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ENGINEERING TOMORROW

Operating Guide
VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

vlt-drives.danfoss.com
Contents Operating Guide

Contents

1 Introduction 4
1.1 Purpose of the Manual 4
1.2 Additional Resources 4
1.3 Document and Software Version 4
1.4 Product Overview 4
1.5 Approvals and Certifications 5
1.6 Disposal 6

2 Safety 7
2.1 Safety Symbols 7
2.2 Qualified Personnel 7
2.3 Safety Precautions 7

3 Mechanical Installation 9
3.1 Unpacking 9
3.2 Installation Environment 10
3.3 Mounting 10

4 Electrical Installation 12
4.1 Safety Instructions 12
4.2 EMC-compliant Installation 12
4.3 Grounding 12
4.4 Wiring Schematic 14
4.5 Access 16
4.6 Motor Connection 16
4.7 AC Mains Connection 17
4.8 Control Wiring 18
4.8.1 Control Terminal Types 18
4.8.2 Wiring to Control Terminals 19
4.8.3 Enabling Motor Operation (Terminal 27) 19
4.8.4 Mechanical Brake Control 19
4.8.5 USB Data Communication 20
4.9 Installation Checklist 21

5 Commissioning 22
5.1 Safety Instructions 22
5.2 Applying Power 22
5.3 Local Control Panel Operation 22
5.3.1 Numeric Local Control Panel (LCP) 22
5.3.2 The Right-key Function on NLCP 24

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Contents VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

5.3.3 Quick Menu on NLCP 24


5.3.4 Main Menu on NLCP 26
5.3.5 GLCP Layout 28
5.3.6 Parameter Settings 29
5.3.7 Changing Parameter Settings with GLCP 29
5.3.8 Uploading/Downloading Data to/from the GLCP 29
5.3.9 Restoring Default Settings with LCP 29
5.4 Basic Programming 30
5.4.1 Asynchronous Motor Set-up 30
5.4.2 PM Motor Set-up in VVC+ 30
5.4.3 Automatic Motor Adaptation (AMA) 31
5.5 Checking Motor Rotation 32
5.6 Checking Encoder Rotation 32
5.7 Local-control Test 33
5.8 System Start-up 33
5.9 STO Commissioning 33

6 Safe Torque Off (STO) 34


6.1 Safety Precautions for STO 35
6.2 Safe Torque Off Installation 35
6.3 STO Commissioning 36
6.3.1 Activation of Safe Torque Off 36
6.3.2 Deactivation of Safe Torque Off 36
6.3.3 STO Commissioning Test 36
6.3.4 Test for STO Applications in Manual Restart Mode 37
6.3.5 Test for STO Applications in Automatic Restart Mode 37
6.4 Maintenance and Service for STO 37
6.5 STO Technical Data 38

7 Application Examples 39
7.1 Introduction 39
7.2 Application Examples 39
7.2.1 AMA 39
7.2.2 Speed 39
7.2.3 Start/Stop 40
7.2.4 External Alarm Reset 41
7.2.5 Motor Thermistor 41
7.2.6 SLC 41

8 Maintenance, Diagnostics, and Troubleshooting 42


8.1 Maintenance and Service 42

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Contents Operating Guide

8.2 Warning and Alarm Types 42


8.3 Warning and Alarm Display 42
8.4 List of Warnings and Alarms 44
8.4.1 Warning and Alarm Code List 44
8.5 Troubleshooting 48

9 Specifications 50
9.1 Electrical Data 50
9.2 Mains Supply 52
9.3 Motor Output and Motor Data 52
9.4 Ambient Conditions 52
9.5 Cable Specifications 53
9.6 Control Input/Output and Control Data 53
9.7 Connection Tightening Torques 56
9.8 Fuses and Circuit Breakers 56
9.9 Enclosure Sizes, Power Ratings, and Dimensions 58

10 Appendix 61
10.1 Symbols, Abbreviations, and Conventions 61
10.2 Parameter Menu Structure 61

Index 65

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Introduction VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

1 1 1 Introduction

1.1 Purpose of the Manual 1.4 Product Overview


This operating guide provides information for safe instal- 1.4.1 Intended Use
lation and commissioning of the VLT® Midi Drive FC 280
frequency converter. The frequency converter is an electronic motor controller
intended for:
The operating guide is intended for use by qualified
personnel. • Regulation of motor speed in response to system
feedback or to remote commands from external
To use the frequency converter safely and professionally, controllers. A power drive system consists of the
read and follow the operating guide. Pay particular frequency converter, the motor, and equipment
attention to the safety instructions and general warnings. driven by the motor.
Always keep this operating guide with the frequency
• System and motor status surveillance.
converter.
The frequency converter can also be used for motor
overload protection.
VLT® is a registered trademark.

1.2 Additional Resources Depending on configuration, the frequency converter can


be used in standalone applications or form part of a larger
Resources available to understand advanced frequency appliance or installation.
converter functions, programming, and maintenance:
The frequency converter is allowed for use in residential,
• VLT® Midi Drive FC 280 Design Guide, provides industrial, and commercial environments in accordance
detailed information about the design and with local laws and standards.
applications of the frequency converter.
• VLT® Midi Drive FC 280 Programming Guide, NOTICE
provides information on how to program and In a residential environment, this product can cause
includes complete parameter descriptions. radio interference, in which case supplementary
Supplementary publications and manuals are available mitigation measures may be required.
from Danfoss. See drives.danfoss.com/knowledge-center/
technical-documentation/ for listings. Foreseeable misuse
Do not use the frequency converter in applications which
1.3 Document and Software Version
are non-compliant with specified operating conditions and
This manual is regularly reviewed and updated. All environments. Ensure compliance with the conditions
suggestions for improvement are welcome. Table 1.1 shows specified in chapter 9 Specifications.
the document version and the corresponding software
version.

Software
Edition Remarks
version
More information for single-phase and
MG07A3 3-phase 200–240 V frequency converters 1.2
introduced.

Table 1.1 Document and Software Version

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Introduction Operating Guide

1.4.2 Block Diagram of the Frequency Area Component Functions 1 1


Converter • Input power, internal
processing, output, and motor
Illustration 1.1 is a block diagram of the internal current are monitored to
components of the frequency converter. provide efficient operation
and control.
8 Control circuitry
• User interface and external

130BE200.11
commands are monitored and
1 2 3 6 performed.
4 7
• Status output and control can
5 M
be provided.

Illustration 1.1 Example of Block Diagram for a Frequency


8
Converter

Area Component Functions


1.4.3 Enclosure Sizes and Power Ratings
• AC mains supply to the
1 Mains input frequency converter.
For enclosure sizes and power ratings of the frequency
• The rectifier bridge converts converters, refer to chapter 9.9 Enclosure Sizes, Power
2 Rectifier the AC input to DC current to Ratings, and Dimensions.
supply inverter power.

• Intermediate DC-bus circuit 1.4.4 Safe Torque Off (STO)


3 DC bus handles the DC current.

• Filters the intermediate DC The VLT® Midi Drive FC 280 frequency converter supports
circuit current. Safe Torque Off (STO). See chapter 6 Safe Torque Off (STO)
for details about the installation, commissioning,
• Provides mains transient
protection.
maintenance, and technical data of STO.

• Reduces the root mean square 1.5 Approvals and Certifications


4 DC reactor (RMS) current.

• Raises the power factor


reflected back to the line.

• Reduces harmonics on the AC


input.

• Stores the DC power.

5 Capacitor bank
• Provides ride-through
protection for short power
losses.

• Converts the DC into a


controlled PWM AC waveform
6 Inverter for a controlled variable
output to the motor.

• Regulated 3-phase output


7 Output to motor power to the motor.
For compliance with the European Agreement concerning
International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland
Waterways (ADN), refer to chapter ADN-compliant Instal-
lation in the VLT® Midi Drive FC 280 Design Guide.
The frequency converter complies with UL 508C thermal
memory retention requirements. For more information,
refer to chapter Motor Thermal Protection in the VLT® Midi
Drive FC 280 Design Guide.

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Introduction VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

1 1 Applied standards and compliance for STO


Using STO on terminals 37 and 38 requires fulfillment of all
provisions for safety including relevant laws, regulations,
and guidelines. The integrated STO function complies with
the following standards:
• IEC/EN 61508: 2010 SIL2
• IEC/EN 61800-5-2: 2007 SIL2
• IEC/EN 62061: 2012 SILCL of SIL2
• IEC/EN 61326-3-1: 2008
• EN ISO 13849-1: 2008 Category 3 PL d

1.6 Disposal

Do not dispose of equipment containing


electrical components together with
domestic waste.
Collect it separately in accordance with
local and currently valid legislation.

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Safety Operating Guide

2 Safety
2 2
2.1 Safety Symbols WARNING
The following symbols are used in this document: UNINTENDED START
When the frequency converter is connected to AC mains,
DC supply, or load sharing, the motor may start at any
WARNING time. Unintended start during programming, service, or
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that could repair work can result in death, serious injury, or
result in death or serious injury. property damage. The motor can start with an external
switch, a fieldbus command, an input reference signal

CAUTION from the LCP, via remote operation using MCT 10 Set-up
Software, or after a cleared fault condition.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that could
To prevent unintended motor start:
result in minor or moderate injury. It can also be used to
alert against unsafe practices. • Disconnect the frequency converter from the
mains.

NOTICE • Press [Off/Reset] on the LCP before


programming parameters.
Indicates important information, including situations that
can result in damage to equipment or property. • Completely wire and assemble the frequency
converter, motor, and any driven equipment
before connecting the frequency converter to
2.2 Qualified Personnel AC mains, DC supply, or load sharing.
Correct and reliable transport, storage, installation,
operation, and maintenance are required for the trouble-
free and safe operation of the frequency converter. Only WARNING
qualified personnel are allowed to install or operate this DISCHARGE TIME
equipment. The frequency converter contains DC-link capacitors,
which can remain charged even when the frequency
Qualified personnel are defined as trained staff, who are converter is not powered. High voltage can be present
authorized to install, commission, and maintain equipment, even when the warning LED indicator lights are off.
systems, and circuits in accordance with pertinent laws and Failure to wait the specified time after power has been
regulations. Also, the personnel must be familiar with the removed before performing service or repair work can
instructions and safety measures described in this guide. result in death or serious injury.

2.3 Safety Precautions • Stop the motor.


• Disconnect AC mains and remote DC-link
WARNING supplies, including battery back-ups, UPS, and
DC-link connections to other frequency
HIGH VOLTAGE
converters.
Frequency converters contain high voltage when
connected to AC mains input, DC supply, or load sharing. • Disconnect or lock PM motor.
Failure to perform installation, start-up, and maintenance
• Wait for the capacitors to discharge fully. The
by qualified personnel can result in death or serious minimum waiting time is specified in Table 2.1.
injury.
• Before performing any service or repair work,
• Only qualified personnel must perform instal- use an appropriate voltage measuring device to
lation, start-up, and maintenance. make sure that the capacitors are fully
discharged.

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Safety VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

Power range Minimum waiting time


Voltage [V]
[kW (hp)] (minutes)

2 2 200–240

380–480
0.37–3.7 (0.5–5)
0.37–7.5 (0.5–10)
4
4
11–22 (15–30) 15

Table 2.1 Discharge Time

WARNING
LEAKAGE CURRENT HAZARD
Leakage currents exceed 3.5 mA. Failure to ground the
frequency converter properly can result in death or
serious injury.
• Ensure the correct grounding of the equipment
by a certified electrical installer.

WARNING
EQUIPMENT HAZARD
Contact with rotating shafts and electrical equipment
can result in death or serious injury.
• Ensure that only trained and qualified personnel
perform installation, start-up, and maintenance.
• Ensure that electrical work conforms to national
and local electrical codes.
• Follow the procedures in this guide.

CAUTION
INTERNAL FAILURE HAZARD
An internal failure in the frequency converter can result
in serious injury when the frequency converter is not
properly closed.
• Ensure that all safety covers are in place and
securely fastened before applying power.

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Mechanical Installation Operating Guide

3 Mechanical Installation

3.1 Unpacking 2 14

130BE616.13
1

3.1.1 Items Supplied 4


3
VLT Midi Drive
www.danfoss.com
12

10
3 3
T/C: FC-280PK37T4E20H1BXCXXXSXXXXAX
5
Items supplied may vary according to product configu- P/N: 134U2184
0.37kW 0.5HP
S/N: 000000G000 Functional
Safety
6 Type
ration. IN: 3x380-480V 50/60Hz, 1.2/1.0A Approved
13
www.tuv.com
OUT: 3x0-Vin 0-500Hz, 1.2/1.1A ID 0600000000
7 IP20 15
• Make sure that the items supplied and the 8 Danfoss A/S,6430 Nordborg,Denmark
MADE IN
DENMARK
9
16
information on the nameplate correspond to the Enclosure: See manual 11
order confirmation. R
US LISTED 5AF3 E358502 Ind.contr.EQ.

• Check the packaging and the frequency converter


17
CAUTION / ATTENTION:
See manual for special condition/mains fuse
20
18
visually for damage caused by inappropriate Voir manual de conditions speciales/fusibles
handling during shipment. File any claim for WARNING / AVERTISSEMENT:
19
damage with the carrier. Retain damaged parts Stored charge, wait 4 min.
Charge résiduelle, attendez 4 min.
for clarification.

1 Product logo
2 Product name
3 Ordering number
4 Type code
5 Power rating
Input voltage, frequency, and current (at low/high
6
voltages)
Output voltage, frequency, and current (at low/high
7
voltages)
8 IP rating
9 Country of origin
10 Serial number
11 EAC logo
12 CE mark
13 TÜV logo
14 Disposal
15 Barcode
16 Reference to enclosure type
17 UL logo
18 UL reference
19 Warning specifications
20 RCM logo

Illustration 3.1 Product Nameplate (Example)

NOTICE
Do not remove the nameplate from the frequency
converter (loss of warranty).

3.1.2 Storage

Ensure that requirements for storage are fulfilled. Refer to


chapter 9.4 Ambient Conditions for further details.

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Mechanical Installation VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

3.2 Installation Environment NOTICE


For dimensions of mounting holes, see
NOTICE chapter 9.9 Enclosure Sizes, Power Ratings, and
In environments with airborne liquids, particles, or Dimensions.
corrosive gases, ensure that the IP/Type rating of the

3 3 equipment matches the installation environment. Failure


to meet requirements for ambient conditions can reduce
3.3.1 Side-by-side Installation
lifetime of the frequency converter. Ensure that
Side-by-side installation
requirements for air humidity, temperature, and altitude
All VLT® Midi Drive FC 280 units can be installed side by
are met.
side in vertical or horizontal position. The units do not
require extra ventilation on the side.
Vibration and shock
The frequency converter complies with requirements for

130BE615.11
units mounted on the walls and floors of production
premises, and in panels bolted to walls or floors.
For detailed ambient conditions specifications, refer to
chapter 9.4 Ambient Conditions.

3.3 Mounting
NOTICE
Improper mounting can result in overheating and
reduced performance.

Cooling
• Ensure 100 mm (3.9 in) of top and bottom
clearance for air cooling.
Lifting Illustration 3.2 Side-by-side Installation
• To determine a safe lifting method, check the
weight of the unit, see chapter 9.9 Enclosure Sizes,
Power Ratings, and Dimensions. NOTICE
• Ensure that the lifting device is suitable for the RISK OF OVERHEATING
task. If IP21 conversion kit is used, mounting the units side by
side could lead to overheating and damage to the unit.
• If necessary, plan for a hoist, crane, or forklift with
the appropriate rating to move the unit. • Avoid mounting the units side by side if IP21
conversion kit is used.
• For lifting, use hoist rings on the unit, when
provided.
Mounting 3.3.2 Bus Decoupling Kit
To adapt the mounting holes of VLT® Midi Drive FC 280,
contact the local Danfoss supplier to order a separate The bus decoupling kit ensures mechanical fixation and
backplate. electrical shielding of cables for the following control
cassette variants:
To mount the frequency converter:
1. Ensure that the mounting location is strong
• Control cassette with PROFIBUS.
enough to support the unit weight. The • Control cassette with PROFINET.
frequency converter allows side-by-side instal- • Control cassette with CANopen.
lation.
• Control cassette with Ethernet.
2. Place the unit as close to the motor as possible.
Keep the motor cables as short as possible. Each bus decoupling kit contains 1 horizontal decoupling
plate and 1 vertical decoupling plate. Mounting the
3. Mount the unit vertically to a solid flat surface or vertical decoupling plate is optional. The vertical
to the optional backplate to provide cooling decoupling plate provides better mechanical support for
airflow. PROFINET and Ethernet connectors and cables.
4. When provided, use the slotted mounting holes
on the unit for wall mounting.

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Mechanical Installation Operating Guide

3.3.3 Mounting

130BE481.10
To mount the bus decoupling kit:
1. Place the horizontal decoupling plate on the
control cassette mounted on the frequency 1
converter and fasten the plate using 2 screws as
shown in Illustration 3.3. Tightening torque is 0.7– 3 3
1.0 Nm (6.2–8.9 in-lb).
2
2. Optional: Mount the vertical decoupling plate as
follows:
2a Remove the 2 mechanical springs and 2
metal clamps from the horizontal plate.
2b Mount the mechanical springs and
metal clamps on the vertical plate.
2c Fasten the plate with 2 screws as shown
in Illustration 3.4. Tightening torque is
0.7–1.0 Nm (6.2–8.9 in-lb).

NOTICE
If the IP21 top cover is used, do not mount the vertical
decoupling plate, because its height affects the proper
installation of the IP21 top cover.
130BE480.10

1 Vertical decoupling plate


1 2 Screws
2
Illustration 3.4 Fasten the Vertical Decoupling Plate with
Screws

3
Both Illustration 3.3 and Illustration 3.4 show PROFINET
sockets. The actual sockets are based on the type of the
control cassette mounted on the frequency converter.

3. Push the PROFIBUS/PROFINET/CANopen/Ethernet


cable connectors into the sockets in the control
cassette.
4. 4a Place the PROFIBUS/CANopen cables
between the spring-loaded metal
clamps to establish mechanical fixation
and electrical contact between the
shielded sections of the cables and the
clamps.
4b Place the PROFINET/Ethernet cables
between the spring-loaded metal
clamps to establish mechanical fixation
1 Mechanical springs
between the cables and the clamps.
2 Metal clamps
3 Screws

Illustration 3.3 Fasten the Horizontal Decoupling Plate with


Screws

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Electrical Installation VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

4 Electrical Installation

4.1 Safety Instructions 4.2 EMC-compliant Installation


See chapter 2 Safety for general safety instructions. To obtain an EMC-compliant installation, follow the
instructions provided in chapter 4.3 Grounding,
WARNING chapter 4.4 Wiring Schematic, chapter 4.6 Motor Connection,
4 4 INDUCED VOLTAGE and chapter 4.8 Control Wiring.
Induced voltage from output motor cables of different 4.3 Grounding
frequency converters that run together can charge
equipment capacitors even with the equipment turned
off and locked out. Failure to run output motor cables WARNING
separately or use shielded cables could result in death or LEAKAGE CURRENT HAZARD
serious injury. Leakage currents exceed 3.5 mA. Failure to ground the
frequency converter properly could result in death or
• Run output motor cables separately.
serious injury.
• Use shielded cables.
• Ensure the correct grounding of the equipment
• Lock out all the frequency converters simulta- by a certified electrical installer.
neously.

For electrical safety


WARNING • Ground the frequency converter in accordance
with applicable standards and directives.
SHOCK HAZARD
The frequency converter can cause a DC current in the • Use a dedicated ground wire for input power,
PE conductor and hence result in death or serious injury. motor power, and control wiring.

• When a residual current-operated protective • Do not ground 1 frequency converter to another


device (RCD) is used for protection against in a daisy-chain fashion (see Illustration 4.1).
electrical shock, only an RCD of Type B is • Keep the ground wire connections as short as
allowed on the supply side. possible.
Failure to follow the recommendation means that the • Follow motor manufacturer wiring requirements.
RCD cannot provide the intended protection.
• Minimum cable cross-section: 10 mm2 (7 AWG).
Separately terminate 2 ground wires, both
Overcurrent protection complying with the dimension requirements.
• Extra protective equipment such as short-circuit
protection or motor thermal protection between
frequency converter and motor is required for
applications with multiple motors.
• Input fusing is required to provide protection
against short circuit and overcurrent. If fuses are
not factory-supplied, the installer must provide
them. See maximum fuse ratings in
chapter 9.8 Fuses and Circuit Breakers.
Wire type and ratings
• All wiring must comply with local and national
regulations regarding cross-section and ambient
temperature requirements.
• Power connection wire recommendation:
Minimum 75 °C (167 °F) rated copper wire.
See chapter 9.5 Cable Specifications for recommended wire
sizes and types.

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Electrical Installation Operating Guide

130BC500.10
FC 1 FC 2 FC 3

4 4
PE

FC 1 FC 2 FC 3

PE

Illustration 4.1 Grounding Principle

For EMC-compliant installation


• Establish electrical contact between the cable
shield and the frequency converter enclosure by
using metal cable glands or by using the clamps
provided on the equipment (see chapter 4.6 Motor
Connection).
• Use high-strand wire to reduce burst transient.
• Do not use pigtails.
NOTICE
POTENTIAL EQUALIZATION
Risk of burst transient when the ground potential
between the frequency converter and the control system
is different. Install equalizing cables between the system
components. Recommended cable cross-section: 16 mm2
(6 AWG).

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Electrical Installation VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

4.4 Wiring Schematic


This section describes how to wire the frequency converter.

130BE202.16
RFI
91 (L1/N) (U) 96
4 4 Power
input
92 (L2/L)
93 (L3)
(V) 97
(W) 98
95 PE (PE) 99
Motor
Switch mode
power supply 1) (-DC) 88
10 V DC 24 V DC (+DC/R+) 89 Brake
15 mA 100 mA resistor
50 (+10 V OUT) + - + -
+10 V DC (R-) 81

0−10 V DC 53 (A IN) 2)
Relay 1
03
0−10 V DC 54 (A IN) 250 V AC, 3 A
0/4−20 mA 02

55 (COM A IN) 01

12 (+24 V OUT)

13 (+24 V OUT)
P 5-00
24 V (NPN)
18 (D IN) 0 V (PNP)
24 V (NPN)
19 (D IN) 0 V (PNP) (A OUT) 42 Analog output
0/4−20 mA

24 V (NPN)
27 (D IN/OUT) 0 V (PNP)
3)

24 V ON = Terminated
1 2

ON

OFF = Open

0V 5V
24 V (NPN)
29 (D IN) 0 V (PNP)

S801 0V

RS485
(N RS485) 69 RS485
24 V (NPN) interface
32 (D IN) 0 V (PNP) (P RS485) 68
24 V (NPN)
33 (D IN) 0V (COM RS485) 61
0 V (PNP)
(PNP) = Source
37 (STO1)4) (NPN) = Sink

38 (STO2)4)

Illustration 4.2 Basic Wiring Schematic Drawing

A=Analog, D=Digital
1) Built-in brake chopper is only available on 3-phase units.
2) Terminal 53 can also be used as digital input.
3) Switch S801 (bus terminal) can be used to enable termination on the RS485 port (terminals 68 and 69).
4) Refer to chapter 6 Safe Torque Off (STO) for the correct STO wiring.

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Electrical Installation Operating Guide

130BD391.11
2
3

4 4
Status Quick Main
Menu Menu
Menu

Back
OK

Hand Auto
On Reset On

9 10

L1
L2
U
L3
V
PE
W
PE

8 7

1 PLC 6 Minimum 200 mm (7.9 in) between control cables, motor, and mains
2 Frequency converter 7 Motor, 3-phase and PE
3 Output contactor (not recommended) 8 Mains, single-phase, 3-phase, and reinforced PE
4 Grounding rail (PE) 9 Control wiring
5 Cable shielding (stripped) 10 Equalizing minimum 16 mm2 (6 AWG)

Illustration 4.3 Typical Electrical Connection

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Electrical Installation VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

4.5 Access 5. Tighten the terminals in accordance with the


information provided in chapter 9.7 Connection
• Remove the cover plate with a screwdriver. See Tightening Torques.
Illustration 4.4.

130BD531.10
130BC504.11
W
V 98
U 97
96
4 4

Illustration 4.4 Control Wiring Access

4.6 Motor Connection

WARNING
INDUCED VOLTAGE
Induced voltage from output motor cables that run
together can charge equipment capacitors, even when
the equipment is turned off and locked out. Failure to
Illustration 4.5 Motor Connection
run output motor cables separately or use shielded
cables could result in death or serious injury.

The mains, motor, and grounding connection for single-


• Run output motor cables separately.
phase and 3-phase frequency converters are shown in
• Use shielded cables. Illustration 4.6 and Illustration 4.7, respectively. Actual
• Comply with local and national electrical codes configurations vary with unit types and optional
for cable sizes. For maximum cable sizes, see equipment.
chapter 9.1 Electrical Data.
• Follow motor manufacturer wiring requirements.
• Motor wiring knockouts or access panels are
provided at the base of IP21 (NEMA1/12) units.
• Do not wire a starting or pole-changing device
(for example, Dahlander motor or slip ring
induction motor) between the frequency
converter and the motor.
Procedure
1. Strip a section of the outer cable insulation.
2. Position the stripped cable under the cable clamp
to establish mechanical fixation and electrical
contact between the cable shield and ground.
3. Connect the ground cable to the nearest
grounding terminal in accordance with the
grounding instructions provided in
chapter 4.3 Grounding. See Illustration 4.5.
4. Connect the 3-phase motor wiring to terminals
96 (U), 97 (V), and 98 (W), as shown in
Illustration 4.5.

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Electrical Installation Operating Guide

130BE804.10
130BE232.11
4 4

Illustration 4.6 Mains, Motor, and Grounding Connection for Illustration 4.8 Mains, Motor, and Grounding Connection for 3-
Single-phase Units phase Units (K4, K5)

4.7 AC Mains Connection


130BE231.11

• Size the wiring based on the input current of the


frequency converter. For maximum wire sizes, see
chapter 9.1 Electrical Data.
• Comply with local and national electrical codes
for cable sizes.
Procedure
1. Connect the AC input power cables to terminals
N and L for single-phase units (see
Illustration 4.6), or to terminals L1, L2, and L3 for
3-phase units (see Illustration 4.7).
2. Depending on the configuration of the
equipment, connect the input power to the
mains input terminals or the input disconnect.
3. Ground the cable in accordance with the
grounding instructions in chapter 4.3 Grounding.
4. When supplied from an isolated mains source (IT
mains or floating delta) or TT/TN-S mains with a
grounded leg (grounded delta), ensure that the
RFI filter screw is removed. Removing the RFI
screw prevents damage to the DC link and
Illustration 4.7 Mains, Motor, and Grounding Connection for 3-
reduces ground capacity currents in accordance
phase Units
with IEC 61800-3.

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 17


Electrical Installation VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

4.8 Control Wiring Terminal Parameter


Default
Description
setting
4.8.1 Control Terminal Types Parameter 5-01 Ter
Selectable for
minal 27 Mode
either digital
Illustration 4.9 shows the removable frequency converter Parameter 5-12 Ter
input, digital
connectors. Terminal functions and default settings are minal 27 Digital
27 output, or pulse
summarized in Table 4.1 and Table 4.2. Input DI [2] Coast
output. The
Parameter 5-30 Ter inverse
default setting is
minal 27 Digital DO [0] No
4 4

130BE212.10
digital input.
Output operation
Parameter 5-13 Ter [14] Jog Digital input.
29 minal 29 Digital
1 2 Input
Parameter 5-14 Ter
[0] No Digital input,
32 minal 32 Digital
3 operation 24 V encoder.
Input
Terminal 33 can
Parameter 5-15 Ter be used for
[0] No
Illustration 4.9 Control Terminal Locations 33 minal 33 Digital pulse input.
operation
Input
Functional safety
37, 38 – STO
1 2 inputs.
130BE214.10

37 38 12 13 18 19 27 29 32 33 61 68 69 Analog inputs/outputs
Programmable
analog output.
The analog
3
signal is 0–
42 53 54 50 55 Parameter 6-91 Ter
[0] No 20 mA or 4–
42 minal 42 Analog
operation 20 mA at a
Output
maximum of
Illustration 4.10 Terminal Numbers
500 Ω. Can also
be configured as
digital outputs.
See chapter 9.6 Control Input/Output and Control Data for
10 V DC analog
terminal ratings details.
supply voltage.
15 mA
Default maximum
Terminal Parameter Description 50 – +10 V DC
setting commonly used
Digital I/O, pulse I/O, encoder for potenti-
24 V DC supply ometer or
voltage. thermistor.
Maximum Analog input.
12, 13 – +24 V DC
output current is Only voltage
Parameter group
100 mA for all mode is
53 6-1* Analog input –
24 V loads. supported. It can
53
Parameter 5-10 Ter also be used as
18 minal 18 Digital [8] Start digital input.
Input Analog input.
Digital inputs. Parameter group
Parameter 5-11 Ter Selectable
[10] 54 6-2* Analog input –
19 minal 19 Digital between voltage
Reversing 54
Input or current mode.
Common for
55 – – digital and
analog inputs.

Table 4.1 Terminal Descriptions - Digital Inputs/Outputs,


Analog Inputs/Outputs

18 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Electrical Installation Operating Guide

Terminal Parameter
Default
Description
4.8.3 Enabling Motor Operation
setting (Terminal 27)
Serial communication
Integrated RC A jumper wire is required between terminal 12 (or 13) and
filter for cable terminal 27 for the frequency converter to operate when
shield. ONLY for using factory default programming values.
61 – – connecting the
shield when
• Digital input terminal 27 is designed to receive

4 4
experiencing 24 V DC external interlock command.
EMC problems.
Parameter group RS485 interface.
• When no interlock device is used, wire a jumper
between control terminal 12 (recommended) or
68 (+) 8-3* FC port – A control card
13 to terminal 27. The jumper provides an
settings switch is
internal 24 V signal on terminal 27.
Parameter group provided for
69 (-) 8-3* FC port – termination • Only for GLCP: When the status line at the
settings resistance. bottom of the LCP reads AUTO REMOTE COAST, it
indicates that the unit is ready to operate but is
Relays
missing an input signal on terminal 27.
Form C relay
output. These NOTICE
relays are in UNABLE TO START
various locations The frequency converter cannot operate without a signal
depending on on terminal 27, unless terminal 27 is reprogrammed.
Parameter 5-40 Fun [1] Control the frequency
01, 02, 03
ction Relay Ready converter config-
uration and size.
4.8.4 Mechanical Brake Control
Usable for AC or
DC voltage and In hoisting/lowering applications, it is necessary to
resistive or control an electro-mechanical brake.
inductive loads. • Control the brake using any relay output or
digital output (terminal 27).
Table 4.2 Terminal Descriptions - Serial Communication
• Keep the output closed (voltage-free) as long as
the frequency converter is unable to keep the
4.8.2 Wiring to Control Terminals motor at standstill, for example due to the load
being too heavy.
Control terminal connectors can be unplugged from the • Select [32] Mechanical brake control in parameter
frequency converter for ease of installation, as shown in group 5-4* Relays for applications with an electro-
Illustration 4.9. mechanical brake.

For details about STO wiring, refer to chapter 6 Safe Torque


• The brake is released when the motor current
exceeds the preset value in
Off (STO).
parameter 2-20 Release Brake Current.

NOTICE • The brake is engaged when the output frequency


is less than the frequency set in
Keep control cables as short as possible and separate parameter 2-22 Activate Brake Speed [Hz], and only
them from high-power cables to minimize interference. if the frequency converter carries out a stop
command.
1. Loosen the screws for the terminals.
If the frequency converter is in alarm mode or in an
2. Insert sleeved control cables into the slots. overvoltage situation, the mechanical brake immediately
3. Fasten the screws for the terminals. closes.

4. Ensure that the contact is firmly established and


The frequency converter is not a safety device. It is the
not loose. Loose control wiring can be the source
responsibility of the system designer to integrate safety
of equipment faults or less than optimal
devices according to relevant national crane/lift
operation.
regulations.
See chapter 9.5 Cable Specifications for control terminal
cable sizes and chapter 7 Application Examples for typical
control cable connections.

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 19


Electrical Installation VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

NOTICE

130BE201.11
A USB bus has no address-setting capacity and no bus
L1(N) L2(L) L3 name to configure. If connecting more than 1 frequency
converter through USB, the bus name is auto-
Frequency converter
Output incremented in the MCT 10 Set-up Software Network bus
U V W relay
02 01
list.
Connecting more than 1 frequency converter through a
Command circuit USB cable often causes computers installed with

4 4
220 V AC Windows XP to throw an exception and crash. Therefore
it is advised only to connect 1 frequency converter via
Mechanical USB to the PC.
brake
Output A1 Freewheeling
contactor diode
Motor Shaft input A2 4.8.6 RS485 Serial Communication

Connect RS485 serial communication wiring to terminals


(+)68 and (-)69.
Brake power circuit
380 V AC
• Shielded serial communication cable is
Illustration 4.11 Connecting the Mechanical Brake to the recommended.
Frequency Converter
• See chapter 4.3 Grounding for proper grounding.

130BB489.10
4.8.5 USB Data Communication
61

68 +

RS485

69

Illustration 4.13 Serial Communication Wiring Diagram

For basic serial communication set-up, select the following:


1. Protocol type in parameter 8-30 Protocol.
Illustration 4.12 Network Bus List
2. Frequency converter address in
parameter 8-31 Address.
3. Baud rate in parameter 8-32 Baud Rate.
When the USB cable is disconnected, the frequency
converter connected via the USB port is removed from the Two communication protocols are internal to the
Network bus list. frequency converter. Follow motor manufacturer wiring
requirements.

• Danfoss FC
• Modbus RTU
Functions can be programmed remotely using the protocol
software and RS485 connection, or in parameter group 8-**
Communications and Options.

Selecting a specific communication protocol changes


various default parameter settings to match the specifi-

20 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Electrical Installation Operating Guide

cations of the protocol and makes extra protocol-specific


parameters available.

4.9 Installation Checklist


Before completing installation of the unit, inspect the entire installation as detailed in Table 4.3. Check and mark the items
when completed.

Inspect for Description ☑


Auxiliary equipment • Look for auxiliary equipment, switches, disconnects, or input fuses/circuit breakers, which may reside on
the input power side of the frequency converter or output side to the motor. Ensure that they are ready
4 4
for full-speed operation.

• Check the function and installation of any sensors used for feedback to the frequency converter.

• Remove any power factor correction capacitors on the motor(s).

• Adjust any power factor correction capacitors on the mains side and ensure that they are dampened.

Cable routing • Ensure that the motor wiring and control wiring are separated, shielded, or in 3 separate metallic conduits
for high frequency interference isolation.

Control wiring • Check for broken or damaged wires and loose connections.

• Check that the control wiring is isolated from power and motor wiring for noise immunity.

• Check the voltage source of the signals, if necessary.

The use of shielded cable or twisted pair is recommended. Ensure that the shield is terminated correctly.
Cooling clearance • Ensure that the top and bottom clearance is adequate to ensure proper airflow for cooling, see
chapter 3.3 Mounting.

Ambient conditions • Check that requirements for ambient conditions are met.

Fusing and circuit • Check for proper fusing or circuit breakers.


breakers
• Check that all fuses are inserted firmly and are in operational condition and that all circuit breakers are in
the open position.

Grounding • Check for sufficient ground connections and ensure that they are tight and free of oxidation.

• Do not ground to conduit, or mount the back panel to a metal surface.

Input and output • Check for loose connections.


power wiring
• Check that the motor and mains cables are in separate conduit or separated shielded cables.

Panel interior • Inspect that the unit interior is free of dirt, metal chips, moisture, and corrosion.

• Check that the unit is mounted on an unpainted, metal surface.

Switches • Ensure that all switch and disconnect settings are in the proper positions.

Vibration • Check that the unit is mounted solidly, or that shock mounts are used, as necessary.

• Check for an unusual amount of vibration.

Table 4.3 Installation Check List

CAUTION
POTENTIAL HAZARD IN THE EVENT OF INTERNAL FAILURE
Risk of personal injury if the frequency converter is not properly closed.
• Before applying power, ensure that all safety covers are in place and securely fastened.

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 21


Commissioning VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

5 Commissioning

5.1 Safety Instructions 3. Ensure that all operator devices are in the OFF
position. Panel doors must be closed and covers
See chapter 2 Safety for general safety instructions. securely fastened.
4. Apply power to the unit. Do not start the
WARNING frequency converter now. For units with a
disconnect switch, turn it to the ON position to
HIGH VOLTAGE apply power to the frequency converter.
Frequency converters contain high voltage when
5 5 connected to AC mains input power. Failure to perform
installation, start-up, and maintenance by qualified
5.3 Local Control Panel Operation

personnel could result in death or serious injury. The frequency converter supports numerical local control
panel (NLCP), graphic local control panel (GLCP), and blind
• Installation, start-up, and maintenance must be cover. This section describes the operations with NLCP and
performed by qualified personnel only. GLCP.

Before applying power: NOTICE


1. Close the cover properly. The frequency converter can also be programmed from
2. Check that all cable glands are firmly tightened. the MCT 10 Set-up Software on PC via RS485 communi-
cation port or USB port. This software can be ordered
3. Ensure that input power to the unit is off and
using code number 130B1000 or downloaded from the
locked out. Do not rely on the frequency
Danfoss website: www.danfoss.com/BusinessAreas/Drives-
converter disconnect switches for input power
Solutions/softwaredownload.
isolation.
4. Verify that there is no voltage on input terminals 5.3.1 Numeric Local Control Panel (LCP)
L1 (91), L2 (92), and L3 (93), phase-to-phase, and
phase-to-ground.
The numerical local control panel (NLCP) is divided into 4
5. Verify that there is no voltage on output functional sections.
terminals 96 (U), 97 (V), and 98 (W), phase-to-
phase, and phase-to-ground. A. Numeric display.
6. Confirm continuity of the motor by measuring Ω B. Menu key.
values on U–V (96–97), V–W (97–98), and W–U
(98–96). C. Navigation keys and indicator lights (LEDs).

7. Check for proper grounding of the frequency D. Operation keys and indicator lights (LEDs).
converter and the motor.
8. Inspect the frequency converter for loose
connections on the terminals.
9. Confirm that the supply voltage matches the
voltage of the frequency converter and the
motor.

5.2 Applying Power


Apply power to the frequency converter using the
following steps:
1. Confirm that the input voltage is balanced within
3%. If not, correct the input voltage imbalance
before proceeding. Repeat this procedure after
the voltage correction.
2. Ensure that any optional equipment wiring
matches the installation application.

22 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Commissioning Operating Guide

C. Indicator lights (LEDs) and navigation keys

130BC506.10
1
Indicator Light Function
ON turns on when the frequency
3
converter receives power from the
A 6 On Green
Setup 1 mains voltage, a DC bus terminal, or a
5 24 V external supply.
2 When warning conditions are met, the
Status Quick Main yellow WARN light turns on, and text
4 B 10 7 Warn Yellow
Menu Menu appears in the display area identifying
Menu the problem.
9
A fault condition causes the red alarm
C 11
8 Alarm Red light to flash and an alarm text is 5 5
Back

shown.
On OK
6
12 Table 5.2 Legend to Illustration 5.1, Indicator Lights (LEDs)
Warn
7
Alarm
Key Function
8 10
Hand Off Auto For moving to the previous step or layer
D
Reset 9 [Back]
On On in the navigation structure.
For switching between parameter groups,
parameters, and within parameters, or
13 14 15
10 Arrows [▲] [▼] increasing/decreasing parameter values.
Illustration 5.1 View of the NLCP Arrows can also be used for setting local
reference.
Press to access parameter groups or to
11 [OK]
A. Numeric display enable a selection.
The LCD display is backlit with 1 numeric line. All data is Press to move from left to right within
shown in the NLCP. 12 [►] the parameter value to change each digit
individually.
The set-up number shows the active set-up and the edit
set-up. If the same set-up acts as both active and edit set- Table 5.3 Legend to Illustration 5.1, Navigation Keys
up, only that set-up number is shown (factory setting).
1
When active and edit set-up differ, both numbers are D. Operation keys and indicator lights (LEDs)
shown in the display (for example set-up 12). The number
flashing indicates the edit set-up. Key Function
2 Parameter number. Starts the frequency converter in local control.
3 Parameter value. • An external stop signal by control input or
13 Hand On
Motor direction is shown at the bottom left of the display. serial communication overrides the local
4 hand on.
A small arrow indicates the direction.
The triangle indicates whether the LCP is in Status, Quick Stops the motor but does not remove power
5
Menu, or Main Menu. to the frequency converter or resets the
14 Off/Reset
frequency converter manually after a fault has
Table 5.1 Legend to Illustration 5.1, Section A
been cleared.
Puts the system in remote operational mode.
• Responds to an external start command by
130BD135.10

Setup 1234 AHP


15 Auto On
VkW control terminals or serial communication.
srpm
p5 p4
n1 n2 n3
Hz%
INDEX p3 p2 p1

Table 5.4 Legend to Illustration 5.1, Section D


Illustration 5.2 Display Information

B. Menu key
To select between Status, Quick Menu, or Main Menu,
press [Menu].

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 23


Commissioning VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

WARNING NOTICE
During start-up, the LCP shows the message INITIALISING.
ELECTRICAL HAZARD
When this message is no longer shown, the frequency
Even after pressing the [Off/Reset] key, voltage is present
converter is ready for operation. Adding or removing
at the terminals of the frequency converter. Pressing the
options can extend the duration of start-up.
[Off/Reset] key does not disconnect the frequency
converter from mains. Touching live parts can result in
death or serious injury. 5.3.3 Quick Menu on NLCP
• Do not touch any live parts.
The Quick Menu gives easy access to the most frequently
used parameters.
5.3.2 The Right-key Function on NLCP
5 5 1. To enter Quick Menu, press [Menu] until the
indicator in the display is placed above Quick
Press [►] to edit any of the 4 digits on the display
individually. When pressing [►] once, the cursor moves to Menu.
the first digit, and the digit starts flashing as shown in 2. Press [▲] [▼] to select either QM1 or QM2, then
Illustration 5.3. Press the [▲] [▼] to change the value. press [OK].
Pressing [►] does not change the value of the digits, or
move the decimal point.
3. Press [▲] [▼] to browse through the parameters in
Quick Menu.
4. Press [OK] to select a parameter.
130BC440.10

Setup 1 5. Press [▲] [▼] to change the value of a parameter


setting.
6. Press [OK] to accept the change.
7. To exit, press either [Back] twice (or 3 times if in
Setup 1 QM2 and QM3) to enter Status, or press [Menu]
once to enter Main Menu.

Setup 1

Setup 1

Setup 1

Illustration 5.3 Right-key Function

[►] can also be used for moving between parameter


groups. When in Main Menu, press [►] to move to the first
parameter in the next parameter group (for example, move
from parameter 0-03 Regional Settings [0] International to
parameter 1-00 Configuration Mode [0] Open loop).

24 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


MG07A302
QM 1 QM 2 Changes made QM 3 QM 4 QM 5
Commissioning

130BC445.12

Alarm log TBD


Language 0-01 [0] Basic motor set-up Adv. motor set-up Encoder set-up

BMS ES L10C SFS


Motor Type 1-10 [0] AMS
Last 10 changes Since factory setting
PM motor Asynchronous motor
Stator Terminal 32/33
Motor current 1-00 [0] 1-30 XXXX Resistance (Rs) 5-70 XXXX
1-24 XXXX A 1-20 XXXX kW Motor power mode pulses per revolution

Motor
Motor control 1-39 XXXX Motor poles Terminal 32/33
nominal 1-25 XXXX RPM 1-22 XXXX V Motor voltage 1-01 [1] 5-71 [0]
principle encoder direction
speed
Motor cont. Motor thermal
rated torque
1-26 XXXX 1-23 XXXX Hz Motor frequency 1-90 [0] protection
Motor type 1-10 [0]
Stator PM motor Asynchronous motor
Resistance (Rs) 1-30 XXXX 1-24 XXXX A Motor current 2-10 [0] Brake function

Motor
Motor poles 1-39 XXXX Motor 1-24 XXXX A 1-20 XXXX kW Motor power
1-25 XXXX RPM nominal current 4-16 XXXX % Torque limit motor mode
speed
Operating Guide

Motor
Back EMF at 1-40 XXXX 1-25 XXXX RPM
nominal 1-22 XXXX V Motor voltage
1000 RPM 4-17 XXXX % Torque limit generator mode
speed

d-axis 1-37 XXXX Motor cont.


inductance (Ld) rated torque
1-26 XXXX 1-23 XXXX Hz Motor frequency
4-18 XXXX % Current limit

Stator
Resistance (Rs) 1-30 XXXX 1-24 XXXX A Motor current
3-02 XXXX Hz Minimum reference

Motor poles 1-39 XXXX Motor

Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved.


3-03 XXXX Hz Maximum reference 1-25 XXXX RPM nominal
speed
Back EMF at
1000 RPM 1-40 XXXX
3-41 XXXX S Ramp 1 ramp-up time

d-axis 1-37 XXXX


inductance (Ld)
3-42 XXXX S Ramp 1 ramp-down time

5-12 [2] Terminal 27 digital input


4-14 XXXX Hz Motor speed high limit [Hz]
1-29 [1] AMA

4-19 XXXX Hz Maximum output frequency

Illustration 5.4 Quick Menu Structure

25
5 5
Commissioning VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

5.3.4 Main Menu on NLCP

130BC446.10
Setup 1
12
The Main Menu gives access to all parameters.
OK 1

Back
11
1. To enter Main Menu, press [Menu] until the
Setup 1
indicator in the display is placed above Main
2x 10
Menu.
2. [▲] [▼]: Browse through the parameter groups. 2
+ OK Setup 1
3. Press [OK] to select a parameter group.
4. [▲] [▼]: Browse through the parameters in the

5 5 specific group. OK 3

5. Press [OK] to select the parameter. Setup 1

6. [►] and [▲] [▼]: Set/change the parameter value.


7. Press [OK] to accept the value. 4

8. To exit, press either [Back] twice (or 3 times for Setup 1

array parameters) to enter Main Menu, or press


[Menu] once to enter Status. 5
See Illustration 5.5, Illustration 5.6, and Illustration 5.7 for the
Setup 1
principles of changing the value of continuous,
enumerated, and array parameters, respectively. The
9
actions in the illustrations are described in Table 5.5, 6
Table 5.6, and Table 5.7. OK
Setup 1

Back
7

Setup 1

8
Setup 1

Illustration 5.5 Main Menu Interactions - Continuous


Parameters

26 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Commissioning Operating Guide

1 [OK]: The first parameter in the group is shown. Array parameters function as follows:
2 Press [▼] repeatedly to move down to the parameter.
3 Press [OK] to start editing.

130BC448.10
Setup 1 10
4 [►]: First digit flashing (can be edited).
5 [►]: Second digit flashing (can be edited). 5x
6 [►]: Third digit flashing (can be edited). OK 1 9

Back
7 [▼]: Decrease the parameter value, the decimal point
Setup 1
changes automatically.
8
%
8 [▲]: Increase the parameter value. INDEX
9 [Back]: Cancel changes, return to 2. 2
OK
[OK]: Accept changes, return to 2.
10 [▲][▼]: Select parameter within the group.
Setup 1
5 5

Back
% 7
11 [Back]: Remove the value and show the parameter group. INDEX

12 [▲][▼]: Select group.


Setup 1 OK
Table 5.5 Changing Values in Continuous Parameters
% 6
INDEX

Back
For enumerated parameters, the interaction is similar, but OK 4
the parameter value is shown in brackets because of the
Setup 1
digits limitation (4 large digits) on the NLCP, and the enum
can be greater than 99. When the enum value is greater % 5
INDEX
than 99, the LCP can only show the first part of the
bracket.
Illustration 5.7 Main Menu Interactions - Array Parameters
130BC447.11

Setup 1 7
1 [OK]: Show parameter numbers and the value in the first
index.
OK 1 2 [OK]: Index can be selected.
Back

Setup 1
3 [▲][▼]: Select index.

5 4 [OK]: Value can be edited.


5 [▲][▼]: Change parameter value (flashing).
OK 2 6 [Back]: Cancel changes.
Back

4 OK
Setup 1 [OK]: Accept changes.
7 [Back]: Cancel editing index, select a new parameter.
3 8 [▲][▼]: Select parameter within the group.
9 [Back]: Remove parameter index value and show the
Illustration 5.6 Main Menu Interactions - Enumerated parameter group.
Parameters 10 [▲][▼]: Select group.

Table 5.7 Changing Values in Array Parameters

1 [OK]: The first parameter in the group is shown.


2 Press [OK] to start editing.
3 [▲][▼]: Change parameter value (flashing).
4 Press [Back] to cancel changes or [OK] to accept changes
(return to screen 2).
5 [▲][▼]: Select a parameter within the group.
6 [Back]: Remove the value and show the parameter group.
7 [▲][▼]: Select a group.

Table 5.6 Changing Values in Enumerated Parameters

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 27


Commissioning VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

5.3.5 GLCP Layout B. Display menu keys


Menu keys are used for menu access for parameter set-up,
The GLCP is divided into 4 functional groups (see toggling through status display modes during normal
Illustration 5.8). operation, and viewing fault log data.

Key Function
A. Display area
6 Status Shows operational information.
B. Display menu keys Allows access to programming parameters
Quick
C. Navigation keys and indicator lights (LEDs) 7 for initial set-up instructions and many
Menu
detailed application instructions.
D. Operation keys and reset
Allows access to all programming
8 Main Menu
parameters.
5 5
130BD598.10
1 3 Shows a list of current warnings, the last 10
Status 1(1) 9 Alarm Log
alarms, and the maintenance log.
799 RPM 7.83 A 36.4 kW

2 0.000 Table 5.9 Legend to Illustration 5.8, Display Menu Keys


A 5
53.2 %
C. Navigation keys and indicator lights (LEDs)
4 Auto Remote Ramping Navigation keys are used for programming functions and
moving the display cursor. The navigation keys also
6 9 provide speed control in local operation. There are also 3
Quick Main Alarm
B Status Menu Menu Log
frequency converter status indicator lights in this area.

Key Function
7
8
Reverts to the previous step or list in the
10 Back
Ca

menu structure.
ck

nc
Ba

11
el

Cancels the last change or command as long


10 C 11 Cancel
as the display mode has not changed.
12
Press for a definition of the function being
Info

On OK
12 Info
15 shown.
Warn.
Navigation To move between items in the menu, use the
16 13 13
Alarm keys 4 navigation keys.
17 Press to access parameter groups or to
14 OK
D Hand
Off
Auto Reset enable a selection.
on on
14
Table 5.10 Legend to Illustration 5.8, Navigation Keys
18 19 20 21

Illustration 5.8 Graphic Local Control Panel (GLCP) Indicator Light Function
ON turns on when the frequency
converter receives power from the
15 On Green
A. Display area mains voltage, a DC bus terminal,
The display area is activated when the frequency converter or a 24 V external supply.
receives power from the mains voltage, a DC bus terminal, When warning conditions are met,
or a 24 V DC external supply. the yellow WARN light turns on,
16 Warn Yellow
and text appears in the display
The information shown on the LCP can be customized for
area identifying the problem.
user applications. Select options in the Quick Menu Q3-13
A fault condition causes the red
Display Settings.
17 Alarm Red alarm light to flash, and an alarm
Display Parameter number Default setting text is shown.
1 0-20 [1602] Reference [%]
Table 5.11 Legend to Illustration 5.8, Indicator Lights (LEDs)
2 0-21 [1614] Motor Current
3 0-22 [1610] Power [kW]
D. Operation keys and reset
4 0-23 [1613] Frequency Operation keys are at the bottom of the LCP.
5 0-24 [1502] kWh Counter

Table 5.8 Legend to Illustration 5.8, Display Area

28 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Commissioning Operating Guide

Key Function 5. Press [◄] [►] to shift digit when a decimal


Starts the frequency converter in hand-on parameter is in the editing state.
mode. 6. Press [OK] to accept the change.
18 Hand On • An external stop signal by control input
or serial communication overrides the 7. Press either [Back] twice to enter Status, or press
local hand on. [Main Menu] once to enter the Main Menu.

Stops the motor but does not remove power View changes
19 Off Quick Menu Q5 - Changes Made lists all parameters
to the frequency converter.
Puts the system in remote operational mode.
changed from default settings.
• Responds to an external start command • The list only shows parameters, which have been
20 Auto On by control terminals or serial communi- changed in the current edit set-up.
cation.

Resets the frequency converter manually


• Parameters which have been reset to default
values are not listed.
5 5
21 Reset
after a fault has been cleared.
• The message Empty indicates that no parameters
have been changed.
Table 5.12 Legend to Illustration 5.8, Operation Keys and Reset

NOTICE 5.3.8 Uploading/Downloading Data to/from


To adjust the display contrast, press [Status] and the
the GLCP
[▲]/[▼] keys.
1. Press [Off] to stop the motor before uploading or
downloading data.
5.3.6 Parameter Settings
2. Press [Main Menu] parameter 0-50 LCP Copy and
Establishing the correct programming for applications press [OK].
often requires setting functions in several related 3. Select [1] All to LCP to upload data to the LCP or
parameters. Details for parameters are provided in select [2] All from LCP to download data from the
chapter 10.2 Parameter Menu Structure. LCP.
4. Press [OK]. A progress bar shows the uploading or
Programming data is stored internally in the frequency downloading progress.
converter.
5. Press [Hand On] or [Auto On] to return to normal
operation.
• For back-up, upload data into the LCP memory.
• To download data to another frequency 5.3.9 Restoring Default Settings with LCP
converter, connect the LCP to that unit and
download the stored settings.
NOTICE
• Restoring factory default settings does not Risk of losing programming, motor data, localization, and
change data stored in the LCP memory. monitoring records by restoration of default settings. To
provide a back-up, upload data to the LCP before initiali-
5.3.7 Changing Parameter Settings with zation.
GLCP
Restoring the default parameter settings is done by initiali-
Access and change parameter settings from the Quick zation of the frequency converter. Initialization is carried
Menu or from the Main Menu. The Quick Menu only gives out through parameter 14-22 Operation Mode
access to a limited number of parameters. (recommended) or manually. Initialization does not reset
the settings for parameter 1-06 Clockwise Direction.
1. Press [Quick Menu] or [Main Menu] on the LCP.
2. Press [▲] [▼] to browse through the parameter • Initialization using parameter 14-22 Operation
groups, press [OK] to select a parameter group. Mode does not reset frequency converter settings,
such as operating hours, serial communication
3. Press [▲] [▼] to browse through the parameters, selections, fault log, alarm log, and other
press [OK] to select a parameter. monitoring functions.
4. Press [▲] [▼] to change the value of a parameter • Manual initialization erases all motor,
setting. programming, localization, and monitoring data
and restores factory default settings.

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 29


Commissioning VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

Recommended initialization procedure, via The data is found in the motor datasheet (this data is
parameter 14-22 Operation Mode typically not available on the motor nameplate). Run a
1. Select parameter 14-22 Operation Mode and press complete AMA using parameter 1-29 Automatic Motor
[OK]. Adaption (AMA) [1] Enable Complete AMA or enter the
parameters manually.
2. Select [2] Initialisation and press [OK].
3. Remove power to the unit and wait until the
Application-specific adjustment when running VVC+
display turns off.
VVC+ is the most robust control mode. In most situations,
4. Apply power to the unit. it provides optimum performance without further
Default parameter settings are restored during start-up. adjustments. Run a complete AMA for best performance.
This may take slightly longer than normal.

5 5 5. Alarm 80, Drive initialised to default value is shown.


5.4.2 PM Motor Set-up in VVC+

6. Press [Reset] to return to operation mode. Initial programming steps


1. Set parameter 1-10 Motor Construction to the
Manual initialization procedure
following options to activate PM motor operation:
1. Remove power to the unit and wait until the
display turns off. 1a [1] PM, non salient SPM

2. Press and hold [Status], [Main Menu], and [OK] at 1b [2] PM, salient IPM, non Sat
the same time on the GLCP, or press [Menu] and 1c [3] PM, salient IPM, Sat
[OK] at the same time on the NLCP while
2. Select [0] Open Loop in parameter 1-00 Configu-
applying power to the unit (approximately 5 s or
ration Mode.
until a click is heard and the fan starts).
Factory default parameter settings are restored during NOTICE
start-up. This may take slightly longer than normal. Encoder feedback is not supported for PM motors.

Manual initialization does not reset the following Programming motor data
frequency converter information: After selecting 1 of the PM motor options in
• Parameter 15-00 Operating hours parameter 1-10 Motor Construction, the PM motor-related
parameters in parameter groups 1-2* Motor Data, 1-3* Adv.
• Parameter 15-03 Power Up's
Motor Data, and 1-4* Adv. Motor Data II are active.
• Parameter 15-04 Over Temp's Find the information on the motor nameplate and in the
motor datasheet.
• Parameter 15-05 Over Volt's
Program the following parameters in the listed order:
5.4 Basic Programming
1. Parameter 1-24 Motor Current.
5.4.1 Asynchronous Motor Set-up 2. Parameter 1-26 Motor Cont. Rated Torque.
3. Parameter 1-25 Motor Nominal Speed.
Enter the following motor data in the listed order. Find the
information on the motor nameplate. 4. Parameter 1-39 Motor Poles.
5. Parameter 1-30 Stator Resistance (Rs).
1. Parameter 1-20 Motor Power. Enter line-to-common stator winding resistance
(Rs). If only line-line data is available, divide the
2. Parameter 1-22 Motor Voltage.
line-line value by 2 to achieve the line-to-
3. Parameter 1-23 Motor Frequency. common (starpoint) value.
4. Parameter 1-24 Motor Current. It is also possible to measure the value with an
ohmmeter, which also takes the resistance of the
5. Parameter 1-25 Motor Nominal Speed.
cable into account. Divide the measured value by
For optimum performance in VVC+ mode, extra motor data 2 and enter the result.
is required to set up the following parameters. 6. Parameter 1-37 d-axis Inductance (Ld).
Enter line-to-common direct axis inductance of
6. Parameter 1-30 Stator Resistance (Rs). the PM motor.
7. Parameter 1-31 Rotor Resistance (Rr). If only line-to-line data is available, divide the
line-line value by 2 to achieve the line-common
8. Parameter 1-33 Stator Leakage Reactance (X1).
(starpoint) value.
9. Parameter 1-35 Main Reactance (Xh).

30 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Commissioning Operating Guide

It is also possible to measure the value with an Application Settings


inductance meter, which also takes the Low inertia applications • Increase the value for
inductance of the cable into account. Divide the ILoad/IMotor <5 parameter 1-17 Voltage filter time
measured value by 2 and enter the result. const. by factor 5–10.
7. Parameter 1-40 Back EMF at 1000 RPM. • Reduce the value for
Enter line-to-line back EMF of the PM motor at parameter 1-14 Damping Gain.
1000 RPM mechanical speed (RMS value). Back
• Reduce the value (<100%) for
EMF is the voltage generated by a PM motor parameter 1-66 Min. Current at
when no frequency converter is connected and Low Speed.
the shaft is turned externally. Back EMF is
normally specified for nominal motor speed or for Medium inertia Keep calculated values.
applications
1000 RPM measured between 2 lines. If the value
is not available for a motor speed of 1000 RPM, 50>ILoad/IMotor >5 5 5
calculate the correct value as follows: For High inertia applications Increase the values for
example, if back EMF at 1800 RPM is 320 V, the ILoad/IMotor >50 parameter 1-14 Damping Gain,
back EMF at 1000 RPM is: parameter 1-15 Low Speed Filter Time
Back EMF=(Voltage/ Const., and parameter 1-16 High
RPM)x1000=(320/1800)x1000=178. Speed Filter Time Const.
Program this value for parameter 1-40 Back EMF at High load at low speed Increase the value for
1000 RPM. <30% (rated speed) parameter 1-17 Voltage filter time
const.
Test motor operation
Increase the value for
1. Start the motor at low speed (100–200 RPM). If
parameter 1-66 Min. Current at Low
the motor does not turn, check installation,
Speed (>100% for longer time can
general programming, and motor data.
overheat the motor).
Parking
This function is the recommended choice for applications Table 5.13 Recommendations in Different Applications
where the motor rotates at slow speed (for example,
windmilling in fan applications). Parameter 2-06 Parking If the motor starts oscillating at a certain speed, increase
Current and parameter 2-07 Parking Time are adjustable. parameter 1-14 Damping Gain. Increase the value in small
Increase the factory setting of these parameters for steps.
applications with high inertia.
Starting torque can be adjusted in parameter 1-66 Min.
Start the motor at nominal speed. If the application does
Current at Low Speed. 100% provides nominal torque as
not run well, check the VVC+ PM settings. Table 5.13 shows
starting torque.
recommendations in different applications.

5.4.3 Automatic Motor Adaptation (AMA)

To optimize compatibility between the frequency converter


and the motor in VVC+ mode, run AMA.

• The frequency converter builds a mathematical


model of the motor for regulating output motor
current, thus enhancing motor performance.
• Some motors may be unable to run the complete
version of the test. In that case, select [2] Enable
reduced AMA in parameter 1-29 Automatic Motor
Adaption (AMA).
• If warnings or alarms occur, see chapter 8.4 List of
Warnings and Alarms.
• For best results, run this procedure on a cold
motor.

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 31


Commissioning VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

To run AMA using the LCP 5.5 Checking Motor Rotation


1. By default parameter setting, connect terminals
13 and 27 before running AMA. Before running the frequency converter, check the motor
rotation.
2. Enter the Main Menu.
3. Go to parameter group 1-** Load and Motor. 1. Press [Hand On].
4. Press [OK]. 2. Press [▲] for positive speed reference.
5. Set motor parameters using nameplate data for
3. Check that the speed shown is positive.
parameter group 1-2* Motor Data.
4. Verify that the wiring between the frequency
6. Set motor cable length in parameter 1-42 Motor
converter and the motor is correct.
Cable Length.
5 5 7. Go to parameter 1-29 Automatic Motor Adaption
5. Verify that the motor running direction matches
the setting in parameter 1-06 Clockwise Direction.
(AMA).
5a When parameter 1-06 Clockwise Direction
8. Press [OK].
is set to [0] Normal (default clockwise):
9. Select [1] Enable complete AMA.
a. Verify that the motor turns
10. Press [OK]. clockwise.
11. The test runs automatically and indicates when it b. Verify that the LCP direction
is complete. arrow is clockwise.
Depending on the power size, the AMA takes 3– 5b When parameter 1-06 Clockwise Direction
10 minutes to complete. is set to [1] Inverse (counterclockwise):
a. Verify that the motor turns
NOTICE counterclockwise.
The AMA function does not cause the motor to run and b. Verify that the LCP direction
it does not harm the motor. arrow is counterclockwise.

5.6 Checking Encoder Rotation


Only check encoder rotation if encoder feedback is used.

1. Select [0] Open Loop in parameter 1-00 Configu-


ration Mode.
2. Select [1] 24 V encoder in parameter 7-00 Speed
PID Feedback Source.
3. Press [Hand On].
4. Press [▲] for positive speed reference
(parameter 1-06 Clockwise Direction at [0] Normal).
5. Check in parameter 16-57 Feedback [RPM] that the
feedback is positive.

NOTICE
NEGATIVE FEEDBACK
If the feedback is negative, the encoder connection is
wrong. Use parameter 5-71 Term 32/33 Encoder Direction
to inverse the direction, or reverse the encoder cables.

32 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Commissioning Operating Guide

5.7 Local-control Test


1. Press [Hand On] to provide a local start command
to the frequency converter.
2. Accelerate the frequency converter by pressing
[▲] to full speed. Moving the cursor left of the
decimal point provides quicker input changes.
3. Note any acceleration problems.
4. Press [Off]. Note any deceleration problems.
If acceleration or deceleration problems occur, see
chapter 8.5 Troubleshooting. See chapter 8.2 Warning and
Alarm Types for resetting the frequency converter after a 5 5
trip.

5.8 System Start-up


The procedure in this section requires user-wiring and
application programming to be completed. The following
procedure is recommended after application set-up is
completed.

1. Press [Auto On].


2. Apply an external run command.
3. Adjust the speed reference throughout the speed
range.
4. Remove the external run command.
5. Check the sound and vibration levels of the
motor to ensure that the system is working as
intended.
If warnings or alarms occur, see chapter 8.2 Warning and
Alarm Types for resetting the frequency converter after a
trip.

5.9 STO Commissioning


Refer to chapter 6 Safe Torque Off (STO) for the correct
installation and commissioning of STO.

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Safe Torque Off (STO) VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

6 Safe Torque Off (STO)

The Safe Torque Off (STO) function is a component in a Terminal 37 Terminal 38 Torque Warning or
safety control system. STO prevents the unit from alarm
generating the energy that is required to rotate the motor, Energized1) Energized Yes2) No warnings or
thus ensuring safety in emergency situations. alarms.
De-energized3) De-energized No Warning/alarm
The STO function is designed and approved suitable for 68: Safe Torque
the requirements of: Off.
• IEC/EN 61508: 2010 SIL2 De-energized Energized No Alarm 188: STO
Function Fault.
• IEC/EN 61800-5-2: 2007 SIL2
Energized De-energized No Alarm 188: STO
• IEC/EN 62061: 2012 SILCL of SIL2 Function Fault.
6 6 • EN ISO 13849-1: 2008 Category 3 PL d
Table 6.1 STO Status
To achieve the required level of operational safety, select
1) Voltage range is 24 V ±5 V, with terminal 55 as the reference
and apply the components in the safety control system
terminal.
appropriately. Before using STO, carry out a thorough risk
2) Torque is present only when the frequency converter is operating.
analysis on the installation to determine whether the STO
3) Open circuit, or the voltage within the range of 0 V ±1.5 V, with
function and safety levels are appropriate and sufficient.
terminal 55 as the reference terminal.

The STO function in the frequency converter is controlled Test pulse filtering
via control terminals 37 and 38. When STO is activated, the For safety devices that generate test pulses on the STO
power supply on the high side and low side of the IGBT control lines: If the pulse signals stay at low level (≤1.8 V)
gate driving circuits is cut off. Illustration 6.1 shows the STO for no longer than 5 ms, they are ignored, as shown in
architecture. Table 6.1 shows STO statuses based on Illustration 6.2.
whether terminals 37 and 38 are energized.

130BE587.12
T37/38 5 ms max. Test pulse STO demanded
130BE463.12

Voltage

+UDC
24 V
24 V
12 voltage IGBT
source high-side X3
gate driving
circuit
Time
38
17 V X3 STO request Debounce time
diagnostic
circuit state

37 IGBT
STO valid
X3
low-side
gate driving
circuit
55
STO invalid
Time
Illustration 6.2 Test Pulse Filtering
PELV

Illustration 6.1 STO Architecture

Asynchronous input tolerance


The input signals at the 2 terminals are not always
synchronous. If the discrepancy between the 2 signals is
longer than 12 ms, the STO fault alarm (alarm 188, STO
Function Fault) occurs.
Valid signals
To activate STO, the 2 signals must both be at low level for
at least 80 ms. To terminate STO, the 2 signals must both
be at high level for at least 20 ms. Refer to
chapter 9.6 Control Input/Output and Control Data for the
voltage levels and input current of STO terminals.

34 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Safe Torque Off (STO) Operating Guide

6.1 Safety Precautions for STO

130BE213.10
Qualified personnel
Only qualified personnel are allowed to install or operate
this equipment.
Qualified personnel are defined as trained staff, who are
authorized to install, commission, and maintain equipment,
systems, and circuits in accordance with pertinent laws and
regulations. Also, the personnel must be familiar with the
instructions and safety measures described in this manual.

NOTICE
After installation of STO, perform a commissioning test
as specified in chapter 6.3.3 STO Commissioning Test. A
passed commissioning test is mandatory after first instal-
lation and after each change to the safety installation. 6 6
WARNING
RISK OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK Illustration 6.3 Jumper between Terminal 12 (24 V), 37, and 38
The STO function does NOT isolate mains voltage to the
frequency converter or auxiliary circuits, and therefore
does not provide electrical safety. Failure to isolate the 2. Connect a dual-channel safety device (for
mains voltage supply from the unit and wait the time example safety PLC, light curtain, safety relay, or
specified could result in death or serious injury. emergency stop button) to terminals 37 and 38
to form a safety application. The device must
• Perform work on electrical parts of the
comply with the required safety level based on
frequency converter or the motor only after
the hazard assessment. Illustration 6.4 shows the
isolating the mains voltage supply and waiting
wiring schematic of STO applications where the
the time specified in chapter 2.3.1 Discharge
frequency converter and the safety device are in
Time.
the same cabinet. Illustration 6.5 shows the wiring
schematic of STO applications where external
NOTICE supply is used.
When designing the machine application, consider the NOTICE
timing and distance for a coast to stop (STO). For more The STO signal must be PELV supplied.
information regarding stop categories, refer to EN
60204-1. 1 130BE424.11

6.2 Safe Torque Off Installation 37

38
For motor connection, AC mains connection, and control
wiring, follow the instructions for safe installation in 12
chapter 4 Electrical Installation.

Enable the integrated STO as follows:


1. Remove the jumper between control terminals 12
(24 V), 37, and 38. Cutting or breaking the jumper
is not sufficient to avoid short-circuiting. See the 55

jumper in Illustration 6.3.

1 Safety device

Illustration 6.4 STO Wiring in 1 Cabinet, the Frequency


Converter Provides the Supply Voltage

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 35


Safe Torque Off (STO) VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

WARNING

130BE425.12
1
+
37

38

12
24 V source
RISK OF INJURY OR DEATH
-
Reapplying 24 V DC supply to either terminal 37 or 38
terminates the SIL2 STO state, potentially starting the
55
motor. Unexpected motor start may cause personal
injuries or death.
• Ensure that all safety measures are taken before
reapplying 24 V DC supply to terminals 37 and
1 Safety device 38.

Illustration 6.5 STO Wiring, External Supply


Restart Steps to deactivate STO Restart mode configu-
mode and resume normal ration
operation

6 6
3. Complete the wiring according to the instructions
Manual 1. Reapply 24 V DC Default setting.
in chapter 4 Electrical Installation, and:
restart supply to terminals 37 Parameter 5-19 Terminal
3a Eliminate short circuit risks. and 38. 37/38 Safe Torque Off=[1]
3b Ensure that the STO cables are shielded Safe Torque Off Alarm
2. Initiate a reset signal
if they are longer than 20 m (65.6 ft) or (via fieldbus, digital
outside the cabinet. I/O, or [Reset]/[Off
3c Connect the safety device directly to Reset] key on the
terminals 37 and 38. LCP).

Automatic Reapply 24 V DC supply Parameter 5-19 Terminal


6.3 STO Commissioning
restart to terminals 37 and 38. 37/38 Safe Torque Off= [3]
6.3.1 Activation of Safe Torque Off Safe Torque Off Warning.

Table 6.2 STO Deactivation


To activate the STO function, remove the voltage at
terminals 37 and 38 of the frequency converter.
6.3.3 STO Commissioning Test
When STO is activated, the frequency converter issues
alarm 68, Safe Torque Off or warning 68, Safe Torque Off, After installation and before first operation, perform a
trips the unit, and coasts the motor to stop. Use the STO commissioning test of the installation using STO.
function to stop the frequency converter in emergency Perform the test again after each modification of the
stop situations. In normal operating mode when STO is not installation or application involving the STO.
required, use the standard stop function instead.
NOTICE
NOTICE A successful commissioning test of the STO function is
If STO is activated while the frequency converter issues required after the initial installation, and after each
warning 8, DC undervoltage or alarm 8, DC undervoltage, subsequent change to the installation.
the frequency converter skips alarm 68, Safe Torque Off,
but the STO operation is not affected. To perform a commissioning test:
• Follow the instructions in chapter 6.3.4 Test for
STO Applications in Manual Restart Mode if STO is
6.3.2 Deactivation of Safe Torque Off
set to manual restart mode.

Follow the instructions in Table 6.2 to deactivate the STO • Follow the instructions in chapter 6.3.5 Test for
function and resume normal operation based on the STO Applications in Automatic Restart Mode if STO
restart mode of the STO function. is set to automatic restart mode.

36 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Safe Torque Off (STO) Operating Guide

6.3.4 Test for STO Applications in Manual 4. Ensure that the motor becomes operational and
Restart Mode runs within the original speed range.
The commissioning test is successfully completed when all
For applications where parameter 5-19 Terminal 37/38 Safe the above-mentioned steps are passed.
Torque Off is set to the default value [1] Safe Torque Off
Alarm, conduct the commissioning test as follows: NOTICE
See the warning on the restart behavior in
1. Set parameter 5-40 Function Relay to [190] Safe chapter 6.1 Safety Precautions for STO.
Function active.
2. Remove the 24 V DC voltage supply to terminals 6.4 Maintenance and Service for STO
37 and 38 using the safety device while the
frequency converter drives the motor (that is, the
• The user is responsible for security measures.

mains supply is not interrupted). • The frequency converter parameters can be


protected with a password.
3. Verify that:
3a The motor coasts. It may take a long
The functional test consists of 2 parts: 6 6
time for the motor to stop.
• Basic functional test.
3b If the LCP is mounted, alarm 68, Safe
Torque Off shows on the LCP. If the LCP • Diagnostic functional test.
is not mounted, alarm 68, Safe Torque When all the steps are completed successfully, the
Off is logged in parameter 15-30 Alarm functional test is successful.
Log: Error Code.
4. Reapply 24 V DC to terminals 37 and 38. Basic functional test
If the STO function has not been used for 1 year, conduct
5. Ensure that the motor remains in the coasted
a basic functional test to detect any failure or malfunction
state, and the customer relay (if connected)
of STO.
remains activated.
1. Ensure that parameter 5-19 Terminal 37/38 Safe
6. Send reset signal (via fieldbus, digital I/O, or Torque Off is set to *[1] Safe Torque Off Alarm.
[Reset]/[Off Reset] key on the LCP).
2. Remove the 24 V DC voltage supply for terminals
7. Ensure that the motor becomes operational and 37 and 38.
runs within the original speed range.
3. Check if the LCP shows alarm 68, Safe Torque Off.
The commissioning test is successfully completed when all
4. Verify that the frequency converter trips the unit.
the above-mentioned steps are passed.
5. Verify that the motor is coasting and stops
completely.
6.3.5 Test for STO Applications in
Automatic Restart Mode 6. Initiate a start signal (via fieldbus, digital I/O, or
the LCP), and verify that the motor does not start.
For applications where parameter 5-19 Terminal 37/38 Safe 7. Reconnect the 24 V DC voltage supply to
Torque Off is set to [3] Safe Torque Off Warning, conduct the terminals 37 and 38.
commissioning test as follows:
8. Verify that the motor is not started automatically
1. Remove the 24 V DC voltage supply to terminals
and restarts only by giving a reset signal (via
37 and 38 by the safety device while the
fieldbus, digital I/O, or [Reset]/[Off Reset] key on
frequency converter drives the motor (that is, the
the LCP).
mains supply is not interrupted).
Diagnostic functional test
2. Verify that:
1. Verify that warning 68, Safe Torque Off and alarm
2a The motor coasts. It may take a long 68, Safe Torque Off do not occur when 24 V
time for the motor to stop. supply is connected to terminals 37 and 38.
2b If the LCP is mounted Warning 68, Safe 2. Remove the 24 V supply for terminal 37, and
Torque Off W68, shows on the LCP. If the verify that the LCP shows alarm 188, STO Function
LCP is not mounted, Warning 68, Safe Fault if the LCP is mounted. If the LCP is not
Torque Off W68 is logged in bit 30 of mounted, verify that alarm 188, STO Function Fault
parameter 16-92 Warning Word. is logged in parameter 15-30 Alarm Log: Error
3. Reapply 24 V DC to terminals 37 and 38. Code.

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Safe Torque Off (STO) VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

3. Reapply 24 V supply to terminal 37, and verify mounted, verify that alarm 188, STO Function Fault
that resetting the alarm is successful. is logged in parameter 15-30 Alarm Log: Error
Code.
4. Remove the 24 V supply for terminal 38 and
verify that the LCP shows alarm 188, STO Function 5. Reapply 24 V supply to terminal 38 and verify
Fault if the LCP is mounted. If the LCP is not that resetting the alarm is successful.

6.5 STO Technical Data


The Failure Modes, Effects, and Diagnostic Analysis (FMEDA) is performed based on the following assumptions:
• VLT® Midi Drive FC 280 takes 10% of the total failure budget for an SIL2 safety loop.
• Failure rates are based on the Siemens SN29500 database.
• Failure rates are constant; wear-out mechanisms are not included.
• For each channel, the safety-related components are considered to be of type A with a hardware fault tolerance
of 0.
6 6 • The stress levels are average for an industrial environment and the working temperature of components is up
to 85 °C (185 °F).
• A safe error (for example output in safe state) is repaired within 8 hours.
• No torque output is the safe state.

Safety of Machinery ISO 13849-1, IEC 62061


Safety standards
Functional Safety IEC 61508
Safety function Safe Torque Off IEC 61800-5-2
ISO 13849-1
Category Cat. 3
Diagnostic Coverage (DC) 60% (Low)
Mean Time to Dangerous Failure
2400 years (High)
(MTTFd)
Performance Level PL d
IEC 61508/IEC 61800-5-2/IEC 62061
Safety Integrity Level SIL2
Probability of Dangerous Failure per
7.54E-9 (1/h)
Hour (PFH) (High Demand Mode)
Probability of Dangerous Failure on
Safety performance
Demand (PFDavg for PTI = 20 years) 6.05E-4
(Low Demand Mode)
For dual-channel parts: >84%
Safe Failure Fraction (SFF)
For single-channel parts: >99%
For dual-channel parts: HFT = 1
Hardware Fault Tolerance (HFT) For single-channel parts: HFT = 0

Proof Test Interval2) 20 years


Common Cause Failure (CCF) β = 5%; βD = 5%
Diagnostic Test Interval (DTI) 160 ms
Systematic Capability SC 2
Reaction time1) Input to output response time Enclosure sizes K1–K3: Maximum 50 ms
Enclosure sizes K4 and K5: Maximum 30 ms

Table 6.3 Technical Data for STO


1) Reaction time is the amount of time from an input signal condition that triggers the STO until the torque is off on the motor.
2) For proof test procedure, refer to chapter 6.4 Maintenance and Service for STO.

38 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Application Examples Operating Guide

7 Application Examples

7.1 Introduction 7.2.2 Speed


The examples in this section are intended as a quick Parameters
reference for common applications. Function Setting

130BE204.11
FC
Parameter 6-10 T
• Parameter settings are the regional default values +24 V 12 erminal 53 Low 0.07 V*
unless otherwise indicated (selected in +24 V 13 Voltage
parameter 0-03 Regional Settings). D IN 18
Parameter 6-11 T
D IN 19
• Parameters associated with the terminals and
D IN 27
erminal 53 High 10 V*
their settings are shown next to the drawings. Voltage
D IN 29
Parameter 6-14 T
• Required switch settings for analog terminals 53 D IN 32
erminal 53 Low 0
or 54 are also shown. D IN 33
Ref./Feedb. Value
NOTICE Parameter 6-15 T
When the STO feature is not used, a jumper wire is +10 V 50
+
erminal 53 High 50 7 7
required between terminals 12, 37, and 38 for the A IN 53
Ref./Feedb. Value
frequency converter to operate with factory default A IN 54 Parameter 6-19 T
[1] Voltage
programming values. COM 55 erminal 53 mode
-
A OUT 42 * = Default value
0 ~10 V
7.2 Application Examples Notes/comments:

7.2.1 AMA

Parameters Table 7.2 Analog Speed Reference (Voltage)


Function Setting
130BF096.10

FC Parameters
Parameter 1-29 A
+24 V 12 [1] Enable Function Setting
utomatic Motor
130BF097.10

+24 V 13 complete FC Parameter 6-22 T


Adaptation
D IN 18 AMA +24 V 12 erminal 54 Low 4 mA*
(AMA)
D IN 19 +24 V 13
Parameter 5-12 T Current
D IN 27 *[2] Coast D IN 18
erminal 27 Parameter 6-23 T
D IN 29 inverse D IN 19
Digital Input erminal 54 High 20 mA*
D IN 32 D IN 27
* = Default value Current
D IN 33 D IN 29
Notes/comments: Set Parameter 6-24 T
D IN 32
parameter group 1-2* Motor D IN 33 erminal 54 Low 0
Data according to motor Ref./Feedb. Value
+10 V 50
A IN 53 specifications. Parameter 6-25 T
A IN 54 NOTICE +10 V 50
erminal 54 High 50
COM 55 A IN
+ Ref./Feedb. Value
If terminal 13 and 27 are 53
A OUT 42 A IN 54 Parameter 6-29 T
not connected, set [0] Current
COM 55 erminal 54 mode
parameter 5-12 Terminal 27 -
A OUT 42 * = Default value
Digital Input to [0] No 4 - 20mA
operation. Notes/comments:

Table 7.1 AMA with T27 Connected


Table 7.3 Analog Speed Reference (Current)

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 39


Application Examples VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

Parameters

130BB840.11
Function Setting

130BE208.11
FC
Parameter 6-10 T
+24 V 12 Speed
erminal 53 Low 0.07 V*
+24 V 13
Voltage Reference
D IN 18
D IN 19 Parameter 6-11 T
D IN 27 erminal 53 High 10 V*
Start ( 18)
D IN 29 Voltage
D IN 32 Parameter 6-14 T Freeze ref ( 27)

D IN 33 erminal 53 Low 0 Speed up ( 29 )

Ref./Feedb. Value
Speed down ( 32 )
Parameter 6-15 T
+10 V 50 erminal 53 High 50
A IN 53 ≈ 5kΩ Ref./Feedb. Value
A IN 54 Parameter 6-19 T Illustration 7.1 Speed Up/Speed Down
[1] Voltage
COM 55 erminal 53 mode
A OUT 42 * = Default value
7.2.3 Start/Stop
7 7 Notes/comments:

Parameters
Function Setting

130BF098.10
FC
Table 7.4 Speed Reference (Using a Manual Potentiometer) Parameter 5-10 Ter
+24 V 12
+24 V 13 minal 18 Digital [8] Start
Parameters Input
D IN 18
Function Setting
130BF100.10

FC D IN 19 Parameter 5-11 Ter


Parameter 5-10 T D IN 27 *[10]
+24 V 12 minal 19 Digital
erminal 18 *[8] Start D IN 29 Reversing
+24 V 13 Input
Digital Input D IN 32
D IN 18
Parameter 5-12 T [19] Freeze D IN 33 Parameter 5-12 Ter [0] No
D IN 19
erminal 27 Reference minal 27 Digital operation
D IN 27
Digital Input Input
D IN 29
D IN 32 Parameter 5-13 T [21] Speed Up +10 V 50 Parameter 5-14 Ter [16] Preset
D IN 33 erminal 29 A IN 53 minal 32 Digital ref bit 0
Digital Input A IN 54 Input
Parameter 5-14 T [22] Speed COM 55 Parameter 5-15 Ter [17] Preset
erminal 32 Down A OUT 42 minal 33 Digital ref bit 1
+10 V 50
A IN Digital Input Input
53
A IN 54 * = Default value Parameter 3-10 Pre
COM 55 Notes/comments: set Reference
A OUT 42 Preset ref. 0 25%
Preset ref. 1 50%
Preset ref. 2 75%
Preset ref. 3 100%
* = Default value
Table 7.5 Speed Up/Speed Down Notes/comments:

Table 7.6 Start/Stop with Reversing and 4 Preset Speeds

40 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Application Examples Operating Guide

7.2.4 External Alarm Reset 7.2.6 SLC

Parameters Parameters
Function Setting Function Setting

130BE211.11
130BF099.10
FC FC Parameter 4-30
Parameter 5-11 T +24 V 12 Motor Feedback [1] Warning
+24 V 12
erminal 19 [1] Reset +24 V 13 Loss Function
+24 V 13
Digital Input D IN 18 Parameter 4-31
D IN 18
* = Default value Motor Feedback 50
D IN 19 D IN 19
Speed Error
D IN 27 Notes/comments: D IN 27
Parameter 4-32
D IN 29 D IN 29 Motor Feedback 5 s
D IN 32 D IN 32 Loss Timeout
D IN 33 D IN 33 Parameter 7-00 S
[1] 24 V
peed PID
encoder
Feedback Source
Parameter 5-70 T
+10 V 50 erm 32/33 Pulses 1024*
+10 V 50
A IN
A IN 53 Per Revolution
53
A IN 54 Parameter 13-00
A IN 54
COM 55
SL Controller [1] On

7 7
COM 55 Mode
A OUT A OUT 42
42 Parameter 13-01
[19] Warning
Start Event
Parameter 13-02
[44] Reset key
01 Stop Event
02 Parameter 13-10
R1

[21] Warning
03 Comparator
Table 7.7 External Alarm Reset no.
Operand
Parameter 13-11
Comparator *[1] ≈
7.2.5 Motor Thermistor Operator
Parameter 13-12
NOTICE Comparator
Value
61

To meet PELV insulation requirements, use reinforced or Parameter 13-51


[22]
double insulation on the thermistors. SL Controller
Comparator 0
Event
Parameter 13-52 [32] Set
Parameters SL Controller digital out A
Function Setting Action low
130BE210.11

FC Parameter 5-40 F [80] SL digital


Parameter 1-90 [2] Thermistor
+24 V 12 unction Relay output A
Motor Thermal trip
+24 V 13 * = Default value
Protection Notes/comments:
D IN 18
Parameter 1-93 T [1] Analog If the limit in the feedback
D IN 19
hermistor Source input 53 monitor is exceeded, warning
D IN 27
61, feedback monitor is issued.
D IN 29 Parameter 6-19 T
The SLC monitors warning 61,
D IN 32 erminal 53 mode [1] Voltage feedback monitor. If warning 61,
D IN 33 feedback monitor becomes true,
relay 1 is triggered.
* = Default value External equipment could
indicate that service is required.
+10 V 50 Notes/comments: If the feedback error goes
A IN 53 If only a warning is needed, set below the limit again within
A IN
5 s, the frequency converter
54 parameter 1-90 Motor Thermal continues, and the warning
COM 55 Protection to [1] Thermistor disappears. Relay 1 persists
A OUT 42 until [Off/Reset] is pressed.
warning.

Table 7.9 Using SLC to Set a Relay

Table 7.8 Motor Thermistor

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 41


Maintenance, Diagnostics, a... VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

8 Maintenance, Diagnostics, and Troubleshooting

8.1 Maintenance and Service Trip


When tripping, the frequency converter suspends
Under normal operating conditions and load profiles, the operation to prevent damage to the frequency converter
frequency converter is maintenance-free throughout its and other equipment. When a trip occurs, the motor coasts
designed lifetime. To prevent breakdown, danger, and to a stop. The frequency converter logic continues to
damage, examine the frequency converter at regular operate and monitor the frequency converter status. After
intervals depending on the operating conditions. Replace the fault condition is remedied, the frequency converter is
worn or damaged parts with original spare parts or ready for a reset.
standard parts. For service and support, contact the local
Trip lock
Danfoss supplier.
When trip locking, the frequency converter suspends

WARNING operation to prevent damage to the frequency converter


and other equipment. When a trip lock occurs, the motor
UNINTENDED START coasts to a stop. The frequency converter logic continues
When the frequency converter is connected to AC mains, to operate and monitor the frequency converter status.
DC supply, or load sharing, the motor may start at any The frequency converter starts a trip lock only when
time. Unintended start during programming, service, or serious faults occur that can damage the frequency
repair work can result in death, serious injury, or converter or other equipment. After the faults are fixed,
8 8 property damage. The motor can start with an external
switch, a fieldbus command, an input reference signal
cycle the input power before resetting the frequency
converter.
from the LCP, via remote operation using MCT 10 Set-up
Software, or after a cleared fault condition. 8.3 Warning and Alarm Display
To prevent unintended motor start:
Setup 1

130BD111.10
• Disconnect the frequency converter from the
mains.
• Press [Off/Reset] on the LCP before
programming parameters.
Status Quick Main
• Completely wire and assemble the frequency Menu Menu
converter, motor, and any driven equipment Illustration 8.1 Warning Display
before connecting the frequency converter to
AC mains, DC supply, or load sharing.
An alarm or trip-lock alarm shows in the display along with
the alarm number.
8.2 Warning and Alarm Types
Warning/ Description
Setup 1
130BD112.10

alarm type
Warning A warning indicates an abnormal operating
condition that leads to an alarm. A warning stops
when the abnormal condition is removed.
Alarm An alarm indicates a fault that requires Status Quick Main
Menu Menu
immediate attention. The fault always triggers a
Illustration 8.2 Alarm/Trip Lock Alarm
trip or trip lock. Reset the frequency converter
after an alarm.
Reset the frequency converter in any of 4 ways:
• Press [Reset]/[Off/Reset].
• Digital reset input command.

• Serial communication reset input command.

• Auto reset.

42 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Maintenance, Diagnostics, a... Operating Guide

In addition to the text and alarm code on the frequency


converter display, there are 3 status indicator lights. The
warning indicator light is yellow during a warning. The
alarm indicator light is red and flashing during an alarm.

130BD062.10
On OK

Warn

Alarm

D Hand Auto
On Reset On

Illustration 8.3 Status Indicator Lights

8 8

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 43


Maintenance, Diagnostics, a... VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

8.4 List of Warnings and Alarms


8.4.1 Warning and Alarm Code List

An (X) marked in Table 8.1 indicates that the warning or alarm has occurred.

No. Description Warning Alarm Trip lock Cause


The signal on terminal 53 or 54 is less than 50% of value
set in parameter 6-10 Terminal 53 Low Voltage,
2 Live zero error X X –
parameter 6-20 Terminal 54 Low Voltage, and
parameter 6-22 Terminal 54 Low Current.
No motor has been connected to the output of the
3 No motor X – –
frequency converter.
Missing phase on the supply side, or the voltage
4 Mains phase loss1) X X X
imbalance is too high. Check the supply voltage.
7 DC overvoltage1) X X – DC-link voltage exceeds limit.
DC-link voltage drops below the voltage warning low
8 DC undervoltage1) X X –
limit.
9 Inverter overloaded X X – More than 100% load for too long.
Motor is too hot due to more than 100% load for too
10 Motor ETR overtemperature X X –
8 8 Motor thermistor overtem-
long.
Thermistor or thermistor connection is disconnected, or
11 X X –
perature the motor is too hot.
Torque exceeds value set in either parameter 4-16 Torque
12 Torque limit X X – Limit Motor Mode or parameter 4-17 Torque Limit Generator
Mode.
Inverter peak current limit is exceeded. If this alarm
13 Overcurrent X X X occurs on power-up, check whether power cables are
mistakenly connected to the motor terminals.
14 Ground fault – X X Discharge from output phases to ground.
16 Short circuit – X X Short circuit in motor or on motor terminals.
17 Control word timeout X X – No communication to frequency converter.
Brake resistor is short-circuited, thus the brake function is
25 Brake resistor short-circuited – X X
disconnected.
The power transmitted to the brake resistor over the last
26 Brake overload X X – 120 s exceeds the limit. Possible corrections: Decrease
brake energy via lower speed or longer ramp time.
Brake IGBT/Brake chopper short- Brake transistor is short-circuited, thus the brake function
27 – X X
circuited is disconnected.
28 Brake check – X – Brake resistor is not connected/working.
30 U phase loss – X X Motor phase U is missing. Check the phase.
31 V phase loss – X X Motor phase V is missing. Check the phase.
32 W phase loss – X X Motor phase W is missing. Check the phase.
34 Fieldbus fault X X – PROFIBUS communication issues have occurred.
35 Option fault – X – Fieldbus detects internal faults.
This warning/alarm is only active if the supply voltage to
the frequency converter is less than the value set in
36 Mains failure X X – parameter 14-11 Mains Voltage at Mains Fault, and
parameter 14-10 Mains Failure is NOT set to [0] No
Function.
38 Internal fault – X X Contact the local Danfoss supplier.
Check the load connected to terminal 27 or remove
40 Overload T27 X – –
short-circuit connection.
46 Gate drive voltage fault – X X –
47 24 V supply low X X X 24 V DC may be overloaded.

44 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Maintenance, Diagnostics, a... Operating Guide

No. Description Warning Alarm Trip lock Cause


The motor speed is below the specified limit in
49 Speed limit – X –
parameter 1-87 Trip Speed Low [Hz].
50 AMA calibration failed – X – A calibration error has occurred.
51 AMA check Unom and Inom – X – Wrong setting for motor voltage and/or motor current.
52 AMA low Inom – X – Motor current is too low. Check the settings.
The power size of the motor is too large for the AMA to
53 AMA big motor – X –
operate.
The power size of the motor is too small for the AMA to
54 AMA small motor – X –
operate.
The parameter values of the motor are outside of the
55 AMA parameter range – X –
acceptable range. AMA does not run.
56 AMA interrupt – X – The AMA is interrupted.
57 AMA timeout – X – –
58 AMA internal – X – Contact Danfoss.
59 Current limit X X – Frequency converter overload.
60 External interlock – X – External interlock has been activated.
61 Encoder loss X X – –
The actual motor current has not exceeded the release
63 Mechanical brake low – X –
brake current within the start delay time window.

65 Control card temp X X X


The cutout temperature of the control card has exceeded
the upper limit.
8 8
A new option is detected or a mounted option is
67 Option change – X –
removed.
STO is activated. If STO is in manual restart mode
(default), to resume normal operation, apply 24 V DC to
terminals 37 and 38, and initiate a reset signal (via
68 Safe Torque Off2) X X – fieldbus, digital I/O, or [Reset]/[Off Reset] key). If STO is in
automatic restart mode, applying 24 V DC to terminals 37
and 38 automatically resumes the frequency converter to
normal operation.
The cutout temperature of the power card has exceeded
69 Power card temp X X X
the upper limit.
80 Drive initialized to default value – X – All parameter settings are initialized to default settings.
Occurs in IT mains when the frequency converter coasts,
and the DC voltage is higher than 830 V for 400 V units
87 Auto DC braking X – – and 425 V for 200 V units. The motor consumes energy
on the DC link. This function can be enabled/disabled in
parameter 0-07 Auto DC Braking.
88 Option detection – X X The option is removed successfully.
95 Broken belt X X – –
99 Locked rotor – X – Rotor is blocked.
120 Position control fault – X – –
126 Motor rotating – X – PM motor is rotating when execute AMA.
127 Back EMF too high X – – The back EMF of PM motor is too high before starting.
24 V DC supply is connected to only 1 of the 2 STO
terminals (37 and 38), or a failure in STO channels is
detected. Ensure that both terminals are powered by
188 STO internal fault2) – X –
24 V DC supply, and that the discrepancy between the
signals at the 2 terminals is less than 12 ms. If the fault
still occurs, contact the local Danfoss supplier.
nw Parameters can only be changed when the motor is
Not while running – – –
run stopped.

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 45


Maintenance, Diagnostics, a... VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

No. Description Warning Alarm Trip lock Cause


Occurs when using a wrong password for changing a
Err. A wrong password was entered – – –
password-protected parameter.

Table 8.1 Warnings and Alarms Code List


1) Mains distortions may cause these faults. Installing a Danfoss line filter may rectify this problem.
2) This alarm cannot be reset via parameter 14-20 Reset Mode automatically.

For diagnosis, read out the alarm words, warning words, and extended status words.

Alarm word Warning Warning Extended


Alarm word Alarm word 2 Extended
3 word word 2 status word
(parameter 1 (parameter 1 status word 2
Bit Hex Dec (parameter 1 (parameter 16 (parameter 16 (parameter 16
6-90 Alarm 6-91 Alarm (parameter 16-95 Ex
6-97 Alarm -92 Warning -93 Warning -94 Ext. Status
Word) Word 2) t. Status Word 2)
Word 3) Word) Word 2) Word)

000000 STO function


0 1 Brake check Reserved Reserved Reserved Ramping Off
01 fault
000000 Pwr. card Gate drive Pwr. card
8 8 1
02
2
temp voltage fault
MM alarm
temp
Reserved AMA tuning Hand/Auto

000000
2 4 Earth fault Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Start CW/CCW Profibus OFF1 active
04
000000 Ctrl. card Ctrl. card
3 8 Reserved Reserved Reserved Slowdown Profibus OFF2 active
08 temp temp
000000
4 16 Ctrl. word TO Reserved Reserved Ctrl. word TO Reserved Catchup Profibus OFF3 active
10
000000
5 32 Overcurrent Reserved Reserved Overcurrent Reserved Feedback high Reserved
20
000000
6 64 Torque limit Reserved Reserved Torque limit Reserved Feedback low Reserved
40
000000 Motor Th. Motor Th. Output
7 128 Reserved Reserved Reserved Control ready
80 over over current high
000001 Motor ETR Motor ETR Output Frequency converter
8 256 Broken belt Reserved Broken belt
00 over over current low ready
000002 Inverter Inverter Output freq.
9 512 Reserved Reserved Reserved Quick stop
00 overld. overld. high
000004 Output freq.
10 1024 DC undervolt. Start failed Reserved DC undervolt. Reserved DC brake
00 low
000008 Brake check
11 2048 DC overvolt. Speed limit Reserved DC overvolt. Reserved Stop
00 OK
000010 External
12 4096 Short circuit Reserved Reserved Reserved Braking max Reserved
00 interlock
000020 Freeze output
13 8192 Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Braking
00 request
000040 Mains ph.
14 16384 Reserved Reserved Mains ph. loss Reserved Reserved Freeze output
00 loss
000080 Auto DC
15 32768 AMA not OK Reserved Reserved No motor OVC active Jog request
00 braking
000100 Live zero
16 65536 Reserved Reserved Live zero error Reserved AC brake Jog
00 error
000200
17 131072 Internal fault Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Start request
00

46 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Maintenance, Diagnostics, a... Operating Guide

Alarm word Warning Warning Extended


Alarm word Alarm word 2 Extended
3 word word 2 status word
(parameter 1 (parameter 1 status word 2
Bit Hex Dec (parameter 1 (parameter 16 (parameter 16 (parameter 16
6-90 Alarm 6-91 Alarm (parameter 16-95 Ex
6-97 Alarm -92 Warning -93 Warning -94 Ext. Status
Word) Word 2) t. Status Word 2)
Word 3) Word) Word 2) Word)

000400 Brake Brake resistor


18 262144 Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Start
00 overload power limit
000800 Reference
19 524288 U phase loss Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved
00 high
001000 Option
20 1048576 V phase loss Reserved Reserved Overload T27 Reference low Start delay
00 detection
002000
21 2097152 W phase loss Option fault Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Sleep
00
004000 Memory
22 4194304 Fieldbus fault Locked rotor Reserved Fieldbus fault Reserved Sleep boost
00 module
008000 24 V supply Position ctrl. 24 V supply
23 8388608 Reserved Reserved Reserved Running
00 low fault low

24
010000
00
16777216 Mains failure Reserved Reserved Mains failure Reserved Reserved Bypass 8 8
020000
25 33554432 Reserved Current limit Reserved Current limit Reserved Reserved Reserved
00
040000
26 67108864 Brake resistor Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved External interlock
00
080000 13421772
27 Brake IGBT Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved
00 8
100000 26843545 Option
28 Reserved Reserved Encoder loss Reserved Reserved FlyStart active
00 6 change
Frequency
200000 53687091 Back EMF too Heat sink clean
29 converter Encoder loss Reserved Reserved Reserved
00 2 high warning
initialized
400000 10737418 Safe Torque Safe Torque
30 Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved
00 24 Off Off
800000 21474836 Mech. brake
31 Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Database busy Reserved
00 48 low

Table 8.2 Description of Alarm Word, Warning Word, and Extended Status Word

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 47


Maintenance, Diagnostics, a... VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

8.5 Troubleshooting
Symptom Possible cause Test Solution
Press [Auto On] or [Hand On]
LCP stop Check if [Off] has been pressed. (depending on operating mode) to
run the motor.
Check parameter 5-10 Terminal 18
Apply a valid start signal to start the
Missing start signal (standby) Digital Input of correct setting for
motor.
terminal 18 (use default setting).
Check parameter 5-12 Terminal 27 Apply 24 V on terminal 27 or
Motor coast signal active (coasting) Digital Input for correct setting of program this terminal to [0] No
Motor not running terminal 27 (use default setting). operation.
Check the following:
• The reference signal is local,
remote, or bus reference? Program correct settings. Set preset
reference active in parameter group
Wrong reference signal source
• Preset reference is active?
3-1* References. Check for correct
• Terminal connection is correct? wiring. Check scaling of terminals.
• The scaling of terminals is correct? Check reference signal.

• The reference signal is available?

8 8 Motor rotation limit


Check that parameter 4-10 Motor
Speed Direction is programmed Program correct settings.
correctly.
Motor is running in Check if a reversing command is
the wrong direction Active reversing signal programmed for the terminal in Deactivate reversing signal.
parameter group 5-1* Digital inputs.
Change parameter 1-06 Clockwise
Wrong motor phase connection
Direction.
Check output limits in
parameter 4-14 Motor Speed High Limit
Frequency limits are set incorrectly Program correct limits.
Motor is not [Hz] and parameter 4-19 Max Output
reaching maximum Frequency.
speed Check reference input signal scaling in
Reference input signal not scaled
parameter group 6-** Analog I/O mode Program correct settings.
correctly
and parameter group 3-1* References.
Check the settings of all motor
Motor speed is parameters, including all motor Check settings in parameter group 6-
Possible incorrect parameter settings
unstable compensation settings. For closed- ** Analog I/O mode.
loop operation, check PID settings.
Check motor settings in parameter
Check for incorrect motor settings in groups 1-2* Motor data, 1-3* Adv
Motor runs roughly Possible overmagnetization
all motor parameters. motor data, and 1-5* Load indep.
setting.
Possible incorrect settings in the
Motor does not Check brake parameters. Check ramp Check parameter group 2-0* DC brake
brake parameters. Possible too short
brake time settings. and 3-0* Reference limits.
ramp-down times.

48 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Maintenance, Diagnostics, a... Operating Guide

Symptom Possible cause Test Solution


Motor or panel has a short phase-to-
Phase-to-phase short phase. Check motor and panel phase Eliminate any shorts detected.
for shorts.
Perform the start-up test and verify
that motor current is within specifi-
Open power fuses
cations. If motor current is exceeding
or circuit breaker Motor is overloaded for the
Motor overload nameplate full load current, the
trip application.
motor may run only with reduced
load. Review the specifications for the
application.
Perform pre-start-up check for loose
Loose connections Tighten loose connections.
connections.
Problem with mains power (see Rotate input power leads into the If the imbalanced leg follows the
alarm 4, Mains phase loss frequency converter 1 position: A to B, wire, it is a power problem. Check
Mains current
description) B to C, C to A. mains supply.
imbalance greater
Rotate input power leads into the If the imbalanced leg stays on same
than 3% Problem with the frequency
frequency converter 1 position: A to B, input terminal, it is a problem with
converter unit
B to C, C to A. the unit. Contact the supplier.
If the imbalanced leg follows the
Rotate output motor leads 1 position: wire, the problem is in the motor or
Motor current
Problem with motor or motor wiring
U to V, V to W, W to U. motor wiring. Check motor and 8 8
imbalance greater motor wiring.
than 3% If the imbalanced leg stays on same
Problem with the frequency Rotate output motor leads 1 position:
output terminal, it is a problem with
converter unit U to V, V to W, W to U.
the unit. Contact the supplier.

Bypass critical frequencies by using


Acoustic noise or
parameters in parameter group 4-6*
vibration (for
Speed Bypass.
example a fan blade Resonances, for example, in the Check if noise and/or vibration have
Turn off overmodulation in
is making noise or motor/fan system been reduced to an acceptable limit.
parameter 14-03 Overmodulation.
vibrations at certain
Increase resonance damping in
frequencies)
parameter 1-64 Resonance Dampening.

Table 8.3 Troubleshooting

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 49


Specifications VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

9 Specifications

9.1 Electrical Data


PK37 PK55 PK75 P1K1 P1K5 P2K2 P3K0
Frequency converter
0.37 0.55 0.75 1.1 1.5 2.2 3.0
typical shaft output [kW (hp)]
(0.5) (0.74) (1.0) (1.5) (2.0) (3.0) (4.0)
Enclosure protection rating IP20 K1 K1 K1 K1 K1 K1 K2
Output current
Shaft output [kW] 0.37 0.55 0.75 1.1 1.5 2.2 3
Continuous (3x380–440 V) [A] 1.2 1.7 2.2 3 3.7 5.3 7.2
Continuous (3x441–480 V) [A] 1.1 1.6 2.1 2.8 3.4 4.8 6.3
Intermittent (60 s overload) [A] 1.9 2.7 3.5 4.8 5.9 8.5 11.5
Continuous kVA (400 V AC) [kVA] 0.9 1.2 1.5 2.1 2.6 3.7 5.0
Continuous kVA (480 V AC) [kVA] 0.9 1.3 1.7 2.5 2.8 4.0 5.2
Maximum input current
Continuous (3x380–440 V) [A] 1.2 1.6 2.1 2.6 3.5 4.7 6.3
Continuous (3x441–480 V) [A] 1.0 1.2 1.8 2.0 2.9 3.9 4.3
Intermittent (60 s overload) [A] 1.9 2.6 3.4 4.2 5.6 7.5 10.1
More specifications
Maximum cable cross-section (mains, motor,
4 (12)

9 9
brake, and load sharing) [mm2 (AWG)]
Estimated power loss at rated maximum load
20.9 25.2 30 40 52.9 74 94.8
[W]1)
Weight, enclosure protection rating IP20 [kg
2.3 (5.1) 2.3 (5.1) 2.3 (5.1) 2.3 (5.1) 2.3 (5.1) 2.5 (5.5) 3.6 (7.9)
(lb)]
Efficiency [%]2) 96.0 96.6 96.8 97.2 97.0 97.5 98.0

Table 9.1 Mains Supply 3x380–480 V AC

P4K0 P5K5 P7K5 P11K P15K P18K P22K


Frequency converter
4 5.5 7.5 11 15 18.5 22
typical shaft output [kW (hp)]
(5.4) (7.4) (10) (15) (20) (25) (30)
Enclosure protection rating IP20 K2 K2 K3 K4 K4 K5 K5
Output current
Shaft output 4 5.5 7.5 11 15 18.5 22
Continuous (3x380–440 V) [A] 9 12 15.5 23 31 37 42.5
Continuous (3x441–480 V) [A] 8.2 11 14 21 27 34 40
Intermittent (60 s overload) [A] 14.4 19.2 24.8 34.5 46.5 55.5 63.8
Continuous kVA (400 V AC) [kVA] 6.2 8.3 10.7 15.9 21.5 25.6 29.5
Continuous kVA (480 V AC) [kVA] 6.8 9.1 11.6 17.5 22.4 28.3 33.3
Maximum input current
Continuous (3x380–440 V) [A] 8.3 11.2 15.1 22.1 29.9 35.2 41.5
Continuous (3x441–480 V) [A] 6.8 9.4 12.6 18.4 24.7 29.3 34.6
Intermittent (60 s overload) [A] 13.3 17.9 24.2 33.2 44.9 52.8 62.3
More specifications
Maximum cable size (mains, motor, brake) [mm2
4 (12) 16 (6)
(AWG)]
Estimated power loss at rated maximum load
115.5 157.5 192.8 289.5 393.4 402.8 467.5
[W]1)
Weight enclosure protection rating IP20 [kg (lb)] 3.6 (7.9) 3.6 (7.9) 4.1 (9.0) 9.4 (20.7) 9.5 (20.9) 12.3 (27.1) 12.5 (27.6)
Efficiency [%]2) 98.0 97.8 97.7 98.0 98.1 98.0 98.0

Table 9.2 Mains Supply 3x380–480 V AC

50 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Specifications Operating Guide

PK37 PK55 PK75 P1K1 P1K5 P2K2 P3K7


Frequency converter
0.37 0.55 0.75 1.1 1.5 2.2 3.7
typical shaft output [kW (hp)]
(0.5) (0.74) (1.0) (1.5) (2.0) (3.0) (5.0)
Enclosure protection rating IP20 K1 K1 K1 K1 K1 K2 K3
Output current
Continuous (3x200–240 V) [A] 2.2 3.2 4.2 6 6.8 9.6 15.2
Intermittent (60 s overload) [A] 3.5 5.1 6.7 9.6 10.9 15.4 24.3
Continuous kVA (230 V AC) [kVA] 0.9 1.3 1.7 2.4 2.7 3.8 6.1
Maximum input current
Continuous (3x200–240 V) [A] 1.8 2.7 3.4 4.7 6.3 8.8 14.3
Intermittent (60 s overload) [A] 2.9 4.3 5.4 7.5 10.1 14.1 22.9
More specifications
Maximum cable size (mains, motor, brake) [mm2
4 (12)
(AWG)]
Estimated power loss at rated maximum load
29.4 38.5 51.1 60.7 76.1 96.1 147.5
[W]1)
Weight enclosure protection rating IP20 [kg
2.3 (5.1) 2.3 (5.1) 2.3 (5.1) 2.3 (5.1) 2.3 (5.1) 2.5 (5.5) 3.6 (7.9)
(lb)]
Efficiency [%]2) 96.4 96.6 96.3 96.6 96.5 96.7 96.7

Table 9.3 Mains Supply 3x200–240 V AC

PK37 PK55 PK75 P1K1 P1K5 P2K2


Frequency converter

9 9
0.37 0.55 0.75 1.1 1.5 2.2
typical shaft output [kW (hp)]
(0.5) (0.74) (1.0) (1.5) (2.0) (3.0)
Enclosure protection rating IP20 K1 K1 K1 K1 K1 K2
Output current
Continuous (1x200–240 V) [A] 2.2 3.2 4.2 6 6.8 9.6
Intermittent (60 s overload) [A] 3.5 5.1 6.7 9.6 10.9 15.4
Continuous kVA (230 V AC) [kVA] 0.9 1.3 1.7 2.4 2.7 3.8

Maximum input current

Continuous (1x200–240 V) [A] 2.9 4.4 5.5 7.7 10.4 14.4


Intermittent (60 s overload) [A] 4.6 7.0 8.8 12.3 16.6 23.0
More specifications
Maximum cable size (mains, motor, brake) [mm2
4 (12)
(AWG)]
Estimated power loss at rated maximum load [W]1) 37.7 46.2 56.2 76.8 97.5 121.6
Weight enclosure protection rating IP20 [kg (lb)] 2.3 (5.1) 2.3 (5.1) 2.3 (5.1) 2.3 (5.1) 2.3 (5.1) 2.5 (5.5)
Efficiency [%]2) 94.4 95.1 95.1 95.3 95.0 95.4

Table 9.4 Mains Supply 1x200–240 V AC


1) The typical power loss is at nominal load conditions and expected to be within ±15% (tolerance relates to variety in voltage and cable
conditions).
Values are based on a typical motor efficiency (IE2/IE3 border line). Motors with lower efficiency add to the power loss in the frequency converter,
and motors with high efficiency reduce power loss.
Applies to dimensioning of frequency converter cooling. If the switching frequency is higher than the default setting, the power losses sometimes
rise. LCP and typical control card power consumptions are included. Further options and customer load sometimes add up to 30 W to the losses
(though typically only 4 W extra for a fully loaded control card or fieldbus).
For power loss data according to EN 50598-2, refer to www.danfoss.com/vltenergyefficiency.
2) Measured using 50 m (164 ft) shielded motor cables at rated load and rated frequency. For energy efficiency class, see chapter 9.4 Ambient
Conditions. For part load losses, see www.danfoss.com/vltenergyefficiency.

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 51


Specifications VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

9.2 Mains Supply


Mains supply (L1/N, L2/L, L3)
Supply terminals (L1/N, L2/L, L3)
Supply voltage 380–480 V: -15% (-25%)1) to +10%
Supply voltage 200–240 V: -15% (-25%)1) to +10%
1) The frequency converter can run at -25% input voltage with reduced performance. The maximum output power of the
frequency converter is 75% if input voltage is -25%, and 85% if input voltage is -15%.
Full torque cannot be expected at mains voltage lower than 10% below the lowest rated supply voltage of the frequency
converter.
Supply frequency 50/60 Hz ±5%
Maximum imbalance temporary between mains phases 3.0% of rated supply voltage
True power factor (λ) ≥0.9 nominal at rated load
Displacement power factor (cos ϕ) Near unity (>0.98)
Switching on input supply (L1/N, L2/L, L3) (power-ups) ≤7.5 kW (10 hp) Maximum 2 times/minute
Switching on input supply (L1/N, L2/L, L3) (power-ups) 11–22 kW (15–30 hp) Maximum 1 time/minute

9.3 Motor Output and Motor Data


Motor output (U, V, W)
Output voltage 0–100% of supply voltage
Output frequency 0–500 Hz
Output frequency in VVC+ mode 0–200 Hz
9 9 Switching on output
Ramp time
Unlimited
0.01–3600 s

Torque characteristics
Starting torque (constant torque) Maximum 160% for 60 s1)
Overload torque (constant torque) Maximum 160% for 60 s1)
Starting current Maximum 200% for 1 s
Torque rise time in VVC+ mode (independent of fsw) Maximum 50 ms
1) Percentage relates to the nominal torque. It is 150% for 11–22 kW (15–30 hp) frequency converters.

9.4 Ambient Conditions


Ambient conditions
Enclosure protection rating, frequency converter IP20
Enclosure protection rating, conversion kit IP21/Type 1
Vibration test, all enclosure sizes 1.14 g
Relative humidity 5–95% (IEC 721-3-3; Class 3K3 (non-condensing) during operation)
Ambient temperature (at DPWM switching mode)
- with derating Maximum 55 °C (131 °F)1)2)3)
- at full constant output current Maximum 45 °C (113 °F)4)
Minimum ambient temperature during full-scale operation 0 °C (32 °F)
Minimum ambient temperature at reduced performance -10 °C (14 °F)
Temperature during storage/transport -25 to +65/70 °C (-13 to +149/158 °F)
Maximum altitude above sea level without derating 1000 m (3280 ft)
Maximum altitude above sea level with derating 3000 m (9243 ft)
EN 61800-3, EN 61000-3-2, EN 61000-3-3, EN 61000-3-11,
EMC standards, emission EN 61000-3-12, EN 61000-6-3/4, EN 55011, IEC 61800-3
EN 61800-3, EN 61000-6-1/2, EN 61000-4-2, EN 61000-4-3
EMC standards, immunity EN 61000-4-4, EN 61000-4-5, EN 61000-4-6, EN 61326-3-1
Energy efficiency class5) IE2
1) Refer to Special Conditions in the design guide for:

52 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Specifications Operating Guide

• Derating for high ambient temperature.


• Derating for high altitude.
2) For PROFIBUS, PROFINET, and EtherNet/IP variant of VLT® Midi Drive FC 280, to prevent control card overtemperature, avoid
full digital/analog I/O load at ambient temperature higher than 45 °C (113 °F).
3) Ambient temperature for K1S2 with derating is maximun 50 °C (122 °F).
4) Ambient temperature for K1S2 at full constant output current is maximun 40 °C (104 °F).
5) Determined according to EN 50598-2 at:
• Rated load.
• 90% rated frequency.
• Switching frequency factory setting.
• Switching pattern factory setting.
• Open type: Surrounding air temperature 45 °C (113 °F).
• Type 1 (NEMA kit): Ambient temperature 45 °C (113 °F).

9.5 Cable Specifications


Cable lengths and cross-sections1)
Maximum motor cable length, shielded 50 m (164 ft)
Maximum motor cable length, unshielded 75 m (246 ft)
Maximum cross-section of control terminals, flexible/rigid wire 2.5 mm2/14 AWG
Minimum cross-section of control terminals
Maximum STO input cable length, unshielded
0.55 mm2/30 AWG
20 m (66 ft)
9 9
1) For power cables, see Table 9.1, Table 9.2, Table 9.3 and Table 9.4.

9.6 Control Input/Output and Control Data


Digital inputs
Terminal number 18, 19, 271), 29, 32, 33
Logic PNP or NPN
Voltage level 0–24 V DC
Voltage level, logic 0 PNP <5 V DC
Voltage level, logic 1 PNP >10 V DC
Voltage level, logic 0 NPN >19 V DC
Voltage level, logic 1 NPN <14 V DC
Maximum voltage on input 28 V DC
Pulse frequency range 4–32 kHz
(Duty cycle) minimum pulse width 4.5 ms
Input resistance, Ri Approximately 4 kΩ
1) Terminal 27 can also be programmed as output.

STO inputs1)
Terminal number 37, 38
Voltage level 0–30 V DC
Voltage level, low <1.8 V DC
Voltage level, high >20 V DC
Maximum voltage on input 30 V DC
Minimum input current (each pin) 6 mA
1) Refer to chapter 6 Safe Torque Off (STO) for more details about STO inputs.

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 53


Specifications VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

Analog inputs
Number of analog inputs 2
Terminal number 531), 54
Modes Voltage or current
Mode select Software
Voltage level 0–10 V
Input resistance, Ri Approximately 10 kΩ
Maximum voltage -15 V to +20 V
Current level 0/4 to 20 mA (scaleable)
Input resistance, Ri Approximately 200 Ω
Maximum current 30 mA
Resolution for analog inputs 11 bit
Accuracy of analog inputs Maximum error 0.5% of full scale
Bandwidth 100 Hz
The analog inputs are galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and other high-voltage terminals.
1) Terminal 53 supports only voltage mode and can also be used as digital input.
PELV isolation
130BE837.10

37
Control Mains
38

High
voltage Motor
33

9 9
Functional
isolation

RS485 DC bus

Illustration 9.1 Galvanic Isolation

NOTICE
HIGH ALTITUDE
For installation at altitudes above 2000 m (6562 ft), contact Danfoss hotline regarding PELV.

Pulse inputs
Programmable pulse inputs 2
Terminal number pulse 29, 33
Maximum frequency at terminal 29, 33 32 kHz (push-pull driven)
Maximum frequency at terminal 29, 33 5 kHz (open collector)
Minimum frequency at terminal 29, 33 4 Hz
Voltage level See the section on digital input
Maximum voltage on input 28 V DC
Input resistance, Ri Approximately 4 kΩ
Pulse input accuracy Maximum error: 0.1% of full scale

Digital outputs
Programmable digital/pulse outputs 1
Terminal number 271)
Voltage level at digital/frequency output 0–24 V
Maximum output current (sink or source) 40 mA
Maximum load at frequency output 1 kΩ
Maximum capacitive load at frequency output 10 nF
Minimum output frequency at frequency output 4 Hz
Maximum output frequency at frequency output 32 kHz
Accuracy of frequency output Maximum error: 0.1% of full scale

54 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Specifications Operating Guide

Resolution of frequency output 10 bit


1) Terminal 27 can also be programmed as input.
The digital output is galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and other high-voltage terminals.

Analog outputs
Number of programmable analog outputs 1
Terminal number 42
Current range at analog output 0/4–20 mA
Maximum resistor load to common at analog output 500 Ω
Accuracy on analog output Maximum error: 0.8% of full scale
Resolution on analog output 10 bit
The analog output is galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and other high-voltage terminals.
Control card, 24 V DC output
Terminal number 12, 13
Maximum load 100 mA
The 24 V DC supply is galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV). However, the supply has the same potential as the
analog and digital inputs and outputs.

Control card, +10 V DC output


Terminal number 50
Output voltage 10.5 V ±0.5 V
Maximum load 15 mA
The 10 V DC supply is galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and other high-voltage terminals.
9 9
Control card, RS485 serial communication
Terminal number 68 (P,TX+, RX+), 69 (N,TX-, RX-)
Terminal number 61 Common for terminals 68 and 69
The RS485 serial communication circuit is galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV).
Control card, USB serial communication
USB standard 1.1 (full speed)
USB plug USB type B plug
Connection to PC is carried out via a standard host/device USB cable.
The USB connection is galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and other high-voltage terminals.
The USB ground connection is not galvanically isolated from protective earth. Use only an isolated laptop as PC connection to
the USB connector on the frequency converter.

Relay outputs
Programmable relay outputs 1
Relay 01 01–03 (NC), 01–02 (NO)
Maximum terminal load (AC-1)1) on 01–02 (NO) (resistive load) 250 V AC, 3 A
Maximum terminal load (AC-15)1) on 01–02 (NO) (inductive load @ cosφ 0.4) 250 V AC, 0.2 A
Maximum terminal load (DC-1)1) on 01–02 (NO) (resistive load) 30 V DC, 2 A
Maximum terminal load (DC-13)1) on 01–02 (NO) (inductive load) 24 V DC, 0.1 A
Maximum terminal load (AC-1)1) on 01–03 (NC) (resistive load) 250 V AC, 3 A
Maximum terminal load (AC-15)1)on 01–03 (NC) (inductive load @ cosφ 0.4) 250 V AC, 0.2 A
Maximum terminal load (DC-1)1) on 01–03 (NC) (resistive load) 30 V DC, 2 A
Minimum terminal load on 01–03 (NC), 01–02 (NO) 24 V DC 10 mA, 24 V AC 20 mA
1) IEC 60947 parts 4 and 5
The relay contacts are galvanically isolated from the rest of the circuit by reinforced isolation.

Control card performance


Scan interval 1 ms

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 55


Specifications VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

Control characteristics
Resolution of output frequency at 0–500 Hz ±0.003 Hz
System response time (terminals 18, 19, 27, 29, 32, and 33) ≤2 ms
Speed control range (open loop) 1:100 of synchronous speed
Speed accuracy (open loop) ±0.5% of nominal speed
Speed accuracy (closed loop) ±0.1% of nominal speed
All control characteristics are based on a 4-pole asynchronous motor.

9.7 Connection Tightening Torques


Make sure to use the right torques when tightening all electrical connections. Too low or too high torque sometimes causes
electrical connection problems. To ensure that correct torques are applied, use a torque wrench. Recommended slot
screwdriver type is SZS 0.6x3.5 mm.

Torque [Nm (in-lb)]


Enclosure
Power [kW (hp)] Mains Motor DC connection Brake Ground Control/relay
type
K1 0.37–2.2 (0.5–3.0) 0.8 (7.1) 0.8 (7.1) 0.8 (7.1) 0.8 (7.1) 1.6 (14.2) 0.5 (4.4)
K2 3.0–5.5 (4.0–7.5) 0.8 (7.1) 0.8 (7.1) 0.8 (7.1) 0.8 (7.1) 1.6 (14.2) 0.5 (4.4)
K3 7.5 (10) 0.8 (7.1) 0.8 (7.1) 0.8 (7.1) 0.8 (7.1) 1.6 (14.2) 0.5 (4.4)
K4 11–15 (15–20) 1.2 (10.6) 1.2 (10.6) 1.2 (10.6) 1.2 (10.6) 1.6 (14.2) 0.5 (4.4)
K5 18.5–22 (25–30) 1.2 (10.6) 1.2 (10.6) 1.2 (10.6) 1.2 (10.6) 1.6 (14.2) 0.5 (4.4)

9 9 Table 9.5 Tightening Torques

9.8 Fuses and Circuit Breakers CAUTION


Use fuses and/or circuit breakers on the supply side to PERSONAL INJURY AND EQUIPMENT DAMAGE
protect service personnel and equipment from injuries and RISK
damage if there is component breakdown inside the Malfunction or failing to follow the recommendations
frequency converter (first fault). may result in personal risk, and damage to the frequency
converter and other equipment.
Branch circuit protection
Protect all branch circuits in an installation (including
• Select fuses according to recommendations.
Possible damage can be limited to be inside the
switch gear and machines) against short circuit and frequency converter.
overcurrent according to national/international regulations.

NOTICE NOTICE
Integral solid-state short-circuit protection does not
EQUIPMENT DAMAGE
provide branch circuit protection. Provide branch circuit
Using fuses and/or circuit breakers is mandatory to
protection in accordance with the national and local
ensure compliance with IEC 60364 for CE. Failure to
rules and regulations.
follow the protection recommendations can result in
damage to the frequency converter.
Table 9.6 lists the recommended fuses and circuit breakers
that have been tested.
Danfoss recommends using the fuses and circuit breakers
in Table 9.6 to ensure compliance with UL 508C or IEC
61800-5-1. For non-UL applications, design circuit breakers
for protection in a circuit capable of delivering a maximum
of 50000 Arms (symmetrical), 240 V/400 V maximum. The
frequency converter short-circuit current rating (SCCR) is
suitable for use on a circuit capable of delivering not more
than 100000 Arms, 240 V/480 V maximum when protected
by T-Class fuses.

56 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Specifications Operating Guide

Non-UL circuit
UL fuse
Enclosure size Power [kW (hp)] Non-UL fuse breaker
(Bussmann, class T)
(Eaton)
0.37 (0.5)
0.55–0.75 gG-10 JJS-6
(0.74–1.0)
K1 PKZM0-16
1.1–1.5
JJS-10
(1.48–2.0) gG-20
2.2 (3.0) JJS-15
3-phase 380–480 V 3.0–5.5
K2 PKZM0-20
(4.0–7.5) gG-25 JJS-25
K3 7.5 (10) PKZM0-25
11–15
K4 gG-50 – JJS-50
(15–20)
18.5–22
K5 gG-80 – JJS-80
(25–30)
0.37 (0.5) gG-10 JJN-6
0.55 (0.74) JJN-10
K1 0.75 (1.0) PKZM0-16 JJN-15
gG-20
3-phase 200–240 V 1.1 (1.48)
JJN-20
1.5 (2.0)
K2 2.2 (3.0) PKZM0-20
gG-25 JJN-25
K3 3.7 (5.0) PKZM0-25
0.37 (0.5)
0.55 (0.74)
gG-10 JJN-6
JJN-10
9 9
K1 0.75 (1.0) PKZM0-16 JJN-15
Single-phase 200–240 V gG-20
1.1 (1.48)
JJN-20
1.5 (2.0)
K2 2.2 (3.0) gG-25 PKZM0-20 JJN-25

Table 9.6 Fuse and Circuit Breaker

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 57


Specifications VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

9.9 Enclosure Sizes, Power Ratings, and Dimensions


Enclosure size K1 K2 K3 K4 K5
Power size Single-phase 0.37 0.55 0.75 1.1 1.5 2.2 – – –
[kW] 200–240 V
3-phase 0.37 0.55 0.75 1.1 1.5 2.2 3.7 – –
200–240 V
3-phase 0.37 0.55 0.75 1.1 1.5 2.2 3 4 5.5 7.5 11 15 18.5 22
380–480 V
FC 280 IP20
Height A 210 (8.3) 272.5 (10.7) 272.5 317.5 410 (16.1)
(10.7) (12.5)
Width B 75 (3.0) 90 (3.5) 115 (4.5) 133 (5.2) 150 (5.9)
Depth C 168 (6.6) 168 (6.6) 168 (6.6) 245 (9.6) 245 (9.6)
FC 280 with IP21 kit
Height A 395
Dimensions 338.5 (13.3) 395 (15.6) 425 (16.7) 520 (20.5)
(15.6)
[mm (in)]
Width B 100 (3.9) 115 (4.5) 130 (5.1) 153 (6.0) 170 (6.7)
Depth C 183 (7.2) 183 (7.2) 183 (7.2) 260 (10.2) 260 (10.2)
FC 280 with NEMA Type 1 kit
Height A 357
294 (11.6) 356 (14) 391 (15.4) 486 (19.1)
(14.1)
Width B 75 (3.0) 90 (3.5) 115 (4.5) 133 (5.2) 150 (5.9)

9 9 Weight [kg
Depth C 168 (6.6)
2.5 (5.5)
168 (6.6)
3.6 (7.9)
168 (6.6)
4.6
245 (9.6)
8.2 (18.1)
245 (9.6)
11.5 (25.4)
(lb)] (10.1)
Mounting a 198 (7.8) 260 (10.2) 260 297.5 390 (15.4)
holes [mm (10.2) (11.7)
(in)] b 60 (2.4) 70 (2.8) 90 (3.5) 105 (4.1) 120 (4.7)
c 5 (0.2) 6.4 (0.25) 6.5 8 (0.32) 7.8 (0.31)
(0.26)
d 9 (0.35) 11 (0.43) 11 (0.43) 12.4 (0.49) 12.6 (0.5)
e 4.5 (0.18) 5.5 (0.22) 5.5 6.8 (0.27) 7 (0.28)
(0.22)
f 7.3 (0.29) 8.1 (0.32) 9.2 11 (0.43) 11.2 (0.44)
(0.36)

Table 9.7 Enclosure Sizes, Power Ratings, and Dimensions

58 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Specifications Operating Guide

130BE844.10
B C

Illustration 9.2 Standard with Decoupling Plate


9 9

130BE846.10
B C

Illustration 9.3 Standard with IP21

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Specifications VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

130BE845.10
B C

A
9 9
Illustration 9.4 Standard with NEMA/Type 1

b
130BA648.12

B
C e

a
c
A

d
e
a

b
Illustration 9.5 Top and Bottom Mounting Holes

60 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Appendix Operating Guide

10 Appendix

10.1 Symbols, Abbreviations, and Conventions

°C Degrees celsius

°F Degrees fahrenheit
AC Alternating current
AEO Automatic energy optimization
AWG American wire gauge
AMA Automatic motor adaptation
DC Direct current
EMC Electromagnetic compatibility
ETR Electronic thermal relay
fM,N Nominal motor frequency
FC Frequency converter
IINV Rated inverter output current
ILIM Current limit
IM,N Nominal motor current
IVLT,MAX Maximum output current
IVLT,N Rated output current supplied by the frequency converter
IP Ingress protection
LCP Local control panel
MCT Motion control tool
ns
PM,N
Synchronous motor speed
Nominal motor power
10 10
PELV Protective extra low voltage
PCB Printed circuit board
PM Motor Permanent magnet motor
PWM Pulse width modulation
RPM Revolutions per minute
STO Safe Torque Off
TLIM Torque limit
UM,N Nominal motor voltage

Table 10.1 Symbols and Abbreviations

Conventions
• For illustrations, all dimensions are in [mm (in)].
• An asterisk (*) indicates the default setting of a parameter.
• Numbered lists indicate procedures.
• Bullet lists indicate other information.
• Italicized text indicates:
- Cross-reference.
- Link.
- Parameter name.

10.2 Parameter Menu Structure

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10 10
0-** Operation / Display 1-33 Stator Leakage Reactance (X1) 2-14 Brake voltage reduce 4-2* Limit Factors 5-90 Digital & Relay Bus Control

62
0-0* Basic Settings 1-35 Main Reactance (Xh) 2-16 AC Brake, Max current 4-20 Torque Limit Factor Source 5-93 Pulse Out 27 Bus Control
0-01 Language 1-37 d-axis Inductance (Ld) 2-17 Over-voltage Control 4-21 Speed Limit Factor Source 5-94 Pulse Out 27 Timeout Preset
0-03 Regional Settings 1-38 q-axis Inductance (Lq) 2-19 Over-voltage Gain 4-22 Break Away Boost 6-** Analog In/Out
Appendix

0-04 Operating State at Power-up 1-39 Motor Poles 2-2* Mechanical Brake 4-3* Motor Fb Monitor 6-0* Analog I/O Mode
0-06 GridType 1-4* Adv. Motor Data II 2-20 Release Brake Current 4-30 Motor Feedback Loss Function 6-00 Live Zero Timeout Time
0-07 Auto DC Braking 1-40 Back EMF at 1000 RPM 2-22 Activate Brake Speed [Hz] 4-31 Motor Feedback Speed Error 6-01 Live Zero Timeout Function
0-1* Set-up Operations 1-42 Motor Cable Length 2-23 Activate Brake Delay 4-32 Motor Feedback Loss Timeout 6-1* Analog Input 53
0-10 Active Set-up 1-43 Motor Cable Length Feet 3-** Reference / Ramps 4-4* Adj. Warnings 2 6-10 Terminal 53 Low Voltage
0-11 Programming Set-up 1-44 d-axis Inductance Sat. (LdSat) 3-0* Reference Limits 4-40 Warning Freq. Low 6-11 Terminal 53 High Voltage
0-12 Link Setups 1-45 q-axis Inductance Sat. (LqSat) 3-00 Reference Range 4-41 Warning Freq. High 6-14 Terminal 53 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
0-14 Readout: Edit Set-ups / Channel 1-46 Position Detection Gain 3-01 Reference/Feedback Unit 4-42 Adjustable Temperature Warning 6-15 Terminal 53 High Ref./Feedb. Value
0-16 Application Selection 1-48 Current at Min Inductance for d-axis 3-02 Minimum Reference 4-5* Adj. Warnings 6-16 Terminal 53 Filter Time Constant
0-2* LCP Display 1-49 Current at Min Inductance for q-axis 3-03 Maximum Reference 4-50 Warning Current Low 6-18 Terminal 53 Digital Input
0-20 Display Line 1.1 Small 1-5* Load Indep. Setting 3-04 Reference Function 4-51 Warning Current High 6-19 Terminal 53 mode
0-21 Display Line 1.2 Small 1-50 Motor Magnetisation at Zero Speed 3-1* References 4-54 Warning Reference Low 6-2* Analog Input 54
0-22 Display Line 1.3 Small 1-52 Min Speed Normal Magnetising [Hz] 3-10 Preset Reference 4-55 Warning Reference High 6-20 Terminal 54 Low Voltage
0-23 Display Line 2 Large 1-55 U/f Characteristic - U 3-11 Jog Speed [Hz] 4-56 Warning Feedback Low 6-21 Terminal 54 High Voltage
0-24 Display Line 3 Large 1-56 U/f Characteristic - F 3-12 Catch up/slow Down Value 4-57 Warning Feedback High 6-22 Terminal 54 Low Current
0-3* LCP Custom Readout 1-6* Load Depen. Setting 3-14 Preset Relative Reference 4-58 Missing Motor Phase Function 6-23 Terminal 54 High Current
0-30 Custom Readout Unit 1-60 Low Speed Load Compensation 3-15 Reference 1 Source 4-6* Speed Bypass 6-24 Terminal 54 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
0-31 Custom Readout Min Value 1-61 High Speed Load Compensation 3-16 Reference 2 Source 4-61 Bypass Speed From [Hz] 6-25 Terminal 54 High Ref./Feedb. Value
0-32 Custom Readout Max Value 1-62 Slip Compensation 3-17 Reference 3 Source 4-63 Bypass Speed To [Hz] 6-26 Terminal 54 Filter Time Constant
0-37 Display Text 1 1-63 Slip Compensation Time Constant 3-18 Relative Scaling Reference Resource 5-** Digital In/Out 6-29 Terminal 54 mode
0-38 Display Text 2 1-64 Resonance Dampening 3-4* Ramp 1 5-0* Digital I/O mode 6-9* Analog/Digital Output 42
0-39 Display Text 3 1-65 Resonance Dampening Time Constant 3-40 Ramp 1 Type 5-00 Digital Input Mode 6-90 Terminal 42 Mode
0-4* LCP Keypad 1-66 Min. Current at Low Speed 3-41 Ramp 1 Ramp Up Time 5-01 Terminal 27 Mode 6-91 Terminal 42 Analog Output
0-40 [Hand on] Key on LCP 1-7* Start Adjustments 3-42 Ramp 1 Ramp Down Time 5-1* Digital Inputs 6-92 Terminal 42 Digital Output
0-42 [Auto on] Key on LCP 1-70 PM Start Mode 3-5* Ramp 2 5-10 Terminal 18 Digital Input 6-93 Terminal 42 Output Min Scale
0-44 [Off/Reset] Key on LCP 1-71 Start Delay 3-50 Ramp 2 Type 5-11 Terminal 19 Digital Input 6-94 Terminal 42 Output Max Scale
0-5* Copy/Save 1-72 Start Function 3-51 Ramp 2 Ramp Up Time 5-12 Terminal 27 Digital Input 6-96 Terminal 42 Output Bus Control
0-50 LCP Copy 1-73 Flying Start 3-52 Ramp 2 Ramp Down Time 5-13 Terminal 29 Digital Input 6-98 Drive Type
VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

0-51 Set-up Copy 1-75 Start Speed [Hz] 3-6* Ramp 3 5-14 Terminal 32 Digital Input 7-** Controllers
0-6* Password 1-76 Start Current 3-60 Ramp 3 Type 5-15 Terminal 33 Digital Input 7-0* Speed PID Ctrl.
0-60 Main Menu Password 1-78 Compressor Start Max Speed [Hz] 3-61 Ramp 3 Ramp up Time 5-19 Terminal 37/38 Safe Torque Off 7-00 Speed PID Feedback Source
1-** Load and Motor 1-79 Compressor Start Max Time to Trip 3-62 Ramp 3 Ramp down Time 5-3* Digital Outputs 7-02 Speed PID Proportional Gain
1-0* General Settings 1-8* Stop Adjustments 3-7* Ramp 4 5-30 Terminal 27 Digital Output 7-03 Speed PID Integral Time

Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved.


1-00 Configuration Mode 1-80 Function at Stop 3-70 Ramp 4 Type 5-34 On Delay, Digital Output 7-04 Speed PID Differentiation Time
1-01 Motor Control Principle 1-82 Min Speed for Function at Stop [Hz] 3-71 Ramp 4 Ramp up Time 5-35 Off Delay, Digital Output 7-05 Speed PID Diff. Gain Limit
1-03 Torque Characteristics 1-83 Precise Stop Function 3-72 Ramp 4 Ramp Down Time 5-4* Relays 7-06 Speed PID Lowpass Filter Time
1-06 Clockwise Direction 1-84 Precise Stop Counter Value 3-8* Other Ramps 5-40 Function Relay 7-07 Speed PID Feedback Gear Ratio
1-08 Motor Control Bandwidth 1-85 Precise Stop Speed Compensation 3-80 Jog Ramp Time 5-41 On Delay, Relay 7-08 Speed PID Feed Forward Factor
1-1* Motor Selection Delay 3-81 Quick Stop Ramp Time 5-42 Off Delay, Relay 7-1* Torque PID Ctrl.
1-10 Motor Construction 1-88 AC Brake Gain 3-9* Digital Pot.Meter 5-5* Pulse Input 7-12 Torque PID Proportional Gain
1-14 Damping Gain 1-9* Motor Temperature 3-90 Step Size 5-50 Term. 29 Low Frequency 7-13 Torque PID Integration Time
1-15 Low Speed Filter Time Const. 1-90 Motor Thermal Protection 3-92 Power Restore 5-51 Term. 29 High Frequency 7-2* Process Ctrl. Feedb
1-16 High Speed Filter Time Const. 1-93 Thermistor Source 3-93 Maximum Limit 5-52 Term. 29 Low Ref./Feedb. Value 7-20 Process CL Feedback 1 Resource
1-17 Voltage filter time const. 2-** Brakes 3-94 Minimum Limit 5-53 Term. 29 High Ref./Feedb. Value 7-22 Process CL Feedback 2 Resource
1-2* Motor Data 2-0* DC-Brake 3-95 Ramp Delay 5-55 Term. 33 Low Frequency 7-3* Process PID Ctrl.
1-20 Motor Power 2-00 DC Hold/Motor Preheat Current 3-96 Maximum Limit Switch Reference 5-56 Term. 33 High Frequency 7-30 Process PID Normal/ Inverse Control
1-22 Motor Voltage 2-01 DC Brake Current 4-** Limits / Warnings 5-57 Term. 33 Low Ref./Feedb. Value 7-31 Process PID Anti Windup
1-23 Motor Frequency 2-02 DC Braking Time 4-1* Motor Limits 5-58 Term. 33 High Ref./Feedb. Value 7-32 Process PID Start Speed
1-24 Motor Current 2-04 DC Brake Cut In Speed 4-10 Motor Speed Direction 5-6* Pulse Output 7-33 Process PID Proportional Gain
1-25 Motor Nominal Speed 2-06 Parking Current 4-12 Motor Speed Low Limit [Hz] 5-60 Terminal 27 Pulse Output Variable 7-34 Process PID Integral Time
1-26 Motor Cont. Rated Torque 2-07 Parking Time 4-14 Motor Speed High Limit [Hz] 5-62 Pulse Output Max Freq 27 7-35 Process PID Differentiation Time
1-29 Automatic Motor Adaption (AMA) 2-1* Brake Energy Funct. 4-16 Torque Limit Motor Mode 5-7* 24V Encoder Input 7-36 Process PID Diff. Gain Limit
1-3* Adv. Motor Data I 2-10 Brake Function 4-17 Torque Limit Generator Mode 5-70 Term 32/33 Pulses Per Revolution 7-38 Process PID Feed Forward Factor
1-30 Stator Resistance (Rs) 2-11 Brake Resistor (ohm) 4-18 Current Limit 5-71 Term 32/33 Encoder Direction 7-39 On Reference Bandwidth
1-31 Rotor Resistance (Rr) 2-12 Brake Power Limit (kW) 4-19 Max Output Frequency 5-9* Bus Controlled

MG07A302
7-4* Adv. Process PID I 8-83 Slave Error Count 12-04 DHCP Server 13-40 Logic Rule Boolean 1 15-04 Over Temp's
7-40 Process PID I-part Reset 8-84 Slave Messages Sent 12-05 Lease Expires 13-41 Logic Rule Operator 1 15-05 Over Volt's
7-41 Process PID Output Neg. Clamp 8-85 Slave Timeout Errors 12-06 Name Servers 13-42 Logic Rule Boolean 2 15-06 Reset kWh Counter
7-42 Process PID Output Pos. Clamp 8-88 Reset FC port Diagnostics 12-07 Domain Name 13-43 Logic Rule Operator 2 15-07 Reset Running Hours Counter

MG07A302
Appendix

7-43 Process PID Gain Scale at Min. Ref. 8-9* Bus Feedback 12-08 Host Name 13-44 Logic Rule Boolean 3 15-3* Alarm Log
7-44 Process PID Gain Scale at Max. Ref. 8-90 Bus Jog 1 Speed 12-09 Physical Address 13-5* States 15-30 Alarm Log: Error Code
7-45 Process PID Feed Fwd Resource 8-91 Bus Jog 2 Speed 12-1* Ethernet Link Parameters 13-51 SL Controller Event 15-31 InternalFaultReason
7-46 Process PID Feed Fwd Normal/ Inv. 9-** PROFIdrive 12-10 Link Status 13-52 SL Controller Action 15-4* Drive Identification
Ctrl. 9-00 Setpoint 12-11 Link Duration 14-** Special Functions 15-40 FC Type
7-48 PCD Feed Forward 9-07 Actual Value 12-12 Auto Negotiation 14-0* Inverter Switching 15-41 Power Section
7-49 Process PID Output Normal/ Inv. Ctrl. 9-15 PCD Write Configuration 12-13 Link Speed 14-01 Switching Frequency 15-42 Voltage
7-5* Adv. Process PID II 9-16 PCD Read Configuration 12-14 Link Duplex 14-03 Overmodulation 15-43 Software Version
7-50 Process PID Extended PID 9-18 Node Address 12-18 Supervisor MAC 14-07 Dead Time Compensation Level 15-44 Ordered TypeCode
7-51 Process PID Feed Fwd Gain 9-19 Drive Unit System Number 12-19 Supervisor IP Addr. 14-08 Damping Gain Factor 15-45 Actual Typecode String
7-52 Process PID Feed Fwd Ramp up 9-22 Telegram Selection 12-2* Process Data 14-09 Dead Time Bias Current Level 15-46 Drive Ordering No
7-53 Process PID Feed Fwd Ramp down 9-23 Parameters for Signals 12-20 Control Instance 14-1* Mains On/Off 15-48 LCP Id No
7-56 Process PID Ref. Filter Time 9-27 Parameter Edit 12-21 Process Data Config Write 14-10 Mains Failure 15-49 SW ID Control Card
7-57 Process PID Fb. Filter Time 9-28 Process Control 12-22 Process Data Config Read 14-11 Mains Voltage at Mains Fault 15-50 SW ID Power Card
7-6* Feedback Conversion 9-44 Fault Message Counter 12-28 Store Data Values 14-12 Function at Mains Imbalance 15-51 Drive Serial Number
7-60 Feedback 1 Conversion 9-45 Fault Code 12-29 Store Always 14-15 Kin. Backup Trip Recovery Level 15-52 OEM Information
7-62 Feedback 2 Conversion 9-47 Fault Number 12-3* EtherNet/IP 14-2* Reset Functions 15-53 Power Card Serial Number
8-** Comm. and Options 9-52 Fault Situation Counter 12-30 Warning Parameter 14-20 Reset Mode 15-57 File Version
8-0* General Settings 9-53 Profibus Warning Word 12-31 Net Reference 14-21 Automatic Restart Time 15-59 Filename
8-01 Control Site 9-63 Actual Baud Rate 12-32 Net Control 14-22 Operation Mode 15-6* Option Ident
8-02 Control Source 9-64 Device Identification 12-33 CIP Revision 14-24 Trip Delay at Current Limit 15-60 Option Mounted
8-03 Control Timeout Time 9-65 Profile Number 12-34 CIP Product Code 14-25 Trip Delay at Torque Limit 15-61 Option SW Version
8-04 Control Timeout Function 9-67 Control Word 1 12-35 EDS Parameter 14-27 Action At Inverter Fault 15-70 Option in Slot A
8-07 Diagnosis Trigger 9-68 Status Word 1 12-37 COS Inhibit Timer 14-28 Production Settings 15-71 Slot A Option SW Version
8-1* Ctrl. Word Settings 9-70 Edit Set-up 12-38 COS Filter 14-29 Service Code 15-9* Parameter Info
Operating Guide

8-10 Control Word Profile 9-71 Profibus Save Data Values 12-8* Other Ethernet Services 14-3* Current Limit Ctrl. 15-92 Defined Parameters
8-14 Configurable Control Word CTW 9-72 ProfibusDriveReset 12-80 FTP Server 14-30 Current Lim Ctrl, Proportional Gain 15-97 Application Type
8-19 Product Code 9-75 DO Identification 12-81 HTTP Server 14-31 Current Lim Ctrl, Integration Time 15-98 Drive Identification
8-3* FC Port Settings 9-80 Defined Parameters (1) 12-82 SMTP Service 14-32 Current Lim Ctrl, Filter Time 15-99 Parameter Metadata
8-30 Protocol 9-81 Defined Parameters (2) 12-83 SNMP Agent 14-4* Energy Optimising 16-** Data Readouts
8-31 Address 9-82 Defined Parameters (3) 12-84 Address Conflict Detection 14-40 VT Level 16-0* General Status
8-32 Baud Rate 9-83 Defined Parameters (4) 12-89 Transparent Socket Channel Port 14-41 AEO Minimum Magnetisation 16-00 Control Word
8-33 Parity / Stop Bits 9-84 Defined Parameters (5) 12-9* Advanced Ethernet Services 14-44 d-axis current optimization for IPM 16-01 Reference [Unit]
8-35 Minimum Response Delay 9-85 Defined Parameters (6) 12-90 Cable Diagnostic 14-5* Environment 16-02 Reference [%]
8-36 Maximum Response Delay 9-90 Changed Parameters (1) 12-91 Auto Cross Over 14-50 RFI Filter 16-03 Status Word
8-37 Maximum Inter-char delay 9-91 Changed Parameters (2) 12-92 IGMP Snooping 14-51 DC-Link Voltage Compensation 16-05 Main Actual Value [%]

Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved.


8-4* FC MC protocol set 9-92 Changed Parameters (3) 12-93 Cable Error Length 14-52 Fan Control 16-09 Custom Readout
8-42 PCD Write Configuration 9-93 Changed Parameters (4) 12-94 Broadcast Storm Protection 14-55 Output Filter 16-1* Motor Status
8-43 PCD Read Configuration 9-94 Changed Parameters (5) 12-95 Broadcast Storm Filter 14-6* Auto Derate 16-10 Power [kW]
8-5* Digital/Bus 9-99 Profibus Revision Counter 12-96 Port Config 14-61 Function at Inverter Overload 16-11 Power [hp]
8-50 Coasting Select 10-** CAN Fieldbus 12-98 Interface Counters 14-63 Min Switch Frequency 16-12 Motor Voltage
8-51 Quick Stop Select 10-0* Common Settings 12-99 Media Counters 14-64 Dead Time Compensation Zero Current 16-13 Frequency
8-52 DC Brake Select 10-01 Baud Rate Select 13-** Smart Logic Level 16-14 Motor current
8-53 Start Select 10-02 Node ID 13-0* SLC Settings 14-65 Speed Derate Dead Time Compen- 16-15 Frequency [%]
8-54 Reversing Select 10-05 Readout Transmit Error Counter 13-00 SL Controller Mode sation 16-16 Torque [Nm]
8-55 Set-up Select 10-06 Readout Receive Error Counter 13-01 Start Event 14-8* Options 16-18 Motor Thermal
8-56 Preset Reference Select 10-3* Parameter Access 13-02 Stop Event 14-89 Option Detection 16-20 Motor Angle
8-57 Profidrive OFF2 Select 10-31 Store Data Values 13-03 Reset SLC 14-9* Fault Settings 16-22 Torque [%]
8-58 Profidrive OFF3 Select 10-33 Store Always 13-1* Comparators 14-90 Fault Level 16-3* Drive Status
8-7* Protocol SW Version 12-** Ethernet 13-10 Comparator Operand 15-** Drive Information 16-30 DC Link Voltage
8-79 Protocol Firmware version 12-0* IP Settings 13-11 Comparator Operator 15-0* Operating Data 16-33 Brake Energy /2 min
8-8* FC Port Diagnostics 12-00 IP Address Assignment 13-12 Comparator Value 15-00 Operating hours 16-34 Heatsink Temp.
8-80 Bus Message Count 12-01 IP Address 13-2* Timers 15-01 Running Hours 16-35 Inverter Thermal
8-81 Bus Error Count 12-02 Subnet Mask 13-20 SL Controller Timer 15-02 kWh Counter 16-36 Inv. Nom. Current
8-82 Slave Messages Rcvd 12-03 Default Gateway 13-4* Logic Rules 15-03 Power Up's 16-37 Inv. Max. Current

63
10 10
10 10
16-38 SL Controller State 21-24 Ext. 1 Dif. Gain Limit 34-26 PCD 6 Read For Application

64
16-39 Control Card Temp. 22-** Appl. Functions 34-27 PCD 7 Read For Application
16-5* Ref. & Feedb. 22-0* Miscellaneous 34-28 PCD 8 Read For Application
16-50 External Reference 22-02 Sleepmode CL Control Mode 34-29 PCD 9 Read For Application
Appendix

16-52 Feedback[Unit] 22-4* Sleep Mode 34-30 PCD 10 Read For Application
16-53 Digi Pot Reference 22-40 Minimum Run Time 34-5* Process Data
16-57 Feedback [RPM] 22-41 Minimum Sleep Time 34-50 Actual Position
16-6* Inputs & Outputs 22-43 Wake-Up Speed [Hz] 34-56 Track Error
16-60 Digital Input 22-44 Wake-Up Ref./FB Diff 37-** Application Settings
16-61 Terminal 53 Setting 22-45 Setpoint Boost 37-0* ApplicationMode
16-62 Analog input 53 22-46 Maximum Boost Time 37-00 Application Mode
16-63 Terminal 54 Setting 22-47 Sleep Speed [Hz] 37-1* Position Control
16-64 Analog input 54 22-48 Sleep Delay Time 37-01 Pos. Feedback Source
16-65 Analog output 42 [mA] 22-49 Wake-Up Delay Time 37-02 Pos. Target
16-66 Digital Output 22-6* Broken Belt Detection 37-03 Pos. Type
16-67 Pulse input 29[Hz] 22-60 Broken Belt Function 37-04 Pos. Velocity
16-68 Pulse Input 33 [Hz] 22-61 Broken Belt Torque 37-05 Pos. Ramp Up Time
16-69 Pulse Output 27 [Hz] 22-62 Broken Belt Delay 37-06 Pos. Ramp Down Time
16-71 Relay output 30-** Special Features 37-07 Pos. Auto Brake Ctrl
16-72 Counter A 30-2* Adv. Start Adjust 37-08 Pos. Hold Delay
16-73 Counter B 30-20 High Starting Torque Time [s] 37-09 Pos. Coast Delay
16-74 Prec. Stop Counter 30-21 High Starting Torque Current [%] 37-10 Pos. Brake Delay
16-8* Fieldbus & FC Port 30-22 Locked Rotor Protection 37-11 Pos. Brake Wear Limit
16-80 Fieldbus CTW 1 30-23 Locked Rotor Detection Time [s] 37-12 Pos. PID Anti Windup
16-82 Fieldbus REF 1 32-** Motion Control Basic Settings 37-13 Pos. PID Output Clamp
16-84 Comm. Option STW 32-11 User Unit Denominator 37-14 Pos. Ctrl. Source
16-85 FC Port CTW 1 32-12 User Unit Numerator 37-15 Pos. Direction Block
16-86 FC Port REF 1 32-67 Max. Tolerated Position Error 37-17 Pos. Ctrl Fault Behaviour
16-9* Diagnosis Readouts 32-80 Maximum Allowed Velocity 37-18 Pos. Ctrl Fault Reason
16-90 Alarm Word 32-81 Motion Ctrl Quick Stop Ramp 37-19 Pos. New Index
16-91 Alarm Word 2 33-** Motion Control Adv. Settings
16-92 Warning Word 33-00 Homing Mode
VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

16-93 Warning Word 2 33-01 Home Offset


16-94 Ext. Status Word 33-02 Home Ramp Time
16-95 Ext. Status Word 2 33-03 Homing Velocity
16-97 Alarm Word 3 33-04 Homing Behaviour
18-** Data Readouts 2 33-41 Negative Software Limit

Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved.


18-9* PID Readouts 33-42 Positive Software Limit
18-90 Process PID Error 33-43 Negative Software Limit Active
18-91 Process PID Output 33-44 Positive Software Limit Active
18-92 Process PID Clamped Output 33-47 Target Position Window
18-93 Process PID Gain Scaled Output 34-** Motion Control Data Readouts
21-** Ext. Closed Loop 34-0* PCD Write Par.
21-0* Ext. CL Autotuning 34-01 PCD 1 Write For Application
21-09 Extended PID Enable 34-02 PCD 2 Write For Application
21-1* Ext. CL 1 Ref./Fb. 34-03 PCD 3 Write For Application
21-11 Ext. 1 Minimum Reference 34-04 PCD 4 Write For Application
21-12 Ext. 1 Maximum Reference 34-05 PCD 5 Write For Application
21-13 Ext. 1 Reference Source 34-06 PCD 6 Write For Application
21-14 Ext. 1 Feedback Source 34-07 PCD 7 Write For Application
21-15 Ext. 1 Setpoint 34-08 PCD 8 Write For Application
21-17 Ext. 1 Reference [Unit] 34-09 PCD 9 Write For Application
21-18 Ext. 1 Feedback [Unit] 34-10 PCD 10 Write For Application
21-19 Ext. 1 Output [%] 34-2* PCD Read Par.
21-2* Ext. CL 1 PID 34-21 PCD 1 Read For Application
21-20 Ext. 1 Normal/Inverse Control 34-22 PCD 2 Read For Application
21-21 Ext. 1 Proportional Gain 34-23 PCD 3 Read For Application
21-22 Ext. 1 Integral Time 34-24 PCD 4 Read For Application
21-23 Ext. 1 Differentation Time 34-25 PCD 5 Read For Application

MG07A302
Index Operating Guide

Index Disconnect switch................................................................................ 22


Disposal instruction............................................................................... 6
A
Abbreviation........................................................................................... 61 E
AC input............................................................................................... 5, 17 EMC............................................................................................................ 52
AC mains............................................................................................. 5, 17 EMC-compliant installation.............................................................. 12
AC waveform............................................................................................ 5 Encoder rotation................................................................................... 32
Additional resource................................................................................ 4 Energy efficiency............................................................................ 50, 51
Alarm log................................................................................................. 28 Energy efficiency class........................................................................ 52
AMA with T27 connected.................................................................. 39 External command................................................................................. 5
Ambient condition............................................................................... 52 External controller.................................................................................. 4
Approval and certification................................................................... 5
Auto on.............................................................................................. 28, 33
F
Auxiliary equipment............................................................................ 21 Fault
log.......................................................................................................... 28
Feedback................................................................................................. 21
B
Floating delta......................................................................................... 17
Backplate................................................................................................. 10
Fuse.............................................................................................. 12, 21, 56
Branch circuit protection................................................................... 56
Burst transient....................................................................................... 13
G
Ground connection.............................................................................. 21
C
Ground wire............................................................................................ 12
Cable length........................................................................................... 53
Grounded delta..................................................................................... 17
Cable routing......................................................................................... 21
Grounding.......................................................................... 16, 17, 21, 22
Cable size................................................................................................. 16
Circuit breaker....................................................................................... 21
H
Clearance requirement....................................................................... 10
Hand on.................................................................................................... 28
Conduct................................................................................................... 21
High voltage...................................................................................... 7, 22
Control
Characteristic..................................................................................... 56
terminal........................................................................................ 28, 46 I
Wiring..................................................................................... 12, 19, 21 IEC 61800-3...................................................................................... 17, 52
Control card Initialization
+10 V DC output............................................................................... 55 Manual procedure........................................................................... 30
Performance...................................................................................... 55 Procedure............................................................................................ 30
RS485 serial communication....................................................... 55
USB serial communication............................................................ 55 Input
Current................................................................................................. 17
Convention............................................................................................. 61 power wiring...................................................................................... 21
Cooling..................................................................................................... 10 voltage................................................................................................. 22
Power.......................................................................... 5, 12, 17, 21, 22
Cooling clearance................................................................................. 21
Terminal........................................................................................ 17, 22
Cross-section.......................................................................................... 53
Inputs
Customer relay...................................................................................... 37 Analog input...................................................................................... 54
Digital input....................................................................................... 53
Pulse input.......................................................................................... 54
D
Installation.............................................................................................. 21
DC current.................................................................................................. 5
Installation environment................................................................... 10
Default setting....................................................................................... 29
Intended use............................................................................................. 4
Derating................................................................................................... 52
Interference isolation.......................................................................... 21
Digital input............................................................................................ 19
Isolated main.......................................................................................... 17
Discharge time......................................................................................... 7

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 65


Index VLT® Midi Drive FC 280

J P
Jumper...................................................................................................... 19 PELV.................................................................................................... 41, 55
Potential equalization......................................................................... 13
L Power connection................................................................................ 12
Leakage current................................................................................ 8, 12 Power factor....................................................................................... 5, 21
Lifting........................................................................................................ 10 Programming........................................................................... 19, 28, 29
Load sharing............................................................................................. 7
Local control........................................................................................... 28 Q
Qualified personnel................................................................................ 7
M Quick menu..................................................................................... 24, 28
Main menu....................................................................................... 26, 28
Mains R
Supply (L1/N, L2/L, L3)................................................................... 52
Recycling.................................................................................................... 6
Supply data........................................................................................ 50
Voltage................................................................................................. 28 Reference................................................................................................. 28
Maintenance.......................................................................................... 42 Relay output........................................................................................... 55
Mechanical brake control.................................................................. 19 Remote command.................................................................................. 4
Menu key.......................................................................................... 23, 28 Reset............................................................................................ 28, 30, 42
Menu structure...................................................................................... 28 RFI filter.................................................................................................... 17
Motor Run command....................................................................................... 33
Current............................................................................................ 5, 31
Data................................................................................................ 30, 32 S
cable.............................................................................................. 12, 16
current.................................................................................................. 28 Safety........................................................................................................... 8
output.................................................................................................. 52 Serial communication.................................................... 20, 28, 42, 55
power................................................................................................... 28
thermal protection............................................................................. 5 Service...................................................................................................... 42
Power.................................................................................................... 12 Set-up....................................................................................................... 33
Protection.............................................................................................. 4
Shielded cable....................................................................................... 21
Rotation............................................................................................... 32
Status...................................................................................................... 4 Shock......................................................................................................... 10
Mounting.......................................................................................... 10, 21 Side-by-side installation.................................................................... 10
SIL2............................................................................................................... 6
N SILCL of SIL2.............................................................................................. 6
Nameplate................................................................................................. 9 Specification........................................................................................... 21
Navigation key................................................................................ 23, 28 Speed reference............................................................................. 33, 39
Numeric display.................................................................................... 23 Standard and compliance for STO.................................................... 6
Start-up.................................................................................................... 30
O STO
Open loop............................................................................................... 56 Activation............................................................................................ 36
Automatic restart...................................................................... 36, 37
Operation key................................................................................. 23, 28
Commissioning test........................................................................ 36
Optional equipment............................................................................ 22 Deactivation....................................................................................... 36
Output current...................................................................................... 54 Maintenance...................................................................................... 37
Manual restart............................................................................ 36, 37
Output power wiring.......................................................................... 21 Technical data................................................................................... 38
Outputs Storage........................................................................................................ 9
Analog output................................................................................... 55
Digital output.................................................................................... 54 Supply voltage................................................................................ 22, 55

Overcurrent protection...................................................................... 12 Symbol...................................................................................................... 61


System feedback..................................................................................... 4

66 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. MG07A302


Index Operating Guide

T
Terminal tightening torque.............................................................. 56
Terminals
Control terminal........................................................................ 28, 46
Output terminal................................................................................ 22
Thermal protection................................................................................ 5
Thermistor............................................................................................... 41
Torque
characteristic..................................................................................... 52
Transient protection............................................................................... 5

U
Unintended start.............................................................................. 7, 42

V
Vibration.................................................................................................. 10
Voltage level........................................................................................... 53

W
Warning and alarm list........................................................................ 46
Wire size................................................................................................... 12

MG07A302 Danfoss A/S © 06/2016 All rights reserved. 67


Danfoss can accept no responsibility for possible errors in catalogues, brochures and other printed material. Danfoss reserves the right to alter its products without notice. This also applies to
products already on order provided that such alterations can be made without subsequential changes being necessary in specifications already agreed. All trademarks in this material are property
of the respective companies. Danfoss and the Danfoss logotype are trademarks of Danfoss A/S. All rights reserved.

Danfoss A/S
Ulsnaes 1
DK-6300 Graasten
vlt-drives.danfoss.com

132R0153 MG07A302 06/2016

*MG07A302*