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Dept of Computer Science, Andhra Loyola College (Autonomous), Vijayawada

,
UGC SPONSORED NATIONAL SEMINAR ON “Information & Communication Technologies (ICTs) in making a
Healthy Information Society with special Reference to use of ICTs in Educational Technology”
th th
11 & 12 August 2014-IJDCST SPECIAL ISSUE, PAPER –ID: IJDCST-12
ISSN-2320-7884 (Online)
ISSN-2321-0257 (Print)

Teaching of Sanskrit and the use of ICT at Degree level
Dr. S. R. Ivaturi, Reader in Sanskrit, SRR. &CVR GOVT DEGREE COLLEGE, VIJAYAWADA
Dr. M.Sivaram, HOD, dept of Sanskrit, Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada

Today the use of Information and the destination becomes the source, and transmission
Communication Technology in classroom is is now from the other side. Moreover this
encouraged by one and all. On one hand the dissemination of knowledge is between humans and
government is allocating funds for proper planning not between machines. Hence one can’t tune all the
and implementation of the use of ICT, and on the recipients to the same pitch. Machines can be thus
other hand the stakeholders, mainly the teachers and manipulated, not humans. So while using the ICT in
the students at the institutional level, whether they be a classroom one has to take into consideration this
universities, colleges or schools, are eager to explore unique feature.
this new technique. Using models, maps, charts and
other teaching aids is not uncommon at least at Similarly, a technique or experiment which
school level. However, utilizing the latest technology succeeded in one place may not yield the same result
in a meaningful way to get the desired result certainly at other place. And this fact should be taken into
needs a careful study of the pros and cons before account by the authorities or the people who are
implementing it on a large scale. For, it is not as responsible for implementing these techniques. The
simple as office automation, where one simply does rural-urban, the high-low, the intelligent-dull-witted,
digitalize the records, and use computers in place of the hardworking-lazy etc. differences also do play
pen and paper--a transition from man to machine. their part to make this a complex situation. Still, these
shall not be deterrents for the use of any technology
The aim of teaching-learning process is aided innovative practices in the educational
transmission of knowledge. In a classroom the institutes.
teacher is the source wherefrom the student receives Sanskrit being a traditional subject, its
information. The means of communication between teaching involves mainly making the student byheart
these two is mainly words in the form of speech or the verses, aphorisms, verb forms etc. This is a time
writing. But this is a two way system unlike the tested method and is still followed in the traditional
transmission of say electricity or light which is one schools. In fact, this is how this great language
way, from the source to the destination. In a survived for many centuries, not even being required
classroom the teacher has not only to teach but also ever to take recourse to the written form. But things
to check whether the student has received what he changed a lot first with the written form, and later the
has taught. Thus here the response check at every print form getting more dominant as the power of the
step makes it different from other transmissions, as human brain to remember complex structures started

64 www.ijdcst.com

4. vaagarthavivasampriktau. used to be a different form. works on Sanskrit Grammar and in the Sanskrit As an example of the above technique let us Primers and Readers as an innovation in teaching consider a simple verse from the Raghuvamsa.ijdcst. lessons and introduce some grammar points and sampriktau = united …] or Arthaah move on to grammar texts later. online teaching 1. Anvayah--Prose-order teaching a lesson to his students. and of the European students who could not digest this oral subject matter on the other hand. to effectively communicate to the [Vaak+arthau+iva. playing of audio verse will have the following steps: and video clips. Arthaah--Word meanings [vaagarthaviva first. u …] There was a saying regarding scholarship in Sanskrit. the thing. Nowadays. Because. and start lessons later. is popularly known as the grammar part. The first part kau. [vaagarthavivasamprikataujagatahpitarau …] or Just as in case of other languages. while studying Now these four steps can be effectively the kavyas. PAPER –ID: IJDCST-12 ISSN-2320-7884 (Online) ISSN-2321-0257 (Print) to diminish. student. But the ICT method of lessons attempted by the modern authors in their teaching is very well suited for this technique.Dept of Computer Science. techniques evolved in the last century. and the Sanskrit syntax technique is followed rarely. Teach some grammar 3. Andhra Loyola College (Autonomous). then he necessary if Arthaas with grammar are taken up) will be considered a scholar. Specialized learning method also made a strong demand for the written of Grammar. And then the need to teach to the knowledge of the language on one hand. The second kidrisau. Now the teacher has ye / to step away from the blackboard and step into a Jagatahpitarauvandepaarvatiparameswarau // smart classroom that provides for computer lessons The traditional explanation of the above such as powerpoint presentations. UGC SPONSORED NATIONAL SEMINAR ON “Information & Communication Technologies (ICTs) in making a Healthy Information Society with special Reference to use of ICTs in Educational Technology” th th 11 & 12 August 2014-IJDCST SPECIAL ISSUE. In traditional with grammar Sanskrit teaching after some basic grammar teaching. Teaching the literature. sampriktau. [vande. And let us see how best a Sanskrit teacher vaak+arthapratipattaye…] can use these techniques in a classroom while 2. And surely Vaagarthavivasampriktauvaagarthapratipatta these have done their job well. the student will study the relevant presented through powerpoint slides as shown below: grammar also. Thus he will get adequate working Slide 1: Sloka 65 www. There are many punahkidrisau…] ways in teaching a language.com . parvatiparameswarau. Vijayawada. language and 2. Or start with simple = like word and its meaning. teaching Dandanvayah--Prose-order connecting Sanskrit consists of two parts: 1. web browsing. We must consider the noun and verb tables. Chandas etc. [vaakcaarthahcavaagarthasabdartha the lesson and grammar are simultaneously taught. Teaching the the words with queries. Vyakaranam--Grammar (This is not If someone has studied the five great kavyas. Padacchedah--Word division methods etc. part is known as the lesson part. this language and literature Sabdasand the Dhatus.

by moving to the reference slides or web pages.. they can be named as 5.etc.2. 4. The voice and video clips can be effectively used while teaching a drama. and they can be named as 4.etc. the students can listen to a musical presentation of the verse. Each teacher can evolve his own method to prepare the slides. Andhra Loyola College (Autonomous). Now the best part comes.ijdcst. Dhatu and Samasa.com .. will be very useful in clearly presenting the concept to the students. Thus a Sanskrit teacher can effectively implement ICT methods in teaching Sanskrit.x: Vyakaranam. 5. sutras and explanations of grammar points etc. Question slides or quiz slides can be appended at the end of the lesson to test the students. and we can present commentaries.1. UGC SPONSORED NATIONAL SEMINAR ON “Information & Communication Technologies (ICTs) in making a Healthy Information Society with special Reference to use of ICTs in Educational Technology” th th 11 & 12 August 2014-IJDCST SPECIAL ISSUE. audio clips etc.x: Sloka with Artha or Sloka with Padaccheda. Dhatu and Samasa also these slides.. A number of slides may be required. Sabda. Here also if there are more than one slide.Dept of Computer Science. While teaching the grammar portion containing the Sandhi. 66 www. Add links and action buttons to the slides. PAPER –ID: IJDCST-12 ISSN-2320-7884 (Online) ISSN-2321-0257 (Print) Slide 2: Sloka with Padaccheda Slide 3: Sloka with Anvaya or Sloka with Padaccheda and Anvaya Slide 4. By inserting an audio clip of the rendition of the sloka. Sabda. Or the Vyakarana part can be subdivided into Sandhi.1. ppts. Hyperlinks allow us to open a web page containing further reading material from any slide. Vijayawada. Anvaya and Artha. Slide 5.2….

UGC SPONSORED NATIONAL SEMINAR ON “Information & Communication Technologies (ICTs) in making a Healthy Information Society with special Reference to use of ICTs in Educational Technology” th th 11 & 12 August 2014-IJDCST SPECIAL ISSUE. PAPER –ID: IJDCST-12 ISSN-2320-7884 (Online) ISSN-2321-0257 (Print) 67 www. Andhra Loyola College (Autonomous).Dept of Computer Science.ijdcst. Vijayawada.com .

Andhra Loyola College (Autonomous). Vijayawada.ijdcst. PAPER –ID: IJDCST-12 ISSN-2320-7884 (Online) ISSN-2321-0257 (Print) 68 www. UGC SPONSORED NATIONAL SEMINAR ON “Information & Communication Technologies (ICTs) in making a Healthy Information Society with special Reference to use of ICTs in Educational Technology” th th 11 & 12 August 2014-IJDCST SPECIAL ISSUE.com .Dept of Computer Science.

UGC SPONSORED NATIONAL SEMINAR ON “Information & Communication Technologies (ICTs) in making a Healthy Information Society with special Reference to use of ICTs in Educational Technology” th th 11 & 12 August 2014-IJDCST SPECIAL ISSUE.Dept of Computer Science. PAPER –ID: IJDCST-12 ISSN-2320-7884 (Online) ISSN-2321-0257 (Print) 69 www.com . Vijayawada.ijdcst. Andhra Loyola College (Autonomous).