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# Find the Sample and Popultion Standard deviation, Variance and Mean Deviation of the data

below:
Class Frequency Class fx Deviaton fd Mean |X – X| ( X- X )² F(X-X)²
Interval (f) Mark (d) (X)
(x)
21 – 25 12 23 276 -1 -12 30.50 7.5 56.25 675
26 – 30 14 28 392 0 0 30.5 2.5 6.25 87.5
31 – 35 11 33 363 1 11 30.5 2.5 6.25 68.75
36 – 40 13 38 494 2 26 30.5 7.5 56.25 731.25
Σf = 50 Σfx = 1525 Σfd = 25 Σ|x- x | =20 Σ(x- x )² =125 Σf(x- x )²= 1562.25

## Σ|x – x | Σ(x – x )² Σ(x – x )²

= σ²= s²= Σ(x – x )² Σ(x – x )² Formatted: Left
n n-1 σ²= s²=
n n
125 125 n-1
= =
50 49
20 = 2.55 125
= = 2.50 = 125 =
50 49
=
50
= 0.40
= 1.60
= 1.58

Σf(x – x )² Σf(x – x )²
σ²= s²=
n n-1

1562.25 1562.25
=
50 = 49

= 5.59 = 5.65
-0.4332

0.4515

0.2857
1. The average waiting time in our school canteen to get our order is 25 minutes. The
management wants to know if the average waiting time would be reduced if they hire a new
personnel, they hired one.

## Ho: The average waiting time had not been reduced.

Ha: The average waiting time had been reduced.
One Tailed
2. A dog trainer wants to know if there’s a significant difference between the performance of a
dog given a treat and a dog that wasn’t given any.

Ho: There is no significant difference between the performance of the dog given a treat and
the dog that wasn’t given any.
Ha: There is a significant difference between the performance of the dog given a treat and the
dog that wasn’t given any.
Two-Tailed
Sally, a teacher at Holy Sleeping School of Santa Rosa, claims that the students in her school
are above average intelligence. A random sample of 20 students IQ scores have a mean score
Σ(x – x )²
Σ(x – x )²
s= σ=
of 112. Is there a sufficient evidence to support
n-1
the teacher’s claim? The mean population IQ is
n
100 with a standard deviation of 15. α= 0.05
(X – μ) √n = 125 (112 – 100) √20
125 = =3.58
= σ 49 15
50

1. =Ho:
2.50The IQ of Sally’s students is equal to average IQ of a normal student.
= 2.55

## Ha: The IQ of Sally’s students is greater than the IQ of a normal student.

2. α=0.05; one tailed test; Ztab is = 1.65
3. Criteria: Reject Ho if Z-computed ≥ Z-tabular
4. Decision: Reject Ho since 3.58 > 1.65
5. Conclusion: The IQ of Sally’s students is greater than the IQ of a normal student.
Grace, a researcher, wants to know if there is a significant difference between the intelligence
of male and female. She conducted a study with a random sample of 40 male students with a
mean score of 100 and sd of 7 and 50 female students with a mean score of 103 and sd of 10
and the mean population is 99. α=0.05
X1 – X2 100 – 103
σ σ
S1² S2² 7² 10² = -1.67
+ +
n1 n2 40 50

1. Ho: There is no significant difference between the intelligence of male and female.
Ha: There is a significant difference between the intelligence of male and female.
2. α=0.05; two-tailed test; Z-tab is -1.96
3. Criteria: Reject Ho if Z-computed ≥ Z- Tabular
4. Decision: Reject Ho since -1.67 ≥ -1.96
5. Conclusion: There is no significant difference between the intelligence of male and
female.
The average height of a person is 1.52. A team of researchers wants to test a new medication
to see if it has an effect on height. A sample of 30 participants who took the medication has a
mean of 1.61 with a standard deviation of 0.11. Did the medication affect intelligence? α=0.05
(X-μ) √n (1.61-1.52) √30
=4.48
s 0.11

1. Ho: There is no significant difference between the height of the participants who took
the medication and those who did not.
Ha: There is a significant difference between the height of the participants who took the
medication and those who did not.
2. α=0.05; two-tailed; df=29; t-tab is 1.699
3. Criteria: Reject Ho if t-computed ≥t-tab
4. Decision: Reject Ho since 4.48>1.699
5. Conclusion: There is a significant difference between the height of the participants who
took the medication and those who did not.