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Revision: A
Issued: April 2004
Data subject to change without notice

)HDWXUHV • A terminal with extensive configuration • Versatile local human-machine interface


possibilities and expandable hardware (LED-HMI)
design to meet specific user requirements
• Extensive self-supervision with internal
• Wide range of phase and residual overcur- event recorder
rent protection functions
• Time synchronization with 1 ms resolution
• Non-directional and directional phase over-
• Four independent groups of complete set-
current protection
ting parameters
• Non-directional and directional residual
• Powerful software PC ‘tool-box’ for setting,
overcurrent protection
monitoring, evalution and user configura-
• One- and three-pole tripping logic tion

)XQFWLRQV • Impedance - Sensitive directional residual power pro-


tection (WEF2)
- General fault criteria, impedance and
current based (GFCzi) - Scheme communication logic for resid-
ual overcurrent protection (EFC)
- General fault criteria, impedance and
current based, with phase preference - Current reversal and weak end infeed
logic (GFCppl-zi) logic for residual overcurrent protection
(EFCA)
- Scheme communication logic (ZCOM)
- Thermal overload protection (THOL)
- Current reversal and weak end infeed
logic (ZCAL) - Stub protection (STUB)
- Radial feeder protection (PAP) - Pole discordance protection, current
and contact based (PD)
- Automatic switch onto fault logic (SOTF)
- Breaker failure protection (BFP)
• Current
• Voltage
- Instantaneous non-directional phase
overcurrent protection (IOCph) - Time delayed undervoltage protection
(TUV)
- Definite time non-directional phase
overcurrent protection (TOCph) - Time delayed overvoltge protection
(TOV)
- Definite time non-directional residual
overcurrent protection (TOCr) - Time delayed residual overvoltage pro-
tection (TOVr)
- Two step time delayed non-directional
phase overcurrent protection (TOC2) • Power system supervision
- Two step time delayed directional phase - Broken conductor check (BRC)
overcurrent protection (TOC3)
- Loss of voltage check (LOV)
- Four step time delayed directional resid-
- Overload supervision (OVLD)
ual overcurrent protection (EF4)
- Dead line detection (DLD)
- Sensitive directional residual overcur-
rent protection (WEF1) • Secondary system supervision
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- Current circuit supervision, current - Single, two or three pole tripping logic
based (CTSU) (TR01-1/2/3)
- Fuse failure supervision, negative - Additional single, two or three pole trip-
sequence (FUSEns) ping logic (TR02-1/2/3)
- Fuse failure supervision, zero sequence - Pole discordance logic (PDc)
(FUSEzs)
- Additional configurable logic blocks
- Fuse failure supervision, du/dt and di/dt (CL2)
based (FUSEdb)
- Communication channel test logic
- Voltage transformer supervision (TCT) (CCHT)
• Control - Binary signal transfer to remote end
(RTC12)
- Single command, 16 signals (CD)
- Multiple command, one fast block with
- Synchro-check and energizing-check,
16 signals (CM1)
single circuit breaker (SYN1)
- Multiple command, 79 medium speed
- Synchro-check and energizing-check,
blocks each with 16 signals (CM79)
double circuit breakers (SYN12)
- Six event counters (CN)
- Synchro-check with synchronizing and
energizing-check, double circuit breaker • Monitoring
(SYNsy1)
- Disturbance recorder (DR)
- Synchro-check with synchronizing and
- Event recorder (ER)
energizing-check, double circuit breaker
(SYNsy12) - Fault locator (FLOC)
- Autorecloser - 1- and/or 3-phase, single - Trip value recorder (TVR)
circuit breaker (AR1-1/3) - Increased accuracy of AC input quatities
- Autorecloser - 1- and/or 3-phase, double (IMA)
circuit breakers (AR12-1/3) - Supervision of AC input quantities (DA)
- Autorecloser - 3-phase, single circuit - Supervision of mA input quantities (MI)
breaker (AR1-3)
• Metering capabilities
- Autorecloser- 3-phase, double circuit
breaker (AR12-3) - Pulse counter logic for metering (PC)
• Hardware
• Logic
- 18 LEDs for extended indication capabil-
- Three pole tripping logic (TR01-3)
ities
- Additional three pole tripping logic
• Several input/output module options includ-
(TR02-3)
ing measuring mA input module (for trans-
ducers)

$SSOLFDWLRQ The main purpose of the REL 505 terminal is • Four stage residual overcurrent protec-
to provide a protection terminal suitable for tion (EF4) including a sensitive stage for
phase and residual overcurrent protection solidly earthed systems. Each stage is
applications. REL 505 is a well-equipped ter- individually settable non-directional/
minal that can be used as main or back-up directional/second harmonic restrained.
protection for both solidly earthed and high
impedance earthed systems. • Autorecloser (AR) and switch onto fault
function (SOTF, TOC) with an overcur-
The basic version of REL 505 is equipped rent function exclusively for this function.
with a comprehensive functionality e.g.
REL 505 has also a great number of optional
• Three stage phase overcurrent protection functions e.g. underimpedance protection,
(IOC, TOC3) breaker failure protection, sensitive direc-
tional residual overcurrent protection for high
impedance earthed systems, synchrocheck
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and energizing check, disturbance recorder, ual overcurrent protection functions can be
fault locator. used in the directional comparison mode by
utilizing the scheme communication logics
The extensive functionality and the powerful and communication channels. The phase seg-
and flexible configuration possibilities make regated trip logic makes it possible to use the
REL 505 suitable for the most demanding terminal in both single- and three-pole trip-
applications. The directional phase and resid- ping and automatic reclosing applications.

'HVLJQ Type tested software and hardware that com- An extensive library of protection, control
ply with international standards and ABB´s and monitoring functions is available. This
internal design rules together with extensive library of functions, together with the flexible
self monitoring functionality, ensure high hardware design, allows this terminal to be
reliability of the complete terminal configured to each user´s own specific
requirements. This wide application flexibil-
The terminal’s closed and partly welded steel ity makes this product an excellent choice for
case makes it possible to fulfill the stringent both new installations and the refurbishment
EMC requirements. of existing installations.

Serial data communication is via optical con-


nections or galvanic RS485.

3ODWIRUP $SSOLFDWLRQ Mounting kits are available for rack, flush,


The platform hardware and common software semiflush or wall mounting.
functions are included in all REx 5xx termi-
nals. It is the foundation on which all termi- All connections are made on the rear of the
nals are built. Application specific modules case. Screw compression type terminal
and functions are added to create a specific blocks are used for electrical connections.
terminal type or family. Serial communication connections are made
by optical fibre connectors type Hewlett
Packard (HFBR) for plastic fibres or bayonet
'HVLJQ type ST for glass fibres.
The REx 5xx platform consists of a case,
hardware modules and a set of common func- A set of hardware modules are always
tions. included in a terminal. Application specific
modules are added to create a specific termi-
The closed and partly welded steel case nal type or family.
makes it possible to fulfill stringent EMC
requirements. Three different sizes of the The common functions provide a terminal
case are available to fulfill the space require- with basic functionality such as self supervi-
ments of different terminals. The degree of sion, I/O-system configurator, real time clock
protection is IP 40 according to IEC 60529 and other functions to support the protection
for cases with the widths 1/2x19” and 3/ and control system of a terminal.
4x19”. IP 54 can be obtained for the front
area in flush and semiflush applications.

&RPPRQ 'HVFULSWLRQ self-supervision operates continuously and


IXQFWLRQV Common functions are the software functions includes:
always included in the terminals.
• Normal micro-processor watchdog func-
tion
6HOIVXSHUYLVLRQZLWKLQWHUQDO
• Checking of digitized measuring signals
HYHQWUHFRUGHU ,17
• Checksum verification of PROM contents
$SSOLFDWLRQ and all types of signal communication
Use the local HMI, SMS or SCS to view the
status of the self-supervision function. The
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5HDOWLPHFORFNZLWKH[WHUQDO poses, so that continuous information on


WLPHV\QFKURQL]DWLRQ 7,0( active setting group is available.

$SSOLFDWLRQ &RQILJXUDEOHORJLFEORFNV
Use the time synchronization source selector &/
to select a common source of absolute time
for the terminal when it is a part of a protec- $SSOLFDWLRQ
tion system. This makes comparison of The user can with the available logic function
events and disturbance data between all ter- blocks build logic functions and configure the
minals in a SA system possible. terminal to meet application specific require-
ments.
)XQFWLRQDOLW\
Two main alternatives of external time syn-
Different protection, control, and monitoring
chronization are available. Either the syn-
functions within the REx 5xx terminals are
chronization message is applied via any of quite independent as far as their configuration
the communication ports of the terminal as a
in the terminal is concerned. The user can not
telegram message including date and time, or
change the basic algorithms for different
as a minute pulse, connected to a binary functions. But these functions combined with
input. The minute pulse is used to fine tune
the logic function blocks can be used to cre-
already existing time in the terminals.
ate application specific functionality.
The REx 5xx terminal has its own internal ,QYHUWIXQFWLRQEORFN ,19
clock with date, hour, minute, second and The inverter function block INV has one
millisecond. It has a resolution of 1 ms. input and one output, where the output is in
inverse ratio to the input.
The clock has a built-in calendar that handles
leap years through 2098. Any change 25IXQFWLRQEORFN 25
between summer and winter time must be The OR function is used to form general
handled manually or through external time combinatory expressions with boolean vari-
synchronization. The clock is powered by a ables. The OR function block has six inputs
capacitor, to bridge interruptions in power and two outputs. One of the outputs is
supply without malfunction. inverted.
The internal clock is used for time-tagging $1'IXQFWLRQEORFN $1'
disturbances, events in Substation monitoring The AND function is used to form general
system (SMS) and Substation control system combinatory expressions with boolean vari-
(SCS), and internal events. ables.The AND function block has four
inputs and two outputs. One of the inputs and
)RXUSDUDPHWHUVHWWLQJJURXSV one of the outputs are inverted.
*53 7LPHUIXQFWLRQEORFN 70
The function block TM timer has drop-out
$SSOLFDWLRQ
and pick-up delayed outputs related to the
Use the four sets of settings to optimize the
input signal. The timer has a settable time
terminals operation for different system con- delay (parameter T).
ditions. By creating and switching between
fine tuned setting sets, either from the human- 7LPHUORQJIXFWLRQEORFN 7/
machine interface or configurable binary The function block TL timer with extended
inputs, results in a highly adaptable terminal maximum time delay at pick-up and at drop-
that can cope with a variety of system scenar- out, is identical with the TM timer. The dif-
ios. ference is the longer time delay.
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ 3XOVHWLPHUIXQFWLRQEORFN 73
The GRP function block has four functional The pulse function can be used, for example,
inputs, each corresponding to one of the set- for pulse extensions or limiting of operation
ting groups stored within the terminal. Acti- of outputs. The pulse timer TP has a settable
vation of any of these inputs changes the length.
active setting group. Four functional output
signals are available for configuration pur-
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([WHQGHGOHQJWKSXOVHIXQFWLRQEORFN 74 (YHQWIXQFWLRQ (9
The function block TQ pulse timer with
extended maximum pulse length, is identical $SSOLFDWLRQ
with the TP pulse timer. The difference is the When using a Substation Automation system,
longer pulse length. events can be spontaneously sent or polled
from the terminal to the station level. These
([FOXVLYH25IXQFWLRQEORFN ;25 events are created from any available signal
The exclusive OR function XOR is used to in the terminal that is connected to the event
generate combinatory expressions with bool- function block. The event function block can
ean variables. The function block XOR has also handle double indication, that is nor-
two inputs and two outputs. One of the out- mally used to indicate positions of high-volt-
puts is inverted. The output signal is 1 if the age apparatuses. With this event function
input signals are different and 0 if they are block, data also can be sent to other terminals
equal. over the interbay bus.
6HWUHVHWIXQFWLRQEORFN 65 )XQFWLRQDOLW\
The Set-Reset (SR) function is a flip-flop that As basic, 12 event function blocks EV01-
can set or reset an output from two inputs EV12 running with a fast cyclicity, are avail-
respectively. Each SR function block has two able in REx 5xx. When the function Appara-
outputs, where one is inverted. tus control is used in the terminal, additional
32 event function blocks EV13-EV44, run-
6HWUHVHWZLWKPHPRU\IXQFWLRQEORFN 60 ning with a slower cyclicity, are available.
The Set-Reset function SM is a flip-flop with
memory that can set or reset an output from Each event function block has 16 connecta-
two inputs respectively. Each SM function bles corresponding to 16 inputs INPUT1 to
block has two outputs, where one is inverted. INPUT16. Every input can be given a name
The memory setting controls if the flip-flop with up to 19 characters from the CAP 540
after a power interruption will return the state configuration tool.
it had before or if it will be reset.
The inputs can be used as individual events or
&RQWUROODEOHJDWHIXQFWLRQEORFN *7
can be defined as double indication events.
The GT function block is used for controlling
if a signal should be able to pass from the
The inputs can be set individually, from the
input to the output or not depending on a set-
Parameter Setting Tool (PST) under the
ting.
Mask-Event function, to create an event at
pick-up, drop-out or at both pick-up and
6HWWDEOHWLPHUIXQFWLRQEORFN 76
drop-out of the signal.
The function block TS timer has outputs for
delayed input signal at drop-out and at pick-
The event function blocks EV01-EV06 have
up. The timer has a settable time delay. It also
inputs for information numbers and function
has an Operation setting On, Off that controls
the operation of the timer. type, which are used to define the events
according to the communication standard IEC
0RYHILUVWIXQFWLRQ 02) 60870-5-103.
The Move function block MOF is put first in
the slow logic and is used for signals coming 6XSHUYLVLRQRI$&LQSXW
from fast logic into the slow logic. The MOF TXDQWLWLHV '$
function block is only a temporary storage for
the signals and does not change any value $SSOLFDWLRQ
between input and output. Use the AC monitoring function to provide
three phase or single phase values of voltage
0RYHODVWIXQFWLRQEORFN 02/ and current. At three phase measurement, the
The Move function block MOL is put last in values of apparent power, active power, reac-
the slow logic and is used for signals going tive power, frequency and the RMS voltage
out from the slow logic to the fast logic. The and current for each phase are calculated.
MOL function block is only a temporary stor- Also the average values of currents and volt-
age for the signals and does not change any ages are calculated.
value between input and output.
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Page 6

)XQFWLRQDOLW\ when setting changes are allowed. Unpermit-


Alarm limits can be set and used as triggers, ted or uncoordinated changes by unautho-
e.g. to generate trip signals. rized personnel may influence the security of
people and cause severe damage to primary
The software functions to support presenta- and secondary power circuits.
tion of measured values are always present in
the terminal. In order to retrieve actual val- By adding a key switch connected to a binary
ues, however, the terminal must be equipped input a simple setting change control circuit
with the appropriate hardware measuring can be built simply allowing only authorized
module(s), i.e. Transformer Input Module keyholders to make setting changes from the
(TRM). built-in HMI.

)XQFWLRQDOLW\
6XSHUYLVLRQRIP$LQSXW The restriction of setting via the local HMI
TXDQWLWLHV 0, can be activated from the local HMI only.
Activating the local HMI setting restriction
$SSOLFDWLRQ prevent unauthorized changes of the terminal
Use the DC monitoring function to measure settings or configuration.
and process signals from different measuring
transducers. Many devices used in process The function permits remote changes of set-
control uses low currents, usually in the range tings and reconfiguration through the serial
4-20 mA or 0-20 mA to represent various communication ports.
parameters such as frequency, temperature
and DC battery voltage. All other functions of the local human-
machine communication remain intact. This
)XQWLRQDOLW\
means that an operator can read disturbance
Alarm limits can be set and used as triggers,
reports, setting values, the configuration of
e.g. to generate trip signals. different logic circuits and other available
information.
The software functions to support presenta-
tion of measured values are always present in
the terminal. In order to retrieve actual val- %ORFNLQJRIVLJQDOVGXULQJWHVW
ues, however, the terminal must be equipped %67
with the mA Input Module (MIM).
$SSOLFDWLRQ
,2V\VWHPFRQILJXUDWRU ,23 The protection and control terminals have a
complex configuration with many included
$SSOLFDWLRQ functions. To make the testing procedure eas-
The I/O system configurator must be used in ier, the terminals include the feature to indi-
order for the terminal’s software to recognize vidually block a single, several or all
added modules and to create internal address functions.
mappings between modules and protections
and other functions. This means that it is possible to see when a
function is activated or trips. It also enables
the user to follow the operation of several
6HWWLQJUHVWULFWLRQRI+0, related functions to check correct functional-
65+ ity and to check parts of the configuration etc.

$SSOLFDWLRQ
Use the setting restriction function to prevent
unauthorized setting changes and to control
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Page 7

/LQHGLVWDQFH *HQHUDOIDXOWFULWHULDLPSHG )XQFWLRQDOLW\


DQFHDQGFXUUHQWEDVHG *)& For the impedance-based phase selection, all
six fault loops are measured separately and
$SSOLFDWLRQ continuously. The reaches are independently
The GFC general fault criteria function is an settable in the forward and reverse directions,
independent measuring function. It comprises and for phase-to-phase and phase-to-ground
both impedance and current-based measure- faults. The resistive reaches are also indepen-
ment criteria. These can be used separately or dently settable for phase-to-phase and phase-
at the same time. Its main purpose is to serve to-ground faults. Preventing impedance ele-
as an overall fault detection and phase selec- ment operation due to low load impedances,
tion element in all kinds of networks or as an but at the same time enabling the GFC func-
individual underimpedance measuring func- tion to be as sensitive as possible to faults
tion. with high fault resistances, is achieved by the
inclusion of a facility that allows the resistive
For the impedance measurement, the shape of reach to be limited within the load impedance
the operating characteristic can be set to pre- area only.
vent operation of the impedance measuring
elements for low load impedances, yet at the Checks based on the level of residual current
same time allow coverage of higher fault determine which loops, i.e. phase-to-ground
resistances with remote infeed of fault cur- or phase-to-phase, are evaluated. Selection of
rent. This makes the GFC function especially the faulted phase(s) is determined by which
suited to cases where the fault resistance to be of the selected loops operate. Operation of a
detected exceeds the minimum expected load loop occurs when the measured impedance
impedance. within that loop is within the set boundaries
of the characteristic.
The independent measurement of impedance
for each fault loop secures reliable phase For the current-based phase selection, all
selection and correct operation for complex three phase currents and the residual current
network faults such as simultaneous faults on are measured continuously, and compared to
parallel circuits, evolving faults, etc. Indepen- set values. Assessment of the type of fault is
dent reactive reach settings for phase-to- based on the relationship of the measured cur-
phase and phase-to-ground measurement rents to the set thresholds.
secure high selectivity in networks with dif-
ferent protective relays used for short-circuit The phase preference logic inhibits tripping
and earth-fault protection. for single-phase-to-ground faults in isolated
and high impedance-grounded networks. It
A possible addition to the GFC function is the does this by blocking forward and reverse
optional phase preference logic. Its main pur- operation until two earth-faults are detected
pose is to provide a selective tripping func- to be within the non-directional characteris-
tion for cross-country faults in isolated or tic. For such cross-country faults, the logic
high impedance-grounded networks. initiates tripping of the preferred fault based
on the selected phase preference. A number
of different phase preference combinations
are available for selection.
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jX
XFW

LA RF R
RLoad

XRV
en04000122.vsd

Figure 1: Operating characteristics of the GFC (impedance measuring principle)

Figure presents principally a shaped operate faults is also achieved at the line end for
characteristic for an impedance based GFC which the faults are on the part of the line not
function. Different designations have the fol- covered by its underreaching zone. To
lowing meaning: accomplish this, one communication channel,
capable of transmitting an on/off signal, is
• XFW: reactive reach in forward direction required in each direction.
• XRV: reactive reach in reverse direction
)XQFWLRQDOLW\
• RF: resistive reach within the unlimited The ZCOM function is a logical function
area built-up from logical elements. It is a supple-
• RLoad: resistive reach restricted by the mentary function to the distance or overcur-
minimum load impedance rent protection, requiring for its operation
• LA: expected load impedance angle inputs from the distance or overcurrent pro-
tection and the teleprotection equipment.
6FKHPHFRPPXQLFDWLRQORJLF The type of communication-aided scheme to
=&20 be used can be selected by way of the set-
tings. The ability to select which protection
$SSOLFDWLRQ zone is assigned to which input of the ZCOM
It is not possible to set an underreaching dis- logic makes this logic able to support practi-
tance or overcurrent protection to cover the cally any scheme communication require-
full length of the line, and at the same time ments regardless of their basic operating
not to overreach for faults beyond the pro- principle. The outputs to initiate tripping and
tected line. To avoid overreaching, under- sending of the teleprotection signal are given
reaching protection zones must always reach in accordance with the type of communica-
short of the remote end of the line by some tion-aided scheme selected and the protection
safety margin of 15-20%. The main purpose zone(s) which have operated.
of the ZCOM scheme communication logic is
to supplement the distance or overcurrent When power line carrier communication
protection function such that fast clearance of channels are used, unblocking logic is pro-
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Page 9

vided which uses the loss of guard signal. 5DGLDOIHHGHUSURWHFWLRQ 3$3


This logic compensates for the lack of
dependability due to the transmission of the $SSOLFDWLRQ
command signal over the faulted line. The main purpose of the PAP radial feeder
protection function is to provide tripping at
&XUUHQWUHYHUVDODQGZHDNHQG the ends of radial feeders with passive load or
with weak end infeed. To obtain this tripping,
LQIHHGORJLF =&$/ the PAP function must be included within the
protection terminal at the load / weak end
$SSOLFDWLRQ
infeed end.
In interconnected systems, for parallel line
applications, the direction of flow of the fault )XQFWLRQDOLW\
current on the healthy line can change when The PAP function performs the phase selec-
the circuit breakers on the faulty line open to tion using the measured voltages. Each phase
clear the fault. This can lead to unwanted voltage is compared to the opposite phase-
operation of the protection on the healthy line phase voltage. A phase is deemed to have a
when permissive overreach schemes are used. fault if its phase voltage drops below a setta-
The main purpose of the ZCAL current rever- ble percentage of the opposite phase-phase
sal logic is to prevent such unwanted opera- voltage. The phase-phase voltages include
tions for this phenomenon. memory. This memory function has a settable
time constant.
If the infeed of fault current at the local end
for faults on the protected line is too low to The PAP function has built-in logic for fast
operate the measuring elements, no trip out- tripping as well as time delayed tripping. The
put will be issued at the local end and no tele- voltage-based phase selection is used for both
protection signal will be sent to the remote the fast and the delayed tripping. To get fast
end. This can lead to time delayed tripping at tripping, scheme communication is required.
the remote strong infeed end. The main pur- Delayed tripping does not require scheme
pose of the ZCAL weak end infeed logic is to communication. It is possible to permit
enhance the operation of permissive commu- delayed tripping only on failure of the com-
nication schemes and to avoid sequential trip- munications channel by blocking the delayed
ping when, for a fault on the line, the initial tripping logic with a communications channel
infeed of fault current from one end is too healthy input signal.
weak to operate the measuring elements.
On receipt of the communications signal,
)XQFWLRQDOLW\
phase selective outputs for fast tripping are
The ZCAL function block provides the cur-
given based on the phase(s) in which the
rent reversal and weak end infeed logic func-
phase selection function has operated.
tions that supplement the standard scheme
communication logic, or the phase segregated
For delayed tripping, the single-pole and
scheme communication logic.
three-pole delays are separately and indepen-
dently settable. Furthermore, it is possible to
On detection of a current reversal, the current
enable or disable three-pole delayed tripping.
reversal logic provides an output to block the
It is also possible to select either single-pole
sending of the teleprotection signal to the delayed tripping or three-pole delayed trip-
remote end, and to block the permissive trip-
ping for single-phase faults. Three-pole
ping at the local end. This blocking condition
delayed tripping for single-phase faults is also
is maintained long enough to ensure that no dependent on the selection to enable or dis-
unwanted operation will occur as a result of
able three-pole tripping. For single-phase
the current reversal.
faults, it is possible to include a residual cur-
rent check in the tripping logic. Three-pole
On verification of a weak end infeed condi-
tripping is always selected for phase selection
tion, the weak end infeed logic provides an
on more than one phase. Three-phase tripping
output for sending the received teleprotection will also occur if the residual current exceeds
signal back to the remote sending end, and
the set level during fuse failure for a time
other output(s) for tripping. For terminals
longer than the three-pole trip delay time.
equipped for single-, two-, and three-pole
tripping, outputs for the faulted phase(s) are
The radial feeder protection function also
provided. Undervoltage detectors are used to
includes logic which provides outputs that are
select the faulted phase (s).
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Page 10

specifically intended for starting the auto- fault tripping for fault situations where direc-
matic recloser. tional information can not be established, for
example, due to lack of polarizing voltage.
Use of non-directional protection also gives
$XWRPDWLFVZLWFKRQWRIDXOW fast fault clearance when energizing a bus
ORJLF 627) from the line with a short-circuit fault on the
bus.
$SSOLFDWLRQ
The main purpose of the SOTFswitch-on-to- )XQFWLRQDOLW\
fault function is to provide high-speed trip- The SOTF function is a logical function built-
ping when energizing a power line on to a up from logical elements. It is a complemen-
short-circuit fault on the line. tary function to the distance or overcurrent
protection functions.
Automatic initiating of the SOTF function
using dead line detection can only be used It is enabled for operation either by the close
when the potential transformer is situated on command to the circuit breaker, by a nor-
the line-side of the circuit breaker. Initiation mally closed auxiliary contact of the circuit
using dead line detection is highly recom- breaker, or automatically by the dead line
mended for busbar configurations where detection. Once enabled, this remains active
more than one circuit breaker at one line end until one second after the enabling signal has
can energize the protected line. reset. The protection function(s) released for
tripping during the activated time can be
Generally, directional or non-directional freely selected from the functions included
overreaching distance or overcurrent protec- within the terminal. Pickup of any one of the
tion functions are used as the protection func- selected protection functions during the
tions to be released for direct tripping during enabled condition will result in an immediate
the activated time. When line-side potential trip output from the SOTF function.
transformers are used, the use of non-direc-
tional protection zones secures switch-on-to-

&XUUHQW ,QVWDQWDQHRXVQRQGLUFHWLRQDO 'HILQLWHWLPHQRQGLUHFWLRQDO


SKDVHRYHUFXUUHQWSURWHFWLRQ SKDVHRYHUFXUUHQWSURWHFWLRQ
,2&SK 72&SK
$SSOLFDWLRQ $SSOLFDWLRQ
Different system conditions, such as source The time delayed overcurrent protection,
impedance and the position of the faults on TOC, operates at different system conditions
long transmission lines influence the fault for currents exceeding the preset value and
currents to a great extent. An instantaneous which remains high for longer than the delay
phase overcurrent protection with short oper- time set on the corresponding timer. The
ate time and low transient overreach of the function can also be used for supervision and
measuring elements can be used to clear fault detector for some other protection func-
close-in faults on long power lines, where tions, to increase the security of a complete
short fault clearing time is extremely impor- protection system. It can serve as a back-up
tant to maintain system stability. function for the line distance protection, if
activated under fuse failure conditions which
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ has disabled the operation of the line distance
The current measuring element continuously protection.
measures the current in all three phases and
compares it to the set operate value IP>>. A )XQFWLRQDOLW\
filter ensures immunity to disturbances and The current measuring element continuously
dc components and minimizes the transient measures the current in all three phases and
overreach. If any phase current is above the compares it to the set operate value IP>. A fil-
set value IP>>, the phase overcurrent trip sig- ter ensures immunity to disturbances and dc
nal TRP is activated. Separate trip signal for components and minimizes the transient
the actual phase(s) is also activated. The input overreach. If the current in any of the three
signal BLOCK blocks all functions in the phases is above the set value IP>, a common
current function block. start signal STP and a start signal for the
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Page 11

actual phase(s) are activated. The timer tP is obtain selectivity even when using directional
activated and the phase overcurrent trip signal overcurrent protection. In such cases it is sug-
TRP is activated after set time. The general gested to use line differential protection or
trip signal TRIP is activated as well. distance protection function.

The input signal BLOCK blocks the function. )XQFWLRQDOLW\


The input signal BLKTR blocks both trip sig- The current measuring element continuously
nals TRP and TRIP. measures the current in all three phases and
compares it to the set operate value for the
two current stages. A filter ensures immunity
'HILQLWHWLPHQRQGLUHFWLRQDO to disturbances and dc components and mini-
UHVLGXDORYHUFXUUHQWSURWHFWLRQ mizes the transient overreach. If the current in
72&U any of the three phases is above the set value
I>Low, the start signal for the low current
$SSOLFDWLRQ stage is activated. With setting Characteristic
The time delayed residual overcurrent protec- = Def, the timer tLow is activated and the trip
tion is intended to be used in solidly and low signal TRLS is activated after set time. If
resistance earthed systems. The time delayed inverse time delay is selected, the timer tMin-
residual overcurrent protection is suitable as Inv starts when the current is above the set
back-up protection for phase to earth faults, value I>Low. If the current also is above the
normally tripped by operation of the distance set value I>Inv, the inverse time evaluation
protection. The protection function can also starts. When both time circuits operate, the
serve as protection for high resistive phase to definite time circuit tLow is activated and the
earth faults or as a fault detection for some trip signal TRLS is activated after set time.
other protection functions.
If the current is above the set value I>High,
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ the timer tHigh is activated and the trip signal
The residual current measuring element con- TRHS is activated after set time.The low and
tinuously measures the residual current and the high set current stages can individually be
compares it with the set operate value IN>. A set directional or non-directional. Directional
filter ensures immunity to disturbances and information is calculated from positive
dc components and minimizes the transient sequence polarization voltages and the phase
overreach. If the measured current is above currents. The polarization voltage contains
the set value IN>, a start signal STN is acti- memory voltage to ensure directional func-
vated. The timer tN is activated and the tion at close-in three-phase faults. The direc-
residual overcurrent trip signal TRN is acti- tional element relay characteristic angle
vated after set time. The general trip signal (RCA) and operate angle are settable in wide
TRIP is activated as well. The input signal ranges.
BLOCK blocks the function. The input signal
BLKTR blocks both trip signals TRN and The input signal BLOCK blocks all func-
TRIP. tions. Trip from each current stage can also be
individually blocked.
7ZRVWHSWLPHGHOD\HGGLUHF
WLRQDOSKDVHRYHUFXUUHQWSUR )RXUVWHSWLPHGHOD\HGGLUHF
WHFWLRQ 72& WLRQDOUHVLGXDORYHUFXUUHQWSUR
WHFWLRQ ()
$SSOLFDWLRQ
The two current/time stages of the TOC3 $SSOLFDWLRQ
overcurrent protection, both with optional In solidly earthed systems the four step resid-
directional (Forward release or Reverse ual overcurrent protection can be used in a
block) or non-directional function, improve similar way as a distance protection. As the
the possibility to obtain selective function of majority of the faults involve earth connec-
the overcurrent protection relative other tion, the protection will be able to clear most
relays even in meshed networks. It must be of the faults in these systems. All four steps
realized, however, that the setting of a phase can be non-directional or directional.
overcurrent protection system in a meshed
network can be very complicated and a large One example of a normal application of the
number of fault current calculations are four step residual overcurrent protection can
needed. In some cases, it is not possible to be described as follows: The instantaneous
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Page 12

and directional step 1 will normally cover 6HQVLWLYHGLUHFWLRQDOUHVLGXDO


most of the line. The rest of the line is cov- RYHUFXUUHQWSURWHFWLRQ :()
ered by the directional and delayed step 2.
Step 2 will also detect and trip earth faults on $SSOLFDWLRQ
the remote busbar. The directional step 3 has In isolated networks or in networks with high
a longer time delay and will act as a selective impedance earthing, the phase to earth fault
protection for earth faults with some degree current is significantly smaller than the short
of fault resistance. The sensitive step 4 has circuit currents. In addition to this, the magni-
the longest delay. This step will detect and tude of the fault current is almost independent
clear high resistive earth faults as well as the on the fault location in the network.
majority of series faults.
The protection uses the residual current com-
The four step residual overcurrent protection ponent 3I0 cosϕ, where ϕ is the angle
can also be used together with the communi- between the residual current and the reference
cation logic for residual overcurrent protec- voltage, compensated with a characteristic
tion, in order to realize blocking or angle. The characteristic angle is chosen to -
permissive overreaching communication 90° in an isolated system. The characteristic
schemes. angle is chosen to 0° in compensated systems.
Scheme communication logic for residual )XQFWLRQDOLW\
overcurrent protection (EFC) and Current The function measures the residual current
reversal and weak-end infeed logic for resid- and voltage. The angle between the residual
ual overcurrent protection (EFCA) are auto- voltage and residual current (angle between
matically included in (EF4). 3I0 and -3U0 i.e U0 is 180 degrees adjusted)
is calculated. This angle is used in two func-
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ tions namely first to determine if the fault is
The function operates on the basis of the in forward or reverse direction, and secondly
residual current and voltage measurement. to calculate the residual current component in
The function has four steps with individual the characteristic angle direction.
settings (current, delay, directionality, second
harmonic restrained etc.). Step 1, 2 and 3 The residual current component in the charac-
have independent time delay. The time delay teristic angle direction is compared with the
for step 4 can be selected between definite or set operating value. If this current component
inverse mode of operation. is larger than the setting this is one criterion
for function of the protection. The residual
For each step the current is compared to the voltage is compared to a set operating value.
set current of the step. Further the following If the measured voltage is larger than the set-
quantities are checked to be used as release or ting this is another criterion for the operation
blocking of function from the steps: of the protection. If both the criteria are ful-
filled and the set time delay has elapsed, the
• Direction, forward or reverse direction to function will give a trip signal.
the fault. The residual current component
lagging the reference (-3.U0) voltage 65° Due to the demands on accuracy and sensitiv-
is derived. If this current component is ity for this function, special current input
larger than the directional current setting, transformers must be used.
forward direction is detected.
• The second harmonic of the residual cur-
rent is derived. If this current is larger
6HQVLWLYHGLUHFWLRQDOUHVLGXDO
than 20/32 % of the total residual current, SRZHUSURWHFWLRQ :()
a signal is given that can be used for
blocking of the steps. $SSOLFDWLRQ
In isolated networks or in networks with high
If the conditions for function is fulfilled for a impedance earthing, the phase to earth fault
step, a trip signal is given after the set time current is significantly smaller than the short
delay. circuit currents. In addition to this, the magni-
tude of the fault current is almost independent
on the fault location in the network.

The protection uses the residual power com-


ponent 3U0 .3I0.cosϕ, where ϕ is the angle
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Page 13

between the residual current and the reference ing overreach and permissive overreach
voltage, compensated with a characteristic schemes.
angle. The characteristic angle is chosen to -
90° in an isolated system. The characteristic In the blocking scheme a signal is sent to the
angle is chosen to 0° in compensated systems. remote end of the line if the directional ele-
ment, in the directional residual overcurrent
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ protection (sending end), detects the fault in
The function measures the residual current the reverse direction. If no blocking signal is
and voltage. The angle between the residual received and the directional element, in the
voltage and residual current is calculated. directional residual overcurrent protection
This angle is used in two functions namely (receiving end), detects the fault in the for-
first to determine if the fault is in forward or ward direction, a trip signal will be sent after
reverse direction, and secondly to calculate a settable time delay.
the residual power component in the charac-
teristic angle direction. In the permissive overreach scheme a signal
is sent to the remote end of the line if the
The residual voltage (3U0) is compared with directional element, in the directional residual
a setting value. The residual current (3I0) is overcurrent protection (sending end), detects
compared to a setting value. The residual the fault in the forward direction. If an accel-
power component in the characteristic angle eration signal is received and the directional
direction (SN) is compared to a power refer- element, in the directional residual overcur-
ence setting. If the power is larger than the rent protection (receiving end), detects the
setting this is one criterion for function of the fault in the forward direction, a trip signal
protection. The voltage and current measure- will be sent, normally with no time delay. In
ment are two other criteria that must be ful- case of risk for fault current reversal or weak
filled for function. The information on power end infeed, an additional logic can be used to
is the input to a dependent time delay func- take care of this.
tion. The function will give a trip signal when
all three criteria for function are fulfilled and
the time delay has elapsed. &XUUHQWUHYHUVDODQGZHDNHQG
LQIHHGORJLFIRUUHVLGXDORYHU
Due to the demands on accuracy and sensitiv- FXUUHQWSURWHFWLRQ ()&$
ity for this function, special current input cir-
cuits must be used. $SSOLFDWLRQ
The EFCA additional communication logic is
a supplement to the EFC scheme communica-
6FKHPHFRPPXQLFDWLRQORJLF tion logic for the residual overcurrent protec-
IRUUHVLGXDORYHUFXUUHQWSURWHF tion.
WLRQ ()&
To achieve fast fault clearing for all earth
$SSOLFDWLRQ faults on the line, the directional earth-fault
The EFC directional comparison function protection function can be supported with
contains logic for blocking overreaching and logic, that uses communication channels.
permissive overreaching schemes. The func- REx 5xx terminals have for this reason avail-
tion is applicable together with a directional able additions to scheme communication
residual overcurrent protection in order to logic.
decrease the total operate time of a complete
scheme. If parallel lines are connected to common
busbars at both terminals, overreaching per-
One communication channel, which can missive communication schemes can trip
transmit an on / off signal, is required in each unselectively due to fault current reversal.
direction. It is recommended to use the com- This unwanted tripping affects the healthy
plementary additional communication logic line when a fault is cleared on the other line.
EFCA, if the weak infeed and/or current This lack of security can result in a total loss
reversal conditions are expected together with of interconnection between the two buses.To
permissive overreaching scheme. avoid this type of disturbance, a fault current-
reversal logic (transient blocking logic) can
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ be used.
The communication logic for residual over-
current protection contains logics for block-
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Page 14

Permissive communication schemes for )XQFWLRQDOLW\


residual overcurrent protection, can basically The final temperature rise of an object rela-
operate only when the protection in the tive the ambient temperature is proportional
remote terminal can detect the fault. The to the square of the current. The rate of tem-
detection requires a sufficient minimum perature rise is determined by the magnitude
residual fault current, out from this terminal. of the current and the thermal time constant
The fault current can be too low due to an of the object. The same time constant deter-
opened breaker or high positive and/or zero mines the rate of temperature decrease when
sequence source impedance behind this ter- the current is decreased.
minal. To overcome these conditions, weak
end infeed (WEI) echo logic is used. The thermal overload function uses the high-
est phase current. The temperature change is
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ continuously calculated and added to the fig-
The reverse directed signal from the direc- ure for the temperature stored in the thermal
tional residual overcurrent function, starts the memory. When temperature compensation is
operation of a current reversal logic. The out- used, the ambient temperature is added to the
put signal, from the logic, will be activated, if calculated temperature rise. If no compensa-
the fault has been detected in reverse direc- tion is used, 20o C is added as a fixed value.
tion for more than the tPickUp time set on the The calculated temperature of the object is
corresponding timers. The tDelay timer then compared to the set values for alarm and
delays the reset of the output signal. The sig- trip.
nal blocks the operation of the overreach per-
missive scheme for residual current, and thus The information on the ambient temperature
prevents unwanted operation due to fault cur- is received via a transducer input with for
rent reversal. example 0 - 10 mA or 4 - 20 mA.

The weak end infeed logic uses normally a The output signal THOL--TRIP has a dura-
forward and reverse signal from the direc- tion of 50 ms. The output signal THOL--
tional residual overcurrent function. The START remains activated as long as the cal-
weak end infeed logic echoes back the culated temperature is higher than the set trip
received permissive signal, if none of the value minus a settable temperature difference
directional measuring elements have been TdReset (hysteresis). The output signal
activated during the last 200 ms. Further, it THOL--ALARM has a fixed hysteresis of
can be set to give signal to trip the breaker if 5o C.
the echo conditions are fulfilled and the resid-
ual voltage is above the set operate value for
3U0>.
6WXESURWHFWLRQ 678%
$SSOLFDWLRQ
7KHUPDOSKDVHRYHUORDGSURWHF The stub protection operates for faults in the
WLRQ 7+2/ parts of 1 1/2 and ring bus station configura-
tions, which cannot be protected by the dis-
$SSOLFWLRQ tance protection function if the line isolators
Load currents that exceed the permissible are opened. The use of the function can be
continuous value may cause damage to the extended to various other purposes, when a
conductors and isolation due to overheating. three phase overcurrent protection can oper-
The permissible load current will vary with ate only under special external conditions.
the ambient temperature.
)XQFWLRQDOLW\
The THOL thermal overcurrent function The function operates as a three phase instan-
supervises the phase currents and provides a taneous overcurrent protection. The function
reliable protection against damage caused by is released when the line disconnector is
excessive currents. The temperature compen- open; a normally closed auxiliary contact of
sation gives a reliable thermal protection even the line disconnector has to be connected to
when the ambient temperature has large vari- the STUB-RELEASE functional input by
ations. configuration.

The operating level of the overcurrent protec-


tion is settable over a wide range.
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Page 15

3ROHGLVFRUGDQFHSURWHFWLRQ breakers. This will ensure fault clearance also


FXUUHQWDQGFRQWDFWEDVHG 3' if the circuit breaker is out of order.

$SSOLFDWLRQ )XQFWLRQDOLW\
Breaker pole position discordance can occur Breaker failure protection, BFP, provides
on the operation of a breaker with indepen- backup protection for the primary circuit
dent operating gears for the three poles. The breaker if it fails to clear a system fault. It is
reason may be an interruption in the closing obtained by checking that fault current per-
or trip coil circuit, or a mechanical failure sists after a brief time from the operation of
resulting in a stuck breaker pole. A pole dis- the object protection and issuing then a three
cordance can be tolerated for a limited time, phase trip command to the adjacent circuit
for instance during a single-phase trip-reclose breakers (back-up trip).
cycle. The pole discordance function detects
a breaker pole discordancy not generated by Correct operation at evolving faults is
auto-reclose cycle and issues a trip signal for ensured by phase segregated starting com-
the circuit breaker. mand, phase segregated current check and
phase segregated settable timers.
)XQFWLRQDOLW\
The operation of the pole discordance logic, Additionally, the retrip of the faulty circuit
PD, is based on checking the position of the breaker after a settable time is possible. The
breaker auxiliary contacts. Three parallel nor- retrip can be controlled by current check or
mally open contacts in series with three nor- carried out as direct retrip.
mally closed contacts in parallel of the
respective breaker poles form a condition of
pole discordance, connected to a binary input The breaker failure protection function is ini-
dedicated for the purpose. tiated by the trip commands from protection
functions placed either inside the same termi-
In addition, there is an automatic detection nal or externally, by connection to appropri-
criterion based on comparison of currents in ate binary inputs. A dedicated input is
the breaker poles. This function is enabled for available for general starting.
just a few seconds after close or trip com-
mands to the breaker in order to avoid Three separate functional inputs are also
unwanted operation in unsymmetrical load available for single-phase starting
conditions.
The operate value of the phase segregated
current measuring elements is settable within
%UHDNHUIDLOXUHSURWHFWLRQ %)3 a wide range. Three independent timers t2 are
available for phase segregated breaker failure
$SSOLFDWLRQ detection.
In many protection applications local redun-
dancy is used. One part of the fault clearance An additional timer t1 for retrip command is
system is however never duplicated, namely available. Dedicated setting allows to enable
the circuit breaker. Therefore a breaker fail- or disable the retrip or to perform it by cur-
ure protection can be used. rent check or not. Retrip to the faulty circuit
breaker can be issued single phase or three
The breaker failure protection is initiated by phase.
trip signals from different protection func-
tions within or outside the protection termi- Special adaptive algorithm (ASD), together
nal. When a trip signal is sent to the breaker with RMS measurement, allow a fast reset-
failure protection first, with no or a very short ting time of the current measuring elements.
delay, a re-trip signal can be sent to the pro- The current measurement is stabilised against
tected breaker. If fault current is flowing transients which can cause unwanted opera-
through the breaker still after a setting time a tion with saturated current transformers.
back-up trip signal is sent to the adjacent
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Page 16

9ROWDJH 7LPHGHOD\HGXQGHUYROWDJHSUR )XQFWLRQDOLW\


WHFWLRQ 789 The phase overvoltage protection function
continuously measures the three phase volt-
$SSOLFDWLRQ ages and initiates the corresponding output
The time delayed undervoltage protection signals if the measured phase voltages exceed
function, TUV, is applicable in all situations, the preset value (starting) and remain high
where reliable detection of low phase volt- longer than the time delay setting on the tim-
ages is necessary. The function can also be ers (trip). This function also detects the
used as a supervision and fault detection phases which caused the operation.
function for some other protection functions,
to increase the security of a complete protec- 7LPHGHOD\HGRYHUYROWDJH
tion system.
SURWHFWLRQ 729U
7LPHGHOD\HGRYHUYROWDJHSUR $SSOLFDWLRQ
WHFWLRQ 729 The residual overvoltage protection function
is mainly used in distribution networks,
$SSOLFDWLRQ mainly as a backup protection for the residual
The time delayed phase overvoltage protec- overcurrent protection in the line feeders, to
tion is used to protect the electrical equip- secure the disconnection of earth-faults.
ment and its insulation against overvoltage by
measuring three phase voltages. In this way, it )XQFWLRQDOLW\
prevents the damage to the exposed primary The residual overvoltage protection function
and secondary equipment in the power sys- calculates the residual voltage (3U0) from the
tems. measuring three phase voltages and initiates
the corresponding output signals if the resid-
ual voltage is larger than the preset value
(starting) and remains high longer than the
time delay setting (trip).

3RZHUV\VWHP %URNHQFRQGXFWRUFKHFN %5& /RVVRIYROWDJHFKHFN /29


VXSHUYLVLRQ
$SSOLFDWLRQ $SSOLFDWLRQ
The main purpose of the BRC broken con- The loss of voltage detection, LOV, is suit-
ductor check function is the detection of bro- able for use in networks with an automatic
ken conductors on protected power lines and restoration function. The LOV function
cables (series faults). It is also able to detect issues a three-pole trip command to the cir-
interruptions in the secondary current cir- cuit breaker, if all three phase voltages fall
cuits. below the set value for a time longer than 7
seconds, and the circuit breaker remains
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ closed.
The BRC function detects a broken conductor
condition by detecting the non symmetry )XQFWLRQDOLW\
between currents in the three phases. It does The operation of LOV function is based on
this by measuring the difference between the line voltage measurement. The function is
maximum and minimum phase currents, i.e. it provided with a logic, which automatically
compares the magnitude of the minimum cur- recognises if the line was restored for at least
rent with that of the maximum current, and three seconds before starting the seven sec-
gives an output if the minimum current is less onds timer. Additionally, the function is auto-
than 80% of the maximum current for a set matically blocked if only one or two phase
time interval. At the same time, the highest voltages have been detected low for more
current must be higher than a set percentage than 10 seconds. The LOV function operates
of the terminal rated current. again only if the line has been fully energised.

Operation of LOV function is also inhibited


by fuse failure and open circuit breaker infor-
mation signals, by their connection to dedi-
cated inputs of the function block.
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Page 17

The operation of the function is supervised by set overcurrent threshold for a time longer
the fuse-failure function and the information than the preset value, a trip signal is acti-
about the closed position of the associated vated.
circuit breaker.
'HDGOLQHGHWHFWLRQ '/'
2YHUORDGVXSHUYLVLRQ 29/'
$SSOLFDWLRQ
$SSOLFDWLRQ The main purpose of the dead line detection
The overload protection, OVLD, prevents is to provide different protection, control and
excessive loading of power transformers, monitoring functions with the status of the
lines and cables. line, i.e whether or not it is connected to the
rest of the power system.
Alternative application is the detection of pri-
mary current transformer overload, as they )XQFWLRQDOLW\
usually can withstand a very small current The dead line detection function continuously
beyond the rated value. measures all three phase currents and phase
voltages of a protected power line. The line is
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ declared as dead (not energized) if all three
The function continuously measures the three measured currents and voltages fall below the
phase currents flowing through the terminal. preset values for more than 200 ms.
If any of the three currents is beyond the pre-

6HFRQGDU\ &XUUHQWFLUFXLWVXSHUYLVLRQ signals can be used to block, in case of faults


V\VWHP FXUUHQWEDVHG &768 in the ac voltage secondary circuits, the oper-
ation of the distance protection and other
VXSHUYLVLRQ $SSOLFDWLRQ voltage-dependent functions, such as the syn-
Faulty information about current flows in a chro-check function, undervoltage protection,
protected element might influence the secu- etc.
rity (line differential protection) or depend-
ability (line distance protection) of a Different measurement principles are avail-
complete protection system. able for the fuse failure supervision function.

The main purpose of the current circuit super- The FUSE function based on zero sequence
vision function is to detect different faults in measurement principle, is recommended in
the current secondary circuits and influence directly or low impedance earthed systems.
the operation of corresponding main protec-
tion functions. The FUSE function based on the negative
sequence measurement principle is recom-
The signal can be configured to block differ- mended in isolated or high impedance earthed
ent protection functions or initiate an alarm. systems.

)XQFWLRQDOLW\ A criterion based on delta current and delta


The function compares the sum of the three voltage measurements can be added to the
phase currents from one current transformer FUSE function in order to detect a three
core with a reference zero sequence current phase fuse failure, which in practice is more
from another current transformer core. associated with voltage transformer switching
during station operations.
The function issues an output signal when the
difference is greater than the set value. )XQFWLRQDOLW\
The FUSE function based on the negative
sequence measurement principle continu-
)XVHIDLOXUHVXSHUYLVLRQ )86( ously measures the negative sequence voltage
and current in all three phases. It operates if
$SSOLFDWLRQ the measured negative sequence voltage
The fuse failure supervision function, FUSE, increases over the preset operating value, and
continuously supervises the ac voltage cir- if the measured negative sequence current
cuits between the voltage instrument trans- remains below the preset operating value.
formers and the terminal. Different output
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Page 18

The FUSE function based on the zero measured voltages. A special function input
sequence measurement principle continu- serves the connection to the auxiliary contact
ously measures the zero sequence current and of a miniature circuit breaker, MCB (if used),
voltage in all three phases. It operates if the to secure correct operation of the function on
measured zero sequence voltage increases simultaneous interruption of all three mea-
over preset operating value, and if the mea- sured phase voltages also when the additional
sured zero sequence current remains below delta current and delta voltage algorithm is
the preset operating value. not present in the function block.

The di/dt and du/dt algorithm, detects a fuse


failure if a sufficient negative change in volt-
9ROWDJHWUDQVIRUPHUVXSHUYLVLRQ
age amplitude without a sufficient change in 7&7
current amplitude is detected in each phase
separately. This check is performed if the cir- $SSOLFDWLRQ
cuit breaker is closed. Information about the The main purpose of the voltage transformer
circuit breaker position is brought to the func- supervision function is to indicate failure in
tion input CBCLOSED through a binary the measuring voltage from a capacitive volt-
input of the terminal. age transformer.

)XQFWLRQDOLW\
Three output signals are available. The first
The voltage transformer supervision function
depends directly on the voltage and current
checks all of the three phase-phase voltages
measurement. The second depends on the
operation of the dead line detection function, and the residual voltage. If the residual volt-
age exceeds the setpoint value and any of the
to prevent unwanted operation of the distance
phase-phase voltages is higher than 80% of
protection if the line has been deenergised
and energised under fuse failure conditions. the rated phase-phase voltage the output is
activated after a settable time delay.
The third depends on the loss of all three

&RQWURO 6LQJOHFRPPDQGVLJQDOV signal can be given a name with a maximum


&' of 13 characters from the CAP 531 configura-
tion tool.
$SSOLFDWLRQ
The terminals may be provided with a func- The output signals, here OUT1 to OUT16,
tion to receive signals either from a substa- are then available for configuration to built-in
tion automation system (SMS and/or SCS) or functions or via the configuration logic cir-
from the local human-machine interface, cuits to the binary outputs of the terminal.
HMI. That receiving function block has 16
outputs that can be used, for example, to con- 6\QFKURFKHFNDQGHQHUJL]LQJ
trol high voltage apparatuses in switchyards.
For local control functions, the local HMI can
FKHFN 6<1
also be used. Together with the configuration
$SSOLFDWLRQ
logic circuits, the user can govern pulses or
The main purpose of the synchrocheck func-
steady output signals for control purposes
tion is to provide controlled closing of circuit
within the terminal or via binary outputs.
breakers in interconnected networks.
)XQFWLRQDOLW\
The single command function consists of a The main purpose of the energizing check
function block CD for 16 binary output sig- function is to facilitate the controlled recon-
nals. nection of a disconnected line or bus to,
respectively, an energized bus or line.
The output signals can be of the types Off,
Steady, or Pulse. The setting is done on the The main purpose of the synchronizing func-
MODE input, common for the whole block, tion is to provide controlled closing of circuit
from the CAP 531 configuration tool. breakers when two asynchronous systems are
going to be connected. It is used for slip fre-
The outputs can be individually controlled quencies that are larger than those for synch-
from the operator station, remote-control rocheck.
gateway, or from the local HMI. Each output
3URWHFW,72YHUFXUUHQWDQGHDUWKIDXOW 5(/ 
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Page 19

The synchronizing function is only available $XWRUHFORVHU $5


together with the synchrocheck and energiz-
ing check functions. $SSOLFDWLRQ
The majority of power line faults are transient
To meet the different application arrange- in nature, i.e. they do not recur when the line
ments, a number of identical SYN function is re-energized following disconnection. The
blocks may be provided within a single termi- main purpose of the AR automatic reclosing
nal. The number of these function blocks that function is to automatically return power
may be included within any given terminal lines to service following their disconnection
depends on the type of terminal. Therefore, for fault conditions.
the specific circuit breaker arrangements that
can be catered for, or the number of bays of a Especially at higher voltages, the majority of
specific arrangement that can be catered for, line faults are single-phase-to-earth. Faults
depends on the type of terminal. involving all three phases are rare. The main
purpose of the single- and two-pole automatic
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ reclosing function, operating in conjunction
The synchrocheck function measures the con- with a single- and two-pole tripping capabil-
ditions across the circuit breaker and com- ity, is to limit the effect to the system of faults
pares them to set limits. The output is only involving less than all three phases. This is
given when all measured conditions are particularly valuable for maintaining system
simultaneously within their set limits. stability in systems with limited meshing or
parallel routing.
The energizing check function measures the
bus and line voltages and compares them to )XQFWLRQDOLW\
both high and low threshold detectors. The The AR function is a logical function built up
output is only given when the actual mea- from logical elements. It operates in conjunc-
sured conditions match the set conditions. tion with the trip output signals from the line
protection functions, the OK to close output
The synchronizing measures the conditions signals from the synchrocheck and energizing
across the circuit breaker, and also determines check function, and binary input signals. The
the angle change during the closing delay of binary input signals can be for circuit breaker
the circuit breaker from the measured slip fre- position/status or from other external protec-
quency. The output is only given when all tion functions.
measured conditions are simultaneously
within their set limits. The issue of the output Of the six reclosing programs, one provides
is timed to give closure at the optimal time. for three-pole reclosing only, while the others
provide for single- and two-pole reclosing as
6LQJOHEUHDNHU well. For the latter, only the first shot may be
For single circuit breaker arrangements, the single- or two-pole. All subsequent shots up
SYN function blocks have the capability to to the maximum number will be three-pole.
make the necessary voltage selection. For sin- For some of the programs, depending on the
gle circuit breaker arrangements, selection of initial trip, no shot, or only one shot, will be
the correct voltage is made using auxiliary permitted irrespective of the number of shots
contacts of the bus disconnection. selected.

/RJLF 7ULSSLQJORJLF 75 or two-pole tripping is required for two-phase


faults, e.g. on double circuit parallel lines.
$SSOLFDWLRQ
The main purpose of the TR trip logic func- To meet the different single, double, 1 and 1/2
tion is to serve as a single node through or other multiple circuit breaker arrange-
which all tripping for the entire terminal is ments, one or more identical TR function
routed. blocks may be provided within a single termi-
nal. The actual number of these TR function
The main purpose of the single- and two-pole blocks that may be included within any given
extension to the basic three-pole tripping terminal depends on the type of terminal.
function is to cater for applications where, for Therefore, the specific circuit breaker
reasons of system stability, single-pole trip- arrangements that can be catered for, or the
ping is required for single-phase faults, and/ number of bays of a specific arrangement that
3URWHFW,72YHUFXUUHQWDQGHDUWKIDXOW 5(/ 
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Page 20

can be catered for, depends on the type of ter- dent operating gears for the three poles. The
minal. reason may be an interruption in the closing
or trip coil circuit, or a mechanical failure
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ resulting in a stuck breaker pole. A pole dis-
The minimum duration of a trip output signal cordance can be tolerated for a limited time,
from the TR function is settable. for instance during a single-phase trip-reclose
cycle. The pole discordance function detects
The TR function has a single input through a breaker pole discordancy not generated by
which all trip output signals from the protec- auto-reclose cycle and issues a trip signal for
tion functions within the terminal, or from the circuit breaker.
external protection functions via one or more
of the terminal’s binary inputs, are routed. It )XQFWLRQDOLW\
has a single trip output for connection to one The operation of the pole discordance logic,
or more of the terminal’s binary outputs, as PDc, is based on checking the position of the
well as to other functions within the terminal breaker auxiliary contacts. Three parallel nor-
requiring this signal. mally open contacts in series with three nor-
mally closed contacts in parallel of the
The expanded TR function for single- and respective breaker poles form a condition of
two-pole tripping has additional phase segre- pole discordance, connected to a binary input
gated inputs for this, as well as inputs for dedicated for the purpose.
faulted phase selection. The latter inputs
enable single- and two-pole tripping for those
functions which do not have their own phase
+LJKVSHHGELQDU\RXWSXW
selection capability, and therefore which have ORJLF +6%2
just a single trip output and not phase segre-
gated trip outputs for routing through the $SSOLFDWLRQ
phase segregated trip inputs of the expanded The time taken for signals to be transferred
TR function. The expanded TR function has from binary inputs to protection functions,
two inputs for these functions, one for imped- and from protection functions to binary out-
ance tripping (e.g. carrier-aided tripping com- puts contributes to the overall tripping time.
mands from the scheme communication The main purpose of the HSBO high speed
logic), and one for earth fault tripping (e.g. binary output logic is to minimize overall
tripping output from a residual overcurrent tripping times by establishing the critical con-
protection). Additional logic secures a three- nections to/from the binary outputs/inputs in
pole final trip command for these protection a more direct way than with the regular I/O
functions in the absence of the required phase connections.
selection signals.
)XQFWLRQDOLW\
The outputs from the HSBO logic utilize
The expanded TR function has three trip out-
‘fast’ connections to initiate binary outputs.
puts, one per phase, for connection to one or
more of the terminal’s binary outputs, as well The inputs to the HSBO logic utilize the same
‘fast’ connections. Input connections to the
as to other functions within the terminal
logic are derived from binary inputs, from
requiring these signals.
outputs of the high speed distance protection,
and from inputs to the regular trip logic and
The expanded TR function is equipped with
scheme communication logic. The HSBO
logic which secures correct operation for
evolving faults as well as for reclosing on to scheme communication logic runs in parallel
with the regular scheme communication
persistent faults. A special input is also pro-
logic.
vided which disables single- and two-pole
tripping, forcing all tripping to be three-pole.
The ‘fast’ connections to and from the HSBO
logic comprise so called hard connections in
3ROHGLVFRUGDQFHORJLF 3'F software. This configuration is made inter-
nally and cannot be altered. The only excep-
$SSOLFDWLRQ tions are the connections to the binary outputs
Breaker pole position discordance can occur where limited configuration is possible, and
on the operation of a breaker with indepen- required, on the part of the user.
3URWHFW,72YHUFXUUHQWDQGHDUWKIDXOW 5(/ 
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Page 21

$GGLWLRQDOFRQILJXUDEOH %LQDU\VLJQDOWUDQVIHUWRUHPRWH
ORJLFEORFNV &/ HQG 57&
$SSOLFDWLRQ *HQHUDO
Additional configurable logic means that an In this function, there are two function
extended number of logic circuits are avail- blocks, RTC1-, and RTC2-. They are identi-
able. Also Move function blocks (MOF, cal in all aspects.
MOL), used for synchronization of boolean
signals sent between logics with slow and fast $SSOLFDWLRQ
execution, are among the additional config- The main purpose of the RTC binary signal
urable logic circuits. transfer to remote end function is the
exchange of communication scheme related
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ signals, trip signals and/or other binary sig-
The functionality of the additional logic func- nals between opposite ends of the line.
tion blocks are the same as for the basic logic
functions, but with an extended number of )XQFWLRQDOLW\
blocks. The RTC function comprises two identical
function blocks, each able to handle up to 16
inputs and 16 outputs, giving a total of 32 sig-
&RPPXQLFDWLRQFKDQQHOWHVW nals that can be transmitted in each direction.
ORJLF &&+7
The updated status of the selected binary sig-
$SSOLFDWLRQ nals is packaged within a data message which
Many secondary system applications require is sent once every computation loop.
testing of different functions with confirmed
information about the result of the test. The
main purpose of the CCHT communication (YHQWFRXQWHU &1
channel test logic is to perform testing of
communication channels (power line carrier) $SSOLFDWLRQ
in applications where continuous monitoring The function consists of six counters which
by some other means is not possible due to are used for storing the number of times each
technical or economic reasons, and to indi- counter has been activated. It is also provided
cate the result of the test. with a common blocking function for all six
counters, to be used for example at testing.
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ Every counter can separately be set on or off
Starting of a communications channel test by a parameter setting.
may be performed manually (by means of an
external pushbutton) or automatically (by )XQFWLRQDOLW\
means of an included timer). When started, The function block has six inputs for increas-
the CCHT logic initiates the sending of an ing the counter values for each of the six
impulse (carrier send signal) to the remote counters respectively. The content of the
end. This action starts the operation of the counters are stepped one step for each posi-
applicable external functions. On receipt of tive edge of the input respectively.
the sent signal at the remote end terminal, a
return signal is immediately sent back to the The function block also has an input BLOCK.
initiating end by the identical CCHT logic At activation of this input all six counters are
function within that terminal. The initiating blocked.
end waits for this returned signal. It reports a
successful or an unsuccessful response to the 0XOWLSOHFRPPDQG &0
initiated test based on the receipt or not of
this signal. An input is provided through $SSOLFDWLRQ
which it is possible to abort the test by means The terminals may be provided with a func-
of an external signal. tion to receive signals either from a substa-
tion automation system or from other
terminals via the interbay bus. That receiving
function block has 16 outputs that can be
used, together with the configuration logic
circuits, for control purposes within the ter-
minal or via binary outputs. When it is used
3URWHFW,72YHUFXUUHQWDQGHDUWKIDXOW 5(/ 
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Page 22

to communicate with other terminals, these The multiple command function block has 16
terminals must have a corresponding event outputs combined in one block, which can be
function block to send the information. controlled from the operator station or from
other terminals. One common name for the
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ block, with a maximum of 19 characters, is
One multiple command function block CM01 set from the configuration tool CAP 531.
with fast execution time also named %LQDU\
VLJQDOLQWHUED\FRPPXQLFDWLRQKLJKVSHHG The output signals, here OUT1 to OUT16,
and/or 79 multiple command function blocks are then available for configuration to built-in
CM02-CM80 with slower execution time are functions or via the configuration logic cir-
available in the REx 5xx terminals as options. cuits to the binary outputs of the terminal.

The output signals can be of the types Off, The command function also has a supervision
Steady, or Pulse. The setting is done on the function, which sets the output VALID to 0 if
MODE input, common for the whole block, the block did not receive data within a config-
from the CAP 531 configuration tool. ured INTERVAL time.

0RQLWRULQJ 'LVWXUEDQFHUHSRUW '53 ,QGLFDWLRQV


$SSOLFDWLRQ $SSOLFDWLRQ
Use the disturbance report to provide the net- Use the indications list to view the state of
work operator with proper information about binary signals during the fault. All binary
disturbances in the primary network. The input signals to the disturbance report func-
function comprises several subfunctions tion are listed.
enabling different types of users to access rel-
evant information in a structured way. )XQFWLRQDOLW\
The indications list tracks zero-to-one
Select appropriate binary signals to trigger changes of binary signals during the fault
the red HMI LED to indicate trips or other period of the collection window. This means
important alerts. that constant logic zero, constant logic one or
state changes from logic one to logic zero
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ will not be visible in the indications list. Sig-
The disturbance report collects data from nals are not time tagged. In order to be listed
each subsystem for up to ten disturbances. in the indications list the:
The data is stored in nonvolatile memory,
used as a cyclic buffer, always storing the lat- 1. signal must be connected to the DRP
est occurring disturbances. Data is collected function blocks, (DRP1, DRP2, DRP3).
during an adjustable time frame, the collec- 2. setting parameter, IndicationMask, for the
tion window. This window allows for data input must be set to Show.
collection before, during and after the fault.
Output signals of other function blocks of the
The collection is started by a trigger. Any configuration will be listed by the signal
binary input signal or function block output name listed in the corresponding signal list.
signal can be used as a trigger. The analog Binary input signals are listed by the name
signals can also be set to trigger the data col- defined in the configuration.
lection. Both over levels and under levels are
available. The trigger is common for all sub- The indications can be viewed on the local
systems, hence it activates them all simulta- HMI and via SMS.
neously.

A triggered report cycle is indicated by the 'LVWXUEDQFHUHFRUGHU '5


yellow HMI LED, which will be lit. Binary
signals may also be used to activate the red $SSOLFDWLRQ
HMI LED for additional alerting of fault con- Use the disturbance recorder to record analog
ditions. A disturbance report summary can be and binary signals during fault conditions in
viewed on the local HMI. order to analyze disturbances. The analysis
may include fault severity, fault duration and
protection performance. Replay the recorded
3URWHFW,72YHUFXUUHQWDQGHDUWKIDXOW 5(/ 
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Page 23

data in a test set to verify protection perfor- )XQFWLRQDOLW\


mance. When a trigger condition for the disturbance
report is activated, the event recorder collects
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ time tagged events from the 48 binary signals
The disturbance recorder records both analog that are connected to disturbance report and
and binary signal information and up to ten lists the changes in status in chronological
disturbances can be recorded. order. Each list can contain up to 150 time
tagged events that can come from both inter-
Analog and digital signals can be used as trig- nal logic signals and binary input channels
gers. A trigger signal does not need to be and up to ten disturbances can be recorded.
recorded. Events are recorded during the total recording
time which depends on the set recording
A trigger is generated when the analog signal times and the actual fault time.
moves under and/or over set limit values. The
trig level is compared to the signal’s average Events can be viewed via SMS and SCS.
peak-to-peak value, making the function
insensible to DC offset. The trig condition
must occur during at least one full period, that
)DXOWORFDWRU )/2&
is, 20 ms for a 50 Hz network.
$SSOLFDWLRQ
An accurate fault locator is an essential com-
The recorder continuously records data in a plement to the line protection. The fault loca-
cyclic buffer capable of storing the amount of
tor provides distance to fault together with
data generated during the set pre-fault time of
information about the measuring loop that has
the collection window. When triggered, the been used in the calculation.
pre-fault data is saved and the data for the
fault and post-fault parts of the collection
Reliable information on fault location reduces
window is recorded. the outage time and minimises the need for
patrolling.
The RAM area for temporary storage of
recorded data is divided into subareas, one for The function has limitations for applications
each recording. The size of a subarea depends
with series compensated lines.
on the set recording times. There is sufficient
memory for four consecutive recordings with )XQFWLRQDOLW\
a maximum number of analog channels The fault locator can be started by any inter-
recorded and with maximum time settings. nal or external binary signal. Pre-fault and
Should no subarea be free at a new distur- fault phasors of currents and voltages, that
bance, the oldest recording is overwritten. were filtered from disturbance data stored
into digital sample buffers, are then used for
When a recording is completed, the post the distance to fault calculation. The phase
recording process: selective signals from the built-in protection
functions provide the necessary information
• merges the data for analog channels with for the selection of the loop to be used for the
corresponding data for binary signals calculation. It is also possible to use the exter-
stored in an event buffer nal phase selection information.
• compresses the data without loosing any
data accuracy For the distance to fault calculation, a line
• stores the compressed data in a non-vola- modelling algorithm that takes into account
tile memory the sources at both ends of the line, is used. In
this way, the influence of the load current, the
The disturbance recordings can be viewed via infeed from the remote end and the fault
SMS or SCS. resistance, can be compensated for, resulting
in a highly accurate calculation.
(YHQWUHFRUGHU (5 In case of double circuit lines, the influence
of the zero-sequence mutual impedance Zm0
$SSOLFDWLRQ is compensated for by considering the resid-
Use the event recorder to obtain a list of ual current on the parallel line.
binary signal events that occurred during the
disturbance.
3URWHFW,72YHUFXUUHQWDQGHDUWKIDXOW 5(/ 
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Page 24

The function indicates the distance to the uses samples during 1/2 - 2 periods depend-
fault as a percentage of the line length, in ing on the waveform.
kilometers or miles as selected.
If no error sample is found the trigger sample
Possibility to make recalculations with is used as the start sample for the calcula-
changed parameter settings exists. tions. The estimation is based on samples one
period before the trigger sample. In this case
Information on the last ten disturbances is the calculated values are used both as pre-
stored. fault and fault values.

The recording can be viewed on the local


7ULSYDOXHUHFRUGHU 795 HMI or via SMS.
$SSOLFDWLRQ
Use the trip value recorder to record fault and ,QFUHDVHGDFFXUDF\RI$&LQSXW
prefault phasor values of voltages and cur- TXDQWLWLHV ,0$
rents to be used in detailed analysis of the
severity of the fault and the phases that are $SSOLFDWLRQ
involved. The recorded values can also be Select the increased accuracy option to
used to simulate the fault with a test set. increase the measuring accuracy of analog
input channels, thus also increasing the accu-
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ racy of calculated quantities such as fre-
Pre-fault and fault phasors of currents and quency, active and reactive power.
voltages are filtered from disturbance data
stored in digital sample buffers. )XQFWLRQDOLW\
The increased accuracy is reached by a fac-
When the disturbance report function is trig- tory calibration of the hardware. Calibration
gered, the function looks for non-periodic factors are stored in the terminal. If the trans-
change in the analog channels. Once the fault former input module, A/D conversion module
interception is found, the function calculates or the main processing module is replaced,
the pre-fault RMS values during one period the terminal must be factory calibrated again
starting 1,5 period before the fault intercep- to retain the increased accuracy.
tion. The fault values are calculated starting a
few samples after the fault interception and

0HWHULQJ 3XOVHFRXQWHUORJLFIRUPHWHULQJ frequency of up to 40 Hz. The registration of


3& pulses is done for positive transitions (0 to 1)
on any of the 16 binary input channels on the
$SSOLFDWLRQ input module.
The pulse counter logic function counts exter-
nally generated binary pulses, for instance Pulse counter values are read from the opera-
pulses coming from an external energy meter, tor workplace with predefined cyclicity with-
for calculation of energy consumption values. out reset. The integration time period can be
The pulses are captured by the binary input set in the range from 30 seconds to 60 min-
module and then read by the pulse counter utes and is synchronized with absolute system
function. The number of pulses in the counter time.
is then reported via LON to the station con-
trol system or read via SPA from the station The counter value is a 32-bit, signed integer
monitoring system as a service value. with a range 0...+2147483647. The reported
value over the communication bus contains
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ Identity, Value, Time and Pulse Counter
Up to 12 inputs located on binary input mod- Quality.
ules can be used for counting of pulses with a
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Page 25

'DWD 5HPRWHHQGGDWDFRPPXQLFD used for galvanic short range communication


FRPPXQLFDWLRQ WLRQPRGXOHV covering distances up to 100 m in low noise
environment. Only contra-directional opera-
$SSOLFDWLRQ tion is recommended in order to get best sys-
The remote terminal communication modules tem performance. These modules are
can be used either for differential line protec- designed for 64 kbit/s operation but can also
tion applications or for binary signal transfer be used at 56 kbit/s.
of up to 32 signals in both directions between
for example distance protections. The follow- 6KRUWUDQJHJDOYDQLFPRGXOH
ing hardware modules are available: The short-range galvanic module DCM-SGM
can be used for communication over galvanic
• V35/36 contra-directional and co-direc- pilot wires and can operate for distances up to
tional 3 km depending on pilot wire cable. Twisted-
pair, double-shielded cable is recommended.
• X.21
• RS530/422 contra-directional and co- 6KRUWUDQJHILEUHRSWLFDOPRGXOH
directional The short-range fibre optical module DCM-
• G.703 SFOM can only be used with multi-mode
• Short-range galvanic module fibre.The communication distance can nor-
mally be 3 to 5 km. This module can also be
• Fibre optical communication module used for direct connection to optical/electrical
• Short-range fibre optical module communication converters of type 21-15xx
and 21-16xx from FIBERDATA
)LEUHRSWLFDOPRGXOH
The fibre optical communication module Physically the DCM module is inserted in
DCM-FOM can be used both with multi- slot position S19 for 1/2 19” rack.
mode and single-mode fibres.The communi-
cation distance can typically be 40-60 km for Physically the DCM module is inserted in
single mode fibre and typically 15-20 km for slot position S29 for 3/4 19” rack.
multi-mode fibre, with high quality fibres
even longer. This interface can also be used &RGLUHFWLRQDO*JDOYDQLFLQWHUIDFH
for direct connection to communication The galvanic data communication module
equipment of type FOX 512/515 from ABB. DCM-G.703 according to G.703 is not recom-
mended for distances above 10 m. Special
*DOYDQLFLQWHUIDFH attention must be paid to avoid problems due
The galvanic data communication modules to noise interference. This module is designed
according to V35/36 DCM-V36 contra, only for 64 kbit/s operation.
DCM-V36 co, X.21 DCM-X21, RS530/422
DCM-RS 530 contra, DCM-RS 530 co can be

&RPPXQLFDWLRQDOWHUQDWLYHV

optical fibres
DCM-FOM DCM-FOM
REx 5xx singlemode or singlemode or REx 5xx
multimode multimode

en03000159.vsd

Figure 2: Dedicated link, optical fibre connection

optical fibres

REx 5xx DCM-SFOM DCM-SFOM REx 5xx


multimode multimode

en03000150.vsd

Figure 3: Dedicated link, short range optical fibre connection


3URWHFW,72YHUFXUUHQWDQGHDUWKIDXOW 5(/ 
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Page 26

optical fibres

FOX
REx 5xx DCM-FOM 515/512
to the
MUX other end

other
users

en03000151.vsd

Figure 4: Multiplexed link, optical fibre connection

Galvanic G.703
twisted pair cable with
double shield
optical fibres < 10 m

REx 5xx DCM-FOM FOX 512/515 MUX


to the
other end

other
users

en03000152.vsd

Figure 5: Multiplexed link, fibre optical-galvanic connection with FOX 515

Galvanic V35/V36
twisted pair cable
with double shield
< 100 m

DCM-V36
REx 5xx contra
MUX
to the
other end

other
users

en03000153.vsd

Figure 6: Multiplexed link, galvanic connection, V35/V36 contra directional


3URWHFW,72YHUFXUUHQWDQGHDUWKIDXOW 5(/ 
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Page 27

Galvanic V35/V36
twisted pair cable
with double shield
< 100 m

REx 5xx DCM-V36 co MUX


to the
other end

other
users

en03000154.vsd

Figure 7: Multiplexed link, galvanic connection V35/V36 co-directional

Galvanic X.21
twisted pair cable
with double shield
< 100 m

REx 5xx DCM-X.21 MUX


to the
other end

other
users

en03000155.vsd

Figure 8: Multiplexed link, galvanic connection, X.21


3URWHFW,72YHUFXUUHQWDQGHDUWKIDXOW 5(/ 
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Page 28

Galvanic RS530/422
twisted pair cable
with double shield
< 100 m

DCM-RS530 MUX
REx 5xx
contra
to the
other end

other
users

en03000156.vsd

Figure 9: Multiplexed link, galvanic connection, RS530/422

Galvanic RS530/422
twisted pair cable
with double shield
< 100 m

REx 5xx DCM-RS530 co MUX


to the
other end

other
users

en03000157.vsd

Figure 10:Multiplexed link, galvanic connection, RS530/422 co-directional

Twisted pair
cable with
double shield

REx 5xx DCM-SGM DCM-SGM REx 5xx

en03000158.vsd

Figure 11:Dedicated link, short range galvanic modem


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Page 29

Galvanic G.703
twisted pair cable with
double shield
< 10 m

REx 5xx DCM-G.703


MUX to the
other end

other
users

en03000146.vsd

Figure 12:Multiplexed link, galvanic connection, G.703

Galvanic V35/V36
twisted pair cable with
double shield
optical fibres < 100 m

21-15X V35/V36
REx 5xx DCM-SFOM FIBERDATA
MUX to the
other end

other
users

en03000147.vsd

Figure 13:Multiplexed link, optical fiber - galvanic connection V35/V36 with 21 - 15X
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Page 30

Galvanic X.21
twisted pair cable with
double shield
optical fibres < 100 m

21-16X X.21
REx 5xx DCM-SFOM FIBERDATA
to the
MUX other end

other
users

en03000148.vsd

Figure 14:Multiplexed link, optical fibre - galvanic connection X.21 with 21-16X

Galvanic G.703
twisted pair cable with
double shield
optical fibres < 10 m

21-16X G.703
REx 5xx DCM-SFOM FIBERDATA
MUX to the
other end

other
users

en03000149.vsd

Figure 15:Multiplexed link, optical fibre - galvanic connection G.703 with 21-16X

6HULDOFRPPXQLFDWLRQ functionalities regarding monitoring and set-


ting of the functions in the terminal.
$SSOLFDWLRQ
One or two optional optical serial interfaces One RS485 interface can be inserted replac-
with LON protocol, SPA protocol or ing one of the optical interfaces. The RS485
IEC 60870-5-103 protocol, for remote com- interface is ordered as terminated for last ter-
munication, enables the terminal to be part of minal in a multidrop connection. The RS485
a Substation Automation (SA) system. These interface is alternatively ordered as untermi-
interfaces with terminal designations X13 and nated for point to point connection, or for
X15 are located at the rear of the terminal. intermediate location in a multidrop connec-
The two interfaces can be configured inde- tion. A selection between SPA and IEC
pendent of each other, each with different 60870-5-103 is made in software at setting of
the terminal.
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Page 31

6HULDOFRPPXQLFDWLRQSURWRFROVSRVVLEOHFRPELQDWLRQVRILQWHUIDFHDQGFRQQHFWRUV
Alt 1 Alt 2 Alt 3
X13 SPA/IEC fibre optic SPA/IEC RS485 SPA fibre optic
X15 LON fibre optic LON fibre optic IEC fibre optic

6HULDOFRPPXQLFDWLRQ63$ )XQFWLRQDOLW\
The IEC protocol may be used alternatively
$SSOLFDWLRQ on a fibre optic or on an RS485 network. The
This communication bus is mainly used for fibre optic network is point to point only,
SMS. It can include different numerical while the RS485 network may be used by
relays/terminals with remote communication multiple terminals in a multidrop configura-
possibilities. Connection to a personal com- tion.
puter (PC) can be made directly (if the PC is
located in the substation) or by telephone The IEC 60870-5-103 protocol implementa-
modem through a telephone network with tion in REx 5xx consists of these functions:
ITU (former CCITT) characteristics.
• Event handling
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ • Report of analog service values (measure-
When communicating with a PC, using the ments)
rear SPA port, the only hardware needed for a • Fault location
station monitoring system is:
• Command handling
• Optical fibres -Autorecloser ON/OFF
• Opto/electrical converter for the PC -Teleprotection ON/OFF
• PC -Protection ON/OFF
-LED reset
or
-Characteristics 1 - 4 (Setting groups)
• An RS485 network installation according • File transfer (disturbance files)
to EIA • Time synchronization
• PC
The events created in the terminal available
Remote communication over the telephone for the IEC protocol are based on the event
network also requires a telephone modem. function blocks EV01 - EV06 and distur-
bance function blocks DRP1 - DRP3. The
The software needed in the PC, either local or commands are represented in a dedicated
remote, is CAP 540. function block ICOM. This block has output
signals according to the IEC protocol for all
SPA communication is applied when using commands.
the front communication port, but for this
purpose, no special serial communication 6HULDOFRPPXQLFDWLRQ/21
function is required in the terminal. Only the
software in the PC and a special cable for $SSOLFDWLRQ
front connection is needed. An optical network can be used within the
Substation Automation system. This enables
6HULDOFRPPXQLFDWLRQ,(& communication with the terminal through the
,(&SURWRFRO LON bus from the operator’s workplace,
from the control center and also from other
$SSOLFDWLRQ terminals.
This communication protocol is mainly used
)XQFWLRQDOLW\
when a protection terminal communicates
An optical serial interface with LON protocol
with a third party control system. This system
must have a program that can interpret the enables the terminal to be part of a Substation
Control System (SCS) and/or Substation
IEC 60870-5-103 communication messages.
Monitoring System (SMS). This interface is
located at the rear of the terminal. The hard-
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Page 32

ware needed for applying LON communica- )XQFWLRQDOLW\/21


tion depends on the application, but one very The serial communication module for LON is
central unit needed is the LON Star Coupler placed in a slot at the rear part of the Main
and optic fibres connecting the star coupler to processing module. The serial communica-
the terminals. To communicate with the ter- tion module can have connectors for either:
minals from a Personal Computer (PC), the
SMS 510, software or/and the application • two plastic fibre cables; (Rx, Tx) or
library LIB 520 together with MicroSCADA • two glass fibre cables; (Rx, Tx)
is needed.
The type of connection is chosen when order-
6HULDOFRPPXQLFDWLRQ ing the terminal.
PRGXOHV 6&0
)URQWFRPPXQLFDWLRQ
)XQFWLRQDOLW\63$,(&
The serial communication module for SPA/ $SSOLFDWLRQ
IEC is placed in a slot at the rear part of the The special front connection cable is used to
main processing module. The serial commu- connect a PC COM-port to to the optical con-
nication module can have connectors for tact on the left side of the local HMI.
either:
)XQFWLRQDOLW\
• two plastic fibre cables; (Rx, Tx) or The cable includes an optical contact, an
• two glass fibre cables; (Rx, Tx) or opto/electrical converter and an electrical
cable with a standard 9-pole D-sub contact.
• galvanic RS485 This ensures a disturbance immune and safe
communication with the terminal.
The type of connection is chosen when order-
ing the terminal.

xx01000039

Figure 16:Front connection cable


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Page 33

+DUGZDUH 0RGXOHV
PRGXOHV
0RGXOHV
7DEOH %DVLFDOZD\VLQFOXGHGPRGXOHV
0RGXOH 'HVFULSWLRQ
Backplane module (BPM) Carries all internal signals between modules in
a terminal. The size of the module depends on
the size of the case.
Main processing module (MPM) Module for overall application control. All infor-
mation is processed or passed through this
module, such as configuration, settings and
communication. Carries up to 12 digital signal
processors, performing all measuring functions.
Human machine interface (LCD-HMI) The module consist of LED:s, a LCD, push but-
tons and an optical connector for a front con-
nected PC

7DEOH $SSOLFDWLRQVSHFLILFPRGXOHV
0RGXOH 'HVFULSWLRQ
Milliampere input module (MIM) Analog input module with 6 independent, gal-
vanically separated channels.
Binary input module (BIM) Module with 16 optically isolated binary inputs
Binary output module (BOM) Module with 24 single outputs or 12 double-pole
command outputs including supervision func-
tion
Binary I/O module (IOM) Module with 8 optically isolated binary inputs,
10 outputs and 2 fast signalling outputs.
Data communication modules (DCMs) Modules used for digital communication to
remote terminal.
Transformer input module (TRM) Used for galvanic separation of voltage and/or
current process signals and the internal cir-
cuitry.
A/D conversion module (ADM) Used for analog to digital conversion of analog
process signals galvanically separated by the
TRM.
Serial communication module (SCM) Used for SPA/LON/IEC communication
LED module (LED-HMI) Module with 18 user configurable LEDs for indi-
cation purposes

3RZHUVXSSO\PRGXOH 360 )XQFWLRQDOLW\


The power supply modules contain a built-in,
$SSOLFDWLRQ self-regulated DC/DC converter that provides
The power supply module, PSM, with built in full isolation between the terminal and the
binary I/O is used in 1/2 and 3/4 of full width battery system.
19” units. It has four optically isolated binary
inputs and five binary outputs, out of which $'PRGXOH $'0
one binary output is dedicated for internal
fail. )XQFWLRQDOLW\
The inputs of the A/D-conversion module
(ADM) are fed with voltage and current sig-
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Page 34

nals from the transformer module. The cur- %LQDU\,2FDSDELOLWLHV


rent signals are adapted to the electronic
voltage level with shunts. To gain dynamic $SSOLFDWLRQ
range for the current inputs, two shunts with Input channels with high EMI immunity can
separate A/D channels are used for each input be used as binary input signals to any func-
current. By that a 16-bit dynamic range is tion. Signals can also be used in disturbance
obtained with a 12 bits A/D converter. or event recording. This enables extensive
monitoring and evaluation of the operation of
The input signals passes an anti aliasing filter the terminal and associated electrical circuits.
with a cut-off frequency of 500 Hz.
)XQFWLRQDOLW\
Each input signal (5 voltages and 5 currents) Inputs are designed to allow oxide burn-off
is sampled with a sampling frequency of from connected contacts, and increase the
2 kHz. disturbance immunity during normal protec-
tion operate times. This is achieved with a
The A/D-converted signals are low-pass fil- high peak inrush current while having a low
tered with a cut-off frequency of 250 Hz and steady-state current. Inputs are debounced by
down-sampled to 1 kHz in a digital signal software.
processor (DSP) before transmitted to the
main processing module. Well defined input high and input low volt-
ages ensures normal operation at battery sup-
ply earth faults.
7UDQVIRUPHUPRGXOH 750
The voltage level of the inputs is selected
)XQFWLRQDOLW\
A transformer input module can have up to when ordering.
10 input transformers. The actual number
I/O events are time stamped locally on each
depends on the type of terminal. Terminals
including only current measuring functions module for minimum time deviance and
stored by the event recorder if present.
only have current inputs. Fully equipped the
transformer module consists of:
%LQDU\LQSXWPRGXOH %,0
• Five voltage transformers
• Five current transformers $SSOLFDWLRQ
Use the binary input module, BIM, when a
The inputs are mainly used for: large amount of inputs are needed. The BIM
is available in two versions, one standard and
• Phase currents one with enhanced pulse counting inputs to
be used with the pulse counter function.
• Residual current of the protected line
• Residual current of the parallel circuit (if )XQFWLRQDOLW\
any) for compensation of the effect of the The binary input module, BIM, has 16 opti-
zero sequence mutual impedance on the cally isolated binary inputs.
fault locator measurement or residual cur-
rent of the protected line but from a paral- A signal discriminator detects and blocks
lel core used for CT circuit supervision oscillating signals. When blocked, a hystere-
function or independent earth fault func- sis function may be set to release the input at
tion. a chosen frequency, making it possible to use
• Phase voltages the input for pulse counting. The blocking
frequency may also be set.
• Open delta voltage for the protected line
(for an optional directional earth-fault
protection) %LQDU\RXWSXWPRGXOH %20
• Phase voltage for an optional synchro-
nism and energizing check. $SSOLFDWLRQ
Use the binary output module, BOM, for trip
output or any signalling purpose when a large
amount of outputs is needed.
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Page 35

)XQFWLRQDOLW\ connected in parallel to the standard output


The binary output module, BOM, has 24 soft- relay.
ware supervised output relays, pairwise con-
nected to be used as single-output channels 1RWH7KHPDNLQJFDSDFLW\RIWKHUHHGUHOD\V
with a common connection or as command DUHOLPLWHG
output channels.
P$LQSXWPRGXOH 0,0
$SSOLFDWLRQ
Use the milliampere input module, MIM, to
5
1 interface transducer signals in the ± 20 mA
range from for example temperature and pres-
sure transducers.
5
2 )XQFWLRQDOLW\
The milliampere input module has six input
channels, each with a separate protection and
filter circuit, A/D converter and optically iso-
3 lated connection to the backplane.

The digital filter circuits have individually


xx00000299.vsd
programmable cut-off frequencies, and all
parameters for filtering and calibration are
stored in a nonvolatile memory on the mod-
1 Output connection from relay 1
ule. The calibration circuitry monitors the
2 Common input connection module temperature and commences an auto-
3 Output connection from relay 2 matical calibration procedure if the tempera-
ture drift increase outside the allowed range.
Figure 17:Relay pair example The module uses the serial CAN bus for
backplane communication.
%LQDU\LQSXWRXWSXWPRGXOH
Signal events are time stamped locally for
,20 minimum time deviance and stored by the
event recorder if present.
$SSOLFDWLRQ
Use the binary I/O module, IOM, when few
input and output channels are needed. The ten +XPDQPDFKLQHLQWHUIDFH
output channels are used for trip output or PRGXOH /&'+0,
any signalling purpose. The two high speed
signal output channels are used for applica- $SSOLFDWLRQ
tions where short operating time is essential. The human machine interface is used to mon-
itor and in certain aspects affect the way the
)XQFWLRQDOLW\ product operates. The configuration designer
The binary I/O module, IOM, has eight opti- can add functions for alerting in case of
cally isolated inputs and ten output relays. important events that needs special attention
One of the outputs has a change-over contact. from you as an operator.
The nine remaining output contacts are con-
nected in two groups. One group has five Use the terminals built-in communication
contacts with a common and the other group functionality to establish SMS communica-
has four contacts with a common, to be used tion with a PC with suitable software tool.
as single-output channels. Connect the PC to the optical connector on
the local HMI with the special front commu-
The binary I/O module also has two high nication cable including an opto-electrical
speed output channels where a reed relay is converter for disturbance free and safe com-
munication.
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Page 36

'HVLJQ

5HDG\ 6WDUW 7ULS


5(/9HU
& 4XLW 2
( (QWHUPHQX

C
3
5
E

1. Status indication LEDs


2. LCD display
3. &DQFHO and (QWHU buttons
4. Navigation buttons
5. Optical connector

Figure 18:The LCD-HMI module

The number of buttons used on the HMI tection and control and consists totally of 18
module is reduced to a minimum to allow a LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes). The main
communication as simple as possible for the purpose is to present on site an immediate
user. The buttons normally have more than visual information such as protection indica-
one function, depending on actual dialogue. tions or alarm signals. It is located on the
front of the protection and control terminals.
/(',QGLFDWLRQPRGXOH )XQFWLRQDOLW\
/('+0, The 18 LED indication module is equipped
with 18 LEDs, which can light or flash in
$SSOLFDWLRQ either red, yellow or green color. A descrip-
The LED indication module is an option for tion text can be added for each of the LEDs.
the feature for the REx 5xx terminals for pro-
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Page 37

xx00000406.vsd

1 Three-color LEDs
2 Descriptive label, user exchangeable

Figure 19:The 18 LED indication module (LED-HMI)

The information on the LEDs is stored at loss four as latch type. Two of the latching types
of the auxiliary power for the terminal, so that are intended to be used as a protection indica-
the latest LED picture appears immediately tion system, either in collecting or re-starting
after the terminal has restarted succesfully. mode, with reset functionality. The other two
are intended to be used as a signaling system
/('LQGLFDWLRQIXQFWLRQ +/+/(' in collecting mode with an acknowledgment
Each LED indication on the HMI LED mod- functionality. See Application manual for
ule can be set individually to operate in six more detailed information.
different sequences; two as follow type and
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Page 38

+DUGZDUHGHVLJQ /D\RXWVDQGGLPHQVLRQV
'HVLJQ

'LPHQVLRQVFDVHZLWKRXWUHDUFRYHU

E K

D
F
A

C
B
G J
xx02000646.vsd
H
Figure 20:Case without rear cover
xx02000647.vsd

Figure 21:Case without rear cover with 19” rack


mounting kit

&DVHVL]H $ % & ' ( ) * + - .


6U, 1/2 x 19” 265.9 223.7 204.1 252.9 205.7 190.5 203.7 - 186.6 -
6U, 3/4 x 19” 256.9 336 204.1 252.9 318 190.5 316 - 186.6 -
(mm)

The H and K dimensions are defined by the 19” rack mounting kit
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Page 39

'LPHQVLRQVFDVHZLWKUHDUFRYHU

F
K

E
G
A

C
B D J
H
xx02000648.vsd I
xx02000649.vsd

Figure 22:Case with rear cover Figure 23:Case with rear cover and 19” rack
mounting kit

xx02000650.vsd

Figure 24:Case with rear cover

&DVHVL]H $ % & ' ( ) * + , - .


6U, 1/2 x 19” 265.9 223.7 204.1 245.1 255.8 205.7 190.5 203.7 - 227.6 -
6U, 3/4 x 19” 265.9 336 204.1 245.1 255.8 318 190.5 316 - 227.6 -
(mm)

The I and K dimensions are defined by the 19” rack mounting kit.
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Page 40

3DQHOFXWRXWVIRU5([VHULHVVLQJOHFDVH
Flush mounting Semi-flush mounting

C
A

G
E F

D
xx02000666.vsd

xx02000665.vsd

&XWRXWGLPHQVLRQV PP

$ %
&DVHVL]H
6U, 1/2 x 19” 210.1 254.3
6U, 3/4 x 19” 322.4 254.3

C = 4-10 mm
D = 16.5 mm
E = 187.6 mm without rear protection cover, 228.6 mm with rear protection cover
F = 106.5 mm
G = 97.6 mm without rear protection cover, 138.6 mm with rear protection cover
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Page 41

3DQHOFXWRXWIRU5([VHULHVVLGHE\VLGHFDVHV

D
B
E

F
C
xx02000651.vsd

19"

xx02000652.vsd

Figure 25:Flush mounting of side by side cases

&DVHVL]H &XWRXWGLPHQVLRQV
$ % & ' ( ) *
6U, 3/4 x 19” 326.4 259.3 352.8 190.5 34.4 13.2 ø 6.4
6U, 1/1 x 19” 438.7 259.3 465.1 190.5 34.4 13.2 ø 6.4
(mm)
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Page 42

'LPHQVLRQVZDOOPRXQWLQJ

80 mm

xx02000653.vsd

B Screws M6 or
E corresponding

C
D

en02000654.vsd

Figure 26:Wall mounting

&DVHVL]H PP $ % & ' (


6U, 1/2 x 19” 292 267.1 272.8 390 247
6U, 3/4 x 19” 404.3 379.4 272.8 390 247
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Page 43

7HUPLQDOGLDJUDP 'UDZLQJV

en03000144.eps

Figure 27:Hardware structure of the 3/4 of full width 19” case

en03000143.eps

Figure 28:Hardware structure of the 1/2 of full width 19” case


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Page 44

L1
L2
L3
(MPM) (TRM)
X13:TX SPA / X11:
IEC-870-5-103 (ADM)
1) X13:RX 1
TX OPTION
∩ I1 4
2) HMI HMI
RX 2
X15:TX I2
3) X15:RX LON OPTION 5
3
(PSM) I3 6
X18: INTERNAL 8
INTERNAL 16 FAIL
FAIL I4 7
X18:
15 9
+
I5 10 4)
X12:
1
501.24 U1 2
501.22 6
U2 7
501

12 22 8
14 24 U3 9
X18: 10
11 21 17
+ 5
EL 13 23 4
18
- 3
12
7) 1) COMMUNICATION PORT SPA/IEC 870-5-103
U4 14 5)
2) OPTICAL PORT ON LOCAL HMI.
CONNECTION MADE WITH THE FRONT 16
CONNECTION CABLE FOR PC. U5 6)
18
3) COMMUNICATION PORT LON
4) RESERVED FOR PARALLEL LINE
COMPENSATION WHEN FAULT LOCATOR IS
USED OR CTSU ALT WEF 1 and 2 WHEN Ir =
0,1A OR 0,5 A IS SELECTED ON TRM
5) RESERVED FOR DIRECTIONAL EARTH-
FAULT FUNCTION
6) RESERVED FOR REF.VOLTAGE
7) OPTIONAL ON/OFF SWITCH FOR THE DC-
SUPPLY.

xx00000438.vsd

7HFKQLFDOGDWD *HQHUDO
'HILQLWLRQV

5HIHUHQFHYDOXH

The specified value of an influencing factor to which are referred the characteristics of the
equipment.
1RPLQDOUDQJH

The range of values of an influencing quantity (factor) whithin which, under specified condi-
tions, the equipment meets the specified requirements.
2SHUDWLYHUDQJH

The range of values of a given energizing quantity for which the equipment, under specified
conditions, is able to perform its intended functions according to the specified requirements.
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Page 45

7DEOH &DVH
Material Steel sheet
Front plate Steel sheet profile with cut-out for HMI and for 18 LED when
included
Surface treatment Aluzink preplated steel
Finish Light beige (NCS 1704-Y15R)
Degree of protection Front side: IP40, optional IP54 with sealing strip. Rear side: IP20

7DEOH :HLJKW
&DVHVL]H :HLJKW
6U, 1/2 x 19” ≤ 8.5 kg
6U, 3/4 x 19” ≤ 11 kg

7DEOH 3603RZHU6XSSO\0RGXOH
4XDQWLW\ 5DWHGYDOXH 1RPLQDOUDQJH
Auxiliary dc voltage EL = (48 - 250) V ± 20%

7DEOH 750(QHUJL]LQJTXDQWLWLHVUDWHGYDOXHVDQGOLPLWV
4XDQWLW\ 5DWHGYDOXH 1RPLQDOUDQJH
Current Ir = 1 or 5 A (0.2-30) × Ir

Ir=0.1, 0.5, 1 or 5 A for I5


Operative range (0.004-100) x Ir
Permissive overload 4 × Ir cont.

100 × Ir for 1 s *)
Burden < 0.25 VA at Ir = 1 or 5 A

< 0.02 VA at Ir = 0.1 or 0.5 A


Ac voltage for the terminal Ur = 110 V **) 100/110/115/120 V

Ur = 220 V **) 200/220/230/240 V


Operative range (0.001-1.5) x Ur
Permissive overload 2.3 × Ur phase-earth, cont.

3.0 x Ur phase-earth, for 1 s


Burden < 0.2 VA at Ur
Frequency fr = 50/60 Hz +/-10%
*)
max. 350 A for 1 s when COMBITEST test switch is included.
**) The rated voltage of each individual voltage input U1 to U5 is Ur/√3

7DEOH 3RZHUFRQVXPSWLRQEDVLFWHUPLQDO
6L]HRIWHUPLQDO 7\SLFDOYDOXH
1/2 of 19” rack ≤ 18 W
3/4 of 19” rack ≤ 26 W
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Page 46

7DEOH 7HPSHUDWXUHDQGKXPLGLW\LQIOXHQFH
3DUDPHWHU 5HIHUHQFHYDOXH 1RPLQDOUDQJH ,QIOXHQFH
Ambient temperature +20 °C -10 °C to +55 °C 0.01% / °C

Operative range -25 °C to +55°C


Relative humidity 10%-90% 10%-90% -

Operative range 0%-95%


Storage temperature -40 °C to +70 °C - -

7DEOH $X[LOLDU\'&VXSSO\YROWDJHLQIOXHQFHRQIXQFWLRQDOLW\GXULQJ
RSHUDWLRQ
'HSHQGHQFHRQ :LWKLQQRPLQDOUDQJH ,QIOXHQFH
Ripple, in DC auxiliary voltage Max 12% 0.01% / %
Interrupted auxiliary DC voltage 48-250 V dc ±20%
Without reset <50 ms
Correct function 0-∞ s
Restart time <180 s

7DEOH )UHTXHQF\LQIOXHQFH
'HSHQGHQFHRQ :LWKLQQRPLQDOUDQJH ,QIOXHQFH
Frequency dependence fr ±10% for 16 2/3 Hz ±2.0% / Hz

fr ±10% for 50 Hz

fr ±10% for 60 Hz
Harmonic frequency dependence 2nd, 3rd and 5th harmonic of fr ±6.0%
(10% content)

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1 MHz burst disturbance 2.5 kV IEC 60255-22-1, Class III
For short range galvanic modem 2.5kV IEC 60255-22-1, Class III
For galvanic interface
• common mode 1 kV IEC 60255-22-1, Class II
• differential mode
0.5 kV IEC 60255-22-1, Class II
Electrostatic discharge
Direct application Air 8 kV IEC 60255-22-2, Class III

Contact 6 kV
For short range galvanic modem Air 8 kV IEC 60255-22-2, Class III
Contact 6 kV
Fast transient disturbance 4 kV IEC 60255-22-4, Class A
For short range galvanic modem 4 kV IEC 60255-22-4, Class A
For galvanic interface 1 kV IEC 60255-22-4, Class B
Surge immunity test 1-2 kV, 1.2/50µs IEC 60255-22-5

high energy
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Power frequency immunity test 150-300 V, IEC 60255-22-7, Class A

50 Hz
Power frequency magnetic field test 1000 A/m, 3s IEC 61000-4-8, Class V
Radiated electromagnetic field distur- 10 V/m, IEC 60255-22-3
bance 80-1000 MHz
Radiated electromagnetic field distur- 10 V/m, IEC 61000-4-3, Class III
bance 80-1000 MHz,
1.4-2.0 GHz
Radiated electromagnetic field distur- 35 V/m IEEE/ANSI C37.90.2
bance
26-1000 MHz
Conducted electromagnetic field dis- 10 V, 0.15-80 MHz IEC 60255-22-6
turbance
Radiated emission 30-1000 MHz IEC 60255-25
Conducted emission 0.15-30 MHz IEC 60255-25

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1 MHz burst disturbance 1 kV IEC 60255-22-1, Class II
Electrostatic discharge
Direct application Air 8 kV IEC 60255-22-2, Class III

Contact 6kV
Fast transient disturbance 1kV IEC 60255-22-4, Class B
Surge immunity test 1 kV, 1.2/50 µs IEC 60255-22-5

high energy
Power frequency immunity test 150-300 V, IEC 60255-22-7, Class A

50 Hz
Power frequency magnetic 1000 A/m, 3 s IEC 61000-4-8, Class V
field test
Radiated electromagnetic field 10 V/m, 80-1000 MHz IEC 60255-22-3
disturbance
Radiated electromagnetic field 10 V/m, 80-1000 MHz, IEC 61000-4-3, Class III
disturbance 1.4-2.0 GHz
Radiated electromagnetic field 35V/m, IEEE/ANSI C37.90.2
disturbance
26-1000 MHz
Conducted electromagnetic 10 V, 0.15-80 MHz IEC 60255-22-6
field disturbance
Radiated emission 30-1000 MHz IEC 60255-25
Conducted emission 0.15-30 MHz IEC 60255-25
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Dielectric test 2.0 kVAC, 1 min. IEC 60255-5
Impulse voltage test 5 kV, 1.2/50 µs, 0.5 J
Insulation resistance >100 MΩ at 500 VDC

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Immunity EN 61000-6-2
Emissivity EN 61000-6-4
Low voltage directive EN 50178

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Vibration Class I IEC 60255-21-1
Shock and bump Class I IEC 60255-21-2
Seismic Class I IEC 60255-21-3

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3DUDPHWHU 5DQJH
Built-in calender With leap years through 2098

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'DWD 9DOXH
Recording manner Continuous, event con-
trolled
List size 40 events, first in-first out

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Time tagging resolution 1 ms
Time tagging error with synchronisation once/60 s ± 1.5 ms
Time tagging error without synchronisation ± 3 ms/min

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Protocol SPA
Communication speed for the terminals 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600 Bd
Slave number 1 to 899
Change of active group allowed Yes
Change of settings allowed Yes

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Communication speed for the cable 0.3-115 Kbaud
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10 ms AND 30 gates
OR 60 gates
INV 20 inverters
SM 20 flip-flops
GT 5 gates
TS 5 timers

200 ms SR 5 flip-flops
XOR 39 gates

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%ORFN $YDLODELOLW\ 6HWWLQJUDQJH $FFXUDF\
TM 10 timers 0.000-60.000 s in ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
steps of 1 ms
TP 10 pulse timers 0.000-60.000 s in ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
steps of 1 ms
TL 10 timers 0.0-90000.0 s in ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
steps of 0.1 s
TQ 10 puls timers 0.0-90000.0 s in ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
steps of 0.1 s

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8SGDWHUDWH %ORFN $YDLODELOLW\
200 ms AND 239 gates
OR 159 gates
INV 59 inverters
MOF 3 registers
MOL 3 registers

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%ORFN $YDLODELOLW\ 6HWWLQJUDQJH $FFXUDF\
TP 40 pulse timers 0.000-60.000 s in ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
steps of 1 ms
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Impedance setting Reactive reach Positive-sequence reac- 0.1-400 ohm/phase in
range at Ir = 1A forward tance steps of 0.01 ohm/phase
Zero-sequence reac- 0.1-1200 ohm/phase in
tance steps of 0.01 ohm /phase
Reactive reach Positive-sequence reac- 0.1-400 ohm/phase in
reverse tance steps of 0.01 ohm/phase
Zero-sequence reac- 0.1-1200 ohm/phase in
tance steps of 0.01 ohm /phase
Resistive reach For phase - phase faults 0.1-400 ohm/loop in steps
(forward & of 0.01 ohm/loop
reverse) For phase - earth faults 0.1-400 ohm/loop in steps
of 0.01 ohm/loop
Load encroachment 0.1-400 ohm/loop in steps
of 0.01 ohm/loop
Safety load impedance 5-45 degrees in steps of 1
angle degrees
Overcurrent set- Phase currents 10-400% of I1b in steps
ting range of 1%
Residual current 10-150% of I4b in steps
of 1%
Timers For phase-to-phase measuring elements 0.000-60.000 s in steps of
1 ms
For phase-to-earth measuring elements 0.000-60.000 s in steps of
1 ms
Static angular Voltage range (0.1-1.1) x Ur +/-5 degrees
accuracy at 0 Current range (0.5-30) x Ir
degrees and 85
degrees
Reset ratio 105% typically

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Operate residual current, IN> 20-200% of I4b in steps of 1%
Operate residual voltage, 3U0> 30-70% of U1b in steps of 1%
Voltage phase Phase to phase, UPP< 20-170% of U1b in steps of 1%
selection Phase to earth, UPN< 10-100% of U1b in steps of 1%
Cyclic tripping phase preference L1L3L2, L3L1L2
Non-cyclic tripping phase preference L1L3L2, L1L2L3, L3L2L1,
L3L1L2, L2L1L3, L2L3L1
Non-cyclic blocking phase preference L1L3L2, L1L2L3, L3L2L1,
L3L1L2, L2L1L3, L2L3L1
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Coordination timer, tCoord 0.000-60.000 s in steps of +/-0.5% +/-10ms
1 ms
Minimum send time, tSendMin 0.000-60.000 s in steps of +/-0.5% +/-10ms
1 ms
Security timer, tSec 0.000-60.000 s in steps of +/-0.5% +/-10ms
1 ms

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Pickup time for current 0.000-60.000 s in steps of ±0.5% ±10ms
reversal, tPickUp 0.001s
Delay time for current 0.000-60.000 s in steps of ±0.5% ±10ms
reversal, tDelay 0.001s
Coordination time for weak 0.000-60.000 s in steps of ±0.5% ±10ms
end infeed logic, tWEI 0.001s
Detection level phase to 10-100% of U1b ±2.5% of Ur
neutral voltage, UPN<
Detection level phase to 20-170% of U1b ±2.5% of Ur at U≤Ur
phase voltage, UPP<
±2.5% of U at U>Ur

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Faulted phase voltage detection level in % of 50-100% of Uref in steps ±2.5% of Ur
cross-polarised phase-phase voltage divided of 1%
by sqrt(3)
Time constant for reference voltages 1-60s in steps of 1s
Residual current detection level 10-150% of I1b in steps ±2.5% of Ir at I ≤ Ir
of 1%
±2.5% of I at I > Ir
Time delay tM for single-pole tripping 0.000-60.000s in steps ±0.5% ±10 ms
of 0.01s
Time delay tT for three-pole tripping 0.000-60.000s in steps ±0.5% ±10 ms
of 0.01s
Time delay tPIR for residual current tripping 0.000-60.000s in steps ±0.5% ±10 ms
(or indication) of 0.01s

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Delay following dead line detection input 200 ms +/-0.5% +/-10 ms
before SOTF function is automatically enabled
Time period after circuit breaker closure in 1000 ms +/-0.5% +/-10 ms
which SOTF function is active
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Operate cur- Phase measur- (50-2000)% of - ± 2.5 % of Ir at I ≤Ir
rent I>> ing elements I1b In steps of
± 2.5 % of I at I > Ir
1%
Maximum operate time at I > 10 × Iset Max. 15ms -
Dynamic overreach at τ< 100 ms - < 5%

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Operate current Phase measuring ele- (10-400) % of I1b ± 2.5 % of Ir at I ≤ Ir
ments, IP> in steps of 1 % ± 2.5 % of I at I >Ir
Residual measuring (10-150) % of I4b ± 2.5 % of Ir at I ≤ Ir
elements, IN> in steps of 1 % ± 2.5 % of I at I >Ir
Time delay Phase measuring ele- (0.000-60.000) s in ± 0.5 % of t ± 10 ms
ments steps of 1 ms
Residual measuring (0.000-60.000) s in ± 0.5 % of t ± 10 ms
elements steps of 1 ms
Dynamic overreach at τ< 100 ms - <5%

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Operate value for low set func- (5-500) % of I1b in +/- 2.5% of I1r at I ≤ I1r
tion steps of 1%
+/- 2.5 % of I at I>I1r
I > Low
Base current for inverse time (5-500) % of I1b in +/- 2.5 % of I1r at I ≤ I1r
calculation steps of 1%
+/- 2.5 % of I at I> I1r
I > Inv
Minimum operate time (0.000-60.000)s in +/- 0.5 % +/- 10 ms
steps of 1 ms
tMinInv
Definite time delay for low set (0.000-60.000)s in +/- 0.5 % +/- 10 ms
function steps of 1 ms

tLow
Operate value of high set func- (50-2000) % of I1b in +/- 2.5% of I1r at I ≤ I1r
tion steps of 1%
+/- 2.5 % of I at I>I1r
I > High
Definite time delay for high set (0.000-60.000) s in +/- 0.5 % +/- 10 ms
function steps of 1 ms

tHigh
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Normal inverse characteristic IEC 60255-3 class 5+/- 60 ms

I = Imeas/Iset
Very inverse characteristic IEC 60255-3 class 7.5+/- 60 ms
13.5
t = ----------- ⋅ k
I–1
Extremely inverse characteristic IEC 60255-3 class 7.5+/- 60 ms

Dynamic overreach at τ< 100 ms <5%

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Operate value of low set func- (20-2000)% of I1b in ± 2.5 % of Ir at I ≤ Ir
tion, I>Low steps of 1%
± 2.5 % of I at I>Ir
Base current for inverse time (20-500) % of I1b in ± 2.5 % of Ir at I ≤ Ir
calculation, I>Inv steps of 1 %
± 2.5 % of I at I>Ir
Resetting ratio - >95%
Minimum operate time, tMinInv (0.000-60.000) s in steps ± 0.5 % ±10 ms
of 1 ms
Definite time delay for low set (0.000-60.000) s in step
function, tLow of 1ms
± 0.5 % ±10 ms
Operate value of high set func- (20-2000) % of I1b in ± 2.5 % of Ir at I ≤ Ir
tion, I>High steps of 1 %
± 2.5 % of I at I>Ir
Definite time delay for high set (0.000-60.000) s in steps
function, tHigh of 1 ms
± 0.5 % ±10 ms
Static angular accuracy at 0 Voltage range (0.1-1.1) x ± 5 degrees
degrees and 85 degrees Ur
Current range (0.5-30) x
Ir
Normal inverse characteristic IEC 60255-3 class 5 + 60 ms

I = Imeas/Iset

Very inverse characteristic IEC 60255-3 class 7.5 + 60 ms


13.5
I = Imeas/Iset t = ----------- ⋅ k
I–1

Extremely inverse characteristic IEC 60255-3 class 7.5 + 60 ms

I = Imeas/Iset

RI-inverse characteristic IEC 60256-3 class 5 + 60 ms


1
I = Imeas/Iset t = ------------------------------------ ⋅ k
0.236
0.339 – ---------------
I
Dynamic overreach at τ< 100 ms <5%
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Current level for step 1, IN1> 50 - 2500% of Ib in ± 5 % of Ir at I≤Ir
steps of 1%
± 5% of I at I>Ir
Definite time delay for step 1, t1 0.000 - 60.000 s in ± 0.5 % ±10 ms
steps of 1ms
Current level for step 2, IN2> 20 - 1500 % of Ib in ± 5 % of Ir at I≤Ir
steps of 1%
± 5% of I at I>Ir
Definite time delay for step 2, t2 0.000 - 60.000 s in ± 0.5 % ± 10 ms
steps of 1 ms
Current level for step 3, IN3> 20 - 1500 % of Ib in ± 5 % of Ir at I≤Ir
steps of 1%
± 5% of I at I>Ir
Definite time delay for step 3, t3 0.000 - 60.000 s in ± 0.5 % ± 10 ms
steps of 1 ms
Current level for step 4 definite time 4 - 440 % of Ib in steps ± 5 % of Ir at I≤Ir
delay or minimum operate current of 0.1%
± 5% of I at I>Ir
for inverse time delay, IN4>
Definite time delay for step 4 or 0.000 - 60.000 s in ± 0.5 % ±10 ms
inverse time additional delay, t4 steps of 1 ms
Base current for inverse time delay, 4 - 110% of Ib in steps ± 5 % of Ir at I≤Ir
IN>Inv of 0.1%
± 5% of I at I>Ir
Time multiplier for inverse time 0.05 - 1.10 in steps of -
delay 0.01
Inverse time minimum delay step 4 0.000 - 60.000 s in ± 0.5 % ± 10 ms
steps of 1 ms
Operate value Forward IN at ϕ= 5-40% of Ib in steps of ± 2.5 % of Ir at I≤Ir
for directional 65° 1%
± 2.5% of I at I>Ir
current mea-
Reverse 60% of Forward ± 2.5 % of Ir at I≤Ir
surement
± 2.5% of I at I>Ir
Level of harmonic restrain 20% or 32% ± 5%
Characteristic angle 65° lagging ± 5° at 20 V and Iset= 35 %
of Ir
I = Imeas/Iset
Normal inverse characteristic IEC 60255-3 class 5 ± 60 ms

I = Imeas/Iset
Very inverse characteristic 13.5 IEC 60255-3 class 7.5 ± 60
t = ----------- ⋅ k ms
I–1
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Extremely inverse characteristic IEC 60255-3 class 7.5 ± 60
ms

Logarithmic characteristic ± 5 % of t at I = (1.3-29) × IN


I
t = 5.8 – 1.35 ⋅ ln -----
IN

Switch onto fault active time, t4U 0.000 - 60.000 s in ± 0.5 % ± 10 ms


steps of 1 ms

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Operate current, IN> (3.0 - 2000.0 ) % of Ib in ± 2.5% of Ir at I ≤ Ir
steps of 0.1%
± 2.5% of I at I > Ir
Operate voltage, UN> (5.0 - 70.0) % of Ub in steps ± 2.5% of Ur at U ≤ Ur
of 0.1%
± 2.5% of U at U > Ur
Characteristic Angle (-90.0 to +90.0) degrees in
steps of 0.1 degrees
Definite time delay, tTrip (0.000 - 60.000) s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
1 ms
Reset ratio > 90% typically

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Operate current, IN> (5.0 - 400.0) % of Ib in steps ± 2.5% of Ir at I ≤ Ir
of 0.1%
± 2.5% of I at I > Ir
Operate voltage, UN> (1.0-70.0) % of Ub in steps of ± 2.5% of Ur at U ≤ Ur
0.1%
± 2.5% of U at U > Ur
Characteristic angle (-90.0 to +90.0) degrees in
steps of 0.1 degrees
Definite time delay, tTrip (0.000-60.000) s in steps of 1 ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
ms
Inverse characteristic k = (0.0-2.0) in steps of 0.01 IEC 60255-3 class 5 ± 60 ms

S ref Sref = (5.0 - 50.0) % of Sb in


Ti = k steps of 0.1%
S measured

Reset ratio > 90% typically

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Coordination timer 0.000-60.000 s in steps of 1 ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
ms
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Operate voltage for WEI trip, U> 5-70 % of U1b in steps of 1% ± 5% of set value
Current reversal pickup timer, 0.000-60.000 s in steps of 1 ms ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
tPickUp
Current reversal delay timer, tDelay 0.000-60.000 s in steps of 1 ms ± 0.5% ± 10 ms

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Mode of operation Off / NonComp / Comp

( Function blocked/No temp.


compensation/Temp. comp.)
Base current

IBase (10 - 200 ) % of I1b in steps ± 2.5% of Ir


of 1 %
Temperature rise at IBase

TBase (0 - 100) °C in steps of 1° C ± 1°C


Time constant

tau (1 - 62) min in steps of 1 min ± 1 min


Alarm temperature

TAlarm (50 - 150) °C in steps of 1°C


Trip temperature

TTrip (50 - 150) °C in steps of 1 °C


Temp. difference for reset of
trip
(5 - 30) °C in steps of 1°C
TdReset

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Upper value for mA input

MI11-I_Max -25.00 - 25.00 mA in steps of ± 0.5% of set value


0.01 mA
Lower value for mA input +/- 0.5% of set value

MI11-I_Min -25.00 - 25.00 mA in steps of


0.01 mA
Temp. corresponding to the +/- 1% of set value +/- 1°C
MI11-I_Max setting
-1000 - 1000 °C in steps of 1
MI11-MaxValue °C
Temp. corresponding to the +/- 1% of set value +/- 1°C
MI11-I_Min setting
-1000 - 1000° C in steps of 1
MI11-MinValue °C
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Operate current, IP> (20-300) % of I1b ± 2.5 % of Ir at I ≤Ir
±2.5 % of I at I > Ir

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Operate current 10% of I1b ± 2.5 % of Ir
Time delay (0.000-60.000) s in steps of ± 0.5 % ± 10 ms
1 ms

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Operate current, IP> (one 5-200% of I1b in steps of 1% ± 2.5% of Ir at I ≤ Ir
measuring element per ± 2.5% of I at I > Ir
phase)
Retrip time delay t1 0.000-60.000 s in steps of 1 ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
ms
Back-up trip time delay t2 0.000-60.000 s in steps of 1 ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
ms

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Trip operate time Max 18 ms
Operate time for current detection Max 10 ms

9ROWDJH

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Operate voltage, UPE< (10-100) % of U1b in steps of ± 2.5 % of Ur
1%
Time delay (0.000-60.000) s in steps of ± 0.5 % ±10 ms
1ms
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Operate voltage Phase measuring (50-170)% of U1b in steps ± 2.5 % of Ur at U ≤
U> elements of 1% Ur

± 2.5 % of U at U >
Ur
Time delay Phase measuring (0.000-60.000) s in steps ± 0.5 % ± 10 ms
elements of 1ms

Operate voltage Residual measur- (5-100)% of U1b in steps ± 2.5 % of Ur at U ≤


U> ing elements of 1% Ur
± 2.5 % of U at U >
Ur
Time delay Residual measur- (0.000-60.000) s in steps ± 0.5 % ± 10 ms
ing elements of 1ms

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Minimum level of highest 10-100% of I1b in steps of 1% ± 2.5% of Ir
phase current for operation,
IP>
Output time delay, t 0.000-60.000 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10ms
0.001s

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Operate voltage, UPE< 10-100% of U1b in steps of ± 2.5% of Ur
1%

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Operate current, IP> 20-300% of I1b in steps of 1% ± 2.5% of Ir at I≤Ir
± 2.5% of I at I>Ir

Time delay, t 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms

0.1 s

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Automatic check of dead Operate phase current, IP< (5-100) % of I1b in ± 2.5 % of Ir
line condition steps of 1%
Operate phase voltage, U< (10-100) % of U1b in ± 2.5 % of Ur
steps of 1%
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Operate current, IMinOp 5-100% of I1b in steps of 1% ± 5.0% of Ir

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Negative-sequence Operate voltage (10 - 50)% of U1b in ± 2.5 % of Ur
quantities: 3U2> steps of 1%
Operate current (10 - 50)% of I1b in ± 2.5 % of Ir
3I2> steps of 1%

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Zero-sequence Operate voltage (10-50)% of U1b in steps of ± 2.5 % of Ur
quantities: 3U0> 1%
Operate current (10-50)% of I1b in steps of 1% ± 2.5 % of Ir
3I0<

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Operate voltage change level, DU> (50-90)% of U1b in steps of 1% ± 2.5% of Ur
Operate current change level, DI< (10-50)% of I1b in steps of 1% ± 2.5% of Ir

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Residual overvoltage limit, UN> 1.0-80.0% of ± 2.5% of Ur
Ub in steps of
0.1%
Time delayed operation for start signal, tDelay 0.000- ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
300.000 s in
steps of 1 ms

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Frequency difference limit, 50-500 mHz in steps of 10 mHz ≤20 mHz
FreqDiffSynch

Breaker closing pulse duration,


0.000-60.000 s in steps of 1 ms ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
tPulse
Breaker closing time, tBreaker
0.02-0.50 s in steps of 0.01 s ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
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Bus / line voltage frequency range limit ± 5 Hz from fr

Bus / line voltage frequency rate of change limit <0.21 Hz/s

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Synchrocheck:

Frequency difference limit, FreqDiff 50-300 mHz in steps of 10 mHz ≤20 mHz

Voltage difference limit, UDiff 5-50% of U1b in steps of 1% ± 2.5% of Ur

Phase difference limit, PhaseDiff 5-75 degrees in steps of ± 2 degrees


1 degree
Energizing check:

Voltage level high, UHigh 70-100% of U1b in steps of 1% ± 2.5% of Ur

Voltage level low, ULow 10-80% of U1b in steps of 1% ± 2.5% of Ur

Energizing period, automatic reclos- 0.000-60.000 s in steps of 1 ms ± 0.5% ± 10 ms


ing, tAutoEnerg

Energizing period, manual closing,


0.000-60.000 s in steps of 1 ms ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
tManEnerg
Phase shift ϕline - ϕbus 0-360 degrees in steps of
1 degree
Voltage ratio Ubus/Uline 0.20-5.00 in steps of 0.01

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Synchrocheck:

Bus voltage frequency range limit ± 5 Hz from fr

Operate time 190 ms typically

Energizing check:

Operate time 80 ms typically

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Automatic reclosing open time:
shot 1 - t1 1ph 0.000-60.000 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
1 ms
shot 1 - t1 2ph 0.000-60.000 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
1 ms
shot 1 - t1 3ph 0.000-60.000 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
1 ms
shot 2 - t2 3ph 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
0.1 s
shot 3 - t3 3ph 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
0.1 s
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shot 4 - t4 3ph 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
0.1 s
Autorecloser maximum wait time for 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
sync, tSync 0.1 s
Duration of close pulse to circuit 0.000-60.000 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
breaker tPulse 1 ms
Reclaim time, tReclaim 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
0.1 s
Inhibit reset time, tInhibit 0.000-60.000 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
1 ms
Maximum trip pulse duration, tTrip 0.000-60.000 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
(longer trip pulse durations will either 1 ms
extend the dead time or interrupt the
reclosing sequence)
Maximum wait time for release from 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
Master, tWaitForMaster 0.1 s
Maximum wait time between shots, tAu- 0.000-60.000 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
toWait 1 ms
Time delay before indicating reclosing 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
unsuccessful, tUnsuc 0.1 s
Time CB must be closed before AR 0.000-60.000 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
becomes ready for a reclosing cycle, 1 ms
tCBClosed

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Reclosing shots 1-4
Programs Three pole trip: 1
Single, two and three pole trip: 6
Number of autoreclosers Up to six depending on terminal type
(different terminal types support dif-
ferent CB arrangements and numbers
of bays)
Breaker closed before start 5s

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Setting for the minimum trip 0.000 - 60.000 s in steps of ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
pulse length, tTripMin 1 ms

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Auxiliary-contact-based (0.000-60.000) s in steps of ± 0.5 % ±10 ms
function - time delay 1 ms
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Time interval between auto- 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of 0.1 s ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
matic starts of testing cycle,
tStart
Time interval available for 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of 0.1 s ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
test of the external function
to be registered as suc-
cessful, tWait
Minimum time interval 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of 0.1 s ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
required before repeated
test of the external function,
tCh
Duration of CS output sig- 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of 0.1 s ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
nal, tCS
Duration of CHOK output 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of 0.1 s ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
signal, tChOK
Duration of inhibit condition 0.0-90000.0 s in steps of 0.1 s ± 0.5% ± 10 ms
extension after the BLOCK
input signal resets, tInh

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Counter value 0-10000
Max. count up speed 10 pulses/s

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Pre-fault time, tPre 50-300 ms in steps of 10 ms
Post-fault time, tPost 100-5000 ms in steps of 100 ms
Limit time, tLim 500-6000 ms in steps of 100 ms
Number of recorded disturbances Max. 10

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Overcurrent triggering 0-5000% of Inb in
steps of 1%
Undercurrent triggering 0-200% of Inb in
steps of 1%
Overvoltage triggering 0-200% of Unb in
steps of 1% at 100 V
sec.
Undervoltage triggering 0-110% of Unb in
steps of 1%
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Number of binary signals 48
Number of analog signals 10
Sampling rate 2 kHz
Recording bandwidth 5-250 Hz
Total recording time with ten analog and 48 binary signals recorded. 40 s typically
(The amount of harmonics can affect the maximum storage time)
Voltage channels Dynamic range (0.01-2.00) x Ur at
100/200 V sec.
Resolution 0.1% of Ur
Accuracy at rated U ≤ Ur ± 2.5% of Ur
frequency U > Ur ± 2.5% of U
Current channels Dynamic range Without DC off- (0.01-110.00) × Ir
set
With full DC off- (0.01-60.00) × Ir
set
Resolution 0.5 % of Ir
Accuracy at rated I ≤ Ir ± 2.5 % of Ir
frequency I > Ir ± 2.5 % of I

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Event buffering capacity Max. number of events/disturbance report 150
Max. number of disturbance reports 10

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Distance to fault Reach for Ir Resistive direc- (0 - 1500) ohm/ ± 2.5 % (typical)
locator =1 A tion phase
Reactive direc- (0 - 1500) ohm/ ± 2.5 % (typical)
tion phase
Phase selection According to
input signals

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Frequency (0.95 - 1.05) x fr ± 0.2 Hz
Voltage (RMS) Ph-Ph (0.1 - 1.5) x Ur ± 2.5% of Ur, at U≤ Ur

± 2.5% of U, at U> Ur
Current (RMS) (0.2 - 4) x Ir ± 2.5% of Ir, at I≤ Ir

± 2.5% of I, at I> Ir
Active power*) at |cos ϕ| ≥ 0.9 ± 5.0%
Reactive power*) at |cos ϕ| ≤ 0.8 ± 7.5%
*) Measured at Ur and 20% of Ir
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mA measuring function ± 5, ± 10, +± 20 mA 0-5, ± 0.1 % of set value ± 0.005 mA
0-10, 0-20, 4-20 mA
Max current of transducer (-25.00 to +25.00) mA in steps
to input, I_Max of 0.01
Min current of transducer (-25.00 to +25.00) mA in steps
to input, I_Min of 0.01
High alarm level for input, (-25.00 to +25.00) mA in steps
HiAlarm of 0.01
High warning level for (-25.00 to +25.00) mA in steps
input, HiWarn of 0.01
Low warning level for (-25.00 to +25.00) mA in steps
input, LowWarn of 0.01
Low alarm level for input, (-25.00 to +25.00) mA in steps
LowAlarm of 0.01
Alarm hysteresis for input, (0-20) mA in steps of 1
Hysteresis
Amplitude dead band for (0-20) mA in steps of 1
input, DeadBand
Integrating dead band for (0.00-1000.00) mA in steps of
input, IDeadB 0.01

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Frequency (0.95 - 1.05) x fr ± 0.2 Hz
Voltage (RMS) Ph-Ph (0.8 - 1.2) x Ur ± 0.25% of Ur, at U≤ Ur

± 0.25% of U, at U> Ur
Current (RMS) (0.2 - 2) x Ir ± 0.25% of Ir, at I≤ Ir

± 0.25% of I, at I> Ir
Active power 0.8 x Ur < U < 1.2 x Ur ± 0.5% of Sr at S ≤Sr

0.2 x Ir < I < 2 x Ir ± 0.5% of S at S > Sr

Reactive power 0.8 x Ur < U < 1.2 x Ur ± 0.5% of Sr at S ≤Sr

0.2 x Ir < I < 2 x Ir ± 0.5% of S at S >Sr

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Input frequency See Binary Input Module (BIM) -
Cycle time for pulse 30 s, 1 min, 1 min 30 s, 2 min, 2 min 30 ± 0,1% of set value
counter s, 3 min, 4 min, 5 min, 6 min, 7 min 30s,
10 min, 12 min, 15 min, 20 min, 30 min,
60 min
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Protocol SPA
Communication speed 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200 or 38400 Bd
Slave number 1 to 899
Remote change of active group allowed yes/no
Remote change of settings allowed yes/no
Connectors and optical fibres glass or plastic

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Protocol LON
Communication speed 1.25 Mbit/s
Connectors and optical fibres glass or plastic

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Protocol IEC 60870-5-103
Communication speed 9600, 19200 Bd
Connectors and optical fibres glass or plastic

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Cable connector ST connector HFBR, Snap-in connector
Fibre diameter 62.5/125 µm 1 mm

50/125 µm
Max. cable length 1000 m 25 m

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Cable connector Phoenix, MSTB 2.5/6-ST-5.08 1757051
Cable dimension SSTP according to EIA Standard RS485
Max. cable length 100 m

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Cable connector ST-connector HFBR, Snap-in connector
Fibre diameter 62.5/125 µm 1 mm

50/125 µm
Max. cable length 1000 m 25 m
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V.36/V11 Co-directional (on request) ITU (CCITT) D-sub 25 pins
V.36/V11 Contra-directional ITU (CCITT) D-sub 25 pins
X.21/X27 ITU (CCITT) D-sub 15 pins
RS 530/RS422 Co-directional (on request) EIA D-sub 25 pins
RS 530/RS422 Contra-directional EIA D-sub 25 pins
G.703 Co-directional ITU (CCITT) Screw
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Data transmission synchronous, full duplex
Transmission type 56 or 64 kbit/s

For G703 only 64 kbit/s

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Data transmission Synchronous, full duplex
Transmission rate 64 kbit/s (256 kBaud; code transparent)
Clock source Internal or derived from received signal
Range < 3 km
Line interface Balanced symmetrical three-state current loop (4 wires)
Connector 5-pin connector with screw connection
Insulation 2,5 kV 1 min. Opto couplers and insulating DC/DC-converter
15 kV with additional insulating transformer

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Type of fibre Graded-index multimode 50/ Single mode 9/125 µm
125µm or 62,5/125µm
Wave length 1300 nm 1300 nm
Optical transmitter LED LED

injected power -17 dBm -22 dBm


Optical receiver PIN diode PIN diode

sensitivity -38 dBm -38 dBm


Optical budget 21 dB 16 dB
Transmission distance typical 15-20 km a) typical 40-60 km a)
Optical connector Type FC-PC Type FC-PC
Protocol ABB specific ABB specific
Data transmission Synchronous, full duplex Synchronous, full duplex
Transmission rate 64 kbit/s 64 kbit/s
Clock source Internal or derived from Internal or derived from
received signal received signal
a)
depending on optical budget calculation
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Data transmission Synchronous, full duplex
Transmission rate 64 kbit/s
Clock source Internal or derived from received signal
Optical fibre Graded-index multimode 50/125µm or 62,5/125µm
Wave length 850 nm
Optical connectors ST
Optical budget 15 dB
Transmission distance typically 3-5 km a)
Protocol FIBERDATA specific
Optical connector Type ST
a) depending on optical budget calculation

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Binary inputs BIM: 16, IOM: 8, PSM: 4
Debounce frequency 5 Hz (BIM), 1 Hz (IOM)
Oscillating signal discrimi- Blocking and release settable between 1-40 Hz
nator.*
Binary input voltage RL 24/30 VDC 48/60 VDC 110/125 VDC 220/250 VDC

+/-20% +/-20% +/-20% +/-20%


Power dissipation (max.) 0.05 W/input 0.1 W/input 0.2 W/input 0.4 W/input
*) Only available for BIM

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Binary outputs BOM: 24, IOM: 10, IOM: 2
PSM: 4
Max system voltage 250 V AC, DC 250 V AC, DC
Test voltage across open contact, 1 min 1000 V rms 800 V DC
Current carrying Continuous 8A 8A
capacity 1s 10 A 10 A
Making capacity at 0.2 s 30 A 0.4 A
inductive load with 1.0 s 10 A 0.4 A
L/R>10 ms
Breaking capacity for AC, cos ϕ>0.4 250 V/8.0 A 250 V/8.0 A
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Breaking capacity for DC with L/R<40ms 48 V/1 A 48 V/1 A
110 V/0.4 A 110 V/0.4 A
220 V/0.2 A 220 V/0.2 A
250 V/0.15 A 250 V/0.15 A

Maximum capacitive load - 10 nF


Power consumption for each output relay ≤ 0.15 W

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mA input input range ± 20 mA -
module input resistance Rin = 194 -
ohm
power consumption each mA-module ≤4W -
each mA-input ≤ 0.1 W -

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Ambient temperature, mA-input ± 20 mA -10°C to +55°C 0.02% / °C
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Carefully read and follow the set of rules to ensure problem-free order management. Be aware
that certain functions can only be ordered in combination with other functions and that some
functions require specific hardware selections.

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Basic REx 5xx platform and common functions housed in selected casing

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Operator’s manual (English)
Installation and commissioning manual (English)
Technical reference manual (English)
Application manual (English)

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Binary I/O resided on power supply module 360

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A/D module $'0
Transformer module 750

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Automatic switch onto fault logic 627)

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Instantaneous non-directional phase overcurrent protection ,2&SK
Definite time non-directional phase overcurrent protection 72&SK
Definite time non-directional residual overcurrent protection (72&U
Two step time delayed directional phase overcurrent protection 72&
Four step time delayed directional residual overcurrent protection ()
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Dead line detection '/'
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WLRQV

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Fuse failure supervision, Negative sequence )86(QV
Fuse failure supervision, Zero sequence )86(]V
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Autorecloser - 3-phase, single circuit breaker $5

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Three pole tripping logic 75

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Event recorder (5
Trip value recorder 795
Supervision of AC input quantities '$
Supervision of mA input quantities 0, (Requires optional mA-transducer module, 0,0)

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REL 505 Quantity: 1MRK 002 411-AA

Default:
The terminal is delivered without loaded configuration.

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Option:
Customer specific configuration On request

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Engergizing quantities for binary inputs on 24-30 V 1MRK 002 238-AA
power supply module 360 48-60 V 1MRK 002 238-BA
110-125 V 1MRK 002 238-CA
220-250 V 1MRK 002 238-DA

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Add measuring capabilities by selecting input energizing options from the following tables.

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Rated measuring input energizing quantities 1 A, 110 V 1MRK 000 157-MB
750
1 A, 220 V 1MRK 000 157-VB
5 A, 110 V 1MRK 000 157-NB
5 A, 220 V 1MRK 000 157-WB
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Additional configurable logic blocks &/ 1MRK 001 457-MA
Communication channel test logic &&+7 1MRK 001 459-NA

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Six event counters &1 1MRK 001 445-CA

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2nd HMI language, russian +0,UX Russian 1MRK 001 459-BA
2nd HMI language, french +0,IU French 1MRK 001 459-CA
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Binary input module %,0 16 inputs
RL24-30 VDC Quantity: 1MRK 000 508-DB
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RL110-125 VDC Quantity: 1MRK 000 508-BB
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Binary input module with enhanced pulse counting capabilities for the pulse counter logic for
metering %,0S 16 inputs

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Binary output module 24 output relays %20 Quantity: 1MRK 000 614-AB

Binary input/output module ,20 8 inputs, 10 outputs, 2 high-speed outputs


RL24-30 VDC Quantity: 1MRK 000 173-GB
RL48-60 VDC Quantity: 1MRK 000 173-AC
RL110-125 VDC Quantity: 1MRK 000 173-BC
RL220-250 VDC Quantity: 1MRK 000 173-CC

mA input module 6 channels 0,0 Quantity: 1MRK 000 284-AB

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Co-directional V.36 galvanic module '&09FR On request

Contra-directional V.36 galvanic module '&09FRQWUD 1MRK 000 185-BA


X.21 galvanic module '&0; 1MRK 000 185-CA
Co-directional RS530 galvanic module '&056FR On request
Contra-directional RS530 galvanic module '&0 1MRK 000 185-EA
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Fibre optical module '&0)20 1MRK 000 195-AA
Short range galvanic module '&06*0 1MRK 001 370-AA
Short range fibre optical module '&06)20 1MRK 001 370-DA
Co-directional G.703 galvanic module '&0* 1MRK 001 370-CA
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SPA/IEC 60870-5-103 interface 63$,(&SO Plastic fibres 1MRK 000 168-FA
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LON interface 63$,(&/21JO Glass fibres 1MRK 000 168-DA
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Test switch module RTXP 24 in RHGS6 case Quantity: 1MRK 000 371-CA
With internal earthing RK 926 215-BB
With external earthing RK 926 215-BC
On/off switch for the DC-supply 2QRIIVZLWFK Quantity: RK 795 017-AA

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19” rack mounting kit ´UDFN 1MRK 000 020-BR
Wall mounting kit :DOO 1MRK 000 020-DA
Flush mounting kit )OXVK 1MRK 000 020-Y
Semiflush mounting kit 6HPLIOXVK 1MRK 000 020-BS
Additional seal for IP54 protection of flush and semiflush mounted 1MKC 980 001-2
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Cover for rear area including fixing
screws and assembly instruction 6U, 3/4 x 19” Quantity: 1MRK 000 020-AB
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Side-by-side mounting kit 6LGHE\VLGH 1MRK 000 020-Z

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21-15X: Optical/electrical converter for short range Quantity: 1MRK 001 295-CA
fibre optical module V.36 (supply 48-110 VDC) 
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21-16X: Optical/electrical converter for short range Quantity: 1MRK 001 295-DA
fibre optical module X.21/G 703 (supply 48-110
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Key switch for restriction of settings via LCD-HMI Quantity: 1MRK 000 611-A
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Front connection cable between LCD-HMI and PC Quantity: 1MKC 950 001-2
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User documentation CD-ROM REx 5xx, RET Quantity:
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1MRK 002 270-AA

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Operator’s manual Quantity: 1MRK 506 216-UEN
Technical reference manual Quantity: 1MRK 506 217-UEN
Installation and commissioning manual Quantity: 1MRK 506 218-UEN
Application manual Quantity: 1MRK 506 219-UEN
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For our reference and statistics we would be pleased to be provided with the following applica-
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Accessories for REx 5xx 1MRK 514 009-BEN

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Substation Automation
SE-721 59 Västerås
Sweden
Telephone: +46 (0) 21 34 20 00
Facsimile: +46 (0) 21 14 69 18
Internet: www.abb.com/substationautomation