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Constitutional Law II

Prof. Michael Vernon Guerrero y Mendiola


v.3.0

I. General Considerations
Cases:
LEFT
000 # Philippine Blooming Mills Employment Organization v. Philippine Blooming Mills Co. Inc., GR L-
31195, 5 June 1973, En Banc, Makasiar [J]
000 Simon v. Commission on Human Rights, GR 100150, 5 January 1994, En Banc, Vitug [J]
000 Libanan v. Sandiganbayan, GR 112386, 14 June 1994, Third Division Resolution, Vitug [J]
000 Bince v. Commission on Elections, GRs 111624-25, 9 March 1995, En Banc, Kapunan [J]

RIGHT
000 Republic v. Sandiganbayan, GR 104768, 21 July 2003, En Banc, Carpio [J]
000 Lucena Grand Central Terminal Inc. v. JAC Liner Inc., GR 148339, 23 February 2005, En Banc, Carpio
Morales [J]
000 Tan Uy v. Ombudsman, GRs 156399-400, 27 June 2008, En Banc, Brion [J]

II. Powers of the State


A. Police Power
Cases:
LEFT-1
000 # Ermita-Malate Hotel and Motel Operators Association Inc. v. City Mayor of Manila, GR L-24693, 31
July 1967, En Banc, Fernando [J]
000 # Taxicab Operators of Metro Manila Inc. v. Board of Transportation, GR L-59234, 30 September 1982,
En Banc, Melencio-Herrera [J]
000 # De la Cruz v. Paras, GR L-42571-72, 25 July 1983, En Banc, Fernando [CJ]
000 # Velasco v. Villegas, GR L-24153, 14 February 1983, En Banc, Fernando [CJ]
000 # Anglo-Fil Trading Corporation v. Lazaro, GR L-54958, 2 September 1983, En Banc, Gutierrez Jr. [J]
000 # Bautista v. Juinio, GR L-50908, 31 January 1984, En Banc, Fernando [CJ]

RIGHT-1
000 # Tablarin v. Judge Gutierrez, GR 78164, 31 July 1987, En Banc, Feliciano [J]
000 # Villanueva v. Castaneda, GR L-61311, 21 September 1987, First Division, Cruz [J]
000 Balacuit v. Court of First Instance of Agusan del Norte and Butuan City, Branch 11 , GR L-38429, 30
June 1988, En Banc, Gancayco [J]
000 # Sangalang v. Intermediate Appellate Court, GR 71169, 25 August 1989, En Banc, Sarmiento [J]
000 # Del Rosario v. Bengzon, GR 88265, 21 December 1989, En Banc, Grino-Aquino [J]
000 Basco v. Philippine Amusements and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR), GR 91649, 14 May 1991, En
Banc, Paras [J]

LEFT-2
000 People of the Philippines v. Judge Nitafan, GR 81559-60, 6 April 1992, Third Division, Gutierrez Jr. [J]
000 # Magtajas v. Pryce Properties Corporation, Inc., GR 111097, 20 July 1994, En Banc, Cruz [J]
000 # Tano v. Socrates, GR 110249, 21 August 1997, En Banc, Davide Jr. [J]
000 * Chavez v. Romulo, GR 157036, 9 June 2004, En Banc, Sandoval-Gutierrez [J]
000 Mirasol v. Department of Public Works and Highways, GR 158793, 8 June 2006, En Banc, Carpio [J]
000 * City of Manila v. Judge Laguio, GR 118127, 12 April 2005, En Banc, Tinga [J]

RIGHT-2
000 Gancayco v. City Government of Quezon City, GR 177807, 11 October 2011, En Banc, Sereno [J]
000 Araullo v. Aquino, GR 209287, 3 February 2015, En Banc Resolution, Bersamin [J]
000 Tuason v. Register of Deeds, Caloocan City, GR 70484, 29 January 1988, En Banc, Narvasa [J]
000 Gaston v. Republic Planters Bank, GR 77194, 15 March 1988, En Banc, Melencio-Herrera [J]
000 Osmena v. Orbos, GR 99886, 31 March 1993, En Banc, Narvasa [CJ]
B. Power of Eminent Domain
Article III, Section 9, 1987 Constitution

Section 9. Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation.

See also Rule 67, Rules of Civil Procedure (1997), Rules of Court ; Section 19, RA 7160 (1991); RA 7279;
RA 8974 (2000); RA 6657 (1988), as amended
Cases: 1
LEFT-1
000 # City of Manila v. Chinese Community of Manila, GR L-14355, 31 October 1919, En Banc, Johnson [J] 2
000 # People of the Philippines v. Fajardo, GR L-12172, 29 August 1958, En Banc, Reyes JBL [J] 3
000 # City of Baguio v. National Waterworks and Sewerage Authority, GR L-12032, 31 August 1959, En
Banc, Bautista Angelo [J] 4
000 # Province of Zamboanga del Norte v. City of Zamboanga, GR L-24440, 28 March 1968, En Banc,
Bengzon JP [J] 5 ; Province of Zamboanga del Norte v. City of Zamboanga, GR L-24440, 30 June
1969, En Banc Resolution, Reyes JBL [J] 6
000 # Republic of the Philippines v. Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company, GR L-18841, 27
January 1969, En Banc, Reyes JBL [J] 7
000 # Republic of the Philippines v. Vda. de Castellvi, GR L-20620, 15 August 1974, En Banc, Zaldivar [J] 8
000 # De Knecht v. Judge Bautista, GR L-51078, 30 October 1980, First Division, Fernandez [J] 9
000 # City Government of Quezon City v. Judge Ericta, GR L-34915, 24 June 1983, First Division, Gutierrez
Jr. [J]10
000 # Heirs of Ardona v. Judge Reyes, GRs L-60549, 60553-60555, 26 October 1983, En Banc, Gutierrez Jr.
[J] 11
000 # Export Processing Zone Authority v. Dulay, GR L-59603, 29 April 1987, En Banc, Gutierrez [J] 12
000 # Sumulong v. Guerrero, GR L-48685, 30 September 1987, En Banc, Cortes [J] 13
000 # Municipality of Meycauayan, Bulacan v. Intermediate Appellate Court, GR 72126, 29 January 1988,
Third Division, Gutierrez Jr. [J] 14
000 Coscuella v. Court of Appeals, GR 77765, 15 August 1988, Third Division, Gutierrez Jr. [J] 15
000 # Association of Small Landowners in the Philippines Inc. v. Secretary of Agrarian Reform, GR
78742, 14 July 1989, En Banc, Cruz [J] 16
000 Municipality of Biñan v. Garcia, GR 69260, 22 December 1989, First Division, Narvasa [J] 17
000 # Republic of the Philippines v. De Knecht, GR 87335, 12 February 1990, First Division, Gancayco [J] 18

RIGHT-1
000 # Republic of the Philippines vs. Intermediate Appellate Court, GR 71176, May 21, 1990, Third Division,
Fernan [CJ] 19
000 # Ansaldo v. Tantuico, GR L-50147, 3 August 1990, First Division, Narvasa [J] 20

1 See also US v. Causby, 328 US 256 (1946)


2 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1919/oct1919/gr_l-14355_1919.html
3 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1958/aug1958/gr_l-12172_1958.html
4 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1959/aug1959/gr_l-12032_1959.html
5 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1968/mar1968/gr_l-24440_1968.html
6 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1969/jun1969/gr_l-24440_1969.html
7 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1969/jan1969/gr_l-18841_1969.html
8 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1974/aug1974/gr_l_20620_1974.html
9 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1980/oct1980/gr_51078_1980.html
10 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1983/jun1983/gr_l_34915_1983.html
11 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1983/oct1983/gr_l_60549_1983.html
12 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1987/apr1987/gr_l_59603_1987.html
13 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1987/sep1987/gr_l_48685_1987.html
14 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/jan1988/gr_72126_1988.html
15 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/aug1988/gr_77765_1988.html
16 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/jul1989/gr_78742_1989.html
17 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/dec1989/gr_69260_1989.html
18 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1990/feb1990/gr_87335_1990.html
19 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1990/may1990/gr_71176_!990.html
20 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1990/aug1990/gr_l_50147_1990.html
000 # National Power Corporation v. Gutierrez, GR L-60077, 18 January 1991, Third Division, Bidin [J] 21
000 # Manila Electric Company v. Pineda, GR L-59791, 13 February 1992, First Division, Medialdea [J] 22
000 # Province of Camarines Sur v. Court of Appeals, GR 103125, 17 May 1993, First Division, Quiason [J] 23
000 Philippine Columbian Association v. Judge Panis, GR 106528, 21 December 1993, First Division,
Quiason [J] 24
000 # Philippine Press Institute Inc. v. Commission on Elections, GR 119694, 22 May 1995, En Banc
Resolution, Feliciano [J] 25
000 # Land Bank of the Philippines v. Court of Appeals, GR 118712, 6 October 1995, Second Division,
Francisco R [J] 26
000 # Manosca v. Court of Appeals, GR 106440, 29 January 1996, First Division, Vitug [J] 27
000 # National Power Corporation v. Court of Appeals, GR 113194, 11 March 1996, Third Division,
Panganiban [J] 28
000# Moday v. Court of Appeals, GR 107916, 20 February 1997, Second Division, Romero [J] 29
000 # Filstream International Inc. v. Court of Appeals, GR 125218, 23 January 1998, Third Division,
Francisco [J]30
000 Municipality of Parañaque vs. VM Realty Corporation, GR 127820, 20 July 1998, First Division,
Panganiban [J] 31
000 Robern Development Corporation v. Quitain, GR 135042, 23 September 1999, En Banc, Panganiban
[J] 32
000 Heirs of Suguitan v. City of Mandaluyong, GR 135087, 14 March 2000, Third Division, Gonzaga-Reyes
[J] 33
000 # Barangay San Roque, Talisay, Cebu v. Heirs of Pastor, GR 138896, 20 June 2000, Third Division,
Panganiban [J] 34

LEFT-2
000 # Republic of the Philippines v. Salem Investment Corporation, GR 137569, 23 June 2000, Second
Division, Mendoza [J] 35
000 # Estate of Jimenez v. Philippine Export Processing Zone, GR 137285, 16 January 2001, Second
Division, De Leon Jr. [J] 36
000 # City of Mandaluyong v. Aguilar, GR 137152, 29 January 2001, First Division, Puno [J] 37
000 # City of Manila v. Serrano, GR 142304, 20 June 2001, Second Division, Mendoza [J] 38
000 # Eslaban v. Vda. de Onorio, GR 146062, 28 June 2001, Second Division, Mendoza [J] 39
000 # City of Cebu v. Dedamo, GR 142971, 7 May 2002, First Division, Davide Jr. [CJ] 40
000 # National Housing Authority v. Heirs of Guivelondo, GR 154411, 19 June 2003, First Division, Ynares-
Santiago [J] 41
000 Land Bank of the Philippines v. Wycoco, GR 140160, 13 January 2004, First Division, Ynares-Santiago

21 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1991/jan1991/gr_60077_1991.html
22 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1992/feb1992/gr_59791_1992.html
23 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1993/may1993/gr_103125_1993.html
24 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1993/dec1993/gr_106528_1993.html
25 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1995/may1995/gr_l_11994_1995.html
26 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1995/oct1995/gr_118712_1995.html ; Resolution available at http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1996/jul1996/gr_118712_1996.html
27 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1996/jan1996/gr_106440_1996.html
28 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1996/mar1996/gr_113194_1996.html
29 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1997/feb1997/gr_107916_1997.html
30 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1998/jan1998/gr_125218_1998.html
31 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1998/jul1998/gr_127820_1998.html
32 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/sep1999/gr_135042_1999.html
33 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/mar2000/gr_135087_2000.html
34 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/jun2000/gr_138896_2000.html
35 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/jun2000/gr_137569_2000.html
36 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/jan2001/gr_137285_2001.html
37 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/jan2001/gr_137152_2001.html
38 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/jun2001/gr_142304_2001.html
39 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/jun2001/gr_146062_2001.html
40 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2002/may2002/gr_142971_2002.html
41 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2003/jun2003/gr_154411_2003.html
[J]42
000 # Estate of Late Justice JBL Reyes v. City of Manila, GR 132431, 13 February 2004, Third Division,
Corona [J] 43
000 National Power Corporation v. Court of Appeals, GR 106804, 12 August 2004, Second Division, Carpio
[J]44
000 Lagcao vs. Labra, GR 155746, 13 October 2004, En Banc, Corona [J] 45
000 Republic of the Philippines v. Lim, GR 161656, 29 June 2005, En Banc Resolution, Sandoval-Gutierrez
[J] 46
000 Air Transportation Office v. Gopuco, GR 158563, 30 June 2005, Second Division, Chico-Nazario [J] 47
000 Jesus is Lord Christian School Foundation Inc. vs. Municipality [now City] of Pasig, Metro Manila,
GR 152230, 9 August 2005, Second Division, Callejo Sr. [J] 48
000 Republic of the Philippines v. Judge Gingoyon, GR 166429, 19 December 2005, En Banc, Tinga [J] 49
000 Masikip v. City of Pasig, GR 136349, 23 January 2006, Second Division, Sandoval-Gutierrez [J] 50

RIGHT-2
000 National Power Corporation v. San Pedro, GR 170945, 26 September 2006, First Division, Callejo Sr.
[J] 51
000 Leca Realty Corporation v. Republic of the Philippines, GR 155605, 27 September 2006, First
Division, Panganiban [CJ] 52
000 Republic of the Philippines v. Andaya, GR 160656, 15 June 2007, Second Division, Quisumbing [J] 53
000 Republic of the Philippines v. Hidalgo, GR 161657, 4 October 2007, First Division, Garcia [J] 54
000 Manapat v. Court of Appeals, GR 110478, 15 October 2007, Third Division, Nachura [J] 55
000 Marinduque Mining and Industrial Corporation v. Court of Appeals, GR 161219, 6 October 2008, First
Division, Carpio [J] 56
000 Abad v. Fil-Homes Realty, GR 189239, 24 November 2010, Third Division, Carpio Morales [J] 57
000 Yusay vs. Court of Appeals, GR 156684, 6 April 2011, Third Division Resolution, Bersamin [J] 58
000 Republic of the Philippines [National Irrigation Administration] v. Rural Bank of Kabacan Inc. , GR
185124, 25 January 2012, Second Division, Sereno [J] 59
000 Republic of the Philippines [University of the Philippines] v. Legaspi, GR 177611, 18 April 2012,
Second Division, Perez [J] 60
000 National Power Corporation v. YCLA Sugar Development Corporation, GR 193936, 11 December
2013, First Division, Reyes [J] 61
000 Land Bank of the Philippines v. Yatco Agricultural Enterprises, GR 172551, 15 January 2014, Second
Division, Brion [J] 62
000 Republic of the Philippines v. Soriano, GR 211666, 25 February 2015, Third Division, Peralta [J] 63

42 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2004/jan2004/gr_140160_2004.html
43 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2004/feb2004/gr_132431_2004.html
44 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2004/aug2004/gr_106804_2004.html
45 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2004/oct2004/gr_155746_2004.html
46 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2005/jun2005/gr_161656_2005.html
47 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2005/jun2005/gr_158563_2005.html
48 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2005/aug2005/gr_152230_2005.html
49 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2005/dec2005/gr_166429_2005.html ; Resolution available at http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2006/feb2006/gr_166429_2006.html
50 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2006/jan2006/gr_136349_2006.html
51 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2006/sep2006/gr_170945_2006.html
52 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2006/sep2006/gr_155605_2006.html
53 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2007/jun2007/gr_160656_2007.html
54 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2007/oct2007/gr_161657_2007.html
55 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2007/oct2007/gr_110478_2007.html
56 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2008/oct2008/gr_161219_2008.html
57 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2010/nov2010/gr_189239_2010.html
58 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2011/apr2011/gr_156684_2011.html
59 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2012/jan2012/gr_185124_2012.html
60 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2012/apr2012/gr_177611_2012.html
61 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2013/dec2013/gr_193936_2013.html
62 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2014/jan2014/gr_172551_2014.html
63 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2015/feb2015/gr_211666_2015.html
64
000 # National Power Corporation v. Judge Angas, GRs 60225-26, 8 May 1992, Second Division, Paras [J]
000 # National Power Corporation v. Henson, GR 129998, 29 December 1998, Third Division, Pardo [J] 65

C. Power of Taxation
Cases:
LEFT
000 # Young Men's Christian Association of Manila v. Collector of Internal Revenue, GR 7988, 19 January
1916, En Banc, Moreland [J] 66
000 # Roman Catholic Bishop of Nueva Segovia v. Provincial Board of Ilocos Norte, GR 27588, 31
December 1927, En Banc, Avancena [J] 67
000 # Punsalan v. Municipal Board of City of Manila, GR L-4817, 26 May 1954, En Banc, Reyes [J] 68
000 # American Bible Society v. City of Manila, GR L-9637, 30 April 1957, En Banc, Felix [J] 69
000 # In RE Validity of Ordinance 3659 of the City of Manila. Physical Therapy Organization of the
Philippines v. Municipal Board of the City of Manila, GR L-10448, 30 August 1957, En Banc,
Montemayor [J] 70

RIGHT
000 # Lladoc v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue, GR L-19201, 16 June 1965, En Banc, Paredes [J] 71
000 # Province of Abra v. Judge Hernando, GR L-49336, 31 August 1981, Second Division, Fernando [CJ] 72
000 # Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Algue Inc., GR L-28896, 17 February 1988, First Division, Cruz
[J] 73
000 # Abra Valley College Inc. v. Judge Aquino, GR L-39086, 15 June 1988, Second Division, Paras [J] 74
000 # Commissioner of Customs v. Judge Makasiar, GR 79307, 29 August 1989, Third Division, Cortes [J] 75

III. Due Process and Equal Protection


Article III, Section 1, 1987 Constitution

Section 1. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall
any person be denied the equal protection of the laws.

A. Due Process
Cases: 76
LEFT-1
77
000 # Ang Tibay v. Court of Industrial Relations, GR L-46496, 27 February 1940, En Banc, Laurel [J]
000 # Suntay v. People of the Philippines, GR L-9430, 29 June 1957, En Banc, Padilla [J] 78

64 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1992/may1992/gr_60225_26_1992.html
65 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1998/dec1998/gr_129998_1998.html
66 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1916/jan1916/gr_l-7988_1916.html
67 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1927/dec1927/gr_l-27588_1927.html
68 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1954/may1954/gr_l-4817_1954.html
69 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1957/apr1957/gr_l-9637_1957.html
70 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1957/aug1957/gr_l-10448_1957.html
71 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1965/jun1965/gr_l-19201_1965.html
72 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1981/aug1981/gr_49336_1981.html
73 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/feb1988/gr_l_28896_1988.html
74 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/jun1988/gr_l_39086_1988.html
75 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/aug1989/gr_79307_1989.html
76 See also Hurtado v. California, 110 US 516 (1884); Lawrence and Garner v. Texas, 539 US 558 (2003); Tumey v. Ohio, 273 US 510 (1997)
77 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1940/feb1940/gr_l-46496_1940.html
78 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1957/jun1957/gr_l-9430_1957.html
000 # De Bisschop v. Galang, GR L-18365, 31 May 1963, En Banc, Reyes JBL [J] 79
000 # Manila Electric Company v. Public Service Commission, GRs L-13638-40, 30 June 1964, En Banc,
Paredes [J] 80
000 # Montemayor v. Araneta University Foundation, GR L-44251, 31 May 1977, Second Division, Fernando
[J]81
000 # Villegas v. Hiu Chiong Tsai Pao Ho, GR L-29646, 10 November 1978, En Banc, Fernandez [J] 82
000 # Anzaldo v. Clave, GR L-54597, 15 December 1982, Second Division, Aquino [J] 83

RIGHT-1
000 # Tanada v. Tuvera, GR L-63915, 24 April 1985, En Banc, Escolin [J]; 84 Tanada v. Tuvera, GR L-63915, 29
December 1986, En Banc Resolution, Cruz [J] 85
000 # Ateneo de Manila University v. Court of Appeals, GR L-56180, 16 October 1986, Second Division,
Gutierrez Jr. [J] 86
000 Cebu Institute of Technology (CIT) v. Ople, GR L-58870, 18 December 1987, En Banc, Cortes [J] 87
000 # Var-Orient Shipping Co. Inc. v. Achacoso, GR 81805, 31 May 1988, First Division, Grino-Aquino [J] 88
000 Crespo v. Provincial Board of Nueva Ecija, GR L-33237, 15 April 1988, Second Division, Padilla [J] 89
000 # Philippine Communications Satellite Corporation v. Alcuaz, GR 84818, 18 December 1989, En Banc,
Regalado [J] 90
000 # Non v. Judge Dames, GR 89317, 20 May 1990, En Banc, Cortes [J] 91

LEFT-2
000 # Webb v. Judge de Leon, GR 121234, 23 August 1995, Second Division, Puno [J] 92
000 # Philippine International Trading Corporation v. Judge Angeles, GR 108461, 21 October 1996, Second
Division, Torres Jr. [J] 93
000 # People of the Philippines v. Court of Appeals, GR 118882, 26 September 1996, Third Division
Resolution, Melo [J] 94

79 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1963/may1963/gr_l-18365_1963.html
80 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1964/jun1964/gr_l-13638-40_1964.html
81 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1977/may1977/gr_44251_1977.html
82 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1978/nov1978/gr_29646_1978.html
83 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1982/dec1982/gr_l_54597_1982.html
84 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1985/apr1985/gr_l63915_1985.html
85 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1986/dec1986/gr_63915_1986.html
86 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1986/oct1986/gr_56180_1986.html
87 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1987/dec1987/gr_l_58870_1987.html ; Resolution at http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/apr1988/gr_l_58870_1988.html
88 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/may1988/gr_81805_1988.html
89 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/apr1988/gr_l_33237_1988.html
90 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/dec1989/gr_84818_1989.html
91 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1990/may1990/gr_89317_1990.html
92 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1995/aug1995/gr_121234_1995.html
93 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1996/oct1996/gr_108461_1996.html
94 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1996/sep1996/gr_118882_1996.html
000 # Roxas v. Vasquez, GR 114944, 19 June 2001, First Division, Ynares-Santiago [J] 95
000 # Republic of the Philippines v. Express Telecommunication Co. Inc., GR 147096, 15 January 2002,
First Division, Ynares-Santiago [J] 96
000 # Lim v. Court of Appeals, GR 111397, 12 August 2002, Third Division, Carpio [J] 97
000 # Rodriguez v. Court of Appeals, GR 134278, 7 August 2002, Second Division, Quisumbing [J] 98

RIGHT-2
000 Vivas v. Monetary Board of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, GR 191424, 7 August 2013, Third
Division, Mendoza [J] 99
000 Besaga v. Spouses Acosta, GR 194061, 20 April 2015, Second Division, Brion [J] 100
000 # Nuclear Free Philippine Coalition v. National Power Corporation, GR L-68474, 11 February 1986, En
Banc Resolution, Plana [J] 101
000 # Alcuaz v. Philippine School of Business Administration, GR 76353, 2 May 1988, Second Division,
Paras [J]; 102 Alcuaz v. Philippine School of Business Administration, GR 76353, 29 September 1989,
En Banc Resolution, Paras [J] 103
000 Secretary of Justice v. Judge Lantion, GR 139465, 18 January 2000, En Banc, Melo [J] 104
000 People of the Philipines v. Medenilla, GRs 131638-39, 12 July 2001, First Division Resolution, Kapunan
[J] 105
000 Toyota Motor Phils. Corp. v. National Labor Relations, GRs 158786 & 158789, 19 October 2007,
Second Division, Velasco Jr. [J] 106

B. Equal Protection
Cases:
LEFT
000 # People of the Philippines v. Isnain, GR L-2857, 28 February 1950, En Banc, Bengzon [J] 107
000 # Ceniza v. Commission on Elections, GR L-52304, 28 January 1980, En Banc, Concepcion Jr. [J] 108
000 # United Democratic Opposition (UNIDO) v. Commission on Elections, GR 56515, 3 April 1981, En
Banc, Barredo [J] 109
000 # Nunez v. Sandiganbayan, GRs L-50581-50617, 30 January 1982, En Banc, Fernando [CJ] 110
000 # Sison v. Ancheta, GR L-59431, 25 July 1984, En Banc, Fernando [CJ] 111
000 # Philippine Association of Service Exporters Inc. v. Drilon, GR 81958, 30 June 1988, En Banc,
Sarmiento [J] 112
000 # Philippine Judges Association v. Prado, GR 105371, 11 November 1993, En Banc, Cruz [J] 113
000 JMM Promotion and Management Inc. v. Court of Appeals, GR 120095, 5 August 1996, First Division,
Kapunan [J] 114

95 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/jun2001/gr_114944_2001.html ; Resolution at http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2002/may2002/gr_114944_2002.html


96 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2002/jan2002/gr_147096_2002.html
97 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2002/aug2002/gr_111397_2002.html
98 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2002/aug2002/gr_134278_2002.html
99 http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2013/aug2013/gr_191424_2013.html
100http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2015/apr2015/gr_194061_2015.html
101http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1986/feb1986/gr_68474_1986.html
102http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/may1988/gr_76353_1988.html
103http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/may1988/gr_76353_1988.html
104http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/jan2000/gr_139465_2000.html
105http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/jul2001/gr_131638_2001.html
106http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2007/oct2007/gr_158786_2007.html
107http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1950/feb1950/gr_l-2857_1950.html
108http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1980/jan1980/gr_52304_1980.html
109http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1981/apr1981/gr_56515_1981.html
110http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1982/jan1982/gr_l_50581_50617_1982.html
111http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1984/jul1984/gr_l59431_1984.html
112http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/jun1988/gr_81958_1988.html
113http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1993/nov1993/gr_105371_1993.html
114http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1996/aug1996/gr_120095_1996.html
RIGHT
000 # Lacson v. Executive Secretary, GR 128096, 20 January 1999, En Banc, Martinez [J] 115
000 # Soriano v. Court of Appeals, GR 123936, 4 March 1999, Second Division, Quisumbing [J] 116
000 # Tiu v. Court of Appeals, GR 127410, 20 January 1999, En Banc, Panganiban [J] 117
000 # International School Alliance of Educators (ISAE) v. Quisumbing, GR 128845, 1 June 2000, First
Division, Kapunan [J] 118
000 # Philippine Rural Electric Cooperatives Association Inc. (PHILRECA) v. Secretary of the Department
of Interior and Local Government (DILG), GR 143076, 10 June 2003, En Banc, Puno [J] 119
000 Abakada Guro Party List v. Purisima, GR 166715, 14 August 2008, En Banc, Corona [J] 120
000 Biraogo v. Philippine Truth Commission of 2010, GR 192935, 7 December 2010, En Banc, Mendoza
[J] 121
000 # Olivarez v. Sandiganbayan (Second Division), GR 118533, 4 October 1995, Second Division, Regalado
[J] 122

IV. Non-Impairment of Contracts


Article III, Section 10, 1987 Constitution

Section 10. No law impairing the obligation of contracts shall be passed.

Cases:
LEFT
000 People of the Philippines v. Pomar, GR 22008, 3 November 1924, En Banc, Johnson [J] 123
000 # Rutter v. Esteban, GR L-3708, 18 May 1953, En Banc, Bautista Angelo [J] 124
000 # Ortigas & Co., Limited Partnership v. Feati Bank and Trust Co., GR L-24670, 14 December 1979, En
Banc, Santos [J] 125
000 # Tiro v. Judge Hontanosas, GR L-32312, 25 November 1983, Second Division, Abad Santos [J] 126
000 # Abella v. National Labor Relations Commission, GR 71813, 20 July 1987, En Banc, Paras [J]
000 # Sangalang v. Intermediate Appellate Court, GR 71169, 22 December 1988, En Banc, Sarmiento [J] 127
000 Del Rosario v. Bengzon, GR 88265, 21 December 1989, En Banc, Grino-Aquino [J] 128

RIGHT
000 # Caleon v. Agus Development Corporation, GR 77365, 7 April 1992, Third Division, Bidin [J] 129
000 Philippine National Bank v. Office of the President, GR 104528, 18 January 1996, Third Division
Resolution, Panganiban [J] 130
000 # Manila Electric Company v. Province of Laguna, GR 131359, 5 May 1999, Third Division, Vitug [J] 131
000 # Ortigas & Co. Ltd. v. Court of Appeals, GR 126102, 4 December 2000, Second Division, Quisumbing [J]
132

000 Republic of the Philippines v. Rosemoor Mining and Development Corporation, GR 149927, 30
March 2004, First Division, Panganiban [J] 133

115http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/jan1999/gr_128096_1999.html
116http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/mar1999/gr_123936_1999.html
117http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/jan1999/gr_127410_1999.html
118http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/jun2000/gr_128845_2000.html
119http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2003/jun2003/gr_143076_2003.html
120http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2008/aug2008/gr_166715_2008.html
121http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2010/dec2010/gr_192935_2010.html
122http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1995/oct1995/gr_118533_1995.html
123http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1924/nov1924/gr_l-22008_1924.html
124http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1953/may1953/gr_l-3708_1953.html
125http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1979/dec1979/gr_l_24670_1979.html
126http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1983/nov1983/gr_l_32312_1983.html
127http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/dec1988/gr_71169_1988.html
128http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/dec1989/gr_88265_1989.html
129http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1992/apr1992/gr_77365_1992.html
130http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1996/jan1996/gr_104528_1996.html
131http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/may1999/gr_131359_1999.html
132http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/dec2000/gr_126102_2000.html
133http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2004/mar2004/gr_149927_2004.html
000 Philippine Ports Authority vs. Cipres Stevedoring and Arrastre Inc., GR 145742, 14 July 2005,
Second Division, Chico-Nazario [J] 134

V. Intellectual Liberty
A. Speech, expression, and the press; Assembly and petition of grievances against government
Article III, Section 4, 1987 Constitution

Section 4. No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or
the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances.

Cases:
LEFT-1
135
000 # People of the Philippines v. Hernandez, GR L-6025, 30 May 1964, En Banc, Labrador [J]

1. Speech or Expression
Cases: 136
137
000 # United States v. Bustos, GR L-12592, 8 March 1918, En Banc, Malcolm [J]
000 # People v. Alarcon (1939)
000 # Espuelas v. People (1951)
000 # Quisumbing v. Lopez (1955)
000 # Cabansag v. Fernandez (1957)

RIGHT-1
000 # People v. Castelo (1962)
000 # Gonzales v. Comelec (1969)
000 # Lopez v. CA (1970)
000 # Elizalde v. CFI (1982)
000 # Burgos v. Chief of Staff (1984)
000 # Babst v. NIB (1984)

LEFT-2
000 # Nestle Philippines v. Sanchez (1987)
000 # Bulletin v. Noel (1988)
000 # Zaldivar v. Sandiganbayan (1989)
000 # Sanidad v. Comelec (1990)
000 # Borjal v. CA (1999)

RIGHT-2
000 # In RE Ramon Tulfo (1990)
000 # In RE Jurado (1990)
000 # Miriam College v. CA (2000)
000 # Social Weather Station v. Comelec (2001)
000 1-United Transport Koalisyon (1-UTAK) v. Commission on Elections, GR 206020, 14 April 2015, En
Banc, Reyes [J] 138

2. Press
Cases:
LEFT
000 # Eastern Broadcasting Corp. v. Dans (1985)
000 Osmeña v. Commission on Elections, GR 132231, 31 March 1998, En Banc, Mendoza [J] 139
000 ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation v. Commission on Elections, GR 133486, 28 January 2000, En

134http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2005/jul2005/gr_145742_2005.html
135http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1964/may1964/gr_l-6025_1964.html
136See also New York Times v. Sullivan, 380 US 51 (1964); Reno v. ACLU, D-96-511, 26 June 1997; Texas v. Johnson, 491 US 397 (1989); Bartnicki v. Vopper, 99-1829, 21 May 2001
137http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1918/mar1918/gr_l-12592_1918.html
138http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2015/apr2015/gr_206020_2015.html
139http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1998/mar1998/gr_132231_1998.html
Banc, Panganiban [J] 140

RIGHT
000 Chavez v. Gonzales, GR 168338, 15 February 2008, En Banc, Puno [CJ] 141
000 In RE Allegation contained in the columns of Macasaet published in Malaya, AM 07-09-13-SC, 8
August 2008, En Banc, Reyes RT [J] 142

3. Freedom of Assembly
See also BP 880 (1985)
Cases:
LEFT
000 # Primicias v. Fugoso (1948)
000 # Ignacio v. Ela (1956)
000 # Navarro v. Villegas (1970)
000 # Reyes v. Bagatsing (1983)
000 # Ruiz v. Gordon (1983)
000 # Malabanan v. Ramento (1984)

RIGHT
000 # Arreza v. GAUF (1985)
000 # German v. Barangan (1985)
000 Jacinto v. Court of Appeals, GR 124540, 14 November 1997, En Banc, Panganiban [J] 143
000 # Acosta v. CA (2000)
000 David v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR 171396, 3 May 2006, En Banc, Sandoval-Gutierrez [J] 144

B. Religion
Article III, Section 5, 1987 Constitution

Section 5. No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise
thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or
preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political
rights.

Cases: 145
LEFT
000 # Aglipay v. Ruiz (1937)
000 # Fonacier v. CA (1955)
000 # Victoriano v. Elizalde Rope Workers Union (1974)
000 # Pamil v. Teleron (1978)
000 # Estrada v. Escritor (2003)

RIGHT
000 # Islamic Dawah Counsil v. Executive Secretary (2003)
000 # Ebralinag v. Division Superintendent (1993)
000 * Diocese of Bacolod v. Commission on Elections, GR 205728, 21 January 2015, En Banc, Leonen [J]
146
147
000 Imbong v. Ochoa, GR 204819, 8 April 2014, En Banc, Mendoza [J]

140http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/jan2000/gr_133486_2000.html
141http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2008/feb2008/gr_168338ac_2008.html
142http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2008/aug2008/am_07-09-13-sc_2008.html
143http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1997/nov1997/gr_124540_1997.html
144http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2006/may2006/gr_171396_2006.html
145See also Epperson v. Arkansas, 33 US 27 (1968); Engel v. Vitale, 370 US 421 (1962); Abrington Schools Dist. v. Schempp, 374 US 203 (1973); Stone v. Graham, 449 US 39 (1980);
Mueller v. Allen, 463 US 388 (1983); Lemon v. Krutzman, 403 US 602 (1971); Stone v. Graham, 449 US 39 (1980); Wallace v. Jaffree, 472 US 38 (1985); West Virginia Board of
Education v. Barnette, 319 US 624 (1943); Swaggart Ministries v. California Board of Equalization, 493 US 378 (1990);Torcaso v. Watkins, 367 US 488 (1961)
146http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2015/jan2015/gr_205728_2015.html
147http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2014/apr2014/gr_204819_2014.html
C. Association
Article III, Section 8, 1987 Constitution

Section 8. The right of the people, including those employed in the public and private sectors, to form
unions, associations, or societies for purposes not contrary to law shall not be abridged.

Cases: 148
LEFT
000 # In RE Edillon (1979)

RIGHT
000 # Occena v. Comelec (1985)

VI. Liberty of Abode and Freedom to Travel


Article III, Section 6, 1987 Constitution

Section 6. The liberty of abode and of changing the same within the limits prescribed by law shall not be
impaired except upon lawful order of the court. Neither shall the right to travel be impaired except in the
interest of national security, public safety, or public health, as may be provided by law.

Cases:
LEFT
149
000 # Rubi v. Provincial Board of Mindoro, GR L-14078, 7 March 1919, En Banc, Malcolm [J]
000 # Lorenzo v. Director of Health (1927)
000 # Caunca v. Salazar (1940)
000 # Manotok v. CA (1986)

RIGHT
150
000 # Marcos v. Manglapus, GR 88211, 15 September 1989, En Banc, Cortes [J]
000 # Salonga v. Hermosa (1989)
000 # Silverio v. CA (1991)

VII. Right to Information


Article III, Section 7, 1987 Constitution

Section 7. The right of the people to information on matters of public concern shall be recognized.
Access to official records, and to documents and papers pertaining to official acts, transactions, or
decisions, as well as to government research data used as basis for policy development, shall be
afforded the citizen, subject to such limitations as may be provided by law.

Cases:
LEFT
000 # Baldoza v. Dimaano (1976)
151
000 # Legaspi v. Civil Service Commission, GR L-72119, 29 May 1987, En Banc, Cortes [J]
000 # People's Movement for Press Freedom v. Manglapus (1988)
000 # Garcia v. BOI (1989)

RIGHT
000 # Valmonte v. Belmonte, GR 74930, 13 February 1989, En Banc, Cortes [J] 152
000 Aquino-Sarmiento v. Morato, GR 92541, 13 November 1991, ?, Bidin [J] 153
000 # Chavez v. Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG), GR 130716, 9 December 1998,

148See also Rotary International v. Rotary Club, 481 US 537 (1987)


149http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1919/mar1919/gr_l-14078_1919.html
150http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/sep1989/gr_88211_1989.html
151http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1987/may1987/gr_l_72119_1987.html
152http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/feb1989/gr_74930_1989.html
153http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1991/nov1991/gr_92541_1991.html
First Division, Panganiban [J] 154
155
000 Belgica v. Ochoa, GR 208566, 19 November 2013, En Banc, Perlas-Bernabe [J]

VIII. Right to Privacy


Article III, Section 3, 1987 Constitution

Section 3.
(1) The privacy of communication and correspondence shall be inviolable except upon lawful order
of the court, or when public safety or order requires otherwise, as prescribed by law.
(2) Any evidence obtained in violation of this or the preceding section shall be inadmissible for any
purpose in any proceeding.

Cases: 156
LEFT-1
000 # People v. Kotiinger (1923)
000 # People v. Co (1955)
000 # People v. Padaan (1957)
000 # Deano v. Godinez (1964)
157
000 Morfe v. Mutuc, GR L-20387, 31 January 1968, En Banc, Fernando [J]
000 # Lagunzad v. Sotto (1979)

RIGHT-1
000 # Gonzales v. Katikbak (1985)
000 # Gaanan v. IA C (1986)
000 # In RE Laureta (1987)
000 # People v. Albofera (1987)
000 # Ayer Productions Pty. Ltd. v. Capulong, GR 82380, 29 April 1988, En Banc, Feliciano [J] 158

LEFT-2
000 # Aberca v. Ver (1989)
000 # Ramirez v. CA (1995)
000 # Zulueta v. CA (1996)
000 # Waterhouse Drug v. NLRC (1997)
000 # People v. Aruta (1998)

RIGHT-2
000 # Ople v. Torres, GR 127685, 23 July 1998, En Banc, Puno [J] 159
000 # People v. Rondero (1999)
000 Social Justice Society v. Dangerous Drugs Board, GR 157870, 3 November 2008, En Banc, Velasco
Jr. [J] 160
000 * Disini v. Secretary of Justice (2013)
000 * Vivares v. St. Theresa's College, GR 202666, 29 September 2014, Third Division, Velasco Jr. [J] 161

IX. Search and Seizure, Arrests, and Custodial Investigations


Article III, Section 2, 1987 Constitution

Section 2. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against
unreasonable searches and seizures of whatever nature and for any purpose shall be inviolable, and no
search warrant or warrant of arrest shall issue except upon probable cause to be determined personally

154http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1998/dec1998/gr_130716_1998.html ; Resolution available at http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/may1999/gr_130716_1999.html


155http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2013/nov2013/gr_208566_2013.html
156See also Katz v. US, 389 US 347 (1967); Silverthorne Lumber v. US, 251 US 385 (1920)
157http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1968/jan1968/gr_l-20387_1968.html
158http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/apr1988/gr_82380_1988.html
159http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1998/jul1998/gr_127685_1998.html
160http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2008/nov2008/gr_157870_2008.html
161http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2014/sep2014/gr_202666_2014.html
by the judge after examination under oath or affirmation of the complainant and the witnesses he may
produce, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.

A. Search and Seizure


Cases: 162
LEFT-1
000 # Alvarez v. Court of First Instance of Tayabas, GR L-45358, 29 January 1937, En Banc, Imperial [J] 163
000 # Pasion vda. de Garcia v. Judge Locsin, GR L-45950, 20 June 1938, En Banc, Laurel [J] 164
000 # Yee Sue Koy v. Almeda, GR 47021, 25 June 1940, En Banc, Laurel [J] 165
000 # Alvero v. Dizon, GR L-342, 3 May 1946, En Banc, De Joya [J] 166
000 # Amarga v. Judge Abbas, GR L-8666, 28 March 1956, Second Division, Paras [CJ] 167
000 # Stonehill v. Diokno, GR L-19550, 19 June 1967, En Banc, Concepcion [CJ] 168
000 # Papa v. Mago, GR L-27360, 28 February 1968, En Banc, Zaldivar [J] 169
000 # Bache & Co. (Phil.) Inc. v. Judge Ruiz, GR L-32409, 27 February 1971, En Banc, Villamor [J] 170
000 Villanueva v. Judge Querubin, GR L-26177, 27 December 1972, En Banc, Fernando [J] 171
000 # Lopez v. Commissioner of Customs, GR L-27968, 3 December 1975, Second Division, Fernando [J] 172
000 # Roldan v. Judge Arca, GR L-25434, 25 July 1975, First Division, Makasiar [J] 173
000 # People of the Philippines v. Court of First Instance of Rizal, Branch IX, Quezon City, GR L-41686, 17
November 1980, First Division, Guerrero [J] 174
000 # Burgos v. Chief of Staff, Armed Forces of the Philippines, GR L-64261, 26 December 1984, En Banc,
Escolin [J] 175
000 # Mata v. Bayona, GR L-50720, 26 March 1984, Second Division, De Castro [J] 176
000 # Nolasco v. Cruz Pano (1985)
000 Roan v. Judge Gonzales, GR 71410, 25 November 1986, En Banc, Cruz [J] 177
000 # Sta. Rosa Mining v. Zabala (1987)
000 # Olaes v. People (1987)
000 # People v. Cuenco (1988)
000 # People v. Aminnudin (1988)
000 # 20th Century Fox Film Corporation v. Court of Appeals, GRs 76649-51, 19 August 1988, Third
Division, Gutierrez Jr. [J] 178
000 # Pita v. Court of Appeals, GR 80806, 5 October 1989, En Banc, Sarmiento [J] 179
000 # Prudente v. Dayrit, GR 82870, 14 December 1989, En Banc, Padilla [J] 180
000 # Chia v. Collector of Customs (1989)
000 # People v. Inting (1990)
000 # People v. Ramos (1990)

RIGHT-1
000 # People v. Dela Cruz (1990)
162See also Zurcher v. Stanford Daily, 436 US 547 (1978); Wilson v. Layne, 98-0083, 24 May 1999; Chandler v. Miller, D-96-126, 15 April 1997; Chimel v. California, 395 US 752 (1964);
Arizona v. Hicks, 480 US 321 (1987); Terry v. Ohio, 392 US 1 (1968); Florida v. JL, 98-1993, 28 March 2000; Whren v. US, 95 -5841, 10 January 1996; Arkansas v. Sullivan, 00-00262,
29 May 2001; Camara v. Municipal Court, 387 US 523 (1967)
163http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1937/jan1937/gr_l-45358_1937.html
164http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1938/jun1938/gr_l-45950_1938.html
165http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1940/jun1940/gr_l-47021_1940.html
166http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1946/may1946/gr_l-342_1946.html
167http://www.chanrobles.com/cralaw/1956marchdecisions.php?id=98
168http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1967/jun1967/gr_l-19550_1967.html
169http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1968/feb1968/gr_l-27360_1968.html
170http://www.chanrobles.com/cralaw/1971februarydecisions.php?id=86
171http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1972/dec1972/gr_l_26177_1972.html
172http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1975/dec1975/gr_27968_1975.html
173http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1975/jul1975/gr_l_25434_1975.html
174http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1980/nov1980/gr_41686_1980.html
175http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1984/dec1984/gr_l64261_1984.html
176http://www.chanrobles.com/cralaw/1984marchdecisions.php?id=137
177http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1986/nov1986/gr_71410_1986.html
178http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/aug1988/gr_76649_51_1988.html
179http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/oct1989/gr_80806_1989.html
180http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/dec1989/gr_82870_1989.html
000 # People v. Tangliben (1990)
000 # De Villa v. Valmonte (1990)
000 # Umil v. Ramos (1990)
000 Guazon v. De Villa, GR 80508, 30 January 1990, En Banc, Gutierrez Jr. [J] 181
000 # People of the Philippines v. Marti, GR 81561, 18 January 1991, Third Division, Bidin [J] 182
000 # People v. Kalubiran (1991)
000 # People v. Malmstedt (1991)
000 # Paderanga v. Drilon (1991)
000 # People v. Sucro (1991)
000 # People v. Rodrigueza (1992)
000 # People v. Omaweng (1992)
000 # Veroy v. Layage (1992)
000 # People v. Damaso (1992)
000 # Go v. CA (1992)
000 # People v. Enrile (1993)
000 # People v. Gerente (1993)
000 # People v. Musa (1993)
000 People of the Philippines v. Exala, GR 76005, 23 April 1993, First Division, Bellosillo [J] 183
000 Columbia Pictures Inc. v. Flores, GR 78631, 29 June 1993, Third Division, Melo [J] 184
185
000 MHP Garments Inc. v. Court of Appeals, GR 86720, 2 September 1994, Second Division, Puno [J]
000 # People v. Barros (1994)
000 # People v. de Gracia (1994)
000 # Aniag v. Comelec (1994)
000 # People v. Balingan (1995)

LEFT-2
000 # Hizon v. CA (1996)
000 # People v. Solayao (1996)
000 Washington Distillers Inc. v. Court of Appeals, GR 118151, 22 August 1996, Second Division, Mendoza
[J]186
000 Columbia Pictures Inc. v. Court of Appeals, GR 110318, 28 August 1996, En Banc, Regalado [J] 187
000 Columbia Pictures Entertainment Inc. v. Court of Appeals, GR 111267, 20 September 1996, Second
Division, Romero [J] 188
000 # Padilla v. Court of Appeals, GR 121917, 12 March 1997, Third Division, Francisco [J] 189
000 # People v. Gatward (1997)
000 # People v. Sinoc (1997)
000 # Manalili v. CA (1997)
000 # Malacat v. CA (1997)
000 # People v. Correa (1998)
000 # Espano v. CA (1998)
000 People of the Philippines v. Estrada, GR 124461, 25 September 1998, Second Division, Martinez [J] 190
000 # People of the Philippines v. Chua Ho San, GR 128222, 17 June 1999, En Banc, Davide Jr. [CJ] 191
000 # PICOP v. Asuncion (1999)
000 # Asuncion v. CA (1999)
000 # People v. Doria (1999)
000 # People v. Cubcubin (2001)
000 # People v. Calimlim (2001)

181http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1990/jan1990/gr_80508_1990.html
182http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1991/jan1991/gr_81561_1991.html
183http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1993/apr1993/gr_76005_1993.html
184http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1993/jun1993/gr_78631_1993.html
185http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1994/sep1994/gr_86720_1994.html
186http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1996/aug1996/gr_118151_1996.html
187http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1996/aug1996/gr_110318_1996.html
188http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1996/sep1996/gr_111267_1996.html
189http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1997/mar1997/gr_121917_1997.html
190http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1998/sep1998/gr_124461_1998.html ; Fesolution available at http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/jun2000/gr_124461_2000.html
191http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/jun1999/gr_128222_1999.html
000 # People v. Pasudag (2001)
000 # People v. Plana (2001)
000 # People v. Conde (2001)
000 # People v. Baula (2000)
000 # People v. Valdez (2000)
000 # Bureau of Customs v. Ogario (2000)

RIGHT-2
000 # People v. Usana (2000)
000 # People v. Johnson (2000)
000 # Yousef al houl v. CA (2001)
000 # People v. Luisito Go (2001)
000 # People v. Compacion (2001)
000 # People v. De Guzman (2001)
000 # People of the Philippines v. Molina, GR 133917, 19 February 2001, En Banc, Ynares-Santiago [J] 192
000 # People of the Philippines v. Salanguit, GR 133254-55, 19 April 2001, Second Division, Mendoza [J] 193
000 # Solid Triangle Sales Corp. v. Sheriff of RTC QC, Branch 93, GR 144309, 23 November 2001, First
Division, Kapunan [J] 194
000 # Caballes v. CA (2002)
000 # People v. Asis (2002)
000 # People v. Suzuki (2003)
000 # People v. Tudtud (2003)
000 # People v. Estrella (2003)
000 # People v. Libnao (2003)
000 * Nala v. Barroso, GR 153087, 7 August 2003, First Division, Ynares-Santiago [J]
000 Microsoft Corporation v . Maxicorp Inc., GR 140946, 13 September 2004, First Division, Carpio [J] 195
000 Sony Music Entertainment (Phils.) Inc. v. Espanol, GR 156804, 14 March 2005, Third Division, Garcia
[J] 196
000 United Laboratories Inc. v. Isip, GR 163858, 28 June 2005, Second Division, Callejo Sr. [J] 197
000 Martinez v. People of the Philippines, GR 198694, 13 February 2013, Second Division, Perlas-Bernabe
[J] 198
000 Worldwide Web Corporation v. People of the Philippines, GR 161106, 13 January 2014, First Division,
Sereno [CJ] 199
000 * People of the Philippines v. Beran, GR 203028, 15 January 2014, First Division, Reyes [J] 200
000 Villanueva v. People of the Philippines, GR 199042, 17 November 2014, First Division, Sereno [CJ] 201
000 Joaquin v. Drilon, GR 108946, 28 January 1999, Second Division, Mendoza [J] 202
000 Ching v. Salinas, GR 161295, 29 June 2005, Second Division, Callejo Sr. [J] 203

B. Arrests
Cases:
LEFT
000 * Allado v. Diokno, GR 113630, 5 May 1994, First Division, Bellosillo [J] 204
205
000 # Abdula v. Guiani, GR 118821, 18 February 2000, Third Division, Gonzaga-Reyes [J]
RIGHT

192http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/feb2001/gr_133917_2001.html
193http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/apr2001/gr_133254_2001.html
194http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/nov2001/gr_144309_2001.html
195http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2004/sep2004/gr_140946_2004.html
196http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2005/mar2005/gr_156804_2005.html
197http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2005/jun2005/gr_163858_2005.html
198http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2013/feb2013/gr_198694_2013.html
199http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2014/jan2014/gr_161106_2014.html
200http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2014/jan2014/gr_203028_2014.html
201http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2014/nov2014/gr_199042_2014.html
202http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/jan1999/gr_108946_1999.html
203http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2005/jun2005/gr_161295_2005.html
204http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1994/may1994/gr_113630_1994.html
205http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/feb2000/gr_118821_2000.html
206
000 Sales v. Sandiganbayan, GR 143802, 16 November 2001, First Division, Ynares-Santiago [J]
000 * Cruz v. Judge Areola, AM RTJ-01-1642, 6 March 2002, First Division, Puno [J] 207

C. Custodial Investigation
Article III, Section 12, 1987 Constitution

Section 12.
(1) Any person under investigation for the commission of an offense shall have the right to be
informed of his right to remain silent and to have competent and independent counsel preferably of
his own choice. If the person cannot afford the services of counsel, he must be provided with one.
These rights cannot be waived except in writing and in the presence of counsel.
(2) No torture, force, violence, threat, intimidation, or any other means which vitiate the free will
shall be used against him. Secret detention places, solitary, incommunicado, or other similar forms of
detention are prohibited.
(3) Any confession or admission obtained in violation of this or Section 17 hereof shall be
inadmissible in evidence against him.
(4) The law shall provide for penal and civil sanctions for violations of this Section as well as
compensation to the rehabilitation of victims of torture or similar practices, and their families.

Cases: 208
LEFT-1
000 # Magtoto v. Manguera (1975)
000 # People v. Page (1977)
000 # People v. Tampus (1980)
000 # People v. Galit (1985)
209
000 People of the Philippines v. Esquillo, GR 71311, 31 March 1989, Third Division, Gutierrez Jr. [J]
000 # People v. Judge Ayson (1989)
000 # People v. Caguioa (1989)
000 # People v. Bolanos (1992)
000 # People v. Luvendino (1992)

RIGHT-1
000 # People v. Bandula (1994)
000 # People v. Barasina (1994)
000 # People v. Alicando (1995)
000 # People v. Rous (1995)
000 # People v. Wong Chuen Ming (1996)
000 # People v. Januario (1997)
000 # OCA v. Sumilang (1997)
000 # People v. Castro (1997)
000 # People v. Andan (1997)

LEFT-2
000 # People v. Gomez (1997)
000 # Gamboa v. Cruz (1998)
000 # People v. Quidato (1998)
000 # People v. Del Rosario (1999)
000 # People v. Mahinay (1999)
000 # People v. Labtan (1999)
000 # Marcelo v. Sandiganbayan (1999)
000 # People v. Gallardo (2000)

RIGHT-2

206http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/nov2001/gr_143802_2001.html
207http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2002/mar2002/am_rtj-01-1642_2002.html
208See also Miranda v. Arizona, 384 US 436 (1966); Rhode Island v. Innis, 446 US 291 (1980); US v. Wade, 388 U.S 218 (1967); Illinois v. Perkins, 496 US 292 (1990); Harris v. New
York, 401 US 222 (1971); New York v. Quarles, 104 US 2626 (1984)
209http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/feb1989/gr_71311_1989.html
000 # People v. Ordono (2000)
000 # People v. Morial (2001)
000 # People v. Endino (2001)
000 # People v. Lugod (2001)
000 # People v. Escordial (2002)
000 # People v. Piedad (2002)
000 # People v. Samus (2002)
000 # People v. Guillermo (2004)

X. Writs of Habeas Corpus, Amparo, and Habeas Data


A. Habeas Corpus
Article III, Section 15, 1987 Constitution

Section 15. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended except in cases of
invasion or rebellion, when the public safety requires it.

Cases:
LEFT-1
000 Mekin v. Wolfe, GR 1251, 27 March 1903, En Banc, Cooper [J] 210
000 # Villavicencio v. Lukban (1919)
000 Nava v. Gatmaitan, GR L-4855, 11 October 1951, En Banc, Paras [CJ] 211
212
000 Saulo v. Cruz, GR L-14819, 19 March 1959, En Banc Resolution, Concepcion [J]; Saulo v. Cruz, GR
L-15474, 31 August 1960, En Banc, Reyes JBL [J] 213

RIGHT-1
000 # Chavez v. CA (1968)
000 # Lansang v. Garcia (1971)
000 # Gumabon v. Director of Prisons (1971)
000 # Moncupa v. Enrile (1986)

LEFT-2
000 # In RE Abadilla (1987)
214
000 Suarez v. Court of Appeals, GR 83251, 23 January 1991, First Division, Medialdea [J]
000 Velasco v. Court of Appeals, GR 118644, 7 July 1995, First Division, Davide Jr. [J] 215
000 # Feria v. CA (2000)

RIGHT-2
000 # Ilusorio v. Bildner (2000)
000 Reyes-Tabujara v. Court of Appeals, GR 172813, 20 July 2006, First Division, Chico-Nazario [J] 216
000 In RE Petition for Habeas Corpus of Minor Shang Ko Vingson Yu, UDK 14817, 13 January 2014,
Third Division, Abad [J] 217
000 Lee Yick Hon v. Insular Collector of Customs, GR L-16779, 30 March 1921, En Banc, Street [J] 218

B. Amparo
See AM 07-9-12-SC (2007)

Cases:
LEFT

210http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1903/mar1903/gr_1251_1903.html
211http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1951/oct1951/gr_l-4855_1951.html
212http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1959/mar1959/gr_l-14819_1959.html
213http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1960/aug1960/gr_l-15474_1960.html
214http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1991/jan1991/gr_83251_1991.html
215http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1995/jul1995/gr_118644_1995.html
216http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2006/jul2006/gr_172813_2006.html
217http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2014/jan2014/udk_14817_2014.html
218http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1921/mar1921/gr_l-16779_1921.html
000 Tapuz v. Judge del Rosario, GR 182484, 17 June 2008, En Banc Resolution, Brion [J] 219
000 * Secretary of National Defense v. Manalo, GR 180906, 7 October 2008, En Banc, Puno [CJ] 220
000 * Castillo v. Cruz, GR 182165, 25 November 2009, En Banc, Carpio Morales [J] 221
000 * Razon v. Tagitis, GR 182498, 3 December 2009, En Banc, Brion [J] 222
000 * Rubrico v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR 183871, 18 February 2010, En Banc, Velasco Jr. [J] 223
RIGHT
000 * Roxas v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR 189155, 7 September 2010, En Banc, Perez [J] 224
000 * Boac v. Cadapan, GRs 184461-62, 31 May 2011, En Banc, Carpio Morales [J] 225
000 Rodriguez v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR 191805, 15 November 2011, En Banc, Sereno [J]; 226 See also
Rodriguez v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR 191805, 16 April 2013, En Banc Resolution, Sereno [CJ] 227
000 * Navia v. Pardico, GR 184467, 19 June 2012, En Banc, Del Castillo [J] 228
000 Yusa v. Segui, GR 193652, 5 August 2014, En Banc, Villarama Jr. [J] 229

C. Habeas Data
See AM 08-1-16-SC (2008)
Cases:
LEFT
230
000 Manila Electric Company v. Lim, GR 184769, 5 October 2010, En Banc, Carpio Morales [J]

RIGHT
231
000 * Gamboa v. Chan, GR 193636, 24 July 2013, En Banc, Sereno [J]

XI. Bail
Article III, Section 13, 1987 Constitution

Section 13. All persons, except those charged with offenses punishable by reclusion perpetua when
evidence of guilt is strong, shall, before conviction, be bailable by sufficient sureties, or be released on
recognizance as may be provided by law. The right to bail shall not be impaired even when the privilege
of the writ of habeas corpus is suspended. Excessive bail shall not be required.

Cases:
LEFT-1
000 # Herras Teehankee v. Rovira (1945)
000 # People of the Philippines v. Hernandez, GRs L-6025-26, 18 July 1956, En Banc Resolution,
Concepcion [J]232
000 # Villasenor v. Abano (1967)
000 # People v. San Diego (1968)
000 # De la Camara v. Enage (1971)
000 # Almeda v. Villaluz (1975)

RIGHT-1
000 # Manotoc v. CA (1980)
000 # Enrile v. Salazar (1990)
000 # People v. Judge Donato (1991)

219http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2008/jun2008/gr_182484_2008.html
220http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2008/oct2008/gr_180906_2008.html
221http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2009/nov2009/gr_182165_2009.html
222http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2009/dec2009/gr_182498_2009.html ; Resolution available at http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2010/jun2010/gr_182498_2010.html
223http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2010/feb2010/gr_183871_2010.html
224http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2010/sep2010/gr_189155_2010.html
225http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2011/may2011/gr_184461_2011.html
226http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2011/nov2011/gr_191805_2011.html
227http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2013/apr2013/gr_191805_2013.html
228http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2012/jun2012/gr_184467_2012.html
229http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2014/aug2014/gr_193652_2014.html
230http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2010/oct2010/gr_184769_2010.html
231http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2012/jul2012/gr_193636_2012.html
232http://www.chanrobles.com/cralaw/1956julydecisions.php?id=244
000 # People v. Fortes (1993)
000 # Paderanga v. Drilon (1995)
000 # Cortes v. Judge Catral (1997)

LEFT-2
000 # Obosa v. CA (1997)
000 # Go v. Bongolan (1999)
000 # Lavides v. CA (2000)
000 # People v. Gako (2000)
000 # Maguddatu v. CA (2000)
000 # Yap v. CA (2001)

RIGHT-2
000 # Cabanero v. Canon (2001)
000 # Government v. Judge Puruganan (2002)
000 # Marallag v. Judge Cloribel (2002)
000 Martinez v. Judge Paguio, AM MTJ-02-1419, 27 December 2002, Second Division, Callejo Sr. [J] 233
000 Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region v. Judge Olalia, GR 153675, 19 April 2007,
En Banc, Sandoval-Gutierrez [J] 234
000 Leviste v. Alameda, GR 182677, 3 August 2010, Third Division, Carpio Morales [J] 235

XII. Rights of the Accused


Article III, Section 14, 1987 Constitution

Section 14.
(1) No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense without due process of law.
(2) In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall be presumed innocent until the contrary is proved,
and shall enjoy the right to be heard by himself and counsel, to be informed of the nature and cause
of the accusation against him, to have a speedy, impartial, and public trial, to meet the witnesses face
to face, and to have compulsory process to secure the attendance of witnesses and the production of
evidence in his behalf. However, after arraignment, trial may proceed notwithstanding the absence of
the accused: Provided, that he has been duly notified and his failure to appear is unjustifiable.

Cases:236
LEFT-1
000 # US v. Garcia (1908)
000 # US v. Javier (1918)
000 # Conde v. Rivera (1924)
000 # People v. Sandal (1938)
000 # People v. Holgado (1950)
000 # People v. Mingoa (1953)
000 # Acevedo v. Sarmiento (1970)
000 # Garcia v. Domingo (1970)
000 # People v. Dramayo (1971)
000 # Borja v. Mendoza (1977)
000 # People v. Malunsing (1975)
000 # Aquino v. Military Commission 63 (1975)
000 # People v. Baluyot (1977)
000 # People v. Prieto (1978)
000 # Dumlao v. Comelec (1980)
000 # People v. Magsi (1983)
000 # Delgado v. CA (1986)

RIGHT-1

233http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2002/dec2002/am_mtj-02-1419_2002.html
234http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2007/apr2007/gr_153675_2007.html
235http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2010/aug2010/gr_182677_2010.html
236See also Tumey v. Ohio, 273 US 510 (1927)
000 # People v. Salas (1986)
000 # Alejandro v. Pepito (1988)
000 # People v. Laya (1988)
000 # Gimenez v. Nazareno (1989)
000 # People v. De Luna (1989)
000 Gonzales v. Judge of Branch I, Regional Trial Court of Bohol, GR 75856, 4 June 1990, Third Division,
Fernan [CJ] 237
000 # Carredo v. People (1990)
000 People of the Philippines v. Rio, GR 90294, 24 September 1991, Second Division, Padilla [J] 238
000 # Feeder International Line v. CA (1991)
000 # Corpuz v. People (1991)
000 # People v. Martos (1992)
000 # Dizon Pamintuan v. People (1994)
000 # Dacanay v. People (1995)
000 People of the Philippines v. Tampal, GR 102485, 22 May 1995, Second Division, Puno [J] 239
000 # Moslares v. Court of Appeals, GR 129744, 26 June 1998, Second Division, Melo [J] 240
000 # People v. Daiosa (1998)

LEFT-2
000 # People v. Perez (1998)
000 # People v. Lozano (1998)
000 # People v. Ladrillo (1999)
000 People of the Philippines v. Sevilleno, GR 129058, 29 March 1999, En Banc, Bellosillo [J] 241
000 # People v. Lumilan (2000)
000 # Evangelista v. People (2000)
000 # Solar Team Entertainment v. How (2000)
000 # Soriano v. Angeles (2000)
000 # People v. Valdesancho (2001)
000 # People v. Rivera (2001)
000 # Perez v. Estrada (2001)
242
000 # Abardo v. Sandiganbayan, GRs 139571-72, 28 March 2001, Third Division, Gonzaga-Reyes [J]
000 # People v. Alcaide (2002)
000 # People v. Dy (2002)
000 # People v. Flores (2002)
000 Guiani v. Sandiganbayan, GRs 146897-917, 6 August 2002, En Banc, Ynares-Santiago [J] 243

RIGHT-2
000 # People v. Ostia (2003)
000 Gochan v. Gochan, GR 143089, 27 February 2003, Third Division, Panganiban [J] 244
000 Cruz v. Judge Iturralde, AM RTJ-03-1775, 30 April 2003, Third Division, Panganiban [J] 245
000 People of the Philippines v. Ferrer, GR 148821, 18 July 2003, En Banc, Davide [CJ] 246
000 Soriano v. Court of Appeals, GR 128938, 4 June 2004, Second Division, Tinga [J] 247
000 * Corpuz v. Sandiganbayan, GR 162214, 11 November 2004, Second Division, Callejo Sr. [J] 248
000 Pagoda Philippines v. Universal Canning Inc., GR 160966, 11 October 2005, Third Division,
Panganiban [J] 249

237http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1990/jun1990/gr_75856_1990.html
238http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1991/sep1991/gr_90294_1991.html
239http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1995/may1995/gr_102485_1995.html
240http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1998/jun1998/gr_129744_1998.html
241http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/mar1999/gr_129058_1999.html
242http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/mar2001/gr_139571_2001.html
243http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2002/aug2002/gr_146897_2002.html
244http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2003/feb2003/gr_143089_2003.html
245http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2003/apr2003/am_rtj-03-1775_2003.html
246http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2003/jul2003/gr_148821_2003.html
247http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2004/jun2004/gr_128938_2004.html
248http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2004/nov2004/gr_162214_2004.html
249http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2005/oct2005/gr_160966_2005.html
000 Domondon v. Sandiganbayan, GR 166606, 29 November 2005, First Division, Ynares-Santiago [J] 250
000 * Uy v. Adriano, GR 159098, 27 October 2006, First Division, Callejo Sr. [J] 251
000 * Tan v. People of the Philippines, GR 173637, 21 April 2009, Third Division, Chico-Nazario [J] 252
000 Villareal v. People of the Philippines, GR 151258, 1 February 2012, Second Division, Sereno [J] 253
000 Go v. People of the Philippines, GR 185527, 18 July 2012, Third Division, Perlas-Bernabe [J] 254
000 Swire Realty Development Corporation v. Yu, GR 207133, 9 March 2015, Third Division, Peralta [J] 255
000 People of the Philippines v. Dimacuha, GR 191060, 2 February 2015, Second Division Resolution, Del
Castillo [J] 256
000 Manila Mining Corporation v. Amor, GR 182800, 20 April 2015, First Division, Perez [J] 257
000 People of the Philippines v. Nuyok, GR 195424, 15 June 2015, First Division, Bersamin [J] 258

XIII. Right against Self-incrimination


Article III, Section 17, 1987 Constitution

Section 17. No person shall be compelled to be a witness against himself.

Cases: 259
LEFT
000 # US v. Tan Teh (1912)
000 # US v. Ong Siu Hong (1917)
000 # Villaflor v. Summers (1920)
000 # Beltran v. Samson (1929)
000 # Bermudez v. Castillo (1937)
000 # People v. Otadura (1950)

RIGHT
000 # Chavez v. CA (1968)
000 # Pascual v. Board of Medical Examiners (1969)
000 # Galman v. Pamaran (1985)
000 # People v. Tranca (1994)
000 # People v. Rondero (1999)
000 # People v. Gallarde (2000)

XIV. Access to courts and quasi-judicial bodies, and speedy disposition of cases
A. Access to courts and quasi-judicial bodies
Article III, Section 11, 1987 Constitution

Section 11. Free access to the courts and quasi-judicial bodies and adequate legal assistance shall not
be denied to any person by reason of poverty.

Cases:
LEFT
000 * Algura v. Local Government Unit of the City of Naga, GR 150135, 30 October 2006, Third Division,
Velasco Jr. [J] 260

RIGHT
000 RE Letter of Chief Public Attorney requesting exemption from payment of Sheriff's expenses, AM

250http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2005/nov2005/gr_166606_2005.html
251http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2006/oct2006/gr_159098_2006.html
252http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2009/apr2009/gr_173637_2009.html
253http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2012/feb2012/gr_151258_2012.html
254http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2012/jul2012/gr_185527_2012.html
255http://www.chanrobles.com/cralaw/2015marchdecisions.php?id=199
256http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2015/feb2015/gr_191060_2015.html
257http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2015/apr2015/gr_182800_2015.html
258http://www.chanrobles.com/cralaw/2015junedecisions.php?id=496
259See also South Dakota v. Neville, 459 US 553 (1983); Schemerber v. California, 384 US 553 (1966); Brown v. Walker, 161 US 591
260http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2006/oct2006/gr_150135_2006.html
261
11-10-03-O, 30 July 2013, En Banc Resolution, Reyes [J]

B. Speedy Disposition of Cases


Article III, Section 16, 1987 Constitution

Section 16. All persons shall have the right to a speedy disposition of their cases before all judicial, quasi-
judicial, or administrative bodies.

Cases:
LEFT
000 # Tatad v. Sandiganbayan, GR 72335-39, 21 March 1988, En Banc, Yap [J] 262
263
000 Guerrero v. Court of Appeals, GR 107211, 28 June 1996, Third Division, Panganiban [J]
000 Angchangco v. Ombudsman, GR 122728, 13 February 1997, Third Division, Melo [J] 264
000 # Duterte v. Sandiganbayan, GR 130191, 27 April 1998, Third Division, Kapunan [J] 265
000 Binay v. Sandiganbayan, GRs 120681-83, 1 October 1999, En Banc, Kapunan [J] 266
000 Dansal v. Judge Fernandez, GR 126814, 2 March 2000, Third Division, Purisima [J]

RIGHT
000 De Vera v. Judge Layague, AM RTJ-93-986, 26 September 2000, First Division Resolution, Ynares-
Santiago [J] 267
000 Almario v. Court of Appeals, GR 127772, 22 March 2001, Second Division, Quisumbing [J] 268
000 # Lopez v. Office of the Ombudsman, GR 140529, 6 September 2001, Third Division, Gonzaga-Reyes [J]
269

000 # Licaros v. Sandiganbayan, GR 145851, 22 November 2001, En Banc, Panganiban [J] 270
000 Mendoza-Ong v. Sandiganbayan, GRs 146368-69, 18 October 2004, Special Second Division
Resolution, Quisumbing [J] 271
000 Coscolluela v. Sandiganbayan, GR 191411, 15 July 2013, Second Division, Perlas-Bernabe [J] 272

XV. Punishment, Involuntary Servitude, Double Jeopardy, Ex-Post Fact Laws, and Bills of Attainder
A. Involuntary Servitude
Article III, Section 18, 1987 Constitution

Section 18.
(1) No person shall be detained solely by reason of his political beliefs and aspirations.
(2) No involuntary servitude in any form shall exist except as a punishment for a crime whereof the
party shall have been duly convicted.

Cases:
LEFT
000 United States v. Cabanag, GR 3241, 16 March 1907, En Banc, Tracey [J] 273
000 People of the Philippines v. Lagman, GR 45892, 13 July 1938, En Banc, Avancena [J] 274
000 Kaisahan ng mga Manggagawa sa Kahoy sa Pilipinas v. Gotamco Saw Mill, GR L-1573, 29 March

261http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2013/jul2013/am_11-10-03-O_2013.html
262http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/mar1988/gr_72335_39_1988.html
263http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1996/jun1996/gr_107211_1996.html
264http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1997/feb1997/gr_122728_1997.html
265http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1998/apr1998/gr_130191_1998.html
266http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/oct1999/gr_120681_83_1999.html
267http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/mar2000/gr_126814_2000.html
268http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/mar2001/gr_127772_2001.html
269http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/sep2001/gr_140529_2001.html
270http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2001/nov2001/gr_145851_2001.html
271http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2004/oct2004/gr_146368_2004.html ; Another Resolution available at http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2003/oct2003/gr_146368_2003.html
272http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2013/jul2013/gr_191411_2013.html
273http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1907/mar1907/gr_3241_1907.html
274http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1938/jul1938/gr_l-45892_1938.html
1948, En Banc, Hilado [J] 275

RIGHT
000 # In RE Petition for Habeas Corpus. Aclaracion v. Gatmaitan, GR L-39115, 26 May 1975, En Banc,
Aquino [J] 276
000 Philippine Refining Company Workers' Union (CLO) v. Philippine Refining Co., GR L-1669, 29 March
1948, En Banc, Hilado [J] 277
000 Sarmiento v. Judge Tuico, GRs 75271-73, 27 June 1988, First Division, Cruz [J] 278

B. Non-Imprisonment for Debt


Article III, Section 20, 1987 Constitution

Section 20. No person shall be imprisoned for debt or non-payment of a poll tax.

Cases:
LEFT
000 United States v. Beltran, GR 16480, 11 December 1920, En Banc, Malcolm [J] 279
000 # People of the Philippine Islands v. Linsangan, GR 43290, 21 December 1935, En Banc, Abad Santos
[J] 280
000 # Sura v. Martin, GR L-25091, 29 November 1968, En Banc, Capistrano [J] 281
000 # Lozano v. Martinez, GR L-63419, 18 December 1986, En Banc, Yap [J] 282

RIGHT
000 # People of the Philippines v. Nitafan, GR 75954, 22 October 1992, En Banc, Bellosillo [J] 283
000 Tiomico v. Court of Appeals, GR 122539, 4 March 1999, Third Division, Purisima [J] 284
000 # In RE Petition for Habeas Corpus of Vergara. Vergara v. Judge Gedorio, GR 154037, 30 April 2003,
Second Division, Austria-Martinez [J] 285

C. Cruel and Unusual Punishments


Article III, Section 19, 1987 Constitution

Section 19.
(1) Excessive fines shall not be imposed, nor cruel, degrading or inhuman punishment inflicted.
Neither shall death penalty be imposed, unless, for compelling reasons involving heinous crimes, the
Congress hereafter provides for it. Any death penalty already imposed shall be reduced to reclusion
perpetua.
(2) The employment of physical, psychological, or degrading punishment against any prisoner or
detainee or the use of substandard or inadequate penal facilities under subhuman conditions shall be
dealt with by law.

Cases: 286
LEFT-1
000 Legarda v. Valdez, GR 513, 25 February 1902, En Banc, Willard [J] 287
288
000 # People of the Philippines v. Dela Cruz, GR L-5790, 17 April 1953, En Banc, Bengzon [J]

275http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1948/mar1948/gr_l-1573_1948.html
276http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1975/may1975/gr_39115_1975.html
277http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1948/mar1948/gr_l-1668_1948.html
278http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/jun1988/gr_75271_73_1988.html
279http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1920/dec1920/gr_l-16480_1920.html
280http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1935/dec1935/gr_l-43290_1935.html
281http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1968/nov1968/gr_l-25091_1968.html
282http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1986/dec1986/gr_63419_1986.html
283http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1992/oct1992/gr_75954_1992.html
284http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/mar1999/gr_122539_1999.html
285http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2003/apr2003/gr_154037_2003.html
286See also Louisiana v. Resweber, 329 US 459 (1947); Ford v. Wainwright, 477 US 399 (1986)
287http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1902/feb1902/gr_513_1902.html
288http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1953/apr1953/gr_l-5790_1953.html
000 People of the Philippines v. Estoista, GR L-5793, 3 December 1953, En Banc Resolution, Tuason [J]
289

000 People of the Philippines v. Dionisio, GR L-25513, 27 March 1968, En Banc, Reyes JBL [Acting CJ] 290
000 # Veniegas v. People of the Philippines, GRs L-57601-06, 30 July 1982, En Banc Resolution, Abad
Santos [J] 291
000 People of the Philippines v. Puda, GR L-33841, 31 October 1984, En Banc, Gutierrez Jr. [J] 292

RIGHT-1
000 # People of the Philippines v. Judge Dacuycuy, GR L-45127, 5 May 1989, En Banc, Regalado [J] 293
000 Baylosis v. Chavez, GR 95136, 3 October 1991, En Banc, Narvasa [J] 294
000 * People of the Philippines v. Echegaray, GR 117472, 7 February 1997, En Banc, Per Curiam 295
000 # Echegaray v. Secretary of Justice, GR 132601, 12 October 1998, En Banc, Per Curiam; 296 See also
Echegaray v. Secretary of Justice, GR 132601, 19 January 1999, En Banc Resolution, Puno [J] 297
000 In RE Petition for Habeas Corpus of Alejano. Alejano v. Cabuay, GR 160792, 25 August 2005, En
Banc, Carpio [J] 298

LEFT-2
000 Perez v. People of the Philippines, GR 164763, 12 February 2008, Third Division, Reyes RT [J] 299
000 * Corpuz v. People of the Philippines, GR 180016, 29 April 2014, En Banc, Peralta [J] 300
000 People of the Philippines v. Tiu Ua, GR L-6793, 31 March 1955, En Banc, Jugo [J] 301
000 # People of the Philippines v. Borja, GR L-22947, 12 July 1979, En Banc, Abad Santos [J] 302
000 # People of the Philippines v. Camano, GRs L-36662-63, 30 July 1982, En Banc, Concepcion Jr. [J] 303

RIGHT-2
000 People of the Philippines v. Marcos, GR L-65048, 9 January 1987, En Banc, Alampay [J] 304
000 People of the Philippines v. Alejandro, GR 94644, 17 August 1993, First Division, Cruz [J] 305
000 People of the Philippines v. Tongko, GR 123567, 5 June 1998, Second Division, Puno [J] 306
000 People of the Philippines v. Alicante, GRs 127026-27, 31 May 2000, En Banc, Per Curiam 307
000 People of the Philippines v. Mercado, GR 116239, 29 November 2000, En Banc, Per Curiam 308

D. Double jeopardy
Article III, Section 21, 1987 Constitution

Section 21. No person shall be twice put in jeopardy of punishment for the same offense. If an act is
punished by a law and an ordinance, conviction or acquittal under either shall constitute a bar to another
prosecution for the same act.

Cases:

289http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1953/aug1953/gr_l-5793_1953.html
290http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1968/mar1968/gr_l-25513_1968.html
291http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1982/jul1982/gr_l_57601_06_1982.html
292http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1984/oct1984/gr_l33841_1984.html
293http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/may1989/gr_45127_1989.html
294http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1991/oct1991/gr_95136_1991.html
295http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1997/feb1997/gr_117472_1999.html
296http://sc.judiciary.gov.ph/jurisprudence/1998/oct1998/132601.htm
297http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/jan1999/gr_132601_1999.html
298http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2005/aug2005/gr_160792_2005.html
299http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2008/feb2008/gr_164763_2008.html
300http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2014/apr2014/gr_180016_2014.html
301http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1955/mar1955/gr_l-6793_1955.html
302http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1979/jul1979/gr_l_22947_1979.html
303http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1982/jul1982/gr_l_36662_63_1982.html
304http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1987/jan1987/gr_l_65048_1987.html
305http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1993/aug1993/gr_94644_1993.html
306http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1998/jun1998/gr_123567_1998.html
307http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/may2000/gr_127026_2000.html
308http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/nov2000/gr_116239_2000.html
LEFT-1
000 # Melo v. People of the Philippines, GR L-3580, 22 March 1950, En Banc, Moran [CJ] 309
000 # People of the Philippines v. Obsania, GR L-24447, 29 June 1968, En Banc, Castro [J] 310
000 # People of the Philippines v. Yorac, GR L-29270, 23 November 1971, En Banc, Fernando [J] 311
000 # Flores v. Enrile, GR L-38440, 20 July 1982, En Banc, Concepcion Jr. [J] 312
000 # People of the Philippines v. Milflores, GRs L-32144-45, 30 July 1982, Second Division, Barredo [J] 313
000 # People of the Philippines v. Judge Bocar, GR L-27935, 16 August 1985, Second Division, Makasiar
[CJ]
000 # Galman v. Sandiganbayan (First Division), GR 72670, 12 September 1986, En Banc Resolution,
Teehankee [CJ] 314

RIGHT-1
000 # People of the Philippines v. Judge Relova, GR L-45129, 6 March 1987, First Division, Feliciano [J] 315
000 # People of the Philippines v. City Court of Manila, GR L-36528, 24 September 1987, En Banc, Padilla
[J] 316
000 # Heirs of Rillorta v. Judge Firme, GR L-54904, 29 January 1988, First Division, Cruz [J] 317
000 # Cruz v. Enrile, GR 75983, 15 April 1988, En Banc, Narvasa [J] 318
000 # Perez v. Court of Appeals, GR 80838, 29 November 1988, Third Division, Cortes [J] 319
000 # People of the Philippines v. Judge Grospe, GRs L-45053-54, 20 January 1988, Second Division,
Melencio-Herrera [J]

LEFT-2
000 # People of the Philippines v. Judge Santiago, GR 80778, 20 June 1989, First Division, Gancayco [J] 320
000 # Que v. Judge Cosico, GR 81861, 8 September 1989, Third Division, Gutierrez Jr. [J] 321
000 # Caes v. Intermediate Appellate Court (Fourth Special Cases Division), GRs 74989-90, 6 November
1989, First Division, Cruz [J] 322
000 # Tan v. Barrios, GRs 85481-82, 18 October 1990, En Banc, Grino-Aquino [J] 323
000 # People of the Philippines v. Tiozon, GR 89823, 19 June 1991, Third Division, Davide Jr. [J] 324
000 # Icasiano v. Sandiganbayan (First Division), GR 95642, 28 May 1992, En Banc, Padilla [J] 325

RIGHT-2
000 # People of the Philippines v. Judge Villarama, GR 99287, 23 June 1992, First Division, Medialdea [J] 326
000 # People of the Philippines v. Judge Vergara, GRs 101557-58, 28 April 1993, First Division, Bellosillo [J]
327

000 # Tupaz v. Judge Ulep, GR 127777, 1 October 1999, First Division, Pardo [J] 328
000 # People of the Philippines v. Sandiganbayan (Fourth Division), GR 140633, 4 February 2002, Third
Division, Sandoval-Gutierrez [J] 329

309http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1950/mar1950/gr_l-3580_1950.html
310http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1968/jun1968/gr_l-24447_1968.html
311http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1971/nov1971/gr_29270_1971.html
312http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1982/jul1982/gr_l_38440_1982.html
313http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1982/jul1982/gr_l_32144_45_1982.html
314http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1986/sep1986/gr_72670_1986.html
315http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1987/mar1987/gr_l_45129_1987.html
316http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1987/sep1987/gr_l_36528_1987.html
317http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/jan1988/gr_l_54904_1988.html
318http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/apr1988/gr_75983_1988.html
319http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/nov1988/gr_l_80838_1988.html
320http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/jun1989/gr_l80778_1989.html
321http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/sep1989/gr_81816_1989.html
322http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/nov1989/gr_74989_90_1989.html
323http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1990/oct1990/gr_85481_1990.html
324http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1991/jun1991/gr_89823_1991.html
325http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1992/may1992/gr_95642_1992.html
326http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1992/jun1992/gr_99287_1992.html
327http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1993/apr1993/gr_101557_58_1993.html
328http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1999/oct1999/gr_127777_1999.html
329http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2002/feb2002/gr_140633_2002.html
000 Sanvicente v. People of the Philippines, GR 132081, 26 November 2002, First Division, Ynares-
Santiago [J]330
000 # Nierras v. Judge Dacuycuy, GRs 59568-76, 11 January 1990, En Banc, Paras [J] 331

E. Ex-post facto laws and Bills of attainder


Article III, Section 22, 1987 Constitution

Section 22. No ex post facto law or bill of attainder shall be enacted.

1. Bill of Attainder
Cases:
LEFT
000 # In RE Petition for declaration of petitioner's rights and duties under Sec. 8, RA 6132. Kay Villegas
Kami, GR L-32485, 22 October 1970, En Banc, Makasiar [J] 332
000 # People of the Philippines v. Judge Ferrer, GRs L-32613-14, 27 December 1972, En Banc, Castro [J] 333

RIGHT
000 # Misolas v. Panga, GR 83341, 30 January 1990, En Banc, Cortes [J] 334

2. Ex post facto Laws


Cases:
LEFT
335
000 # Mejia v. Pamaran, GRs L-56741-42, 15 April 1988, En Banc, Gancayco [J]

RIGHT
000 # People of the Philippines v. Sandiganbayan, GR 101724, 3 July 1992, En Banc, Grino-Aquino [J] 336
000 # Wright v. Court of Appeals, GR 113213, 15 August 1994, First Division, Kapunan [J] 337

330http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2002/nov2002/gr_132081_2002.html
331http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1990/jan1990/gr_l_59568_76_1990.html
332http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1970/oct1970/gr_32485_1970.html
333http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1972/dec1972/gr_l_32613_14_1972.html
334http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1990/jan1990/gr_83341_1990.html
335http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1988/apr1988/gr_l_56741_42_1988.html
336http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1992/jul1992/gr_101724_1992.html
337http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1994/aug1994/gr_113213_1994.html