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TRODUCTION OF AUTOCAD - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1-6

Parts of AutoCAD o o o o o . . . . . . 2

Launching of AutoCAD o o o . . . . . 5

Work spaces of AutoCAD o o . . . . . . 5

BASIC DRAWING COMMANDS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7-19

Line o o o o o o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7

Point Fixing Methods o o o o o o o o o o o o . . . . . . . . 8
Absolute Co-ordinate System . . . . . . 8
Relative Rectangular Co-ordinate System. 8
Relative Polar Co-ordinate System . . . . 9

Entering Co- ordinates by Using
AutoCAD Drawing Aid (Dynamic) Tools o 0 0 0 0

Exercise Related to Line 14

Circle o o o o o o o o
Center Radius . 15
Center Diam eter 15
3 Point. 16
2 Point. 16
Ttr . . 17
Ttt . . 17

• Exercise Related to Line & Cirlce o o o o o o o o . . . . . . . . 18


• How to Save Drawing in AutoCAD 19

• Erase • • • · · • • · · · · • · · 19

3 DIFFERENT SELECTION METHODS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20-24

• Window Selection · • · · • • · • · • • · • · •
. 20

• Crossing Window Selection . 21

• Implied Window Selection • · • · • •
. . 21

• The Undo Option · · · · 21

• Selecting All Objects •
. 21

• Fence Selection · • · •
. . . . . . 22

• WindowPolygon Selection . 22

• CrossingPolygon Selection 23

• Using aPrevious Selection · · • · 23

• Selecting the Last Object • •
. 23

• Adding and Removing Objects· . . 23

4 DRAFTING SETTING S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25-32
• Ortho Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

• Object Snap . . . . . . . . . . 26

• Polar Tracking · . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

• Object Snap Tracking· . . . . . . . . . . . 29

• Snap and Grid . . . . . . . . . . . 29

• Dynamic Input · . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

5 MODIFY COMMANDS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 33-51

• Offset · •
. . . . . . . . . . 33

• Trim •
. . . . . . . . . . •
. . . . . 35

• Extend . . 38

• Copy • •
. 39

• Move · · · · · · · · · · · . 42

• Rotate· · · · · · · · · · · · · · . 42

• Mirror · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · . . . 44


• Exercise Related to Modify Commands · · . 45
. 19

• Stretch · · · . . . . . . . 46
• • •

• Polygon · • · • · . 46
Z0-24 • Exercise· . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
. 20 • . le
Sca •
. 48

. 21 • Break · . 51

Join · · · · · · · · . . . . . . . . 51
• •

. 21 UTiliTIES & SOME PROPERTIES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 52-56
. 21 • Distance· · • • · · • · · 52
22 • Radius (Measure Geom) • · . 53

22 Angle (Measureme Geom) •
. 53

23 IDPoint • · · • · • • • · · · 54

Point · · · . 54
23 •

Point Style· · . 54
23 •

Donut . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
23 • •

Color · . . . . . . 55
List · • •
. 55
. 26
DRAWING SETUP & PROPERTIES- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 57-70
Units · . 57
. 28

Limits • • · . 60
Exercise· . 61
29 . . . . . . . . . . 63
Line Type ·
. 31 . 65
Line Type Scale
Line Weight . . . 66
3-51 • •

Properties · . . . . . . . . . . 68
33 • • •

MatchProperties . 68
. 35 •

. 38 FILLET & CHAMFER - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 71-79
. 39
CREATION OF CURVES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - "' - - 80-88
. 42 . 80
Arc • • •

. 42 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Ellispe • · • • • • • • • • ·



.....10 POLYLINES. .... .............. ...... 135 14 DIMENSIONS.. 89 • Polyline Edit · · · ...... ............ . ..... ...... 91 • Rectangle · · ..... .... ....137-190 • Linear Dimension · • · · · · · · • • · 138 • Aligned Dimension 140 • Angular Dimension 14 1 • Arc Length · · · · 14 1 HATRONYKS .... .... 96 11 HATCH . ..... .. ..101-115 • Hatch · · · · 10 1 • Hatch Edit · · 1 10 • Mirror Hatch · 111 • Boundary· 11 1 • Region · · 113 • Explode 113 • Exercise · 114 12 AR RAY ...... ..... . ......... . 133 ...... . ... ... 1 • Table · · · · · · · · · · · · 134 • Table Style · • · · · · · ....89-100 • Polyline • · · .. .......... .116-123 13 TEXT & TABLES.......... ....124-136 • Single Line Text· · 124 • Text Style · · · · · · 127 • Multiline Text 130 • Text Edit · · · 132 • Mirror Text · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 132 • Scale Text · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 132 1 • Spell · · · · .........

... 186 15 LAYERS ... .. . . . .. . . . . . 89 142 • Dimdiameter · 91 142 • Ordinate · .. . 13 ... . .. . . . . . • Dimradius . 96 143 • Jogged · . . . .191-203 16 SOM E OTHER COMMANDS REL ATED TO MODIFY. . 176 • Dimension Text Edit· . . .. .. . .. 184 • Align Leader . r1 • 150 • Quick Dimension . .. 4 155 • Dimension Update 175 3 • Dimension Edit • . .. 2 12 CAD DESK HATRONYKS . 4 179 • Multi Leader . .- . 209 • Revision Cloud · · . .. . .. 2 12 • Construction Line · · · .. .. . . .. . . 204 • Area · · · · · • • . 146 • Inspect· .. . .. .. .. ... 144 15 • Baseline . DRAW & UTILITIES PANELS . 148 • Adjust Space .. 183 -. . 13 15 1 • Tolerance . . . ) 184 • Remove Leader · . . . . . . 2 11 • Ray · · · · · · · . . .204-213 • Lengthen· · · · . .. . 185 • Multileader Style · . ..- .. 207 • Quick Calculator . . . . Add Leader · .. . .. . ... ... . .. 144 01 • Continue · 145 10 • Dimbreak· . 152 • Dimension Style· .. . . . .. .. . . . 6 178 • Dimension Override • .. . . . . . 11 . .

- . . .... 17 ADVANCE SELECTION METHODS • Quick Select • · • Filter · · · · · • • Selection Cycle · · 18 BLOCKS & ATTRIBUTE .....2! • Group • · · · · • Edit Commands · HATRONYKS • ..-. .......... .... - • Design Center • Create Block · • Insert Block· · • · · · • · · • • · • Block Editor · · • · · • Attribute • • · • Edit Attribute· • • • • • • Attribute Display · • Block Attribute Manager· · • Data Extraction · · • Divide · • Measure 19 GROUP & EDIT .. .......-... --.

John Walker. The AutoCAD 2007 e improved 3D • at provided better ::. esign program in the world. most other CAD programs ran on . employed . The software is developed and sold by ::_ . . with each CAD operator (user) working at a ::=.. =-e+ore it is possible to do quality renderings. CAD DESK HATRONYKS .=.-: supports both 2D and 3D formats.. amongst other 2013 -e modern AutoCAD _ _ _ a +ull set of basic solid and 3D tools.-=-. -e computers or minicomputers. AutoCAD 2010 introduced functionality and mesh modeling. The 2 =.. when working in 3D.=.. The mental ray _ -e as included in rendering :. project managers = �eers. oCAD is a software application for Computer-Aided Drafting(CAD). =- a. els.. Inc. the . -ccording to Autodesk information.. :ects. AutoCAD is 7 ::: s flagship product and by March 1986 had become the most ubiquitous micro­ T _:=.·218 214 215 !17 :ss 19 Introduction of AutoCAD 20 D .. utilizing functions such as "polylines" and "curve = _ ::> rior to the introduction of AutoCAD. ·erminal or workstation. first released in December 1982 by Autodesk in the year following the 6 =-=�of the first form of the software by Autodesk founder. became easier to 88x & 84x Autodesk _ . _ :.tware is now used in AutoCAD® == : : ·ndustries.

Advance Commands/ Productivity tools.. RESIDENTIAL PLAN ELEVATIONS (ARCHITECTURE &CIVIL DESIGN) CAD DESK HATRONYKS . C.In 2D we show only two dimension of an object like : LX B=Plan BXH =Elevations I sections 1... 2D means two dimensional objects . e PARTS OF AUTOCAD We divide AutoCAD in three parts according to working: A. and the third consecutive year for AutoCAD for Mac.x 2DUCS LXH=Elevations/ sections.. The latest AutoCAD releases are AutoCAD 2013 and AutoCAD 2013 for Mac. 2D B.. In 2D there is only 2 co-ordinates x.y because of these co-ordinates we show only 2 dimensions of an object. The release marked the 27th major release for the AutoCAD for Windows. 3D y (A) 2D(2Dimension) In this section we come to know how to draw 2D drawings in AutoCAD..

In this section you also · are with AutoCAD. owledge to add parameters to a simple drawing to create param etric an use these tools with 2D & 3D both sections of AutoCAD. Linking of differe nt earn how to create your own objects scale. plottin g of your design on differe nt drawings..TR&uc IDII (MECHANICAL DESIGN) (ELECTRICAL DESIGN) (ARCHITECTURE & CIVIL DESIGN) ance Commands (Prod uctivi ty Tools ) you g these commands you will create better designs more faster. HATRONYKS . In this section library in AutoCA D. TML&I'IO Dll Df.

There are three axis in 3D . Our physical environment is three-dimensional and we move around in 3D every day. z. (C) 30 (3 Dimension) ~ c 3D means three-dimensional.X z CAD DES K HATRONYKS • .e. something that has width. i. y J---+. height and depth (length).--y--+ .X . Y .

... ching AutoCAD is very easy. Just double click the AutoCAD shortcut or by start menu.-- � AutoCAO 2013- 0 Wiulows Meda Player 1� Mig"ate Custcm Settings � ·� Wi1dows Messenc)er Adobe Reader 9 � Windows r-mie Maker I� Mkrosolt Office � Realtek r£'1 License Transfer Ub1ity � Soun<W. .stly we discuss about workspaces of AutoCAD: a Drafting ft Annotation 3D Basics 3D Modeling AutoCAD Classic Lets see screen of different work spaces of AutoCAD: DRAFTING & ANNOTATION HATRONYKS . .. LAUNCHING OF AUTOCAD ). I....... � 0##0--..X ' Reference Manager " If) doPOF 7 fd Auto•:AD2013-EnJhsh • to Delaul WORK SPACES OF AUTOCAD .. ·..

AutoCAD Interface Elements 1. 6. we need to open the Annotate tab. Command line is also providing information what you should do next. I prefer to call it AutoCAD menu:) This is where you can access tools related to applications. When we need to insert blocks. we need to move to insert tab. This is where you can change it. In each tab have several panels : These panels have similar AutoCAD tools inside them. we need to change some drafting settings. Your AutoCAD drawing area or viewport : This is where you will drawing your AutoCAD objects. But when we need to add text and dimensions. we can use drawing tools and modify tools in home tab. 4. 8. Command Line : We can activate tools and change the tool settings by typing in command line. e AUTOCAD CLASSIC DOD CAD DESK HATRONYKS . 5. The AutoCAD logo : Click it once. AutoCAD Ribbon has several tabs : Each tab holds AutoCAD tools based on your drawing task. Drafting Settings : While we draw. For example. 3. such as saving files. AutoCAD Ribbon : This is where you can access AutoCAD tools and settings. AutoCAD will show you the AutoCAD menu : Some will say 'application menu'. 2. 7. since the application name is AutoCAD.

J key on the keyboard. We draw line segment in between two points. P2 D P1 CAD DESK HATRONYKS . To end this command. ss-hairs to the location of the second point _ will see a rubber band line which shows you where the line will be drawn when the =.J Cross hairs Specify first point: (pick P1) Specify next point(Undo): (pick P2) Specify next point(Undo): (pick P3) Specify next point(Close/Undo): . L . Line objects have two ends (the first point and the last point). Each line segment drawn is a separate object and can be ved or erased as required. You 2 continue picking points and AutoCAD will draw a straight line between each picked · t and the previous point. 1 Basic Drawing Commands ) s Command: Line Alias : L is Home Tab---7 Draw Panel---7 Line Use: To draw line to create objects. When # pick the first point and move the P1 .J (to P2 Rubber band line With the Line command you can draw a _ -:::>le line from one point to another. just hit the . ond point is picked.

4 . . ·-1--- I FIG. } -. y..2 I . . . -.--.J Specify next point(Undo): 7. [ 'ii'Ci1l2ii~e iaiiif --T.L:_ P3 -. ·. 1--- .2 . (b) Relative Rectangular Co-ordinate System. -.1. 1-- ·1 ~~ -r-.. You can also draw lines by entering the co-ordinates of their end points at the command prompt rather than picking their position from the screen.___... rr-_ II .-..2 or C . (B) Relative Rectangular Co-ordinate System Entering relative coordinates is entering another point as referenced to another point as it can be understood from its name.f. we drew the rectangle(5X2) by line(fig:1).:::::: 2. Format of entries in relative rectangular co-ordinate system: CAD DES K HATRONYKS • . 2. 1._ r-. ·. Absolute Co-ordinate System. . 7..~ -~ . . + i. - . 1..r-.c-.J Specify next point(Close/Undo): 2.J Specify ne?<t point(Close/Undo): 2... .1. -· -.r-. . -. . -. You can also draw lines using something called direct distance entry or point fixing methods.J In the example given above. (d) Pick Point Method. . ·. 1. 1-.1.2 . . e POINT FIXING METHODS IN AUTOCAD (a) .. .J Specify first point: 2. .r-- -. ~ (A) Absolute Co-ordinate System L.1- I~ p· - . ·~ ·. ·- >< . . f. . We gave the point information that is asked by AutoCAD by entering real coordinates in form of x. I -.c-. - p If [_mo. 7... .- tc / F1 1 2_ .. (c) Relative Polar Co-ordinate System. . . .__ 1. -.. .J.J.J Specify next point(Undo): 7. . .4 .·- L - .-+. I-· 1. . -r.-. •· ..

2 � Specify next point(Close/Undo): @-5.-2 �or C � (C) Relative Polar Co-ordinate System Another co-ordinate system that you can use to enter points is POLAR coordinates system. y distance. 2 L� Specify first point: 2.0 � Specify next point(Close/Undo): @0.e @x distance. It fs a coordinate that is reached by a distance and an angle from a certain origin point. [1[Tq]�r � 1' .2 �or mouse click. Specify next point(Undo): @5. v Now we create same example by relative rectangular co-ordinate system. We know that angles increase in counter clockwise direction. goo HATRONYKS .0 � Specify next point(Undo): @0.r �� FIG.

JQ--t--+--+-+-+-HH-t-+-+-+-+--+ -t - 1 I -· )I 1-- -t--+-+-+1.t---r-- .2 . - -r - . .-+-1-.� . . Ii . -f 1--t-+-t--t. -·- 1-. Format of entries in relative polar co-ordinate system: ®distance<angle._+-1--t-+ t.--. �-- r._+-y �­ -.-i-1--- FIG. 1._+-+-�· ---1 -+-+-l-. 1-.J Specify first point: 2. • +-+-t----+-+-l---t-. Now we create same example by relative polar co-ordinate system.J Specify next point(Undo): @2<90 .k -- ·-.+� -- if - t- .!- ._+-+-+---- t--t-.D? 0 � .-2 I .-l- t j--I L ._L 7�� ·l rot - @0. 1-._+-+-t----+-+-l---t-.J If you want to draw an equilateral triangle by polar co-ordinate system the entries are: HATRONYKS .. Specify next point(Undo): @5< 0 .J or C .--+--1---l 1-- - T 1�-+-+-l-.-1--1--!---+-l-+-+-Hf- Ii - 1 .· .� --- P12t-l- I I :: t( @ 5 ::- ::+ --l J._.2 --t--t-+-+-+.-t--t-.. - +-+--t--t-+-t- -J- - - +- .---.-r. - 1- Il t -.J Specify next point(Close/Undo): @5<180 . 3 L.J or mouse click. -. ._� ---1 r --.J Specify next point(Close/Undo): @2<270 .

1--1.. 1-1..J ltries CAD DESK HATRONYKS . rr-r- ~0 OQ. 1 -.•• }t II 1 - -I. 1. . :::>ecify next point( Undo): ®1 0< 0 . _ If -1-. ~ 2 :r I f-FF ~-- I -r @t< . p. • I 1-1. 1-. r. I+r. 1-1- 1. J\ - 1 . \ I I i .+- ..+ f. 1-IJ . t. 1-- t r-- -1 -=-+ -H-. 1- w +•+t . H I i 1- 1. 1\ . 1. - 8~1 1-f- --. -~ - 1- 1- 1-l::: l I -. i .-~ l- -r 1 I I ·I.·J·r • . .. 4 ~. 1- 1. -r. H-r=r=~ J 1 / r~ tf r- 1.t .J or C .-t-1 t -t g11 l - _I ' 1--~ @ FF t . ·.i +-I f-l.l =-·+. "- -I- --i IX ~--~~-.-+.J -:>ecify next point(Undo): @10<120 . 1-1-+- 1-1-1.. + . -. f-1- ~ -. -I. -+.J cify next point(Close/Undo): ®10<240 ..J or mouse click.i)€Cify first point: 2. - / !It--t-.2 . 1-1. -4 . • 7~~ -· + -·t-'-- +' • • -+ t. --h -1- '--_j FIG.

This is called dynamic coordinate entry in AutoCAD. th n you lock th cur or on 45 d r s. entering coordinates by using mouse cursor has been improved. but distance is dynamic: 2001 FIG. Now. then you cannot enter and exact coordinate. then you will see that your cursor is locked on that angle. You c n nt r distance ith r by your hand or in by u in cur or. 5 As you move your cursor and approach to angles that are defined in POLAR settings. HATRONYKS . Since AutoCAD 2000. this has been improved even better. let's take a look the subject by giving some examples: Angle by cursor. it would be better if we could have entered the exact coordinate that we wanted just by using the mouse cursor. 6 Aft r l tina th first point to dr w lin . if you writ <45 nd pr ss ENTER. then we can move as much as we want that along the angle we are locked onto. And in final versions AutoCAD 2012 and 2013. Of course. Angle locked. Entering coordinates by using AutoCAD drawing aid (dynamic) tools: If you select a point on the screen by using your mouse cursor. As the cursor fs locked. distance fs dynamic: 200 FIG.

but angle is dynamic: )t When we write 200<. ""':�ed to enter an angle value. ).j CAD DES R HATRONYKS . 7 .. then distance will be locked at 200 units and you will be 1e J . IS c I Specify next point or [i] I Fl6. Lock is broken at angles specified at POLAR settings. Distance locked.

0000 ---• 1 ---. Draw these diagrams by using above mentioned methoos o.< l-5.0000 ---..j 6.0000 4. 1 I I 2 0000 0 4.0000 I t T 2.0000 � � ---.6.0000 cO I 4.0000 2.0000 I 4.0000---l.0000 I 0 0 0 8. 6..1.5000-l (C) (D) (E) CAD DESK HATRONYKS .6.0000 ---+ 1 (A) (B) l . l Exercise 1 .0000-. Q. g: : j+-2.

ACEMENT• SOFTWARE• CONSULTANCV HATRONYKS . radius): Draws a circle with a specified radius tangent tu I two objects. • Command: Circle Alias : C . 2 Point: Draws a circle based on two endpoints of the diameter. T The different options available under the circle submenu are : 2. tangent. 9 � CAD DESK .J Specify center point for circle or (3P /2P /Ttr): mouse click or (any point fixing -�. 8 C. tan. FIG.J Center Diameter (Fig. Ttr (tangent. od) Specify radius of circle (Diameter):S .tan): Draws a circle tangent to three objects. I 3 Point: Draws a circle based on three points on the circumference.0000 + Center Radius (Fig.0000 Center Radius : Draws a circle based on a center point and a radius. 2. 9) + 50000 CP 4- FIG.J g: Home tab ---7 Draw Panel ---7 Circle I Use : To draw circle.til TRAININGo Pl. 8) I 1000 . T Ttt (tan. + Center di ameter: Draws a circle based on a center point and a diameter..

J Specify center point for circle or (3P /2P /Ttr): mouse click or (any point fixins method) Specify radius of circle (Diameter):D .J Specify center point for circle or (3P /2P /Ttr): 2P .J Specify center point for circle or (3P /2P /Ttr): 3P .J Specify first end point on circle's diameter: mouse click : e: Specify second end point on circle's diameter: mouse click CAD DESK HATRONYKS . 11) P1 P2 FIG.J (c) 3Point (Fig. 1 0) P2 P1 FIG. 10 (. (. 11 (.J Specify diameter of circle : 5 .J Specify first point on circle: mouse click or (any point fixing method) Specify second point on circle: mouse click or (any point fixing method) Specify third point on circle : mouse click or (any point fixing method) (d) 2 Point (Fig.

• point fixi- rTangent 2 FIG. CAD DESK HATRONYKS .J :.::_·ty point on object for first tangent of circle: mouse click -fy point on object for second tangent of circle: mouse click radius of circle <1. Tan FIG. 12 :. Tan. Diameter P1 02-Point 03-Point P3 Tan.:. 13 :~fy center point for circle or [3P /2P /Ttr (tan tan radius)]: _3p Specify first' .·rcle: _tan to :'Jedfy second point on circle: _tan to :::ledfy third point on circle: _tan to ese points are fix by any of point fixing method which you want. Radius P2 0 Center.J 0 Center.~=--fy center point for circle or (3P/2P/Ttr): T .0226>: 2 .

100 10 I 60 30 I 10t <j>10 30 60 40 j 10 (A) 110 35 60 1 15 70 (B) CAD DES K HATRONYKS • .

Use: To delete selected objects. Select objects: (by any selection method) Select objects: . Command: Erase Alias : E .J Home tab ---7 Modify Panel ---7 Erase. If you want to save existing file by another name then you select Save As option. 96 58 (C) How to save drawings in Autocad: Command: Save Alias : Ctrl+S Application Menu ---7 Save To save autocad drawing firstly draw object in drawing area & go to Application Menu & select Save then write name by which you want to save your file in "file name" & click on save button.J DOD HATRONYKS .

Once the window is defined. Window allows you to define a rectangle using two points. They are following: (a) Window Selection The Window option is invoked by typing Win response to the "Select objects" prompt.) CAD DESK HATRONYKS • .J First corner: (pick first corner) e Se Specify opposite corner: (pick second corner) Select objects: (at this point you can either select more objects or . all objects which lie entirely within the window will be selected. (THE WINDOW SELECTIO~ BOX IS SHOWN (ONLY OBJECTS ENTIRELY WITHIN AS A RECTANGLE WITH A SOLID LINE) THE WINDOW WILL BE SELECTED) Command Sequence: Command: (start one of the Modify commands such as ERASE) Select objects: W . ifferent Selection Methods There are some methods which are used to select objects.J to complete the selection set and continue with the current command.

e) Selecting All Objects e All option is invoked by typing ALL at the "Select objects" prompt.9 �tp (THE CROSSING SELECTION BOX IS SHOWN (OBJECTS WITHIN AND CROSSING AS A RECTANGLE WITH A BROKEN LINE) THE WINDOW WILL BE SELECTED) 1wing: c Implied Window Selection • ough you can explicitly invoke the Window and Crossing Window selection boxes by =--ering W or C at the keyboard when prompted to "Select objects". • b) Crossing Window Selection e Crossing Window option is invoked by typing C at the "Select objects" prompt and is a variation of the Window command. · ·� a little bit of practice the use of implied windowing can make the whole drawing -�ocess very efficient and you will rarely find yourself having to explicitly invoke the dow selection options from the keyboard. You can :est this out without using any command. If you pick a point in space on the graphic ection window and uses the pick point as the first point of that window. All you need to do is enter U at the next "Select . Fortunately AutoCAD allows you to undo the last selection made ::�ring the compilation of a selection set. you will notice that AutoCAD automatically assumes that you want to define a . If move the cursor the left you will get a Crossing Window selection box (broken line). _ . ely done. no picking is required. CAD DESK HATRONYKS . in practice this is >rompt.. When this occurs in the middle of a complicated selection it ::a be pretty annoying. � ethod of implied windowing so that you don't have to use the keyboard at all. Both of these selection options are so commonly used that AutoCAD provides efined.jects" prompt to remove the objects previously added. The Undo Option -often happens that you inadvertently add objects which you don't want to a selection se· during its compilation. If you move --e cursor to the right of the pick point you will get a Window selection box (solid line). You can use this 1plete : tion to select all the objects in the current drawing. Objects on _ocked or Frozen layers are not selected but objects on layers which are simply turned -�f are selected. 'ndow border. GJ:. The command sequence is exactly the same but jects are selected which lie entirely within the window and those which cross the .

invoked by typing WP is similar to the Window option exce� that you can define an irregular polygon shape within which objects will be selected.J to end feno selection) Select objects: (. (\' �) GQo Command: (start one of the Modify commands such as ERASE) Command Sequence: Select objects: F . 1 with the Window option.(f) Fence Selection The Fence option allows you to draw a multi-segment line.J First fence point: (pick first point) Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]: (pick second point) Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]: (pick another point or . The Fence option is invoked by typing F at the "Select objects" prompt. only objects which fall entirely within the polygon will t selected. like a Polyline. All objects which cross the fence will be selected. Command Sequence Command: (start one of the Modify commands) HATRONYKS .J to complete the selection set or add more objects) (g) Window Polygon Selection The Window Polygon option.

--e previous option is invoked by typing P at the "Select objects" prompt.. Just keep -: : ·ng until the object you want is highlighted.e. i. AutoCAD responds <::ycle off>". the required object is added to the selection set and you can continue to == ect more objects as normal. As you know. As Object Cycling : When drawings become complicated it is sometimes difficult to be := ect the particular object you want because it is either very close to or overlies another -:~ect. • Adding and Removing Objects --:oCAD provides two methods for adding and removing objects to and from a selection -=:. polygons and windows drawn using the selection options do not exist as drawing objects. This is very useful because 1ce :: . ) Crossing Polygon Selection -. AutoCAD will respond with "<Cycle on>". In order tore-select the last selection set you can use the Previous option. If you hold the Shift key down on the keyboard -=c CAD DESK HATRONYKS . If you make a pick whilst -: ing the Control (Ctrl) key down. If you :: ·nue to pick. then right-click or .g one of the methods outlined above. In such a case it may happen that the other object is selected and not the one you ~ t. may need to make a number of changes using different commands to the same group :<'objects..J to complete the selection set or add more objects) A polygon is formed by picking at least three points. objects l be selected if they fall entirely within or touch the polygon boundary. each object near the pick point is highlighted in rotation. Selecting the Last Object pt can select the last object created by entering L at the "Select objects" prompt. Using a Previous Selection --toCAD always remembers the last selection set you defined. Object cycling is designed to overcome this problem. •Ote : Lines.J ~cts First polygon point: (pick first point) the Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]: (pick second point) Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]: (pick third point) Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]: (pick another point or to end polygon :election) Select objects: (.e Crossing Polygon option can be used in exactly the same way as the Window Polygon :. objects can be added to a selection set simply by picking them or by _. This option is •oked by typing CP at the "Select objects" prompt. Once the selection has been made they disappear.)tion but it has the same selection criteria as the Crossing Window option.. You can remove selected objects from a ection set just as easily by shift picking. • Select objects: WP .

All Zoom options selected from the toolbars are automatically transparent but if you invoke the command from the keyboard you will need to enter 'zoom' or z. none of the other selection options which require keyboard input will work using the shift pick method. just hit to complete the selection process and to continue with the current command. Once you are happy that you have selected all the objects you need. while picking a selected object. If you need to remove a more complex selection from the current selection set you should use the Remove option to switch to Remove mode. However. use the ZOOM command transparently to make object selection easier. You can remove more than one object at a time by holding down the Shift key while using implied windowing. When you have finished removing objects. that object will be deselected (removed from the current selection set). DOD HATRONYKS • . Tips 8: Tricks: When you are picking objects in a complex drawing. you can return to Add mode by entering A at the "Remove objects" prompt. You can tell when a selected object has been deselected because it is no longer highlighted. You can use any combination of picking. selection options and add/remove modes to define your selection set. AutoCAD will respond: Remove Objects : Objects now picked or selected using any of the above methods will be removed from the current selection set. If you enter R at the "Select objects" prompt.

• )ffithe ecause 1olding lection ion set at the Drafting Settings above nished 1jects" modes bjects urrent .. Grids . " I'm sure they did this to free up some space in the Status . Polar tracking . These buttons are help you to draw horizontal ft vertical lines. they also allowed but if : amic entries etc. These are ZOOM _ :::oced in Status Bar.-oCAD has some drawing aids which can help you to draw different drawings. Line Weight. HATRONYKS .. enter JDO AutoCAD decided to turn the "Drafting Settings buttons" at the bottom of the -�een from words into "icons.. to Zoom different Snap Points. If you don't understand these icons *Right click any of these "icons" and uncheck "Use Icons" (as seen below) You should now see the icons displayed as words as seen below.:: .

(A) Ortho Mode : (ORTHO or F8)
Ortho is short for orthogonal, which means either vertical or horizontal. Like the other
options on the status bar, Ortho is not really a command, it is a drawing mode which can
either be turned on or off. Ortho mode can be toggled on or off in one of three ways. The
quickest way is just to click on the ORTHO button on the status bar. The appearance of
the button tells you whether Ortho is currently turned on or turned off. When Ortho is
turned on, the ORTHO button appears pressed in. Ortho can also be toggled on and off
using the F8 Function key.
Ortho mode is probably the simplest of all the drawing aids, and historically one
of the oldest. It is either on or it is off and there are no special settings to make. Also, it
does a very simple job; it constrains drawn lines to the horizontal or the vertical. You
may not be surprised to learn, therefore, that its use .has largely been superceded by
more recent features, particularly Polar Tracking, described below.



(B) Object Snap 0
Object snap is a tool that you can use to refer for a location from existing objects. For
example, a center point of an arc or circle. You can snap to a reference point after you
see the snap symbol on that point. Below is an example for midpoint snap.

Object snap is only working when AutoCAD is asking you for a point. You will not
see the object snap symbol when AutoCAD is not asking for point. ·

Object Snap Settings
There are many modes of object snap you can use. Activating all of the object snaps is
not a wise decision. You will find difficulties snapping to objects when you have complex
drawing. You need to decide which object snaps you commonly use. To activate or
deactivate object snaps, you can right click on object snap button, and choose the object


ike the other
de which can
ee ways. The
>pearance of
hen Ortho is
d on and off

:orically one
ake. Also, it
ertical. You
1erceded by

You can also click settings... to
open the settings dialog box.
:_ect snap (for all modes of sna You can turn off the
p) or you can check/uncheck
a single snap mode.

>jects. For b.
:after you 0

8 �-18Cb
9 ...

u will not

: snaps is You can press F3 to turn on/off
object snap.
:ivate or .. riding Snap Mode
e object
-_ ave decided which object sna
ps you mostly use. However,
snap mode eventually. And som you will need to use
etimes when the drawing becom
·u wis� only one snap mode e very crowded,
is active. No need to change the
object snap settings.



You can simply hold [shift], right click your mouse. AutoCAD will show you snap
override context menu. This will ignore your object snap settings temporarily, and use
only the snap mode you choose. Remember, you can only use object snap when AutoCAD
is asking you for a point!

(C) Polar Tracking
When you draw an object, and your pointer is about parallel to AutoCAD axis, what wil
happen? It's getting sticky and the angle show multiplication of 90 degrees. This is the
polar tracking. It will track your pointer when at certain angle and snap your pointer. Ym.
can type the relative distance without typing the angle. This is very useful when you neec
to draw parallel lines. Simply move your pointer, snapped to the axis and type the
desired distance.

Polor 502.4270 < 135°

By default, it will track your pointer when it's at 90 deg, 180 deg, 270 deg, anc
360 deg. We can change the incremental value by right clicking the polar tracking button
and choose incremental angle from the list.


Try to take a look in settings dialog for more control.


So I activate circle tool. Which tab you see first will depend on which icon you selected. and move your pointer to the right. You you need type the You can use more than one point as reference. and g button. Wait a while until AutoCAD recognize the point.. place my pointer above the corner point. and use 1 AutoCAD ' : ject snap tracking works with object snap. deg. Polar Tracking allows you to snap to specific angles and these are user definable. then this tool l not work. Now you have enough knowledge to start drawing with AutoCAD precisely. · In this example. • you snap J) Object Snap Tracking . If you turn object snap off. ap and Grid =-can launch this dialog by right-clicking on any icon in the Status Bar (except Ortho) : :selecting Settings.. The what will .'. The F10 key is used to switch polar tracking off and on. I want to define a circle center 400 units to the right of a =dangle corner. In this example. :_: ere we start with the "Snap and Grid" tab. This tool will help you to define a point from another point in an object. CAD DESK HATRONYKS . ·his is the nter. Type the distance and press [enter].amic input should say 'extension:. I use object snap ing to find a rectangle center. Or to find extended intersection from two lines.

bu if you try it you'll figure it out pretty quickly. In bottom of the box the Snap type area.. It's a little hard to describe. The first two are Grid snaps.5ooo I � Equal X andY spacing Grid spacing lo . There are three different Snap method_ you can use.5000 Display dotted grid in: Snap X spacing: 0 2D model space SnapY spacing: 0 Block editor 0 Sheet/layout jo.5000 I Polar spacing Grid X spacing: rud 01 lc' 15 :I oooo GridY spacing: Major line every: Snap type @Grid snap Grid behavior �Adaptive grid @Rectangular snap 0 Allow subdivision below grid 0 Isometric snap spacing � Display grid beyond Limits QPolarSnap 0 Follow Dynamic UCS Options.. the spacing for the inactive method is grayed out. r�1 Drafting Settings r:RJ I J 1I 1j Snap and Grid Polar Tracking Object Snap 3D Object Snap Dynamic Input 0 Snap On (F9) �Grid On (F7) jo.0. Since only one Snap type can be active at a time. creates snap intervals along whatever polar tracking angles you happen to be using. ( OK J[ Cancel )[ Help At the top are two checkboxes for activating Snap or Grid.5ooo Snap spacing ·Grid style . The third snap type. HATRONYKS . In this case.0. When setting Rectangular spacings. their associatec function keys (in this case F9 and Fl) are listed next to them in case you don't want tc open the box just t<. Rectangular and Isometric. Polar. and they work alan§ a grid system where the axis are either orthogonal (90 degrees) or isometric (combina­ tions of 30 and 60 degrees). Once you've selected a Snap type.> turn them on or off. that means that the Polar spacing is inactive. you can set your spacing.

• : . (b) F7 is a functional key to on I off grid. J =-can set your X and Y spacing (they can be the same or different). Grid behavior controls how the grid looks as you plan and zoom. or a line that is darker than th·e rest. Checking the secondary box. you only get to pick one = e only need one value. Dynamic Input -= ind of information shown in dynamic display is similar to that shown in the . _ (a) You can press F9 to turn on/off snap. even if you -. There are two areas on this tab dealing with Grid settings. but one Snap Jt.. vork along (combina­ vals along cribe.e a wide spacing set. since you can't see the one and you can't snap to the other. Choosing to display the grid beyond the limits means that it will . regardless of what the variable LIMITS is set to. You can also choose Grid settings on this tracking angles). the dots or lines will adjust themselves so 're not left with a completely cluttered screen. Under "Grid spacing".::. means that as you zoom in you get extra indicators. or you can uncheck the "equal" :: and use different values.ave more of a practical itself. Same goes for . and the intent of this feature is to keep your eyes on the screen . The Grid is just a visual indicator of _ :ances and spacing. In typical everyday 2D drafting it shows up as dots. but it give you a general idea. It's controlled by several settings that 1't want to access by right -clicking the Dynamic Input button on the status bar and selecting __ =-=--·ngs from the context menu.: . when computers were slower. In this spacings. but they're not as _ely used any more.. the grid becomes lines. EII CAD DESK -� TM � TRAlNtNG•PLACEMENT•SOFTWARE•CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS . ch as possible.. .::::otive grid means that as you zoom out. since the angle is controlled by another variable (the :::..e drawing area.and line. If you're using an Isometric snap. but if you =: SHADEMODE to Hidden. This opens the Drafting Settings dialog box with the p methods _ amic Input tab activated. Drawing limits used . and how often you to see a "major" line. The major line setting J -� applies when your SHADEMODE is set to Hidden..the other spacing is calculated based on the value you choose.. Checking this box lets you see the grid anywhere you want to . It's often used in conjunction with :-�::>.. it won't help you choose points more accurately. The specific information displayed depends. Turning on .. can choose to force the X and Y spaces to be equal. on what you're doing at the time._ ar.. to allow _ __ ivision of the grid. as it does on the associated . � and-line interface..

. Dynamic Prompts 0 Show command prompting and command input near the crosshairs 0 Show additional tips w�h command ptompting I Dralting Tooltip Appearance. By default the status bar shows co-ordinates using the Cartesian system.. Tips: The FS key cycles through the lsoplanes. left and right faces. CJ_� Settings. The different options describe the plane in which Ortho mode works. U Drafting Settings � 0 Enable Pointer Input �Enable Dimension Input where possible .. The illustration on the right shows a cube with isocircles drawn on the top.. Each isocircle was drawn using the corresponding isoplane. OK JI Cancel II Help This tab has four check boxes (two at the top.. and two near the middle on thE right) and three buttons to open three feature-specific Settings dialog boxes. CAD DESK HATRONYKS • ... It also affects the orientation of lsocircles drawn with the Ellipse command.. this only has an effect if "Isometric Snap/Grid" mode is on. Tip F12 is a functional key to on/off Dynamic Input. . Top and Right. You can use the F6 key to turn the co-ordinate readout off and to change to the polar system when you are in pick mode. Pointer Input Dimension Input I -!\l- 1 !' 1•1 Settings. I I Options. ••• .. The F6 key is a three way toggle which changes the co-ordinate reading in the status bar. The options are Left.

J Home tab � Modify Panel � Offset Use: To create concentric circles. AutoCAD drawings are rarely completed simply by drawing lines. Specify point on side to offset or - o� Current settings: Erase source=No Layer=Source OFFSETGAPTYPE=O Specify offset distance or [Through/Erase/Layer] <Through>: 3 . Rotate and Mirror. circles etc. With the help of these commands you are able to get best lle on the ""'gs without wasting time. • Modify Commands -. AutoCAD provides a whole range of modify tools such as e Copy.J DOD HATRONYKS .s chapter you get knowledge about some modify commands to do modifications in gs. Command: Offset Alias : 0 . __ . arcs.:e the image yqu need.kely you will need to modify these basic drawing objects in some way in order to :::=. parallel lines &parallel curves.

CAD DESK· -r. Layer : Determines whether offset objects are created on the current layer or 01 the layer of the source object.'·. Through �point Selection After offseting O .J Current settings: Erase source=No Layer=Source OFFSETGAPTYPE=O Specify offset distance or [Through/Erase/Layer] <Through>: T .J Specify through point or [Exit/Multiple/Undo] <Exit>: mouse click Specify through point or [Exit/Multiple/Undo] <Exit>: mouse click Specify through point or [Exit/Multiple/Undo] <Exit>: mouse click �rpse: Erases the source object after it is offset. � HATRONYKS .J Select o_bject to offset or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>: (by any selection method) Specify through point or [Exit/Multiple/Undo] <Exit>: M . Select object to offset or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>: Specify point on side to offset or [Exit/Multiple/Undo] <Exit>: mouse click Select object to offset or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>: Specify point on side to offset or [Exit/Multiple/Undo] <Exit>: mouse click Select object to offset or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>: Through: Creates an object passing through a specified point. which repeats the offset operatic using current offset distance.J Select object to offset or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>: (by any selection method) Specify through point or [Exit/Multiple/Undo] <Exit>: mouse click Select object to offset or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>:(by any selection method) Specify through point or [Exit/Multiple/Undo] <Exit>: mouse click Multiple: Enter the multiple offset mode. O .J Current settings: Erase source=No Layer=Source OFFSETGAPTYPE=O Sp�cify offset distance or [Through/Erase/Layer] <Through>: T .

The Fence option is mvoked by typing F at the "Select objects" prompt.J Current settings: Projection=UCS. Select objects or <select all>: 1 found( cutting edge ...selection 1) Select objects: . Cutting edge Selection 2 47 DURING TRIM AFTER TRIM Tr . rays. Cutting edges can be lines.selection 2) Fence: This is a selection method. In order to trim an object you .. ·or or CAD DESK TRAINING-PLACEMENT•SOFTWARE•CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS . .!St draw a second object which forms the "cutting edge". Edge=None eratior Select cutting edges . lick Use: The TRIM command allows you to shorten an entity to an intersection or _ ove a section of an entity between two intersections. All objects which cross the fence will be -= ected.J Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/eRase/Undo]: (pick the part of the square which __ want to trim ..J Home tab ---7 Modify Panel---7 Trim. x -es. arcs or ellipses.utting edges. polylines. . Command: Trim lick Alias : Tr . Blocks and text cannot be trimmed or used . circles. .

J Specify first fence point: mouse click Specify next fence point or [Undo]: mouse click (P1). irrespective of whether the trimmed object actually intersects with the boundary edge. the objects being extended will trim to an imaginary line through the boundary edge. When the Extend command is set to Extend Mode. . Specify next fence point or [Undo]: mouse click (P2) Specify next fence point or [Undo]: mouse click (P3) Specify next fence point or [Undo]: mouse click (P4) Specify next fence point or [Undo]: mouse click (P5) Edge: If the line you are trying to trim does not intersect with the boundary line. . This is particularly useful and can save lots of time. you can use the "Edge" option to toggle Edge mode to "Extend" (the default is "No Extend"). Edge=None Select cutting edges .J Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/eRase/Undo]: F .J Current settings: Projection=UCS. CAD DESK HATRONYKS • . Select objects or <select all>: . 4��---r--·-�-------�----·-+·--• P AFTER TRIM Tr .

Current settings: Projection=UCS, Edge
Select cutting edges . . .
Select objects or <select all>: -1
Select object to trim or shift-select to exte
nd or
do]: E -1
Enter an implied edge extension mode [Exte
nd/No extend] <No extend>: E
Select object to trim or shift-select to exte
nd or
do]: (by any selection method).

�·es the projection method used when trim
ming objects.

Enter a projection option [None/Ucs/View]
--=- one
<current>: Enter an option or press

Specifies no projection. The command trim
s only objects that intersect with the
_ "'g edge in 3D space.

�----�- Object not intersecting
with cutting edge in
30 space

'----+-- Object intersecting
with cutting edge in
30 space



Specifies projection onto the XY plane of the current UCS. The command trim�
objects that do not intersect with the cutting edge in 3D space.

Projection of object onto -..---l--l
current UCA intersecting
with cutting edge

Specifies projection along the current view direction. The command trims objec·
that intersect the boundary in the current view.

Left viewport Right viewport
Erase :Deletes selected objects. This option provides a convenient method
erase unneeded objects without leaving the TRIM command.
Select objects to erase or <exit>: Use an object selection method and pre
ENTER to return to the previous prompt
Undo : Reverses the most recent change made by TRIM.

Note: You can extend object by trim command for this press shift while selecting obje::
- (select object to trim :)

Command: Extend
Alias : Ex .J

Home tab� Modify Panel� Extend.
Use: The extend command can be used to extend a part of an object. In orde�
extend an object you must draw a second object which forms the "boundary ed_=

.. ��JLRE§!S

=-.::- ca be lines, x lines, rays, polylines, circles, arcs or ellipses. Block'- and
�--_ := e ended or used as boundary edges.

Selection 2


Ex .J
Current settings: Projection=UCS, Edge=None
Select boundary edges . . .
Select objects or <select all>: 1 found (selection 1 )
Select objects: .J
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or
[Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/eRase/Undo]: (selection 2).

�All options are like trim command.
·e You can trim object by extend command for this press shift while selecting
-- object (select object to extend : ).

Command: Copy
o lias : Co .J
orne tab -t Modify Panel -t Copy
'S se: The Copy command can be used to create one or more duplicates of any
-=>object or objects which you have previously created. Copy is a very useful and
-=-c�·. ·ng command because you can create very complex drawing elements and then
py them as many times as you like.

;. - :?


-� "T

inc the original selection set. (b ) Second Point : Determines a distance and direction for the array relative to base point. (a) Single : Creates a single copy of selected objects and ends the command. DCopied object DURING COMMAND • DSource object AFTER COPY Co -1 Select objects: (pick object to copy) Select objects: -1 (to end selection) Specify base point or displacement. The remaining copies are positioned in a linear array beyond point using the same incremental displacement. or [Displacement/mOde]: (pick P 1 or 0 single/multiple copies) Specify second point or [Array] <use first point as displacement>:(by any fixing method) Mode Controls whether the command repeats automatically (COPYMODE system variable). By default. _D Specify second point or-l. HATRONYKS • . the first copy in the array is positioned at the s displacement. Array Arranges a specified number of copies in a linear array. (b ) Overrides the Single mode setting. (a) Number of I tems to Array : Specifies the number of items in the array. The COPY command is set to Multiple : automatically for the duration of the command.

The other _ =. oin· eat t I irig 1 • + � he Fit : ed 1at Redefines the array to use the specified displacement as the location of the =-. D D D D D D 3ase point jeer (P1) =---x D D Ortho 26.6422 < 270° DURING COMMAND AFTER COPY (ARRAY OPTION) �-t : Positions the final copy in the array at the specified fit in a linear array between the original selection set and the final copy. copy rather than the firstcopy. fitting the other copies between the original :. HATRONYKS .ection set and the final copy.

AutoCAD prompts for a second rotation point or an angle which car be typed at the keyboard.J (to end selection) Specify base point or [Displacement] <Displacement>: P 1 (mouse click) Specify second point or <use first point as displacement>: P2 (mouse click numerical entry) Command: Rotate Alias : Ro .J Home tab � Modify Panel � Move + Use: To displace object from one location to another location. Command: Move Alias : M . BEFORE MOVE DURING MOVE AFTER MOVE M . Base point P1 BEFORE ROTATE DURING ROTATE AFTER ROTATE CAD DESK TRAINING•PLACEMENT•SOFTWARE•CONSULTANC� HATRONYKS • . The Rotate command allows an object or objects to be rotated about a pain· Use: selected by the user.J Home tab� Modify Panel --4 f{otate.J Select objects: Specify opposite corner: 1 found Select objects: .

ATE CAD DESK TRAINING•PLACEMEH'PSOFlWARE•CONSUlTAHCY HATRONYKS . The "ANGDIR" and "ANGBASE" variables remind you of this. you don't have rotation angle. RO � Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=O Select objects: Specify opposite corner: 1 found Select objects : � (to end selection) Specify base point: P 1 ( mouse click) Specify rotation angle or [Copy/Reference] <30> : 45 � e Remember. absolute angle. .bout a pain le which car i I j �. AutoCAD angles start at 3 o'clock or East and increase in an . rotate object by giving reference angle. anti-clockwise direction. RO � Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=O 'ick) o Select objects: Specify opposite corner: 1 found ouse click Select objects: � (to end selection) Specify base point: P 1 ( mouse click) Specify rotation angle or [Copy/Reference] <30> : C� Specify rotation angle or [Copy/Reference] <30> : 45 � . Copy: Creates the copy of selected object for rotation.. For this u type R �instead of giving rotation angle. If you want to rotate in a clockwise direction you can enter a negative angle by using a minus sign.o-----------------··- Base pomt P2 E ROTATE DURING ROTATE AFTER ROTATION eference: Rotates objects from a specified angle to a new. by default.

MI RROR -1 Select objects: (any selection method) Select objects: -1 (to end selection) Specify firs� point of mirror line: P 1 (mouse click) Specify second point of mirror line: P2 (mouse click) Erase source objects? [Yes/No] : N -1 r·+-. Use : To create mirrored copy of selected object. Specify second point : R2 (mouse click) Specify new angle (Points): N 1 (mouse click) or angle. P1 ------1 BEFORE MIRROR DURING MIRROR AFTER MIRROR CAD DES K HATRONYKS . Command: Mirror Alias : Mi -1 Home tab -7 Modify Panel -7 Mirror.BEFORE ROTATE DURING ROTATE AFTER ROTATION RO -1 Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=O Select objects: Specify opposite corner: 1 found Select objects: -1 (to end selection) Specify base point: P 1 ( mouse click) Specify rotation angle or [Copy/Reference] <30> : C -1 Specify rotation angle or [Copy /Reference] <30> : R -1 Specify reference angle: R 1 (mouse click) or angle. ·P2 r r·--' •---------------------. .

13" cil.9mm) or SMA 00.5mm) Clearance Cage System ' 1 " 1.14" FC!APC.. [ 1 l --j 0 47" .1mm) _. [Exercise 3j 100 35 ATION ) (A) 1-.18" Receptlcle Holes tor (4.0. 1.6mm) (B) J HATRONYKS .50" 00.2mm) {38. FC/PC. 3 (28.o mm) (3. (28. .1 mm) 01.99" (25.

J Home tab ----7 Modify Panel ----7 Stretch.J STRETCH Select objects to stretch by crossing-window or crossing-polygon. Select objects: Specify opposite corner: 3 found (implied window selecl Select objects: . Use: The Polygon command can be used to draw any regular polygon fror up to 1024 sides. (0 X-------+-- o) 1 S.J CAD DESK TRAININGePLACEMENT•SOFTWARE•CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS .J Home tab ----7 Modify Panel----7 Polygon..J Command: Polygon Alias : Pol . Command: Stretch Alias : S .J (to end selection) Specify base point or [Displacement] <Displacement>: mouse click(1) Specify second point or <use first point as displacement>: 3 .J POLYGON Enter number of sides <4> : 5 . P2 In sri bed Circumscribed Edge Pol.. Use To increase or decrease size of object lengthwise or width stretching.

Circumscribed about circle: To draw polygon outside the circumference of Edge : This command also allows you to define the polygon by entering the length e using the Edge option. the one in the middle is circumscribed (outside _ : e with the polyline edges tangential to it) and the one on the right is defined by of an edge. l sid �C AD DES� TRAINING 'PLACEMENT-sOFlWARE •coNSULTANCY r ' - . • Specify center of polygon or [Edge]: (pick P1 by mouse click) -=-an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] <I> : .J (to accept the :Jed default or type C for circumscribed) __ ·radius of circle: (pick P2 or enter exact radius). Poi.-__ HATRONYKS .J on) Specify center of polygon or [Edge]: E . the polygon on the left is inscribed (inside the circle --:polygon vertexes touching it). wise b Inscribed in circle: To draw polygon inside the circumference of circle.J Specify first endpoint of edge: (pick P1 by mouse click) S ecify second end point of edge: (pick P1 by mouse click or enter value) the illustration above.J POLYGON Enter number of sides <4> : 5 .

.00 (C) ( D) Command: Scale Alias : Sc . . (A ) ( B) 5. Sc .J Home tab -7 Modify Panel -7 Scale Use: To enlarge or reduce size of selected object.J (to end selection) Specify base point: (pick base point..CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS .. P1) CAD DESK TRAINING .PLACEMENT . __---:.SOFTWARE .J SCALE Select objects: (pick objects to be scaled by any of selection method) Select objects: .

.:::rofy scale factor or [Copy/Reference]: (pick second point.J Scaling a copy of the selected • scale factor or [Copy/Reference]: 2 ...:: • .. • ........ P2 or enter scale • I� rtho 1.. scale factor or [Copy/Reference]: c ...__...J (to end selection) ase point: (pick base point.J HATRONYKS ..8542 < oo (P1 ) ... P 1 ) -.. · . jects: (pick objects to be scaled by any of selection method) jects: . base point SCALE DURING SCALE AFTER SCALE - P1 •············+····-� base point :SCALE DURING SCALE AFTER SCALE is option is create copy of selected object & scale it..

J Specify reference length : (pick point R 1 ) Specify second point: (pick point R2) Specify new length (Points): (pick point NL) CAD DESK TRAINING�PLACEMENT .CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS . Sc .�R2 � DURING SCALE AFTER SCALING Reference: This option is used for scale object in the reference of other object.J SCALE Select objects: (pick objects to be scaled by any of selection method) Select objects: .SOFTWARE . BP) Specify scale factor or [Copy/Reference]: R .J (to end selection) Specify base point: (pick base point.

.J ·rst break point: mouse click (P 1) · -=. second break point: mouse click (P2) --7 Modify Panel --7 Break �.. During command After break ��� :-:: ect object: any selection method (selection 1 ) ·ty second break point o r [First point]: b y mouse click o r enter value. se: To break selected object in between two points. ::e ection ". command After join ce object or multiple objects to join at once: by any selection method __ ·ect. " ·n two broken lines.)"' P2 :)uring command After break _ :_ o ject: ------.s to join: by any selection method · ed into 1 line DOD CAD DESR'PLACEMENT 'SOFlWARE 'CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS . point: Overrides the original first point with the new point that you specify. -. Command: Break ias : Br .J ""orne tab --7 Modify Panel--7 Break lui . .second break point or [First point]: f .

0000 Multiple: If you specify multiple points. a running total of the distance based the existing line segments and the current rubberband line is displayed in the tooltip. Delta Z = 0. The distance is updated as you move the cursor. By these commands you will able to measure distance.0000. Use: To measure distance between two points.J DIST Specify first point: mouse click (P1) Specify second point or [Multiple points]: mouse click (P2) Distance = 10. Angle from XY Plane = 0 Delta X= 10. P1 P2 Di. Delta Y = 0. get ID pain· history of drawing file & properties of selected object & many more things. Utilities & Some Properties In this chapter you will learn about some utilities commands & some commands relat­ to properties panel. Command Distance Alias : DI.0000. Angle in XY Plane = 0. HATRONYKS • .0000.J Home tab --j Utilities Panel --j Measure --j Distance � . dynamic dimension is also displayed.

ect arc or circle: by mouse click .J - . / Selection "' Object :a .J =· UREGEOM =--er an option [Distance/Radius/Angle/ARea/Volume] <Distance>: R -.= ·us = 5. ./ Lt. ..J ----7 Utilities Panel ----7 Measure Radius · e tab � -se: To measure radius of arc ft circle. --- � Selection P2 �C AD DESK "J>LACEMENT"SOFTWARE CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS . 0000 = eter = 10.: To measure angle between two lines.. Selection P1 "'--. 0000 mand : Angle (MeasureGeom) � .·as : MEA . e tab ----7 Utilities Panel ----7 Measure ----7 Angle . ommand : Radius (MeasureGeom) · as : MEA .

'�1 Point Style ------ � ®Set Size fielative to Screen . MEA . Point style. 0 Set Size in �bsolute Units Cancel Jl Help CAD DESK oSOFTWARE <CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS • .J MEASUREGEOM Enter an option [Distance/Radius/Angle/ARea/Volume] <Distance>: A Select arc.. Use: To set point style & size of point..J Specify a point: Command: Point Style Alias : D D PTY PE . circle. or <Specify vertex>: select it by mouse click (P1) Select second line: select it by mouse click (P2) Angle = 60° Command : I D Point Alias : I D . line.J llta 10 Point I Home tab � Utilitie s Panel � I D Point Use: To get the UCS co-ordinate values of a specified point. PO .J Home tab � Utilitie s Panel � Point I r.J Home tab � Draw Panel � Point a Use: To mark points in a drawing.J Specify point: mouseclick Command : Point Alias : PO . ID .

.J Home tab ---7 D raw Panel ---7 D onut @ Use: To create Donut. '''Select Color �� rEJ Color Book• Colo! model· Index Color True Color Color Books !.5.J -.ust CAD DESK HATRONYKS .•yer 8y81oc]l I� �olor OK It Cancel ]:!elp OK II C•neel ][ lfelp and : List : : Li . e tab ---7 Prope rties Panel ---7 List II� 1.umH'l•nee 0 HSL True Color Stored as RGB· Red: Green· Blue· 0 • BJ'l.5000>: .J Specify outside diameter of donut <1.J orne tab ---7 Prope rties Panel ---7 Col se: Select color for new object.. Do.J ::>ONUT Specify inside diameter of donut <0. . 0000>: 1. Command: D onut Alias : Do .J Soecify center of donut or <exit>: mouse click Command: Color lias : Col .

J Select objects: by any selection method Select objects: .oooo f�:om point.33 69 Y= 5.0000 X"' z= o. Li. You also get history of se object. 21. Delta = 0.J to end command. 0. Angle in XY Plane Delta 8.0000. Delta CAD DESK HATRONYKS ..6199.7170 Y= 5. B ······················································ ············································································ Command: li LIST Select object5: 1 faun � Select object5: LINE Layer: "0" Handl� 1db Space: Model space X"' z. 12.0827 X "' Y Z Length 8.0827 0 to point.6199. Use: To get properties data of selected object.

. 0000 h is drawing units & drawing limits.0 00 3. Tp: I Decimol (DecimaiOege� vl Precisioo: lniestion $Cdle Unit: to scele nse1ted content Sample Oulput 1.2. Command: Units Alias : Un . You cannot start creating sensible d rawings with . .J Application menu --j Drawing utilities --j the most i mportant concepts that newcomers to AutoCAD need to get to grips :.oCAD until you are familiar with units and the commands you use to control them .00<45. Use: To set d rawing units i n which you want to draw your drawing.50.bngle lJope.. '''Drawing Units � Length . Drawing Setup & Properties .0. 00. I� HATRONYKS .00 Unl:t for specifying the intensity ol ighting.·s lesson discusses these concepts and some other commands related to drawing DO :-operties & helpful i n making d rawings without drafting mistakes. International CKJ � j Diection.

m. em.•h J. (B) ) & inches in inserti tural in Type (Length Lel'l<.000 L1ght1ng sity of ti\tlbng: Units f01 �ng the inten v t Arch·: tft inches) you se draw ing in Architectural units (fee If you want to draw on scale. em.ype Dec1moiOeg1ees Archtec\1. frect�ioo 0 0'·0 1/4" In�'' 1 cl'lle put Sample Out 11/Z'Z'JY' " 3"<450 HATRONYKS • . m.. km etc 'In in Type(Length)tt mm.50. Linear Units etc) you set Decim etric units (m m.0.00 3.00<45. \!>.2.) O!::lockwlte s amp�<! Qulpl)l 1.11� Prec�>IO!).00. km aw drawing in m II �ou want to dr insertion scale.

For the most _: is does not present any problems once you get used to the idea. 0!..=-�lt is decimal degrees. It is. the co-ordi nate display on the status =�changes to show co-ordinates using the current unit type.. use the C lockwise check box in the Angle section of the Drawing _dialogue box.0000 .000000 2ver. Notice that when you change the unit type. there are specific situations where it may be desirable to have the zero _ =at the 1 2 o'clock position (North) and angles increasing in a clockwise direction. .. Changing the unit type also ..0 _ 1 against the appropriate drop-down list (see i llus­ 0. when it is not checked (the default). 0.2cts the way distances.00000000 Angle T_11pe: . By default. positive angles are measured in a clockwise __ ·an..: .. so distances appear in the form 0. CAD DESK HATRONYKS .:.00 0. simply click the down 0.:>CAD sets the linear unit precision to four places of Decimal :_ 11al. When this box is checked. sition of the start angle. this latter =:·on enables you to specify angles with respect to North. positive angles are measured in an ockwise direction.Drawing Units dialogue box can also be used to set length : ::>recision of linear and angular units.1ockwise e ct ion . areas and volumes are reported when using the appropriate �. you will · Precision: :e that there are also five angular unit types.. :xample.0000. To change the precision with which linear and 0. 't Precision -.�iry command .00000 =:2s is usually adequate for linear units. ��tar Units Decimal Degrees v : g at the Drawi ng Units dialogue box again. often necessary to change the precision for Architec..AD also allows you to control the direction i n which angular units are measured and . OK II Con"l J[ !)jootio� II !!•� J I However. The 0 v . but there are other units. if you are working on a surveyors drawing or a map base. AutoCAD starts with the zero angle at the 3 � :. ar unit precision is set to whole degrees only. By default. The default setting of four decimal 0. . To change the direction of _ _ ar measurement.0000 ..000 �_ n on the left) and select the number of decimal 0.k position ( East) with angles increasing in an anti-clockwise direction.0000000 . Type: .:2s required. 0. ar values are displayed.

PLACEMENT• SOFTWARE. click on the "Direction . The Pick I Type Other ability to specify an "Other'' or user angle can be useful if. To change the start angle. the drawing limits restrict the coordinates you can enter to wj "" the rectangular area. To change the OK ij [ Cancel direction of angular measurement. the area displayed by one of the scale options of ZOOM. When plotting a drawing.00 angle using the Pick an angle button. CAD DESK TRAINING. The drawing limits are two-dimensional points in the world coordi nate syst that represent the lower-left and upper-right boundaries.00 you can set it to a specific angle with the 180. You can set the Base 0.00 West "Other" option. Because limits checking tests only points that you enter.:.' Direction -��ntrol � Units dialogue box. Drawing limits also determine the area of the drawing that display grid dots. " button i n the Drawing •.. you cannot enter po· outside the grid limits. your d rawing is not oriented to North but where you sti ll want angular measurements to be made with respect to North. Specify lower left corner or [ON / OFF] <current>: Specify a point. You cannot impose limits the Z direction. When limits checking is on. simply click on the appropriate radio button. The Direction Control Ba�eAngle dialogue box appears. Command: Limits Alias :None Menu -7 Format -7 Drawing Limits Use: Sets and controls the limits of the grid display i n the current Model or naiT'2 layout.CONSUlTANCY HATRONYKS • . port" of objects such as circles can extend outside the grid limits. you can also specify drawing limits as the area to plot. When limits checking is turned on (controlled by the On and Off options from - first LIMITS prompt). You can enter a specific angle into the edit box or you can pick an South 270.00 East Angle to any of the circle quadrants by clicking on the appropriate radio button or 0North 90. enter on or c­ or press ENTER Specify upper right corner <current>: Specify a point or press ENTER On : Turns on limits checking. Off : Turns off limits checking but maintains the current values for the next you turn on limits checking. The Limits are according to drawing which you dra viewport. for example.. and minimum area displayed by ZOOM All.

I Exercise sl csidential Plan :ancel el or nam ec ·:late systerr se limits or · ns from the er to wjthi ·ng tha t car 10M. and the so specify the :h you draw i 1ter on or off ER )t ent er poi n · �nter. portio • ·the next tim= CAD DESK HATRONYKS .


you must load it into your current drawing. Invoking the LINETYPE command brings up the Linetype Manager dialog box as below: Lt. When you have been drawing in AutoCAD.J HATRONYKS . hidden lines.·er lines. As is usually the case i n _ AD. center line etc to use them ::rawings. This is the continuous line type. When you first start AutoCAD. the default template has only one line type is · =-. almost all of the lines have been . Sholes 26 /Att Command: Line Type Alias : Lt Home Tab -7 Properties Panel -7 Line Type Menu -7 Format -7 Line Type Use: To select different types of lines like hidden line. If you need a --=rent line type. More advanced drawings will require different line types such as -. This is a particular line type. uous. but only --::s in one to start with i n order to keep the drawing file size smaller. there are a few ways t o d o this. AutoCAD has many more phantom lines and others. Most simple drawings can be drawn with just · one line type.

.. - Deta1ls ACAD IS007W1 00 = ACAD ISOOB\11100 ISO long-dash short-dash _ __ __. _ . you'll see another dialog box appear (shown above ) ._ ISO long-dash double-dot _ . press the _boad . .. . but as you can see from the samples shown in the right side of the dialog box. (This will not be covered in this lesson. _ . HIDDENX2. .!:!elp Instead of creating a new linetype ... If you pick HIDDEN2. HIDDEN2. HATRONYKS • . _ .. as well as giving you the optior to create your own. ) To load a linetype. lin file. Remember one thing though. Notice that AutoCAD i s giving you a choice of different linetypes as defined in the acad. Scroll throueh the list to see what options you have available. you will have to LOAD it into your drawing. they are slightly different.. . Adding a linetype to your drawing is that easy. Linetype filters Show all linetypes v D Invert filter �-------' Available Linetypes -- 1 Linetype Description 6. Click on the Hidden linetype and then press OK.. center.. etc) as well as some that are only for certain appli­ cations.. if you need a center line.. This will keep your linetype scale consistent. Only change your linetype scale singly if you have a specific reason to.... AutoCAD has many different linetypes that you can load.. . _ ACAD IS005W1 00 - ACAD IS006W1 00 ISO long-dash triple-dot ISO dot . .. Which one you choose is up to you. Notice that there are three different hidden linetype options: HIDDEN.CAD ISOOZW'l 00 ISO dash ____________ _ ISO dash space______ ____ ACAD IS003'W100 = ACAD IS004W100 ISO long-dash dot . . button that is towards the top-right corner. _ .. then you should also pick CENTER2. ACAD_IS009'W100 ISO long-dash double-short-dash ____ ACAD_IS011JW100 ISO dash dot y t ACAD IS011W100 ISO double-dash dot I > J OK Cancel J ( Help . . ... When you do this. .. You'll see the most common ones (hidden. All of these a re valid linetypes.

If you -:ed to change your linetype scale. alllinetypes v I 0 !nvert filter Current he option Current Linetype: Bylayer . why you should set up your drawing properly from the beginning. _ LTS.Qiobal scale factor: one thing Current . �h�. Here is an example of 3 different linetypes: Hidden Hidden2 HiddenX2 Command: Line Type Scale Alias : LTS Use: Your linetype scale determines how the linetype is displayed and plotted.Qbject scale: a center � .. L1netype filters 1oad. l_ . you may have to change it. This is : e more reason..J (enter scale factor) You can also change you linetype scale from the LINETYPE dialog box by changing . Continuous PHANTOMZ -------· Phantom[. e value in the Global Scale Factor box. type in LTSCALE and try different values to get the k you want.!J.J LTSCALE Enter new linetype scale factor <1.'ll see the in appli· are three Details are valid ialog box. paper space units for scaling 'I scale singly OK J[ Cancel J[ t!elp CAD DESK HATRONYKS . epending on your linetype or original area you set up.0000>: 2 .5x} ____________ . press the --- r - Linetype Appearance Description xe another I Bylayer ByBiock ed in the Continuous ----.

l. The line with a LTS of 5 has lines and dashes that are 5 times longer.CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS • .. . You can learn about "Layer" in other lesson.!>'ii11f L�h= 15YL.ayer option. ByBock -. Linetypes can also be controlled qy _puttinJ! them .jus� select the object.. or use the droplist of layers on the main drawing screen. Hidden .5 Hidden ..·CE TER 1------ Other.. Command: Line Weight Alias : LW Home Tab � Properties Panel � Line Weight CAD DESK TRAINING.�\ffir . For example.nru> .Linetype scale = 0. Note: You can change the linetype scale separately on each object. .Linetype scale = 5 You can change the linetype of an object by changing its properties. This is a simpler.ilru-1 . but this is no­ . and therefore lose consistency. NoticE that the line with a LTS of 5 has lines and dashes that are 1 /2 the size of line above i . you could have all of your hidden lines on one la)ler so )IOU can tum them off a\\ at once or give them a light lineweight. quicker method . recommended as it can be very difficult to keep track of.PLACEMENT . Red ---.SOFTWARE. then pick the linetype from the list.Linetype scale = 1 Hidden .. Here is a single linetype (hidden) with 3 different linetype scales applied.all .

0.05mm 2 Default -. LW.039" 0. 0. HATRONYKS .012" 0. 0. Just click on lineweight icon on status bar. & how wide they display on not screen or when printed. There is also an option to turn on /off the display of lineweight. 0. By working with different linetypes & lineweights you can make a drawing clearer.25mrn v 1-. 0. Some people will make their objects have a heavier lineweight than the dimen­ sions to make them stand out better.083" The methods of changing the lineweight for object is similar to the ones of linetypes (above ) .J Units for Listing ()Millimeters (mm) 1) [nches (in] 1 :• 0 Qisplay L1neweight 1-. but you also have the option of displaying lineweight.13 rnrn v Min Max ·­ .09mrn AdJust Display Scale 1-. Use : Another properties of lines is their lineweight. Current Lineweight: Bylayer 3 ll OK Jl [ Cancel ] [ Help The options are quite straightforward. ose Here are the range of lineweights available (there are more options in between) : Default 0.01 0" ce e it. This is powerful display option. Below the icon indicates that lineweights are shown in the drawing.

J!L f C�rcle Color • Red Layer 0 Linetype ----.0000 --- Circumference 31...4159 Area 76.0000 NormaiV 0.PHANTOM2 Linetype scale ' Plot style • • • �ltnewelght Bylayer ' Transparency �Hyperlink \ ' . Ji A �. HATRONYKS • . You can also modify some properties. Select object then right click in the drawing area a select Properti es .�!.7207 Center V 5. Command : Properties Alias : Pr OR Ctrl + 1 View Tab � Palettes Panel� Properties . ( . -- Command : Match Properties Alias : Ma View Tab ---? ClipBoard Panel ---? MatchProperties I ell Use: To apply properties of selected object to another objects.5398 Normal X 0. ..0000 NormaiZ 1.0000 .0000 I Radius 5.3067 --- Center Z 0.0000 Diameter 10.' ' ' 3D Visualization · ..�O§T� TM .t R._. ··----- LMaterial Geometry • Center X 35. Use: To view properties of selected object..

-----.C urrent active settings: Col or Lay er Ltype Ltsc ale Lineweight Tra PlotStyle Dim Tex t Hat ch Polylin nsp are ncy Thi ckn ess e Viewpo rt Tab le Mat eria l Sha dow Select des tination object (s) or [Set disp lay Mul tile ade r tings]: any selection method (sel Sele ct des tina tion obj ect (s) or [Set ection 2) tings]: .:-. "' Selection 1 MA.J MATCHPROP Sele ct sou rce object: any selectio n method (selection 1) ..- --- --.---- ---. ---- After match properties You can control which properties are matched and which are not by using the "Settings" command line option. By default all property settings are active (checked) .--. ----- ___.J to end command --. You can deselect whichever properties you don't want to match simply by unchecking the box against that option . CAD DE SK HATRONYKS . The Settings option displays the Property Settings dialogue box. shown on the right.

Ba:;te Properties
• Byloyer
0Layer 0

0Linetype ByL:�yer Help

0 Linetype� Scale 1.0000

0 Lineweight Bylayer

0 Transparency Bylayer

0 Thrckness 00000

Specral Propertres

0Drmension 0Text 0Hatch

�Polyline 0Vrewport 0Table

0Malerial 0 Shadow display 0 Multileader

You don't know about many properties given i n above dialog box, you will learn
about them in next some chapters .



Fillet & Chamfer

Command: Fillet
Alias : F

Home Tab --7 Modif
y Panel --7 Fillet cr:
Us e: To ma ke object's
corner round.
Selection 1

Selection 2

Current settings: Mode
= TRIM, Ra dius= 0.000
Select first object or [U 0
ndo/Polyline/Radius /T
Specify fillet radius <0 rim/Multipl e] : R .J
. 0000>: 1 .J
Select first object or [U
Select second object or rim/Multipl e] : (selectio
shift-select to ap ply co n 1)
rner or [Radius]: (selec
tion 2)


Trim Mode
The 'Trim' option allows you to select whether AutoCAD s e lines back to the fillet
radius or leaves them untouched . This option is used in o er co mands, e.g. Chamfer,
as well.


Draw two i ntersecting lines.
Re-install the Fillet command .
Current settings : Mode =TRIM, Radius = 1 . 0000
Select first object or [Undo/ Polyline/ Radius / Tri m /Mu ltiple] : T .J
Enter Trim mode option [Tri m / No trim] < Trim>: T .J
Select first object or [Undo/ Polyline/ Radius/Trim /Multiple] : (selection 1)
Select second object or shift-select to apply corner or [Radius]: (selection 2)

Note : (a) The default value for Fillet is to trim the Lines.
(b) N (to select No Tri m ) & Type: T (to select Tri m )

The 'Multiple' option of the Fillet command allows you to do continuous fillets with the
current radius setting rather than allow just a single fillet operation. Using this option
will save exiting and restarting the Fillet command each time you wish to fillet a set of
objects. You must use the 'Return'?, 'Enter' or 'Esc' key to end the fillet command with
a 'Multiple' option in force. Try it on the inner box. Undo your work when done.

To fillet object d raw by polyline. We shall consider the 'Polyline' option in a later


y Lx BEFORE FILLET AFTER FILLET F. The fillet is positioned so that it is trimmed back to the end of the line you picked first regardless of length. The size of the radius is adjusted to join the lines with a semicircle regardless of the fillet setting. picking the shorter one fi rst.J Select first object or [Undo/ Polyline/ Radius /Tri m /Multiple] : P .Module.J FILLET Current settings: Mode =TRIM. are considered one object. once drawn. A polyline is j ust a special group of objects ( made up of lines and arcs if so required ). Apply the Fillet command to the lines at both right hand ends. 0000>: 1. Use Snap and Ortho to draw two parallel lines with different lengths as shown below. Radius= 1 .J Select 2D polyline or [ Radius]: Filleting Parallel lines Not all the lines to be filleted need to have an intersection point or to intersect if they were extended.J Specify fillet radius < 1 . 0000 Select first object or [Undo/ Polyline/ Radius/Trim /Multiple]: R . Fillet can also apply an arc to lines that are parallel. ------ CAD DESK HATRONYKS . which.

J --��------------� Specify fillet radius <default value>: 0 .5000 Select first object or [Undo/ Polyline/ Radius/Tri m / Multiple]: R . ) Reinstate the Fillet command and pick one of the lines 70 making up the corner with a radius of 25. The initial arc remains. ( lines drawn not using Snap. "continuous". picking the vertical line below the horizontal line. Another option is to set the radius to 0 and then Fillet. Now. Radius 0 1 This option is very valuable in the trimming and cleaning up of 30 lines that have been drawn freehand. Radius= 22. This time the radius is positioned at e end of the longer line and the shorter one is extended. Fillet has one more very useful function.J Select first object or [Undo / Polyline/Radius/Tri m / Multiple] : Pick the two lines you have just d rawn one after the other. but the corner will also be squared off as the current radius setting is overridden and becomes a value of 0. __ ___) Install the Fillet command again to see that the radius used to fillet the parallel lines is only a temporary value and the Current value remains unaltered. Draw two lines like those below somewhere away from your two squares Fillet Current setti ngs: Mode= TRIM. Undo the fillet and then re-install the Fillet com and and apply it again picking the longer line fi rst. etc . At the second j prompt: Select second object or shift-select to apply corner: 40 Hold the Shift key down and pick the opposite line that makes up the corner. HATRONYKS • .

50 t 1.75 A 1---70---+--- (D) HATRONYKS . I Exercise 61 (A) R0.25 -� 0.

Alias : Cha Home Tab � Modify Panel � Chamfer L] Use : To bevel edges of objects. DistZ = 0 Select first line or [Polyline/ Distance/ Angle/Tri m /Method / mUltiple]: D (to set distances) Specify first chamfer distance < 10. SelectB.J C HAMFER (TRIM mode) Current chamfer Dist1 = 0. Selection 1 (P1) El Selection 2 (P2) DURING COMMAND AFTER COMMAND C HA .OOOO>: . ibn Angle: Sets the chamfer distances using a chamfer distance for the first line and an angle for the second line. 0000>: 20 (enter required distance) Specify second chamfer distance <ZO. 1 Selection 2 CAD DESK HATRONYKS • . The Chamfer command enables you to create a chamfer between any two non-parallel lines as i n the i llustration below or any two adjacent polyline segments.J (first distance value or enter a · different value) -- Select first line or [Polyline/ Distance/ Angle/Tri m /Method]: select object(pick P1) Select second line: select object (pick P2) The chamfer is made and the command ends.

A poly line is just a special e' option in a late r gro up of obj ect s ( mad e up of line req uire d). Undo your work whe done . CHA -1 CHAMFER (TRIM mode ) Curre nt cham fer Dist1 = 0. 0000>: 1 -1 Specify cham fer angl e from the first line : 45 -1 Selec t first line or [Poly line/Dista nce/Angle/Tr im/Metho d] : (pick P1) Selec t secon d line: (pick P2) Multiple The 'Mul tiple' option of the chamfer com man d allows you to do cont inuo us cham fer with the curr ent setting rath er than allow just a singl e cham fer operation . Polyline To cha mfe r object draw by poly line . com man ds. Try it on the inne r box. This opt ion is use d in ot her Chamfer. n Trim The 'Trim' option allows you to sele ct whe the r Aut oCA D trim s the line cha mfe r or leaves them untouch d s bac k to the e . onc e d raw n. CAD D ES K HATRONYKS . g. a 'Ente r' or 'Esc' key to end the cham fer com man d with a 'Mul tiple ' option in forc e. Dist2 0 = Selec t first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim /Method/ mUltiple] : -1 A (to set distances) Specify cham fer lengt h on the first line <0. You must use the 'Ret urn'. e. whi ch. Using this optio will save exiting and restarting the Chamfer n com man d each time you wish to cham fer set of objects. as wel l. We sha ll con side r the 'Pol ylin Mod ule. are s and a rcs if so con side red one obj ect .

I 50 I (C) 177 Chamfer45° · · .57" X 2Q ( B) I• 50 �I •I 5 I• 40 �I5 1.. - Chamfer Chamfer top edge bottom edge 217 Top doubler-cutting Top doubler-chamfering step bottom CAD DESK TM HATRONYKS • .· . --EJ-T7o I 89 I 39. l Exercise 1l (A) 26.

' · � 1 88 ----- Bottom doubler-cutting Bottom doubler-marking Bottom doubler-Chamfering 000 CAD DESK HATRONYKS . 147 I· ·I . 197 Chamfer 45° so-1-�.

Angle A. Radius click (P2) Specify end point of arc: mouse click (P3) {. 0. End. and direction values. Center. End.DESK HATRONYKS • . Direction Specify start point of arc or [Center] : mouse click (P1) Specify second point of arc or [Center / End]: mouse . Start. . Length Methods of creating an arc: 3 Point : 0 Start. Length P1 P3 t::: Continue · cAD . you can specify combinations of center. endpoint. Creation of Curves Command: Arc { 3-Point r Start. radius.f/: Start. chord length.(/{Center. End P2 . End. Angle 1/: Center. Center. Angle To create an arc. Alias : A ! "" End Home Tab � Draw Panel � Arc + II Use : To creates an arc.J ARC r Start. Start.{1start. angle. Center. Start. Start. Center. start point.

J SP ARC Spe cify sta rt poi nt of arc or [Ce nte r] : mouse click (SP) Spe cify sec ond poi nt of arc or [Ce nte r I End ] : C .J EP ARC nter] : Specify start poi nt of arc or (Ce mouse click (SP) arc or Spe cify sec ond poi nt of (Ce nte r I End ]: C .J Specify length of cho rd : 5.J Specify cen ter poi nt of arc: mouse click (CP) .J Start .Start. Center.J mouse click Specify cen ter poi nt of arc : (CP) or CP Specify end poi nt of arc X (An gle /ch ord Length ] : L .J HATRONYKS . --------- - ---x. ---�-- ---. Center . Length: A.J cP Specify inc lud ed ang le: 120 ..// Specify end poi nt of arc or - . End : SP A.J ARC (Ce nte r] : Specify sta rt poi nt of arc or mouse click (SP) arc or � � 5.' ------ (An gle / cho rd Len gth ] : A.J Specify cen ter poi nt of arc : mouse X CP click (CP) k (EP) gle /ch ord Len gth ]: mouse clic Specify end poi nt of arc or (An Start Center Angle: A..0000 Chord length Specify sec ond poi nt of (Ce nte r I End ] : C .

....J ARC Specify start point of arc or [Center] : mouse click (SP) Specify second point of arc or [Center/End]: E ... Start .J Specify tangent direction for the start point of arc : 90 .. .. End .. ..J Specify included angle: 45 .... Angle: A....7033 <goo ·.. Ortho : 9... End.J Start ..J Specify end point of arc: mouse click (EP) Specify center point of arc or [Angle/ Di rection/ Radius] : D ....\ \\.. Direct1on : .J CAD DESK HATRONYKS • ... \\ ___ SP _ _______ ____________ _ ____ __________ j EP A .J ARC Specify start point of arc or [Center] : mouse click (SP) Specify second point of arc or [Center/ End] : E .J Specify end point of arc: mouse click (EP) Specify center point of arc or (Angle/ Direction / Radius]: A .

Start.J Center Start End: A. Radius: A.J Specify end point of arc: mouse click (EP) Specify center point of arc or [Angle/ Direction/ Radius ] : R .J ARC Specify start point of arc or [Center]: mouse click (SP) EP 1 0.a 111 CAD DESK t TM � TRAINING•P�CEMENT•SOFTWARE•CON�ULTANCV HATRONYKS .J ARC Specify start point of arc or [Center] : C .J Specify center point of arc: mouse click (CP) Specify start point of arc: mouse click (SP) Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length] : mouse click (EP) EP SP X CP .J Specify radius of arc: 10 .000 Specify second point of arc or [Center/ End] : E . End.

J ARC Specify start point of arc or [Center] : C .60° . Length: A..- Imaginary line \1 /��' / \ I ��� \ / \ Angle / / 1..J Specify included angle: 60 ."" I. * Center.. Start.J Specify length of chord: 15 ..J ARC Specify start point of arc or [Center] : C.../ \ \.. CAD DESK HATRONYKS • .J Specify center point of arc: mouse click (CP) Specify start point of arc: mouse click (SP) SP Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length] : l ._..J 1 \ \ \I I I 1 \ _. Center./" Imaginary line \I ... Angle: A ..... SP \ ...J xCP Continue: To create continous arcs..J Specify center point of arc : mouse click (CP) Specify start point of arc : mouse click (SP) Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length] : A .. Start.

I-4--.. .40__.----.1 Side view 1 . \ Exercise 8 \ 20 (A) I� � 1+.7Q -.1 I 65 0 l 10 60----1--+.130 •I ) I I I I I i( ' 30 3 1 ll Top view (B) �SP . ·cAD DESK HATRONYKS . F ro n t VIeW .

. The third point determines the distance between the center of the elli pse and the end point of the second axis.. Minor axis . End .. • QAxis. Center Command: Ellipse Alias : EL Home Tab ---7 Draw Panel ---7 Ellipse Use : To draw an ellipse..___ Minor axis CAD DESK HATRONYKS • .. _________ Elliptic I �c Methods to draw ellipse : The first two points of the ellipse determine the location and length of the first axis.

End : EL-! ELLIPSE Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center] : mouse click (P 1) Specify other endpoint of axis: 10-! or mouse click (P2) Specify distance to other axis or [ Rotation] : 3-! or mouse click (P2) P3 Center: P3 EL-! ELLIPSE Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center] : C-! Specify center of ellipse: mouse click (P 1) Specify endpoint of axis: 5 -! or mouse click (P2) Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation] : 3-! or mouse click (P3) HATRONYKS .Axis.

Move the cross­ hairs around the center of the ellipse and click.J Specify end angle or [Parameter I Included angle] : 45 . Entering 0 defines a ci rcular ellipse.J or mouse click (P2) Specify start angle or [Parameter]: 0 . starting at -- the first point of arc... DOD HATRONYKS . Elliptical Arc : P3 P1 ------------. the greater the eccentricity of the ellipse. ---.J ELLIPSE Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/ Center]: A .-.J Note: Remember that angles are measured in an anti-clockwise di rection. the higher the value.------------>( P2 EL ..J Specify axis endpoint of elliptical arc or [Center] : mouse click (P 1) Specify other endpoint of axis: 10 or mouse click (P2) Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation] : 3 .. If you enter a value. Rotation Creates the ellipse by appearing to rotate a circle about the first axis...

They can be exploded into individual segments. ·cAD DESK HATRONYKS . In addition to the two ends a polyline is said to have vertices (singular vertex) where intermediate line segments join . They can consist of a rcs and lines. They can be joined together. Polylines have some unique qualities that make them very useful: 1. 5. 10 Polylines Command: Polyline Alias : Pl Home Tab ---? Draw Panel ---? Polyline ____) Use: The Polyline or Pline command is similar to the line command except that the resulting object may be composed of a number of segments which form a single object. They can be edited 4. 3. They can have width (constant or varying) 2.

J S.led. � V\i'd'nC!WwiO'tn/'Length/Undo/Width] : 50 . Half width PL. 0000 Specify next point or [Arc / Halfwidth/ Length/ Undo/Width] : H ..r. ie: if you want to draw 4 mm thick line. enter thickness value 2mm at the starting & ending points.J Specify starting half-width <0.o.0000 Specify next point or [Arc/ Halfwidth/ Length/ Undo/Widthl: (pick P2 ) Specify next point or [Arc / Close / Halfwidth/ Length/ Undo/Width]: (pick PJ) Specify next point or [Arc/ Close/ Halfwidth/ Length/ Undo/Width] : (pick P4) Specify next point or [Arc/ C lose/ Halfwidth/ Length/ Undo/Width]: (pick P5) Specify next point or [Arc /Close/ Halfwidth/ Length/ Undo/ Width]: (or C to close) P3 P2 P4 PS P1 OPEN POLYUNE CLOSED POLYLINE Options of Polyline Half width : (h) This option is used to d raw thick line . to drawing thick line firstly enter half width of the lines thickess.�� D�¥�� �.J PLINE Specify start point: mouseclick Current line-width is 0..J Specify ending half-width <2.J Specify next point or [Arc/ Close/ Halfwidth/ Length/ Undo/Width] : .0000>: 2 . PLINE.t.J Specify start point: (pick P1) Current line-width is 0.t. 0000>: 2 .J HATRONYKS • .

J Specify starting width < 4. 0000 Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/ Length/Undo/Width]: W .0000>: 4 . PL . the new line tangent to that arc segment.J Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/ Length/Undo/Width]: 50 . If the previous le as the segment is an arc. to draw thick enter width of the lines. e as Length: (L) Draws a line segment of a specified length at the same ang previous segment.0000>: 4 . HATRONYKS . ente 4mm at the starting & ending poin r thic kne ss value ts.J Specify ending width <4. segment is drawn Specify length of line: Specify a dist ance Command: Polyline Edit Alias : Pe Home Tab � Modify Panel � Polyline EDit LJ Use: To edit polyline.J Arc:{A) This option is used to draw arc or curved lines . ie: if you line firstly want to draw 4 mm thick line. Width: (w) This option is also used todraw thick line . PE . This option is as sam arc command.J Specify next point or [Arc/Close/H alfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: .J PLINE Specify start point: mouseclick Current line-width is 4.J PEDIT Select polyline or [Multiple]: Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Editvertex/Fit/ gen/Undo]: Spline/Decurve/Ltype Close: To close open polylines.

PE .J PEDIT Select polyline or [Multiple] : (selection 1) Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen I Reverse I Undo]: C .J 1 segments added to polyline Enter an option [Open/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Reverse/Undo]: .J Enter an option [Open/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Reverse/Undo]: . Width : To give width to polyline.J Select objects: select polyline or line to join Select objects: .J Join : To join two & more polylines . DURING POLYLINE EDIT AFTER POLYLINE EDIT PE .J to end the command. CAD DESK HATRONYKS • .J PEDIT Select polyline or [Multiple]: select source polyline Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Reverse/Undo]: J .

2 . the result is one truncated polyline.J to end the command. Edit Vertex: Edit Vertex Marks the first vertex of the polyline by drawing an X on the screen. If one of the specified vertices is at an end of the polyline. BEFORE PEDIT AFTER PEDIT PE . an arrow is also drawn in that direction. Previous Moves the X marker to the previous vertex. or if just one vertex is specified and it is at an endpoint.J PEDIT Select polyline or [Multiple]: Enter an option [Open/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit!Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen I Reverse I Undo]: W . The marker does not wrap around from the start to the end of the polyline even if the polyline is closed. The marker does not wrap around from the end to the start of the polyline even if the polyline is closed. If both specified vertices are at endpoints of the polyline. CAD DESK HATRONYKS . Break Saves the location of the marked vertex while you move the X marker to any other vertex. Next Moves the X marker to the next vertex.J Enter an option [Open/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Reverse/Undo]: .J Specify new width for all segments: . Exit: Exits Break and returns to Edit Vertex mode. you cannot use Break. If you have specified a tangent direction for this vertex. Insert: Adds a new vertex to the polyline after the marked vertex.

Moves the m Regen: the polyline. follows the m Ver tex mode. segment tha use the FILLE wa nt to re m ove an arc un til th ey intersect. Move: arked vertex.J ge n/Reverse/Undo CAD D E S K HATRONYKS . Regenerates her ot arker to any Str aighten : m ove the X m x while you marked verte ation of the saves the loc s of a ight segment t c on nects two stra T ver tex. The specify. er in curve X marker to rtex for use lat �ext: t-Aoves the e m ark ed ve ection to th es a tangent dir Tangent: Attach mmediate! segment that i fitting. of arcs joining each pa' Exit: Exits Edit oot h c urve consist ing rc-fit polyline. e nding widths for the widtl' the starting and display the new Width: Changes gen era te th e polyline to You must re arked vertex.J PEDIT (select polylin e to edit) or (Multiple]: e I Decurve I Ltyp e Select polyline vertex/Fit/Splin in I Width I Edit ion [Open/Jo Enter an opt ]: F . If you nts aight segme d the n extend the str dius of 0. a sm uses an tanger y Fit: Creates an a ver t ices of the polyline and ough all curve passes thr of vertices. polyline an h a fillet ra command wit the next verte x. direction you Selection I AFTER PEDIT AND DURING COMM Pe .

e I Ltype Spline: To create spline fit curve in polylines. Enter an optio n [ Open/JoinI Wid gen/Reverse/Undo thI Edit vertex/ ]: . Selection I DURING PEDIT PE .J to Fit1 Spline I Decurv end the command. I DecurveI ltyp e D ecurve: To de curve or remove ARC-FIT curve & SP LINE-FIT curve. Selection 1 I D URING PEDIT AFTER PEDIT .ype PE .J PEDIT CAD D E S K HATRONYKS .J AFTER PED!T PEDIT Select polyline or [Multiple]:(selec tiont) Enter an option gen/Reverse/Undo [Op en/Jo in I Wi dthI Edit ]: S .J vertexI Fit! Splin eI De curve I Ltype Enter an option [OpenI Join/Width gen/Reverse/Und o]: .J to end the I Edit vertex I FitI Spline command.

. Reverse: Reverses the order of vertices of the polyline. ���·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·� ' During PEDIT ' After PEDIT ' I I I ' ' . Use this option to reverse the direction of objects that use linetypes with included text. For example. ' '. Select polyline or [Multiple]: (selection1) Enter an option [Open/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit!Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Reverse/Undo]: D .J Enter an option [Open/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Reverse/Undo]: .j ' . the text in the linetype might be displayed upside down. When turned off. this option generates the linetype starting and ending with a dash at each vertex... P2 ' CAD DESK HATRONYKS . Ltype Gen does not apply to polylines with tapered segments. Command: Rectangle Alias : REC Home Tab ---7 Draw Panel ---7 Rectangle 0 Use: To create rectangle. depending on the direction in which a polyline was created. .J to end the command LType Gen : Generates the linetype in a continuous pattern through the vertices of the polyline.

Specify first chamfer distance for rectangle: 10 . REC . .. / R5.0000 l Fillet : To draw filleted rectangle .0000 -------!.J Specify fillet radius of rectangle: 5 .J 1 0 . F .J �----.J RECTANG LE Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/ Elevation / Fillet/Thickness /Width] : (pick P 1 ) Specify other corner point or [Area / Dimensions/ Rotate] : (pick P2) There are many options i n rectangle: Chamfer : To draw chamfered rectangle..1.1 t 1 0.J Specify second chamfer distance for rectangle: 10 ...0000 C AD DESK HATRONYKS .

Rectang le width = 0.J RECTANG Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/ Elevation / Fillet/Thickness/Width ] : W .J Specify line width for rectangles <0. Thickness: To specify thickness of rectangle.5 rec . 5 . 0000>: .J Specify thickness for rectangle:] .J Rectangle w ith thickness Width: Specify width of rectangle .J Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation / Fillet/Thickness/Width] : mouseclick Specify other corner point or [Area/ Dimensions/ Rotation] : mouseclick ' CAD DESK HATRONYKS . T .

J RECTANG Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/ Elevation / Fillet/Thickness /Width] : E . RECTANG .0000 Rectangle on top is a elevated recta ngle rec .J Specify the elevation for rectangles <0.0000>: 3 . 0000>: 10 . 3 .J Specify other corner point or [Dimensions] : (pick a point to fix the orientation) CAD DESK HATRONYKS .J Specify width for rectangles <0. 0000>: 20 . Elevation : To create parallel plane to a object in a z axis .J Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/ Elevation/ Fillet/Thickness /Width] : Specify other corner point or [Area/ Di mensions/ Rotation] : Dimension : To draw rectangle by giving dimension .J Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/ Elevation / Fillet/Thickness /Width] : (pick a point) Specify other corner point or [Dimensions] : D .J Specify length for rectangles <0.

J RECTANG Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/ Elevation / Fillet/Thickness/Width] :pick a point Specify other corner point or [Area / Di mensions / Rotation] : A . 0000> : 10 .J Rotate : To create rotated rectangle . I� 1 0 . 0000>: 30 .J Calculate rectangle dimensions based on [Length/Width] < Length> : l . DOD CAD DESK TRAINING• PLACEMENT •SOFTWARE•CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS • .J Enter rectangle length <20. Area: To create rectangle by givi ng area & any one dimension (length or width ) .J Enter area of rectangle in current units < 1 00 .0000 rec .

Command: Hatch Alias : H Home Tab � Draw Panel � Hatch Use: Hatching is used for highlighting a certain area of the drawing according to the standard of which drawing discipline it is used for. t Select objects that enclose an area. HATRONYKS .es " Hatch Creat100 Bolsldaries • P. options are displayed. Choose from several methods to specify the boundaries of a hatch. t Specify boundary points using the -HATCH Draw option. �ch 1r�t"". and other parameters for hatches and fills. editing of hatch & different options related to hatch command.::pick a In this chapter you will get knowledge about Hatch.Poilts Holch Set Associative Annotative Match Close'f + 0 tl U . pattern. If you enter -hatch at the Command prompt.Use ClJ'rent � )"ngi• 0 ti A � � Pi:I. t Specify a point in an area that is enclosed by objects.ottern �1ties• Orgin � Optioos � Close The Hatch visor or Hatch and Gradient dialog box is displayed. It is also used to show the material of the object.. Hatch and Gradient Dialog Box Defines the boundaries.0000 OrJQil Propert.t:em tJ[2jl'lone � @ 1. or fill properties. tl Pottom .

objects that enclose areas within the outermost boundary are detected as islands. 0 0 X Internal point selected Hatch boundary Result If you turn on Island Detection. HATRONYKS • . List of Options The dialog box includes the following: t Hatch tab t Gradient tab t More Options section t Add: Pick Points t Add: Select Objects t Remove Boundaries t Recreate Boundary t View Selections t Display Boundary Objects t Options t Preview Add: Pick Points Determines a boundary from existing objects that form an enclosed area around the specified point. How HATCH detects objects using this option depends on which island detection method is specified.

' �� 0 '�� (A) �� �. �/� w��# � ' ��� . Outer. How HATCH detects objects using this option depends on which island detection method is specified..lA (B ) (C) The Normal. If an internal island is encountered. and Ignore options are also available from a shortcut menu by right-clicking in the drawing area while you specify points or select objects to define your boundaries. hatching or filling is turned off until another island within the island is encountered. Norm�l Jslond Detection Outer Island Detedion Ignore Island Detection No Island Detection Hatches or fills inward from the outer boundary. objects that enclose areas within the outermost boundary are detected as islands.. r ) Hatches or fills inward from the outer boundary. Ignores all internal objects and hatches or fills through them. CAD DESK TRAINING•PLACEMENT-SOFTWARE•CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS .Island detection methods (options) If you turn on Island Detection. This option hatches or fills only the specified area and leaves the internal islands unaffected.

BEFORE HATCH AFTER HATCH Each time you click Add: Select Objects. Selection to remove boundary During command After command HATRONYKS • . Remove Boundaries Removes from the boundary definition any of the objects that were added previously. lnteri objects are not automatically detected. Add: Select Objects Determines a boundary trorn selected objects that form an enclosed area. HATCH clears the previous selection set. You must select the objects within the selectee boundary to hatch or fill those objects according to the current island detection style.

Note : This option is available only in the Hatch Edit dialog box and replaces the View Selections option. Displays the currently defined boundaries with the current hatch or fill settings. Use the displayed grips to modify the hatch boundaries. CAD DES � HATRONYKS . Click in the drawing area or press Esc to return to the dialog box. behind the hatch boundary. A hatch or fill that is associative is updated when you modify its boundary objects. Right-click or Jress Enter to accept the hatch or fill. Display Boundary Objects Selects the objects that form the boundaries of the selected associative hatch object.)�J?littJ2i]���sc9�d. Layer: Assigns new hatch objects to the specified layer. Separate Hatches: Controls whether a single hatch object or multiple hatch objects are created when several separate closed boundaries are specified. Inherit Properties: Hatches or fills specified boundaries using the hatch or fill properties of a selected hatch object. Associative: Specifies that the hatch or fill is associative. or in front of the hatch boundary. Options Control several commonly used hatch pattern or fill pattern. Annotative: Specifies that the hatch is annotative.l. Select Use Current to use the current object transparency setting. . and optionally associates the hatch object with it. Transparency: Sets the transparency level for new hatch or fills. in front of all other objects. Select Use Current to use the current layer. overriding the current layer. You can place a hatch or fill behind all other objects. overriding the current object transparency. Draw Order: Assigns a draw order to a hatch or fill.int_���1<?.IJ. After selecting the hatch object whose properties you want the hatch to inherit. This property automates the process of scaling annotations so that they plot or display at the correct size on the paper. This option is available only when a boundary has been defined. Recreate Creates a polyline or region around the selected hatch or fill.Qt�f. �l�)<.��- right-click in the drawing area and use the options on the shortcut menu to switch Preview: Displays the currently defined boundaries with the current hatch or fill settings.�( f?_�. 'J'e1WEflfr'rLtRf>.

H -:-pI--. user-defined..tem variable) Send Behnd Bound<!! Lejler Hatclr orrgn Uae Cuuenl v 0 Use cunenl origin ('.ove 16 0Annotatrve BO<nderv "'' 0 Create separote hetche• Curren! voewporl v @!il New Controls 'Ahelh<r • s"'ll< h•tch obJect cr rd!Pie hotch cbrects ete Draw order creeted "hen se•e•. . '-'Hatch and Gradient lEJ � Graclent Ifl±jJ BO'. A custom pattern is a pattern that is defined in any custom PAT files that you have added to the search path. Hatch Tab (Hatch and Gradient Dialog Box) Defines the appearance of the hatch pattern to be applied. pattern. CAD DES K HATRONYKS • . Predefined patterns are stored in the acadlt.1 ® List of Options The following options are displayed : Type and Pattern Specifies the hatch's type.pat or acadltiso.. or custom hatch pattern.14 IUAuoci.. 0 u .. User-defined patterns are based on the current linetype in your drawing.pat files supplied with the program. I ( HPSEPAPATE sy..ol se�ar ote closed bound•nes >re spec#ed. color.I>dories poontsp lskond· y p and pattefn Add Pick 01olond deJection Type � Add Selecl obJecls Patt etn CokM. and background color. • Use Curren! v IZl " Swatch [� 801�y 'etentiOf'l � U Aelen boundaries ArJg e Mid :ca!o:o Oproo Object rype S�le poooo Angle .ce hatch orrgn 0 Spectlled cxrgrn U�e Current [r2J lnhent Propertte� �I Concel I 'I -:-:-.)Use current 0t1gin Trans�rency. Type Specifies whether to create a predefined.

The most rec ently used custom til'X· . can preview image s for all predefi ned Hatch Color Overrides the curr ent color with a spe cified color for hatc h patterns and soli d fills. new hatch objects.lfgtcl! U&rar attern.preview The Custom Pattern option is patterns appear at custom. an SOLID to create so d other industry-st lid fill. ANSI35 ANSI36 ANSI37 AR-CONC 00 AR-HBONE � giJ � AR-PARQ1 ANSI38 AR-8816 AR-B816C v Displays the Hatch Library in which you patterns. Select fined.IP .t<:. Pattern Displays a selectio n of ANSI. only when Type is set to Prede- � ANSI35 � ANSI36 � 11\ ANSI37 1.!s . ISO. Background Color Specifies the back ground color for background color. images for all custom CAD D E S K HATRONYKS .tenrs� h!51' Yllli' cifn.. Choose None to turn off the Swatch Displays a preView of the selected p displiJylilt'.tl' al. ns.W . The Pattern andard hatch patte option is available rns.'\ SOLID ANGLE 0 ANSI31 ANSI38 � AR-8816 � AR-8816C � � / / � ANSI32 ANSI33 ANSI34 � AR-888 AR-BRELM � ffj � g&] AR-BRSTD .t . CI ick the swatch to Custo m Pattern y: _ists the availab le cus tom patter �he top of the list. DISplays ava ilable only whe the Hatch LJ_b n TJ P_e .

creating a crosshatch. are meant to be aligned with a point on the hatch boundary. By default. Spec\fles an angle for the hatch pattern relatlve to the X axis Angle of the current ucs. such as brick patterns. This option is available only when Type is set to Predefined or Custom. This option is available only when Type is set to User Defined. HATRONYKS • . Scale Expands or contracts a predefined or custom pattern. Click to Set New Origin Specifies the new hatch origin point directly. Angle and Scale Specifies an angle and scale for the selected hatch pattern. Double For user-defined patterns. Choices include each of the four corners of the extents and its center Store as Default Origin Stores the value of the new hatch origin in the HPORIGIN system variable. Hatch Origin Controls the starting location of hatch pattern generation. Some hatches. all hatch origins correspond to the current UCS origin. Default to Boundary Extents Calculates a new origin based on the rectangular extents of the boundary for the hater object. draws a second set of lines at 90 degrees to the original lines. Specified Origin Assigns a new hatch origin using the following options.

:olor Swatches :Jecifies the colors for the gradient fill (either one color or two colors).ecifies a fill that uses a smooth transition between two colors. you can select an AutoCAD Color Index Cl) color. Hotch Grad�enl 8""""""'' C<il01 Pick pOOle 01�ond delectron � Add OOne cola 0Twocclol Island dioplay style Select ob10cto 0 Coloi1 Colol2 • i) Outer ')lgn01e Bot.-y retentiOn 0 Aelall"' boondanes Opt""'• Object �we· 0Annotative B"""""y :e! 0ActOC1obvO 0 Creote oepa�ote hotcheo C<Mrent VlOWPO't v @!iJ New Gaptoloronce Draw 01der Send Belmd Boundary v T oleranco: 0 0000 unite Layer ln11er<opbom 0Centered Angle.nd. CAD DESK HATRONYKS . ] to display the Color Palette dialog box.. '-'Hatch and Gradient � l:londt � Add. .. Click the Browse _ ton[..l'reri Oftglf'l T ranspcuenc.. or color book. One Color Specifies a fill that uses a smooth transition between a color and a specified tint (the color mixed with white) or between a color and a specified shade (the color mixed with Jlack).v· 0 Use SOUI'ce Mtch ong�n Use Current 0 .J [QJ lnllerrt Properties OK I [ Cancel I [ Help I� Color Specifies whether to fill the hatch boundary with a monochormatic or two-color blend.wo Color . 0 U:..eCunent @ Use cl. true color..Gradient Tab (Hatch and Gradient Dialog Box) Defines the appearance of the gradient fill to be applied.

.e. ''1 Hatch Edit � Hotch Gradient Bound�. D�play bound01y obiecl• Angle ..0000 Boundaly set New 0 Sepaate hatches Draw order: Gep loleronce � [oo Not Change T oler�nce units Loyer lnhe�<opbom Halch 0191' (!) Use cunenl 01igi> 0 Use CUllen! OIIIJOl Tr.J After selecting hatch.J Hatchedit Select hatch object : select hatch by mouseclick .ce hatch 01igin [__o_J (!) Specifred 01igin [ByLayer � Click lo sel new origin [!2] 0 Default to bounday exlerls tme.< Plope�tiet J I I I I I@ 0 Slcxe as delauk origin Preview OK Cancel H� Now you can edit existing hatch.nspaency 0 Use ._. Add Select obiecls Pattern: ANSI31 ON onM [g) v Remove boundane$ Col01: •slue v !Ziv Swatch: w. Command: Hatchedit Alias : He Use: Modifies an existing hatch & fill..PP� [BJ Recteate boundaly (!)Outer Otgn01e � Boundoly reteriJOil . HATRONYKS • . He .. Island Type and patte�n 8 Add: Pick point• O Predefined l•land display style: [f) Type.00 scale Dpllons Obiect type: Angle: Scole: ro 1. hatch dialog box open for editing.

J Note : If mirror hatch value is 1 its mirror hatch.-� ethod for creating a region or polyline �ing a specified point within an area �"{JJ .-wpo. and island detection r�'t Boundary Creation . :>oundary set. Qbject type: ('POlyline v] 8 oundary set oundary Retention efines the type of boundary object @Wen-t vie. Command: Boundary Alias : BO Home Tab ---7 Draw Panel ---7 Boundary 0 - Use : Defines the object type. �Island getection ick Points Boundary retention etermines a boundary from existing �::>jects that form an enclosed area :.. - Source object Mirrorthatch = 0 Mirrorthatch = 1 MIRRHATCH .Eick Points e closed by objects. If mirror hatch value is 0 its donot mirror will be created from the enclosed �ea and how enclosed areas are -= :e ected.J Enter new value for M IRRHATCH <I> : 0 .round the specified point.-r-t � [%] New . OK II Cancel I[ Help HATRONYKS . Command: Mirror Hatch Alias : Mirrhatch Use: This is system variable use to control mirroring of hatch.

Retain Boundaries Controls whether the objects created are retained after the dialog box is closed. Selecting­ option discards any current boundary set. Object Type Controls the type of the new boundary object. Current Viewport Defines the boundary set from everything in the current viewport extents. Boundary Set Defines the set of objects boundary analyzes when defining a boundary from a speci point. New Prompts you to select the objects that define the boundary set.J Pick internal points: mouse click � Island f!etection Boundary retention . Island Detection Controls whether boundary detects internal closed boundaries. called islands. BO .Qbject type: �olyline =a Boundary set I Current viewport New VI � ( OK 2) [ Cancel ] ( Help CAD DESK TRAINING-PLACEMENT•SOFTWAR&CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS • . boundary creates the boundary as region or a polyline object. bouna­ includes only the objects that can be used to create a region or closed polyline whe­ constructs the new boundary set.

J REGIO N Select object: · Command: Explode Alias :X �specified Home Tab� Draw Panel� Explode @J jJ j Use: To Break a compound objects or regioned objects in to segmented object.J EXPLODE boundary Select object: e when it CAD DESK HATRONYKS . Command: Region Alias : REG Home Tab� Draw Panel� Region jj@}j Use: To convert an object that encloses an area into a region object. REG. X. Its a dimen- sional areas you create from closed shapes & loops.

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2. R.063-20 THO 3.0 JAM NUT 1.75Q X 2 DOD CAD DESK HATRONYKS . 010.

CAD DESK HATRONYKS • . columns. and levels. Array Command: Array gg Alias : Ar Home Tab ---7 Modify Panel ---7 Array • Use: Create copies of objects in rectangular & polar (circular) arrangement.J Array Select objects: Use an object selection method Enter array type [Rectangular /PAth /POlar]<Rectangular>: Enter an option o� press Enter Rectangular: Distributes copies of the selected object into any combination o'" rows. Ar.

J Enter the number of rows or [Expression] < 1> : 5 .0000>: 10 . Spacing: In this option you specify distance between rows.J Specify the incrementing elevation between rows or [Expression] <0. rray ssociativity Associative: Arrays are treated as a single array object. which is helpful when you want to modify spacing.J Specify the distance between columns or [Total/Expression] < 1. distance between columns.J Enter the number of columns or [Expression] <I> : 6 .J Select grip to edit array or [ASsociative/Base point/COUnt/Spacing/COLumns/Rows/ Levels/eXit]<eXit>: R . CAD DESK HATRONYKS TRAlNING•PLACEMENT •SOFTWARE•CONSULTANCY .J Count: In this option you specify number of rows & columns both. -noob EJS' 8.J Array Select objects: Use an object selection method Enter array type [Rectangular /PAth /POlar]<Rectangular>: R .5000>: 8 . or replace or modify the source object.0000>: . Non Associative : If an array is non-associative.J Specify the distance between rows or [Total/Expression] <7.J Type = Rectangular Associative= Yes Select grip to edit array or [ASsociative/Base point/COUnt/Spacing/COLumns/Rows/ Levels/eXit]<eXit>: COL . each copied item is treated as a separate object.00 t D LO D D D D D [D D D D D D Rows D D D D Row offset D D D D D D Columns Ar. angles. Editing one item does not affect the other items.

t Key Point For associative arrays. Creates an array by copying the selected objects around a specified center point or axis of rotation. AR .J Select grip to edit array or [ASsociative/Base point/Items/Angle between/Fil angle/ROWs/Levels/ROTate items/eXit]<eXit>: Center Point Specifies the point around which to distribute the array items. Base Point t Specifies a base point for the array. specifies a valid constraint (or key point) on th= � source objects to use as the base point. If you edit the source objects of tr= TM � Eii CAD DESK TRAINING•PLACEMENT•SOFTWARE•CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS • . t Base Point Specifies a base point for positioning the objects in the array.J ARRAY Select objects: Specify opposite corner: 3 found Select objects: Enter array type [Rectangular/PAth/POlar] <Rectangular>: PO .J Type = Polar Associative = No Specify center point of array or [Base point/Axis of rotation]:mouseclick Select grip to edit array or [ASsociative/Base point/ Items/Angle between/Fil angle/ROWs/Levels/ROTate items/eXit] <eXit>: I . The axis of rotation is th� Z axis of the current UCS.J Enter number of items in array or [Expression] <6> : 8 .

. you can quickly propagate changes throughout the array by editing the properties and source objects.ectlon dose Aney I (c. With an associative array.ties Close ""'Y.ntrols whether items are rotated as they are arrayed.0000 � o0o 0o0 +o O ooo 0o'(J �18.0000 Items Rows • Levels Prope.tween: I 1. e. Items Specifies the number of items in the array using a value or expression. -m Angle : ecifies the angle between the first and last item in the array using a value or = pression. :or axis Axis of Rotation Specifies a custom axis of rotation defined by two specified points. resulting array. the base point of the array remains coincident with the key point of the source objects. Changes t� one item do not affect the other items. Levels: � e. ngle Between -::>ecifies the angle between items using a value or expression. aa " a aa �Items: [. 11:1 Toto!: � Tote!: Poler I Fil: 360 3. -xit = ls the command. • Yes : Contains array items in a single array object.1368 <q.1368 1. No : Creates array items as independent objects.tween: 6 60 �Rows: ::1 Between: 3. 'Jote : When defining the fill angle in an expression.o � � Assoclotive Base Poot Roteteltems O. Associative Specifies whether the arrayed objects are associative or independent. ·nt) on the _ ts of the HATRONYKS . the (+ or -) mathematical symbol in the resultant value does not affect the direction of the array. similar to a block. otate Items .

Witr - associative array. Ar . No : Creates array items as independent objects. similar to a block.J Array Select objects: Use an object selection method(selection 1) Select path curve: Use an object selection method(selection 2) Enter array type [Rectangular /PAth /POlar]<Rectangular>: PA . :­ polyline. circle. spline.J Select grip to edit array or [ASsociative /Method/Base point /Tange­ direction/ltems /Rows /Levels I Align items /Z direction /eXit <eXit>: Select a grip or option Path Curve Specifies the object to use for the path of the array. t Yes : Contains array items in a single array object. Changes to one item do - affect the other items. After selecting objects to array and a path curve for the objects to follow. or ellipse. polyline. helix. You can also use the Properties Inspector to set the properties of the new arra while it is being created. 2 3 This is Path option in ARRAY command. Associative Specifies whether the arrayed objects are associative or independent. Select a line. the Create Array visor for path arrays is displayed. you can quickly propagate changes throughout the arra� _ editing the properties and source objects. HATRONYKS • . arc.

You can also turn :m Fill Entire Path so that the number of items is adjusted if the length of the path ::hanges.elative to the path .Method Controls how to distribute items along the path . terns )epending on the Method setting. By default. Distance Between Items Along Path (Available when Method equals Measure) Jsing a value or expression. Base Point Defines the base point of the array. CAD DESK TRAINING•PLACEMENT•SOrTWARE•CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS . Divide : Distributes a specified number of items evenly along the length of the path . .e array is populated with the maximum number of items that fill the path using the istance entered . Number of Rows: Sets the number of rows. You can specify a smaller number of items if desired. specifies how many items are in the array. Number of Items Along Path (Available when Method equals Divide) Using a lfalue or expression. Base Point : Specifies a base point for positioning the items in the array.. The vector of the two points establishes the tangency of the first ·tern in the array.. 2 Points Specifies two points that represent the tangency of the arrayed items . controls whether the other items in the array 'lla intain a tangent or parallel orientation. specifies the number of items or the distance between ems. Key Point : For associative arrays.ecifies the number of rows in the array. specifies the distance between arrayed items. the base point of the array remains coincident with the key point of the source objects. specifies a valid constraint (or key point) on he source objects to align with the path . Tangent Direction Specifies how the arrayed items are aligned relative to the path . The Align Items setting. If you edit the source objects or path of the resulting array. the distance between them. Items in path arrays are positioned relative to the base point. Measure: Distributes items along the path at specified intervals. ows . and the incre­ ental elevation between row. Normal: Orients the arrayed objects with the Z axis of the current UCS.

Total : Specifies the total distance between the fi rst and last levels. Levels Specifies the number and spacing of levels for 3D a rrays . Total:Specifies the total distance between the start and end row. Incrementing elevation Sets the i ncreasing or decreasin g elevation for each subsequent row.<{:5 �� Orientation = tangent <(/' align to path = yes V Z Direction Controls whether to mai ntain the items' original Z direction or to naturally bank thee items along a 3D path. Exit Exits the command . b&E3-E3--E1-��=::t �� 1><. Align Items Specifies whether to align each item to be tangent to the path direction . Distance Between Levels : Specifies the distance between the levels.. HATRONYKS . Expression : Derives a value using a m athematical formula or equation . Number of Levels : Specifies the number of levels in the array. Distance Between Rows: Specifies the distance between each row. measured from equivalent locations on each object. Expression: Derives the value based on a mathematical formula or equation . measured from equivalent locations on the start and end objects. Alignment is relative to the first item's orientation .


. DT . If you specify rotation angle its rotate text.J Specify rotation angle of text <0> : . You can use single-line text to create orE more lines of text. where each text line is an independent object that you can m� format.J or specify angle. Text & Tables Command: Text (Single line text) Alias : Dt Home Tab ---7 Annotation Panel ---7 Single line text IAI. 2000 Annotative: No Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style] : mouse click (P1) Specify height <0. 2000>: 1 ..""' I Use: To write text in the drawing.. HATRONYKS .J TEXT Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 0. or otherwise modify..

can also ente r any of thes e opti o n s
Justify: Cont rols justi ficat ion of the text . You
�-the Specify Start Point of Text.
Curre nt text style: "Stand ard" Text height : 0.2000 Annot ative:

Specify start poi nt of text or [Justify/Style]: J .J
Enter an option [Align/Fit/Ce nterI Middle /Right /TL!TC /TR/MLI
� /BR]: A .J
Specify first endpoin t of text baseline: mouseclick (P1)
Specify secon d endpoin t of text baseline: mouseclick (P2)

.....E!!.:.. Description about options of justify a re given b elow:

Align: Specifies both text height and text orie � tation b � design �ting the
. .
m proport10n to the1r he1ght .
_ points of the baseline. The size of the characters adJusts
-e longer the text string, the shorter the characters .

>f.utoCAD 2013 Referecce Boo�s<
P1 P2

Fit: Specifies that text fits withi n an a rea and at a n orientation d efined with two
: _; ts and a height. Available for horizontally oriented text o nly.
The height of the characters remains consta n t .

�utoCAD is a drafing sofwar�
P1 P2
Center: Aligns text from the horizonta l center of t h e baseli n e , which you s pecify
a point.

The rotatio n a ngle specif ies the o rienta tion of the text b aseli ne
with respec t to
- = cente r poi nt. You can d esigna te the
a ngle by specif ying a poi nt. The text baseli ne
- from the start point towar d the speci fied point . If you
speci fy a point to the left o f
- enter point , the text i s d rawn upsid e down .
Middle: Align s text at the horizonta l cent er
of the base line and the v e rtica l
- -er of the heigh t you spec ify. Midd le-aligne
d text does not rest on the b aseli ne .



The Middle option differs from the MC option i n that it uses the midpoint of a
text, including descenders. The MC option uses the midpoint of the height of uppercase

Right: Right-justifies the text at the baseline, which you specify with a point.

TL (Top Left): Left-justifies text at a point specified for the top of the text.
Available for horizontally oriented text only.
TC (Top Center): Centers text at a point specified for the top of the text.
Available for horizontally oriented text only.
TR (Top Right): Right-justifies text at a point specified for the top of the text
Available for horizontally oriented text only.
ML (Middle Left): Left-justifies text at a point specified for the middle of tr�
text. Available for horizontally oriented text only.

P1 Xl\utoCAD
MC (Middle Center): Centers the text both horizontally and vertically at t �
middle of the text. Available for horizontally oriented text only.

The MC option differs from the Middle option in that it uses the midpoint of
height of uppercase letters. The Middle option uses the midpoint of all text, includil"!
MR (Middle Right): Right-justifies text at a point specified for the middle of
text. Available for horizontally oriented text only.



BL (Bottom Left): Left-justifies text at a point specified for the baseline.
Avai lable for horizontally oriented text only.

BC (Bottom Center) Centers text at a poi nt specified for the baseline. Avai lable
,.or horizontally oriented text only.

BR (Bottom Right): Right-justifies text at a point specified for the baseline.
vailable for horizontally oriented text only.

Specifies the text style, which determines the appearance of the text characters.
t Text you create uses the current text style.
t Enteri ng? lists the current text styles, associated font files, height, and other

Note: Firstly you create different types of text styles by Text Style command to use this
- option .

Command: Text Style
Alias : ST
Home Tab ---t Annotation Panel ---t Text Style
Annotate Tab ---t Text Panel---t Manage Text Styles
Use: To create, modify & specify text styles.


Height : To specify height of text. Italic. Upside Down : The effect of upside down is given below: IAll styles Effects I � Upside down I D Backwards Vertrcal Backwards: The effect of backwards is given below: Effects All styles 0 Upside down HATRONYKS . Regular. L Width Factor : To specify width factor of text. Font style : Use to set font style like Bold. Font Name: Use to select different types of fonts.

. FontStl!le: 1 l1t Times New Roman -� J Regular v i New.ent tell! s4lo. Slondofd �l)ieo. Font A Anroi>Mve Slondofd .lfdh Foctot: 1. '. 1 jAN styles v i Effects 0Upsid§down �iclth Factor: 11.lose l( !felp TM CAD DESK HATRONYKS .!XXXJ Effoctr 0Upsq00..W H� fo. 0 Upsid!l down 0Bacls. Oblique Angle: To give angle to a text.!XXXJ QbiqueAn!je: 0 l '''Text Style [RJ Current text style: style 1 �tyles: ont A Annotative fontName: Set �urrent ] ?..0000 0 Bac!swards .wards v •t al New: To create new text style.l FontS� Regt.. C.. J Qelete rd� Size 0Annotaljve 3 t1 n!lt!IOn :.Qblique Al'lQie: Veri!C� jo !.

u Text Style � Cuuent text style: Stan&rd 11 11 ..tyles: Font A Annotative set �rent IStM>dard !1 font Name: FontSt�: I l '.._.If Atial v New.oiiil _:] .J MTEXT Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 1.201_ 3 _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _____ _ HATRONYKS ... Mt. Command: Multiline Text Alias : Mt OR T Home Tab� Annotation Panel� Multiline text A..S.0000 Annotative: No Specify first corner: mouse click Specify opposite corner or [Height/Justify/Line spacing/ Rotation/Style/ Width/ Columns] : mouse click Auto CAD . Set Current: To make any text style current.. Use: You use multiline text for longer notes ft labels with i nternal formatting. v [Regula style1 Srze Het!H �0000 � 0Annotative An styles v Eflects 0 Upsod� down 'fidh Fact01: 0Bac]swards [1..Qblique Angle: [o Delete: To delete unnecessary text style.

To override the current text style. double-click the word . On the ribbon. (b) Click in the drawi ng outside the editor. in the Close panel. !AI :=.. triple-click the paragraph. • • �atlon t§:. or to create underlined. (c) To select a paragraph. M @ � "!/ g � Gt • � ll 0 . • RepWe 3. Enter text. Click Other to display the Select Color dialog box. S I �· Check DldJonanes " · Por•OIIh • Insert 5pel Check • Tools • Options 0ose If you want to use a text style other than the default... [j!Je § §. o&-I= · p. (c) To format text in a TrueType font with boldface or italics. make format changes as follows: (a) To change the font of the selected text. (c) Press CTRL+ENTER.-: Fild & §] [g!)• . (b ) To change the height of the selected text. click the corre­ sponding button on the ri bbon. SHX fonts do not support boldface or italics. overlined. on the ribbon. click and drag the pointing device over the characters . select text as follows: (a) To select one or more letters. click Close Text Editor. select a font from the list. Text panel. (d ) To apply color to selected text. enter a new value in the Height box.. Select the desired text style from the drop-down list.Bylayer MtlicotJon J? • Cobms Synboi Field 5pel E. . or strike through text for any font.. click the Annotate tab. use one of the following methods: (a) On the MTEXT ribbon contextual tab. I8I :: . (b ) To select a word. To save your changes and exit the editor. . choose a color from the Color list.:sor of multiline text B I 'li:Ariol . CAD DESK TRAINING•PLACEMENT•SOFTWARE•CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS .

ED .J AutoCAD OAOotuA Mirrtext .� HATRONYKS . mtext.J I Enter new value for MIRRTEXT <0> : 1 . Command: Mirror Text Alias : Mirrtext Use: Controls mirror reflect of text. or the text in a dimension object. Scaletext .AQ. Have you ever mirrored text and it was backwards and looked as if it was beir _ seen through the rear-view mi rror of your car? Well this is how you fix that. or dimension object.� QA§o§.J MTEDIT Select an annotation object: Select a text.J � TM £1 �. Note: You can edit text by double click on text.J AutoCAD I AutoCAD Command: Scale Text Alias : Scaletext Annotate Tab --7 Text Panel--? Scale Text I !ill Sc�ie Use: To scale text. Command: Text Edit Alias : ED Use: Edits a selected multiline or single-line text object.J Enter new value for MIRRTEXT :0 . Change the System Variable MIRRTEXT: • <0> keeps the text readable after being mirrored • <1 > mirrors the text direction Mirrtext .

.!: __... and press Enter when you finish Enter a base point option for scaling[Existing/Left/Center/Middle/Right/TLI -:..Q5. Command: Spelling Alias : Sp Annotate Tab ---7 Text Panel ---7 Check Spell Use: To check the spelli ng. Sp.. If the new length is less than the reference length.J 1•01eck Spelling rg) '-'Check Spelling � Where to chedc 1�� --ed_oo��----------�v�l @hl �� Not In dictionary: der I Add to Dl<tlon!lry I deer c� doer dear ChanQeAI derv ChanQeAI IL-Amerlc �en.edfy a text heigh t or enter an option You can only specify a model height for non-annotative objects.. Reference: Scales the selected text objects relative to a reference length and a --= length.annotative). Model Height: Paper Height: Scales the text height depending on the annotative property..only specify a paper height for annotative objects. 5000>: ::. Match Object: Scales the objects that you origi nally selected to match the size of : selected text object..� [ ____________ Di<tlona. The selected text is scaled by a ratio of the values that you entered for the -: length and the reference length. 6 � GLJ If the spelling is i ncorrect spell command make it correct. Settklgs..... Select objects: Use an object selection method.TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR]<Existing>: Specify a location to serve as a base point for -�aling OR . I 3ol::r..rie< . . This option only affects like objects ( annotative or .ecified new length.E.J Specify new model height or [Paper height/Match object/Scale factor] < 0. Scale Factor: Scales the selected text objects based on a reference length and a -:. HATRONYKS . - _selected text objects are reduced in size.. nglsh . You .

---.' Specify window 5]2 Insert opt1ons 0 Start from empty table 0 Column width: 0 From a data link 0 From object data1n the drawing (Data Extraction) (!) Data rows: 0 Row height: 3 Llne(s) 0Preview § 3 --'" Set eel styles Title F1rst row cell style: (-le.In d rawings you need to d raw some data tables to show different•r . set cell styles & press OK. When you create a table... *.. column width Et row height. T �I-_ b l- a_ e--- _ � .. the number o columns and rows created is determined by the two points picked to define the size o· the table. Data All other row cell styles: Data Data Data D-. --------. It can be created from an empty table or a table style.-.- . Command: Table Alias : TB Annotate Tab� Tables Panel� Table P Use: To create new table or to modify existing.--�---_-------------------------------... . After can specify insertion point of table on viewport.. Header Data Data Data Second row eel style: Data Oat. legends related to drawings. By table command you can easily create tables by specifying number of rows & columns. Data o. TB � ! nse-- �... (A) Specify insertion point: I n this type of insertion you can specify number of columns. A table is a compound object that contains data i n rows and columns.----ID-- TablE> style lnse•tt·n behaviOr Standard SpeCIFy insertion po1nt 1 ".tll Data Data Data Dlltl Data Datil Data Data Data Data Data Data It 5 OK Jlt Cancel J I Het Insertion Behavior: There are two types to insert table i n a drawing. III(:Ao OESit � TRAINING• PLACEMENT•SOFTWARE• CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS .

...� Dllta Data Dillie o• Dlllll 011111 Select table to start froot vj General Table direction: rDown ----- '--- Fill color: jo None _3 Atignment: jMiddle Center VI ----. � ��...-... Siondard Sior. Title �r Hellder Data oa Dill Dill Dlllll Ollla List Dlllll 011111 Dllla Dllla [Ag.osoo Dltll Dltll Cilia Dltll Dltll Cilia 0 Merge cells on row/column creation Dltll Dltll Dllll Cell style preview Dltll Dltll Dltll Help CAD DES� HATRONYKS . specify properti t-fitf.lard I Set C.... set cell styles & press OK...3) Specify window: : I n this type of insertion you can specify number of rows Et columns.. To create new table style: TB . Hiatt.. After that you can specify tow points on viewport to define size of table.J �1 lnse<tlon behavior 0 Spedy �n point y Insert opbons @ :i_tort fromempty table 0Fromadatatrl< Styles: F'tevleWof.. Dltll oat.osoo Margons Dlllll Dlllll Dllla Horizontal: 011111 Dltll ... Hiatt..renl J 0Fromobject data n the drawno (Oat New.. ON Vertical: jo. Modify.-------" Dltll Dltll Cilia header& Data jo. Fo rma t: General 0 Title Type: Label .

. Make sure you your Text Styles defined first. This preview is used in the other dialog boxes as well. .. ) i n your custom style.CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS . etc . etc ... You can define the parameters (color. etc.. borders. etc. etc . ----- A 8 I lfArlal Gr· IAI • � . LAST ROW 60" X 72" 8 0 CAD DESK TRAINING . .. @ ��g .. Text 0·2500 u Q 0By9ock �ation CoUms 5ylrbol Rejd Spel E.SOFTWARE . etc. So now that you have defined your table style.. Anyone who has usee simple spreadsheet will be able to use this.. Fnd & � • style * [l Chec � Oictions1es Replace ·0 • 9yie FormattinG • Pora<Jraph • Insert Spel Cl-«k Close My Title HEAD 1 SIZE QTY Data ROW 1 30" X 10" 3 DATA ROW 2 21" X 1 8" 2 etc. One major d rawback is that there is formula function in the table..PlACEMENT .. I:). text height. you can insert one i nto the drawing enter data using the Mtext editor and tabbing through the cells.

The correct use of AutoCADs dimension tools is the key to cing clear and concise measured drawings. click on the appropriate button on the Find toolbar below. have �an .ed is nc Dimensions - _chapter describes the options and commands available for dimensioning drawings : ow to use them. 10 length H Dimension . If you just need to quickly fi nd a �nption of the various dimension commands.a C AD DES� TRAINING 'PLACEMENT SOFTWARE •coNSULTANCY HATRONYKS . nev.

Dli . or rotated dimens line... This command replaces the DIMHORIZONTAL and DIMVERTICAL commands.J dimlinear Specify first extension line origin or <select object>: mouse click (P1) Specify second extension line origi n : mouse click (P2) Specify dimension line location or[ Mtext/Text/Angle I Horizontal/Vertical I P1. Command: Linear Dimension Alias : Dimlinear Or Dli H Annotate Tab ---7 Dimension Panel ---7 Linear Dimension """""""' Or H Home Tab ---7 Annotation Panel ---7 Linear Dimension � Use : Creates a linear dimension with a horizontal..P�2 .._------� Rotated]: H . 0000 Vertical: Creates vertical linear dimensions. vertical.J dimlinear Specify first extension line origin or <select object>: mouse click (P1) Cl\0 DESK HATRONYKS ._ �------- --- Dimension text = 8 Horizontal: Creates horizontal linear dimensions. Dli .:.J I• 10 ° Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Textl Angle] : mouse click (P3) Dimension text= 1 0.. Dli .J dimlinear Specify first extension line origin or <select object>: mouse click (P1) P3 Specify second extension line origi n : mouse click (P2) Specify dimension line location or[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/ Rotated] : mouse click (P3) .

J :::>ecify angle of dimension line <0> : mouse click (A 1) ::::>ecify second point: mouse click (A2) :::>ecify dimension line location or[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated] : use click (P3) .. 1---22 --.Place Text =.. -�"-. 1 Before angle After angle Mtext: Displays the I n .ension text= 1 0. which you can use to edit the ension text.rizontal/Vertical/Rotated] : R .ouse click (P1) ::::>ecify second extension line origin : mouse click (P2) /}000 :::>ecify dimension line location or[Mtext/Text/Angle/ . Rotated: i .."fy second extension line origin : mouse . ·or.J P2 :''lllinear // A2 ::::>ecify first extension line origin or <select object>: _. 0000 Angle: Changes the angle of the dimension text..ecify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: mouse click (P3) ·mension text = 10."fy dimension line location or CAD DESK HATRONYKS . ect>: mouse click (P1) .(P2) . Arft+-M Text editor DP3 box INEAR :: ·fy first extension line origi n or <select -. 0000 Creates rotated linear dimensions.ecify second extension line origin : mouse click (P2) -:::>ecify dimension line location or[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/ Rotated]: V ..

Angle options are same as linear di mensions. CAD DESK HATRONYKS . 9256 (this is actual dimension ) Select Object: Automatically determi nes the origin points of the first and second extension lines after you select an object.[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated] : M .J Specify dimension line location or[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/ Rotated]: specify point for location line Dimension text= 7.0000 P2 Note: Mtext. Command: Aligned Dimension Alias : Dimaligned Or Dal Annotate Tab� Dimension Panel� Aligned Dimension '\­ Or Home Tab � Annotation Panel� Aligned Dimension '\- Use: Creates a linear dimension that is aligned with the origin points of thE extension lines.J Specify dimension line location or[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]: mouse click (PJ) Dimension text= 7.J DIMLINEAR Specify first extension line origin or <select object>: mouse click Specify second extension line origin: : mouse click Specify dimension line location or[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/ Rotated] : T Enter dimension text <7. DLI . DAL . Text. 9256>: 8 . The generated dimension measurement is displayed within angle brackets.J DIMALIGNED Specify fi rst extension line origin or <select object>: mouse click (P1) Specify second extension line origin: mouse click (P2) Specify dimension line location or[Mtext/Text/Angle]: mouse click (PJ) Dimension text= 1 0. 9256 Text: Customizes the dimension text at the Command prompt.

and li nes. Objects that can be selected 1clude arcs. Command: Angular Dimension Alias : Dimangular Or Dan Annotate Tab ---7 Dimension Panel ---7 Angular Dimension � Or Home Tab ---7 Annotation Panel ---7 Angular Dimension _l Use: Measures the angle between selected objects.J :·marc Select arc or polyline arc segment: select by mouse click (P1) -::>ecify arc length dimension location. 9. circles. or [Mtext/Text/Angle/Partial/Leader]: mouse : ick (P2) ·mension text= 9. � P1 r-. or <specify vertex>: select by 'TJOUSe click (P1) Select second line: select by mouse click (P2) Specify dimension arc line location or :&ext/Text/Angle/Quadrant]: mouseclick (P3) )imension text= 60 P2 Command: Arc Length Alias : Dar Annotate Tab ---7 Dimension Panel ---7 Arc Length tf Or Home Tab ---7 Annotation Panel ---7 Arc Length If Use: To measures arc length of arc or the distance along arc & polyline arc segment.4697 AR. circle. line. JAN. 4697 HATRONYKS . among others.J imangular �elect arc.

.J dimarc / -.J Specify first point for arc length dimension: mouse click (P2) Specify second point for arc length dimension: mouse click (P3) Specify arc length dimension location . or [Mtext/Text/Angle/ Partial/Leader]: P . Mtext: Displays the In..Place Text Editor. 7349 Angle: Changes the angle of the dimension text. Partial: Reduces the length of the arc length dimension .. DAR.J dim radius Select arc or ci rcle: mouse click (P1) Dimension text= 3. Command: Radius Alias : Dimradius Or Ora Annotate Tab� Dimension Panel � Radius 0 Or Home Tab� Annotation Panel� Radius 0 Use: To give radius of circles & arcs. or [Mtext/Text/ Angle/Partial]: mouse click (P4) Dimension text= 4.7349 Select arc or polyline arc segment: select by mouse click (P1) Specify arc length dimension location. 0000 Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]:mouse click (P2) Command: Diameter Alias : Dimdiameter Or Ddi Annotate Tab� Dimension Panel� Diameter Or Home Tab� Annotation Panel� Diameter Use: To give diameter of circles & arcs... Dra ._ P4 " x4. which you can use to edit the dimension text.. You can give dimensior to any part of arc. By this you can change actual dimension of arclength like dim linear or other dimension types. CAD DESK HATRONYKS .

:e" endpoint or [Xdatum /Y datum I Mtext/Text/Angle]: mouse click (P2) 'l1 : To mark X Ordinate on a point. = _.�.00 :· ension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: _c (P2) _ ""mand: Ordinate s : Dimordinate Or Dor otate Tab� Dimension Panel� Ordinate Or e Tab� Annotation Panel� Ordinate : Ordinate dimensions measure the horizontal or vertical distance from an : called the datum to a feature.3 7...0 8... such as a hole in a part. P2 HATRONYKS .'e location: mouse click (P1) -=-er endpoint or � Text/Angle] : X .�--�----�--�� P1 1 I 0 6 2..0 =: .�or circle: mouse click (P1) o.4 .P1_ __________ __. e location: mouse click (P1) -.1 5.. These dimensions -a ating errors by maintaining accurate offsets of the features from the 1 . text= 6. _ : .io- =-eter =.J _ [Xdatum/ 1 O.1-f---{ P2 0 .7 10.

Dimjogged . Annotation Panel ____. Creates jogged radius dimensions when the center of an arc or ci rcle is located off the layout and cannot be displayed in its true location . Jogged 1' Use: DIMJOGGED measures the radius of the selected object and displays the dimension text with a radius symbol i n front of it.J DIMORDINATE Specify feature location: mouse click (P1) Specify leader endpoint or [Xdatum/Ydatum/Mtext/Text/Angle]: Y.Specify leader endpoint or [Xdatum/Ydatum/Mtext/Text/Angle]: mouse click (P2) Dimension text= 10. Dimension Panel ____. DOR .00 15.J Select arc or circle: Select an arc. or polyline arc segment Specify center location override: Specify a point Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: Specify a point or enter an op Command: Baseline Alias : Dimbaseline OR Dba Annotate Tab ____.J Specify leader endpoint or [Xdatum/ P1 Ydatum/Mtext/Text/Angle]: mouse click (P2) Dimension text = 15. The origi n point of the dimension line can be specified at any convenient location . Jogged 1' Or Home Tab ____. Dimension Panel ____.00 P2 Command: Jogged Alias : Dimjogged Annotate Tab ____. Baseline l=i HATRONYKS . circle. The origin point of the dimension can be specified at a more convenient location called the center location override.00 Ydatum :To mark Y Ordinate on a point.

To Use: dimension ..J _ ._. ordinate. enter an :·ion.1 -------�36:00 -----.. 1st to sth .1 _3A ......24:00 ---� -----.oo ·1--8-.-----'-...�ects from one base points li ke point to 2nd .. or angular : -nension(P1) :�cify a second extension line origi n or _ do/Select] <Select>: mouse click(P2) : -nension text 8.oo I CAD DESK HATRONYKS .o-o-1· 8.. ote: For Baseline dimension 4.L. or gular dimension -:ecify a second extension line ongm or _ do/Select] <Select>: Specify a point..J 1 _ CONTINUE :: ect conti nued dimension: Select a �ear.. 1st to 3rd .oo­ you give first dimension -a:oo- -1-2:00- 1 ----'1 6:00 -� by dimlinear or dimaligned & then give -----'20:00--� command dimbaseline. -----.___ _ _ ..o � 8.-. 40:00 -------. or press Enter to select a base dimension ::ecify feature location or [Undo/Select] <Select>: �Jse click Angular baseline dimensioning Command: Continue Alias : Dimcontinue OR Dco Annotate Tab ---7 Dimension Panel ---7 Continue ..baseline :: ect base di mension: Select a Linear. ordinate.L..-1 ------.. 1st to .oo ·la...---.. . • I n given example first . -32�00 ----.00 = ::&ify a second extension line origin or 1..nt is base point.t1 Use :To give chain dimension . :-o .2 8:00 ----+1 ------.. _ do/Select] <Select>: mouse click(P3) I· 8.

DIMBR .oo·l � After dimensioning Selection P1 Command: Break Alias : Dimbreak OR Dimbr Annotate Tab ---7 Dimension Panel ---7 Break i-<� Use : Breaks or restores dimension and extension lines where they cross otr objects.Dimension text= 8.oo•l• 8.SOFTWARE.00 Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: moust: wck(P4) Dimension text= 8. enter - option. and ordinate dimensio - among others.oo�l· s.oo t_ L'> � t_" I • D Jo I P2 P3 P4 Ps I• s.J DIMBREAK Select dimension to add/remove break or [Multiple]: Select a dimension.oo�l· s.00 Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: mouse click(P5) Dimension text = 8 .61 BEFORE APPLY DIMBREAK AFTER APPLY DIMBREAK CAD DESK TRAININO.PLACEMENT. or m . or press Enter 9.oo�l· 8. Dimension breaks can be added to linear. 00 After dimensioning s. angular.J Or pre: Enter Select object to break dimension or [Auto/Manual/Remove] <Auto>: Select an obje� that intersects the dimension or extension lines of the selected dimension.CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS .

: . 55 3R ... Any dimension :-eak created using this option is _ ated automatically when the ..J ct EAK m .ect dimension to add/remove break or [Multiple]: select dimension -=.J Manual: Places a dimension :::ak manually..e dimension or extension lines for -= ocation of the break..1 -=�·fy first break point: mouse click(P1) -:_·fy second break point: mouse click(P2) Remove: Removes all dimension breaks from the selected dimensions Command: Center Alias : Dimcenter Annotate Tab � Dimension Panel� Center ·> CAD DESK HATRONYKS .g objects are modified ...=c object to break dimension or [Auto/Manual/Remove] <Auto>: M . Auto: Places di mension breaks " __omatically at all the intersection � ts of the objects that intersect the _ -= ected di mension... or m.1pdated if the dimension or inter­ ::·._0�1 P2 :=aK at a time with this option .J Or press =-:er :-::= ect object to break dimension or [Auto/Manual/Remove] <Auto>: A .e nsion or an intersecting object is ified.J REAK == ect dimension to add/remove break or [Multiple] : Select a dimension. You specify two points . Any dimension 2r =ak that is created using this option is s. You can P1 place a single manual dimension 1. R.

I nspection dimensions specify how frequently manufac­ tured parts should be checked to ensure that the di mension value and tolerances of the parts are withi n the specified range.J Select arc or circle: mouseclick on circle Command: Inspect Alias : Diminspect Annotate Tab ---7 Dimension Panel ---7 Inspect 1.0000 B / "' During applying command After command CAD DESK HATRONYKS .J Selection 8. Before dimension After dimension dimcenter . DIMINSPECT Select di mensions: 1 found Select dimensions: .1 Use: Adds or removes inspection i nfor­ mation for a selected dimension . Use: C reates the center mark or the centerlines of circles and arcs.

and i nspection rate of the inspection dimension . Inspection Rate: Turns the display of the rate field on and off. Label Value: Specifies the label text. The i nspection rate is -: ayed i n the rightmost section of the inspection dimension when the Inspection Rate �= box is selected. Shape: Controls the shape of the frame that is drawn around the label. and the valid range is 0 to 100. The label is displayed in the leftmost __ on of the inspection dimension when the Label check box is selected .. the fields within the -�e are separated by vertical lines..:ields within the frame are separated by vertical lines. None: Specifies that no frame is d rawn around the values.. Remove Inspection: Removes the i nspection dimension from the selected 1ension . Angular: Creates a frame with lines that form a 90-degree angle on the two ends.xx!1oo%) Shape Label/Inspection rate @Round 0Label x. .xx 100% �Inspection rate 0None 1100% OK I [ Cancel I [ Help Round: Creates a frame with semi-circles on the two ends. the fields are not :-rated by vertical lines. Label/Inspection Rate: Specifies the label text and i nspection rate for an tion dimension . Select Dimensions: Specifies the dimensions that an i nspection dimension should ::added to or removed from . The -e is expressed as a percentage. r�1 Inspection Dimension (8] � Select dimensions Remove Inspection (x. CAD DESR HATRONYKS . di mension � . Label: Turns the display of the label field on and off. Inspection Rate Value: Specifies how frequently a part should be inspected .. e.

00 During command After command DIMSPACE � Select base dimension: mouseclick (P1) Select dimensions to space: mouseclick (P2) Select dimensions to space: � Enter value or [Auto] <Auto>: 1 � Notice second figure the distance between two dimensions is 1 . The resulting spac value is twice the height of the dimension text. -3.00 -e----. 6.00 8. P1 -3.00- 6. Command: Adjust Space Alias : Dimspace Annotate Tab ----7 Dimension Panel ----7 Adjust Space � Use: To adjust space between two linear & angular dimensions.00. DIMSPACE � Select base dimension: mouseclick (P1) Select di mensions to space: mouseclick (P2) Select dimensions to space: � Enter value or [Auto] <Auto>: A � HATRONYKS . Auto: Calculates the spaci ng distance automatically based o n the text specified in the dimension style of the selected base dimension .00 -El • P2 8.

6.00-. -3.--3. . B. Command: Quick Dimension Alias : Qdim Annotate Tab ----1 Dimension Panel ----1 Quick Dimension Use: To create a series of di mensions quickly from selected objects .-= ect geometry to di mension: Specify opposite corner: 1 found : ect geometry to dimension: :ecify dimension line position.00- Staggered Baseline: Creates a series of baseline di mensions.00 ------.2. Staggered: Creates a series of staggered dimensions. 8.00-l Baseline HATRONYKS .00 - Continuous: Creates a series of conti nued dimensions.J iative dimension priority Endpoint = .00 I .oo� -3.+--3. or [Continuous/Staggered/Baseline/Ordinate/ -=c·us/Diameter/datumPoi nt/Edit/seTtings] <Conti nuous>: .00-.

Feature control frames can be created with leader lines using TOLE� LEADER. CAD DESK HATRONYKS . Ordinate: Creates a series of ordinate dimensions . R1. or QLEADER.16 8 8 Diameter Datum Point : Sets a new datum point for baseline and ordinate dimensions Edit: Edits a series of dimensions. profile. You are prompted to add or remove points existing dimensions. ex:> ex:> ex:> ex:> � � � <0 0 "' <0 ex:> <0 <0 <0 <0 I I I I Ordmate Radius: Creates a series of radial dimensions.16 <)>2. and run out. orientation.08 R1.06 R1. <)>2. Settings: Sets the default object snap for specifying extension line origins. Command: Tolerance Alias : TOL Annotate Tab � Dimension Panel � Tolerance I!D Use: Creates geometric tolerances contained i n a feature control Geometric tolerances show acceptable deviations of form.08 8 8 Radius Diameter: Creates a series of diameter dimensions. lace.

The =o.08@ I A ·r . Second Box : Creates the tolerance value . These symbols act as modifiers to the geometric character­ : and the tolerance value of features that can vary in size.1 MAX I A HATRONYKS . ::-fy the second tolerance value in the same way as the first.:�r tolerance location: Sym : Displays the geometric characteristic symbol. ometric Tolerance dialog box iij Geometric Tolerance Sym Tolerance 1 Tolerance 2 DaM1 1 Dlllum2 Dat�m3 •• •• • • • • •• •• • • • • PIO)eded Tolen!nce Zone: • OK II Cancel II Help =�you select geometric characteristic symbols.08@ A ' Tolerance 1: Creates the first tolerance value i n the feature control frame. The dialog box is displayed when you select one of the Sym boxes. Click the box . <1> 0@ I <1> 0. Tolerance 2 : Creates the second tolerance value in the feature control frame. First Box : Inserts a diameter sym bol in front of the tolerance value.nce value indicates the amount by which the geometric characteristic can deviate -a perfect form . $-I <j>0 . the Geometric Tolerance dialog box s and the following prom pt is displayed: ='"ance . The symbol is inserted into C box for the fi rst tolerance value i n the Geometric Tolerance dialog box. Third Box : Displays the Material Condition dialog box ( page 738) . You can insert a diameter symbol before the tolerance value and a -:�rial condition symbol after it. Enter a value in the box. in which you · =-· a modifying symbol. 1-ED·I <j>0.ert the diameter symbol . which you select from the :::>Ol dialog box .

These symbols act as modifiers to the datum reference.05 A 0 Datum 3 :Creates the tertiary datum reference i n the feature control fra the same way as the primary datum reference.005 A 11. symbol is inserted into the MC box for the primary datum reference in the Geome­ Tolerance dialog box.o:. datum reference can consist of a value and a modifying symbol. cylinc_ other geometry can serve as a datum . A point. 0. Second Box : Displays the Material Condition dialog box (page 738).000 p Projected Tolerance Zone Inserts a projected tolerance zone symbol after the projected tolerance zone va _ <!> 0. HATRONYKS .-=--1111 letter.000 ® 1 Datum Identifier : Creates a datum-identifying symbol consisting of a . A datum is a theoretically exact geometric reference from which you can the location and tolerance zones of other features. in which select a modifying sym bol . <j>0. plane.05 M � First Box: Creates the datum reference value.-­ projected tolerance zone controls the variation in height of the extended portio fixed perpendicular part and refines the tolerance to that specified by positional - ances. <j>0.05 M A B 0 Height : Creates a projected tolerance zone value in the feature control fra. A datum is a theor - cally exact geometric reference used to establish the tolerance zone for a feature. li ne. Datum 2 : Creates the secondary datum reference in the feature control frarr= the same way as the primary datum reference.-ot. Datum 1 :Creates the primary datum reference i n the feature control frame. <j> 0..005 A 1 1.

---.8046_1' ---- j.-. Dimension line..... _. Alternate Units.17. Text....06D1 t. .i mension style is a collection of some settings that controls the appearance &format :=dimension like Primary Units. I New.Q207> I[ .ist: Description Standard All styles Close J ( !:!elp CAD DESK HATRONYKS . .. �ompare.. -: erance & Fit.. "". Command: Dimension Style Alias : D Annotate Tab ---7 Dimension Panel ---7 Dimension style Or Home Tab ---7 Annotation ---7 Dimension Style Use: To create new dimension style & modify existing dimension style . - r�t Dimension Style Manager � Current dimension style: Standard �tyles: Preview of: Standard Set C.Qverride. ..-Extension line org1n � ¥ "' I Leader � Object '---centermark .i___1 � dimension line rrowhead A Offset from . Extension line..1 1_1 1� \(\ 2 Modify. R0.8229 I� _ .. ... Dimension text Dimension line Extend beyond � .. .. .Yrrent J 1 -j1. . 8 {-�2.-.

1 C reate New Dime nsio n Style � N ew S tyle N ame: style1 II Co�nue ll Start With: S tandard v ] [ Cancel ) Help D Annotative U se for: [All dimensions v J Modify: To modify existing Dimension style. Unit Format: If you want to give dimensions in feet Et inches you set it Archite� tural Et if you want to give it in metric units like meter. --.- modify option . H orizontal D iagonal c N ot S tacked Decimal Separator: Sets the separator for decimal formats. all distances are rounded to - nearest 0 .- in Architectural you set minimum value in inches. r:. millimeter etc. 2 5 unit.-� -----. Linear Dimensions: I n primary units you enter units i n which you want to g· = dimension of your drawing. set your unit format Decimal. . HATRONYKS . If you enter a value of 0 . ------. New: To create new Dimension Style Click on New. Precision: Displays and sets the number of decimal places in the dimension tex. Enter new style Name &: click on continue. centimeter. Round Off: Sets rounding rules for dimension measurements for all dimen types except Angular. 2 5 . The number of digits displayed after the decimal point depends or ­ Precision setting. For this select dimension style &: eli on modify &: set given formats: Primary Units: You set units of dimension .. All setti ngs are same as . Fraction Format: Sets the format for fractions.

. the dimension for a 1-inch line is displayed as two inches. mple. em.00. r h S ub·unit suffix: 0 Leading 0 T railing :k OK Cancel Help ve Prefix: Use to add any symbol or alphabet before dimension text.00 mm 14 .!. r�• M� dify Dimension Style: Standard lE] Lines Symbols and Arrows T ext Fit I t Primary U nits Aiternate U n�. For si - ::..I Suffix: Use to add any symbol or alphabet (like mm. ?C· 'OL Prefix: l%%c t E: Suffix: lmm q>10... m etc) after dimension Measurement Scale: Sets a scale factor for linear dimension measurements.. t - l th= CAD DESK HATRONYKS . if you enter 2.J Zero suppression C.._T_?Ierances Linear drmensions Unit format: Precision Fraction format: Decimal separator: 1'-' (Period) Round off: 0 0000 Prefix: l Suffix: Measurement scale Scale factor: �0000 �] 0 Apply to layout dimensions only Zero suppression U nits format 0 Leading [o 0 Trailing S ub-units factor: Precision: . It is �-ommended that you do not change this value from the default value of 1.

It is used to calculate thE dimension distance in a sub unit when the distance is less than one unit. (a) Sub-units factor: Sets the number of sub units to a unit. 0000 becomes 30. 5 .6 1 / 2" becomes 6 1 / 2" . For example.. 5000. For example. Leading: Suppresses leading zeros in all decimal dimensions. and 30. Fo example. 0'. 5000 becomes . (b) Sub-unit suffix: Includes a suffix to the dimension value sub unit. Except when using non-associative dimensions. For example 0. Select leading to enable display of dimension distances less thar one unit in sub units. You can ente· text or use control codes to display special symbols. 5000 becomes 1 2 . 0 inche Sub·unit suffiM: Trailing: Suppresses trailing zeros in all decimal dimensions. Zero suppression:Controls the suppression of leading and trailing zeros and o feet and inches that have a value of zero. Zero suppression 0 Leading 0 T railing 1100 S ub-units factor: 0 feet OUO'J . 96m to display as 96em. Apply to Layout Dimension Only: Applies the measurement scale factor only to dimensions created in layout viewports. this setting should remain unchecked. enter 1 00 if the suffix is m and the sub-unit suffix is to display in em. (a) 0 Feet: Suppresses the feet portion of a feet-and-inches dimension when - distance is less than one foot . For exam 1 2 . enter em f . CAD DESK HATRONYKS . 1 '-0" becomes 1 ' . (b) 0 Inches: Suppresses the inches portion of a feet-and-inches dimension wher · distance is an integral number of feet. For example.

&ects of changes you make to ension style settings.��� 0 ISO standard OK Cancel Help CAD DES� HATRONYKS . 0 Leading Preview: Displays sample 0 T railing : 11ension images that show the =:. '-' Modify Dimension Style: Standard (g) Text � 1 Primary Un�t Alternate Units JTolerances T ext appearance T ext style: Standard Text color: l' · B�Iock FiU color: !D None Text height: Fraction height scale: 0 Draw frame around text T e><t placement T ext afognment II �iiiiii��5 L Vertical: Above 0 H orizontal Horizontal: View Direction: L I Left-to-Right v vJ r.)o�. Unit Formats: You set unit U nits format: I D ecimal D egrees ::Jrmat in Decimal Degrees to give :: 1gular dimensions. color etc of dimension text. OK Cancel H elp Text: To set font style.O�SOO��. Precision: 0 Precision: Sets the number : & decimal places for angular Zero suppression : ·mensions. Aligned with amension line I Offset from dim line: '----"-��. Angular dimensions: To set �"lgular dimension . -=·ght.

Draw frame around text: If you check out this option a frame is created arou�­ dimension text. Text Placements: Use to control text placement on dimension line. T ext placement Vertical: Horizontal: View D irection: 0 ffset from dim line: Vertical: Controls the vertical placement of dimension text in relation to - dimension line. make sure the text height in the Text Style is set to 0. Centered: Centers the dimension text between the two parts of the dimens' line. Text height: Use to specify height of text in dimension. If you want to use t = height set on the Text tab. T = value entered here is multiplied by the text height to determine the height dimension fractions relative to dimension text. You can select any o � of them. 9360 HATRONYKS . Text color: To set color of text. Fraction height scale: If you set primary units in architectural this option is tu on. 0000 -----��1 Above: Places the dimension text above the dimension line. -----. Fill color: Sets the color for the text background in dimensions. Text Appearance: Controls the dimension text ft format. Text Style: Lists the text styles available in the drawing.5 . 3 . The distance fr the dimension line to the baseline of the lowest line of text is the current text gap . By this option you specify height scale of fractional numbers of dimensions.

















. TRAINING • PLACEMENT• SOFTWARE • CONSULTANCY HATRONYKS . . This type of dimension editi ng [Hom e/Ne w/Ro tate/ Obliq ue] <Home>: N . .J -=~its open In PlaceText Edito r Et you give dimension value& click out of edito r box) .-------- During command After dimedit !edit =01T : position.000 0 ~I 1~-+. drawing whic h 1 I ension small or During command After dimension edit sions you mus in millim eters " .=ct objects: .::JIT .=ct objects: selec t dimension.J -=~·fy angle for dimension text: 45 .-------- ion and simply imensions. this option is like Angle text command. 4 -1. : _apply ::-:er type of dimension editi ng [Hom e/Ne w/Ro tate/ Obliq ue] <Home>: H .TS CAD DESK .J -: ect objects: by mouse click -: ect obje cts: . ::: type of dimension editi ng [Hom e/Ne w/Ro tate/ Obliq ue] <Home>: R . to provide the Selection \@J In place text r- a number of editor to include on the right the 5. Selection P1 I· 4 I -El~·l - ~~- I.J New : Its change dimension text by using In Place Text Edito r.J )i TM Fr.J Rotate: To rotat e dimension text.·.