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Environmental Science - study of the interactions between the physical, and Biophysics - application of physical principles and methods

hods to biological
how human impact their surroundings problems
Environment - surrounding external conditions influencing development of Systematics - classification ad study of organisms with regard to their natural
people, animal, plants, living or working conditions relationships
1. What is surrounded - living objects in general and man in Paleobotany - study of fossil and ancient plants
particular Agriculture - science of cultivating the soil, producing crops, rasing livestock
2. By what surrounded - physical attributes which become for food
environment Agronomy - field crop production and soil management
3. Where surrounded - it is in nature that physical component of the Horticulture - art of growing fruits, vegetables or ornamental plants
plant earth, land, air, water etc. affects life in the biosphere Hydroponics - science of growing plants without soil
4 Segments of Scope of Environment Forester - the science of developing or cultivating forest
1. Atmosphere - gases, absorbs most of the cosmic rays Ecology - study of the environment and man's effect on it
2. Hydrosphere - comprises all types of water resources Limnology - stud of fresh water lakes
3. Lithosphere - outer mantle of the solid earth Zoology - study of animals
4. Biosphere - indicates the realm of living organisms Entomology - study of insects
3 Elements of Environment Forensic Entomology - use of insect’s knowledge in the investigation of crime
1. Physical - space, landforms, water bodies, climate soils, rocks and and civil disputes
minerals Herpetology - study of reptiles and amphibian
2. Biological - plants, animals, microorganisms and men constitutes Conchology - study of mollusk ( snails, clams, squid )
the biosphere Lehthylogy - study of fish
3. Cultural - economic, social and political at essentially man-made Ornithology - study of birds
features which make cultural milieu Wildlife Management - conservation of wildlife resources
Environment Studies: Importance Veterinary Science - prevention and cure of animal disease
1. Environment issues being of international Importance Mammology - study of mammals
2. Problems croped in the wake of development Arachnology - study of arachnids
3. Explosively increase in pollution Apiculture - beekeeping
4. Need for an alternative solution Ethology - study of animal behavior
5. Need to save humanity from extinction Marine Biology - study of salt water organisms
6. Need for wise planning of development Microbiology - study of microorganisms
7. Misra's report Bacteriology - study of bacteria
- basic principles of ecology Virology - study of virus
a. Holism Mycology - study of fungi
b. Ecosystem Parasitology - study of parasites and their life cycles
c. Succession Embryology - development of embryo of organisms and their features
d. Conversation Anatomy - study of structure of organisms
Physiology - study of functions and activities of life
Health Impact of Air Pollution Medicine - study of prevention and treatment of human disease and
Causes of air pollution preservation of life
1. Natural - forest fire Genetics - study of inheritance of traits and variation in organisms
2. Human Activities - combinations of fossil fuels as energy Biotechnology - dealing with recombinant DNA research and application
Major sources of air pollution remain industrial processes and motor vehicles Cytology - study of cells
Common Air Pollutants Histology - study of tissues
1. Ozone found in Earth's upper and lower atmosphere Dermatology - treatment of skin disease
Upper Atmosphere - protects earth from harmful solar radiation Oncology - study and treatment of cancer
Lower Atmosphere - pollutant that can cause respiratory tract infection, eye Ophthalmology - disease and disorder of eyes
irritation, coughing, shortness of breath Immunology - deals with the body's defenses against disease
Allergy - produced by allergens which cause the allergic reaction (dust, Pediatrics - development, care and diseases of children
bacteria, cigarette smoke, animal dander) Orthopedics - disease, disorder and injury to the bones and other supportive
Asthma - disorder of the lungs in which airways tends to construct, resulting tissues
in episodes of breathlessness, wheezing, coughing, and tightness of the chest
(dust mites, animal dander, pollen, exercise
Dust Lung - when a person breathes in, particles suspended in the air enter
the nose, but not all of them reach the lungs
Holism - considered as the real base of ecology
Misra Four Basic Requirement of Environmental Management
1. Impact of human activities on the environment
2. Value system
3. Plan and design for sustainable development
4. Environment education
Obstetrics and Gynecology – study of health of the female reproductive
system and development of the fetus
Endocrinology - study endocrine system, glands and hormones, diseases,
Urology - study of urinary system
Dentistry - the science that deals with health and development of teeth
Pharmacology - preparation of drugs for medical use and knowledge of how
drugs affects body
Anesthesiology - making payment insensitive to pain during surgery
Physical Therapy - treatment of disease and mechanical means
Bioethics - ethical implications of biological research and applications
especially in medicine
Pathology - study of disease and death with laboratory techniques
Radiology - use of x-ray for diagnosis and treatment