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# Christopher Currier

John Emily Dayna Sarah

Mrs. Pickart

Honors Physical Science

3/6/17

Honors Specific Heat Lab

Purpose: To compare the relative specific heat of substances.

Hypothesis: If water, sand, and salt are placed in equal amounts into separate containers and

shaken vigorously for eight minutes, then the sand will show the greatest thermal energy reading.

Materials: 3- 50 ml Empty containers with caps 50g of water

50g of Sand 50g of Salt Thermometer

Methods: 50g samples of salt, sand and water were obtained. Three empty containers were each

filled separately with the 50 grams of sand, salt, and water. The initial temperature of the sand

was measured and recorded in a data table. The container of sand was then taken, and shaken

vigorously for eight minutes straight. The temperature of the sand was then immediately taken

and then recorded in the data table. The same steps were each taken separately with the 50g of

salt and water respectively.

Quantitative Data:

Discussion: The thermal energy was 50g of water was shown to be higher than that of the samples of salt and sand when shaken vigorously for 8 minutes.218 Calculations: Conclusion: Water. and salt were placed in equal amounts into separate containers and shaken vigorously for eight minutes.708 Water: 17 degrees 22 5 1048. the sand did not possess the greatest thermal energy reading. Water has a very high specific heat rate.Item: Initial Final Change in Thermal Temperature Temperature Temperature (Celsius): (Celsius): (Celsius): Energy: Salt: 20 degrees 24 4 176. This means that the water will take the most heat energy to raise its temperature by 1 degree. The very low specific heat of sand is what lead to the hypothesis being formed. It was . according to the recorded data.282 Sand: 20 degrees 25 5 207. sand.

Sand was thought to have had a higher increase in temperature than salt due the fact of its even lower specific heat capacity. The water’s higher specific heat capacity provided a higher resistance to the sun’s energy which was heating it. The results showed that water had the greatest heat energy when shaken. Thus it can be inferred that sand had the lowest specific heat capacity. Salt was shown to have a high specific heat.thought that this would cause greater heat energy. The sample of water was found to be easier to shake.182 J/KgxC. the water felt much colder due to its specific heat capacity of 4. Sand was found to have the highest temperature change. When a person stepped onto the sand.282 J/KgxC. The results were also found to be caused by the escape of heat energy after the containers were opened after being shaken. this was shown to be false. Because air flowed from hot to cold during the day. Salt was shown to have the lowest temperature change.218 J/KgxC. The sand was able to absorb more of the sun’s energy. This could have been fixed if the temperature of samples were all measured without opening the containers. But according to the experiment conducted. Salt was found to have approximately thirty J/KgxC less than sand at 176. the breeze moved from the hot sand to . this was found to cause a higher increase in thermal energy since there was less ‘resistance’ on the heat that was being transferred. thus having more energy transferred to it. it felt extremely hot which was caused by the sand’s low specific heat capacity of 830 J/KgxC. so it inferred that the specific heat of salt would be significantly higher than the other three. Water was found to be the outlier with a significantly higher thermal energy of 1. showed that it had the greatest specific heat and was thought to be the sample that would gain the least thermal energy. This was caused by some human error and could have been remedied if all samples were shaken with the exact same force. The higher changes in temperature were found to be caused by a lower specific heat capacity in each of the substances.048. In comparison to the sand. Water on the other hand.

. The water remained hotter than the sand because of its higher specific heat capacity which decreased the speed at which it lost its thermal energy. The sand cooled to a lower temperature than the water at night because of its lower specific heat capacity which caused the wind to shift. At night the air current shifted and now originated from the water that had warmed all day to the now cooler sand.the cooler water.