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CL142 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES QUESTION BANK

UNIT 1 –INTRODUCTION

1. Define environment.
2. Define environmental science.
3. Explain the multi-disciplinary nature of environmental science.
4. Explain the components of Environment.
5. Draw a sketch of temperature profile of atmosphere.
6. Discuss the impacts of technology on environment.
7. Define environmental degradation. Explain its 3 factor model.
8. What do you mean by sustainable development? Enlist the steps to achieve it.

UNIT 2 – ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

1. Define pollution and enlist various types of pollution.


2. Define Air pollution.
3. Name the natural sources of air pollution.
4. Write the classification of sources of air pollutants.
5. Explain the classification of types of air pollutants.
6. Discuss the sources and effects of following air pollutants: Carbon Monoxide, Carbon
Dioxide, Sulphur Oxides, Nitrogen Oxides, Photochemical Oxidants and Particulate Air
Pollutants.
7. Define Water pollution.
8. Discuss about the sources of water pollution.
9. Explain the classification of water pollutants.
10. Describe the effects of following water pollutants in brief: Oxygen Demanding Wastes,
Toxic Compounds and Suspended Matter.
11. Write a short note on Eutrophication.
12. Define Noise.
13. Write the ambient noise standards for noise pollution.
14. Discuss various sources of noise pollution.
15. Explain the effects of noise pollution.
16. Write the steps to control noise pollution.
17. Explain the ill effects of fireworks.
18. Write a short note on: Acid Rain, Greenhouse Effect & Global Warming and Ozone
Depletion.

UNIT 3 – ECOLOGY AND ECOSYSTEM

1. Define Ecology.
2. Write the objectives and scope of ecological study.
3. Explain the classification of ecology.
4. Define Ecosystem.
5. Write the characteristics of an ecosystem.
6. Draw the structure of ecosystem and explain it in brief.
7. Explain the energy flow in an ecosystem with a neat sketch.
8. What do you mean by Ecological Pyramids?
9. Explain the types of ecological pyramids with their advantages and disadvantages.
10. Define biogeochemical cycle.
11. Write a short note on the following with a neat sketch: Carbon Cycle, Nitrogen Cycle,
Sulphur Cycle and Phosphorous Cycle.
12. Define food chain and food web.
13. Explain the types of food chain.
14. Discuss the following types of Ecosystem: Forest Ecosystem, Desert Ecosystem and
Lake Ecosystem.

UNIT 4 – NATURAL RESOURCES

1. Define resource.
2. Write the classification of resources.
3. Write a short note on destruction versus conservation of natural resources.
4. Explain conventional energy sources with its advantages and disadvantages.
5. Explain non-conventional energy sources with its advantages and disadvantages.
6. Discuss in brief problems due to over exploitation of energy resources.