA Yes, I have. I ate it last year in Valencia.
Interviewer: (ELLO 0EARL )TS LOVELY TO TALK TO YOU Pearl: (ELLO
Int: .OW 0EARL CAN YOU TELL OUR READERSx
(AVE YOU EVER VISITED A FOREIGN COUNTRY P: 
Int: !ND HAVE YOU EVER MET A FAMOUS PERSON P: 
Int: (AVE YOU EVER EATEN A WONDERFUL MEAL P: 
Int: (AVE YOU EVER HAD AN ACCIDENT P: 
Int: /NE LAST QUESTION 0EARL (AVE YOU EVER
TRAVELLED ON PUBLIC TRANSPORT P: 

THAT’S ENGLISH! 
Present perfect simple with for, since, already, yet

Nice house! Thanks! I’ve


A Present perfect simple with for and since How long have lived here
you lived there? since I was
born!

s 5SAMOS EL present perfect simple CON for O since PARA REFERIRNOS A LA DURACIØN DE UNA ACTIVIDAD
O SITUACIØN QUE COMENZØ EN EL PASADO Y CONTINÞA EN EL PRESENTE
Sally has been unemployed since last March.
She has known Dave for two years.
s 5SAMOS since CUANDO INDICAMOS EL MOMENTO EN EL QUE COMENZØ LA SITUACIØN O ACTIVIDAD since
IMPLICA SIEMPRE ixHASTA AHORAw #ON for NOS REFERIMOS AL PERÓODO DE DURACIØN CUANDO SE
UTILIZA CON EL present perfect, for IMPLICA TAMBIÏN ixHASTA AHORAw
since Monday = for four days TODAY IS &RIDAY
since last week = for one week
since 1998 = for fifteen years NOW ITS 
since my accident = for seven months ) HAD AN ACCIDENT IN -ARCH AND ITS .OVEMBER NOW

Karen has lived in London since she got married. She has lived there for three months.
s 5SAMOS How long…? PARA PREGUNTAR POR LA DURACIØN DE UNA SITUACIØN O UNA ACTIVIDAD
How long have Jake and Karen been married? —They’ve been married for three months / since
last June.

B Present perfect simple with already and yet


F I N I S H .OT yet!

)VE already
lNISHED 7HAT
ABOUT YOU

s 5SAMOS EL present perfect simple CON already CUANDO ALGO YA HA SUCEDIDO ANTES DE AHORA O
ANTES DE LO ESPERADO  Already VA DELANTE DE LA FORMA DE PARTICIPIO DEL VERBO
Can I speak to Mr Harris, please? - Sorry, he’s already left the office.
Hurry up, the meeting has already started.
Is John working on the report? - No, he’s already finished it.
s 5SAMOS EL present perfect simple CON yet PARA PREGUNTAR SI ALGO YA HA SUCEDIDO ANTES DE
AHORA O PARA PREGUNTAR POR ALGO QUE ESTAMOS ESPERANDO QUE SUCEDA Yet VA AL FINAL DE LA
PREGUNTA
Have you had lunch yet?
Has Sam started his new job yet?
Have our visitors arrived yet?
s #UANDO ALGO QUE ESTAMOS ESPERANDO QUE SUCEDA AÞN NO HA OCURRIDO HASTA EL MOMENTO DE
HABLAR USAMOS yet CON EL VERBO EN NEGATIVA not…yet Yet VA AL FINAL DE LA FRASE
Is the director here? - No, she hasn’t arrived yet.
When do you have your interview? - I don’t know. They haven’t contacted me yet.
How’s your new boss? - I haven’t met him yet.

64 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Completa las frases con for o since.


1 $ANIEL AND HIS WIFE HAVE LIVED IN 3PAIN  FOUR YEARS
2 *EAN LEFT UNIVERSITY IN  3HE HAS BEEN A TEACHER  THEN
3 ) DONT KNOW WHERE THE BOSS IS ) HAVENT SEEN HIM  YESTERDAY
44HE COMPANY HAS OPERATED HERE  OVER TWENTY YEARS
5 2OSIE HAS BEEN ILL  SHE CAME BACK FROM )NDIA
6 &RANK HAS KNOWN *IM  A LONG TIME
2 Usa las pautas dadas para escribir preguntas con How long…? y respuestas con for o since.
%XAMPLE $AVID  WORK THERE n THREE YEARS
How long has David worked there? He’s worked there for three years.
1 3UE AND 'EORGE  BE WORKMATES n LAST -AY

2 0ATRICK  LIVE IN &RANCE n TEN YEARS

3 *ULIE  LIKE ROCK MUSIC n SHE WAS A CHILD

4 YOU  HAVE THOSE SHOES n TWO WEEKS

5 2ORY  KNOW #ARMEN n THEY WERE AT UNIVERSITY

3 Completa las frases con already y el present perfect.
%XAMPLE @7HEN IS4OM LEAVING @(ES already left
1 @7HEN IS -ARK GOING TO DO HIS HOMEWORK @(E  
2 @7OULD YOU LIKE A COFFEE  @.O THANKS )  
3 @!RE THEY GOING TO WATCH THE NEW "RAD 0ITT FILM TONIGHT  @.O THEY  
4 @7HEN IS ,INDA GOING TO BUY THE PRESENTS  @3HE  
5 @$ONT FORGET TO WASH THE DISHES @)  
4 Ann acaba de empezar la universidad y está hablando por teléfono con su madre. Escribe
las preguntas que su madre le hace y las respuestas de Ann. Usa already, yet y not yet.
Example: Mother: make any friends? Mother: Have you made any friends yet?
Ann: (3) Yes, I’ve already made some friends. Ann: (7) No, I haven’t made any friends yet.
1 - MEET YOUR TUTOR  ! 7 
2 - HAVE YOUR FIRST CLASS  ! 3 
3 - BUY A NEW COMPUTER  ! 3 
4 - WRITE A LETTER TO 'RAN  ! 7 
5 - GET YOUR STUDENT CARD  ! 7 
5 Escribe lo que los personajes no han hecho todavía. Usa los verbos del recuadro.
1 2 3 4 5

SELL FINISH START PLAYING TAKE OFF WAKE UP WASH

%XAMPLE She hasn’t washed the dishes yet.


1  4 
2  5 
3 

THAT’S ENGLISH! 
Used to Mustn’t Don’t need to / don’t have to

A Used to

I used to be tall and fat.

AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE


Hábitos pasados que ya I used to swim in the My friend Bill didn’t use Did you use to go to
no se tienen sea every day when I to like seafood but he clubs when you lived in
lived in Mallorca. likes it now. Mallorca?
(I don’t swim in the sea now.)

Acciones aisladas I saw John in the We didn’t go to Keith’s Did you close the door
en el pasado supermarket yesterday. party last Saturday. when you left the
(I saw him once at a specific house?
time in a specific place.)

Situaciones y hábitos She goes to the They don’t usually get What time do you
en el presente supermarket every up early at the normally finish work?
Sunday. weekends.

• A menudo, formamos la negativa de used to con never.


She never used to have many friends but she’s very popular now.

• Cuando hablamos de situaciones y hábitos en el presente, usamos el present simple y


adverbios de frecuencia.
She walks in the park every Sunday.

• Cuando hablamos de una sola acción en el pasado, usamos el past simple. Solo usamos
used to cuando hablamos de acciones que se repiten.
I met John in the park yesterday. (I met him once.)
I used to meet John in the park. (I met him many times.)

B Mustn’t

s Usamos mustn’t + infinitive cuando hablamos de acciones que están prohibidas.


You mustn’t smoke in here.
You mustn’t bring food into the library.

C Don’t need to / don’t have to

s Cuando nos referimos a una acción que no es necesaria, usamos don’t / doesn’t need to o
don’t / doesn’t have to.
You don’t need to lock the door when you go out. (You can lock it if you want, but it isn’t
necessary.)
She doesn’t have to make her bed. (She can make it if she wants, but it isn’t necessary.)

s #OMPARA ESTAS FRASES


You mustn’t park the car in the street. (Because the police will give you a fine.)
You don’t have to / don’t need to park the car in the street. (Because we’ve got a garage.)

66 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Elige las expresiones adecuadas y escribe frases con used to.


1 2

3 4 5

argue a lot eat unhealthy food go out a lot a hippy play rugby watch horror films
Example: He used to be a hippy. 3 ...........................................................................
1 ........................................................................... 4 ...........................................................................
2 ........................................................................... 5 ...........................................................................

2 Completa las frases con un verbo en present simple o con used to.
1 Jim never .................... to classical music, but now he listens to it a lot.
2 Do you read much? No, I .................... a book every week, but I don’t have time now.
3 .................... to the cinema at the weekends? No, we prefer to go during the week.
4 .................... in France? Yes, we lived there for three years. It was great.
5 I .................... red wine, but now I prefer it to white.
6 Gordon is learning Spanish because he .................... to Ibiza for his holidays every year.
7 Do you do yoga? I .................... it but I do now. I really enjoy it.
8 .................... ? Yes, but I stopped last year. Cigarettes are so expensive.

3 Relaciona los carteles con las expresiones del recuadro y escribe frases con mustn’t.
1 2 3 4 5

park here walk on the grass use your mobile phone


take glass into the pool area bring dogs here use this gate
Example: You mustn’t walk on the grass. 3 ...........................................................................
1 ........................................................................... 4 ...........................................................................
2 ........................................................................... 5 ...........................................................................

4 Completa las frases con don’t need to / don’t have to o mustn’t.


1 Teachers in most schools ..................... wear a uniform.
2 You ..................... drop litter in the street in Singapore. It’s illegal.
3 We ..................... leave yet. We’ve got lots of time.
4 You ..................... ask Jim for his number. I’ve got it already.
5 You ..................... drive too fast or the police will give you a fine.
6 The restaurant is never full. We ..................... book a table.
7 Budget airlines are very strict. You ..................... carry more than 10 kilos of hand luggage.
8 You ..................... wear sunglasses most of the time in Scotland.

THAT’S ENGLISH! 67
If – sentences type I So … that

A If – sentences type I
If I get up late, I
won’t have any
breakfast!

s ,AS ORACIONES CONDICIONALES CON if expresan situaciones o acciones hipotéticas. Usamos if +


present simple, will + infinitive para referirnos a una condición posible con un resultado probable
EN EL FUTURO ,A SITUACIØN O LA ACCIØN SEGURAMENTE SE CUMPLIRÉ SI SE DA LA CONDICIØN EXPRESADA EN
la frase con if.
If you come to the cinema, I’ll see you there.
If she doesn’t cut her hair, she won’t get the job.
- Usamos If + present simple, present simple para referirnos a situaciones o acciones que
son siempre o normalmente ciertas.
If companies want to sell cars, they use attractive models in their advertisements.
If you heat water to 100 degrees centigrade, it boils.
- Usamos If + present simple, imperative cuando queremos dar órdenes o consejos.
If I’m late, don’t wait for me.
If you want to learn English quickly, study every day.
,A ORACIØN CON if puede ir antes o después de la oración principal. Cuando va antes,
separamos las dos oraciones con una coma. Cuando va después, no usamos coma.
If we don’t leave soon, we’ll be late.
We’ll be late if we don’t leave soon.
s /BSERVA LAS FORMAS PARA ORACIONES AFIRMATIVAS NEGATIVAS Y PREGUNTAS
If + present simple S + will / won’t + infinitive
If I pass my exams, I’ll go on holiday.
If you don’t leave now, you will be late for work.
If she goes to bed early, she won’t feel tired tomorrow.

Question word will + S + infinitive if + present simple Short answers


Where will you study if you go to university? --
What will they do if people don’t like the --
advert?

-- Will you visit us if you have time? — Yes, I will.


— No, I won’t.

B So … that
s 5SAMOS so + adjective + that seguido de oración para hablar de resultados o consecuencias.
So enfatiza el adjetivo al que acompaña y la oración
introducida por that expresa una consecuencia de la
situación resaltada por so.
I was so tired that I went to bed immediately.
The advertisement was so funny that we started
laughing.
She is so ambitious that she will be very
successful.

68 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Elige la forma correcta de los verbos.


1 If we (walk / will walk) quickly, we (catch / will catch) the bus.
2 John (doesn’t / won’t) have any money if he (buys / will buy) a new Mercedes.
3 What (will happen / happens) if I (will try / try) to take his photograph?
4 If they (increase / will increase) the prices, we (don’t / won’t) go back to that restaurant.
5 If David (doesn’t / won’t) say that he is sorry, don’t go out with him again.
6 (Will / Does) Cathy come to the cinema with me if I (will ask / ask) her?
2 Escribe frases con las pautas dadas.
Example: If she / see / Wayne / she / give him the book
If she sees Wayne, she’ll give him the book.
1 If Joe / have enough money / he / buy a new camera ……….........………..……………………………..
2 Don’t go to the beach tomorrow / if it / rain ………………………..……………………………..….………
3 You / lend me some money / if I / pay you back this week?………………………………..………...……
4 If the restaurant / be full / we / go to a different one …………………………………………..……...……
5 If Ted / not feel well / he / not come with us this evening ………………………………..………..........…
6 You / not pass your exam / if you / not work harder……………..……………………………..……..……
7 If the children / be hungry / we / have lunch now ………………………………..………......................…
3 Vuelve a escribir las frases utilizando so ... that.
Example: Harry was very angry. He couldn’t speak. Harry was so angry that he couldn’t speak.
1 Jane was very tired. She slept for twelve hours. …………………………………………………………...
2 The exam was very long. The students couldn’t finish it. ..…………………………………………..…....
3 The weather was very hot. They spent all day on the beach. .……………………………….……….…...
4 The drink was delicious. Frank had another glass. ………………………………………………………....
5 The hotel was very expensive. Nobody stayed there. ……………………………………………………..
6 Their new car was very big. It didn’t fit in the garage. …………………………...…..…………………...
7 The film was very long. We left before the end. …………………..…………………….………………......
8 She was very talented. The company offered her a job. ………………………………………….………..

4 Fijándote en los dibujos y seleccionando verbos del recuadro, completa las frases con la
forma correcta de los verbos.

come feel get have miss rain

stay in bed / go to the cinema 1 go to a restaurant / make a 2 watch TV / go for a walk


If it rains tomorrow, I will sandwich If I ................. bored today, I
stay in bed or I will go to the If I ................. hungry later, I .................. or I ...................
cinema. .................. or I ...................

3 make a cake / buy some wine 4 do housework / go to the gym 5 take a taxi / go on foot
If friends ...................... over If I ................. time at If we ................. the bus, we
tonight, I .................. the weekend, I .................. .................. or we ...................
or I ................... or I ...................

THAT’S ENGLISH! 69
Agreeing and disagreeing Word order

A Agreeing and disagreeing


I love
s -ISMA OPINIØN O SITUACIØN 5SAMOS reading.
Me too para mostrar acuerdo con un I don’t.
comentario afirmativo hecho por otra
persona y Me neither para mostrar
acuerdo con un comentario negativo.
I really like the British sense of humour. +
– Me too. +
I don’t like jokes about women. –
– Me neither. –
s /PINIØN O SITUACIØN DIFERENTE 0ARA MOSTRAR DESACUERDO CON UN COMENTARIO POSITIVO EN EL
present simple, usamos I don’t 0ARA MOSTRAR DESACUERDO CON UN COMENTARIO NEGATIVO USAMOS
I do.
I think the Marx brothers are really funny. + – I don’t. –
I don’t like Bob’s jokes. – – I do + . I think they’re very amusing.

s #AMBIAMOS EL AUXILIAR A AFIRMATIVA O NEGATIVA PARA CONTRASTAR CON EL VERBO QUE EXPRESA LA IDEA
con la que no estamos de acuerdo.
I’m not very interested in comic books. – I am. I love them.
I didn’t enjoy the film at all. – I did. I thought it was great.
Look! I can see the North Star! – I can’t. I can only see the Moon.
They’ve won the cup! – No, they haven’t. The game isn’t over yet.
s /BSERVA LAS FORMAS

Acuerdo o coincidencia + - + / – - – Desacuerdo o falta de coincidencia + - – / – - +


I love Lady Gaga. – Me too. I love Lady Gaga. – I don’t.
I don’t like Madonna. – Me neither. She doesn’t like Madonna. – I do.
I enjoyed the meal. – Me too. I enjoyed the meal. – I didn’t.
They didn’t like the wine. – Me neither. I didn’t like the wine. – I did.
I’ve been to Paris. – Me too. I’ve been to Paris. – I haven’t.
I haven’t been to Rome. – Me neither. I haven’t been to Rome. – I have.
John can play the guitar. – Me too. I can play the guitar. – I can’t.
I can’t play the violin. – Me neither. I can’t play the violin. – My brother can.

B Word order with two objects


s !LGUNos verbos en inglés tienen dos complementos. Uno es directo y otro indirecto.
Can you pass me the salt, please?
En este ejemplo, the salt es el complemento directo y me es el complemento indirecto. También
podemos decir: Can you pass the salt to me, please?
s /TROS VERBOS QUE USAN to delante del complemento indirecto son: give, take, send, lend, sell,
bring, tell, pay.
I’m going to send John an email. / I’m going to send an email to John.
Karen gave Jim her old computer. / Karen gave her old computer to Jim.
s #ON DETERMINADOS VERBOS USAMOS for en lugar de to: buy, bring, make, cook, keep, choose, find,
save.
I bought Jack a present. / I bought a present for Jack.
She made her father a birthday card. / She made a birthday card for her father.
Lee cooked Margaret a surprise meal. / Lee cooked a surprise meal for Margaret.

70 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Completa las conversaciones con Me too o Me neither.


I love
Charles I don’t want
any dessert, ......... .........
Chaplin.
thank you.
1 ......... 2 3 4 5

......... .........
I don’t
I don’t I think understand
like the he is Chinese.
rain. fantastic.

2 Completa las frases de modo que el segundo hablante exprese desacuerdo con el primero.
1 ‘I think Jill is really intelligent.’ ‘..................... . I think she’s rather stupid.’
2 ‘I love old films on TV.’ ‘..................... . I think they’re boring.’
3 ‘I didn’t enjoy that meal at all.’ ‘..................... . We thought it was delicious.’
4 ‘I wasn’t at the concert last night.’ ‘..................... . It was really good.’
5 ‘I’m not going to Ida’s party tomorrow.’ ‘..................... . I’m looking forward to it.’
6 ‘I can’t swim.’ ‘..................... . I learned when I was a child.’
7 ‘I don’t think they’ll win the cup.’ ‘..................... . They’re playing very well.’
8 ‘I’ve seen all of BrAD 0ITTS FILMS @..................... . I’ve only seen one.’
3 Ordena las palabras.
1 girlfriend email He an sent his. ………………………….…………………….
2 birthday her bought expensive mother present an She. .……………………………………………….
3 I my to car Kevin sold old. ………………………………………………..
4 cooked They a meal grandmother lovely their for. ………………………………………………..
5 beautiful We a gave necklace Jane. ………………………………………………..
6 new Victoria dress chose her daughter for a. ………………………………………………..
4 Vuelve a escribir las frases manteniendo el mismo significado.
Example: Helen made a birthday cake for her mother. Helen made her mother a birthday cake.
1 Colin bought Stella a nice present. ……………………………………………….
2 ,INDA COOKED A SPECIAL DINNER FOR 2ON ON HIS BIRTHDAY xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
3 I passed the wine to John. ……………………………………………….
4 Val lent Norman her car last night. ……………………………………………….
5 ) BROUGHT ,ILY SOME FLOWERS WHEN SHE WAS IN HOSPITAL xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
6 7E GAVE THE KEYS TO 0AUL BEFORE WE LEFT THE HOUSE xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
7 I sent Zoe a text message but she didn’t get it. ……………………………………………….
8 Keith maDE ROAST BEEF FOR 0AM BUT SHES A VEGETARIAN xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
5 Combina elementos de cada columna para hacer frases. Tienes que cambiar el tiempo de
los verbos. Hay varias respuestas posibles.
I bring Nicholas a watch for his birthday.
Jake lend a cake a nice bottle of wine.
The children buy us for their grandmother.
(ELEN MAKE 0ETER SOME MONEY
Dan send my father a funny story.
Irene tell some flowers to his girlfriend.
Example: I bought my father a watch for his birthday.
1 …………………………………………….. 4 ………………………………………………
2 …………………………………………….. 5 ………………………………………………
3 ……………………………………………..

THAT’S ENGLISH! 71
Defining relative clauses Prefer

A Defining relative clauses with who, which, that as a subject

Look! That’s the


actor who plays
James Bond!

s 5TILIZAMOS LAS ORACIONES ESPECIFICATIVAS DE RELATIVO CON who, which y that para identificar a la
persona o cosa de la que estamos hablando. Usamos who para referirnos a una persona, which
para referirnos a una cosa y that para ambos.
I admire singers who write their own songs. Look! That’s the
girl that lives
o next door!
I admire singers that write their own songs.
We saw a piano which belonged to Beethoven.
o Oh! The girl
We saw a piano that belonged to Beethoven. who plays the
trumpet?
Con frecuencia usamos that en lugar de which,
especialmente cuando hablamos. También se
puede usar that en lugar de who, pero no es
tan común.

s %L PRONOMBRE RELATIVO VA INMEDIATAMENTE DETRÉS DE LA PERSONA O COSA A LA QUE SE REFIERE %N


estas oraciones, el relativo actúa como nexo y es al mismo tiempo el sujeto de la subordinada.
I like festivals which / that last for several days.
./ I like festivals which / that they last for several days.)

B Prefer
Yes, I know you
prefer eating junk
food to eating
Dad! Broccoli healthy food! Well, I prefer to
again? You eat healthy food,
know I prefer but I don’t like
hamburgers! broccoli!

s #UANDO EXPRESAMOS PREFERENCIA POR UNA ACTIVIDAD USAMOS prefer + -ing o prefer + to + infinitivo.
I don’t like going to concerts. I prefer to listen / prefer listening to music at home.
My dad hates wearing a suit and tie. He prefers to wear / prefers wearing jeans and a T-shirt.

s #UANDO EXPRESAMOS PREFERENCIA POR UNA COSA O PERSONA USAMOS prefer + sustantivo (+ to +
sustantivo).
I prefer rock music (to classical music).
My brother prefers Lilly Allen (to Adele).
We prefer seeing a film in the cinema (to watching it on TV).
72 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Relaciona las dos partes de las frases.


1 +EITH 2ICHARDS IS A GUITARIST a which is really good.
2 Jazz is a style of music b who liked punk.
3 I used to have a girlfriend c which are sometimes about New York.
4 I’ve just heard a new album d who plays in a famous rock band.
5 Bruce Springsteen writes songs e who took pictures of musicians.
6 Jim Marshall was a photographer f which comes from the United States.

2 Une las frases con who, which o that y haz los cambios necesarios.
%XAMPLE 2EGGAE IS A MUSICAL STYLE )T BEGAN IN *AMAICA Reggae is a musical style which / that
began in Jamaica.
1 ,ANA DEL 2EY IS A SINGER 3HE FIRST BECAME FAMOUS ON THE )NTERNET xxxxxxxxxxxxx
2 I have a friend. He is a big fan of Bono and U2. ...........…….………………………………………………
3 My brother has bought a guitar. It cost a thousand pounds. ......…………………………………………
4 Joey’s hobby is collecting records. The records are from the 1950’s. .......………………………………
5 We have a new French teacher. She comes from Toulouse. ........…………………………………………
6 My parents gave me some new speakers. They sound really great. ....…………………………………
7 Kelly has a girlfriend. She plays in a rock band. ..........................…………………………………………
3 Combina la información y escribe definiciones con who o which.
Mick Jagger A MUSICAL STYLE INVENTED THE I0AD
The Titanic A RACING DRIVER PLAYS FOR 2EAL -ADRID
#RISTIANO 2ONALDO THE COMPUTER COMPANY PLAYED ,ARA #ROFT
Hip hop a footballer SINGS WITH4HE 2OLLING 3TONES
Apple a rock star sank in 1912.
Angelina Jolie a ship won seven Formula 1 Championships.
Schumacher the actress started in cities in the US.
Example: Mick Jagger is a rock star who sings with The Rolling Stones.
1 …………………………………………… 4 ……………………………………………………
2 …………………………………………… 5 ……………………………………………………
3 …………………………………………… 6 ……………………………………………………

4 Observa las ilustraciones y escribe sobre Angela.


1 2

3 4 5

Example: She doesn’t like meat. She prefers eating fish. She prefers fish to meat / She prefers
eating fish to eating meat.
1 …..................................................................................................…………………………………………
2 …..................................................................................................…………………………………………
3 …..................................................................................................…………………………………………
4 …..................................................................................................…………………………………………
5 …..................................................................................................…………………………………………

THAT’S ENGLISH! 73
Contrast clauses Indefinite pronouns

A Contrast clauses: but although however on the one hand ... on the other hand
s 5SAMOS but para unir dos oraciones que Although I love
expresan ideas opuestas. this band, I can’t
go to their concert.
I enjoy bullfights but my children think they are I’m broke!
very cruel.
s Although TAMBIÏN UNE IDEAS OPUESTAS 0UEDE IR
entre las dos partes de la oración o al principio.
Solo es necesario poner coma entre las dos I don’t have much
money either, but I’ll
partes de la oración cuando la subordinada con lend you some.
although va al principio.
Although Sally lives in the country, she enjoys spending the weekends in the city.
Sally lives in the country (,) although she enjoys spending the weekends in the city.
s #UANDO DOS ORACIONES EXPRESAN IDEAS OPUESTAS PODEMOS USAR However al comienzo de la
segunda. However va siempre seguido de coma.
Climbing is quite a dangerous sport. However, many people practise it regularly.
s 5SAMOS LA CORRELACIØN On the one hand (...) On the other hand al comienzo de dos oraciones
o párrafos que expresan ideas opuestas, y siempre ante coma. Es más frecuente en contextos
formales o escritos.
Many young people go abroad to find work. This has positive and negative aspects. On the one
hand, they can find good jobs. On the other hand, they have to live far away from their families.

B Indefinite pronouns
s 5SAMOS LOS PRONOMBRES INDEFINIDOS PARA HABLAR DE PERSONAS COSAS O LUGARES SIN ESPECIFICAR A
qué nos referimos exactamente.
PERSONAS COSAS LUGARES VERBO
someone / somebody something somewhere +
anyone / anybody anything anywhere - /?
everyone / everybody everything everywhere +/?
Mum, there
no one / nobody nothing nowhere + is something
I have to tell
you …
s 0ARA PERSONAS USAMOS somebody / someone o anybody / anyone.
Somebody sent me a text message but I don’t know who.
Did you meet anyone interesting at the party? – I wasn’t feeling very well. I didn’t talk to
anybody.
s 0ARA COSAS USAMOS something o anything.
I’m going to eat something. Can I get you anything? – No thanks, I don’t want anything.
s 0ARA LUGARES USAMOS somewhere o anywhere.
I’ve met her somewhere before, but I can’t remember where.
Are you going anywhere interesting for your holidays? – No, we’re not going anywhere. We’re
staying at home this year.
s #UANDO NOS REFERIMOS A TODAS LAS PERSONAS TODAS LAS COSAS O TODOS LOS LUGARES USAMOS
everybody / everyone, everything o everywhere /BSERVA QUE EL VERBO VA EN Š PERSONA DE
singular.
Everybody loves John. Everything is ready for the party. We’ve been everywhere in this town.
s #UANDO EL SIGNIFICADO ES NEGATIVO PODEMOS USAR TAMBIÏN nobody / no one, nothing y
nowhere /BSERVA QUE EL VERBO VA EN AFIRMATIVA Y EN Š PERSONA DE SINGULAR
Nobody has seen Julia since last Thursday. Don’t worry. Nothing is going to happen.
There is nowhere like Las Vegas. It’s unique.
74 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Relaciona las pautas dadas y escribe frases con but y el tiempo verbal adecuado.
Jim / support / the Conservatives this year / they / go / Greece
1 0AT  GO TO  A BULLFIGHT LAST WEEK )  GET  TO WORK ON TIME THIS MORNING
2 Sam / like / go out with friends she / not enjoy / it
3 They / usually go / to Spain in the summer HIS WIFE  VOTE FOR  THE ,ABOUR PARTY
4 I / go / to bed late last night Sally / prefer / stay at home
Example: Jim supports the Conservatives but his wife votes for the Labour party.
1 …………………………………………… 3 ……………………………………………………
2 …………………………………………… 4 ……………………………………………………

2 Completa las frases con although o however.


1 ............... most people spend Christmas with their family, some people don’t.
2 Easter is an important holiday in many countries. ............... , it often rains during Easter week.
3 My parents gave me a great present for my birthday ............... my sister didn’t give me anything.
4 ............... the tickets were quite expensive, a lot of people went to the festival.
5 Brunei is a very small country. ............... , the Sultan of Brunei is one of the richest men in the world.
6 The British royal family is very popular, ............... not everyone supports it.

3 Completa los párrafos con la información del recuadro. Usa On the one hand …,
On the other hand …

It’s nice to have lots of money. My brother’s wife will be there and I don’t like her.
They attract a lot of tourists. The flights are really expensive.
It’s a very interesting country. It’s difficult to have a private life.
I know she likes the family to be together. All the hotels and restaurants put up their prices.

Example: I’m not sure if it’s a good idea to go to the US this year. On the one hand, it’s a very
interesting country. On the other hand, the flights are really expensive.
1 (AVING THE /LYMPIC 'AMES IN A CITY HAS ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES xxxxxxxxxxx
2 I don’t know if I want to go to my mother’s house for Christmas this year. …………………..............
3 Being rich and famous has good points and bad points. …………………………………………............

4 Completa las frases con –body, –thing or –where.


1 7HERES 0AUL ) DONT SEE HIM any........ . 6 Did any........ call when I was out?
2 Some........ has moved my keys. I left them 7 I want to go some........ warm for my holidays
on the table. this year.
3 There’s a funny smell. I think some........’s 8 I’m really angry. The government has done
burning. no........ to solve the crisis.
4 I like the people here. Every........ is very helpful. 9 Have you seen my sunglasses any........?
5 I don’t like ice cream. Do you have any......... else? 10 The house is very quiet. I think some.....’s wrong.

5 Completa las frases con los pronombres indefinidos adecuados.


1 Can you speak more loudly, please? I can’t hear ................... .
2 I saw ................... going into the house but I don’t know who it was.
3 ................... enjoyed the meal. They said it was delicious.
44HERES  ON YOUR COAT ,ET ME CLEAN IT
5 I looked in all the rooms, but I didn’t see John ................... .
6 I didn’t drink ................... because I wasn’t thirsty.
7 Joanne lives ................... not far from Edinburgh.
8 There’s ................... in the fridge. We need to go to the supermarket.

THAT’S ENGLISH! 75
Past continuous Past continuous + past simple with while
and when Prepositions of movement

A Past continuous
s 5SAMOS EL past continuous para hablar de una acción en desarrollo en el pasado.
What were you doing at three o’clock yesterday afternoon? – I was playing tennis.
Were you waiting for Jill outside the pub last night? – No, I wasn’t. I was waiting for Jane.

s 4AMBIÏN USAMOS EL past continuous para describir la escena en la que se sitúa una historia.
It was a beautiful morning. The Sun was shining and the birds were singing in the trees. Sheila
was wearing an old brown coat. She locked the door and walked to her car…

s &ORMAMOS EL past continuous con was/were (not) + -ing. Your brother


called while you
were taking a
B Past continuous + past simple with while and when shower.
s 5SAMOS EL past simple para hablar de acciones acabadas en
el pasado y el past continuous para resaltar la duración de
actividades y situaciones pasadas.
Why didn’t
Where did you go for dinner yesterday? – We went to a new you get it?!
Mexican restaurant.
What were you doing yesterday evening at 9:30? – I was
cooking and Linda was watching TV.

s 5SAMOS EL past continuous y el past simple juntos cuando


una acción interrumpe otra en desarrollo: el past simple se I was driving along
utiliza para la acción que interrumpe y el past continuous a country road when
para la acción en desarrollo. a dog ran in front of
the car.
I was driving along a country road when a dog ran in front of
the car.
Joanne was getting off the bus when she saw the accident.

s 5SAMOS when para introducir la acción que interrumpe.


She was having a shower when the fire started.

s 0ODEMOS USAR when o while para introducir la acción en


desarrollo. Es más común usar while cuando queremos enfatizar la duración de la acción o
describimos dos acciones simultáneas.
The fire started when / while she was having a shower.
The phone rang and rang while I was cooking dinner.
The children were playing while I was working on the computer.

s !LGUNAS EXPRESIONES DE TIEMPO HABITUALES CON ESTOS TIEMPOS VERBALES SON yesterday,
last week / month / … , three days ago, in + mes / año, when / before / after + oración,
for + periodo de tiempo, one day, that evening, etc. (véase Unit 5).
C Prepositions of movement
s 5SAMOS LAS PREPOSICIONES DE DIRECCIØN PARA INDICAR HACIA DØNDE SE MUEVE ALGO O ALGUIEN

50 $/7. !,/.' !#2/33

).4/ /54 /& 4(2/5'( &2/- x


4/

76 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Escribe lo que Len y Sarah estaban haciendo a las horas indicadas el sábado pasado.
1 2 3 4 5

8:00 - 8:30 10:00 - 11:30 12:00 - 12:30 15:00 – 17:30 18:30 - 18:45 20:00 - 22:00

At 8:15, Len was taking the dog for a walk. 3 At 16:00, they ………………….…………….
1 At 10:45, Sarah ……………………………... 4 At 18:40, he …………....…………………….
2 At 12:10, she ……………………………….. 5 At 21:15, they ……………......………………
2 Escribe preguntas con el past continuous y la partícula interrogativa adecuada.
Example: ‘you / live / in 2010?’ ‘In Barcelona.’ ‘Where were you living in 2010?’
1 ‘Tom / wear / at the party last night?’ ‘A pullover and a pair of jeans.’ ‘ ..........................................?’
2 ‘the baby / cry / this morning?’ ‘Because she was hungry.’ ’ ............................................................?’
3 ‘you / go / when I saw you yesterday?’ ‘To Frank’s house.’ ‘ ............................................................?’
4 ‘you / call / when I saw you last night?’ ‘Keith.’ ‘ ...............................................................................?’
5 ‘Sheila / do / at 3 o’clock this morning?’ ‘She was sleeping.’ ‘ .........................................................?’
6 ‘Kate / dance / with Trevor at your party?’ ‘Because Jeremy wasn’t there.’ ‘ ...................................?’
3 Subraya la acción que empezó primero, y rodea el conector más adecuado - when or
while - cuando los dos sean correctos y tacha el incorrecto si solo uno es correcto.
Example: Paul arrived when / while I was studying I was sleeping when / while the postman came.
1 *ANE WAS WATCHING46 WHEN  WHILE ,ILY PHONED 4 ,IZ WAS HAVING BREAKFAST
2 It started snowing when / while we were driving home. when / while she started to feel sick.
3 When / While I was waiting for the bus I met a really 5 Sophie broke her arm when/ while
interesting girl. she was playing football.
4 Completa las frases con la preposición de dirección adecuada.

1 2 3 4 5 6

through down along into on of across

1 The firefighter ran ........... the burning house. 4 The plane flew ........... the clouds.
2 He drove his car ........... the garage. 5 The canoeist came ........... the river.
3 The police officers walked ........... the street. 6 The boy swam ........... the river.
5 Completa el sueño con el past simple o el past continuous de los verbos entre paréntesis.
I (1) ............ (have) a terrifying dream last night. I (2) ............ (drive) along a narrow road when I
suddenly (3) ............ (see) a girl in the middle of the road. She (4) ............ (wear) a long black coat
and sunglasses. It was very cold but she (5) ............ (not wear) a hat or gloves. I (6) ............ (stop)
the car and she (7) ............ (get) in. It (8) ............ (be) very dark but she (9) ............ (not take off) her
sunglasses. She (10) ............ (have) very white skin. I (11) ............ (start) the car again and we (12)
............ (drive) along in silence. Then I (13) ............ (notice) something near the car. It was a large
dog and it (14) ............ (run) beside us, but it (15) ............ (not look) at us. While I (16) ............ (watch)
the dog, the girl (17) ............ (take off) her sunglasses. I (18) ............ (turn) to look at her and she (19)
............ (open) her mouth slowly. Her teeth (20) ............ (be) very long and sharp. She (21) ............
(move) towards me when suddenly I (22) ............ (wake up). I (23) ............ (sweat) and I (24) ............
NOT FEEL VERY WELL
THAT’S ENGLISH! 77
Possibility: may might can Hope

A Possibility: may might can I’m not sure. I might


take him for a walk!
What are you
doing later?

s 5SAMOS may y might para hablar de situaciones o acontecimientos presentes o futuros que es
posible, pero no seguro, que sucedan. Might puede sugerir menor probabilidad que may y es
más común en el lenguaje oral.
What are you doing later? – I don’t know. I may take the dog for a walk.
Take an umbrella if you’re going out. It might rain.
We might have to stay late at the office. We haven’t finished the report.
s May y might son verbos modales y van seguidos del infinitivo sin to. May not no tiene forma
contraida y mightn’t no se usa mucho.

may (not) come to the beach with us.


I / you / he / she / it / we / they stay at their friends’ cottage.
might (not) (mightn’t)
like tonight’s film.

s /BSERVA LA DIFERENCIA ENTRE ESTAS FRASES


Tim is having dinner with Sally tonight. (Es seguro)
Tim may / might have dinner with Sally tonight. %S UNA POSIBILIDAD 0UEDE QUE HAGAN OTRA
cosa) (= Perhaps Tim will have dinner with Sally tonight)
Jackie isn’t going to play tennis tomorrow. (Es seguro que no lo hará)
Jackie may / might not play tennis tomorrow. 0UEDE QUE LO HAGA PUEDE QUE NO
(= Maybe Jackie will play tennis tomorrow)
0ARA EXPRESAR POSIBILIDAD ES MUCHO MÉS COMÞN USAR may y might que los adverbios perhaps o
maybe con futuro.
s 5SAMOS can para decir que algo es posible en sentido general, así como para referirnos a
diversas opciones.
This kind of bush can grow in really cold places.
If you want to help the environment, you can join Greenpeace. You can also work in your local
community.
B Hope
s 5SAMOS hope to + infinitive cuando el sujeto de la I hope she
I hope to pass passes the exam
frase expresa un deseo para sí mismo. the exam and drive and drives her
Julie hopes to work as a biologist when she to the mall with sister to school!
my friends.
finishes university, but there aren’t many jobs.
We hope to go to Thailand for our honeymoon but
we might not have enough money.
s 5SAMOS hope (that) + subordinada en present
simple cuando el sujeto de la frase expresa un
deseo para otra persona o cosa.
I hope (that) Julie passes all her exams.
I hope (that) Kate and Larry go to Thailand.

78 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Completa las conversaciones con might o might not y los verbos entre paréntesis.
1 ‘I’ll see you at George’s house on Saturday.’ ‘Maybe, but I ................... (not go). My girlfriend
................... (come) to see me this weekend.’
2 ‘What are you doing in the summer?’ ‘We’re not sure. We ................... (stay) here or we ...................
(drive) to Scotland and spend some time with my parents.’
3 ‘4HE NEXT 7ORLD #UP IS GOING TO BE FANTASTIC @!RE YOU SURE9OUR TEAM  NOT WIN 4HEY
................... (play) really badly.’
4 ‘I’m really looking forward to Andy’s party.’ ‘That’s good, but Jake ................... (be) there, you
know. And if he is there, he ................... (not want) to talk to you.’

2 Vuelve a escribir las frases con might / may o might not / may not.
Example: It is possible that they will not help us. They may / might not help us.
1 It is possible that it will snow tomorrow. …………………………………………………….
2 0ERHAPS THEY WILL NOT COME TO THE MEETING xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
3 Maybe Sue will not have time to see you. …………………………………………………….
4 It is possible that I will get a new job. …………………………………………………….
5 Maybe we will not be here next year. …………………………………………………….
6 0ERHAPS 0ETE WILL LEND US SOME MONEY xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

3 Responde a las preguntas seleccionando las posibilidades más adecuadas y los verbos
correspondientes. Usa can.
Greenpeace /
plane / the the cinema / your boss / jobs local politicians
train ,UIGIS / the new Keith and
Vietnamese Margie the garage /
place A BULLFIGHT  THE 0RADO
a new one

go to / have dinner with go to / try watch / visit go by / take join / contact


talk to / change take it to / buy

Example: ‘Where will we have dinner tonight?’


‘Well, we can go to Luigi’s or we can try the new Vietnamese place.’
1 ‘What do you want to do this weekend?’ ‘…………………………………………….’
2 ‘I have a free afternoon in Madrid. What can I do?’ ‘…………………………………………….’
3 @7HATS THE BEST WAY TO GET TO 0ARIS @xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
4 ‘What can I do to protect the environment in my area?’ ‘…………………………………………….’
5 ‘I’m having a lot of problems at work. What can I do?’ ‘…………………………………………….’
6 ‘My car breaks down all the time. What can I do?’ ‘…………………………………………….’

4 Escribe los deseos de Harry sobre sí mismo y sobre su hijo David.


1 2

move / next month pass buy / next Christmas get a good job
3 4 5 6

start get married / soon visit / next year start


Example: Harry hopes to move house next month. He hopes that David passes his exams.
1 ………………………………………………. 4 ……………………………………………….
2 ………………………………………………. 5 ……………………………………………….
3 ………………………………………………. 6 ……………………………………………….
THAT’S ENGLISH! 79
Asking for and giving instructions Quantifiers

A Asking for and giving instructions


s 0ODEMOS USAR EL imperativo o el present simple para
pedir y dar instrucciones.
How can I fix it?
How do you attach a file to an email? – First click / you
click on the attach button. Then, find / you find the file that
you want to attach and double click / you double click on
it. Wait / You wait until it loads and then click / you click
on the send button.
s /BSERVA QUE CUANDO HACEMOS UNA PREGUNTA PODEMOS
You can’t. Just go usar el present simple o can con I o you.
to the shop and buy How do / can you upload a photo? What do you do next?
another one.
How can / do I change the screen saver? Then, what do I do?
s #UANDO DAMOS UNA SERIE DE INSTRUCCIONES SOLEMOS USAR
conectores como first, next, then, after that o finally.
When you buy a new printer, first read the instructions
carefully. Then, connect it to your computer. Next, switch
the printer on. After that, check that there is enough ink.
Finally, print a test document.
B Quantifiers
s 2ECUERDA LOS SUSTANTIVOS CONTABLES TIENEN SINGULAR Y PLURAL PERO LOS INCONTABLES NO TIENEN
forma de plural.

a drink three drinks water three waters


a euro ten euros music two musics

s Much se refiere a una gran cantidad de algo y many a un gran número.


s Much se utiliza con sustantivos incontables en preguntas y oraciones negativas.
Do you download much music from the Internet? A laptop doesn’t use much electricity.
s Many va con sustantivos contables en preguntas y oraciones negativas.
Do you see many good photographs on Flickr?
George doesn’t write many emails. He prefers to send text messages.
s Much y many se pueden usar también en oraciones afirmativas, aunque no es común.
A lot of A few, a little, a bit of
s A lot of se refiere a un gran número o una s A few, a little y a bit of indican un pequeño
gran cantidad de algo. Se usa tanto con número o una pequeña cantidad. Se utiliza
sustantivos contables como incontables. a few con sustantivos contables, y a little y
You can find a lot of information on the a bit of con incontables.
Internet. There are a few flowers in the garden but
There are a lot of new computers in that not many.
shop. Were there a lot of people at the There’s a little juice in the fridge if you´re
party? thirsty.
There isn’t a lot of food but there´s enough Can you help me with this computer? – OK,
to make dinner. I’ve got a bit of time before I go to work.

GRAN NÚMERO GRAN CANTIDAD PEQUEÑO NÚMERO PEQUEÑA CANTIDAD

sustantivos sustantivos sustantivos sustantivos


contables en plural incontables contables en plural incontables
+ a lot of a lot of
- a few a little / a bit of
a lot of / many a lot of / much
?

80 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Ayudándote de los dibujos, escribe las instrucciones combinando verbos y sustantivos


de los recuadros.
Can you help
me with my new
camera?
1 2 3 4 5

Sure!

put in (x 2) turn on close open the cover (x 2) the battery the memory card the camera

First, (1) ............. . Then, (2) ............. . Next, (3) ............. . After that, (4) ............. . Finally, (5) ............. .
2 Completa las conversaciones con estas expresiones.
HOW DO ) START MOVING WAIT A MINUTE YOU CHECK THEN DO ) START ,IKE THIS DO ) DO FIRST

A: Have you ever driven before?


B: No, I haven’t. What (1) ...................?
A: Well, first you adjust your seat. Then, (2) ................... the mirrors.
B: /+   THE ENGINE
A: Yes, that’s right.
B: Fine. And (4) ...................?
A: You push in the pedal and then let it out slowly.
B: (5) ...................?
A: YES GOOD .O   .O 3TOP
3 Completa las frases con much, many o a lot of. En algunos casos, hay más de una
respuesta correcta.
1 My sister has got ................... FRIENDS ON &ACEBOOK n OVER 
2 I haven’t downloaded ................... applications on my phone – only two or three.
3 Do you spend ................... time on your computer every day?
4 0HIL LISTENS TO ................... music on his mp3 while he travels to work.
5 I don’t have ................... work today so I’m going home early.
6 Ken gets ................... junk mail every day – he really hates it.
7 Did you take ................... good photographs on your holidays?
8 There are ................... useful sites on the Internet for people learning English.
4 Completa las frases con a little o a few y las palabras del recuadro.
information words time days French ideas
1 The teacher gave us ................... to help us to learn English vocabulary. It’s important to spend
................... every day revising new words.
2 I met some French students the other day. They only spoke ................... of English. I was able to
communicate with them because I know ................... .
3 They were only in the country for ................... . I gave them ................... about the town.
5 La información de estas frases es incorrecta. Vuelve a escribirlas con la información correcta.
1 Not many people live in China. …..…………………………………………………………………...............
2 Bill Gates doesn’t have much money. …..……………………………………………………………..……..
3 A lot of astronauts have walked on the Moon. …..…………………………………………………...……..
4 Cactuses need a lot of water to live. …..…………………………………………………………...….....…..
5 To print a document, first you press the print button. Then you put paper in the printer. …………
………………………………………………………..………………………………...............……………...……

THAT’S ENGLISH! 81
Adverbs of manner Comparison of adverbs Asking for confirmation
I told you. Eat
A Adverbs of manner your soup
slowly. It’s hot!
s 5SAMOS LOS ADVERBIOS DE MODO PARA DESCRIBIR CØMO SE HACE UNA
acción.
We couldn’t understand the play because the actors spoke very
quietly.
They drove quickly because they were late for the film.
s ,A MAYORÓA DE ADVERBIOS DE MODO SE FORMAN A×ADIENDO -ly al
ADJETIVO /BSERVA ALGUNOS CAMBIOS ORTOGRÉFICOS EN EL SIGUIENTE
cuadro.
ADJECTIVE ADVERB EXAMPLE
bad badly Paul speaks French badly.
careful carefully Sue listened carefully.
heavy heavily It was raining heavily.
terrible terribly She sang terribly.
enthusiastic enthusiastically He played enthusiastically.

s !LGUNOS ADVERBIOS TIENEN LA MISMA FORMA QUE SU ADJETIVO Y OTROS SON IRREGULARES
ADJECTIVE ADVERB EXAMPLE
fast fast I like fast cars. / I usually drive fast.
hard hard She has a hard job. / She works hard.
good well She’s a good singer. / She sings very well.

B Comparison of adverbs
s 0ARA HACER COMPARACIONES POSITIVAS CON LOS ADVERBIOS ACABADOS EN ly usamos more ... than;
con la mayoría de los adverbios irregulares (sin -ly) añadimos -er.
Melanie drives more carefully than her sister. She also drives more slowly than her sister.
Chris runs faster than Harry. I work harder than other people in my office.
s /BSERVA CØMO HACEMOS COMPARACIONES CON well y badly.
Keith plays the guitar well, but John plays better. Didn’t Ann Garrett
Katy dresses badly, but Naomi dresses worse. win an Oscar for
‘Treason’?
s 0ARA HACER COMPARACIONES NEGATIVAS CON LOS ADVERBIOS USAMOS
less … than o not as … as.
Charles speaks less clearly than Carol.
Charles does not speak as clearly as Carol.
s #UANDO COMPARAMOS DOS ACCIONES IGUALES USAMOS as … as. Did she? I can’t
Ken cooks as well as a professional chef. remember. Anyway,
she acted as badly as
she usually does.
C Asking for confirmation
s #UANDO QUEREMOS CONFIRMAR UNA INFORMACIØN DE LA QUE NO ESTAMOS SEGUROS PODEMOS USAR UNA
pregunta negativa.
Isn’t Hollywood in San Francisco? Didn’t ‘The Artist‘ win the Oscar for best film in 2012?
s 3I SABEMOS LA RESPUESTA A LA PREGUNTA NEGATIVA SOLEMOS USAR UNA RESPUESTA CORTA
Wasn’t Jennifer married? – Yes, she was. Doesn’t the President live in New York? – No, he doesn’t.
s 3I NO ESTAMOS SEGUROS DE LA RESPUESTA A UNA PREGUNTA NEGATIVA SOLEMOS RESPONDER CON UNA
pregunta afirmativa con entonación ascendente, expresando así nuestra duda o sorpresa.
Didn’t Bruce Springsteen give a concert here last year? – Did he?
Aren’t the Olympic Games starting next week? – Are they?
82 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Escribe frases diciendo qué sucede en cada situación. Usa los verbos y adverbios de los
recuadros.
1 2 3 4 5 6

sing shout drive run snow wait play loudly heavily fast angrily nervously slowly badly
Example: She is driving slowly.
1 …………………………………………….. 4 …………………………………………….
2 …………………………………………….. 5 …………………………………………….
3 …………………………………………….. 6 …………………………………………….
2 Completa las frases con la forma correcta de la palabra entre paréntesis – adjetivo
o adverbio.
1 Kirsten Dunst was ................. (fantastic) in ‘Melancholia’. She acted ................. (wonderful).
2 The fans waited ................. (patient) to get their tickets. They behaved very ................. (good).
3 I didn’t enjoy the concert at all. The band were really ................. (bad) and the lead singer sang
................. (terrible).
4 Although it was raining ................. (heavy), Fran drove very ................. (fast). It was a really
................. (dangerous) journey.
5 Judy filled in the form ................. (careful) because she didn’t want to make any mistakes.
6 She spoke so ................. (quiet) that I couldn’t hear her.
3 Relaciona los adverbios del recuadro con los verbos de las ilustraciones y escribe oraciones
comparando las personas y animales que aparecen en ellas.

(eat) Jane / Mary 1 (drive) Kate / George 2 PLAY 2ORY  'ERRY 3 SPEAK %NGLISH ,OLA  !NA

badly
dangerously
fast
hard
healthily
politely
well / fluently
4 (run) Kitty / Bonzo 5 WORK ,OUISE  ,ARRY 6 EAT 0AULA  +AREN

Example: Mary eats more politely than Jane.


1 …………………………………………….. 4 ……………………………………………..
2 …………………………………………….. 5 ……………………………………………..
3 …………………………………………….. 6 ……………………………………………..
4 Rory quiere que Andrea le confirme cierta información y ella no está segura de las
respuestas. Escribe los diálogos.
Example: Francis Ford Coppola made The Godfather (?)
2ORY Didn’t Francis Ford Coppola make The Godfather? Andrea: Did he?
1 4HE CONCERT STARTS AT  OCLOCK  2ORY  !NDREA 
2 ,IV4YLER IS THE DAUGHTER OF A ROCK STAR  2ORY  !NDREA 
3 %VA 'REEN APPEARED IN A *AMES "OND FILM  2ORY  !NDREA 
4 "RUCE 3PRINGSTEEN HAS PERFORMED IN -ADRID THREE TIMES  2ORY  !NDREA 
5 3HAKIRA IS SINGING AT 2OCK IN 2IO THIS YEAR  2ORY  !NDREA 
6 $ANIEL #RAIG AND 2ACHEL 7EISZ GOT MARRIED IN "ARBADOS  2ORY  !NDREA 
THAT’S ENGLISH! 83
Passive voice

Three people
have been
arrested in this
house in East
London this
morning.

A Use of the passive voice: for focus (emphasis)


s 5SAMOS LA VOZ PASIVA CUANDO QUEREMOS destacar el complemento de una acción. El complemento
de un verbo activo se convierte en el sujeto de un verbo pasivo.
Active voice: A storm injured three people yesterday.
Complemento

0ASSIVE VOICE Three people were injured in a storm yesterday.


Sujeto

En la oración en voz pasiva, queremos resaltar que han resultado heridas tres personas, por
encima del hecho de que fue en la tormenta donde resultaron heridas.
s ,A PASIVA SE UTILIZA CON FRECUENCIA CUANDO el agente (quien realiza la acción) es obvio o no nos
interesa, por lo que muchas veces no aparece en las oraciones en voz pasiva.
Five young men were arrested last night. (El agente es obvio: la policía.)
Over 10 million iPods are sold every year. (No es importante quién los vende.)
s No obstante, a veces sí nos interesa mencionar al agente y lo incluimos al final de la frase, con by.
Voz activa: The President opened the ceremony.
Sujeto

Voz pasiva: The ceremony was opened by the President.


Agente

Si el agente es una cosa:


He was hit by a falling stone. (accidental) He was hit with a stone. (deliberado: instrumento)
Si el agente es un lugar puede expresarse como complemento de lugar con in:
Three people were injured in a storm.

B Form

TENSES FORM

• Sujeto + am/ is / are + participio


+ Ten million text messages are sent every day.
Present
simple – The iPhone isn’t manufactured in the USA.
? Are newspapers printed here?
How is glass made?

• Sujeto + was / were + participio


+ Ten houses were destroyed by a fire last night.
Past
simple – The 2010 World Cup wasn’t played in Brazil. When was
that white
? Was anyone killed in the fire? thing built?
Where were the stolen documents found?

• Sujeto + has / have been + participio


+ A new planet has been discovered.
Present
perfect – The damaged houses haven’t been repaired.
? Have the stolen jewels been found?
Where has the new planet been discovered?

84 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Exercises

1 Elige la opción correcta y subraya el foco de interés en cada caso.


A major hurricane (1) devastated / was devastated the eastern United States last week. Many houses
(2) destroyed / were destroyed, sea water (3) covered / was covered the streets in several towns and
electricity (4) has not restored / has not been restored yet in some places. Angry residents (5) are
protesting / are being protested to the local authorities.
2 Escribe estos titulares de periódico con frases completas en voz pasiva. Incluye los
artículos donde sea necesario.
%XAMPLE 47/ -%. !22%34%$ ,!34 .)'(4 Two men were arrested last night.

1 A ………………………………………..….

2 The ……………………………...…….

3 ………………………………………..…...

4 The ………………………………………………….…....

5 A …………………………………………………….................
3 Escribe preguntas en voz pasiva con las pautas dadas.
Example: That’s a wonderful car. Where / made? Where was it made?
1 I like that photograph. Where / taken? ……………………….....………………………….
2 This camera is very cheap. Where / made? ……………………….....………………………….
3 Your house looks different. it / redecorated recently? ……………………….....………………………….
4 Those pictures are beautiful. When / painted? ……………………….....………………………….
5 Jack looks very happy today. he / promoted? ……………………….....………………………….
6 ‘This magazine is very successful.’
@2EALLY (OW MANY  SOLD EACH WEEK xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
4 Transforma las siguientes frases en voz pasiva sin que cambie el significado. Omite el
agente si no es necesario.
1 News Corporation sells 3 million copies of The Sun newspaper in Britain every day.
.................................................................................................................................................................
2 2UPERT -URDOCH OWNS .EWS #ORPORATION ..........................................................................................
3 The police have investigated reporters from the company. ..............................................................
4 They arrested a senior editor in March 2012. ......................................................................................
5 2EPORTERS HACKED THE PHONES OF FAMOUS PEOPLE ...............................................................................
6 They stole confidential information. ....................................................................................................
7 -EMBERS OF 0ARLIAMENT QUESTIONED 2UPERT -URDOCH AND HIS SON ..................................................
8 The FBI has opened an investigation. ..................................................................................................
5 Completa el texto con la forma correcta de los verbos entre paréntesis.
Scientists have just confirmed that they (1) .......... (detect) signs of intelligent life outside our Solar
3YSTEM 2ADIO SIGNALS  .......... (receive) by a NASA space probe at the end of last year. The signals
(3) .......... (send) from a galaxy 200,000 light years away. The information (4) .......... (not make)
public at that time: it (5) .......... (analyse) by an international team of scientists for the last two
months and the NASA experts (6) .......... (want) to check the data now. The big question is: Why (7)
.......... we .......... (contact)?

THAT’S ENGLISH! 85
Answer Key Vocabulary
3 I like to listen to music when I revise for exams.
ANSWER KEY VOCABULARY 4 Making mistakes is part of learning a new language.
5 The important thing is to communicate - don’t worry if you’re
Habits and lifestyles right or wrong.
Exercise 1
1 commute to work 2 checks his emails 3 makes calls Exercise 3
4 has a meeting 5 has a coffee break 6 have a good work-life 1 You speak too fast when you get nervous.
balance 7 has Friday off 8 goes away 9 lie in bed 10 does pr / v / adv / adv / conj / pr / v / adj
exercise 11 does the crossword 12 does voluntary work 2 I love fast cars. A good race can be really exciting.
13 watches the news 14 eat out pr / v / adj / n / art / adj / n / v (aux) / v / adv / adj
3 Shall I book tickets for a theatre play or do you
Exercise 2 v (aux) / pr / v / n / prep /art / n / n / conj / v (aux) / pr /
1 Maribel cycles to university. prefer to watch the race?
2 She attends lectures. / v / prep / v / art / n
3 Yes, she has to present a project to the class. 4 I lost my watch in the pool yesterday. Swimming can
4 She texts a classmate. pr / v / adj / n / prep / art / n / adv / v / v(aux) /
5 Because she has to revise for exams in May. be expensive!
6 Yes, she uses social networking sites to keep in touch. v / adj

Exercise 3 Exercise 4
1c 2g 3h/d 4e 5i 6a 7h/d 8f 9b 1 Headword 2 Word class 3 Countable / uncountable 4 Definition
5 Example 6 Different meaning 7 Antonym 8 Synonym
Exercise 4 (suggested answers)
2 I don’t eat out on Mondays Exercise 5
I eat out at weekends / once a month / every Sunday, etc. 1 Could you speak more slowly, please? / Could you say that
3 I never / don’t have a nap in the afternoons again, please? 2 Could you speak louder, please? 3 do you say
I have a nap every day / at weekends / only on Fridays, etc. 'lubina' in English? 4 Could you say that again, please? 5 does
4 I never write reports / I sometimes write reports ‘poured’ mean? / does ‘pour’ mean?
I write reports once a year / at the end of the week, etc.
5 I never / hardly ever / don’t usually / don’t often, etc. catch a bus Illnesses and treatments
I catch a bus everyday / only on weekdays, etc. Exercise 1
6 I never do homework 1 f) He’s got a sore stomach. I think he eats too much fatty food.
I do homework every evening / at weekends, etc. 2 e) She’s got a broken arm. They’ve put it in plaster. 3 d) He says
7 I never have a day off
he’s got a high temperature. 4 c) My ear hurts and I’ve got a pain
I have a day off once a week / twice a month / every month, etc.
8 I never / don’t usually surf the Internet in my neck 5 b) I think she’s sprained her ankle
I surf the Internet every morning / at night / at weekends, etc. 6 a) David has cut his arm
9 I never cut the grass
I cut the grass every day / once a week / very rarely, etc. Exercise 2
1 I’ve got a stomach ache / my stomach hurts 2 I’ve got a cough
3 I’ve got a pain in my back / my back hurts / I’ve got backache
Feelings Turning points in life 4 I’ve got a sore throat / my throat hurts 5 I’ve got a broken leg /
Exercise 1 I’ve broken my leg 6 I’ve got a toothache / my tooth hurts
surprised comfortable confident interested depressed 7 I’ve twisted / sprained my ankle
excited angry annoyed bored confused sad relaxed
nervous happy foolish tired worried Exercise 3
1 excited 2 bored 3 annoyed / angry 4 confused 1 suffer from c) sleeping pills
5 tired 6 nervous / worried 7 relaxed 8 happy 2 have got a a) painkillers, appointment
3 feel d) Do, healthy, hard
Exercise 2 4 cut b) Put on, room
3 Ursula doesn´t like romantic films but Hugh loves them.
4 Martin likes coffee and his girlfriend likes tea. Exercise 4
5 Bill enjoys eating sushi but Sheila can’t stand eating raw fish. 1 P: I feel terrible.
6 My father adores dogs but Sheila doesn´t like them. D: What’s wrong? / What’s the matter?
7 Bill loves classical music but Sheila doesn´t like it. P: I’ve got a temperature and a sore throat.
8 Anne doesn´t like sport and Joe doesn´t mind watching football. D: You’ve got an infection. Take some / these antibiotics, stay in
bed and drink liquids.
Exercise 3 2 P: I don’t feel well.
1 buy a flat 2 get married / a pet / a degree 3 finish a degree D: What’s wrong? / What’s the matter?
4 move to a different city 5 get a pet / married / a degree P: I’ve got a sore stomach / a headache and I can’t sleep.
6 start a family / her own business 7 leave home D: You are stressed. Don’t work so hard.
8 meet James 9 start her own business / a family
Travelling by plane and by train
Exercise 4
(...) 1980. She finished her / a degree in 1985. In 1990 she started Exercise 1
1
her own business. In 1995 she bought a flat. In 1996 she met 1 S C H E D U L E S
4
James and they got married in 1998. They started a family in B P
2000. In 2003 she / they got a pet. In 2005 they moved to a A 3 2 D E L A Y E D
different city. G T E
G 5 L A N D
Learning languages A K Y
6 G A T E B
Exercise 1
E O O
1 f. reading 2 e. pronunciation 3 a. self-study / vocabulary C F A
4 b. grammar 5 g. listening 6 d. motivation / self-study L F R
7 c. learning from mistakes A D
I I
Exercise 2 M 7 H A N D L U G G A G E
1 Keith is very lucky - he has a good ear for languages. G
2 I prefer reading to speaking - I’m a bit shy.

86 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Answer Key Vocabulary
Exercise 2 1 Jane is going to move to another country. She’s going to get a
1 toilet 2 return (ticket) 3 single (ticket) 4 holiday new job, and she’s going to grow her hair long.
5 carriage 2 Paul is going to take up photography. He’s going to grow a
6 car 7 vacation 8 one-way (ticket) 9 round ticket beard, and he’s going to go on a yoga retreat.
10 restroom 3 Dan is going to grow a moustache. He’s going to go on holiday,
and he’s going to get a new car.
Exercise 3 4 Lesley is going to take up karate. She’s going to grow her hair
1 A window seat (f) 2 have to fasten your seat belt (b) long, and she’s going to go on a cruise.
3 in the luggage compartment (d) 4 First class (e)
5 boarding pass (c) 6 a heavy suitcase (a) Personal biography and life achievements
Exercise 1
Exercise 4 1d 2c 3a 4b 5h 6g 7f 8e
1 train station 2 take 3 timetable 4 ticket office 1 living on a farm 2 fall in love 3 got divorced 4 buying their
5 trains 6 direct 7 sleeping carriage / sleeping car / sleeper own house / flat 5 making friends 6 Bringing up children
8 journey 9 take 7 moving to a bigger house 8 start a family
Clothes Accessories Exercise 2
Exercise 1 1 have run a marathon 2 has won a medal 3 has written a
1 sweatshirt 2 handbag 3 belt 4 waistcoat / vest 5 tie bestseller 4 have walked across the desert 5 has done charity work
6 shirt 7 cardigan 8 shorts 9 dress 10 leather jacket 6 has climbed a mountain / Everest 7 have recorded an album

Exercise 2 Exercise 3
high-heeled shoes: 1 trainers: 5 denim jacket: 2 suit: 1 1 took 2 won 3 graduated 4 compete 5 joined 6 got
cap: 2 hat: 1, 3 tie: 1 top: 2, 4, 5 pyjamas: 4 7 start 8 left 9 met
raincoat: 3 tracksuit: 5 slippers: 4
Exercise 4
Exercise 3 2d 3a 4f 5b 6c
Julie (image 3): top, denim jacket, earrings 1 (...) played for Real Madrid
Janet (image 1): suit, look, tight, slim, high-heeled shoes, 2 (...) started Apple Computer
necklace 3 (...) competed at the London Olympics
John (image 2): pyjamas , woollen jumper, overcoat, gloves, hat 4 (...) wrote Hey Jude in 1968
Janice (image 4): average, tracksuit, trainers, cap 5 (...) flew across the Atlantic in 1927

Exercise 4 Job hunting (working conditions, looking for a


1 casual 2 old-fashioned 3 lighter 4 fit 5 medium job, a CV, a job interview)
6 changing-room 7 wonderful 8 suits 9 reduced
Exercise 1
2 1
Personal details Personality Behaviour W N
Exercise 1 3 T E L E W O R K I N G
1 single 2 couple 3 divorced 4 married 5 age 6 marital status 4 R N
F K E
Exercise 2 U I T
7 6
1 widow 2 unemployed 3 middle-aged 4 a pensioner / retired 5
W L O N G H O U R S
5 single parent 8 B O S S L G F I
Exercise 3 R T H I C
1 hard-working 2 rude 3 kind 4 unhelpful 5 friendly 6 sociable / K I O V K
outgoing 7 quiet 8 impatient 9 outgoing 10 disloyal M M U E L
9 P A R T T I M E R E
Exercise 4 T S A
1 A: noisy B: good manners E V
2 A: lazy S E
3 A: sociable / outgoing B: shy / unsociable
4 A: helpful Exercise 2
5 A: relaxed B: anxious 1 (a) job hunting
(b) job advert
Exercise 5 (suggested answers) (c) CV
… argue, shout and listen to loud music. At number 19, there is (d) Human Resources Department
an elderly woman who is quiet, helpful and friendly. She is polite 2 (a) application
and sociable, and she gets on well with her neighbours. (b) covering letter
(c) referees
Bad habits Plans and arrangements (d) applicant
Intentions and resolutions (e) job interview
Exercise 1 3 (a) interviewer
1 smoking 2 watches TV 3 gossips 4 swears 5 eating fatty (b) salary / holidays
foods 6 spending a lot of money 7 wasting 8 biting (c) holidays / salary

Exercise 2 Exercise 3
1 optician's 2 having dinner with friends 3 hairdresser’s 1 Personal details: 33, married
4 picking up the children 5 take a driving test 2 Education and qualifications: BA
6 going to a funeral 7 beauty parlour 8 sit an exam
3 Languages: Spanish
Exercise 3 4 Employment and work experience: Salesman, to
1 taking part in 2 catch 3 move to 4 starting 5 getting 5 Other skills, interests and hobbies: cooking
6 growing / going to grow
6 Personal goals: learn
Exercise 4
1d 2c 3e 4a 5b

THAT’S ENGLISH! 87
Answer Key Vocabulary
Exercise 4 Exercise 4
1 Why do you want to work for us? (d) 1 Candidates must pass a medical examination to work for this
2 Do you have any work experience? (g) company.
3 What are you good at? (b) 2 There was a lot of excitement in the audience as they waited for
4 What are your bad points? (e) the comedy show to start.
5 Do you prefer working alone or in a team? (a) 3 The spotlight fell on the presenter. The rest of the stage was in
6 What is your greatest achievement? (f) darkness.
7 What are your interests? (c) 4 The comedian was terrible. He lost his concentration several
times and missed the punchlines.
Family rules Leisure activities 5 The meeting was long but we finally reached an agreement that
Exercise 1 satisfied everyone.
1 go to bed 2 do your homework 3 play truant from school
4 be clean and organised 5 drink alcohol 6 play loud music Musical styles and instruments
Exercise 1
Exercise 2 2
1
1 You can hang out with friends at the weekends. // You mustn’t 3 P O P 4
hang out with friends late at night / after 11. J U S 6
2 You mustn’t play computer games after 11 / late at night. // You 5 F L A M E N C O O
can play computer games at the weekend. Z K U P
3 You must finish your homework before you watch TV. Z 7 B L U E S
4 You must keep your clothes in your wardrobe. 8 R
5 You can go for bike rides in the countryside / at the weekends. // 8 R E G G A E
You mustn’t go for bike rides late at night / after 11. O
6 You mustn’t go to bed late at night / after 11. 9 C O U N T R Y
K
Exercise 3
1 Will likes to hang out with friends at the weekends. Exercise 2
2 When his mother is tired, Nick sometimes helps with the shopping. 1 saxophonist / saxophone player 2 pianist / piano player
3 George hates school. He often plays truant. 3 bass player 4 keyboard player 5 guitarist / guitar player
4 Veronica goes out late on Sunday nights, so she’s always tired 6 drummer 7 electric guitar player 8 violinist / violin player
on Mondays.
5 John is very tidy – he always knows where everything is. Exercise 3
6 The baby made a mess in the kitchen – her milk was all over the 1 a composer 2 a film soundtrack 3 headphones
floor. 4 mp3 players / iPods 5 loudspeakers 6 an orchestra
7 I’m going to do housework next Saturday morning.
Exercise 4
Exercise 4 1 band 2 album 3 music 4 tour 5 concerts 6 live
1 don’t have 2 well behaved 3 gives me a lot of advice 7 lyrics 8 songwriter 9 downloaded 10 iPod
4 argue 5 trust me 6 discuss 7 complain about 8 rude
Traditions, festivals and public holidays
Advertising
Exercise 1
Exercise 1 1 parades 2 fireworks 3 presents 4 costumes
1 advertise 2 advertising 3 advertisers 4 ad 5 advertisements 5 decorations 6 bonfires 7 carnival 8 pancakes
Exercise 2 Exercise 2
1 An advertising manager 2 A TV commercial 3 A slogan 1 pancakes 2 fireworks; bonfires 3 carnival 4 presents
4 A jingle 5 Catchy 6 Exclusive 5 parades 6 decorations 7 costumes
Exercise 3 Exercise 3
1 is very informative 2 entertaining 3 make you laugh 1 A music festival d) Woodstock
4 promoting 5 annoying 6 pay attention to 2 A beer festival f) Oktoberfest
3 An annual sporting event a) The FA Cup Final
Exercise 4 4 A celebration of Scottish culture e) St Andrew’s Day
1c 2a 3e 4f 5b 6d 5 A religious festival b) Easter
6 A special occasion for married couples g) A wedding
Exercise 5 anniversary
1 (picture d) A: that jingle; B: very catchy, isn’t it? 7 A special day for fathers c) Father’s Day
2 (picture c) A: a special offer; B: get one free
3 (picture a) A: TV commercials come on; B: entertaining Exercise 4
4 (picture b) A: advertising campaign; B: ‘Come to the Cside’ 1 2
T E
Humour Adjectives + prepositions H A
Word formation A S
N 3 T 4
Exercise 1
K V E 5 H
1 Blue 2 Witty 3 A practical joke 4 The punchline 6 S T P A T R I C K S D A Y
5 Sitcoms 6 He’s a comedian
G L H L
I E R L
Exercise 2
V N I O
1 black humour 2 sarcastic 3 sense of humour
I T S W
4 laugh; funny 5 humorous 6 intelligent
N I T E
G N M E
Exercise 3
E A N
1 crazy about 2 famous for 3 interested in 4 frightened of
S S
5 happy about 6 worried about 7 proud of 8 good at 7 A P R I L F O O L S D A Y
A
8 P A N C A K E D A Y

88 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Answer Key Vocabulary
Exercices
Exercise 5 Exercise 2
1 On Bonfire Night, people light / make bonfires and watch / light 1 laptop 2 fax machine 3 portable hard drive 4 laser printers
fireworks. 5 cursor; icon 6 USB ports 7 screen 8 headset 9 smartphone
2 On Thanksgiving, Americans cook a special dinner with turkey.
3 On April Fool’s Day, people play games and tricks on other people. Exercise 3
4 On Shrove Tuesday, people make / cook pancakes. 1 broadband 2 social network 3 switch on a computer
5 On St Patrick’s Day, people drink green beer. 4 go online 5 website 6 email address 7 post a message
8 log off 9 charge the battery 10 upload a photo
Sleep and dreams Verbs of movement
Exercise 1 Exercise 4
1 bedtime 2 snoring 3 stay up late 4 nap 5 siesta[*] 1 go online and open my email (f)
6 a good night’s sleep 7 fall asleep 8 lies awake 9 wake up 2 opening a document, I always check for viruses (h)
10 feel sleepy 11 exhausted 3 attach a document to my mail before sending it (a)
[*] ‘Siesta’ se utiliza en inglés para un sueño, más bien largo, después de la comida del 4 save my work, and I always do it before I switch off my
mediodía. computer. (b)
5 crashes – when that happens, (…), If I have to wait a lot before I
Exercise 2 can start it again (e)
1 a 2 h 3 e 4 i 5 c 6 g 7 d 8 l 9 b 10 k 11 f 12 j 6 chatting online to using (…) I just don’t like making phone calls. (g)
7 blog every day so that my friends know all my news. (c)
Exercise 3 8 download films from pirate sites. (d)
1 When you daydream, (b) you are awake. 9 log off
2 People take sleeping pills when they (c) can’t sleep.
3 A sleepwalker is a person who (a) walks around while they are Show business: types of entertainment, places,
asleep. people
4 People say ‘sweet dreams’ to someone (a) at bedtime.
5 When a person has insomnia, he or she (b) can’t sleep. Exercise 1
1 musical 2 ballet 3 opera 4 plays 5 gigs; concert
Exercise 4 6 cabaret 7 film 8 concert hall 9 arenas
1 stay 2 nap 3 pill 4 about 5 jumped 6 walked / ran
7 crawled 8 climbed 9 was swinging 10 ran / walked Exercise 2
11 chased 12 were driving 1b 2c 3c 4a 5a 6c

The environment Recycling Environmental Exercise 3


1 A stuntman 2 A comedy 3 A magician 4 A horror film
issues 5 Science fiction 6 The stage crew
Exercise 1
1 smoke and carbon emissions 2 factory waste 3 sewage Exercise 4
4 rubbish 5 litter 6 acid rain 7 car exhaust fumes 8 pesticides 1 auditions 2 get a part 3 his lines 4 rehearsing 5 opens
6 costume 7 applauds 8 performance
Exercise 2
Di 1 natural disasters Exercise 5
H d; A c 2 tropical rainforest; cut down trees 1 costumes 2 stage 3 audience 4 curtain
Jb 3 greenhouse effect
Cg 4 infertile soil The Media: TV and radio, the press, online news
Bj 5 clean up beaches Politics
Eh 6 environmentally-conscious
Fa 7 ozone layer Exercise 1
Gf 8 global warming 1f 2b 3a 4e 5h 6c 7d 8g
Ie 9 bottle bank
Exercise 2
Exercise 3 1 daily newspaper 2 Sunday newspaper 3 quality press
1 left on 2 wasted 3 polluted 4 environmentally conscious 4 Tabloids 5 magazines
5 turn off 6 recycle 7 glass 8 drop 9 clean up 10 plant
11 alternative 12 public transport Exercise 3
1 A foreign correspondent 2 An editor 3 A press photographer
Exercise 4 4 A war correspondent 5 A newsreader
1
H Exercise 4
U 1 news website 2 ten o’clock news 3 news channels
2 3 R 4 presenters 5 commercials 6 on the radio 7 radio stations
4 5 F 6 F R
O 5 D E F O R E S T A T I O N Exercise 5
I R R A M C 1a 2d 3d 4c 5b
7 F L O O D E R I A
S U S T N N
P G T H E E
I H F Q
L T I U
L R A
E K
E

Computers and the Internet


Exercise 1
1 keyboard 2 mouse 3 printer 4 speakers 5 pendrive
6 tablet 7 smartphone 8 headset / headphones

THAT’S ENGLISH! 89
Answer Key Grammar
Exercise 4
ANSWER KEY GRAMMAR 1 Should she visit the Prado Museum? Yes, she should.
2 Should they go to an Indian restaurant? No, they shouldn’t.
Present simple / Present continuous 3 Should he try to learn Chinese? No, he shouldn’t.
4 Should they go to Vietnam for their honeymoon? No, they shouldn’t.
Exercise 1 5 Should he visit Asturias in Spain during his holiday? Yes, he should.
1b 2f 3e 4c 5h 6a 7g 8d

Exercise 2
Obligation: must have to Necessity: need to
1 are you working 2 Do you like 3 Do you eat 4 is Kate doing Exercise 1
5 Is she looking for 6 Does he prefer 1 must listen to / have to listen to 2 Do I have to go z 3 must talk
to / have to talk to 4 must read / has to read 5 must get / have
Exercise 3 to get 6 Do they have to take
1 is running 2 never eats 3 OK 4 do you usually do
5 isn’t raining 6 don’t need 7 OK 8 isn’t playing Exercise 2
1 I have to help her with her revision. 2 He has to go to the dentist.
Exercise 4 3 I have to buy her a present. 4 I have to get a new one. 5 They
1 am sitting 2 is shining 3 don’t open 4 wants 5 is shopping have to wash it. 6 You have to change your glasses.
6 needs 7 walk 8 don’t want 9 Is it raining 10 ´m feeling
11 is playing 12 is working 13 never gets 14 don’t want Exercise 3
15 are having 16 hate 17 ’m waiting 18 usually stays 1 Do we have to / Do we need to fasten our seatbelts?
2 Do I have to pay a fine? [*]
Past simple Past time clauses How long? and For 3 Do I / we have to / Do I / we need to speak English in class? [*]
4 Do I have to / Do I need to take my passport?
Exercise 1 5 Do I have to / Do I need to take antibiotics?
1 passed 2 left 3 didn’t go 4 studied 5 found [*] 6 met 7 fell 6 Do I have to work this afternoon? [*]
8 didn’t want 9 bought 10 got 11 had 12 started [*] ‘need to’ también es posible, pero es más natural con 'have to', por la situación; con
[*] 5: ‘got’ también es posible, pero se necesita para 10 'have to' se enfatiza la idea de obligación, y con 'need to' la de necesidad.

Exercise 2 Exercise 4
1 How long did Kate and Alan work together? They worked 1 Ethan has to / must help in the garden. [*]
together for three years. 2 Ellie has to / needs to / must study.
2 When did they get married? They got married in 2005. 3 Andrew needs to / has to / must fix his bicycle.
3 How long did Alan work in France? He worked there for three months. 4 Colin has to / must / take the dog for a walk. [*]
4 When did they go to Venice? They went there last month. [*] 5 Gwen has to / needs to / must make a cake.
5 When did they have a baby? They had a baby two years ago. 6 Jess and Matt have to / need to / must choose a name for their baby.
[*] 4: No es posible ‘How long did they go to Venice for? They went to Venice for a
7 Janine has to / must pay for the broken cup [*]
month’ porque necesitaríamos tener en la pregunta ‘a month’ o ‘one month’
[*] ‘need to’ sería menos natural.

Exercise 3 Exercise 5
1 Julie didn’t start school when she was four years old. She 1 Do they must take off their shoes before they come in? have to
started school when she was five (years old). 2 She didn’t play 2 Jane lives outside the city so she have take a train daily. has to
hockey before she went to university. She started playing hockey 3 Have you to carry your ID card always? Do you have
when she went to university. 3 She didn’t take a trip round the 4 I can’t come out – I need finish my homework. need to
world after she moved to South Africa. She took a trip round the world 5 We don’t have any tickets - need we get to the cinema early?
before she moved to South Africa. 4 She didn’t buy a house before Do we need to
she went back to England. She bought a house when (/ after) she
went back to England. 5 She didn’t become a professional
photographer when she was in South Africa. She became a
Questions Time expressions
professional photographer after she went back to England. Exercise 1
Anne: What do you do / are you doing on your laptop now?
Exercise 4 Joe: I’m checking how to get to the Killers concert. Have you
1 Sarah started school when she was 4. 2 After I left school I ever seen / Did you ever seen them?
went into the army. 3 The first time I fell in love I was 14. Anne: No, I haven’t.
4 Before I went to England I didn’t speak any English. 5 When I Joe: You want / Do you want to come?
lived with my parents I didn’t go out every night. Anne: Have you got / Do you have got tickets?
Joe: Yes, I got them this morning.
Permission: can can't may may not Anne: What time does it starts / does it start?
Joe: At nine.
Advice: should shouldn't Anne: Great. Can Tina come / Can come Tina too?
Exercise 1 Joe: I’ve only got two tickets.
1 Can I turn on the TV, please? 2 May I take a photo, please? 3 Anne: OK, don’t worry. Do we need to / Need we be there early?
May I use the toilet, please? 4 Can / may I bring my dog with me, Joe: No, I think 8.30 is fine. What time do / does you have to be home?
please? 5 Can / may I touch the animals / the monkey, please? Anne: I can’t stay out after midnight. Should we / Do we should
eat something before the concert?
Exercise 2 Joe: Yes, we should. Are you going to / Do you go to be at band
1 You may / can wear jeans but you may not / cannot wear shorts. [*] practice tomorrow?
2 You can pay cash but you cannot pay with a credit card. Anne: Yes. We can decide where to meet tomorrow.
3 You may / can look at the paintings but you may not / cannot Joe: Fine. Bye!
touch the paintings. [*]
4 You can borrow 20 € but you cannot borrow 100 €. Exercise 2
5 You may / can drink water but you may not / cannot drink beer. [*] 1 When does the flight leave? 2 Must we be / Do we have to be at the
[*] Es más probable que se utilice ‘may’ si quien habla tiene cierta autoridad.
airport two hours before departure? 3 How much does the airport bus
cost? 4 Where is our hotel? 5 When did it open? 6 Do they serve
Exercise 3 breakfast? 7 Can you / I smoke in the hotel? 8 What should we visit?
1 You should buy a good bilingual dictionary. 2 You should try
to learn five new words every day. 3 You should try to make Exercise 3
English-speaking friends. 4 You shouldn’t try to speak too fast. 1 Was the hotel OK? 2 How did you get around the city? 3 Were
5 You shouldn’t worry if you don’t understand native speakers. English people friendly? 4 Where did you have your meals? 5 What
6 You shouldn’t forget to do your homework. do Londoners do in the evening? 6 How much did the British Museum
cost? 7 When did you get back? 8 Did you buy me a present?

90 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Answer Key Grammar
Exercise 4 Exercise 2
1 Phil plays tennis once a month 2 Brad and Linda have a 1 She isn’t playing tennis before work on Monday. She’s playing
holiday twice a year but they hardly ever travel by plane tennis after work.
3 Daphne goes abroad once a year 4 Brad and Linda play tennis 2 She isn’t having dinner with the girls on Wednesday evening.
every evening / in the evening 5 Daphne plays tennis every day She’s having dinner with them on Tuesday.
6 Phil goes abroad five times a year 7 Brad and Linda are going 3 She isn’t going to the gym on Tuesday morning. She’s going on
abroad next month 8 Phil had a holiday in April 2011 Wednesday morning.
4 She isn’t seeing the dentist on Friday. She’s seeing the dentist
What (a)…! How…! Use and omission of the on Thursday.
definite article 5 She isn’t having a party on Thursday. She’s having it on Saturday.
Exercise 1
Exercise 3
1 great news 2 a pity 3 beautiful 4 exciting 5 an awful job
1 Are you going to study 2 is having. 3 is Frankie leaving /
Exercise 2 is Frankie going to leave 4 are your friends arriving / are your
1 What amazing sunglasses! / How amazing! 2 What an friends going to arrive?
incredible concert! / How incredible! 3 What a disgusting meal! /
How disgusting! 4 What wonderful cars! / How wonderful! Exercise 4
5 What a fantastic view! / How fantastic! 6 What a beautiful 1 to improve / to understand 2 speaking / writing 3 learning 4 to
dress! / How beautiful! check 5 to come back 6 taking 7 to stay 8 to answer 9 working

Exercise 3 Present perfect with ever and never / Present


1 Harry hates exams, but the Science exams that he had
yesterday were not too difficult.
perfect simple vs past simple
2 My sister likes bright clothes. She thinks dark clothes are boring. Exercise 1
3 This is a good cinema. The seats are very comfortable and the 1 He has eaten snake. 2 He has appeared on TV many times. 3 He
tickets are cheap. has never been into space. 4 He has written many books. 5 He has
4 My favourite sport is tennis. The tennis club at my sports centre never lived in Japan. 6 He has never sailed round the world alone.
is fantastic.
5 It’s hard for young people to find work nowadays. Exercise 2
6 I went swimming yesterday. The water was freezing. 1 Have you ever played basketball? 2 Have you ever eaten
7 John always wears sunglasses because he has a problem with snake? 3 Have you ever flown a helicopter? 4 Have you ever
his eyes. met a celebrity? 5 Have you ever ridden a horse? 6 Have you
8 I never go to Luigi’s Pizzas. The food is expensive and the ever been skiing? 7 Have you ever driven a Ferrari? 8 Have you
waiters are really rude. ever broken your arm?

Exercise 4 Exercise 3
1 the 2 Ø 3 Ø 4 Ø 5 the 6 The 7 the 8 the 9 The 10 the 1 has visited 2 went 3 have, seen 4 watched 5 have never
played 6 didn’t come 7 worked 8 has written, won
Adjectives: comparative and superlative forms
(not) as ... as / less ... than too … / not … enough Exercise 4
Exercise 1 1 Yes, I have. I visited France and Switzerland last year. / Yes, I have. I
1 George is friendlier than Jo. 2 A Ford is cheaper than a went to France in June and to Switzerland in November last year.
Mercedes. 3 Our French teacher is more patient than our English 2 Yes, I have. I met Daniel Craig at a film premiere.
teacher. 4 Monica is better than Karen. 5 Will is less sociable 3 Yes, I have. I had snails and a delicious steak in Paris in June.
than Jean. 6 Edinburgh is further than Liverpool from London. 4 Yes, I have. I broke my arm skiing in November.
7 Nathalie is more polite than Naomi. 8 Mike is fitter than Ron. 5 No, I haven’t. I hate it!

Exercise 2 Present perfect simple con for, since, already, yet


1 Madrid is the biggest / most dangerous city in Spain. Exercise 1
2 Antarctica is the coldest continent in the world. 1 for 2 since 3 since 4 for 5 since 6 for
3 U2 is the most successful / most famous rock band in Ireland.
4 The Statue of Liberty is the most famous monument in New York. Exercise 2
5 The Caribbean is the deepest / most dangerous sea in the world. 1 How long have Sue and George been workmates? They have
6 Mont Blanc is the highest mountain in Europe. been workmates since last May.
7 Rio de Janeiro is the most dangerous / most famous city in Brazil. 2 How long has Patrick lived in France? He has lived in France for
8 Shakespeare is the best / most famous / most successful writer ten years.
in the English language. 3 How long has Julie liked rock music? She has liked rock music
Exercise 3 since she was a child.
1 Edinburgh is not as cold as Aberdeen. / Edinburgh is less cold 4 How long have you had those shoes? I’ve had these shoes for
than Aberdeen. two weeks.
2 Andrew’s brother is not as talented as Andrew. / Andrew’s 5 How long has Rory known Carmen? Rory has known Carmen
brother is less talented than Andrew. since they were at university.
3 A Porsche is as fast as a Ferrari.
4 French isn’t as difficult as Russian. / French is less difficult than Russian. Exercise 3
5 German food isn’t as spicy as Chinese food / German food is 1 He’s already done it. 2 No thanks, I’ve already had one.
less spicy than Chinese food. 3 No, they’ve already watched it. 4 She’s already bought them.
6 Jim is as tall as his girlfriend. 5 I’ve already washed them.

Exercise 4 Exercise 4
1 The coffee is too hot. It is not cold enough. 2 The exam is too 1 M: Have you met your tutor yet? A: No, I haven’t met my tutor yet.
difficult. It is not easy enough. 3 His hair is too long. It is not 2 M: Have you had your first class yet? A: Yes, I’ve already had
short enough. 4 The bag is too expensive. It is not cheap enough. my first class.
3 M: Have you bought a new computer yet? A: Yes, I’ve already
Be going to + infinitive bought a new computer.
Present continuous -ing / to + infinitive 4 M: Have you written a letter to Gran yet? A: No, I haven’t
written a letter to Gran yet.
Exercise 1
5 M: Have you got your student card yet? A: No, I haven’t got my
1 Are you going to watch 2 are going to buy / is going to make
student card yet.
3 am not going to invite 4 are you going to wash
5 are not going to eat.

THAT’S ENGLISH! 91
Answer Key Grammar
Exercise 5 Exercise 4
1 He hasn’t woken up yet. 2 They haven’t started playing yet. 1 Colin bought a nice present for Stella. 2 Linda cooked Ron a
3 He hasn’t sold his car yet. 4 They haven’t taken off yet. special dinner on his birthday. 3 I passed John the wine. 4 Val
5 They haven’t finished watching the film yet. lent her car to Norman last night. 5 I brought some flowers for
Lily when she was in hospital. 6 We gave Paul the keys before
Used to Mustn’t Don’t need to / don’t have to we left the house. 7 I sent a text message to Zoe but she didn’t
Exercise 1 get it. 8 Keith made Pam roast beef, but she’s a vegetarian!
1 They used to argue a lot. 2 He used to play rugby. 3 They
used to go out a lot. 4 He used to watch horror films. 5 They Exercise 5 (suggested answers)
used to eat unhealthy food. 1 Jake sent some flowers to his girlfriend. 2 The children made a
cake for their grandmother. 3 Helen lent Peter some money. 4 Dan
Exercise 2 told Nicholas a funny story. 5 Irene brought us a nice bottle of wine.
1 used to listen 2 used to read 3 Do you go 4 Did you use to
live 5 didn’t use to drink / never used to drink 6 goes 7 never Defining relative clauses Prefer
used to do / didn´t use to do 8 Did you use to smoke Exercise 1
1d 2f 3b 4a 5c 6e
Exercise 3
1 You mustn’t use your mobile phone. 2 You mustn’t use this Exercise 2
gate. 3 You mustn’t park here. 4 You mustn’t bring dogs here. 1 Lana del Rey is a singer who / that first became famous on the
5 You mustn’t take glass into the pool area. Internet.
2 I have a friend who is a big fan of Bono and U2.
Exercise 4 3 My brother has bought a guitar which / that cost a thousand pounds.
1 don´t need to / don´t have to 2 mustn’t 3 don’t need to / don´t 4 Joey’s hobby is collecting records which / that are from the 1950s.
have to 4 don’t need to / don´t have to 5 mustn’t 6 don’t need 5 We have a new French teacher who / that comes from Toulouse.
to / don´t have to 7 mustn’t 8 don’t need to / don’t have to 6 My parents gave me some new speakers which / that sound
really great.
If – sentences type I So … that 7 Kelly has a girlfriend who / that plays in a rock band.
Exercise 1
1 walk, will catch 2 won’t, buys 3 will happen, try 4 increase, Exercise 3
won’t 5 doesn’t 6 Will, ask 1 The Titanic was a ship which sank in 1912.
2 Cristiano Ronaldo is a footballer who plays for Real Madrid.
Exercise 2 3 Hip hop is a musical style which started in cities in the US.
1 If Joe has enough money, he‘ll buy / will buy a new camera. 4 Apple is the computer company which invented the iPad.
2 Don’t go to the beach tomorrow if it rains 5 Angelina Jolie is the actress who played Lara Croft.
3 Will you lend me some money if I pay you back this week? 6 Schumacher is a racing driver who won seven Formula 1
4 If the restaurant is full, we‘ll go / will go to a different one. Championships.
5 If Ted doesn’t feel well, he won’t come with us this evening.
6 You won’t pass your exam if you don’t work harder. Exercise 4
7 If the children are hungry, we ‘ll have / we will have lunch now. 1 She doesn’t like rock music. She prefers folk. She prefers folk to rock
music. She prefers listening to folk than listening to rock music
Exercise 3 2 She doesn’t like skirts. She prefers jeans. She prefers jeans to
1 Jane was so tired that she slept for twelve hours. skirts / She prefers wearing jeans to wearing skirts.
2 The exam was so long that the students couldn’t finish it. 3 She doesn’t like horror films. She prefers romantic comedy
3 The weather was so hot that they spent all day on the beach. films. She prefers romantic comedy films to horror films. She
4 The drink was so delicious that Frank had another glass. prefers watching romantic comedy films to watching horror films
5 The hotel was so expensive that nobody stayed there. 4 She doesn’t like driving cars. She prefers riding motorbikes.
6 Their new car was so big that it didn’t fit into the garage. She prefers motorbikes to cars. She prefers riding motorbikes
7 The film was so long that we left before the end. to driving cars.
8 She was so talented that the company offered her a job. 5 She doesn’t like skiing. She prefers surfing. She prefers surfing
to skiing. She prefers doing surfing to skiing.
Exercise 4
1 If I feel / get hungry later, I will / I’ll go to a restaurant Contrast clauses Indefinite pronouns
OR I will / I’ll make a sandwich. Exercise 1
2 If I feel / get bored today, I will / I’ll watch TV 1 Pat went to a bullfight last week but she didn’t enjoy it.
OR I will / I’ll go for a walk. 2 Sam likes going out with friends but Sally prefers staying at home.
3 If friends come over for dinner tonight, I will / I’ll make a cake 3 They usually go to Spain in the summer but this year they are
OR I will / I’ll buy some wine. going to Greece.
4 If I have time at the weekend, I will / I’ll clean the house 4 I went to bed late last night but I got to work on time this morning.
OR I will / I’ll go to the gym.
5 If we miss the bus, we will / we’ll take a taxi Exercise 2
OR we will / we’ll go on foot. 1 Although 2 However 3 although 4 Although 5 However
6 although
Agreeing and disagreeing Word order
Exercise 1 Exercise 3
1 Me neither 2 Me too 3 Me neither 4 Me too 5 Me neither 1 On the one hand, they attract lots of tourists. On the other hand,
all the hotels and restaurants put up their prices.
Exercise 2 2 On the one hand, I know she likes the family to be together. On
1 I don’t 2 I don’t 3 We did 4 I was 5 I am 6 I can 7 I do the other hand, my brother’s wife will be there and I don’t like her.
8 I haven’t 3 On the one hand, it’s nice to have lots of money. On the other
hand, it’s difficult to have a private life.
Exercise 3
1 He sent his girlfriend an email. 2 She bought her mother an Exercise 4
expensive birthday present. 3 I sold my old car to Kevin. 4 They 1 anywhere 2 Somebody 3 something 4 Everybody 5 anything
cooked a lovely meal for their grandmother. 5 We gave Jane a 6 anybody 7 somewhere 8 nothing 9 anywhere 10 something
beautiful necklace. 6 Victoria chose a new dress for her daughter.

92 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Answer Key Grammar
Exercise 5 Exercise 4
1 anything 2 somebody / someone 3 Everybody / Everyone 1 a few ideas / a little time 2 a few words, a little French
4 something 5 anywhere 6 anything 7 somewhere 8 nothing 3 a few days / a little information
Exercise 5
Past continuous Past continuous + past 1 A lot of people live in China. 2 Bill Gates has a lot of money.
simple with while and when Prepositions of 3 Not many astronauts have walked on the moon. 4 Cactuses
movement don’t need much water to live. 5 To print a document, first you
Exercise 1 put paper in the printer. Then you press the print button.
1 …was buying food at the supermarket. 2 …was driving.
3 …were playing golf. 4 …was having a shower. 5 …were Adverbs of manner Comparison of adverbs
having dinner in a restaurant. Asking for confirmation
Exercise 2 Exercise 1
1 What was Tom wearing at the party last night? 1 She is shouting angrily. 2 It is snowing heavily. 3 They / The
2 Why was the baby crying this morning? home team are playing badly. 4 He is running fast. 5 He is
3 Where were you going when I saw you yesterday? singing loudly. 6 They are waiting nervously.
4 Who were you calling when I saw you last night?
5 What was Sheila doing at 3 o’clock this morning? Exercise 2
6 Why was Kate dancing with Trevor at your party? 1 fantastic, wonderfully 2 patiently, well 3 bad, terribly
4 heavily, fast, dangerous 5 carefully 6 quietly
Exercise 3
1 Jane was watching TV when / while Lily phoned. Exercise 3
2 It started snowing when / while we were driving home. 1 George drives more dangerously than Kate. = Kate doesn’t
3 When / while I was waiting for the bus I met a really interesting girl. drive as dangerously as George. / Kate drives less dangerously
4 Liz was having breakfast when / while she started to feel sick. than George. / Kate drives more carefully than George.
5 Sophie broke her arm when / while she was playing football. 2 Rory plays tennis worse than Gerry.= Gerry doesn’t play tennis
as badly as Rory. / Gerry plays less badly than Rory. / Gerry
Exercise 4 plays better than Rory.
1 into 2 out of 3 along 4 through 5 down 6 across 3 Ana speaks English better / more fluently than Lola.= Lola
doesn’t speak English as well / as fluently as Ana. / Lola speaks
Exercise 5 English less well / less fluently than Ana. / Lola speaks English
1 had 2 was driving 3 saw 4 was wearing 5 wasn’t wearing worse than Ana.
6 stopped 7 got 8 was 9 didn’t take off 10 had 11 started 4 Kitty runs faster than Bonzo.= Bonzo doesn’t run as fast as Kitty. /
12 drove 13 noticed 14 was running 15 wasn’t looking 16 was Bonzo runs less fast than Kitty. / Bonzo runs more slowly than Kitty.
watching 17 took off 18 turned 19 opened 20 were 21 was 5 Louise works harder than Larry. = Larry doesn’t work as hard as
moving 22 woke up 23 was sweating 24 didn’t feel Louise. / Larry works less hard than Louise.
6 Paula eats more healthily than Karen.= Karen doesn’t eat as
healthily as Paula./ Karen eats less healthily than Paula. / Karen
Possibility: may might can eats more unhealthily than Paula.
Hope
Exercise 4
Exercise 1
1 Doesn’t the concert start at 8 o’clock? - Does it?
1 might not go; might come 2 might stay, might drive 3 might
2 Isn’t Liv Tyler the daughter of a rock star? - Is she?
not win, might play 4 might be, might want
3 Didn’t Eva Green appear in a James bond film? - Did she?
4 Hasn’t Bruce Springsteen performed in Madrid three times?
Exercise 2
- Has he?
1 It may / might snow tomorrow. 2 They may / might not come
5 Isn’t Shakira singing at Rock in Rio this year? - Is she?
to the meeting. 3 Sue may / might not have time to see you.
6 Didn’t Daniel Craig and Rachel Weisz get married in Barbados?
4 I may / might get a new job. 5 We may / might not be here next
- Did they?
year. 6 Pete may / might lend us some money.

Exercise 3 Passive voice


1 Well, we can go to the cinema or we can have dinner with Keith Exercise 1
and Margie. A major hurricane (1) devastated the eastern United States last week.
2 Well, you can watch a bullfight or you can visit the Prado. Many houses (2) were destroyed, sea water (3) covered the streets
3 Well, you can go by plane or you can take the train. in several towns and electricity (4) has not been restored yet in some
4 Well, you can join Greenpeace or you can contact local politicians. places. Angry residents (5) are protesting to the local authorities.
5 Well, you can talk to your boss or you can change jobs. Exercise 2
6 Well, you can take it to the garage or you can buy a new one. 1 A diamond has been stolen from a millionaire’s mansion.
2 The Cup Final was watched by 100,000 people last Saturday.
Exercise 4 3 Thousands of pets are killed on the roads every year.
1 Harry hopes to buy a new car next Christmas. 2 He hopes that 4 The missing boy has been found alive and well.
David gets a good job. 3 He hopes to start playing golf. 4 He hopes 5 A man was attacked by a dog yesterday.
that David gets married soon. 5 He hopes to visit the Golden Gate
Bridge next year. 6 He hopes that David starts a family. Exercise 3
1 Where was it taken? 2 Where was it made? 3 Has it been
Asking for and giving instructions Quantifiers redecorated recently? 4 When were they painted? 5 Has he been
promoted? 6 How many magazines / copies are sold each week?
Exercise 1
1 open the cover 2 put in the battery 3 put in the memory card Exercise 4
4 close the cover 5 turn on the camera 1 3 million copies of The Sun newspaper are sold in Britain every day.
2 News Corporation is owned by Rupert Murdoch. 3 Reporters
Exercise 2 from the company have been investigated (by the police). 4 A senior
1 do I do first 2 you check 3 then do I start 4 how do I start editor was arrested in March 2012. 5 The phones of famous people
moving 5 like this 6 wait a minute were hacked by reporters. 6 Confidential information was stolen.
7 Rupert Murdoch and his son were questioned by Members of
Exercise 3 Parliament. 8 An investigation has been opened by the FBI.
1 a lot of 2 many / a lot of 3 much / a lot of 4 a lot of 5 much / Exercise 5
a lot of 6 a lot of 7 many / a lot of 8 a lot of 1 have detected 2 were received 3 were sent 4 wasn’t made
5 has been analysed 6 want 7 were we contacted

THAT’S ENGLISH! 93
Index

a bit of 80 dreams 22, 36


accessories 16 education 22
adjectives + prepositions 30 (adjective +) enough 58
adverbs of manner 82 environment 38
advertising 28 ever 62
a few 80 everybody, everyone,
everything, everywhere 74
after 48
feelings 8
agreeing 70
festivals 34
a little 80
films 42
a lot of 80
for 48, 64
already 64
giving instructions 80
although 74
habits 6, 20
ambitions and achievements 22
have to 52
anybody, anyone,
anything, anywhere 74 (don’t) have to 66
arrangements 20 health 12
as … as 58 holidays 34
asking for confirmation 82 hope 78
asking for instructions 80 how...! 56
bad habits 20 however 74
before 48 how long? 48
be going to 60 humour 30
behaviour 18 if-sentences 68
but 74 illness 12
by 84 indefinite pronouns 74
can 50, 78 instruments (musical) 32
celebrations 34 intentions 20
cinema 42 Internet 40
clothes 16 job hunting 24
comparison of adjectives 58 (a) job interview 24
comparison of adverbs 82 language learning 10
computers 40 leisure 26
contrast clauses 74 less … than 58
CV 24 lifestyles 6
defining relative clauses 72 many 80
definite article 56 may 50, 78
disagreeing 70 media 44
disasters 38 might 78

94 THAT’S ENGLISH!
Index

modal verbs 50 rules 26


much 80 should 50
music 32 show business 42
must 52 since 64
mustn’t 66 sleep 36
national days 34
somebody, someone,
need to 52 something, somewhere 74
(don’t) need to 66 so … that 68
never 62 sport 22
news 44 that 72
nobody, no one,
theatre 42
nothing, nowhere 74
on the one hand … time expressions 54
on the other hand 74 too + adjective 58
passive voice 84 traditions 34
past continuous 76 travel 22
past simple 48, 76
travelling
past time clauses 48 (by plane / train) 14
personal biography 22 treatments 12
personal details 18 turning points in life 8
personality 18 TV 44
places to live 22
used to 66
plans 20
using the dictionary 10
politics 44
venues 42
prefer 72
verb patterns 60
prepositions
of movement 76 verbs of movement 36
present continuous 46, 60 what (a)…! 56
present perfect simple 62, 64 when 48, 76
present perfect simple which 72
vs past simple 62
while 76
present simple 46
who 72
press 44
word formation 30
quantifiers 80
questions 54 word order 70

radio 44 work 22

recycling 38 working conditions 24

relationships 22 world wide web 40


resolutions 20 yet 64

THAT’S ENGLISH! 95