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DEGRADED

ENVIRONMENT

What?
Environmental degradation is the
deterioration of the environment
through depletion of resources such
causes
as air, water and soil; the destruction
of ecosystems and the extinction of
wildlife.
POPULATION
INCREASE

Due to

-rural urban
migration
-natural increase

Pressure on land Lead to Environmental degradation


Overuse resources- such as pollution,
cut down trees, deforestation,
overgrazing, over desertification, soil erosion,
farming etc etc

RURAL URBAN LAND POLLUTION


DECLINE DECLINE DEGRADED what

Degree of impairment of land utilization, Quality of the


or land potential, i.e. deteriorate of land
-Services/ environment is ruined/
(physical, chemical and biological
function Overcrowded in impaired, degraded,
-depopulated urban area due contaiminated in some
to rural urban Causes: way
-demographic-
migration-lead Natural and
old and young
to urban man-made
left behind TYPES
problems; (growing pop,
-hinder dev-
pollution, removal veg,
agricultural AIR POLLUTION
housing (shanty poor farming
growth decline WATER POLLUTION
town), increase method and
LAND POLLUTION
crime etc irrigation,
faulty mining
and extract
fossil fuel and -What?
transport & -causes
Water erosion, soil
dumping waste -how to overcome
erosion, leaching of soil, *Hand outs
desertification, -limitation of
solution 1
(case studies)
Degraded land
POLLUTION

AIR POLLUTION LAND POLLUTION WATER POLLUTION

Impact
sources * water issues

-breathing difficulty/astma
-kill plant & animals. -caused by waste
-deplete ozone disposal, mining,
-Acid rain quarrying and industrial
-Global warming accident.

 Acid rain: what, Agriculture:


How prevented Apply manure, fertilisers
 Global warming; & pesticides on land &
what, causes & disposal of slurry
consequences -pesticide leach into soil-
groundwater & channel-
stream
Air pollution in MEDC
and LEDCs.
PROBLEMS

Case studies:
- Air pollution India 1. ENVIRONMENTAL
-Accident at Nuclear HAZARD:
station -unsightful litter into
-Urban issues stream that contaiminated
-rural decline soil, air and water.

HOW TO DISPOSED?

c) Compost
a) Landfill-buried in ground. b) Burnt
Problem: take up land space- burn the rubbish in
full &…… incinerator
Where? Quarry, clay pit & problem: fumes released
gravel pit (best area) from incinerators
Gov. UK imposed tax to those Hydrochloric acid, … (air
who pollute at landfill site, 10 pollution)
pound per tonne & 2 pound- 2
INERT WASTE