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2007, OUTRAM LINES, 1ST FLOOR, NEAR GTB NAGAR METRO STATION, GATE NO.

- 2, DELHI-110009

SSC JE OBJECTIVE 2016


(BMC)

d .
1 - Plaster of Paris is obtained by calcining starts increasing
_______. (D) all options are correct

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(A) bauxite (B) gypsum 7. Strength of cement concrete primarily
(C) kankar (D) lime stone depends upon _______.
2. For the manufacture of Portland cement the (A) quality of water
proportions of raw material used are _______. (B) quantity of aggregate
(A) lime 63%; silica 22%; other

.
(C) quantity of cement
ingredients 15% (D) water-cement ratio

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(B) silica 22%; lime 63%; other ingredients 8. The most valuable timber may be obtained
15% from _______.
(C) silica 40%; lime 40%; other ingredients (A) chir (B) shisham
40%
sp (C) sal (D) teak
(D) silica 70%; lime 20%; other ingredients
9. The timber having maximum resistance
20%
against white ants is obtained from _______.
3. To retard the initial setting time of cement,
(A) chir (B) shisham
the compound responsible is _______.
(C) sal (D) teak
(A) Tri-calcium silicate
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10. Due to attack of dry rot, the timber _______.


(B) Gypsum
(A) cracks
(C) Di-calcium silicate
(B) shrinks
(D) Tri calcium aluminate
(C) reduces to powder
4. Quick setting cement is produced by adding
m

_______. (D) none of these


(A) less amount of gypsum in very fine 11. A concrete having a slump of 6.5 cm is said
powdered form to be _______.
(B) more amount of gypsum in very fine (A) dry (B) earth moist
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powdered form (C) semi-plastic (D) plastic


(C) aluminium sulphate in very f ine 12. Concrete is unsuitable for compaction by a
powdered form vibrator if it is _______.
(D) pozzolana in very fine powdered form (A) dry (B) earth moist
5. If P is the percentage of water required for (C) semi-plastic (D) plastic
normal consistency, water to be added for 13. The increased cohesiveness of concrete,
determination of initial setting time is makes it _______.
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_______. (A) less liable to segregation


(A) 0.70 P (B) 0.75 P (B) more liable to segregation
(C) 0.80 P (D) 0.85 P (C) more liable to bleeding
6. Pick up the correct statement from the (D) more liable for surface scaling in frosty
following. weather
(A) Adding 5% to 6% moisture content by 14. After casting, an ordinary cement concrete
weight, increases the volume of dry on drying _______.
sand from 18% to 38%
(A) expands
(B) The bulking of fine sand is more than (B) either expands or shrinks
that of coarse sand
(C) shrinks
(C) If the percentage content of moisture
(D) none of these
exceeds 10%, increase in bulk of sand

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2007, OUTRAM LINES, 1ST FLOOR, NEAR GTB NAGAR METRO STATION, GATE NO. - 2, DELHI-110009
15. To obtain cement dry powder lime stones 22. According to IS : 382-1963, a good aggregate
and shales or their slurry is burnt in a rotary should be _______.
kiln at a temperature between _______. (A) chemically inert
(A) 1100° and 1200° C (B) sufficiently strong
(B) 1200° and 1300° C (C) hard and durable

.
(C) 1300° and 1400° C (D) All options are correct
(D) 1400° and 1500° C

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23. An aggregate is known as cyclopean
16. The minimum percentage of chemical aggregate if its size is more than _______.
ingredient of cement is that of _______. (A) 4.75 mm (B) 30 mm

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(A) magnesium oxide (C) 60 mm (D) 75 mm
(B) iron oxide 24. The bulk density of aggregates does not
(C) alumina depend upon _______.
(D) lime (A) size and shape of aggregates
17. Pick up the correct proportions of chemical (B) specific gravity of aggregates

.
ingredients of cement. (C) grading of aggregates

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(A) Lime : Silica : Alumina : Iron oxide = (D) size and shape of the container
63 : 22 : 6 : 3 25. The aggregate containing moisture in pores
(B) Silica : Lime : Alumina : Iron oxide = and having its surface dry is known as
63 : 22 : 6 : 3
sp _______.
(C) Alumina : Silica : Lime : Iron oxide = (A) moist aggregates
63 : 22 : 6 : 3 (B) very dry aggregates
(D) Iron oxide : Alumina : Silica : Lime = (C) dry aggregates
63 : 22 : 6 : 3
(D) saturated surface dry aggregate
18. Pick up the correct statement from the
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26. If 20 kg of coarse aggregate is sieved through


following.
80 mm, 40 mm, 20 mm, 10 mm, 4.75 mm,
(A) Lime in excess, causes the cement to 2.36 mm, 1.18 mm, 600 micron, 300 micron,
expand and disintegrate and 150 micron standard sieves and the
(B) Silica in excess, causes the cement to weights retained are 0 kg, 2 kg, 8 kg, 6 kg, 4
m

set slowly kg respectively, the fineness modulus of the


(C) Alumina in excess, reduces the aggregate lies in the range of _______.
strength of the cement (A) 6.85 - 7.10 (B) 7.20 - 7.45
(D) all options are correct (C) 7.50 - 7.75 (D) None of these
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19. For an ordinary Portland cement _______. 27. Pick up the correct statement from the
(A) Residual does not exceed 10% when following.
sieved through IS Sievel No. 9 (A) Gypsum in cement decreases the
(B) Soundness varies from 5 to 10 mm setting time
(C) Initial setting time is not less than (B) The first compound of cement which
30 minutes reacts with water is C2S
(D) Compressive stress after 7 days, is not (C) Bulking of sand is less when its
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less than 175 kg/cm² particles are fine


20. The commercial name of white and colored (D) all options are correct
cement in India is _______. 28. The datum temperature for maturity by
(A) colocrete Plowman, is _______.
(B) rainbow cement (A) 23°C (B) 0°
(C) silvicrete (C) – 5.6° C (D) –11.7°
(D) all options are correct 29. The standard size of brick as per Indian
standards is ______.
21. Inert material of a cement concrete mix is
_______. (A) 20 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm
(B) 23 cm × 12 cm × 8 cm
(A) water (B) cement
(C) 19 cm × 9 cm × 9cm
(C) aggregate (D) none of these
(D) 18 cm × 9 cm x × cm

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2007, OUTRAM LINES, 1ST FLOOR, NEAR GTB NAGAR METRO STATION, GATE NO. - 2, DELHI-110009
30. The quick lime as it comes from kiln is 39. Durability of concrete is proportional to
called ______. ______.
(A) Milk lime (B) hydraulic lime (A) sand content
(C) Lump lime (D) Hydrated lime (B) water-cement ratio
31. How does the seasoning of timber help? (C) aggregate ratio

.
A. It increases the weight of timber (D) cement-aggregate ratio

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B. It improves the strength properties of 40. The Young's modulus of concrete (Ec) is given
timber by _______.

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(A) Only A (B) Only B (A) 1000 fck (B) 5000 f ck
(C) Both A and B (D) None of these
32. The ductility value of bitumen is ______. (C) 5000 fck (D) 1000 f ck

(A) Equal to that of tar 41. Low temperature during concrete laying
(B) More than that of tar ______.

.
(C) Less than that of tar (A) increases strength

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(B) decreases strength
(D) None of these
(C) has no effect on strength
33. The penetration test on bitumen is used for
determining its ______. (D) depends on other factors
42. The preliminary test is repeated if the
(A) Grade (B) Ductility
sp difference compressive strength of three
(C) Viscosity (D) None of these test specimens, exceeds _____.
34. Quartzite is a ______. (A) 5 kg/cm2 (B) 8 kg/cm2
(A) Sandy rock (B) Siliceous rock (C) 10 kg/cm 2
(D) 15 kg/cm2
(C) Organic rock (D) Calcareous rock 43. The entrained air in concrete ______.
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35. Plaster of Paris can be obtained from the (A) increases workability
calcination of ______. (B) decreases workability
(A) Lime stone (B) Gypsum (C) increases strength
(C) Dolomite (D) Bauxite (D) None of these
m

36. A brick masonry could fail due to ______. 44. Poisson's ratio for concrete ______.
(A) Rupture along a vertical joint in poorly (A) increases with richer mix
bonded walls (B) decreases with richer mix
(B) Shearing along a horizontal plane
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(C) remains constant


(C) Crushing due to overloading (D) None of these
(D) Any of these 45. The test most suitable for concrete of very
37. Which of the following statements is correct? low workability is _______.
(A) Excess of alumina in the clay makes (A) Slum test
the brick brittle and weak. (B) Compaction factor test
(B) Excess of alumina in the clay makes (C) Vee-Bee test
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the brick crack and warp on drying. (D) All optons are correct
(C) Excess of alumina in the clay leaves 46. The workability of concrete can be improved
high power deposit on the brick. by _______.
(D) Excess of alumina in the clay improves (A) More sand
impermeability and durability of the (B) More cement
brick. (C) More fine aggregate
38. The compressive strength of 100 mm cube (D) Fineness of coarse aggregate
as compared to 150 mm cube is always 47. Strength of concrete increases with _____.
______.
(A) Increase in water cement ratio
(A) less (B) more
(B) Decrease in water cement ratio
(C) equal (D) None of these
(C) Decrease in size of aggregate
(D) Decrease in curing time
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2007, OUTRAM LINES, 1ST FLOOR, NEAR GTB NAGAR METRO STATION, GATE NO. - 2, DELHI-110009
48. Density of concrete _______. (B) Reduction in curing period
(A) Increases with a decrease in the size (C) Retardation of loss of moisture
of aggregate (D) All optons are correct
(B) In independent of the size of aggregate 57. Modulus of elasticity for concrete improves
(C) Increases with increase in the size of by ______.

.
aggregate (A) Shorter curing period

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(D) All options are correct (B) Age
49. Workability of concrete mix with low water (C) Higher W.C. ratio
cement ratio is determined by ______. (D) All optons are correct

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(A) Slump test 58. Minimum number of test specimens
(B) Tensile strength test required for finding the compressive
(C) Compaction factor test strength of concrete are ________.
(D) Flexural strength test (A) 3 (B) 5
(C) 6 (D) 9

.
50. If the compaction factor is 0.95, the
workability is concrete is _______. 59. Too wet concrete may cause _______.

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(A) Very low (B) Low (A) Segregation
(C) Medium (D) High (B) Lower density
51. Which of the following proportion of the (C) Weakness of concrete
ingredients of concrete mix, is not in
sp (D) All optons are correct
conformat ion to arbitrary method of 60. Curing period is minimum for concrete
proportioning? using ________.
(A) 1 : 1 : 2 (B) 1 : 2 : 4
(A) Rapid hardening cement
(C) 1 : 3 : 6 (D) 1 : 4 : 10 (B) Low heat cement
52. Concrete gains strength due to ________.
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(C) Ordinary Portland cement


(A) Chemical action of cement with coarse (D) Slag cement
aggregate
61. If 50 kg of fine aggregates and 100 kg of
(B) Hydration of cement
coarse aggregates are mixed in a concrete
(C) Evaporation of water whose water cement ratio is 0.6, the weight
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(D) All optons are correct of water required for harsh mix is ______.
53. Maximum shrinkage takes place in (A) 8 kg (B) 10 kg
concrete after drying for ______. (C) 12 kg (D) 14 kg
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(A) 28 days (B) Three months 62. In a mix if the desired slump is not obtained,
(C) Six months (D) One year the adjustment for each concrete slump
54. Under constant load the Creep strain in difference is made by adjusting water
concrete is _______. content by ______.
(A) Time dependent (A) 0.25% (B) 0.5%
(B) Temperature dependent (C) 0.75% (D) 1%
(C) Moisture dependent 63. In case of hand mixing of concrete, the extra
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cement to be added is ______.


(D) None of these
(A) 5% (B) 10%
55. The light weight concrete is prepared by
(C) 15% (D) 20%
______.
64. Which of the following is the reason for the
(A) Using light aggregate
decrease in the use of stones as building
(B) Formation of air voids in cement by material?
omitting sand
(A) Steel and R.C.C. are less bulky and
(C) Formation of air voids in cement more durable
paste by the substances causing foam
(B) strength of stones cannot be rationally
(D) All optons are correct analysed
56. Addition of calcium chloride in concrete (C) stones are not conveniently available
results in _______. in plains
(A) Increased strength (D) All options are correct
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2007, OUTRAM LINES, 1ST FLOOR, NEAR GTB NAGAR METRO STATION, GATE NO. - 2, DELHI-110009
65. The solidification of molten magma when it (C) tensile strength
reaches the surface of earth results in the (D) All options are correct
formation of 75. If 1500 g of water is required to have 1875 g
(A) sedimentary rocks cement paste of normal consistency, the
(B) metamorphic rocks percentage of water is _____.
(A) 20% (B) 25%

.
(C) basalts and traps
(D) granite (C) 30% (D) 35%

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76. Under normal conditions using ordinary
66. The argillaceous rocks have their principal
cement, the period of removal of the form
constituents as

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work, is
(A) lime (B) clay (A) 7 days for beam soffits
(C) sand (D) None of these (B) 14 days for bottom slabs of spans 4.6 m
67. When a br ick is cut into t wo halves and more
longitudinally, one part is called:- (C) 21 days for bottom beams over 6 m spans
(A) king closer (D) All options are correct

.
(B) cornice brick 77. For given water content, workability

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(C) queen closer decreases if the concrete aggregates contain
an excess of
(D) voussoir
(A) thin particles
68. The red colour obtained by the bricks is due
(B) flat particles
to the presence of:-
sp (C) elongated particles
(A) lime (B) silica
(D) All options are correct
(C) manganese (D) iron oxide 78. For ensuring quality of concrete, use
69. Which constituent of the cement, upon (A) single sized aggregates
addition of water, sets and hardens first? (B) two sized aggregate
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(A) tri-calcium silicate (C) graded aggregates


(B) tri-calcium aluminate (D) coarse aggregates
(C) di-calcium silicate 79. According to I.S.: 456, the number of grades
(D) free lime of concrete mixes, is _____.
70. The aggregate is called fine aggregate if it (A) 3 (B) 4
m

is completely retained on (C) 5 (D) 7


80. The mixture of different ingredients of
(A) 0.15 mm sieve (B) 0.30 mm sieve
cement, is burnt at:-
(C) 4.75 mm sieve (D) None of these
(A) 1000°C (B) 1200°C
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71. The solution of salts from the soil absorbed (C) 1400°C (D) 1600°C
by the trees which becomes a viscous 70. The risk of segregation is more for:-
solution due to loss of moisture and action
(A) wetter mix
of carbon dioxide is known as:-
(B) larger proportion of maximum size
(A) pith (B) cambium aggregate
(C) bark (D) sap (C) coarser grading
72. Shingle is (D) All options are correct
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(A) water bound pebbles 81. After casting, an ordinary cement concrete
(B) disintegrated laterite on drying:-
(C) crushed granite (A) expands (B) mix
(C) shrinks (D) None of these.
(D) None of these
82. Hydration of cement is due to chemical
73. Good quality sand is never obtained from
action of water with:-
which of the following source?
(A) Tricalcium silicate and dicalcium
(A) riverbed (B) nala silicate
(C) sea (D) gravel powder (B) Dicalcium silicate and tricalcium
74. For quality control of Portland cement, the aluminate
test essentially done is (C) Tricalcium aluminate and tricalcium
(A) setting time alumino ferrite
(B) soundness (D) All options are correct
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2007, OUTRAM LINES, 1ST FLOOR, NEAR GTB NAGAR METRO STATION, GATE NO. - 2, DELHI-110009
83. The grade of concrete M 150 means that concrete
compressive strength of a 15 cm cube after (B) Consistency does not affect the
28 days, is _____. workability of concrete
(A) 100 kg/cm2 (B) 150 kg/cm2 (C) If the slump increases, workability
(C) 200 kg/cm2 (D) 250 kg/cm2 decreases

.
84. Permissible compressive strength of M 300 (D) None of these
concrete grade (in kg/cm) is

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91. Identify the process responsible for the
(A) 100 (B) 150 formation of sedimentary rocks.
(C) 200 (D) 300 (A) solidification of molt en mass of

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85. Curing ______. silicates below or at the surface of the
earth
(A) reduces the shrinkage of concrete
(B) changes in text ure or mineral
(B) preserves the properties of concrete
composition or both of igneous and
(C) prevents the loss of water by sedimentary rocks due to high

.
evaporation temperature and heavy pressure

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(D) All options are correct (C) deposited layers of sand and silt
86. The maximum amount of dust which may subjected enormous overburden
be permitted in aggregates is pressures over geological times
(A) 5% of the total aggregates for low (D) None of the options
workability with a coarse grading
sp 92. Pegmatite is an example of
(B) 10% of the total aggregates for low (A) sedimentary rock
workability with a fine grading
(B) extrusive igneous rock
(C) 20% of the total aggregates for a mix
(C) intrusive igneous rock
having high workability with fine
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grading (D) metamorphic rock


(D) All options are correct 93. Most of the stones possess the specific
gravity in the range of ______.
87. Proper proportioning of concr ete,
ensures_______. (A) 1 to 1.5 (B) 1.5 to 2.0
(A) desired strength and workability (C) 2.4 to 2.8 (D) 3 to 4
m

(B) desired durability 94. The indentation provided in the face of the
brick is called ______.
(C) water tightness of the structure
(A) frog (B) pallet
(D) All options are correct
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(C) strike (D) None of the these


88. Pick up the correct statement from the
95. Terra cotta, in buildings, is used for ______.
following.
(A) insulation
(A) Higher workability indicates unexpected
increase in the moisture content (B) ornamental work
(B) Higher workability indicates deficiency (C) sewage lines
of sand (D) sanitary services
96. The Paints that are most resistant to fire
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(C) If the concrete mix is dry, the slump is


zero are _____.
(D) All options are correct (A) enamel paints
89. The top diameter, bottom diameter and the (B) aluminium paints
height of a slump mould are _____. (C) asbestos paints
(A) 10 cm, 20 cm, 30 cm (D) cement paints
(B) 10 cm, 30 cm, 20 cm 97. The sub-classification of sedimentary rocks
_______.
(C) 20 cm, 10 cm, 30 cm
(A) volcanic and plutonic
(D) 20 cm, 30 cm, 10 cm
(B) mechanical, chemical, organic
90. Pick up the correct statement from the
(C) intrusive, extrusive
following.
(D) stratified, un-stratified
(A) Segregation is necessary for a workable
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2007, OUTRAM LINES, 1ST FLOOR, NEAR GTB NAGAR METRO STATION, GATE NO. - 2, DELHI-110009
98. The separation of water on the fresh (C) 1.9 (D) 1.3
concrete is known as ______. 107. The process of mixing clay, water and other
(A) segregation (B) hydratio ingredients to make bricks is known as
(C) bleeding (D) None of the these (A) empering (B) Kneading
99. The purpose of the soundness test of cement (C) Pugging (D) Moulding
108. Excess of silica in the clay _____.

.
is ______.
(A) makes the brick brittle and weak

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(A) to determine the presence of free lime
(B) makes the brick crack and warp on
(B) to determine the setting time
drying

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(C) to determine the sound proof quality of
(C) changes the colour of the brick from red
cement
to yellow
(D) to determine the fineness
(D) impr oves t he impermeability and
100. Distemper is used on ______. durability of the brick
(A) plastered surface not exposed to 109. The cementing property of cement is mainly
weather

.
due to
(B) plastered surface exposed to weather

vt
(A) lime (B) alumina
(C) roof tops (C) silica (D) gypsum
(D) un-plastered brick wall 110. The setting and hardening of cement paste
101. A layer of dry bricks put below the foundation is mainly due to the hydration and hydrolysis
sp
concrete, in the case of soft soils, is called of
______. (A) Tri calcium silicate
(A) soling (B) shoring (B) Tetra calcium alumina ferrite
(C) D.P.C. (D) None of these (C) Di calcium silicate
102. Which of the f ollowing is the main (D) Tri calcium aluminate
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composition of granite? 111. The rapid hardening Portland cement is


(A) Quartz, feldspar and mica obtained by _____.
(B) Quartz and lime (A) grinding the clinker to a high degree
of fineness
(C) Quartz and silica
(B) adding calcium sulphate to the mixture
(D) Silica, lime and alumina
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(C) adding gypsum after grinding


103. Which of the following is good for making the
(D) bur ning t he mixture at a lower
bricks?
temperature
(A) Silted soil
112. As per IS specifications, what should be the
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(B) Weathered clay maximum final setting time for ordinary


(C) Soil Portland cement?
(D) None of these (A) 30 minutes (B) 10 hours
104. Marble is an example of (C) 1 hour (D) 6 hours
(A) Aqueous rock 113. If the slump of concrete mix is 60 mm its
(B) Metamorphic rock workability is ______.
(C) Sedimentary rock (A) Low (B) Medium
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(D) Igneous rock (C) High (D) Very high


105. On which of the following factors the 114. Segregation is responsible for ______.
crushing strength of stone does not depend? (A) Honey comb concrete
(A) Texture (B) Porous layers in concrete
(B) Workability (C) Sand streaks in concrete
(D) All the options are correct
(C) Spec
115. The durability of concrete is affected by
(D) Both the texture and specific gravity
______.
106. Which of the following could be the specific
(A) Cider
gravity of stone to be used as a building
(B) Vinegar
material?
(C) Alcohol
(A) 2.7 (B) 1.7
(D) Both cider and vinegar
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2007, OUTRAM LINES, 1ST FLOOR, NEAR GTB NAGAR METRO STATION, GATE NO. - 2, DELHI-110009
116. Slump test is a measure of ______. (D) All the options are correct
(A) Tensile strength 124. Steam curing is not used with ______.
(B) Compressive strength (A) Ordinary Portland cement
(C) Impact value (B) Rapid hardening cement
(D) Consistency (C) High alumina cement

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117. Shrinkage of concrete is directly (D) All the options are correct

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proportional to ______. 125. For a satisfactory workable concrete with a
(A) Cement content constant W.C. ratio increase in
(B) Sand content aggregate-cement ratio

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(C) Aggregate content (A) Increases the strength of concrete
(D) Temperature of water (B) Decreases the strength of concrete
118. Approximate value of shrinkage strain in (C) No effect on the strength of concrete
concrete is ______. (D) None of these

.
(A) 0.03 (B) 0.003 126. Addition of sugar in concrete results in
(C) 0.0003 (D) 0.00003 _______.

vt
119. Which one of the following properties of a (A) Increase in setting time by about 1hr
plastic concret e is modified by the (B) Increase in setting time by about 4 hr
air-entraining agents? (C) Decrease in setting time by about 1 hr
(A) workability
sp (D) Decrease in setting time by about 4 hr
(B) segregation 127. The aggregate impact value of the aggregate
(C) bleeding used in _______.
(D) All option are correct (A) Building concrete is less than 45
120. A concrete in which dry coarse aggregate (B) Road pavement concrete is less than 30
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are first packed to have the least voids and (C) Runway concrete is less than 30
then the cement sand mortar is injected (D) All the options are correct
under pressure to fill all the voids, resulting
128. The development of strength of cement and
in a very dense concrete, is known as
its fineness are _______.
______.
(A) Directly proportional
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(A) Pre-packet concrete


(B) Inversely proportional
(B) Vacuum concrete
(C) Not related
(C) No fines concrete
(D) Randomly related
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(D) Aerate concrete


129. Flash set of ordinary Portland cement paste
121. For protection from frost, concrete should be
is ______.
_______.
(A) Premature hardening
(A) Dense
(B) Surface hardening only
(B) Free from cracks
(C) Hardening without development of heat
(C) Adhesion between mortar and aggregate
of hydration
should be perfect
(D) All the options are correct
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(D) All the options are correct


130. In stone masonry, the stones are placed in
122. In order to have segregation in concrete
position such that the natural bedding plane
dropping height should not be less than
is ______.
______.
(A) normal to the direction of pressure
(A) 25 cm (B) 50 cm
they carry
(C) 100 cm (D) 250 cm
(B) parallel to the direction of pressure they
123. The main object of compaction of concrete carry
is ______.
(C) at 45° to the direction of pressure they
(A) To eliminate air holes carry
(B) To achieve maximum density (D) at 60° to the direction of pressure they
(C) To get intimate contact between the carry
concrete and embedded material

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2007, OUTRAM LINES, 1ST FLOOR, NEAR GTB NAGAR METRO STATION, GATE NO. - 2, DELHI-110009
131. Slate and marble stone belong to ______. 141. M 10 grade of concrete approximates ______
(A) igneous rocks mix.
(B) metamorphic rocks (A) 1 : 3 : 6 (B) 1 : 1 : 2
(C) sedimentary rocks (C) 1 : 2 : 4 (D) 1 : 1.5 : 3
(D) foliated rocks 142. The process of proper and accur ate

.
132. Find the one which is not used in quarrying? measurement of concrete ingredients for
uniformity of proportion is known as ______.

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(A) gun powder (B) gun cotton
(C) marble powder (D) dynamite (A) batching (B) grading
(C) mixing (D) None of these

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133. Hollow bricks are generally used with the
purpose of ______. 143. Air permeability test of cement is conducted
(A) reducing the cost of construction to find the _____.
(B) providing insulation against heat (A) unsoundness (B) ignition loss
(C) increasing the bearing area (C) specific gravity (D) fineness

.
(D) ornamental look 144. The approximate ratio of strength of cement
concrete at 3 months to that at 28 days of

vt
134. The lime which has the property of setting
in water is known as ______. curing is
(A) fat lime (B) Hydraulic lime (A) 1.15 (B) 1.3
(C) hydrated lime (D) quick lime (C) 1 (D) 0.75
sp
135. Bullet proof glass is made of thick glass sheet 145. The impact tests are used to determine
and a sandwiched layer of _______. _____.
(A) steel (A) ultimate crushing strength
(B) stainless steel (B) toughness
(C) high strength plastic (C) ductility
pu

(D) chromium plate (D) tenacity


136. If the rocks are formed due to alteration of 146. Curing of concrete can be done by _____.
original structure under heat and excessive
(A) Spraying
pressure, then they are known as ______.
(B) Ponding
(A) igneous (B) sedimentary
m

(C) Covering with moist cloth


(C) volcanic (D) metamorphic
137. The shape of the brick gets deformed due to (D) Any of these
rain water falling on hot brick. This defect 147. Strength of concrete is directly proportional
Ca

is known as ______. to _____.


(A) chuffs (B) bloating (A) cement-water ratio
(C) nodules (D) lamination (B) sand-cement ratio
138. The operation of removal of impurities of clay (C) water-aggregate ratio
adhering to iron ore is known as ______. (D) All optons are correct
(A) calcination (B) purification 148. Which of the following factors influence the
(C) dressing (D) refining durability of concrete?
KD

139. The specific surface expressed in square (A) The cover to embedded steel
cm²/gm of a good Portland cement should not
(B) The cement content and water-cement
be less than ______.
ratio
(A) 1750 (B) 2000
(C) The shape and the size of the member
(C) 2250 (D) 2500
(D) All options are correct
140. The strength and quality of concrete depends
on- 149. When water is added to cement _____.
(A) aggregate shape (A) heat is generated
(B) aggregate grading (B) heat is absorbed
(C) surface area of the aggregate (C) chemical reaction is initiated
(D) All optons are correct (D) Both heat is generated and chemical
reaction is initiated
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150. The lower water-cement ratio in concrete of calcium oxide is generally called _____.
produces _____. (A) fat lime (B) rich lime
(A) more density (C) white lime (D) None of these
(B) small creep and shrinkage 159. Lime putty _____.
(C) more bond (A) is made from hydraulic lime

.
(D) All optons are correct (B) is made by adding lime to water

d
151. The strength and quality of concrete depends (C) can be used only upto three days
on _____.
(D) All options are correct

Lt
(A) aggregate shape
160. For lime concrete, _____
(B) aggregate grading
(A) slump is 50 to 75 mm
(C) surface area of the aggregate
(B) flexural strength at 90 days is 0.2 N/
(D) All optons are correct mm 2

.
152. Rocks formed due to alteration of original (C) compressive strength at 90 days is 1.5
structure due to heat and excessive pressure

vt
N/mm2
are called _____.
(D) All options are correct
(A) sedimentary rocks
161. To hydrate 500 kg cement fully water needed
(B) igneous rocks is _____.
(C) metamorphic rocks
sp
(A) 100 kg (B) 110 kg
(D) None of these (C) 120 kg (D) 130 kg
153. Granite mainly composed of quartz and 162. The entrained air in concrete _____.
felsper particles is obtained from _____.
(A) increases workability
(A) sedimentary rocks
pu

(B) decreases workability


(B) metamorphic rocks
(C) decreases resistance to weathering
(C) igneous rocks
(D) increases strength
(D) All options are correct
163. The produce impermeable concrete _____.
154. In stone masonry, stones (stratified rocks)
m

are so placed that the direction of pressure (A) thorough mixing of concrete is required
to the plane of bedding is _____. (B) proper compaction of concrete is
required
(A) right angles (B) 45°
Ca

(C) 60° (D) parallel (C) proper curing of concrete is required


(D) All options are correct
155. The term frog means _____.
164. Pick up the correct statement from the
(A) an apparatus to lift the stone
following _____.
(B) a depression on a face of brick
(A) Water cement paste hardens due to
(C) vertical joint in a brick work hydration
(D) soaking brick in water (B) During hardening cement binds the
KD

156. The minimum compressive strength of 2nd aggregates together


class bricks should be _____. (C) Cement provides strength, durability
(A) 70 kg/cm2 (B) 90 kg/cm2 and water tightness to the concrete
(C) 100 kg/cm2 (D) 120 kg/cm2 (D) All options are correct
157. A pug mill is used for _____. 165. The maximum percentage of chemical
(A) softening brick earth ingredient of cement is that of _____.
(B) moulding brick earth (A) magnesium oxide
(C) tempering brick earth (B) iron oxide
(D) providing brick earth (C) aluminium
158. The lime which contains high percentage (D) lime

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2007, OUTRAM LINES, 1ST FLOOR, NEAR GTB NAGAR METRO STATION, GATE NO. - 2, DELHI-110009
166. Efflorescence in cement is caused due to an (C) 3/5 mean dimension
excess of _____. (D) 5/8 mean dimension
(A) alumina (B) iron oxide 173. Log Angles machines is used to test the
(C) silica (D) alkalis aggregate for _____.
167. Pick up the incorrect statement from the (A) crushing strength

.
following. (B) impact value

d
(A) The degree of grinding of cement, is (C) abrasion resistance
called fineness (D) water absorption
174. The impurity of mixing water which affects

Lt
(B) The process of changing cement paste
into hard mass, is known as setting of the setting time and strength of concrete is
cement _____.
(C) The phenomenon by virtue of which (A) sodium sulphates
cement does not allow transmission (B) sodium chlorides
of sound, is known as soundness of (C) sodium carbonates and bicarbonates

.
cement (D) calcium chlorides

vt
(D) The heat generated during chemical 175. Pozzolana cement is used with confidence
reaction of cement with water is known for construction of _____.
as heat of hydration (A) dams
168. You are asked to construct a massive dam,
sp (B) massive foundations
the type of cement you will use is _____.
(C) abutments
(A) ordinary Portland cement
(D) All options are correct
(B) rapid hardening cement
176. Water cement ratio is generally expressed
(C) low heat cement in volume of water required per _____.
(D) blast furnace slag cement
pu

(A) 10 kg (B) 20 kg
169. The diameter of the Vicat plunger is 10 mm (C) 30 kg (D) 50 kg
and its length varies from _____.
177. The condition not applicable to water cement
(A) 20 mm to 30 mm ratio law is _____.
(B) 30 mm to 40 mm (A) internal moistur e conditions on
m

(C) 40 mm to 50 mm hydr ation continue till complete


(D) 50 mm to 60 mm strength is gained
170. If 1500 g of water is required to have a (B) concrete specimens may be tested at
Ca

cement paste 1875 g of normal consistency any temperature


the percentage of water is _____. (C) concrete specimens are needed to be of
(A) 20% (B) 25% same age
(C) 30% (D) 35% (D) concrete specimens are needed to be of
171. Pick up the incorrect statement from the same size
following. 178. According to Water – Cement Ratio Law, the
(A) cement and standard sand mortar are strength of workable plastic concrete _____.
KD

used in the ratio of 1:3 (A) depends on amount of water used in the
(B) water is added to the rate of P/4 + 3 mix
percentage of water where P is the (B) does not depend upon the quality of
percentage of water for st andard cement mixed with aggregates
consistency (C) does not depend on the quantity of
(C) A cube mould of 10 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm cement mixed with aggregates
is used (D) All options are correct
(D) The prepared moulds are kept in an 179. A bull nose brick is not used for _____.
atmosphere of 50% relative humidity (A) rounding off sharp corners
172. An aggregate is said to be flaky if its least (B) pillars
dimension is less than _____.
(C) decoration purpose
(A) 2/3 mean dimension
(D) arches
(B) 3/4 mean dimension
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2007, OUTRAM LINES, 1ST FLOOR, NEAR GTB NAGAR METRO STATION, GATE NO. - 2, DELHI-110009
(D) blast furnace slag cement
180. Soundness test of cement determines _____.
(A) quality of free lime 188. Percentage of pozzolanic material containing
((B) ultimate strength clay upto 80% used for the manufacture of
(C) durability pozzolana cement is _____.
(D) initial setting (A) 30% (B) 40%

.
(C) 50%
181. Bulking of sand is caused due to _____. (D) 60%
189. Pick up the incorrect statement applicable

d
(A) surface moisture
to the field test of good cement.
(B) air voids
(A) When one thrusts one's hand into a bag

Lt
(C) viscosity
of cement, one should feel warm
(D) clay contents
(B) The color of the cement is bluish
182. For a 50 kg cement bag, water required is
(C) A handful of cement thrown into a
_____.
bucket of water should sink
(A) 16.5 liters (B) 18.5 litersimmediately

.
(C) 20.5 liters (D) 22.5 liters
(D) All options are correct

vt
183. Pick up the correct statement from the
190. An ordinary Portland cement when tested for
following Method of sawing timber _____.
its fineness, should not leave any residue
(A) tangentially to annual rings, is known
on I.S. Sieve No.9, more than _____.
as tangential method (A) 5% (B) 10%
(B) in four quarters such that each board
(C) 15%
sp (D) 20%
cuts annual rings at angles not less
191. Pick up the correct statement from the
than 45°, is known as quarter sawing
following.
method
(A) Insufficient quantity of water makes
(C) cut out of quarter logs, parallel to the
the concrete mix harsh
medullary rays and perpendicular to
pu

(B) Insufficient quantity of water makes


annual rings is known as radial sawing
the concrete unworkable
(D) All options are correct
(C) Excess quantity of water makes the
184. For the manufacture of plywood, veneers are
concrete segregated
placed so that grains of adjacent veneers are
(D) All options are correct
m

_____.
(A) at right angles 192. Pick up the incorrect statement from the
following.
(B) parallel
(A) A rich mix of concrete possesses
(C) inclined at 45°
Ca

higher strength than that a lean mix


(D) inclined at 60° of desired workability with excessive
185. The portion of the brick without a triangular
quantity of water
corner equal to half the width and half the
(B) The strength of concrete decreases as
length is called _____. the water cement ratio increases
(A) closer (B) queen closer
(C) If the water cement ratio is less than
(C) king closer (D) squint brick
0.45, the concrete is not workable and
causes honey-combed structure
KD

186. If aggregates completely pass through a


sieve of size 75 mm and are retained on a
(D) Good compaction by mechanical
sieve of size 60 mm, the particular aggregate
vibrations, increases the strength of
will be flaky if its minimum dimension is
concrete
less than _____. 193. Pick up the correct statement from the
(A) 20.5 mm (B) 30.5 mm
following.
(C) 40.5 mm (D) 50.5 mm
(A) The concrete gains strength due to
hydration of cement
187. For the construction of thin R.C.C. structures
the type of cement to be avoided is _____.
(B) The concrete cured at a temperature
(A) ordinary Portland cement below 23° C, gains strength up to 28 days
(B) rapid hardening cement (C) The concrete does not set at freezing
(C) low heat cement point
(D) All options are correct
194. Hardening of cement occurs at _____. 12
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Solution
2. (A) Composition of portland cements are 19. (A&C) For OPC.
Lime = 62 – 67% Initial setting time = 30 minutes

.
Silica = 17 – 25% Final setting time = 10 hours.

d
Alumina = 3 – 8% Soundness (Le-chatlier) = 10 mm
Iron oxide = 0.5 – 6% Soundness (autoclave) = 0.8%

Lt
Magnesia = 0.5 – 4% Fineness = 225 m²/kg
Calcium sulphate = 3 – 4% Residue should not exceeds 10% by weight
Sulphur = 1 – 3% when sieved through is sieve no. 9
Alkalies = .2 – 1% 20. (D) Colocrete, rainbow cement, silvicrete
3. (B) Gypsum is added to delay the initial and snowcem are the name of white &

.
setting time of cement. coloured cement.

vt
4. (A) In the manufacturing of quick setting 24. (D) The bulk density of aggregate depends
cement we reduced gypsum content to get upon their packing, the particle shape and
the quick setting property & it is much finer size, the grading and the moisture content.
than OPC. It sets quickly but does not 29. (C) Standard size – 19×9×9 cm.
harden quickly .
sp Standard sizes with mortar – 20×10×10 cm.
Initial setting time = 5 minutes Conventional size – 23×11.4×7.6 cm
Final setting time = 30 minutes. 26. (B)
5. (D) Normal consistencey for initial setting I.S. sieve Wt. retained Cum. wt. %cum. wt
time = 0.85P retained
pu

Normal consistencey for soundness test = (kg)


0.78P 80 mm 0 0 0
11. (D) Slump value Consistency 40 mm 2 kg 2 10
0 Moist dry 20 mm 8 kg 10 50
0 – 25 Very dry 10 mm 6 kg 16 80
m

25 – 50 Dry 4.75 mm 4 kg 20 100


50 – 100 Plastic 2.36 mm 0 20 100
100 – 175 Semi plastic 1.18 mm 0 20 100
Ca

13. (A) Segregation can be r educed by 600  0 20 100


increasing small size coarse aggregate, air 300  0 20 100
entrainment, using dispersing agent &
150  0 20 100
puzzolona.
Bleeding can be reduced by use of uniformly 740
graded aggregate, by br eaking the
continous water channel, by using finer 740
Fineness modulus =  7.4
cement, by using alkali cement and a rich 100
KD

mix. 37. (B) Role of alumina in raw bricks-


18. (D) Role of different ingredients of cement:- Alumina (20 – 30%) this constituent imparts
Lime:- It imparts strength & soundness to plasticity. So that it can be moulded easily.
the cement, if it is in excess, makes the If alumina is in excess, the raw bricks
cement unsound and causes the cement shrink and warp during drying.
to expand & disintegrate. 43. (A) The entrained air in concrete increases
Silica:- It gives strength to the cement. If workability and it reduces bleeding and
silica is present in excess quantity the segregation. It improved resistance of
strength of cement increases but at the hardened concrete to damage from freezing
same time, it sets slowly. and thawing is required.
Alumina:- It imparts quick setting property 45. (C) Slump test – for medium & High workability
to the cement. If it is in excess amount it Compaction factor test – for low & medium
weakens the cement.
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2007, OUTRAM LINES, 1ST FLOOR, NEAR GTB NAGAR METRO STATION, GATE NO. - 2, DELHI-110009
Workability 75. (B) Percentage of water
Vee- Bee test - For very low workability.
1875 – 1500
50. (C) Compaction factor use for =  100  25%
1500
0.85 low workability
80. (C) The mixture of different ingredients of
0.92 Medium workability cement, is burn at 1400 – 1500ºC.

.
0.95 High workability 108. (A) Excess of silica distroys the cohesion

d
51. (D) M25 – 1 : 1 : 2 between particles and the bricks become
M20 – 1 : 1.5 : 3 brittle.
128. (C) With increase in fineness, the early

Lt
M15 – 1 : 2 : 4
M10 – 1 : 3 : 6 development of strength is enhanced but
68. (D) Iron oxides gives red colour on burning ultimate strength is not affected.
and also gives strength and hardnes. 75  60
69. (B) If the water is added to the cement then 186. (C) Mean sieve size =  67.5
2
chemical reaction starts and C 3A first

.
compound formed. minimum dimension is less than 0.6 ×

vt
67.5 = 40.5 mm then the aggregate is
known as flaky.
sp
pu
m
Ca
KD

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