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Network Topology
Types of network topologies

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Contents 1 2 3 4 Introduction Types of Topologies Advantages & Disadvantages Conclusion .

Sushant Sarkar .Introduction  Network Topology is the shape/physical connectivity of a network.  A network configuration is also called as network topology.

Goals of Network Topology  Provide max possible Reliability  Route the traffic across the least-cost path  Best response time and throughput Sushant Sarkar .

Types of Network Topologies Sushant Sarkar .

Star Types Of Network Topologies Tree/Hierarchical Ring/Loop/Hub Mesh Bus/Horizontal Sushant Sarkar .

Star Topology C6 C1  In a star. Advantages C5 STAR C2  Easy to modify and add new computers to the network  Provision for centralised monitoring of the network C4 C3 Limitations  Potentiall bottlenecks  Failure problem at the central site Sushant Sarkar . each device connects to a central point via a point-to-point link.

Sushant Sarkar .  Multiple star topologies are combined together.Tree Topology  Nodes are connected to each other to form a tree network.

Limitations Presents significant potential bottleneck problems Reliability problem in the event of failure of the upper level machine.Tree Topology Advantages It allows more devices to be connected to the central Hub. the network capabilities are lost Sushant Sarkar .

Ring Topology C1 C2 C5 Ring Topology C3 C4 The Ring Topology is a physical. Sushant Sarkar . closed loop consisting of point-to-point links.

A central server is not required for the management of this topology. Limitations The failure of a single node of the network can cause the entire network to fail. The movement or changes made to network nodes affects the performance of the entire network. Sushant Sarkar .Ring Topology Advantages The data being transmitted between two nodes passes through all the intermediate nodes.

allowing for most transmissions to be distributed.Mesh Topology C1 C2 C3 C4 Network setup where each of the computers and network devices are interconnected with one another. even if one of the connections go down. Sushant Sarkar .

Sushant Sarkar . It is difficult to install. so if one route is blocked then other routes can be used for data communication. Limitations It becomes very expensive because a large number of cabling and 110 ports are required.Mesh Topology Advantages It has multiple links. Troubleshooting of this topology is easy as compared to other networks.

The medium has a physical beginning and end. all devices attach to the same transmission medium. Sushant Sarkar .Bus Topology 1 2 3 4 5 In a Bus topology.

This limits the number of stations that can be connected. Sushant Sarkar . This network topology can perform well only for a limited number of nodes.Bus Topology Advantages It is easy to handle and implement. Limitations The cable length is limited. It is best suited for small networks.

Conclusion Sushant Sarkar .

Conclusion Topology plays a vital role in structuring the over all performance of a network which enhances the efficiency of the network hence it is always recommended to use a network topology architecture. Sushant Sarkar .

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