REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Quezon City, Metro Manila

FIFTEENTH CONGRESS
First Regular Session

House Resolution No.359
Introduced by Kabataan Party-List Rep. Raymond V. Palatino A RESOLUTION COMMEMORATING THE 19th ANNIVERSARY OF THE PHILIPPINE SENATE’S REJECTION ON SEPTEMBER 16, 1991 OF A 10-YEAR BASES TREATY WITH THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND URGING GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS AND LEADERS TO RELIVE THE LESSONS OF THE HISTORIC SENATE VOTE BY REJECTING LOPSIDED FOREIGN MILITARY AGREEMENTS THAT ARE AN AFFRONT TO OUR NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY
WHEREAS, on 16 September 1991, a jubilant day for Philippine nationalism, the Senate of the Philippines, in a 12-11 vote, rejected a proposed bases treaty entitled “A Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Security” that would have given the United States of America another ten years to maintain one of its most strategic bases, the Subic Naval Base; WHEREAS, twelve senators, namely Senate President Jovito Salonga and Senators Agapito Aquino, Juan Ponce Enrile, Joseph Estrada, Teofisto Guingona Jr., Sotero Laurel, Ernesto Maceda, Orlando Mercado, Aquilino Pimentel Jr., Rene Saguisag, Victor Ziga and Wigberto Tañada introduced and supported Resolution No. 1259 of Non Concurrence to “A Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Security”, which paved the way for the approval of Senate Foreign Relations Committee Report No. 1422, recommending before the Senate plenary its non-concurrence with the 10-year bases treaty; WHEREAS, the foundation of and the moving force behind the Senate vote was the broad and unified people’s movement outside the Senate that persistently called for the rejection of the said bases treaty; WHEREAS, the power of the people demonstrated on September 16, 1991 became the last nail on the US military bases coffin, removing the last most visible vestiges of direct colonialism in the country and representing the desire of the Filipino people that the relationship of the Philippines with the United States should be based on

justice, fairness and a common adherence to basic human rights, and that the country should strive towards a policy of self-reliance and self-respect; WHEREAS, years after the Senate rejected the US military bases treaty, the signing of the Visiting Forces Agreement between the Philippines and the United States allowed American troops to enter Philippine soil again, undermining the triumphs of September 16, 1991 and ultimately, the desire and struggle of the Filipino people for national sovereignty; WHEREAS, on 21 November 2002, a Mutual Logistics Support Arrangement (MLSA) was entered into by the Philippine and American governments amidst protests that it allows the return of American military bases in the country without complying with the provisions of Section 25, Article XVIII of the Constitution, WHEREAS, the commemoration of September 16, 1991 should likewise serve as a challenge to the new government to relive and uphold the lessons and ideals of that triumphant day particularly by reviewing and scrapping these lopsided foreign MILITARY agreements and by always putting into consideration the preservation of national sovereignty in its policy and decision-making;

NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED, AS IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED, that the House of Representatives commemorate the 19th anniversary of the Philippine Senate’s rejection of the proposed 10-year bases agreement on September 16, 1991 and that the lessons and ideals of that historic day serve as a reminder to our leaders and policy-makers to always uphold national sovereignty above all and at all costs.

Adopted,

HON. RAYMOND V. PALATINO Representative, Kabataan Party-list

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