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Excelsior Community College

Course Name: Advanced Networking
Lecturer: Miss. Yulan Buchaban
Submitted by: Mark Green
Date: February, 2018
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3. How do routed protocols differ from routing protocols?

A routed protocol is a protocol by which data can be routed. Routing protocol are IP, AppleTalk,

and IPX. In this kind of protocols, we require an addressing scheme and subnetting. Addressing

scheme will be used to determine the network to which a host belongs and to identifying that

host on that network. All hosts on an internetwork are using the services of a routed protocol.

That means routers, servers, and workstations to. The only two routed protocols that are in use

today are IP and IPX but IPX is dropped from Cisco in exams and is not in use much these days.

If you are studying routed protocols the best advice is to focus on IP routed protocol.

A routing protocol is different and is only used between routers. It makes possible for routers to

build and maintain routing tables. There are three classes of routing protocols: 1. distance vector,

2. link state and 3. Hybrid

OSPF is one of two link state protocols, the other one is IS-IS. EIGRP is the only hybrid protocol

but in normal literature you will see that EIGRP is distance vector routing protocol.
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5 . What are the primary differences between distance-vector and link-state routing protocols

Distance vector routing is so named because it involves two factors: the distance, or metric, of a

destination, and the vector, or direction to take to get there. Routing information is only

exchanged between directly connected neighbors. This means a router knows from which

neighbor a route was learned, but it does not know where that neighbor learned the route; a

router can't see beyond its own neighbors. This aspect of distance vector routing is sometimes

referred to as "routing by rumor." Measures like split horizon and poison reverse are employed to

avoid routing loops.

Link-state routing, in contrast, requires that all routers know about the paths reachable by all

other routers in the network. Link-state information is flooded throughout the link-state domain

(an area in OSPF or IS-IS) to ensure all routers possess a synchronized copy of the area's link-

state database.
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6. When multiple routing protocols know how to reach a destination network, which route is


Routing is the process of selecting a path for traffic in a network, or between or across

multiple networks. Routing is performed for many types of networks, including circuit-switched

networks, such as the public switched telephone network (PSTN), computer networks, such as

the Internet.

How routers forward traffic through a network based on source and destination IP addresses

The source of route information used to populate a router’s routing table. These sources include

directly connected routes, statically configured routes, and dynamically learned routes.

A distinction was made between routed protocols for example, IP and routing protocols such as


Some routing sources are more trustworthy than other routing sources, based on their

administrative distances.

Different routing protocols use different metrics to select the best route in the presence of

multiple routes

Hence Administrative distance (AD) is an integer from 0 to 255 that rates the trustworthiness of

the source of the IP routing information. It is important only when a router learns about a

destination route from more than one source. The path with the lower AD is the one given

priority. In addition if a routing protocol has multiple paths within the same routing protocol to

the same destination, the metric is used as the tiebreaker. The route with the lowest metric is the

path taken.
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