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C O U R S E B O O K

Virginia Evans -Jenny Dooley

J;JJU ~
Express Publishing
C O U R S E B O O K

Beginner

Virg1nla Evans - Jenny Dooley

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Express Publishing
READING

UNIT1 a - an; the verb to be countries & nationalitles; introducing people


HII (pp. 6 - 11) ordinal/cardinal numbers; jobs

UNIT2 the verb have (got); the verb can people's appearances; Internet advertisements for
A Friend In Need... (pp. 12 - 17) (ability, polite requests) abilities; colours pen-friends; Culture Point -
people around the world

.., UNIT3 there is/there are; this/these - that/those; houses/homes: furniture & advertisements for houses; Culture
Home Sweet Home (pp. 18 - 23) plurals (-s, -es): prepositions of place appliances Point - houses around the world
. (in front of, in, on, next to, behind, under)
STORY 1: THE LOCH NESS MONSTER - EPISODE 1: THE ACCIDENT (pp. 24 · 25)

UNIT 4 possessive case; possessive adjectives/ family relationships; free-time letters to pen-friends
Like Father, like Son (pp. 26 - 31) pronouns; whose/who's: present simple activities; days of the week

MODULE SELF-ASSESSMENT 1 - UNITS 1, 2, 3, 4 (pp. 32 · 33)


UNff 5 adverbs of frequency; prepositions of daily routines; telling the time: article about a person's daily routine;
An Early Bird or a Night Owl? time (at, in, on) months; pros/cons of jobs Culture Point - opening hours
(pp. 34 - 39) in Holland

UNIT& question words; irregular nouns describing animals; colours; facts about animals
Birds of a Feather (pp. 40 - 45) sizes

:) STORY 1 : THE LOCH NESS MONSTER - EPISODE 2: THE WRONG PHOTOGRAPH (pp, 46 . 47)
0
c UNIT7 present continuous; weather conditions/climate: postcards to friends while on holiday;
Come Rain or Shine (pp. 48 · 53) present continuous vs present simple clothes Culture Point - weather in
various countries

UNITS plurals; countable/uncountable nouns; types of food/drinks; meals; advertisement for a restaurant;
Enjoy your Meal (pp. 54 - 59) a/an/some ; how much/how many; a few/ restaurants Culture Point - eating habits
a little; some/any in various countries
MODULE SELF•ASSESSMENT 2 - UNITS 5, 6 , 7 , 8 {pp. 60 • 61}

UNIT9 was/were, had, could; prepositions of place places/buildings in a town; article about a place then and now;
nmes Change... (pp. 62 - 67) (in front of, opposite, next to, on, between, etc) giving directions: abilities Culture Point - life in ancient Rome
STORY 2: THE EXPEDITION - EPISODE 1: THE WATERFALL (pp. 68• 69)

UNIT 10 past simple; asking questions famous people and their Diana Spencer (biography)
The Price of Fame (pp. 70 - 75) achievements: full dates Backstreet Boys

UNIT 11 past simple; joining sentences; feelings & reactions; a story; Culture Point - a
AD's Well that Ends Well prepositions of movement; adjectives/ danger & emergencies folk tale from Holland
(pp. 76 • 81) adverbs

UNIT 12 comparisons; quite, too, very, much towns/cities: article a.b out LA; Culture Point -
See New Places, Meet New transport; holidays Stratford-upon-Avon
Faces (pp. 82 - 87)

STORY 2: THE EXPEDITION - EPISODE 2: THE JIVARO INDIANS (pp, 88 · 89)


MODULE SELF-ASSESSMENT 3 - UNITS 9 , 10, 11, 12 (pp. 90 , 91)

UNIT 13 be going to; will; present continuous future plans/intentions; letter to a friend about
Time will Tell (pp. 92 - 97) (future meaning): it/there will be arrangements; future predictions summer plans; horoscopes

UNIT 14 should/shouldn't (advice), must (obligation), the environment; health tips; leaflet giving advice on how to
:, Dos and Don'ts (pp. 98 - 103) mustn't {prohibition), can {giving permission), house rules/school rules protect the environment; Culture
g
can't (refusing permission) Point - tips for travellers

UNIT 15 present perfect; revision of all tenses holidays/sightseeing; letter to a friend; Culture Point -
Take a Break (pp. 104 - 109) describing a city tipping in America

STORY 3 : STRANGE VISITORS (pp. 110 · 113)


MODULE SELF-ASSESSMENT 4 - UNITS 13, 14, 15 (pp, 114 · 115)
IRREGULAR VERBS {p, 116)
PHOTO FILE SECTION
CULTURE CLIPS (pp. 153 • 163)
2 AMERICAN ENGLISH-BRITISH ENGLISH GUIDE (pp. 164. 166)
WRITING

asking for personal information; talking about landmarks: introducing people Project - famous landmarks;
Pronunciation - names of countries and capitals introducing ourselves and other people

r::idio rrogramme ;ihout missing peoplP.; grP.P.ti11gs; saying gonrlbye ProjP.r.t - de$r.riptio11s of people;
describing peopte; spelling; Pronunciation - Jc/, /1/ an Internet advertisement for a pen-friend

describing a house/flat; talking to an estate agent; asking for and giving addresses Project - letter to a friend describ ing your house
Pronunciation - /o:/ , /re/ and phone numbers and room;
advertisements for a house/flat to rent

days you like/hate; talking about a person; identifying people Project - family tree;
Pronunciation - Isl, Jz/. /1z/ a letter to a pen-friend

daily routine; interviewing a celebrity; telling the time Project - opening hours in your country;
Pronunciation - /8/, /o/ article about a celebrity's daily routine

identifying animals through sounds; describing asking about pets Project - descriptions of animals;
animals; quiz about animals; Pronunciation - /f./. /::;J facts about animals

identifying actions through sounds; fashion show - buying clothes Project - different seasons in your country;
describing clothes, making comments on clothes; a postcard to a friend
Pronunciation - In/, /TJI

offering; ordering food at a restauranV ordering food ; Project - article about eating habits in Britain ;
fast food restaurant; Pronunciation - /sf, fzf, /1z/ accepting/refusing offers advertisement for a restaurant

talking about changes in a place; talking about past g iving directions; Project - what you were like at the age of seven;
abilities; Pronunciation - /s/, /J/ asking for information a "then-and-now" article

painters and paintings/COIJlposers and music; asking personal questions about Project - biography of Mozart;
Vivaldi 's life; Pronunciation - /t/, /di, /Id/ the recent past biography of Vivaldi

sequence of events; tellilig a story; reporting emergencies Project - beginning/ending for a story;
Pronunciation - //\/, /o/ a story about a fire

geography quiz; deciding on a hotel; making comments; Project - description of your town;
Pronunciatron - /tj/, /<t,/ making suggestions article describing Antwerp

tomorrow's weather forecast; asking for personal accepting/refusing invitations Project - next week's horoscopes;
information; Pronunciation - /h/ pronounced or silent letter to a friend about your futu re plans

advice about healthy Jiving; house rules, school rules; giving advice; Project - letter g iving advice;
Pronunciation - /r/ pronounced or silent g iving/refusing permission; leaflet g iving advice to people at the beach
expressing obligation/prohibition

telephone conversation; meeting a friend abroad; making a reservation; Project - letter to a friend; letter to a friend from
identifying correct responses; Pronunciation - If/, /tf/ inviting sb o ut; buying souvenirs a holiday destination reporting your experiences

3
Enterprise 1 Beginner is a complete course for students study- relatively unsimplified language to cater for language acqui-
ing English at beginner level. It provides them with extensive, sition. The listening tasks improve students' listening skills
systematic and well-integrated practice in the productive and while preparing them for the reading tasks, which involve
receptive skills necessary for successful communication in such skills as scanning for information, selecting relevant
both oral and written forms of the language. sections of texts and so on.
The course embodies a multi-syllabus approach and a wide • Pronunciation activities help students to recognise sounds
variety of presentation methodology. Traditional emphasis on and reproduce them correctly. Intonation is regularly
systematic learning of grammar and vocabulary is balanced with modelled and practised in numerous dialogues throughout
practice in communicative language use, the methodical each unit. All pronunciation exercises are on the cassettes
development of linguistic sub-skills, and attention to details of accompanying the coursebook.
spelling and pronunciation. Graded, structured material which
facilitates learning is balanced with more authentic, unsimplified • Communication sections provide varied practice involving
material which encourages language acquisition. Controlled meaningful exchanges which resemble real-life
practice leads from the initial learning of language items to communication , and include language functions (i.e.
genuinely communicative and creative activities. offering, suggesting, etc.), the standard expressions
associated with communicative situations (i.e. ordering a
The course consists of fifteen units in four modules and a variety meal , travel arrangements, etc.) , and sociolinguistic
of supplementary material, including a workbook. In total, features such as the polite expressions appropriate to
Enterprise 1 Beginner may be covered in 70-75 teaching hours. "friendly" or formal social contexts.
Each unit ensures coverage of a core of common, useful lan-
• Writing sections provide more extensive practice and
guage related to topics of general interest with which students
consolidation of new language items. Writing tasks are
need to be familiar. The units follow the same basic structure,
thoroughly prepared beforehand, following guided practice
outlined below:
of the language to be used, and based on the model
• Lead-in sections draw on the students' knowledge of the provided by the initial reading text. Additionally, a listening
given topic while previewing the new items of vocabulary activity ingeniously provides the information and plan to be
and grammar to be learnt in the unit. The section ends with followed, ensuring systematic, controlled development of
a listening activity, requiring students to listen to a recording writing skills. All wri ting activities are based on realistic
of the reading text and complete a task, such as checking types and styles of writing task, such as letters,
information, multiple matching and so on. This prepares descriptions, stories, articles and so on.
students for the reading text which follows, by familiarising
them with the gist of the passage.
• Module Self-Assessment sections after every fourth unit
reinforce the students' understanding of the topics, vocab-
• Reading sections consist of 50- to 150-word texts on factu- ulary and structures presented in the previous units. The
al topics, reflecting authentic types and styles of writing. material has been designed to help students learn new lan-
These texts allow students to develop sub-skills such as guage in the context of what they have already mastered,
reading for gist or for specific information, and present new rather than in isolation.
vocabulary in a meaningful context.
• Three entertaining adventure stories in a 'comic strip'
• Language Development sections formally present new format, presented in two episodes each, invite students to
vocabulary and grammar items, and practise them in a read for enjoyment and provide invaluable consolidation by
stimulating and balanced variety of tasks. These include means of an alternative approach.
listening and speaking activities to ensure the integrated
development of skills, and incorporate the teaching of
• Culture Clips
notions such as sequence, purpose and so on . The coursebook is accompanied by:
• Vocabulary sections practise and extend the vocabulary a) an easy-to-use Teacher's Book with full answers to the
introduced in the reading text, through various types of exercises in the Student's Book, useful suggestions for
exercises. A particular feature of the book is the teaching presenting and conducting the exercises, and four tests
of collocations, helping students to remember (each in two different versions) ;
vocabulary items as parts of set expressions. b) Class audio cassettes or audio CDs containing all lis-
• Grammar sections present grammar items clearly and tening activities, and Student's audio cassettes or
concisely, and reinforce students' understanding of these audio CDs;
through grammar exercises. A range of activities then c) Enterprise Beginner Workbook in which students can
provide controlled practice leading to free use of the revise, consolidate and extend their language learning
grammar items in genuine language tasks. through a variety of engaging tasks.
d} Enterprise Beginner Test Booklet containing nine write-
• Reading and Listening sections deal with meaningful texts
in tests, a Mid-term test and an Exit test, which aim to
on authentic, cross-cultural topics. These texts exploit the
intrinsic interest of the subject matter as well as providing assess students' progress throughout the course.
5
•••••••••••••••••••••

...._ Read, hsten b

\J '
f l~

I
I • people; countries;
,______ .
I
I nationalities; landmarks
• jobs

Jl J' I) l:-3 J) cJ
lI) J\fss cJl

• people's
facial features
• colours
• abilities
odule
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Units 1 .. 4
__ ut . fJtCJ
1 J 0y
Le
• introduce people
_y /VS 8 "; ~~ fb uil 9 ~ • greet; say goodbye
• ask for and give adresses
& phone numbers
• identify people
...._ Pr l't

• a-an/plurals
• to be/have (got)/can
• this/these - that/those
• there is/there are
• possessive adjectives/ pronouns
• possessive case
• prepositions of place
• present simple

• houses around the world & their


special features
• furniture & appliances

• families & relationships


• likes & dislikes
Hello! I'm Fergus and I'm from Edinburgh, Scotland.
I'm forty years old. I'm a musician. I'm not married. My
favourite sport is golf.
2 Th is is Diego and this is Marco. They're friends and
they're from Brazil. Diego is thirty-five years old and
Marco is twenty-seven years old. They are farmers.
Diego's favouri te sport is football and Marco's favourite
sport is basketball .
This is Carlos and this is Rosa. They're friends and
they're from Spain. Carlos is twenty-two years old and
Rosa is twenty years old. They are dancers. His favou rite
sport is football and her favou rite sport is tennis.
I'm a ............... . 4 Hi there! I'm Ueeno from New Delhi. It's in India. I'm
twelve years old and I'm a student at an English
boarding-school in Manchester. My favourite sport
is volleyball .

6
.,
HI.

• Speakrnq Im Write the missing numbers as words, then


7 listen and repeat.
a) Look at the short texts, then ask and answer
questions, as in the example. 20 twenty 69 ····················
21 ...twemr-011e ... 70 seventy
SJ: JJ7zere's Ferg11sfrom ? 30 thirty 76 ....................
S:!: He '.s J;wn Edinhwgh. Scorlaml. 34 .................... 80 eighty
How old is he and what's hiS"j ob? 40 forty 87 ....................
S3: He '.s- .{orly wul lte ~" a musician. 45 ................... . 90 ninety
JJ 7wr 's /11:\'jal'ourite sport? 50 fifty 98 ................... .
S./.: Hisji11·011ri,e spur/ is golf 100 one hundred
52 ··············· ·····
60 sixty 200 two hundred
b) Read the text5. Copy and complete the table.
Look at your notes and talk about each person,
as in the example. 8 Fill in the gaps with words from the list, then
make sentences, as in the example.
Origin Age__, Job Favourite Sport Brazil. Mexico City. Argentina, Japanese, Greek,
Fergus Edinburgh. f ony m11~idan go~l Spain. Finland, American, Canada, Turkey
Sco1/a11d I
Paolo is Bm:ilitm. !-le :\".fi-mn B1m"ilia. Bm;:i/.
Diego
---t •
I

; •-
I

Marco

Carlos
--

-· •
!-
• Paolo Brazilian Brasilia Bra;:i/
Rosa

Veena
i.
I
•• ...
C Pablo Spanish Madrid

Fergus is jivm Edi11h11rgh. Scotland He :\ forty yrars ~ Jason Canadian Ottawa


old a11d he:., a mmicia11. I /is j,11·cmri1e ~pun is gulj:

Language De\'elopment
_!.j 1to Tokyo Japan

__:_j rhomas Argentinian Buenos Aires

ml Match the cardinal numbers to the ordinal


5 numbers, then listen and check. Listen again and
~ Mike Washington
DC
the USA

repeat.
(1) one l second (2adJ (7) seven eleventh (11th)
~ Costas Athens Greece
(2) two fourth (4th) (8) eight ninth (9th)
(3) th ree sixth (6th) (9) nine twelfth (12th)
(4) four first (1st) (10) ten seventh (7th)
~ Hans Finnish Helsinki
(5) five third (3rd) (11) eleven eighth (8th}
(6) six fifth (5th) (1 2) twelve

Im Write the numbers, then listen and repeat.


tenth (10th)

W Rico Mexican Mexico

thirteen .13 . fifteen ........ seventeen .. nineteen ... . Ali Turkish Ankara
fourteen .... . sixteen ....... eighteen .... twenty ........

7
H·II. .
.
' . . .-
Look at the pictures and fill in the capital of
each country. Then, ask and answer questions,
as in the example.

Moscow, Cairo, Warsaw. Rome.


Budapest, Beijing. Paris

S 7: JJ'lum· iv ( aim'!
S]: 111 l:;',."q>t. It \ the wpital r?f Li;.11>1

[~litLm.::.lt\'.\.:'. L(~~ .::.U\: ~ Am I ... ? Yes, I am. / No, I'm not.


Are you .. . ? Yes, you are. / No, you aren't.
Full form Short form ~, II
"11 ~ - f-
Is he ... ?
Is she .. .?
Yes, he is. / No, he isn't.
Yes, she is. / No, she isn't.
lam I'm I am not I'm not Is it ... ? Yes, it is. / No, it isn't.
you are you're you are not you aren't Are we ... ? Yes, we are. / No, we aren 't.
he is he's he is not he isn't Are you ... ? Yes, you are. I No, you aren't.
she is she's she is not she isn't Are they ... ? Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.
it is it's it is not it isn't
we are we' re we are not we aren 't Are you from Spain? No, I'm not.
you are you 're you are not you aren't
they are they're they are not they aren't
Fill in: is, are, ~5, 're, 'm, aren't or isn't.

l Fill in 'm, 's, 're, 'm not, isn't or aren't. 1 A: ... /, .. . he from Mexico?
B: No, he .................. He ................. from Japan.
2 A: ................. they Spanish?
1 She isn't from Spain . She ... , .. . from Mexico. B: No, they ................. They ................ Canadian.
2 You ........................ Hungarian. You are Italian. 3 A: What ............. .... your favourite sport?
3 My favourite sport is tennis. It .............. football. B: My favourite sport .................. tennis.
4 I am British. I .............. French. 4 A: ............... .. she twenty years old?
5 We aren't musicians. We ............... students. B: No, she ................. . She ................. twenty-two.
6 I .............. a musician. I'm not a teacher. 5 A: ........ ......... Stella from Hungary?
7 Tony's sixteen years old. He ............. ... sixty years B: Yes, she .... ....... . She ............... from Budapest.
old. 6 A: How old .. ............... you?
8 They aren't from Egypt. They ................. from Brazil. B: I ................. twenty-three.
8
1l'. -
IO

the Pyramids
(Cairo)

Pronunc1at1on
the Eiffel ml Listen and repeat.
Tower Australia. New Delhi. Edinbwgh. Egypt. Hunga,y,
(Paris) Moscow. Beijing. Russia. Turkey, Warsaw

You are the leader. Pretend you are from one of


the countries in the list below. Write it on a piece
of paper. The other students try to guess which
country you are from by asking questions, as in
the example. The student who guesses correctly
goes next.
Britain. India. R ussia, France, G ermany, Holland,
Turkey. Brazil. Italy. Poland, Egypt, Australia
I
Si: Are you from Italy? S2: Are you from Egypt?
L: No, I'm not. L: Yes, I am .


Look at the pictures. Ask and answer questions,
as in the example.
the Pyramids - Brazil?
the Taj lv!ahal - India?
Big Ben - Eniland?
the Eiffel Tower - Italy?
the Parthenon - Poland?
the White House- the USA?
St Basil's Cathedral - Hunga,y?
the Sydney Opera House - Canada?
the Statue of Liberty - the USA?
SI: Arc the Pyramids in Brazil?
S2: No, they aren't. They 're in Egypt. Is the
Taj-Mahal in India?
S3: Yes. it i.~. ls ...

(Project)
Use the pictures from the Photo File section and
write sentences, as in the example.
The Pyramids are in Cairo. Egypt.
9
.,
HI.

• m d 16 ml Read tbe dialogue, then listen and fill in the


missing words. Jn pairs, read out the dialogue.

A: Nice party, isn't it?


We use a/an before singular nouns. a dancer, an actor S: Yes. it's great.
We use a before consonant sounds (b, c, d , f, etc). A: I'm Alison, by the way . 1) .. .. ................. your name?
He's a teacher. S: I'm Steve, Steve Blair. Nice to meet you.
We use an before vowel sounds (a,e,i,o ,u) . A: Nice to meet you, too. 2) .................. are you from?
She's an actress. S: I'm from Scotland.
A: Where exactly?
S: Glasgow. What about you?
Add a or an to the words in the list, then label A: I'm from Birmingham . 3) ...... .. .. .. ............... your job?
the pictures. Finally> in pairs, ask and answer S: I'm a doctor. And you?
questions, as in the example. A: I'm a student.
S: Really? 4) ................. old are you?
anist, astronaut. doctor. engineer. pilot. postman. A: I'm twenty-one. And you?
vet. waiter S: Well. I'm thirty-five.
A: Thirty-five ! Are you really?
S/1: What '.s his 11w11e? SH: 1i1·ewr-~e1·e11. S: Yeah!! !
SB: Stei·en. SJ: JJ 7wt's hi, job?
S./J.: How old is he? SB: lit' :\· a 1rniter.
m1 a) Listen to the dialogue and repeat it. In
pairs, use your names to act out s imilar dialogues.

Helen
(42)
( 4 ....................... )
,.
Tony: Excuse me. Are you Rita Brian?
\\Paul Rita: Yes. I am.
\ (60)
Tony: Hi. I'm your new neighbour, Tony, Tony Brown.
Rita: Oh, hello, Tony. Nice to meet you.
Tony: Nice to meet you , too.
m1 b) Listen to this dialogue and put it into the
correct order.
0 Jane: Hello, Patrick. Patrick, this is Lucy.
She's my friend from America.
D Lucy: Pleased to meet you, too.
D Patrick: Hi, Jane.
6 ....................... D Patrick: Pleased to meet you, Lucy.

10
.,
HI.

• ommui ll o 11 ma Listen and fill in the missing information,


then talk about some of the teachers who work at
ml Write the sentences in the correct speech Mortimer College, as in the example.
bubbles, then listen and check. FinalJy, act out the
dialogues.
• Pleased to meet you.
• Pleased to meet you, too.
• Mr Potter, this is Mr Jackson.
• I'm Gillian Jones, but please call me Gill.
• Hello! I'm Frank Smith. What's your name?

Hello!
I'm Rashid Al Hibb. I'm from Mary Stuart
Alexandria, Egypt. I'm sixteen ) Dublin, Ireland
years old and I'm a student ····.30.·... years old
English teacher
~ ·
------1

John Parry Bob Davis


Glasgow, Scotland Swansea, Wates
.............. Years old .............. Years old
Maths teacher History teacher

Thi,; is Mary Stuart. She's from Dublin, Ireland. She's


thirty years old and she's an English teacher at
Mortimer College.

,t
You are a foreign student at Mortimer College. You
are responsible for the college magazine and this is
the first page of the first issue. Introduce yourself to
. \ \'I n
the readers. Start with: Hello! I'm ... . Then, introduce
some of the teachers who work at the college. Start
with: 111is is .... He/She i.\' ..•• Use the infonnation
Work in two teams. Take it in turns to choose from Ex. 20 and the pictures from the Photo File
words from the list and make sentences. Each section, as well as a picture of yourself.
correct sentence gets one point. The team with the
most points is the winner. r
musician. years old. 1wme. favourite, pleased,
Read this sentence. What does it mean?
neighbour, capital. manied, fa,me,:s·, where, job
Team ,. I S !: Fa~m is a musician. • A stranger is a friend you haven't met yet.

11
Read the Internet advertisements for pen-friends and answer the
P ,n questions. Then. explain the words in bold.
1 What can Pierre do? 5 Is Mario's hair curly?
Look at the pictures. Who's got ... 2 How old is Mario? 6 What can Anna do?
brown, curly hair? brown, wavy hair? 3 Who has got brown eyes? 7 What is the last sentence in
short grey hair? long straight fair hair? 4 Who is tall and well-built? each advertisement?
dark hair? a moustache? a beard and a
moustache? HeUo. l\h' namc·s Pierre and rm sevc11tecn years old. I live i.n
1
Paris. Fr:mce. I havt: got short st raight dark hair and brown
'J. Fill in the names of th e people in
the pictures. eyes. l'm quite tall and slim. l love .playing _computer ~a~e~
and l can play tennis very well. I ltkc rcadrng too. Plec1sc e
,
1 ............................................... is old.
2 ......... .. ............ is quite tall and slim. ~ m a il me today!
3 ................... is short and quite slim.
4 ..... .. ... .. .... .. . . ... is middle-aged and 1li ! My name is /\n na and 1 am eleven years old. I Jive in
Pierre is young .
Moscow. Russia. 1 have got long straight fair hair and green
5 .... .. ............................... is well-built.
6 ............................... .......... ....... is fat. eyes. r m quite short and I like skiing. I can play the piano
quite well. Please be my e-mail pen pal.
Ila Read the sentences, then listen
and match the sentences to the . ars o ld 1 livc in
s peakers.
. . .· d rrn
twenty-six ye . . !

Hi! My name:; r.lano an ,1\-built with brown. wavy


3 I" mil and we
1 "I love playing computer Florence. ltaly. rn . . . (l the ouitar and 1 \ove

~
" I l like plc1yine, f-, .
games." Mario hair and br0\\11 t.::e· . . lI e to hear from you
2 "I like playing the guitar." -p>ak French too. op
Pierre dancing. l can ~ I;;
3 "I like skiing."
4 "Hope to hear from you Anna soon.
soon ."

12
A Friend in Need

Use the words in the list to write the opposites of


the phrases below.
Read the advertisements again. Copy the table
sm all, sh011. fair. thin. curly, fat
below and complete it. Then. look at your notes
and talk about the people, as in the example. 1 tall boy :;t= /um bur 5 dark hair :t .... .................
2 slim girl :t= ....... .. ....... .. .... .. 6 full lips :t= ...... .. ... ... ...... .. ..
3 long hair :t .... ......... .... .. .. . 7 big nose * ......................
4 straight hair -:;: .. .. .. ... .. ... ... 8 big eyes :t ..................... .
Age:
Now use some of these phrases to describe your
Lives
in: partner.

Hair: rul /\ (ll/l (/Ill{ ,lilll. f /1•\ L:111 \IWrt dark hair Will
thin liJ"· Ile , .?.•11 ••
Eyes:
Label the colours.
Height:
green, blue. black.
Build: red. brol1 '11. grey
Which of these 1 ...rt·d ... 2 ........... .. 3
Likes/
Loves: adjectives are
often used to
Can: describe: a) hair?
b) eyes'! c) both'?
Pierre is sf!l·entee11 year5 old. He lil'es in Pari.\, France. He
has !?Of short srraiglu dark hair and brown eyef. He i.\ quill'
4 ..... ........ 5 6 ............ .
tall and .rlim. He liker, playing computer r:wne\ and reading.
He. ca11 play tennis l el) well.

n Ht t L:..i:i.LL'llli;.d\.'. G. L( G~(;.\.1 \'. :.


I/you/we/they've got I/ you/ we/ they haven't got
he/she/it's got he/she/it hasn't got
( Label the different parts of the face, then point t or SW s:
to them on your face and name them.
Have I/you/we/they got ... ? Yes, I/you/we/they have.
cheek, chin. ear. eye, hair. mouth, nose, teeth lips No, I/you/we/they haven't.
1 .......... J,ait .......... . Has he/ she/ it got ...? Yes, he/she/it has.
No, he/she/ it hasn't.
We use have got/has got to express possession.
I've got a dog. My dog has got long ears.

2 .............................. .
Read the advertisements in Ex. 4 again and
L complete the sentences using: have, haven 't, has
or hasn 't.
,.__ 3 ............................. ..
1 .. ./ lo.\ ... Pierre got a beard? No, he ........... ........... .
4 .............................. .
2 ............ Mario and Pierre got brown eyes? .......... .
3 ....................... Anna got long hair? ....................... .
4 .................... ... Mario got a beard? ...... .................. .
7 .............................. . 5 .............................. .
5 Anna ....................... got brown hair.
6 .............. Mario and Pierre got fair hair? .......... ..... .

13
A Friend in Need

The pictures show people from the Wessex area who are
missing. Look at their pictures and describe them.
1
ml Listen and label them with their names from 2 .......... ..
the list.
Chris. Sally. Jim. Peter. Ma,y

Choose on e of the people in Ex. 9 and describe


him or her to your classmates. The student who
guesses correctly chooses another person and
the game continues. Use these words:
young, middle-aged. cw{y. long. stra(r;ht, slim,
well-buili. beard, moustache. /Jig nose

• H dd nQ & l, t nn
a) Which of the pictures show someone with: 1
1 a pale complexion? - (DJ People from countries such as Denmark, Norway
2 light brown skin? and Sweden are usually tall with fair hair, blue eyes
and a pale complexion .
3 very dark skin and a wide, flattish nose?
4 dark slanting eyes and a yellowtsh complexion?
5 dark brown eyes and dark skin? ~ st ; ; le in Mediterranean countries, such
b) ml Listen and match the numbers to the pictures. 2
as Italy, Spain and Greece, are rather sh?rt. They
c) Read the texts and answer the questions. have usually got black or dark brown hair, brown
d) Read the texts again and explain the eyes and light brown skin.
words in bold. ----
Most people from central and
3
southern parts of Africa have got.
black curly hair and very dark skin.
They have also got dark _brown eyes,
full lips and a wide, flattish nose.

4 People from Arab countries


s~ch as Saudi Arabia, Iraq and
Libya have usually got dark hair
and dark brown eyes. They have .
also got dark skin.

. se are quite short,


The northern Chine d dark slanting
with thick black hair ansmall ~ose and a
eyes. They have g?t a
yellowish complex,o:

Questions
1 What do people from these areas look
like?
• Denmark, Norway and Sweden
• Mediterranean countries
• central and southern parts of Africa
• Arab countries
• northern China
2 What do people from your country look
like?
A Friend in Need

\\; ltlll (Project)


Im b) Look at the pictures in Ex. 12 again and listen to the
sounds. First tick (.I), then say what you can or can 't hear.
Use the pictures from the Photo File I can hear a cat. but I can't hear a motorbike.
section and write descriptions of the
people. Write about their ag<.'. hair. Match the phrases in the list to the pictures. Then, in pairs,
eyes, heigh, and build. T ask and answer questions to find out what yonr partner can or
can't do. as in the example.

a. cook ,rel! b. dance ire/I c. speak l:nghsh well d. run fast
e. walk fast f: read.fast g. swim fast h. Lype .fas/
Affirmative:
SI· ({(II\'()/( CPtlh:' 1·e,y well/ .fc1sf 95'!c
I/you/he/she/it/we/they can run.
.\~: }i,,. I can cool,, quite well. quite well/ fast 70*
Negative:
( ·011 r1111 tlanu .> not i,e1y well/fast 40?c
I/you/he/she/it/we/they ca n't run.
Interrogative:
S3: \o. I ran·,. ( ,111 you d1111c l''.' 110 O*
Can I/you/he/she/it/we/they run?
Short answers:
Yes, I/you/he/she/it/we/they ca n.
No, I/you/he/she/it/we/they can't.
Can is the same in all persons. We
use can + the base form of a verb to
express ability or a polite request.
Tom can play football. (ability)
Can you help me, please? (polite request)

• ,\II

a) Look at the pictures and the list


of words below. A.sk and answer
questions, as in the example.
guitm: ca,: train. piano, bus. dog car.
compwe,: helicop1e1: nwwrbike. plane
SJ: Can you see a guitar?
S2: No, I can't. Can you see a car?
S3: Yes, I can. etc.
A Friend in Need

Fill in the speech bubbles with sentences from the list. Im Listen to the dialogue and repeat it. Then,
in pairs. use the prompts below to make similar
Can you help me up, please? dialogues, as in the example.
Can you gii'e this lo Mr llarris. please?
Can you read this f'or me. please? A: What's your name, please?
Can you open your books at page 7. please? B: lnna Hughe\ .
A: How do you spell it?
B: ~1 double .'v - f . .• H - U - G - H - E - S .

1 .. Anno Hughes ... 4 ... Vivienne Brown ...


2 ...Jimmy Stuart ... 5 ... Frank Williams ...
3 .. .Wendy Clarke ... 6 ... Quentin Phillips ...

•• I a

Fill in the correct word (s ).

1 He hasn't got long hair. He's got ..................... hair.


2 She hasn·t got dark hair. She's got .................. hair.
3 Sarah and Kate are twenty-four ......................... old.
4 Gordon isn·t ................ ........................... He's short.
5 He hasn't got big eyes. He's got .................... eyes.
6 Tony is short and slim and he ........ ............ a beard.
7 ........................................................ you dance well?
8 Hope to ............................................ from you soon.
9 I ............. ............................. in Ed inburgh , Scotland .
10 He can run quite ............ .......................................... .

Match the sentences to the pictures. Which


express alJility? Which express a polite request'?
a Can you tell me
how much it is.
please?
Im Read the dialogue and fill in the missing b Ann can use the
words. Then, listen and check. In pairs, act out computer very well.
similar dialogues using your name, address and c Billy can play the
trumpet.
phone number. d Can you sign here,
A: Good morning , madam . Can I help you? please?
B: Yes please. I'd like to join the tennis club.
A: Certainly, madam . What's your 1) ........................... ?
B: Mavis Steed.
A: Can you spell it, please?
B: Yes, of course. M - A - V - I - S ... S - T - double E - D.
A: And 2) .......................................................... are you?
B: I'm thirty-two years old .
A: Right. 3) .... ............................... your home address?
B: 7, Green Street.
A: Thanks. And your phone nu mber?
B: 720644.
A: 4) ................................................. , Ms Steed . Here's
your card. Please, sign it here.

16
.A Friend in Need

P, ooun tJt1on
Work in two teams. Take it in turns to choose
words from the list and make sentences. Each
21 ml Listen and tick. Listen again and repeat.
correct answer gets one point. The team with the / j; / / I/ / i: / / I /
most points is the winner.
six slim
slim. full lips. moustache. straight hair: beard. with read teacher
wa1 y. well-built. speak Italian. ydlowish complexion. three singer
skin. .flattish nose. s11·i111, slaming eyes. quite .fast. sign.
1·e1y well. 1·e1y da,k skin

!JI
Complete the table with information about
yourself, then write an Internet advertisement for
a pen-friend. Use the texts in Ex. 4 as a model.
Im Listen to the dialogues and fill in the missing Start \\ith: Hello!/Hi.'... Finis h with: Please e-mail
words. Listen again and repeat. In pairs, act out me today./Please, be my e-mail pen pal/Hope to hear
the dialogues. from you soon.
• A: Good morning , Paul. 1) ..... ..... .............. are you?
B: Very well , thanks. And 2) ... .. .. ....... .... .... .... .. ... .... ?
A: I'm fine.
• A: Hello. How are things?
B: 3) .... .......... ....................... thanks. How are you?
A: All right.
• A: Hi! How are you?
B: 4) ........... ..................................... bad . And you? Name:
A: Okay.
Age:

Live in:
Read and flll in the speech bubbles with the
sentences belmv. Hair:

You too. Goodbye. Bye. Alum. Set> you. Eyes:


Im Now, listen and repeat. FinaJly. close your
books and act out similar dialogues in pairs.
Height:
--
Build:

Like:
--
Can:

\\ , . . of \\ ~do,n
Read these sentences. What do they mean?

• A friend in need is a friend indeed.


• Lend your money and lose your friend.

17
l ,HJ 111

a) Look at the picture and fill in the gaps with the correct letters.
1
b) Where is each room'? The study is in the attic.

on the ground floor: the living-room C the dining-room .... , the kitchen ....
on the first floor: the main bedroom .... , the bathroom ...., the child's bedroom ....
in the attic: the study .... outside the house: the garage ....

a) Fill in the gaps with the correct numbers. b) What is there in each
room? There is a sofa in the living-room.
t
There are some chairs in the dining-room.
living-room: sofa 9, fi replace ..... , table ......, armchair .... .
dining-room: dining-table ..... , chairs ..... , mirror ... ..
kitchen: fridge ..... , dishwasher ..... , cupboards ....., sink ..... , cooker .. ..,....,,.•
main bedroom: double bed ....., wardrobe ..... .
bathroom: bath ..... , washbasin ..... ,toilet .....
child's bedroom: single bed ..... , bedside cabinet .....
study: desk ... .. , bookcase ..... , chair .....

wall j j_
shower
I t ~Iing-tabl: . -· . ~

@) /" towel r
~
·· P..'
-

E -l,r:
t• j -~ )l
'7,", -
pil(ows -
~

- rug/ ~ @ ,-
)) D 't..__:- - - 11

stairs
A B
GROUND FLOOR
18 garden
Horne Sweet Horne

l Im First read the sentences and explain the meaning of the words in bold, then listen and underline the
correct word.
A. The house
a The house is quite expensive/ cheap.
b Upstairs there are three/four
bedrooms.
c The house has also got a beautiful
garage/garden .
B. The flat
d The flat is rather big/ small.
e The flat has got a big balcony/
swimming-pool.

Read the texts and explain the words


in bold. How many rooms are there
in each place'? Wbat is there in each
room'? What else has each place got?

@ For Sale £370 ,000


Address: i 1, Hawk's Lane, Canterbury .
@ For Rent £180/month
This lovely house is half a mile fro~ the ~1tit
Address: 6, Shell Street, Canterbury
entre and is near the shops and the main roa ."
This attractive flat is in a quiet str~et n.ear
~s quii'e expensive, but it is very l~rge. Upsdtairbs~ . h mall but 1t 1s in a
each with a war ro the city centre. It is rat .er s , It
there are three bed rooms, . b'
and a bathroom. There is also a study with a ig very pleasant area. It is also very cheap ..
has got a pretty bedroom , a bathroom w'.th
bookcase Downstairs, there is a small ~at~room
ilet a modern kitchen w1th
'th a shower and a toilet, a huge kite e.n . a a shower an d a to • d
a cooker a dishwasher and a fridge, an a
~i1ning-room and a spaclou~ livi~;;r~o~e:~~~fu~ comfort~ble living-room. The flat has ~lso
fireplace. The house has a so
ot a big balcony with a wonderful . v,~w.
garden and a swimming-pool.
~here is a large garage behind the bu1ld1ng .

.,
Read the texts again and make notes under the lovely .... !!.'!.~~~..... attractive ...... .... .... modern ............... .
following headings, then Jook at the notes and huge .. .. ... .. ... .. ....... quiet ..... ..... ...... ..... comfortable ........ ..
talk about the two places. spacious .. ............ pleasant ............... wonderful ............ .
Type of Home - Location - Cost - Size - beautiful .. ............. pretty .................... large .....................
Jnsfrle the House/Flat (Rooms, Fumiture etc) -
Outside the Jlouse,Flat

L<1r qu tqP Oe~elopmPnt


6 Fill in the adj ectives which have a similar
meaning. Choose adjectives from the list above.
• \ or ,h 11 \ big= huge, s- ----- '- ---
beautiful = attractive, P- - - - -
Look at the adjectives in bold in the texts in Ex. 4
pleasant = /_ - _ - -· W- - - - - - - -
and fill in the nouns which are used with them.

19
Horne Sweet Horne

• f 11, I Il

Study the following, then complete the rules. Study the table, then complete the rules.

!SLLttiuL.:-L· l:.LuL·.:- SLLLS.,l!.L.:-L· L:.LuL~l StLt~ula· L=-luL·d

chair -> chairs address > addresses there is a/an ... AFFIRMATIVE there are some ...
room - > rooms bus -> buses
wall > walls brush - > brushes there isn't a/an ... NEGATIVE there aren't any ...
table ~
tables bench > benches Is there a/an ... ? INTERROGATIVE Are there any ... ?
Most nouns take -s in the plural. Yes, there is. Yes, there are.
SHORT
Nouns ending in .......................... take -es in the plural. ANSWERS
No, there isn't. No, there aren't.
SINGULAR We use there ........................ in the singular.
There is a bed in the bedroom.
~~i ~~, We use there ........................ in the plural.
There are two beds in the bedroom.
This is a chair. These are chairs. We use some in the plural in the affirmative.
There are some chairs In the kitchen.
~~ Q ffl
~ We use ........................ in the plural in the negative
That is a clock. Those are clocks. and interrogative.
There aren't any chairs in the kitchen.
• We use this/these for things near us. We use
........... .... ../. .................... for things far from us.
Are there any chairs in the kitchen?
....•
Write sentences, as in the example. What things can you see in the picture below'?
Put a tick (.I) or a cross (X) for each, then talk
about the room, as in the examples.

This is a sofa am/ that i, a whit·.

and ~

3 ~ and KW

4 ~

~
- n and~
UJ
5 11&' ~ and~
} , ,.j j~
dining-table .. ./ .. , armchair ..X.. , pictures .. .I .. , posters ..X.. ,
rug ....., sofa ..... , chairs ...... cupboards ....., vase .....,


-:..-- mirror ..... , curtains ...... beds ..... , flowers ..... , pillows .....
6 ~ and ~ I - I
20
--· There fr a di11i11~-whle but there im 't a,1 amzcliair.
There are .,ome picllfrt.•, but there aren 'f any posten·.
Home Sweet Home

• Look at the picture and read the text, then fil l in


next to, on, behind or under. Finally, ask and
ON IN UNDER BEHIND NEXT TO IN FRONT OF answer questions, as in the example.
5 I: ii 7u:re i,; the carpel?
Cl Ill II Ill S]: lt',; on the fluor. Where is the pillow?

First, look at the picture. then read the short


. us
text and underline the correct prepositions . ' om . It's nice and spac1~
This is Jenny s bedro the t\oor . There is a
with a carpet 1) ..... . d.... :~h·~·~\\low 2) .....................

flowers poste~-=1 very comtortable be e:1ed there are two window~.


it. 3) .................... th
·
There 1s a a
I mp 4) ............... .
·· Th
... the bed . Jenny s
is a chair 5) .. ··········.. ·· ..
plant
desk is quite mode~n. ere ....... it. Jenny has
az1nes 6) ····...... ··· the
it and some .mag nd a poster 7) ·····.. ····.. ···.. ··
got some p1~tures aa bedside table 8) ................... .
walls. There is als~ her bedroom a lot.
the poster. Jenny likes

carpet

~:
There is a table in the room. There is a vase (1) in/(o3n) ~h:d:~:~

5
(2) . ; it There 1s a magazine
with some flower\here,~s o;ba.11 (4) behind/under the table. There

:~~:tt~:~:.t
0
to/unde~ the tabl~ Th(;)re ~~/~np~~:t ~lnb~:;n:~:
front of the chair. There ,s a pos er
to/under the plant.
,..
,,
This is Sally's living-room. Ask and answer
questions using the prompts below.

\ \ It n (Project)

Look at the Photo File section and complete


Paula's letter to her friend telling her about
her new fla t and her favourite room.

ttfdt11l
1 pictures/wall? 6 table/sofa?
2 armchair/fireplace? Im Listen and tick. Listen again and repeat.
7 magazines/table?
3 plants/sofa? 8 cushions/sofa?
4 fireplace/mirror? 9 posters/waif?
5 fridge/ living-room? 10 vases/table?
attic
I a: I / re /
- plant
I a: I / re /

SA:Are thert• any pictures on the wall?


SB: Yes, there are. 771ere are some pictw1·~· on the wall.
garden
carpet - armchair
flat

21
Home Sweet Home

• ' • lh \ r,101

a) Look at the pictures. Which shows: a mud hut?/a


chalet?/a block of.flats?/a j'armhouse?/a houseboat?
ml b) Listen and match the people's names to
their homes. Write S for Salif, U for Maria, G for
Greg, P for Paul and H for Hendrick.
c) Read the texts and fill in the missing prepositions.

1
Salit lives .. ... ..... · a village .... ·.... ··
.
Nigeria. H e I1ves .. ·.. ·.. ·.. a mud hut.
Mud huts have got grass roofs. They
have usually got only one room.

2 .
Maria lives .in a c h aIet ........ · a mountain
Switzerland. These houses are
..
~~d·~ of wood. They have usually got
two floors and an attic.
. huge block of flats
3 Greg hves ..... ·.... · a . th
Boston. His flat 1s .. .. .. ..... e
fitt~~~thfloor and it is in the centre of
the city. He lives ........... 332, Newb~ry
Street. There are a lot of expensive
shops ........... the area.
4 h...... ..
Paul lives .................. a farm .......
Canada. He lives .. ...... a big farm ouse
near a river.
Sandra Rich way is talking to an estate agent. . . a houseboat
5 Hendrick lives .. ........ ·
Read the dialogue and try to fill in the missing a river in Holland. It's got three
···········
information. cabins.
Im Listen to the cassette and check your answers.
Finally, in pairs, read the dialogue aloud.
A: Hello. 1) ................................................. .. ................. ?
S: Yes. I want to rent a flat in this area.
A: Okay, let me see. There is a very nice flat for rent • \ ti ha
quite near the city centre.
S: 2) .................................................. rooms has it got?
A: It has got a living-room , dining-room , kitchen, bath- Im Listen a nd repeat. Then, in pairs, act out
room and two bedrooms. So that's six rooms.
similar dialogues using the prompts beJow.
S: And how much is it?
A: It's quite a good price - £300 per month. A: What's your address, please?
S: That sounds perfect. 3) ............................... ............ ? B: 1-1. \li/('()/e Road. Birmi11glw111 .
A: It's 14, Oakfield View. A: Can you spell the street name, please?
S: 4) ... .. .... .................. ..... .... ....... .................. .......... ...... ? B: .\J - 1 - I - (. - 0 - { - t:.
A: Yes, it's O - A - K - F - I - E - L - D ... V - I - E - W. A: Thank you. Have you got a telephone number?
S: 5) ................................................................... see it ? B: Yes. It's F!IJ-1/,\\ .
A: Of course. l can take you there right now. Have you
got t ime? • 12, Longfwrs1 Lane, Reading {Tel.: 535602)
S: Yes. That's great. • 17. Morrison / 1,,enue. Bwli (Tel.: 334598)
A: Okay. I've got the keys here, so let's go. • 21, Primrose Sm?el. Cre11 •e (Tel.: 750559)
22
Horne Sweet Horne

ml a) Karen and Tom want to rent a house or flat. • \o <1bulc1ry R \I on Gim


Look at the pictures, then listen to the cassette
and say which place they want. 1! Work in two teams. Take it in turns to choose
words from the list and make sentences. Each
Im b) Read the advertisements. then listen
correct sentence gets one point. The team with
again and underline the correct word in bold.
the most points is the winner.
Now, using the advertisements. describe the two
places. Start like this: This lovely house is five miles ground jloo,: a11ic. wardrobe. huge, quiet. behind, view,
from the city centre. It is very expensive, but it is very uncle,: con~f<mable. e\pensil'e. cooker. some, cmpet,
'large. Upstairs, the.re are ... study. Sll'imming-pool. balcony. there areJZ 'I any

• M no am,a
For Rent £800/ month
6, Sandon Street
Work in two teams. Look at the picture of the
Lovely house five miles from city
house on p. 18 for one minute, then close your
centre books and say what there is in each room.
* Upstairs - Each correct answer gets one point. The team
4 bedrooms; 2 bathrooms with the most points is the winner.
(bath, shower, toilet)
* Downstairs -
1) sp~c!ous/ sma/1 living-
room , kitchen; dining-room · \\t nt1 n (advertisements for houses)
study; small 2) bedroom/ '
bathroom Use the information in Ex. 18 to write two short
* large 3) garden/swimming. advertisements (50 - 80 words each) similar to
pool; double garage those in Ex. 4. Use the pictures from the Photo
File section and the plan below.

Plan
For Rent: ... ..... ......... .....
Address: ... ................ .
- type of place
- where
- cost
- size
- inside the hou.se/ftat (rooms, Ju.mitu.re, etc)
- outside the hou.se/ftat

For Rent £300/month


8, Chamberlain Street

Attractive 4} flat/chalet near city centre \\iordc; of \\1,~dom


* 2 bedrooms; , large bathroom (bath,.?hower,
toilet) ; modern kitchen; comfortable llving- Read these sentences. What do they mean?
room; 5) dining-room/study
• Home is where the heart is.
* small garden; 6) garage/swimming-pool
• There is no place like home.
• East, west, home is best.

23
Sandra Manning and David Parr are reporters. They work for The Morning Sun in London. Mike
Battle is the editor of the newspaper.

There are stories about


the Loch Ness Monster in all the
papers today. but there aren't any
photographs! Go to Loch Ness.
I want a story and
ON THE TRAIN...
~ ,
r
photographs with ft!

~
No, I can't.
Let's hire a boat and look for it.

Sandra,
be careful! Sit down!
OHNO!
Don 't stand up!

here is it? I can'


see it! Quick, take some
photographs!
ft
\,

.~ ._ ~
The Loch Ness Monster - Episode 1

1 Look at the pictures on p. 2-i and


point to the editor. the reporten and
6 Look at the pictures and make sentences using object pronouns,
asin the example. Look at her!
the monster. What do you know
about the Loch Ness monster'?

ml Listen and put the sentences


in the order you hear them.
Let's hire a boat and look for it.
Sandra, be careful!
7 Fill in the speech bubbles with sentences from the list.
• Don't be a(rnid! • Don·, irony. It:'> gone. • Take my hand.'
Go to Loch Ness.
• Put this on.
I'm cold
3 Read the episode, then mark the
sentences as T (true) or}' (false) .
IT]

1 David is the editor.


2 There are photographs of the
monster in all the papers.
3 The monster is huge.
4 Sandra can see the monster.

Fill in on or in.
8 Complete the puzzle to find Mike's j ob.
1 David and Sandra are ...... the office.
=""'The ""'=
2 Mike's got newspapers ...... his hand. Mornlng Sun
3 There are stories about the monster
...... all the papers. a ~~~
4 Sandra and David are ... ... the train.
5 Sandra and David are .. .... a boat.

We use the imperative to give orders or


instructions. We form affirmative orders
or instructions with the base form of
the verb . Look at this.
We form negative orders or instructions
with don't + base form of the verb.
Don't stand up.
9 Im Listen to the episode, then take roles and read it. aloud.

Read the episode again and find Read the paragraph and till in the missing words.
eigh t sentences which arc orders.
Mike Battle is the 1) e sj j .t QI. of The Morning Sun. David and Sandra
Who says each sentence'?
are reporters. In the office, Mike shows David and Sandra some
Look at this. (Mike) 2) p ____ _ . There are stories about Nessie, the 3) m _ _ _ _ _ _ in
Loch Ness, in all of them. David and Sandra go to Scotland on a
4) t ____ . They want to take 5) p _ _____ ____ of Nessie. There
Subject pronouns (/, you, he, she, it, we, are 6) b ____ by the loch. David and Sandra hire one to 7) I ___ for
you, they) go before verbs as their
Nessie. After three 8) h _ ___ on the boat, David sees the monster
subjects. Object pronouns (me, you, behind Sandra.
him, her, it, us, you, them) go after verbs
as their objects. nt1nn
Look at her. She's Sandra.
Write descriptions of Mike, Sandra and David.
25
UNIT 4

R.e,ad Tony's letter and a ) fill in the names of the people in the
' 'I
picture; b) answer the questions below; c) explain the words in bold.
Look at the picture. Who's Tony's
father'? mother'? grandfather'? · 1 What ~loe.s Tony look like'? 4 What does Tonv like/not like
grandmother'? sister'? brother? 2 What 1s lllS mother"~ job? cloiirn:? - ·
3 Where is. Torn.-s
· · h) · ~·1·
( us1.; · · '--
5 H O\\' does the letter start/finish?

Describe the people in the 43, st Catherine street


picture. Montreal, PQ
M3B 2Y7
Im First read the sentences. ccmada
then listen and underline the
Dear Pierre,
correct word. I'm Tony Philips and rm seventeen years old. I'm a student and I live ir
Montreal, canacla. rm tall and slim with short dark hair and brown eyes.
a I live in Montreal/Madrid. There are seven of us in our family; my grandparents, Steve and Sally
b There are seventy/seven of us in my parents, Joe and Kate, my sister, Liz, aged nine, my brother, Leo
our family. aged six, and of course, me. My father is a surgeon. He works at th
c My father is a surgeon/teacher. local hospital and my mother is a teacher in a primary school. W
d He works at the local hospital/ live in a big house about twenty minutes f ram the city centre.
school. In my free time, I love playing computer games and listening t
e l don 't like going to the cinema/ rock music. I'm an MTV maniac. My favourite group is Guns'n'Roses
theatre. Do you like them? I also like going to the cinema. l go to the cinem
every Saturday. I don't like going to the theatre, though.
w ell, that's all about me. write back and tell me
about yourself. Best wishes,
To11y
Pierre has got a letter. It's from his
new pen-friend, Tony.
26
Like Father, like Son

.,,,....
Read the letter again and complete the table. Then,
.
look at your notes and talk about Tony. Start like this:
Tony Philips is seventeen years ol.d. ...

FULL NAME: Tony Philips


<\GE/OCCUPATION: • .._

CITY/COUNTRY:

APPEARANCE:

FAMILY MEMBERS: grandparents: Steve and Sal(v


parents: Joe (surseon) and Kate (teacher)
sister: Liz (nine)
brother: Leo (six)
HOME:

LIKES/LOVES playing computer games,

Lnnq a QP Oe\-P Io pn1 nt


Read the examples and study the rules, then
Fill in niece. grandmother. w~(e. sister. daughter or
underUne the correct items iu the s entences below.
aunt. as in the example.
1 husband - . 11'i/c'.. . 4 nephew - ..... .............. .
2 son - ..................... .... .. 5 brother - .......... .... ...... .
3 uncle - ................. ...... . 6 grandfather - ...... ....... .

6 Im Fill in the missing days of the week, then


listen and repeat.
Sunday. Fridczv. Tuesday

,
1 Monday, 2 .. ..... .................... , 3 Wednesday. 4 Thursday.
5 ............ ................ ...... , 6 Saturday. 7 ............. ...... .. ........ ..
• We add 's when a noun is
a) Match the free-time actiYities to the pictures. singular to show possession.
Not all the activities match the pictures. This is the boy's ball.
We add ' when a noun is
a) listening to (rock 'dassical1Jop jaz::) music. h) 1wilki11g
1
plural and ends in -s to show
in the park. c) going on (I picnic. d) going to the cinema. possession. This Is the girls'
e) frm·elling. f) exercising. g) reading. h) .fish inf.(. i) playing ball.
foorha/1. j) camping. k) playing 1he guitw ; l) watching TV • We add 's to the last noun of a
phrase to show possession.
b) Use the Jist of activities above and the verbs mother This is Ann and John's mother.
below to make sentences, as in the example.
1 This is my son's/sons bicycle.
love (• • ) like (• ) don't like (X ) hate (XX )
2 This is Jenny/Jenny's desk.
I lik.c·jislii11K and I Im'£' rcadi11g. I don ·, like ca111;1i11;; though. 3 That is Tony and Pam's/Tony's and Pam house.
OR 4 Those are Bob/Bob's shoes.
I like J!sl1i11g mu! I Ion · relldin.~. bur I do11 ·, like cw1111iw.:. 5 These are the boys/boys' bicycles.
27
Like Father, like Son


Who's ... ? = Who is ...? Who's Lisa?
Whose ...? is used to ask who the possessor is.
Fill in her. me. him, my or their. Whose Is this ball?

Subject Pronouns you he she it we you they ] Fill in wlzo '.v. 1rhose. him. them. her or me.
Object Pronouns you her It us you them
··... ll '/1ow ... dog is it?" "Lyn's."
1
Possessive Adjectives your his its our your ....
" .................................. Lisa?" "She's Dave's cousin."
2
" .................. ........... niece is Pam?" "Ann and Bob's."
3
" .......................................... Sally's brother?" "John."
4
Read the text and underline the examples of the
s '· Help ....... ....... ..... .... ... .... ..... ! I can't open the door."
possessive case and the possessive adj ectives.
6 "Ask ............................................ He can help you ."
7 " ................ ... ,................. house is it? " "It's Steven 's. "
8 "Look at .......................... ............. They're very tall. "
9 "Give this to .............................................. It's hers. "
10 " ....................................... James?" "He's my uncle. "

•S Pdklfl

a) Look at Lisa's family tree. Ask and answer


questions ·n ith wlzo 's or 1vhose.

SJ: IViw ~ Dan<' S3: He :~· Carol and


S2: He's Lisa '.s- cousin Bills son
fl 'lwse son is John?
b ) Point to students and objects in your classroom
and make sentences using o~ject pronouns.
S 7: l.ouk at them. Ticer ·re desk,·.
S]:Look m her. She :s ,\/my.

• g m

Write on the board some of your relatives' names


(e.g. Tony. Paula. Tom. Plzilip. Kalhy). The class in
two teams, try to guess who each person is, as in
the example. The teams win one point for each
correct guess. The team with the most points is
the winner.
Look at the family tree in Ex. 10 and complete
Team A SJ: ls Tom· ,·011r Team B SJ: ls he your
the sentences.
father'! uncle?
1 Dave is Joh n and A1111 's nephew. He is the'ir nephew. }·ou: ,\'o. Ire isn ·,. ½m: Yes. he is. etc.
2 Lisa is .................... ... cousin . She is ............. cousin.
3 Lisa is ..... ... .... ......... .... ..... ........ ..... ......... ......... niece.
She is ....... .................................. niece. • n In (Project )
4 Helen is ............................ wife. She is ............. wife.
5 Peter is ............................ uncle. He is .... ......... uncle. Draw your family tree and write a short text like
6 Ann is ............................ aunt. She is ............. aunt. the one in Ex. 10. Decorate your proj ect with
7 Bill is ...... .......... ... husband. He is ............. husband. pictures of your family.
28
• 'I I I II ' II' Underline the correct word(s).

Fill in ours, yow:'i, or hers. 1 "Who 's/Whose is Ann?'' "She's my/mine sister."
2 "Is this bag your/yours?" "No, it's Sheila's/Sheila."
3 "Who/Whose dog is this?" "It's their/theirs ."
my 4 "Are those balls your/yours?" "Yes, they're our/ours."
5 "Who's he?" "Tom's and Julie's/Tom and Julie's father."
your .......... ..
his his.
I
This is her house. It's ········ ····
I

its
our
············ T Study the table. then complete the rules.
············
your .. .. , .......
their theirs.

I - ~
you ~ 1~

he
she ~ ~ ~
Possessive adjectives come before a noun. it ~
It's my dog.
we .... we
Possessive pronouns don't take a noun after them. you ~ r..llV you
h's mine. (NOT·• h1• ·~O JJ- h' " -'"' DCOh
1
"'""'' ,
)
they / they

• Most verbs take .. .......... in the affirmative third


person singular. I ltve - he lives
Match the people to the objects. Then. in pairs.
• We use doesn't + the base form of the verb to form
ask and answer questions. as in the example.
the negative third person singular. In all other
persons we use ................. he doesn't live - I don't live

• Most verbs ending in -ss, -sh, -ch, -x and -o take


-es in the third person singular. I finish - he finishes
• Verbs ending in a consonant + y drop the -y and
take -ies in the third person singular. / study - he
studies (BUT: / play - he plays)

i Fill in the correct form of the verb.


1 I go - he ..................... . 4 I wash - he ................. .
2 I work - he .................. 5 I fly - he ..................... .
3 I love - he ... ......... ...... . 6 I enjoy - he ................ .

We use the present simple for permanent states,


repeated actions and daily routines.
He lives in Madrid. (permanent state)
She goes to the cinema on Saturdays.
(repeated action - routine)

Underline the present simple verb forms in the


S. I: Jl7w\e l>t1i,: i, 1/ii,'! text in Ex. 4.
,\U: I thin/, ,, ~ L_,11 \ ) <.''. If\ hen.

29
Like Father, like Son

Study the table. How do we form a) Look at the table below and the key. Which day(s) does
questions and short answers? Helen love/like/not like/hate'? llele11 hmes i\!londays.
b) Im Now, listen and tick (.I) the days Helen does the foUowing
activities. Then, ask and answer questions, as in the example.
1 I Yes, I/you do. Sl: Why does Helen hate Mondays?
Do 1 you live ·· ·? No, I/you don't. S2: Helen hates Mondays because she gets up very early.

te
he I' ? Yes, he/she/it does.
Why does she like Tuesdays?...
Does
I ive ·· · · No, he/she/it doesn't.
®
Do
we I
you live ... ?
Yes, we/you/they do.
No, we/you/they don't.
Helen
XX • ~ X • 'I 'l'I
Ithey

Fill in do, does, don't or doesn 't.

1 A: ............. you live in Madrid?


B: No, 1 •••••••••.•••• go to the cinema
2 A: ............ Tim like watching TV?
B: Yes, he ............. .
3 A: .. . .. . . . .. . . . they live in a flat? meet friends
B: Yes, they ............. .
4 A: .. . ... . ... . .. Mary work in a hospital?
B: No, she ............. . go shopping
5 A: ............. she like playing tennis?
B: Yes, she ............. .
6 A: ............. they go fishing on
Sundays? do the ironing
B: No, they ............. .
7 A:
B:
8 A:
...... .. .. .. . he work in a school?
No, he ............. .
............. you get up late on
clean the house q£
Sundays?
B: Yes, we ......... .... .
9 A: ............. they like playing football?
B: Yes, they ............. . Read the letter and explain the adjectives in bold . Which
10 A: ............. she like listening to jazz adjectives describe appearance'? ·which describe character'?
music?
B: No, she ............. . Dear Sarah,
Wa~/s. name is Nora Smith. I am sixteen years old and live in swansea, in
Pronunc,at,on I

. There .are five of us in our.family. My father, Brett, is an artist. He's a ver


Im Listen and tick. Listen again ~r~d pe,clson. My mother, Emily, is an actress. She's very beautiful with fat
and repeat. a,r an gorgeous green eyes. She's also ver ·
:~;\ isbfieen. Hed's got brown ~air and blue eye/ H:~;'~:~a-:l<i~~ot~:t
/s / I zI I IZ I I azy an rude. My sister Melanie is twelve th f . h . ,
lives
lovely gree~ eyes. She's pretty and ~lever but she's a bit~oss a,r arr and
Please write soon and tell me about your family. y.
walks
Best wishes,
goes Nora
writes
washes Now talk about your family.
watches 1 What do your father, mother, 2 Can you describe their
brother and sister look like? characters?
30
Like Father, like Son

"f. ml Study the descriptions, then • Ill I I II '

listen and fill in the missing


words. In pairs, ask and answer rm Read the dialogue, then listen and fill in the missing ad,jec-
questions, as in the example. tives. V\lhich girl in the picture is Steve's sister'? Listen again and
SA: What does Philip look like? follow the dialogue. Then, in pairs, act it out.
SB: He's good-looking with shorr fair B: Wow 1 Look at that girl , Steve!
hair and green eyes. What is he S: Which girl?
like? 8: That girl. She's really 1) .. ... ........ .
SA: He's lazy. S: Which girl? Where?
B: The one over there, with the
2) ........... ............... hair.
Name: Philip S: I can't see her.
Appearance: B: Yes you can ! She's on the bench.
1) ................... , short S: Do you mean the g irl in the dark
fair hair, green eyes T-shirt?
Character: B: No! Not her - the one next to her.
2) ......................... S: Oh, I can see her now.
8: Isn 't she 3) .......................... ?
S: Mmm, not bad. She's very
4) ......... ........ ...... .. too .
8: Do you know her?
Name: Miss Adams S: Yes , I do actually. She's my sister.
Appearance:
3) ...................,
long blonde hair, \\ J ti I (a letter to a pen-friend)
blue eyes
Character: Use the letter in Ex. ..J as a model and the plan below to write
4) ........................ . a letter to your pen-friend.

Name: Jean Plan


Appearance:
Dear + (your pen-friend 's first name),
5) ...................... ,
short brown hair Introduction
brown eyes. ' Para l: Say who you are, how old you are, what your
Character: occupation is, where you live and wh.at you look like.
6) ...................... ...
Main Body
Para 2: Talk about your family (members , ages, jobs) and your
house.
• \,11 I H1l,r l ft , -., If ,Uh• c"' Para 3: Say what you like/don't like doing.
' Work in two teams. Take it in Conclusion
turns to choose words from the Para 4: Ask your pen-friend to write back soon.
list and make sentences. Each Best wishes,
correct sentence gets one point. (your first name) _
The team with the most points is
the winner.
family. lire. laz.v. city centre. cle11e1~
parents. camp;,1.g, husband, rude, Read these sentences. What do they mean'?
aunt, uncle. cousin, niece. bossy,
lovely. good-looking. patient, kind, • Like father, like son/Like mother, like daughter.
gorgeous • The apple never falls far from the tree.

31
Self-Assessment 1 (Units 1- 4)
7 Kim is my sister's daughter. She's my .............. .
A nephew B niece C cousin

l Fill in the correct counb1' or nationality.


8 People from Sweden have got .............. .
A slanting eyes B dark brown skin
C a pale complexion
1 Argentina 9 There is a big .............. in the kitchen.
2 ..................................... Brazilian A bookcase B sink C washbasin
3 Spain 10 I like my teacher. She's always very .............. .
4 Mexico A bossy B rude C patient
(10 marks)
5 ................................... .. Greek
6 Finnish Fill in the missing preposition.
7 Turkey
8 ................................... .. Canadian
9 Japan
10 .................................... . Scottish
(10 marks)

Fill in the correct word.


2 hea,; nea,~going, College, dancer, .spacious.
cheap, e-mail, yellowish. 1·iew

1 Downstairs, there is a ................. ......... . living-room .


2 Tony loves ......................................... to the cinema.
3 Please be my ... ........................................... pen pal. 1 Prague is the capital ................ the Czech Republic.
4 Hope to ............................................ from you soon. 2 He is well-built ................ short fair hair.
5 Rashid is a student at Mortimer .............................. .
3 My pen pal is ... .. ........... Canada.
6 Bob's house is ............. .................... the city centre.
4 John lives ................ a huge block of flats.
7 We have got a wonderfu l ........................... from our
5 There is a lovely poster ................ the wall.
balcony.
6 Is there a fireplace ...... .......... the living-room?
8 This modern flat is a bargain. It's really very ........... .
7 My father works ................ the local hospital.
9 Mary is qu ite tall and slim. She is a ...................... .. .
8 The garden is ................ the house.
10 Chinese people have usually got a .................. ....... . (8 marks)
complexion.
(10 marks)

FilJ in the correct form of the verbs in brackets.


Choose the correct item. 1 A: Where .................. .......... ........... (be) Juan from?
B: He ........... .................................. (be) from Spain .
1 Beth isn't a very good student. She's very .............. . 2 A: .......... .. .............................. (you/ like) swimming?
A rude B lazy C clever B: No, I ...................................................... (do/ not) .
2 Mr Cline works at the hospital. He is a(n) .............. . 3 Jenny .. .............................. (have/not) got curly hair.
A engineer B musician C surgeon She ........ .. ...... ..................... (have) got straight hair.
4 Helen usually ................................ (watch) TV in the
3 Is Jane's hair grey? No, it's .............. . afternoons but Mark ...................... (listen) to music.
A fair B wavy C yellow 5 My English teacher ....................... (be) very patient,
4 There are two .............. in the bathroom. but my Maths teacher ................................ (be/ not) .
A sofas B mirrors C cookers 6 A: ......................................... (Philip/live) in Madrid?
B: Yes, he ........................................................ (do) .
5 " .............. magazine is that?" "It's Karen's." 7 My father ...... ........................... (not/get up) early on
A Who's B Who C Whose Saturdays.
6 My sister goes to primary school. She's very .......... . 8 A: .......... ......... .......................... (be) it a big house?
A young B middle-aged C old B.. Yes , there ........................ (be) e,g . ht rooms .in it .
(8 marks)

32
Module Self-Assessment 1 (Unils l -~)

Choose the conect word to fill in each gap. l-, I ,


'- t\ l'3L11 lll1
hers, my, she. him. his. her

1 A: Does she like tennis?


B: Yes, it's ..................... favourite sport.
9 Read the Jetter
and answer the
2 A: Have you got a telephone number? questions below.
B: Yes, ..................... number is 4241889.
3 A: Does he like football?
B: Yes, it's ..................... favourite sport.
4 A: Is Beth your sister?
B: No, ........... .......... is my cousin .
5 A: Is this Doug's book? Dear Jane,
B: Yes, give it to ..................... . My name is Tony wi.lson. I am thirteen years old
6 A: Is this Lisa's pencil? and I live in Liverpool 1n England..
B: Yes, ifs ..................... . There are five of us in our family. My fathe:, John,
(6 marks)
is an artist. He' s a very clever person. and he s. very
7 Underline the correct word.
kind . My mother, Elaine, is verj be~ut1ful. She is tall
cmd slim wit h Jong straight f arr hair and blue ~ye~.
She's a very patient woman . . My brother, . Martrn, is
1 My son's/sons' car is red. sixteen years old. He is tall w~th brown hair. an~ blue
2 Tina is Lucy's and Bill's/Lucy and Bill's aunt. eyes. He' s quite lazy. My sister, Karen, 1s. f1ftee~
3 These are the girls/girl's bags. years old. she' s short with green eyes. she is a bit
4 Their daughters'/daughter's name is Kate. bossy. r1 II
5 Our fathers'/father's study is in the attic. Well, that's all about me. Please write soon anu te
(5 marks) me about your family.

i.. Co m mw 1icJ.t i on Best w ishes,


Tony
Match the questions to the answers , as in the
1 How old is Tony? 7 What does Martin look
example.
2 Where does he live? like?
3 What is his father's job? 8 Can you describe

~ 4 Can you describe his


father's character?
5 What does his mother
Martin's character?
9 What does Karen look
like?
2 Are you from Yes, of course. look like? 10 Can you describe
London? P-E-T-E-R ... J-0-N-E-S 6 Can you describe her Karen's character?
character?
(10 marks)

3 What's your job? ~~


~ 21. Green Street. Circle the odd word.
1 tall, short, @ well-built man
5 Can you spell 2 young, dark, middle-aged, old woman
it, please? 3 brown, grey, pale, wavy hair
4 wavy, curly, slanting, straight hair
5 slanting, blue, brown, slim eyes
6 What's your 6 pale, dark, wide, light complexion
home address? 7 patient, beautiful, pretty, gorgeous girl
8 lazy, kind, bossy, rude,curly woman
7 What's your (8 marks)
phone number?
T Describe a member of your famjly. TaJk about
his/her physical appearance and character. Use
1 ..~... 2 ...... 3 ...... 4 ...... 5 ...... 6 ...... 7 .... .. words from Exs. 9 and 10. (18 marks)
(7 marks) TOTAL: 100 marks

33
a ••••••••••••••••••••••

~ Read, listen, talk and write about. ..

J1 !) E~ r IJJJ Dir
0 I" Z1 Jf&~ "t O }Pf?

• daily routines
• free-time activities

• animals
• "" ............ Module
• • • • • • • • ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Units 5-8
) --.. ~
~ Learn
D1 _}) I) l f) ?e ------: •

tell the time
ask about pets
• buy clothes
• order food
• accept/refuse offers
~ Practi
• adverbs of frequency
• prepositions of time
• question words
• present continuous
• plurals
• countable/uncountable nouns
• how much/how many
• (a) few/(a) little
• a/an/some/any

• weather conditions
• clothes

• types of food & drink


• kitchen equipment
Lr 1d u1
I Read the sentences and circle the Read the
words text and answer the
in bold.
. ,-
qucSfwns. 1 hen, explain the
correct answers.
1 The. man in the picture is Bob Ell'
D,ohy
es.T3o~, his .ioh'? Why (not)'? ~
He 1s a is. 2 \.\ 1s hi~ like
JOh tiri ng'?
\Nhat does Bob do in his free lime·.'
5
a) shark ·t~~.i~~~... b) dolphin trainer -' What docs Bob do in the How does Bob feel about his life ?
2 Bob ~orks at a(n) .............. . morning afternoon c\·cnin"'' 6 WI.mt tense do we use to describe
::- · daily routines'?
a) swimming-pool b) aquarium
3 Bob usually .............. .
a) cleans the aquarium
b) feeds and trains the dolphins Around the Clock with Bob Ellis
4 His job is .............. .
a) tiring b) boring Bob Ellis, 29, is a dolphin trainer. ··1 like my job a lot because l love
5 An early bird is someone who
a) gets up early b) gets up l~t~... .
working with animals. It is tiring though, as I work long hours," he says.
Bob is an early bird. His day starts at five o'clock in the morning. He gets
6 An o"".I is a bird which sleeps ....... .
a) dunng the day b) during the night up, has a shower, and then he gets dressed. Atter breakiast, at about six
o'clock. he catches the bus to work. He arrives at the aquarium at half past
six and feeds the dolphins. After that, they practise for the show until lunch-
2 Im Read the sentences about time. Bob has a break for lunch from half past twelve till half past one, then
Bob E llis, then listen and write T
the show starts. At five o'clock in the afternoon, he feeds the dolphins again
(for true) or F (for false) .
and then he goes home. In the evening. Bob usually watches TV. He
1 "I like my job a lot." doesn't go out very often during the week because he goes to bed early.
2 "I work long hours." And what does Bob do in his free time? He loves going for long walks
3 His day starts at six in the countryside with his dog. Jack. Bob also likes swimming at the pool,
o'clock in the morning.
but he never swims in the sea because he's afraid of sharks!
4 He catches the train to
"I feel very satisfied with my life at the moment," says Bob. 'Tve got
work.
5 In the evening, Bob a great job and I enjoy my tree time. Who could ask for more?''
usually watches TV.
6 He loves going for long
walks in the countryside.

34
An Early Bird or a Night Owl?

Look at the clock faces, then, in pairs, ask and


answer questions, as in the example. Tell the
Choose words from the list to fill in the gaps, time in both ways. as explained in the theory box.
then use them to make sentences.
a b C
an early. gets. has. arri, ·es. long. a night. .fi"ee.
goes to. goes. watches. catches. afmid (f
1 ..... ...... .......... ......walks 7 He ................... home.
2 ...... ......... .... ... ..... .. b ird 8 He .. . at the aquarium.
3 ..... ......... ..... ............ owl 9 He ............. .. ... ...... TV.
4 He ............. a shower. 10 He .. ... .. ...... bed early. d e
5 He ................ dressed. 11 ............ .. .. ... .. .. .... ..time
6 He ...... .. ... .. ... the bus. 12 He is ....... ... .... sharks.

• " ' " ,I

Read the text again and make notes under the


following headings. Close your books. look at your
notes and talk about Bob·s daily routine and free-
time activities. Start Jike this: 811/1 i, 11 dnl11/zi11
tmi11<!l'. I le 1;e1,· 11r1 at /i1 '( n dot k in the 111nmi11~...
Sl : IJlut1timei\ir? , .~~I: 117w1·-.11ie1i111e?
Bob's job:
What Bob does: in the morning - in the afternoon
5, B: It'.\ I ,I) ,111a11a lo s<'l'cn. S /3: it\ ,fr /i mr~/,n'.
- in the evening - in his free time

Ask and answer questions, as in the examples.

"' .SI: fl 71111 lime' doc\· th<' J>lane Ji'tJ/ 11 {okyo tmii'e !
.\~: It 11rrii e, al r11) <111urtc't pus! ji1 't'. 11 hat ti11w ...

We tell the time in two different ways.

12
11
six o'clock half past six
10
9 l 2
3
or
2
3
or 6:45 on time
8
5 rty Cairo 7:00 on time B3
6 ~

te«
~ (a) quarter
.\ I: II 7wt 1i111c d1)('., tl1c' [Jlmll'Jiir \('II') i1rk lmn:'!
(a) quarter
to six .. , 2 past six
,.:: It /('({re, ,11 111·,·111_,· pmt 'il'l'CII. II 7wt t11m• ...
or -·8
3
or
five forty-five 7
teen
6

;2
11
twenty to iC 2 twenty past
3 six 9 3 six
or a
7 ;
or Tel Aviv 8:15
live forty 6
ff'(
Paris 8:45 B4

35
An Early Bird or a Night Ow1?

' • I \\r1t,n (Project)


Im Read the text, then listen and fil) in the missing times.
I Read the text again and answer the following questions.
Write a text similar to the one in
Ex. 7 about the opening hours of
1 What time do shops close on Saturday? shops and restaurants in your
2 What time do banks close on Tuesday? country.
3 Which day do post offices open from 8:30 until noon?
4 What time do chemists open on Tuesday? a ) Label the pictures with the
5 What time do restaurants open for dinner? adjectives in the list.
6 Are there any restaurants in Holland which stay open late?
happy, tired, stressed. satisfied, bore
b) Watch the adjectives to the
reasons. Make sentences joining
them with because, as in the
example.
I (<.!cl lwpnr because I enjoy my 1mrk..

happy ~ I work long hours.


stressed I enjoy my work.
bored I earn a lot of money.
satisfied I talk to angry customers.
tired I do the same things
every day.

Shops
Shops are open Monday to Friday from 9 am until a) ....... pm,
and on Saturday from 9 am until 4 orb) ............ pm. Many
places have late-night shopping on Thursday or Friday
evenings.
Banks and Post Office s
Banks are open Monday to Friday from c) ............ am until
5 pm and sometimes later on Thursday or Friday. Post
offices are open Monday to Friday from 8:30 am until
d) ...... pm, and often on Saturday from 8:30 am until noon.
Chemists
Chemists are open Monday to Friday from 8 am until
e) ............ pm. Some chemists stay open to cover evenings.
nights and weekends.
Restaurants
Restaurants are generally open for lunch from f) ............ am
until 3 pm and for dinner from g) .......... .. until 10 pm. The
Dutch are not late diners, but there are some restaurants
which stay open late in the big cities.

36
An Early Bird or a Night Owl?

Read the text about Kim's daily routine and fill .r,r, .,.-, o\l f,
in the gaps using phrases from the list. Some of
the phrases do not match any of the pictures . Study the examples, then underline the correct
words to complete the rule.
carch the bus, get up, hare a showe,~ hcll'e
I usual(r ~er 1111 at Jw(/'1w\·1 se,·en in ,ll(' morning.
breakfast/lunch/dinner, wa1ch TV, go IO bed, do het

l
I 11111 lll'l'cr l,ue jor xc/100/.
homework get dressed. lem•e home, finish work read
a book, go to work. go dancing Adverbs of frequency usually come before/after
the main verb, but before/after the verb "to be".

~
,<im ~
t- 1) ............... at 7:30 in the ~ .orning every L ' They tell us how often something happens.

Im a) Listen and tick the boxes. Then, make


11eekday. She gets dressed , then she eu . 2) .......
sentences, as in the example.
Laura never
goes climbing kl* * * *
~ *
~ (} ~ ~ ,&
~"
on Sundays. ~
.:;; ~ .§ :; S'
~ ~
§ §
~ ~ ~
<:, ~
~ ~
~

arrives at school at about 8:45. School starts at 9 o'clock.


I. •
4) ........................... at school at 12:30, I
:hen has a few more lessons . School finishes at 3:30 and
go to the gym

i<im goes back home. She gets home at 4 o'clock. She / ' Jt.
.
~~

I
-•-·-·

6) .......................... ..... ........ ...................... .


'
/

At about 8:30, Kim - ' - - -,


r~
: •/'
7) .............................., then •
r:. - , I-
;ii::- ~
II
she ~ ,1:.. 8) ........ .................. at about 9 o'clock.
,~x:,_ _
b) Talk about yourself. What do you never/rare(y/
sometimes/ojien/usually/ahw,1y~ do on Sundays'?
Choose phrases from the lis t below. You can
add some of your mm ideas.
Choose phrases from Ex. 9 and talk about your do the washing-up, go Jo~'ring, go to the cinema, go
daily routine. What do you do in the shopping. eat out. watch TV. go fishing, visit museums,
moming!aftemoon /e,·en ing? go climbing. go windsto:fing. meet fiiend5
37
An Early Bird or a Night Ow1?

s;m Study the table, then listen and fill in the


missing in formation. Next, make sentences, as
In pairs, as k and answer questions, as in the in the example. Finally. write about yourself.
example. Then, write a short paragraph about
your partner. PART OF
DATE MONTH YEAR TIME
DAY
Tom Friday March 1957 10:30 night
go to the swimming-pool? never 22nd
go to the theatre? every day/month/ Mary Monday July 2:00
6th
clean your room? evening, etc
Roy August 1955 afternoon
go fishing? every two/three 3rd
go out with your family? days/ Sunday, etc You
p lay computer games? sometimes
watch TV? once/twice a week/
Tom was bom on Friday the 22nd of March, in 1957,
meet your friends? month, etc at halfpast ten at night.
go shopping?

SA: How o/b1doyo11 go lo the \11·inn11i11g-poul? Fill in al. in or rm then talk about Henry's daily
SIJ: Twice a 1l'eek. routine and free-time actfrities.
SA: I lo11· often do you go lO the theatre ?
SB: Nf!1 ·er...
Tony goes 10 the s1l"i111111i11g-poo/ mfre 11 1rcek. hw he
nc, '<'r goes to t/ze 1/zeam:. ...

Number the months in the correct order.


Im Now listen and repeat.

..1.. January ..... July ..... October ..... June

..... April ····· November ..... August ..... February

..... May ..... September ..... March ..... December

Henry Jones 50 is a iarmer "It's a tiririg job,'' he says, "but


Study the rules, then fill in 0 11, in and a 1. I tke it a lot.
Every day Her.ry wakes up 1) ...... half past four 2) .... .,..
the mom~ng and milks the cows. He finishes 3) ...... .. .. ..
about half past six .iU!er that. he goes back to the farmhouse
six o'clock Friday(s) May and has breakfast, then ne feeds ilie animaJs. He has lunch
the weekend Sunday morning(s) spring/summer. etc 4) .... ... .. noon. 5) ... ... .. . two o'clock, he goes lo the fields
night 2 August the morning/ and i.rnrks there until fi\·e. 6) ..... ... ... the evening, he milks
noon 6 May, 1978 evening/afternoon the Co\·:s agam, ther: he goes back home and has a shower.
1998 He sometimes watches 'TV before he goes fo bed
T) ... ..... ... aooul nine.
We use at with the time and with the weekend, night and
8) ..... ... . Saturday afternoons, he goes to the local
noon.
playing-field to watch the viijage team play football. Henry
We use on with days of the week, the parts of a particular
likes football a lot. 9) ..... ... Sundays, Henry reh~es. "l like
day and dates.
the way I live, ' says Hemy. "Working in the open air makes
We use in with months, seasons, years and with the
me !eel goocl.'
morning/evening/afternoon.

38
An Early Bird or a Night Owl?

Pronunc1c1t1on • \ ocabuldry R "

1 ml I ,isten ~nd tkk. I .isten again and repc~,t. 1 Work in two teams. Take it in turns to choose
words from the list and make sentences. Each
, a, correct sentence gets one point. The team with
/e I I eI I oI
the most points is the winner.
this father
-
feed. catch the bus, aquarium. in the C(/iemoon. go
three both
dancing, go out with yourfamily. get up. (a) quarter to.
bath then -
go to bed. Jza~{"past. rarely. milk the cows, often. relax.
a/H'ays. meet my/i"iends. satisfied
• C mmumct1tron
ml Fill in the gaps. then listen and check. \Vntin (an article about a
FinalJy, in pairs, act out similar dialogues. celebrity's daily routine)
A: Excuse me, ....................... the time?
Use the plan
B: Sorry?
A: What ....................... is it? below and the
B: It's a quarter ....... ................ eight. information
A: Thanks. from Ex. 201
as well as the
wmg picture from
the Photo File
a) Read the dialogue and complete the questions. section, to write
rm b) Listen and check your answers . an article about
c) Whaes Annie·s daily routine'? Annie ·Franklyn.
d) In pairs, read out the dialogue. Use the text in
Ex.3 as a model.
P: Our special guest in the studio today is our local singer,
Annie Franklyn. Welcome to the show. Annie.
A: Thanks. It's great to be here.
P: Well Annie. . 1) ........ .. ..................... .. ...... ..... .. your JO . b?.
A: Yes, I like it a lot. The only bad th ing is that I don't see
my family and friends very often. I'm very busy.
Plan
P: Well, tell us about a typicaJ day in your life. 2) ....... ..... ..
Para J: name, job, feelings about the job
................. .................. ...................... .... do you get up?
A: 1 usually get up at noon because I go to bed very late
every night. I have lunch at about two.

Para 2: daily routine (what she does in the
f moming/aftemoon/evening/at night)
P: 3) What ......... ......... .................. ............. .............. then?
A: I go to the club to practise tor about two hours, then I Para 3: free-time activities (what she likes/
go home or sometimes I go shopping. I go back to the • doesn' t like doing)
club again at about eight o'clock in the evening.
Para 4: how she feels about her life
P: 4) ..................................... ................... the show start?
A: At ten o'clock, and we don't usually finish until two
o'clock in the morning.
P: 5) .. ................................................. ........ .......... ... then?
A: I go back home, read for a while, then go to bed .
P: Annie, I know you don't have much free time, but \'\lord" nf \IV, dom
6) .......................................... doing in your free time? Read the sentences. What do they mean?
A: I love going to the cinema or having dinner with
friends. I don't really like going to parties, though. • The early bird catches the worm.
P: One last question. 7) ............. satisfied with your life? • Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man
A: Oh yes. I love singing ond I enjoy my free time. healthy, wealthy and wise.
P: Annie Franklyn, thank you for joining us.
39
(
ur IJ
Look at the pictures and match
1 them to the animals in the List.
Read the texts about dolphins and penguins and:
a) find three ways that dolphins are like pengufos;
dolphin. lion, pa,m1, penguins b) explain the words in bold.

Which of them are ...


olphins are mammals. They
0 birds? 0 mammals? Dolphins are very intelligent animals.
have babies and feed them on
They can easily learn how to play games
Which of them have ... milk. Dolphins are not fish. but
and are friendly to people.
0 fur? 0 fins? 0 a tail? 0 skin? they live in water. They can swim very
well. T~ey haven't got legs. They've got . Dolphins live in warm seas in many
0 feathers ? 0 wings? 0 a mane? drfferent parts of the world. They live in
0 legs? grey. skm and a big smile. They·ve also
got.frns and atail to help them swim. Th ey ~mall groups and they eat fish. They
Which of them can ... lrve for about fifty years.
weigh from seventy to five hundred kilos.
Ofly? O rnn? Oswim?
enguins lay eggs and they've twenty kilos.
got wings. so they are like Penguins look tunny when they walk.
Im First, read these sentences,
other birds, but they can't fly! They can However. whenthey are inthewater, they
then listen and mark them as T
(true) or F (false). swim very well. though. They are black swimlike fish.
and white, and they·ve got small wings, Penguins live on the ice of Antarctica
1 Dolphins are mammals. very short legs and a short tail. They·ve and in the sea around it. They live in big
2 Dolphins live in water. also got thick feathers to keep them groups and they eat fish. They live for
3 Dolphins have got grey fur. warm in cold water. They weigh about about twenty years.

4 Dolphins eat fish.


c) Read the texts again, and answer the questions.
5 Pengu ins haven 't got wings.
1 What can dolphins do very well?
6 Penguins can fly. 2 Where do dolphins live?
3 How long do dolphins live?
7 Penguins live in Antarctica.
4 Why are penguins unusual birds?
8 Penguins live for about ten 5 What have penguins got to keep them warm?
years. 6 What do penguins eat?

40
Birds of a Feather ...

b) Which of' these animals are reptiles/mammals/


i,zsects/birds?
Read the texts again, then copy and complete the table. Crm 11dil<'s are re11tiln.
finally, talk about each animal.

I_ DOLPHINS J_ P ENGUINS
5 Read the list of words below, then label the
parts of the animals' bodies. What are the
kind of animal: mammals names of these animals?
unusual because: pmrs. feaf/ie,:<;, Jiu·. tail. heak, ears
:hey can:
they've got:
they weigh:
they live: 1
they eat:
they live for: sharp claws

/)o/phi11s are 11w111111a/,. ...


wings

black stripes

• \ )I 1h11 111 \

a) Match the names of the animals to the


pictures. Close your books and say the names
of as many animals as you can remember. /
3 .............. .. .... .
a. crocodile. b. butte,.fZr. c. monkey. d. hm:~·e.
e. rooster, f. snake. g. cow. h. dog. i. cat 4 ................ .... .

6 ................... . - ,.,.. front legs

pouch

Choose words from the Ust lo fill in the gaps,


then use them to make sentences.
s ....... 6 """'
lay. short. intelligent. keep, lull'e. hig. warm, look, p(IJ1s,

ti._,,
.~--~
thick
1 ...................... animals 6 ............... of the world
2 ..................... feathers 7 to ............ them warm
3 a ........................... tail 8 to ..................... funny
4 a ....................... smile 9 to ....................... eggs
J,• I
7 .......
ii n' 9 .......
5 in ....................... seas 10 to ................... babies

41
Birds of a Feather...

7 Fill in the missing prepositions.


Write the names of these animals and their
young under the pictures. Then, make sentence
1 Dolphins feed their babies ............. milk. as in lbe example.
2 They weigh ............. 70 ............. 500 kilos.
3 Dolphins are friendly ........ ..... people. cat. c:lzick.s. dog. ducklings. duck. kittens, puppies, he,
4 They live ............. warm seas.
5 They live ............. about fifty years.
6 Penguins live ............. the ice ........... .. Antarctica.
7 They live ......... .. .. big groups.

ml Listen to the animal noises and tick (.I) the


animals you can hear. Which of them are wild
animals and which are farm animals'? Finally.
write sentences as in the example. 1 ...cat... 2 .. .ldttens ... 3 4 .. .. .. ...... ..
I cw1 hem· a hen. Hens are (arm animals.
I can 't hrnr a crocodile. Crocodiles are 11·ild animals.

a hen 0 a crocodi le ....J a horse :l a monkey .J


a lion .J a tiger U a parrot ....J a kangaroo ..I
a cow O a snake O a sheep .J a penguin .J

Read the text about koalas and underline the 5 .. .. .. ........ 6 ..... ......... 7 ........ .. .... 8 .. ........... .
correct word. Then, answer the questions.
.·1 cat has kittens.
1 What can koalas do?
2 What do they look like?
3 Where do they live?
4 How long do they live? Ou1z
First, read the statements and mark them as
T (true) or F (false).
~ alas are 1) mammals/fish ml Then, listen and check your answers.
and, like dolphins, they have
babies and feed them on
2) water/milk. Mothers carry 1 Snakes can't hear. ... T... ·············
their young in a small pouch 2 Dolphins are about 1-4
for the first six months of their metres long. ············· ·············
lives. Koalas can 3) fly/climb 3 Snakes lay eggs. ............. ······ ·······
very well. They can swim very 4 Chimpanzees weigh
well, too. They have got thick, 45-80 kilos. ............. ·············
4) grey/black fur and a big,
black nose. They've also got
5 Lions sleep for 5 hours a day. ············· .............
very sharp 5) paws/claws. 6 Sea lions live in small
Koalas live and sleep in the groups. .. ... ...... .. ·············
tops of eucalyptus trees in 7 Penguins· eggs are black. ············· ·············
eastern 6)Australia/America. 8 Eagles can't see well. ············: ·············
They live alone and eat euca- 9 Elephants can live for about
lyptus leaves. Koalas live for 60 years. ············· ·············
about 7) fifteen/fifty years. 10 Penguins can be under
the water for 18 minutes. ............. ·············

42
Birds of a Feather. ..

• 1111 I 11

\\ tI I (Project)

Look at the questions and match them to the Look at the pictures and the information about
answers . these animals and ask and answer questions, as
in the example. Then, write fact files about
tigers and sea lions. Use the text in Ex. 13 as a
model. Decorate your project with pictures from
the Photo File section.
S /: What if> this a11i111af?
Y!: It\ " rb;er. How much does it 11·eigh '!
S3: ft 11·ei~h, ahow 200 kilos. l'Hwt does it eat ?...

.
WHAT is this animal? I _on the plains in /lfrica and India. _
WHERE does it live? - About 3.3 metres.
WHEN does it sleep? L - :. . . A_e_,e
n _p_ :. ha_n_
t. _ _ _ __
WHY can it walk lonQ___ \ - At night ,A, t ~~
• distances? __ _ _ _ ___ ... this animal? tiger
1 HOW long is its trunk? _L-~F-.:o~
. u:_r._ _ _ _ _ __ ... weigh?
about 200 kilos
.. .eat?
: HOW tall is it? . _l - Because it has got strong legs: deer and monkeys
... sleep?
• HOW much does it weiQh?l - About 3. 1 m_e_
tre_s_.- - - during the day
.. .Jive?
I-
: HOW many legs has lt got? Abovt 60 y_ea_rs_
.. - - - - .. .live?
forests in India
about 15 years
• HOW long does it live? I - About 4.000 kilos.

Read the text, then, in pairs,ask and


answer ques tions, as in tJ1e table
above.
SA: What is this animal?
SB: It's a kangaroo. ...

Kangaroos are mammals. They have babies and feed them


on milk. They live in Australia. They are about two metres tall
and weigh about sixty kilos. Kangaroos have got two back
legs, two short front legs and a long tail. They can jump very fish
high because their back legs are very strong. They sleep ...eat? swim very well
during the day and they eat leaves. Kangaroos carry their ... can/do? the Paciii.c Ocean
oabies in a pouch. They live in small groups. They live for ... live? about 15 years
about fifteen to twenty years. ...live?

43
Birds of a Feather ...

II ( • H .,mrn 11 I , Jll .,, , n

Study the colours and sizes, then read the Fill in the table with
SINGULAR P LURAL
examples. Finally, in pairs, ask and answer words from the list.
questions about the animals, as in the example. geese
mouse
deer. .fish goose, ox
Colours mice. oxen. sheep s heep
deer
white grey pink fish
,rh'mwn..
· - r ,1 .. green

What are the plurals of these words?


yellow - : . : pu,ple
man .................. child ................. .
Sizes ,~·on ran penon

• " J
-,I llc-:JI
In pairs, ask and answer questions about the
animals below. as in the example.
SA: 'What is this animal?
SB:Jt's a mouse. Have mice got wings?
SA:No. mice haven ·r got wings.

What is this animal? It's a cow.


What colour is it? Jr:~ brown.
How big is it? It's very big.
How long are its ears? They 're quite short.
How long is its tail? It's ,,ery long. 1 have/got 2 can/run? 3 have/got
wings? short legs?
~

4 have/got 5 can/fly? 6 have/got


whiskers? fur?

Work in two teams. Take it in turns to choose


words from the list and make sentences. Each
correct sentence gets one point. The team with
the most points is the winner.
Jiu: skin. a·ings. 1,1,·eigh. intelligent. feathers, what,
pouch. reptiles. mammals~ insects. paws. feed, where,
sha,p claH-'S. trunk whiske,:s·, how big, how long

44
Birds of a Feather ...

Rose has got two pet rabbits and her friend Ron is rA1 Read the table, then listen and fill in the
asking her questions about them. Match Ron's gaps. Finally, look at your notes and talk about
questions to Rose's answers, then act out the each animal.
dialogue.

1 What are their


Lettuce and
names?
carrots.
B (Hansel
and Gretel.) Hansel and
2 How old are Gretel.
they? One year old.
3 What do they In a big cage. kind of mammals mammals
eat? animal:
Two or three
~ When do you times a week.
feed them? they can: hunt at night learn very easily

5 they've light brown fur ........... or brown fur


got: and a long ........... and very long arms
6 (male lions have
got a big mane)

they live: on the hot plains in African .......... .


of ......... ..

they eat zebras and other fruit and vegetables


Im Listen and tick. Lis ten again and repeat.
animals (favourite food -
bananas)
Ie I I 3: I IsI I 3; I
bed head they live about 12 to about ........... to 45
for: ... years years
bird ten
herd turn

t (descriptions of animals)

Your teacher has asked you to write two short texts


1i1D Read the dialogue, then listen and (50 - 80 words each) about lions and chimpanzees.
fill in the missing words. Close your Use the information from Ex. 21 and the pictures
books and, in pairs, act out the from the Photo F ile section to write about these
diaJogue. wild animals. Use the texts in Ex. 3 as models.

Tom: ................. your dog's name?


Sally: Lady.
\ ~ om
Tom: What ................. of dog is it? Read these sentences. What do they mean'?
Sally: It's a collie.
Tom: Is it a male or a female?
• Birds of a feather flock together.
Sally: It's a ................. .
• While the cat's away, the mice will play.
Tom: ................. is she? • Big fish eat little fish .
Sally: She's ................. old. • Curiosity killed the cat.

45
I
Are you okay
David ! Help! I can't swim
very well. The water's cold
and I'm scared!
The Loch Ness Monster - Episode 2

Look at the pictures on p. 46 and The adjectives in the list describe how each person feels. Label
answer the questions . the pictures with the correct adjectives. Then, say how David,
Sandra and Mike feel in each picture.
1 Where is Sandra in the first picture?
2 Who saves Sandra?
scared. swprised, tired, an.g,y. happy. upset
3 How does Sandra feel in the third a. Mike is surprised.
picture?
4 What is in the envelope?
5 Whose face is it in the photographs?

ml Listen to the episode. Wbo


says the following'! Write D for
David, ~ for Sandra or :\ r for Mike.
b
,.,.
.. .... ....... ... ....... .. C ... . . . . ....... ..... .. .. ..

1 "I 'm scared !" ............


2 "Just take my hand!" ············
3 "We're safe now. " ............
4 "That's interesting!" ·· ··········

Fill in the opposites: big, short. or


warm . d ... ....... .............. . e ....... ............. .... . f ........................ .
1 cold ":/: ............ 3 small;,: ...........
2 long :;t ..... .. . .. . . 6 a) Read the episode and find se1 ·e11 imperatives and six questions.
ml b) Listen and follow the episode on p. 46. Finally, act out
4 Read the episode and mark the the episode.
correct sentences with Yes and the
incorrect ones with No. Then , make 7 This is a summary of the two episodes. There are four mistakes
in it. Read the text, find the mistakes and correct them.
sentences as in the example.
,\o. it ha\11 ·,. 11,e 111011.\lt'r ha., ~(}( a tn the offices of The Morning Sun , Mike, the editor, asks David and
small head. Sandra to write a story about the Loch Ness monster. David and Sandra
go to the loch by bus. They hire a boat. David sees the monster and
1 The monster 3 The monster's takes photographs of it. The monster is small. Sandra falls into the water
has got a big name Is and David saves her. David telephones Mike and tells him about the
head . .. .Xo... Nessie . .......... accident. Mike is happy because he thinks they have got photographs
2 The water is 4 The monster of the monster. Unfortunately, there is no monster in the photographs.
warm . .......... . has got a short
They are all photographs of David's face.
neck . .......... .

Loch Ness Read the short text and fill in the gaps with words from the
list. What is the name of the castle?
lake, monster. long. dark, trees, visit
Loch Ness is a big lake in Scotland. It is in the Scottish Highlands. It
is twenty-three miles 1) .. ... .. ..... ...... ... and one mile wide. It's a very
deep 2} ..................... . The water is 3} ....................... and cold.
People believe that a 4) ......................... lives in the waters of Loch
Ness. They call this monster Nessie. There are many stories from
people about Nessie. There are lots of 5) ............... .... .... by the lake.
There is also a castle called Urquhart Castle. A lot of tourists 6) ........ ..
Loch Ness every year. They all hope to see Nessie.

47
UNIT 7

Lead-in
1 In which card is the weather ...
1 cold, cloudy and windy?
2 freezing cold and snowy?
3 hot and sunny?
4 warm and sunny?

2 Label the cards with the names


of the seasons: summer, winter,
spring or autumn. Then, ask
and answer questions,
as in the example.
Sl: I fhar's Lh-= 1,·etuha- like. ills,.~
S~li-1s 1,u1111 and sw111y in sp •
..
., Murd.1 t:l.JJ:S'\.: seUL'\:-lL "Sl 1
')
C~ll"l.1S. 'L\ \'\J uf Ll.LCH.lli OJ

l
Read these postcards and underline the sentences which
describe the people's clothes in each picture.
Then, answer the questions.

1 What is the weather like in Warsaw. London and Sydney?


2 What arc Tom's children doing?
3 What are Tracy"s children doing?
.t What arc Pamela·s family doing?
0
oear sally,
ear to all of you. You
A Happy. New Y Id it is in warsaw! It
can't imagine ho~ co ci y so the children
is snowing heav_11y t~v a j'ackets and gloves
I Sally Jonef:5
12 Swan St
are wearing their he {hey are making a
~on SW1 40:_
to keep them warmk at t he moment.
snowman in the par ~ -
Hope to see you soon.
sest wishes,
Tom

Dear Mum and Dad,

Greetings from London. It's windy today


and it is raining. The children are in their
pyjamas in the living-room. They are very
n
Mr & Mrg John!3on
happy as they are decorating the Christmas
2 Via Torino
tree at the moment.
we miss you a lot. Rome
Italy
Love,
Tracy
©
Dear Aunt Bessie I

Season's greetin s
weather is fantasti~ to~aom Sydney. The
the beach. It's ver y and we are on
shining, so we ar/ aio~ and the . sun is
costumes. Mum O d m .our swimming
are making a s~nc1:a;tleShe1/a and Frank
of people on the b h . There are a lot
. eac today E
swimming and e . . · veryone is
Come and see Yl)oymg th e good weather
us soon/ ·
Lots of love
Pamela '

Read the postcards again and make notes about each under these headings: city-weather-clothes-activities. Then,
look at your notes and talk about each person, as in the example. Tom is in Warsaw. It's very cold there and it is snowing ...
49
Come Rain or Shine

Ldngudge Development
• \ o .. b ,I Study the table, then complete the rule.

8 Choose words from the list to fill in the gaps, t [ :. , 5.i.t\: :.


""' -
then use them to make sentences.
miss, keep, 1nake, season 's, heavy, decorate. enjoy
1 to ............................. the 4 ....... .. .. .. ......... greetings you you
Christmas tree 5 .............. ............ jackets he he }
2 We ............... you a lot.
3 to ............................ the
6 to .. ........ .... a snowman
7 to ... ........... them warm
she
it } p laying she
it
isn't playing

good weather
we}
you we } aren t
you
Fill in on. in. at. of or from . they they

1 ......... Warsaw; 2 ......... the park ; 3 ......... the moment; To form the present continuous we use the verb "to be"
4 Greetings ......... London ; 5 ......... their pyjamas;
and add ............... to the base form of the main verb.
6 ....... .. the beach ; 7 Lots ......... love
We use the present continuous for actions happening
Look at today's international weather chart. Ask now, at the moment of speaking. We use this tense
and answer questions, as in the example. with now, at present and at the moment.
Sl: What's the weather like in Cairo today? She's playing football now.
S2: It's warm and sunny. Sha Isn't eating an ice-cream at the moment
Sl: What's the temperature in Cairo today?
S2: It's 25°C. / It's 77°F. Read the texts in Ex. 7 again and fill in the -ing
form of the verbs in the table below, then
E®t®tl ~ ~ complete the rules.
~~ ~ o.. _ =cloudy ~ windy

~ rainy = sunny ~ = snowy


freezing
'•' cold chiUy cool warm 1101 boiling
snow
wear
swim
make
cold hot rain decorate .........................
I I I enjoy .............. .......... .... . shine ........................... ..
-s·c123·F 5' C/41"F 10' C'50' F 15'C'59'F 2s·c n 'F 3o·c.ae·F 35' C.· 95' f
• Most verbs take -Ing after the base form of the
• ·c:degrees Celsius • ·F: degrees Fahrenha,~
main verb.
F • Verbs ending in one stressed vowel and a
"'-
,-tNo,1
~
C
-F ,.--.~ ...£.
~-!ti-... 5 consonant double the consonant and take .......... .
Cairo ~., v,.·
f 25 77 Paris
~t
41
• Verbs ending in -e drop the e and tak.e ........... .
~~ <{2?..)
Prague
London ~ 10 50 .5 23
Complete the short answers in this table.
~~
~
Madrid 5 41 Rome (S-~-..,
,J.J../J
15 59
;1,.,.,,
Manila t\.,,,,..,l:
"'"''t. 30 86 Singapore ~ 1: 35 95
"1--.,~z,.,-
Am 1 Yes, I am ./No, I'm not.
Are you
I playing?
Yes, you are./. No, .............. .
he Yes, ................ /No, he isn't.
Which of the activities in the list can you do Is she playing? Yes, she is./No, ....................
when it is : snowy? hot and sunny? cold and rainy? it Yes, it is./No, ....................... .
go to the beach, make a snowman, go on a picnic. we Yes, ............. ./No, we aren't.
Are you playing? Yes, you are./No, .................
watch TV, go swimming, sunbathe. read a hook, ski
they Yes, they are./No, .............. ..
H 71£'11 it i, )twu} you cw1 \ki or make a moama11.
50
Come Rain or Shin e

Look at the picture and correct the sentences, as


in the exampl e.

1 Patty is swimming.
Wt'Ong' Patty isn i .rnimming. She\ m11h111hin~
2 Sue and Molly are playing tennis.
3 Ann is sleeping . "I~ Britain the weather is often
4 Tony is listening to music. rainy, but in winter it's also very
5 Jim and Ian are reading a book. cold a~d windy. In autumn and
~pnng it can be quite windy but
ml First, listen to the sounds and tick (v"') what its n~t very cold. Summer can
you hear, then ask and answer questions, as in be qu,te warm but it can also be
the example. cloudy. I like spring a lot
because the trees are green and
SJ: Is Tony watching TV? there are lots of flowers. I often
S2: No, he isn't. He's playing tennis. go for walks in the park, then. "
Karen ~ ·
1 Tony: watch TV D play tennis [Z]
~
2 Stella: drive a car D have a shower D
3 Bob & Keith: swim D sleep D 0 · Th winter isn't very cold. In
"Brazil has a warm climate. e · In summer it's
d t n it is warm but rainy.
4 They: listen to music D play computer games D spring an au urn ' Sometimes, it rains
James: ride a horse D nearly always hot and sun:s out again! Summer is
5 ride a motorbike D suddenly ~nd then
th
fi5un ~~imming and sunbathing at
6 She: play the guitar D play the piano D my favourite season. ove ,,
They: walk run the beach . We have lots of tun there. .
7 D D Miguel

• 9
cm a) Listen to the weather descriptions and "In Finland_the weather is very cold in the winter and
very warm in the summer. The winter ls very long and
match them to the pictures.
there are da~s when the sun doesn't appear at all.
b) Read the texts and say which season each The summer is short, but it's warm, because the days
person likes most, and why. Finally, ta lk are so long. The sun shines all day and night for most
about the seasons in your coun try. of the summer. I like winter the best because there is
always snow and I often go skiing. "
Anita
!ill
\\ •trn (Project)
Write a shor t paragraph about the different
season s in your coun try. Write which is your
favourite season and what you like doing then.
Use the texts in Ex. 17 as models.
51
Come Ra in or Shine

a) Look at the pictures and the names of the clothes. Use words from the list to fill in the gaps.
hat; shorts, tie, trousers, skirt, blouse
b) ml Listen and number the pictures as the designer describes each one. Then, look at the pictures and
describe each person's clothes.

C ....... .... .. e cap


shirt
jacket
dress
a ............ . T-shirt

f
soc
suit
trainers
.• · . : :~. :- .. .boots
....,· ..
..
~ '· .
, .' " .
41.,: !Jenr

shirt
jacket
jeans
d .............

shoes sandals


Choose a student in your class and Look at the pictures, then read the dialogue. In pairs, act out
describe his/her clothes. The first similar dialogues, using the prompts below and the words in
person to guess who you are the pictures.
describing goes next. dress. skirt. jumper. shirt. shoes, suit
TOO...
S,J: JI 'lw1 do
"=
' ,~.-
P onunc at,on
Ila Listen and tick. Listen again
-(~~
~r. - , M small
,;_,, you think
<f1his
skirt?
and repeat. Fi ~ ~ SB: Well. I
short - - ~
,.J_ ' think it'.\·
I nI / D/
too sho11.
wearing
S , l: What ahow
rain
these shoes'!
making SB: ()It 11().1
shine They're too
fishing @]Jensive.
run

52
Come Rain or Shine

Im Read the dialogue and fill in the gaps.


Study the examples, then complete the rules. Then, listen and check. Finally, act out similar
dialogues about the other clothes you can see in
the pictures.

John usually wears Jeans and T-shirts.


John's wearing a suit and tie today. A: 1) .................. I help
you?
We use ...................................... to talk about habits B: Yes, 2) ................. .
and daily routines. I'm looking for a
jumper.
We use .................................. to talk about actions
happening now, at the moment of speaking. A: What colour
3) ............. you like?
B: Yellow.
ml Listen to the dialogue and repeat~ Then, use A: 4) .............. you are.
the prompts to act out similar dialogues. B: Can I try it on,
please?
Look at Pam! A: Yes, of course.

(a postcard)
Use the plan below to write a postcard to a
friend (40-60 words). Use the postcards in Ex.7
as models.

Plan
Dear + (y_our friend's J irst name)
Greetings from ...
• John / shirt and tie / jumpers • Say where you are
• Ellen / shorts / long skirts • Say what the weather is like
• Tim / jeans and trainers / a suit • Say what clothes you are wearing
• Donna / trousers / dresses • Say what you are doing now
See you soon.
Lots of love,
(your first name)

Work in two teams. Take it in turns to choose


words from the list and make sentences. Each
correct sentence gets one point. The team with
the most points is the \linner. Read these sentences. What do they mean?
jacket, snoiry, boiling hot, what about. hot, enjoy, • Come rain or shine.
feezing cold. weathe,: cloudy. too tight. too long. • March comes in like a lion and goes out like a lamb.
sunbathing, temperature. season • Clothes make the man.

53
UNIT 8
pear

'
orange juice milk

L tt
1 Look at the pictures and answer
the questions below.
a Which of the foods/drinks do you
like/not like?
b Which are vegetab les/meat/fruit/
sweets?
c When do you eat breakfast/lunch/ pepper
dinner?
d How often do you eat fruit/sweets/
vegetables/meat?
e Which of the foods/drinks can you
have for breakfast/dessert/a light
meal /a traditional English breakfast?

Ill Read the sentences, then listen


and match the numbers to the letters.
1 The new family a costs about £25.
restaurant b from eleven in the
2 The food is morning till eleven
3 A meal for two in the evening.
4 The service C is on Bridge Street.

5 Laura 's is open d very well cooked.


e is excellent.

pasta roast chicken


54
Enjoy your Meal

R
Read the text again and complete the table, then
Read the text and: a) find any foods included in talk about Laura ~<.. Start like this:
the pictures on p. s.i; b) answer the questions / 1111r11 \ i, a new jt1111i~r n'\lm 1r11 111 0 11 Bridp.c S1rel'f ...
below: c) explain the words in bold.
Name/Type: Laura's/family restaurant
1 What is the name of the new restaurant?
2 What dishes can you have there?
Location:
3 What can you have for dessert? Main Course/Dishes:
4 What time does the restaurant open and close? Desserts:
Cost:
Service:
Opening hours:
Recommendation:

Lcu1 uaq Oev lopm t



Choose words from the list to fill in the gaps,
then use them to make sentences.
roast. apple. don 't miss. helpfii!, home-made, tasty,
book. tomcao. pepper. special
1 ......................... steak 6 ..................... chicken
2 ........................ sauce 7 ........................ bread
3 ................... .......... pie 8 ....................... dishes
4 ................. ice-cream 9 to ....... ............ a table
5 ...................... waiters 10 ............... the chance

Complete the sentences with words from the list.


knife. fork. plate. Jjying-pan. spoon

1 We eat soup with a

2 We serve food on a
_)
3 We cut food with a , ~

4 We pick up food with a

5 We fry eggs in a

55
Enjoy your Meal

Study the table, then complete the spelling rules. We can use countable and uncountable nouns after
phrases of quantity such as: slice, bottle, glass, packet,
kilo, loaf, cup, carton, piece + of.

a) Fill in the correct words from the list.


SINGULAR PLURAL Some nouns ending in -f or -fe
drop the -f and take ................ slice, bottle, glass, packet, bowl, loaf, cup, carton,
loaf - loaves piece
to form their plural.
cherry - cherries
Nouns ending in a consonant
boy - boys
tomato - tomatoes
+ y, drop the -y and take ...... .

'
Nouns ending in a vowel + y
take -s.
1 a bottle of wine 2 a .............. of
bread
Some nouns ending in -o take

3 a .............. of cheese
Write the plural forms of the words below.
1 potato 2 knife 3 strawberry 4 leaf 5 key
4 I . . . ....
:;--
of wine 5 a ............ of crisps

• Countable nouns are those which we can count. 6 a -....-- .............. of milk 7 a ....._.it-4"9 ....... .. . ... . of
They have singular and plural forms. 1/2/3/4 apples bread
• Uncountable nouns are those which we cannot
count. They have only singular forms.
some meat/sugar, etc
• A/An is only used with countable nouns in the
singular. a tomato/an egg (NOT: a sE:lgar,
• Some is used with either countable nouns in the plural
or uncountable nouns. some bread/same biscuits b) Match these nouns to the words in the list in
Ex. 9a.
First, say which nouns are countable and which Coke, flour, cake, juice, water, tea, cereal, sugar
are uncountable, then fill in a/an or some.

t~;;;~~~~~ @,.!~; ;
Ill Listen to the dialogues and repeat. Then,
- / ~ ................. ...
-,_c,f
use the prompts below to act out similar
':fiJ) honey dialogues.

A: I'm thirsty. Is there anything to drink?


rice ·" coffee cherries B: Would you like some orange juice?
A: No, thanks. I don't like orange juice.
B: How about some Coke?
A: Oh, yes, please! I'd love some Cokel
egg ham sugar
A: I'm hungry. Is there anything to eat?
Flo..,. Ii.:·"'·'... "·"•• B: Would you like a ham sandwich?
A: No, thanks. I don't like ham.
~ our sandwich butter
B: How about a cheese sandwich?
e e A: Oh, yes, please! I'd love a cheese sandwich!

~ water
l.t->·
salt
It.\ pepper


coffee I tea
beer I mineral water


spaghetti I soup
chips I hamburger
56
Enjoy your Meal

We use some in the affirmative. We also use ............ .


in the interrogative form for offers or requests.
Study the examples and complete the rules, then We use ... ...................................... in the negative and
interrogative form.
use the prompts to act out similar dialogues.
SA: How much milk do you need? • orange juice - coffee - biscuits
• cheese - ham - bread
S/J: Ju.,t a Iii/le.
• bananas - strawberries - sugar
S,1-I: /fow many rn1rot\ dn ynu need?
SB: .!wt a.few.
Ill Listen to the dialogue and: a) fiJI in the
Ne use ......... and .......... with uncountable nouns. missing words; b) say what the speaker says to
Ne use ...... ..... and ............ with countable nouns. accept the offer and what he says to refuse the
offer; c) use the prompts to act out similar
ham, onions, flour, peppers, tomatoes, olives,
bacon, cheese, bread, bananas, coconuts dialogues.

Ill Julie is ma.king a shopping list for a dinner


party. Look at the shopping list, then listen and
tick (v") the things she needs and cross out the
things she doesn't need. Finally, ask and answer
questions, as in the example.
Sl: How much meat does she need?
S2: She needs two ki.los of meat. How many eggs
does she need?
S3: She doesn't need any eggs. ...

Shopping List
2 ki/of3 of meat .I
--UJ 8'1J~tj
1 kilo of cheese
20 s/lces of ham
2 loaves of bread
1 kilo of tomatoes • orange juice, chocolate • wine, chips
2 packets of flour • milk, biscuits • lemon juice, cherries
3 bottles of Coke
1 carton of orange Julee Correct the mistakes.
8 bananas
1 I'd like ~ e banana please. .....a ....
2 I'm thirsty. I'd like a water.
3 Can I have any bread, please?
4 I'm hungry. I like a hamburger.
Study the dialogue below and: a) complete the
5 Would you like some tea? Yes, I love some.
roles; b) say which question expresses an offer 6 Do you like a cup of tea? Yes, please.
and which expresses a request; c) use the prompts 7 I'd like some sugars in my tea.
to act out similar dialogues. 8 How many honey do you need?
SA: ls there any milk in the _ti-id~<.<' 9 Could I have a butter please?
SB: 1\'o, I'm c~/j-aid rlwre isn ·, any 111ilk. Would _mu 10 "Would you like some milk in your tea?"
"Just a few, please."
like some Coke in.rn:ad? 11 I'd like eggs but I don't like bacon.
)/1: Yes. please. /'ti /urt.! some. ( an I ha1·e some i<'e ,,,u? 12 How many wine is there in the fridge?
SB: >'es. of' mur<,c'. 13 How much oranges do we need?

57
Enjoy your Meal

• \\ rt n (Project)
ma a) Read the sentences, then listen and mark them as T Look at the Photo .File section
(true) or F (false) . and complete the article about
1 Brazilians don 't like eating with their friends. .............. .. people's eating habits in Britain.
2 Filipinos eat with a fork and a spoon. .. ..............
3 Finns like drinking wine. ........... .....
b) Read the texts and explain the words in bold. Then, read
questions 1 to 8 and the texts again to answer the questions,
as in the example. Finally, talk about people's eating habi ts in
your country. ml Listen to the dialogue, then
look at the men u and act out
In which country/countries do they: similar dialogues.

1 drink lots of coffee? [Kl 6 usually eat dinner with D D


2 like sausages? D their families? t'~-
r
.• ·-
-,' )
I . • I.• •,
·• , ' ,• •:.'
\
~
...
3 eat rice with every meal?D 7 sometimes eat with their D >...,;

4 not eat in the street? D hands? Hamburger El.60


5 make very good beer? D D 8 never eat with their hands? D Fish and chips £2.75
Cheese sandwich £1.20
Orinl,s
Coffee 85p
A BRAZIL eating soup, meat, vegetables and a lot Tea 70p
of different sauces. In some parts of the Hot chocolale 95p
Whether at country, they make wine. Coke (medium) 80p
home or in a Families usually eat together and they
restaurant, like to invite people to eat with them. (rt.\ji5
Brazilians like Filipinos eat with a fork and a spoon. or Small packet 35p
eating with their
friends and family.
They never eat lunch at the office
with their hands. It's polite to leave a
little food on the plate at the end of a
meal.
Large packet
h1' (rnm1
70p
£7.80 t
and they have dinner very late - at
about ten o'clock at night. C FINLAND
Brazilians like small cups of strong
There are a lot of dif-
SA: Can I have a hamburger, please?
coffee, at any time of the day. As well
as many different fruit drinks, Brazilians ferent Finnish dishes, SB: Yes, here you are.
also make very good beer. They don't suclJ._as smoked SA: Thanks. How much is it?
eat in the street or on the bus, and they fish and hot SB: It's one pound sixty. Anything else?
never eat with their hands. They always soups, but fast SA: No, thanks.
use a knife and fork to eat, even for food such as
pizza or sandwiches. pizza and sausages
British money:
are also very popular. In the streets
£1 = one pound
B THE PHILIPPINES there are stalls which sell sausages,
£1.80 = one pound eighty
Finland's favourite food. Finns like
Many Filipinos have 75p = seventy-five pence
drinking beer. They make excellent
three meals a beer.
day with two During the week, most families
snacks in don't usually have dinner together.
between. Sometimes at the weekends they eat 1 pound
Rice is a part of with their friends. They cook meals
every meal - they even make desserts together, or each person makes and
with rice and coconut milk. Filipinos like brings a part of the meal.

58
Enjoy your Meal

ml Read the dialogue and fill in the missing


words, then listen and check. Listen again and
follow the text, m1 Listen and tick. Listen again and repeat.
then read out the ;,- '-..
dialogues. /s/ /z/ /lz/ Isl / z/ /JZ/
cakes sandwiches
W: Good evening , sir. loaves cherries
Table for two? glasses carrots
M: Yes, please.
W: This way, please. ;g Listen and underline the correct items in bold
L: Thank you. /
in the table below. Then, use the notes to talk
W: 1) ............... ............
you like to look at about the restaurant.
the menu?
Name: The Blue Lagoon
•••••
W: May I take yo ur Type: Chinese / Hawaiian
order, please? Location: Long/Short Street
M: Yes. To start w ith I 2) .................... the tomato soup.
Main Course/Dishes: fresh fish/meat dishes,Hawaiian
L: Tomato soup for me, too, please.
burgers with pineapple
W: Certainly. And for the main course?
M: I'd like the grilled fish. Desserts: coconut ice-cream/milk, fried
L: And the roast chicken for me, please . bananas in honey
W: I'm sorry, madam. There's no more roast chicken Cost: £50/ £30 for two people
tonight.
L: Oh. 3} .... ............... ... .. .... I have a pepper steak, then? Service: excellent
W: Of course. 4) ............... . you like something to drink? Opening hours: 2 pm - 10 pm/ 12 am
L: Just 5) .................. ......... ....................... water, please.
Recommendation: very nice restaurant tor the
W: Very well. Would you like to order your dessert, now?
whole family, book a table
M: Yes. 16) ................................... ............. the apple pie.
L: Have you got 7) ........ ................. ..... ...... strawberries?
W: I'm sorry, we haven't. Would you like something else t (an advertisement for a
instead?
L: Just some ice-cream , please.
restaurant)
••••• Use the plan below and the information from
L: How is your fi sh? Ex. 21 to complete the advertisement for The
M: Delicious. 8) .................... about the steak?
Blue Lagoon in the Photo File section.
L: A bit tough, but the sauce is nice.
••••• Plan
W: Is everything all right?
L: Yes, thank you. Para 1: name of restaurant, type & location
M: 9) .................... we have the bill, please?
W: Of course, sir. One moment ... '
Para 2: dishes & desserts

Para 3: cost, service and opening hours

Work in teams. Take it in turns to choose
'
Para 4: recommendation

words/phrases from the Hst and make sentences.


Each correct sentence gets one point. The team
with the most points is the winner.
Read these sentences. What do they mean?
how much., delicious. dessert. how many, helpful
waite1:s·, home-made. hai ·e dinner, lunch, cut food, • Man cannot live by bread alone.
• Eat to live, not live to eat.
choose from, J'd like. any, something else, tough
• You can't make an omelette without breaking eggs.
steak
59
Self-Assessment 2 (Units J-~)
6 Chimpanzees weigh ............... 35 to 60 kilos.
(.. \lo.ca.bul.1ry 7 Grandma is .. .......... the kitchen ......... .... the moment
(7 marks)
1 Underline the correct word or phrase.
a) Use numbers to write the time.
1 Mary is a(n) early bird/night owl. She gets up at 5
o'clock every morning. 1 seven o'clock -)
.. .7'00 ....
2 Snakes are mammals/reptiles and they lay eggs. 2 eight forty-five ...............
3 Ron's job is very tiring/boring because he works 3 ten thirty ...............
long hours. 4 a quarter past two ···············
4 Penguins have got thick fins/feathers to keep them 5 eleven twenty -+ ............... (5 marks)
warm.
5 We always wear heavy jackets/hats when we go
skiing . b) Look at the dock<; below, and, in pairs, ask and
6 Cherries are my favourite fruit/vegetables. answer questions, as in the example.
7 Use a spoon/fork to eat your soup.
8 John trains dolphins. He works at a(n) gym/aquarium.
9 When it is hot and snowy/sunny, we usually spend
the day at the beach.
10 Sandy is really happy/bored with her new job. She
likes it a lot.
11 Carol doesn 't have any free time during/at the week.
12 Tigers are wild/farm animals. They belong to the cat
S-1: 117,m rime i!> it?
family. (1 2 marks) .\B: Ir\ tll'e111y to fin:!. (4 marks)

Use the words below to fill in the gaps . \.. G'1-..-3. 11l l11ar
7 canon, loaf, long, chance, hours, decorate. books. a) Use the verbs in the list to fill in the gaps.
home-made, rainy, funny
eat, are, live, weigh, have got,
1 Doctors often work long ......................................... . hal'e, live f01; swim
2 This restaurant serves .............................. apple pie.
3 It's a great film . Don't miss the .......... ... ................... .
to see it!
4 I would like a ...... ............................. of milk, please.
5 We usually ........... ....................... the Christmas tree
a week before Christmas.
6 I like pengu ins a lot. They look very ..... .................. ..
when they walk.
7 Could I have a ............................. of bread, please?
8 My father always .... ..... ........................ a table at the
Italian restaurant on Sundays.
9 I can't wear these trousers - they're too .............. .
10 The weather in Britain is often ....... ......... .... ............ .
(10 marks)

Use the prepos itions below to fill in the gaps.


fo,~ of, with, on, to, from, at, in Blue whales (1 ) ...................... ... huge mammals. They
(2) ......................... babies and feed them on milk. They
1 Steven and Jo aren't satisfied ............ ... their new (3) ................................. in oceans all around the world
house. and they (4) ......................... plankton - tiny animals and
2 My father never goes .......... .... bed before 12 o'clock. plants that live in the sea. Blue whales can (5) .. .. ........... ..
3 I love going ............... long walks in spring. very fast. They (6) ..................... up to 150,000 kilos! They
4 Cows feed their babies ............ ... milk. (7) ...................... .. .. a very big tail and small fins. Blue
5 My mother is afraid ............... spiders. whales (8) ..................... ..... about 80 years.
(8 marks)

60
Module Self-Assessment 2 (Unils 5-8)
"> I.
b) Put the words in the correct order to form .... [ ""\l?2. L1lll()
questions, as in the example. 8 Read the text below and answer the questions.
1 is/animal/this/what?
What is this animal? sarah Miles, 25, is a cool<. "I like my job a lot
2 they/live/where/do? because I love cooking. It is tiring, though, as I work
f rom ten o'clock until eight every day," she say~.
3 do/they/what/eat?
sarah is not an early bird. Her day starts at ~ine
•clock. she gets up, has a shower and then drives
0
to work. she arrives at the restaurant at ten
4 can/what/they/do? o' clock then she starts making the salads and
desserts. At half past eleven, she ~as_ a break for
5 they/how much/weigh/do? lunch, then from twelve o'clock until five, she cooks
for the customers. After that, she cleans the
6 small fins/have/ got/they? kitchen. she finishes work at eight o'clock, .then she
meets her f riencls. They usually g? to the cinema or
7 live/they/do/how long? a Chinese restaurant in the even111g.
In her free time, Sarah visits her parents. or ~oes
(7 marks) f ishing with her brother. she also loves sw1mm111~.
"rve got a great job and I feel very happy with
Underline the correct word or phrase.
the way I live," says Sarah.
r
1 How much/How many eggs do we need for the cake?
2 My sister is playing/plays in the garden at the moment. 1 Does Sarah like her job? Why (not)?
3 Fish can't/doesn't sing and birds isn't/can't swim. 2 Why is her job tiring?
4 Grandpa watch /watches TV every evening . 3 What does Sarah do in the morning/afternoon/evening?
5 Would you like some/a water? 4 What does Sarah do in her free time?
6 They never/ever go to the beach on Mondays. 5 How does she feel about her life? (10 marks)

7 Have sheep/sheeps got wings? No, they haven't.


8 There is any/some milk in the fridge. \ '\1d t [nq
9 Susan often goes for long walks in/at spring.
10 Listen! The phone is ringing/rings. Use the information in the plan below to write
11 Are there much/any strawberries in the box? an artic1e about Fred King's daily routine and
12 Could I have a packet/carton of crisps, please? his free-time activities.
(1 2 marks)
Plan
. . Cummunic.lti un
Para 1: Fred King, 38, reporter
Use the words and phrases in the lists below to "I like my job very much because I love
7 complete the dialogues. interviewing people. It is tiring, though ,
because I work long hours."
please, here, can, would Para 2: • get up at 7 o'clock
a) A: (1) ........................................ I help you, madam? • have a shower/get dressed
B: Yes, (2) .......... . I'm looking for a summer dress. • leave home at 8 o'clock/arrive at the office
A: What colour (3) ............. .. ........ .............. you like? at 8:30
B:Blue. • read the morning newspapers
A: (4) ....................................... ..................... you are . • have lunch at 12:30
B: Can I try it on? • in the afternoon/write articles/prepare for his
A: Yes, of course. TV programme
• TV programme/finish at 6 o'clock/then
Would you like a, I'm lwng,y. How about some meet friends/have dinner
• in the evening/usually/watch TV or listen to
b) A: (1) .. ............................. . Is there anything to eat? music
B: (2) .. .. ......................... ... piece of chocolate cake? Para 3: • love sailing/not like playing football or
A: No, thanks. I don't like chocolate cake. basketball/go sailing every weekend
B: (3) ........................................................ apple pie? Para 4: • "I have got a great job and I feel very
A: Oh, yes, please! I'd love a piece of apple pie. satisfied with my life." (18 marks)
(7 marks)
TOTAL: 100 marks
61
Moments in Life •••••••••••••••••••••• •

....._ Read, listen, talk and write about...

• places & buildings

r----

• famous people & their


achievements
Module
•• •••••••••••••••••• ••• • ••••••••• • •••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Units 9-12
~ Learn how to ...
• give directions
• ask for information
• ask personal questions
• report emergencies
• make comments
• make suggestions
~ Practise ...
• was/were - had - could
• past simple (regular -
irregular verbs)
• prepositions of
place/movement
• adjectives/adverbs
• comparisons
• quite/too/very/much

• feelings & reactions


• emergencies

• towns & cities


• means of transport
UNIT 9 Rock I.
a
,. '
Brannock
Islands

North

'
West East
~

i
~ - ; V J ' ••· "!~!!••••111, 1

111 11 11 -~ 1 1: 1111111\\\1
fll lllfl fifll U IIU'JII 111!..1 "" ~~,~i.:.. r
Times Change ...

Read the magazine article and answer the questions below.


Then, explain the words in bold.

his week on our


Now & Then page,
we are looking at
lnishmore, a beautiful
little island off the
west coast of
Ireland. At first,
lnishmore seems
exactly the same as it
was fifty years ago, but in fact it day can visit lnishmore. "Now
is a very different place today. there is an airport," says
Colman Coneely, a 70-year- Coneely. "There are also cars,
old islander, says, "When I was buses, bicycles and big ferry
young, few tourists could reach boats. Life is very easy now. We
lnishmore. There wasn't an have got new, modern houses
airport or any ferry boats in those and a lot of money. We have also
days. There were only donkeys got electricity and running water.
and small fishing boats for lnishmore is very busy now.
getting around. Life was difficult. There are guest houses,
We didn't have much money - restaurants and lots of souvenir
we only had small stone shops."
cottages. We didn't even have Coneely looks across the
electricity or running water! green fields in front of his house
lnishmore was a quiet place - and smiles. "Yes, lnishmore is
there weren't any guest houses beautiful and we're working hard
or restaurants back then." to keep it just like this."
Today, up to 2,000 tourists a

1 Where is lnishmore?
2 Could many tourists reach the island fifty years ago? Why (not)?
3 What did the islanders have for getting around?
4 What can you find on lnishmore today that wasn 't there fifty years
ago?
5 What does Colman Coneely think of the island?

Read the text again and make notes under these headings:
TIIEN
,,hat there \HI S "a"n't & ,,hat there b &
"hat the pt•opl e had.tdidn 't h,n e \\hat the people h,nc got

Now, look at your notes and talk about what Inishmore was like
fifty years ago and what it is like now. Start like this: !here 11m11 '1
t111 "iqum 011 /11i,hm11rc then !11t.n' 11·cn 11111\' c/n11kt'\'\ 011d /ishill!!, hoa/\ ...
63
Times Change ...

L-Jnguaqe Oe, elopment . (

\ ) ,t u ~ a) Look at the diagram, then complete the


sentences with prepositions from the lis t
Choose words from tbe list to fill in the gaps, belo,v.
then use them to make sentences. in from <4 opposite. next to. on. between
st11ne, water. fields, cottages. houses. little. fifry yea,:\'.
shops. hoats. like
~0
1 a ..................... island 6 running .................... .. ~~~
~~~
2 ........................... . ago 7 just ...................... this s~ HOSPITAL
3 the ........................ as 8 modern ................... ..

~
4 fishing ...................... . 9 souvenir .................. ..
5 stone ........ ............... .. 10 green ........................ . HOTEL CINEMA .....
..... w
w SCHl(OL
w a:
~
.....
6 Write tbe opposites of the phrases below, using I-
rn
s~ "~ rn
w
-'

r
the words in the list. Then. make sentences MUSEUM -'
-' POLICE
Q.
Q.

using the phrases. :i: CZ:

EP~TMENT STATION
busy. big. a lot of ,ATORE

1 a little island * a ........................ island KINGSTREET


2 few tourists * ......................... tourists BUS STOP
c:::J
3 a quiet place -:;:. a ......................... place
!nivlunorC' i, a liule i'>lwul. 3 AuRANTI POST CAFE
OFFICE
BANK
flll in the missing prepositions from the list.
in front q{ on. oft back. in. across. at 1 The school is .... ...................................... the cinema.
1 ........ our Now & Then page; 2 we're looking ...... ...... .. 2 The cafe is .................. the bank and the post office.
lnishmore; 3 ........ first; 4 ........ fact; 5 ........ those days; 3 The pol ice station is ........................... .... the cinema.
6 ..................... his house; 7 .............. . then:. 8 ........ the 4 The bus stop is .......................... ....... the post office.
west coast; 9 look ........... ...... the green fields 5 The park is ........... ........... the corner of Apple Street
and King Street.
Match the following with the signs. b) Where is: the sports centre'? the hospital? the
1 The fire escape is on 3 The fire escape is on bank? the supermarket? the post office? the
your left. your right. garage? the police station'? the department
2 Turn right. 4 Turn left. store'? the museum? the restaurant? the fire
station? the school?
IaI -

• (

1\
ONLY
r'
ONLY
ml You are at the train station. Look at the town
map in Ex. 9 and fill in the missing words. Listen
and check your answers. Then, in pairs, use the
prompts to act out similar dialogues.
A: Excuse me, 1) ..................... you tell me the way to the
bank?
I CI I B: Yes, of course. Go straight down Hill Street, then take

[ l;l:1it{4A~i FIRE ESCAPE •


the fi rst turning 2) ...................... Go down King Street.
The bank is 3) ........ .. ........... the cafe.
A: Thank you very much.

64
Times Change ...

a You're at the bank and you want to go to the


supermarket.
b You 're at the supermarket and you want to go to the
school.
c You're at the post office and you want to go to the
sports centre. Affirmative I/ you/ he, etc had
d You're at the cinema and you want to go to t he Negative I/you/he, etc didn't have
department store.
Interrogative Did I/you/he, etc have?
• \ Short answers Yes, I/you/ he, etc did.
No, I/you/ he, etc didn't.

TI Look at the table and com plete the rules . a) Look at the pictures. Tick (.I) what people
had l 00 years ago and put a cross (X) next to
what they didn 't have. Then, in pa irs, ask and
answer questions, as in the example.
Affirmative Negative SA : Did they have helicopters? ~
I/ he/she/ it was I/he/she/ it wasn't SB: No, they didn't. Did they have ...
you/we/they were you/we/they weren't
Interrogative Short answers
Was I/ he/she/it ... ? Yes, I/he/she/ it was.
No, I/he/she/ it wasn't.
Were you/we/they ... ? Yes, you/we/they were.
No, you/w e/they weren't.

~ typewriters o

g
We use ...................... w ith I, he, she and it.
We use ............ .......... with we. you and they. ~ 1867

Look at the list of prompts below. then. in pairs.


ask and answer questions. as in the example.
bicycles. fishing boars. restaurants. stone cottages. TVs o
1926
computers
1939
D
an ailp011. donkeys. sou1·enir shops. guest houses,
green fields
S11: IVi•,-e there any f>icrdc~1111 ln i\hm11rc.' 5fJycm'!I tu.t,o'.'
Sl3: \o. there weren ·t. lfrrc then.' ct11\' . ..

IO

ml Fill in were, 1-rns or wasn ·1, then listen and check.



telephones
1876
LJ
b) Now write sentences, as in the example.
compact discs
1979
D

In pairs, use the prompts to act out a similar dialogue.


They had hot-air balloons JOO years ago, but they
at a restauranl - Sharon - 1he fo(Jd - not n•1y nice - didn't have helicopters.
honible - Craig - m a football match

A: 1) ..................... you at home last night?


\ tin (Project)
B: No, I 2) ... ................... I 3) .. ... ..... .......... at the ci nema . First answer these questions, then write a short
A: Who 4) .............. ....... you with? paragraph (40-60 words) about yourself when
B: I 5) ..................... with Claire .
A: How 6) ..................... t he film?
you were seven years old.
8 : Well, it 7) ........ ....... .. .. ve ry good. It 8) .................. . a What was your best friend like?
boring . Where 9) ,. .................. . you? b What was your favourite teacher like?
A: I 10) ........ ............. at home. c What was your favourite toy?
B: 11) ..................... you w ith Sally? d Did you have a pet? (What?)
A: No, I 12) .......... ......... .. . She 13) .................... at work. e What was your favourite food/drink?

65
Times Change ...

Affirmative I/you/ he, etc could swim.


Negative I/you/he, etc couldn't swim.
Interrogative Could I/you/he, etc swim?
Short answers Yes, I/you/he, etc could
No, I/you/he, etc couldn't

IJII a) Listen to the two men talking about


themselves and fill in the missing ages in the table
below. Then make sentences, as in the example.
Paul could talk when he was one, but Doug couldn't Some ancient Romans 1) .. ................... very rich and they
talk until he was two. 2) .............. beautiful brick houses. There 3) ................... .
any windows on the outside walls and there 4) .................. ..
any carpets on the floors. Other people 5) .................. .
smaller houses or flats. Ancient Rome 6) .................... ..
narrow streets, but there 7) ................. ... lots of theatres.
The public baths 8) .................... very popular. Men and
women 9) .................... ... go there at different times, but
children 10) .. .. .. .. .. .... ... ... ...... .... .... .. use the baths.
Hunting, riding, fishing and having dinner parties with friends
11) ............ .......... .... also popular free-time activities. There
12) ..................... .. .. ... lots of games and toys for children.
The boys· favourite games 13) .................... ball games and
talk the girls 14) .................... dolls to play with. Children also
count 3 15) ............... .. .. ........... dogs, cats, ducks and geese as
read 2 5 pets. The ancient Romans 16) .. ... ...................... lots of {
delicious food to eat, such as meat fish, fruit, vegetables
walk 2 and bread, and their favourite drink 17) .. ... . ......... ... wine.
ride a bicycle 10
swim 4
c) Read the text again, then read the sentences
b) Now talk about yourself, as in the example. below and circle the correct items.
I could talk when I was one, but I couldn't count 1 The ancient Romans didn't have any .................. in
until I was three. ... their houses.
A tables B carpets C sofas
2 They had lots of ...... ............ .
• A discos B cinemas C theatres
16 ml a) Read the sentences and explain the
3 , .. .. .. ........... couldn't use the public baths.
A Children B Women C Men
words in bold, then listen and underline 4 There were lots of .................. and toys for children.
the correct words. A shops B games C schools
1 Some ancient Romans had beautiful brick/stone
5 ................... .. was one of their favourite free-time
houses. activities.
2 Ancient Rome had wide/narrow streets.
A Dancing B Playing football C Hunting
3 The public baths/showers were very popular. 6 Their favourite drink was ....... ........... .
A water B wine C milk
4 Girls had balls/dolls to play with.
d) Talk about what the ancient Romans could or
b) Read the text and fill in were(n't), had, was or couldn 't do/what they had and what there
could(n't). was/wasn 't in ancient Rome.
66
Times Change ...

Fill in the gaps with words from rm Ralph Cobbler is talking about Canary Wharf, an area in
the list below. London. Listen to what he says aod complete the reporter's
can, can't, could, coulcln 't, was, notes below. .Finally, use the notes to talk about what Canary
wasn 't, were, weren ·1. is. are. isn 't. Wharf was like twenty years ago and what it is like today.
aren't, have got. hm ·en 't got, has got.
hasn't got. had. or didn 't hm ·e THEN •
1 A: ... Can ... you swim?
B: No, I ............ ...... ................... you Canary Wharf was a d ..... ........... .. Canary Wharf is a c ... .............. ..
swim when you .................... fi ve? area twenty years ago. area nowadays.
A: No, I .... ................................ ........ . There were e ... .. .. .... warehouses. There are b ......... ................. flats,
2 I .............. a car now, but I ...... ........ .. . There weren't m ............ ............. . lots of shops, offices, restaurants
a bicycle. I .......................... a bicycle shops or people. and cafes.
when I ...................... six. People have got a lot of money,
People didn't have m .. ............... .
3 There ..................... a bank opposite 1.................. houses and n...... ..... .
the cinema, but fifty years ago there money or n .... ................ houses
or cars . cars.
....... .. .. ... .. . a bank - there .............. a
hotel, but it .............. there now. There People could only get around People can get around by train,
................... any shops then, but there by bus or on foot. bus or taxi.
.................... a lot of green fields. Now
there ...................... any green fields,

4
but there ...................... a lot of shops.
When he ............. five, he ................. .
\\'nt1n (a then-and-now article)
a cat as a pet. He ........................ any
dogs. Now he ........................... three Use the plan below and the information from Ex. 20 to write
dogs, but he ....................... any cats. an article (60 - 90 words) about Canary Wharf. Use the article
5 When I was five , I ...................... ride a in Ex. 4 as a model. Start like this: This week on our Now and
bicycle, but I ................... ride a motor Then page, we are looking at Cana,y Wha,f in London. Thi.s area is
bike. Now I ..................... a motor bike now completely different to what it was like twenty years ago.
and I ..................... ride it very well.
End like this: Cana,y Whmf is a nice place to live nowadays.

• Plan
1 Work in teams. Take it in turns Introduction
to choose words/phrases from the Para 1: State the name of the place .
list and make sentences. Each
correct sentence gets one point.

Main Body
The team with the most points is Para 2: Write what life was like then (what there was/were,
the winner.
l there wasn't/weren't, what people didn't have and
what they could do).
fishing boats, I didn 't have. count.
we could, reach. there weren 't, green Para 3: Write about what life is like now (what there is/are,
fields, pet, toy. there was, back then t what people have got and what people can do).
Conclusion
Para 4: Say how nice the place is nowadays.
ronun 1dt1on
ml Listen and tick. Listen again
and repeat.

/ s / !JI / s / I fl Read these sentences. What do they mean?


shop ship
• Times change and we with time.
sport sun • Other times, other manners.
shoe street • Time and tide wait for no man.

67
The fflerf:0 1
1 1

Sandra and David are in an aeroplane to Brazil. They want to write an article about t11e
destruction of the Amazon rainforest.

from the reception


desk. Our jeep is
ready.

\ .._-
The Expediti on - Episode 1

Look at the pictures on p. 68. Which picture(s) r Read the summary and fiJJ in a, an or the, where
show(s): necessary.
.. ....... David and ......... Sandra go to ......... Brazil to write
a a jeep? .......... article about ......... Amazon rainforest. In the jungle,
b a waterfall?
......... Sandra feels nervous. Suddenly, she hears .........
c a canoe? Jivaro Indians. They run to ......... Amazon River and get
d David and Sandra falling down the waterfall?
in ......... canoe. David starts paddling down ......... river in
e David and Sandra on the plane?
......... canoe. Suddenly, they see ..... .... waterfall.
f David and Sandra in a hotel room?

Im Who said the following? Listen to the story


Im Listen to the episode and follow the
dialogue. Then, take roles and read it aloud.
and write S (for Sandra ) and D (for David).
1 It's boiling hot out there.
\'.dll
2 I don't like the jungle.
Affirmative I/you/he, etc will go.
3 Someone is watching us.
4 Let's go to the river. Negative I/you/he, etc won't (will not) go.
5 They can't catch us now . Interrogative Will I/ you/ he, etc go?
6 Oh, no! A waterfall! Short answers Yes, I/you/he, etc will.
No, I/you/he, etc won't.
Read the episode and answer the questions.
We use will to make predictions. I think the Jivaro Indians
1 What's t he weather like in the jungle?
wflJ catch them. Perhaps Sandra will hit her head.
2 Why is Sandra nervous in picture 3?
3 Does David like the jungle? Why/Why not?
4 Who hears the Jivaro Indians first? Match the obj ects to the words in the list, then
5 What do these phrases mean? "Watch your head !" make predictions, as in the example.
"Come on !" "Calm down."
boiling hot. rainy, fi'eezing cold. snowy
Match the adjectives to their opposites. Then. use
the adjectives in the left column to make sentences,
as in the example.
silly safe
nervous freezing cold
dangerous noisy
nice calm
peaceful lever
boiling hot horrible
Dnn ·, he ,;;U{v. sunglasseo

t:../ t:..LL .. Lh8 0-: ~jacke

We use a/an to talk about something for the first time. /1 will he boihng hot to11101n111·, ,;o
We use the to talk about something we have mentioned c/011 ·, .fr>1~er to rake' .ruur hat.
before. There's a jeep outside. The jeep belongs to Mr Jones.
We also use the before: What do you think will/won't happen to David and
• the names of rivers (the Amazon River) , seas (the Sandra? Use the prompts below to make one
Black Sea) , oceans (the Atlantic) and mountain ranges
positive and one negative prediction.
(the Alps) .
• nationalities (the English) , the names of families they/die - they/break their legs - a crocodile/eat them
(the Browns) and the names of tribes (the Jivaro Indians). - they/drown - they/hurt them selves - David/save
We don't use the before: Sandra - the Ji\'{/1·0 Indians catch/k ill them -
• proper names (Jane, Athens) , the names of countries the Jivaro Indians/help them
(Britain) , the names of meals (breakfast) or the
names of sports/ games (teriri s).
Tile Jii ·aro Jmlic1ns ll'ill rntc:/1 and kill tlimz. They
1ro11 ·1 l,elp the/JI.

69
UNIT 10

Lead 1n
l Label the pictures with the
names of the famous people.
Diana Spencer Leonardo da Vinci
John F. Kennedy Marie Curie
Elvis Presley Elizabeth I
Rudolf Nureyev

Ask and answer questions about


these people, as in the example.
SJ: Who was John F. Kennedy?
S2: He was an American president.
When was Ire bom?
S3: He was bom in 1917. When
did he die?
S4: He died in 1963.
Ill Read the sentences, then listen
and mark them T (true) or F
(false) . Who is this woman?

I She had three older sisters. ..F. .


2 She worked as a nurse.
3 The British loved her for
her kindness and beauty.
4 She died in a train accident.

Rradrnq
a) Explain the verbs in the list,
then read Diana's biography
and fill in the gaps with the
correct verbs.
died, divorced, watched, studied,
ma,ried, continued, retumed, loved,
said, worked, cared, completed,
called, appeared
b) Explain the words in bold in
the text.
70
The Price of Fame I

Afairy-Tale PrincessL----==
around the world 7) ..................... her wedding on
Lelevision. Charles and Diana had two sons,
William and Harry.
~ Diana was very popular. T he British 8) ............ ..
her for her kindness and beauty. They 9) ............ ..
............. her· "The People's Princess" because she
JO) ............................ so much about sick and poor
people all over the world. She once 11) .......... .
........................... , "l see myself as a princess for the
world, not the Princess of Wales." Reporters were
alway~ around her. She was their favo urite person.
rltwas like a fairy tale when the beautiful young ~ But Diana's life wasn't as happy as it
J girl married the Prince and became the Princess 12) .................. She and
of Wales. Unlike a fairy tale, the happiness soon Charl es had problems
ended, but Diana was still The People's Princess. with their marriage. They
linaJJy diYorccd m
Diana Frances Spencer was born on l st July, August, l 996.
1961, in Norfolk. England. Her falhcr was Earl Diana 13) .................... .
Spencer. She had two older sisters ;md a younger to traYel round the world
brother. Her parents 1) ..................... when she and help those in need.
was a young girl. As a child, Diana 2) ................ .. But her life was short -
at a boarding school in Kent. She 3) ................. . she 14) ..................... in a
her education in Switzer.land. \\'hen she 4) car accidcm on 31st
............ .. .. ..... to England she 5) ..................... as a August, 1997, in Paris.
nanny in London. She 1ras onlv thirty-s.ix
Diana 6) ..................... Prince Charles inJuly. years old.
198 1. at St. Paul's Cathedral in London. People all

Read the article again and match


the beadings to the paragraphs.
Then, answer the questions below. Read the text again and complete the table. Then, talk about
Diana, as in the example.
• Everyone Loved Her /)1,11'11 / 1w1t,, \p<'11etr 11 ·a1 hon, 1111 h t Ju~r. Nnl. in Nm:folk.
• Diana's Early Years t:m:taml.. ..
• The Divorce
• The Tragic End Name: /)famt I n111a1 Spe11ci:r
• The Wedding
Born on : ................. ................ in ....................................... .
1 When and where was Diana born?
Studied at:
2 Where did she study?
3 When and where did she marry Prince Married: ...................... in ................... at .................... .......
Charles? Children:
4 How many children did they have?
Famous for:
5 Why was she popular?
6 Was her life as happy as it appeared? Divorced in:
7 When did they divorce? Died on: ................................................. in ...................... .
8 When and where did she die?
71
The Price of Fame

Lanqudge Oe"elopment
We use the past simple for actions which happened ir
the past and won't happen again.
Diana married Prince Charles in July, 1981. (When did
Choose words from the list to fill in the gaps, she marry him? In July, 1981 .)
then use them to make sentences. Time expressions: yesterday, ago, in 1950, last Monday
all over. worked, Princess. sick . car. in need, trm ·el. week/month, etc.
faily
1 she .......... as a nanny 5 .. ... .. .. ... ... .. ... ... . people
2 .................... the world 6 the ............... of Wales Read the text, then ask your teacher the
3 ..................... .. ...... tale 7 those ...................... .. .. folloV\ing questions to complete the text.
4 ......... round the world 8 .. ...... .. ........... accident

Marie Sklodowska (Marie c urie) was


a famous scientist. She was born in
1) .. .... .. .. ...... .. ... in2)
We write: 26/8/ 1959 or 26th August, 1959 She studied physics ·~~~/~~th~~~tics
We say: the twenty-sixth of August, nineteen fifty-nine at, the Sorbonne in Paris. She married
or Prerre Curie in 3) ..... .. ... .. . Together
August the twenty-sixth, nineteen fifty-nine they discovered 4) .... ....... .. ..... and
................ in 1898· In 1903, the Curies received the
Look at the dates and say them in the two ·ways ~ obel Pnze for Physics. Pierre died in a road accident
7 shown above, as in the example.
rn 5) .. ·····.. ······· · M ane
· continued
· their work on r d.
In 191 1,. she received the Nobel Prize for Chemi:tr~~m.
She dred of leukaemia in 6) ............ .
,•

;-,
1 When was she born? 4 What did they discover?

.-~i 2 Where was she born?


3 When did she marry
Pierre Curie?
5 When did Pierre die?
6 When did she die?

Elvis Presley Alfred Hitchcock Johann Strauss


8th January, 1935 25th October, 1825 Write down two things you did yesterday and
13th August, 1899
- 16th August, 1977 - 29th April, 1980 - 3rd June, 1899 two things you didn't do yesterday. Choose from
the list. You can use your own ideas.
Lh ·is Pre.\lt'\' wa, hr>m 011 the ehd11/i of .laflllllry. s!lldy. make a cake. play f ootball. cl/I the gmss.
11i11e1een thirty-{i1 ·e and died ... 1ra1ch Tl ~ cook dinner. lisre,1to music. do the
1~·1ris Presley ll'll,\ horn //fl .lamwry the l'iglith shopping. go f or a walk. buy clothes
ni11e1c>e11 ,11;,·zv-/11 '(' and died ... 1 nwde a rnke ye,rerday but 1 didn ·, cook dinner.

Fill in the missing prepositions from the list


Look at the table, then say how we form the past below.
simple.
11·i1h. in. on. lo. at. round. <l
1 was born ..... .. ... 1st July, 1961 , .......... Norfolk; 2 ... ...... .
Affirmative I/ you/he, etc watched TV last night. July, 1981: 3 studied .......... a boarding school; 4 returned
Negative I/you/he, etc didn't watch TV last night. ...... .... England; 5 .......... St Paul's Cathedral, .. .. ...... London:
6 watched her wedding .......... television; 7 had problems
Interrogative Did I/you/he, etc watch TV last night? .......... their marriage; 8 travel .......... the world; 9 those
Short answers Yes, I/you/he, etc did. .......... need; 10 died .......... a car accident; 11 died ..........
No, I/you/tie, etc didn't. leukaemia

72
The Price of Fame

ml Match the paintings to the painters, then listen and check


your answers. Now say who painted each painting.
• We add -ed to most regular verbs.
I work - I worked a. Pierre-Auguste Renoir. b. Leonardo da Vinci.
• We add -d to verbs ending in -e. c. Edgar Degas, d. Frans Hals
/ love - I loved
• Verbs ending in consonant + y drop
the -y and add -ied. I study - I studied
• Other verbs have irregular forms:
become - became, say - said. Look
at the list of irregular verbs at the
back of the book.

Fill in the pas t simple forms of


the verbs below.

work .................. . complete .......... ..


ITO [ID [IT] Cf[]
Mona Lisa Child with Cat The Laughing Cavalier Two Dancers
watch .......... ..... .. love ................ .. ..
call .. ................... . care .................. ..
divorce .............. . Ill Listen to these pieces of music. Number the composers in
appear .............. ..
continue ............ .
end ................... .. the order you hear their pieces of music.
die ..................... .
return ................ ..
D Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart D Johann Strauss composed
study.... ............
marry................
.
BUT enJoy .............. .
I
_
composed Requiem The Blue Danube

D Antonio Vivaldi D Fran~ois Chopin composed


write ............... . make ............... 1 composed The Four Seasons the Polonaise - Fantaisie
buy ............... . go ................. ..
(Project)
Put the verbs in brackets into the
past simple. Which verbs are First, put the nrbs in brackets into the past simple. Then,
irregular'? match the sentences in co]umn A to those in column B.
Sir Alexander Fleming 1} .. ........... (be) a Finally, write Mozart's biography.
'amous scientist. He was born in Scotland
:Jn 6th August, 1881. He 2) ............ ..
0
1 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was
(study) medicine at St Mary's Hospital in born in Salzburg, Austria, in 1756. a) and they often .............. .
_ondon. After World War I, he 3) ............. . He .................... (love) music ~ (invite) him to their balls.
(return) to St Mary's and 4) .. ... ... .... .. 2 He .................... (start) writing b) and ............. ..... (learn) to
(work) there as a professor. music play the violin very well.
In 1915, he 5) .......... ......... (marry) Sarah 3 He ..... .. ... .... .. ... . (tour) around
western Europe with his father, c) w hen he .......... (be) five.
'.1arion McElroy and they 6) ..........,.. .
(have) a son. He 7) .................. (discover) Leopold d) because he ................ ..
::ienicillin in 1928 and 8) ... ........... (receive) 4 Everyone .................... (admire) (have) money problems.
:1e Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1945. His the talented young man e)
until he ................ (die)
5 In 1781 , he ................... (marry)
,•tife 9) .............. ... .. .. .......... . (die) in 1949. in 1791. He was only 35
Constanze Weber, but life was
=1eming married again in 1953. His years old.
difficult
second wife 10) .............. (be) a Greek 6 Mozart ........................ (continue) f) and ...... .... ....... .... . (play)
j octor, Dr Amalia Koutsouris. writing music and performing at music for kings and
Fleming 11) .. ............ (die) on 11th the royal courts of Europe queens.
'.1arch, 1955. They 12) .. ............ (bury)
-,m in St Paul's Cathedral.

73
A.J.Q\

c) Read the text again and correct the sentences.


as in the example.
a) ma Read the questions, then listen and 1 AJ worked as a model when he was three.
answer them.
Wrong! AJ didn·t work as a model when he was
1 Where are the Backstreet Boys from? three. He worked as a model when he was six.
2 How many are there in the band? 2 AJ got to know Howie when he was thirteen.
3 When did they release their first album? 3 Nick 's parents had a theatre.
4 Kevin had a job at Disney World in France.
b) Read the text and explain the words in
5 The fifth member was Kevin.
yellow, then underline all past simple forms. 6 They received their first gold record in Italy.
d) Finally, in pairs, ask and answer questions
.s krn about BSB using who/where/when/what.
Use the prompts and the time expressions below and, in pairs, act out short dialogues, as in the example.

write a letter?
SA: When was the last time you
~ visit your grandparents?
buy new clothes?
yesterday
yesterday morn ing/ evening, etc wrote a letter?
WHEN was SB: The last time I wrote a ktter
the last time t idy your room? two days/weeks, etc ago
wash the car? last Monday/Tuesday, etc was two days ago. How about
you ... you?
have a haircut?
awee~/m o ~ SA: The last ti.me I wrote a letter
get a present?
have a party? was a month ago.
74
The Price of Fame

3 When was he born?


A 4th July, 1678. B 4th March, 1678.
4 What did he become at the age of twenty-i ive?
II.I Read the dialogue, then lis ten and fill in A a priest B a teacher
the missing words. Use the prompts to act out 5 Where did he teach music?
similar dialogues. A at a school tor girls in Venice
B at a school tor boys in Venice
A: 1) .................. was the last time you went s hopping? 6 Did he travel to many countries?
B: Last Monday. A No , he didn't. B Yes, he did.
A: 2) .. ...... .. ........ did you go? 7 How many operas did he write?
3: I went to Sainsbury's. A 40. B 30.
A: 3) .. ................ did you go with? 8 How many c oncertos for bassoon did he write?
B: I went with my mum. A 30. B 39 .
go shopping 9 How many concertos for flute dld he write?
go to a park A 39 . 830.
When was the last go on holiday 1O Was he a rich man at the height of his career?
time you ...? go to a party A Yes, he was. B No, he wasn't.
Where did you ... ? go on a picnic 11 Was he rich or poor when he died?
Who did you .. . with? go to a concert A He was rich. B He was poor.
go to the theatre 12 When did he die?
go out for dinner A 28th March, 174 i . B 28th Ju ly , 174 i
go to the beach 13 Did he ever marry?
A Yes, he married twice. B No, he never married.

\ In (a biography)
Work in two teams. Take it in turns to choose
words from the list and make sentences. Each When we write a biography about a person who has died,
correct sentence gets one point. The team with we start with the person's full name, what he/she is
the most points is the winner. famous for and the date and place he/she was born. We
died in, scientist. fa ily wle. died o.f. 11za1ried. older then write about the important events/achievements in
his/her early and later years in chronological order. We
sister. popular. poor people. dirorced. mmTiage.
end the biography with when and where he/she died.
studied medicine. discm·ered. buried. admire. im-fTed.
We use past tenses.
completed. composed. painted. disco,·ered. receirnd
Use the plan below and information from Ex. 22,
to write a short biography of Antonio Vivaldi. Use
Ex. 13 as a model.
Ill Listen and tick. Listen again and repeat.
Plan
I t I / d / ' id I /t / / d ' id .
Para 1: full name, what he is famous fo r,
danced waited J date/place of birth
cooked lived Para 2: importa nt dates in his life in
played
smiled
visited
looked • chronological order - early years/ later
years
Para 3: about his death
ml Read the questions, then lis ten and circle
the correct answer. Now, talk about A.ntonio
Vivaldi's life.
1 Who was Antonio Vivaldi?
'
Read these sentences. What do they mean'?
A a painter B a composer and violinist
2 Where was he born? • The reward of fame and the p rice of tame.
A In Venice . B In Madrid. • Actions speak louder than words.

75
ml Study the list of events below. Then, listen to
Lead-in the sotmds and number the events in the order you
bear them in the boxes provided.

1 Look at the pictures, then read the questions W Claire laughed.


and circle the correct answer. D They jumped out of the car quickly and ran to the jeep.
D The lions roared loudly.
1 Where are the two people in picture A?
a In a safari park. b In an aquarium.
D He tried to start the car several times.

2 How do the lions look in picture A? D He stopped the car and started taking pictures of the lions.
a Friendly. b Scary. D She beeped the horn and shouted for help.
3 What is coming out of the engine in picture B? D Just then, a park ranger came along the road in his jeep.
a Fire. b Smoke.
4 What's wrong with the front of the car in picture C? J ma Read the sentences, then listen to the story and
a It's on fire. b There's a lion on it. write who said what. Write C for Claire, G for
5 What does a park ranger do? Greg or P for the park ranger.
a He looks after a park. b He puts out fires.
a "We don't want to be a lion's lunch. "
6 How do the people feel in picture C?
b "They're beautiful, but very scary animals. "
a Happy. b Scared. c "Let's go and see the goril las, now. "
7 How do they feel in picture F? d 'We'll burn alive!"
a Shocked but happy. b Tired and scared. e "Hold on , we·1 1get you out! "

76
All's Well that Ends Well

Language Development
Read the story and answer the questions. • \or.ahul n
Write the past simple tense of these verbs.
d. d the story take place? 1 go ............; 2 close ............ ; 3 come ............ ; 4 see
1 Where and when ' . ? ............ ; 5 stop ........................ ; 6 chase ........................ ;
the weather hke · ?
2 What was . h acters in the story. 7 start ................... ; 8 roar .................... ; 9 know ............;
re the two mam c ar ?
3 Who a d to Claire and Greg . 10 try ............ ; 11 begin ............ ; 12 jump ........... .
4 What happene
5 Who saved t~em? d Greg feel at the end Choose words from tbe list to fill in the gaps,
6 How did Claire an 6 then use them to make sentences.
oi the story? . nt of the story?
7 What is the main eve beeped. hum. roared. tightly. park. lucky, chased,
JCreamed, scwy
One gorgeous, sunny day last summer. Claire 1 closed the car windows 5 .......................... alive
and her friend Greg went to Longlcat Safari 6 .......... ............. ranger
2 ........................ loudly 7 ..................... animals
Park.
3 .................... the horn 8 .......... away the lions
When they drove into the park. they closed 4 .. .. ........... desperately 9 ................. to be alive
the car windows tightly. --we don·t want to be a
l ion 's lunch:· Claire laughed. Soon. they saw Fill jn the correct prepositions from the list.
some lions. Greg stopped the car very close to 7 around. tmrnrds. 011. in. into, out of: fo,~ along
the lions and started taking pictures oJ them.
1 they drove ................ the park; 2 the car was ................
The lions roared loudly. ·'They·rc beautiful. but fire; 3 they jumped ............................. the car; 4 the lions
very scary animals." Claire said . .. You·re right. were ................ it; 5 she shouted ................. help; 6 he
Claire. Let's go and see the gorillas. now:· Greg came ................ the road .............. his jeep; 7 they ran
.............. the jeep ; 8 they thanked him ............... his help
said. He tried to start the car several times. but.
nothing happened. Suddenly. smoke began to We use first, then, after that, just then, next, finally,
come out of the engine . etc to talk about events which happened one after
the other.
A few minutes later. the front of the car was
Tony decided lo t(O on a picnic. First, he made some
on fire. They wanted to jump out of the car. but
sandll'iches, then he packed tile 1,ic11ic basket. ...
they couldn 't because the lions were around it.
They were both really scared. ··We ' ll burn
a live!" Claire screamed desperately. She beeped
the horn and shoute.d for help. Just then. a park Read the summary of the story and underJine the
ranger came along the road in his jeep. '·Hold correct words in bold. Then, look at the pictures
on p. 76 and give a summary of the story. Use
on, we'll get you out! '. he shouted. Almost
fint. then. after that. etc where necessary.
immediately. another jeep arrived and chased
away the lions. Claire and Greg jumped out of Greg and Claire decided to go to Longleat Safari Park.
1) First/ Next, they drove into the park and Greg stopped
tbc car quickly and ran towards the jeep. the car. He took some pictures of the lions. 2) Finally/
When they were safe inside the jeep. they After that, he tried to start the car again . Suddenly, smoke
th,rnked the park ranger for h is help. They were began to come out of the engine. A few minutes later, the
front of the car was on fire, so Claire beeped the horn and
stjJJ shocked, but happy. They knew they were
shouted for help. 3) When/Just then, a park ranger came
very lucky to be alive. along in his jeep to help them . 4) Finally/ Last, another
r jeep arrived and chased the lions away. Greg and Claire
felt very lucky to be alive.

77
I All's Well that Ends Well

Ralph went horse-riding in the countryside. Firs t, look at the


pictures and use the prepositions to fill in the gaps in the text.
Then, put the pictures in the correct order. Finally, look at the
pictures and tell the story. Adjectives describe nouns.
He is a careful driver. (What kind of
driver is he? Careful.)
Adverbs usually describe verbs.
He drives carefully. (How does he
drive? Carefully.)

The following adjectives and


adverbs are from the story in Ex. 4.
Ipast I b I Itowards Underline them in the text and
decide which are adjectives and
which are adverbs. Which word
does each describe?
1 gorgeous .. adjective: day..
2 sunny ..........................
3 tightly ..........................
4 loudly ..........................
5 beautiful ......, ...................
6 scary ............ ......... .....
7 desperately ..........................
I d VJ up/down Ie I 1 I along If I I under 8 quickly ..........................

k
L
Adjectives make our stories more
interesting. Instead of writing One day
last summer, they went to the park ...

-- we can write One beautiful sunny day


last summer, they went to the park ...
I g I Iinto I h I Ithrough Ii I I over
k Fill in the adjectives from the lists.
It was a lovely day, so Ralph decided to go for a ride in the countryside. quiet, new, old, strange, white,
He got on his horse and rode out of the field. At first, everything was bright, metal
tine. He went 1} ...a'long.. . the road , 2} .. .. ................ the tunnel and
a) Suzy got into her 1) ........... car and
3} .... .. .. .. ... the forest. Then , he went 4) .. ... ... .. .... .. .... the hill. The
started to drive home along a 2) ........ .
view from there was beautiful! After that, he went 5) ·.. ··.... ·.. · the country road. Suddenly, she saw a
oth er s1·de of th e h'II 1 , 6) .. ...... .. .. . a little old cottage and 7) ........... .. 3) ...................... light in the sky above
the bridge. After that, he went 8) ......... afield. Suddenly, everything her. She felt really frightened. Then,
went wrong! A tractor scared the horse and it jumped 9) ........ ·.. .. .... she heard 4) ........................... voices.
She saw an 5) ............. ... ..... man with
the fence. Ralph fell off the horse and 10) ............. the lake. He got
6) .......................... hair and blue eyes.
very wet! lt was a horrible experience! He had a 7) ....................... object in
his hand and he pointed it at the car.

78
All's Well that Ends Well Ill
beautiful, sunny, shocking, white, happy Fill in and, but, because, so, then or when.

b) Everything was ready for Sally's wedding that 1) ......... .. 1 The door was not locked, ................... Mike opened
day. She put on her 2) ........... silk dress and went it and went inside.
downstairs. Just then, a 3) ........... bouquet of flowers 2 First, the sky turned grey, ................. it began to rain.
arrived for her. Sally had a 4) ........... smile on her face. 3 We waited for Rob's answer, ............ he said nothing.
"From David," she thought. Suddenly, she screamed 4 Liz was in the kitchen ................... the phone rang.
as she read the 5) .......... .. ...... message on the bouquet. 5 Mr Grant opened the letter ............. ...... read the
message inside.
6 Mandy felt nervous ................... the dog looked very
Study the examples, then complete the rules. scary.

we write when and where the event happened, who


• He was a careful driver. He drove carefully. the people in the story were and what happened first.
• The happy child smiled. The child smiled happlly.
• She was a fast runner. She could run very fast.
• They were good singers. They sang very well. Look at the picture and read the short paragraph.
• We usually form adverbs by adding ........... to the Then, answer the questions.
adjective.
• When the adjective ends with a consonant + y, we
drop the ........... and add ........... to form the adverb.
• Some adverbs have the same form as their ........... .
hard -+ hard, fast -+ fast, early-+ early
(BUT: good -+ well)

Fill in the adverbs.

ADJECTIVE ADVERB ADJECTIVE ADVERB

hard ....... , ............. fast ............. ........


strange .... ................. easy ············· ········
happy ..................... good ····················· we write what happened in the end and how the
desperate ....................,. ,. quick ················· ···· people in the story felt.

Read the story endings and underline the adjec-


tives which show how each person feels. Which
are positive? Which are negative?
We can join sentences with words such as and, but, 1 ........ I felt very happy to be the winner of the
because, so, then, when, etc. competition.
Study the examples:
She stood up and walked towards the door. 2 ........ Pam was really upset to see him leave.
He looked out ofthe window, but he couldn't see anything.
He closed the window because It was very cold outside. 3 ........ He felt proud with the gold cup in his hands.
It was very late, so he decided to go home.
He opened the door, then turned on the lights.
He was in bed when he heard a strange noise. \\ (Project)
Read the story in Ex. 4 again and find one example Look at the pictures in the Photo File section,
sentence for each of the following linking words: then write a beginning and an ending for the
and, but, because s tory. Use the prompts.
79
All's Well that Ends Well

• R drn Ii L1~ mn

a) Look at the pictures. Which shows: a


'. ~ dike'? a pries t? a boy with his finger in

'-\. ~ a hole'? people mending a hole'?


- \

_.,--~
\
b) Read the story and explain the words
in bold. Then, underline the sentences
which best describe each picture.
Picwre A . - He put his finger in the hole,
so no more water could come through it
c) Read the events of the story below,
then read the story again and put the
The Boy who events in the correct order. -Finally,
give a summary of the story us ing
Saved the jir~r. then, after that, etc, where
necessary.
Netherlands @I] Hans heard the sound of water flowing away.
lfilJ A priest heard Hans' cries and called some
people to help.
[£JJ The sky got dark and rain began to fall.
@TI] Hans Brinker went to visit an old blind man.
ffi Hans put his finger in the hole.
[DJ Hans decided to return home.
la[] The people mended the hole.
[filJ Hans noticed a very small hole in the dike.
d) Im Read the sentences, then listen
and correct them .
1 Hans Brinker was e~n years old. ..eight ..
Many years ago in Haarlem, Holland, there lived a young boy. His name Hans Brinker wasn't eighteen years old.
was Hans Brinker and he was eight years old. One autumn day, Hans went He was eight.
across the canal to visit an old blind man. He took the man some biscuits 2 Hans visited a young woman.
and stayed there for a while. Then, Hans decided to return home. 3 Hans saw a big hole in the dike.
"Be careful, Hans," said the old man. ''The water in the canal usually 4 A woman heard Hans' cries.
gets higher in autumn." On his way home, Hans sang a song, watched the 5 A priest mended the hole.
rabbits run around and picked some flowers for his mother. Suddenly. the
sky got dark and heavy rain began to fall. Hans felt scared and started to e) Work in pairs. Use the prompts to ask
run. Just then, he heard the sound of water flowing away. He looked around and answer questions, as in the example.
carefully, llien noticed a very small hole in the dike. Where/Hans/live?
Hans felt frightened because he knew what could happen. The small
hole could get bigger and bigger. Then, the dike could burst and flood
Holland! Hans knew what to do. He put his finger in the hole, so no more
SA: Where did Hans live?
SB: He lived in Haarlem, Holland.
-
k-

{J
/ ~
water could come through it. "Please, someone help me 1" Hans shouted. 1 How old / be / Hans?
But there was no one there to help him. After a while, he began to feel very 2 Who / Hans / visit? _
cold and tired, but he could not leave the dike. All night long, Hans waited 3 What / Hans / take / the man? ~ ~. \
and waited ... 4 What / Hans / hear? -:::::;;.. \~
The next morning, a priest walked by and heard Hans' cries. 'Tm trying 5 What / Hans / notice? ~• ~ -'
to stop the water," the boy said. '·Can you help me?" The priest called some 6 How long / Hans / stay / there?
other people and they quickly mended the hole. Finally, they took Hans 7 Who / the priest / call?
home. Everyone was very proud of that brave little boy! 8 What / the people / do?
80
- - - - -
Im Listen to the story, then
All's Well that Ends Well

try to fill in the gaps with


ID
• n
2 adverbs from the Jis t. Lis ten again and check your answers.
desperately. immediately. suddenly. carefully, quickly, tightly, sleepily,
Im Listen to the diaJogue. Then, nen ·ow1y
in pairs, read the dialogue aloud.
Finally, use the prompts below and a Tony ... ......... .... heard noises. e He closed the door .............. .
b He went ......... to the window. f "Help! " he shouted .......... .. .. .
your own name, address and
c He ran ................ downstairs . g He climbed .. .. onto a ladder.
telephone number to act out d He ............... rushed upstairs. h He climbed ...... ........... down.
similar dialogues.
Now, link the events using first. next, after that, then and finally.
O: Emergency services ... Which service Tuny sudden(v heard 11n;ses. Fit:'it. he 1,•e11t sleepilr to the 11·il1(/01v.
do you require, please?
.\'ex,. ...
A: Police, please.
B: Hill Street Police Station ... Can I
help you? Wr tin (a story)
A: I want to rep ort a break-in at my
house. Please come quickly! When we write a story, we start by saying when and where the event
8: Could you give me your address and happened, who the people in the story were and what happened first.
telephone number, please? We continue with what happened just before the main event (2nd
A: Yes - it's 5, Bond Road and my paragraph) , then describe the main event of the story (3rd
telephone number is 9834758. paragraph) . We end our story by writing what finally happened and how
B: And your name, please? the people in the story felt. When we tell a story we use past tenses.
A: Jack Ross.
B: Thank you , Mr Ross. There's a {.;se the pictures below and the events from Ex. 21 to write a
police car on the way now . story ( 100 - 150 words) for a magazine. End your story with ...
After all. he was \·e,y lucky to be alive.'
• fire brigade • ambulance
• Hill Street Fire Station • Upton Hospital
• a fire • an accident
~ (ill
• a fire engine

e\o
• an ambulance

l .,
~-
Work in two teams. Take it in turns
to choose words from the list and
make sentences. Each correct
sentence gets one point The team
with the most points is the win ner.
suddenly, roared. despera1ely. beeped Plan
the horn, sccuy. thanked. proud.
Pa ra 1: start the story (w ho the people in the story were,
m ended. hold on, tight(}'. alii·e.
shncked. for (I while. on his way home • when/where/what ha ppened)
Para 2 - 3: develop the story (what happened before the main

Pronunc1at1on •
Pa ra 4:
event/the main event itself)
end the story (w hat happened in the end - how he
fe lt)
Im Listen and tick. Lis ten again
and repeat.

/A/ lo/ ltJ lo/


Read these sentences. What do they mean'?
wrong shut
rung shot • All's well that ends well. • A picture is worth a thousand words.

81
Look at the pictures and use the adjectives below
L d1 to compare the hH> places, as in the examples.
noisier. more expensii·e, clea11e1'. quiete1: more modern,
The pictures show views of Stratford-upon-Avon, a
more pollutec!. cheaper. olde1: more crowded
quiet town in England, and Los Angeles, a noisy
city in the USA. Match the adjective-noun LA is noisier than Stratford.
collocations to these places, then make LA is more expensive than Stratford.
sentences, as in the example. Im The sentences below describe LA. Try to fill
Stratford is a quiet place, while LA is a noisy place.
in the missing adjectives, then listen and check.
The streets in Stratford are ...
1 The hotels in LA are more e ................. .... ............... ..
quiet - noisy place than those in many other American cities.
clean - dirty/polluted streets 2 There are many i. ........ .. ............ places you can visit.
tall - small buildings/houses 3 There are f.. .. ... ............. .. restaurants you can eat at.
cheap - expensive shops/hotels/restaurants 4 You can buy c................ ... .. ., fashionable clothes on
modern - old city/town Melrose Avenue.
exciting - bori ng nightlife 5 The nightlife is e .. ... .. ........... .. .......... .......................... .
6 LA is a modern, n...... ........ .. .......... and crowded city.

Los Angeles

(
See New Places, Meet New Faces

Los Angeles The City of Angels


Los Angeles is the second largest city in America. It's also home
to film stars, sunny weather, tall buildings and heavy traffic.

ACCOMMODATION SHOPPING
The hotels in LA are more expensive than those in many You can buy cheap fashionable
other American cities. but they are clean and safe. The clothes on Melrose Avenue.
Biltmore and T he Omni are lovely. and close to special bus- Do you want designer dothcs?
stops where you can get chcaJ?. rides to the various sights. T hen go to the expensive shops
on Rodeo Drive. A visit there
PLACES TO VISIT is always unforgettable.
There are many interesting places you can visit. like Venice
Beach with its street performers. Universal Studios 10 sec
how they make films, and Griffith Park . You can also see 1he
handprints and foo tprints of fi lm stars outside Grauman\
Chinese Theatre. Children can visit the Children·s Museum
- one of the most exciting museums in the world.

ENT£RTALNMENT
The nightlife is exciting on
the Sunset Strip. an area in
Hollywood with famous clubs
like The Wbiskey and The
Rox-y. ·1"here you can enjoy
rock ·n· roU music. 24-hour
cafes like Van oo·s Ear are
ROpular witb visitors.
There arc famous restaura nt
you can eat at. like the BulTalo LA is a modem ci1y witft
Club. a place packed with something for e,·e,yone. It s
celebrities, or Musso & Frank's. noisy and crowde(/.. but it\·
Hollywood's oldest restaurant. For the mos1 delicious afro fascinating.
Mexican dishes. eat al the Border Grill.

2 Which places can you visit? What can you see there?
3 Where can you eat? What is special about each
a) Look at the pictures on this page. Which place?
4 Where can you go shopping? What can you buy there?
shows: heavy traffic; a museum; a street
5 Where can you go in the evening? What can you do
performer; handprints <lfilm stars: a Mexican there?
dish; designer clothes; a club?
b) Read the article and answer the questions. c) Replace the article's sub-headings with the
1 Where can you stay in LA? What is special about ones in the Jist:
these places? Nightlife - Restaurants - Shops - Hotels - Sights
83
. See New Places, Meet New Faces
---- --- - - ---------------------------------~
The Colosseum
(..0 "'"
(82 AD}
Use your answers from Ex. 4 to talk about LA.

Lanquag Oe\elopment
•\ " I
Choose words from the list to fill in the gaps,
then use them to make sentences.

film, heavy, 24-how~sunny. designer,


famous, expensive, make
1 ...................... weather 5 to ....................... films
2 .. ......... ......... ...... traffic 6 ........... ..... ....... clothes
3 ......................... shops 7 .......... ................ cafes
4 .. ......... ...... .......... stars 8 ... .............. restaurants The Parthenon
(438 BC)
Fill in: of, in, at, to, wiih on

1 the second largest city ........ America; 2 it's home ..... .. .


film stars; 3 close ........ special bus-stops; 4 footprints ....... . • We use the comparative form to compare two people,
film stars; 5 you can get rides ........ the various sights: 6 eat thi ngs, places etc. We usual ly use than with
........ a restaurant; 7 packed ........ celebrities; 8 ...... .. the comparative adjectives .
world ; 9 .. .. .. .. Rodeo Drive; 10 popular ........ visitors The Parthenon is older than the Colosseum.
• We use the superlative form to compare more than
Fill in the synonyms. two people, things, places etc. We use the ... of/in
with superlative adjectives.
district, not dangerous, memorable. well-known. The Great Pyramid of Cheops Is the oldest of all.
interesting, near • We can also use (not) as + adjective + as to
1 safe - ........................ .. 4 famous - ..................... compare two places, things, people, etc.
2 close - ........ ............ .... 5 unforgettable - ......... .. Stratford-upon~Avon Isn't as noisy as LA.
3 fascinating - ............... 6 area - ...... ................... . • We use much + comparative degree.
Stratford is much quieter than LA.
• m
Look at the underlined ad;jectives in the article
Study the table, then say how we form the about LA, then make a table and complete the
comparative and superlative forms of adjectives. missing form s, as in the example.
adjective comparative superlative adjective comparative superlative
one-syllable cheap cheaper the cheapest
adjectives large larger the largest lur~e lar,:;er the largest
big bigger the biggest sunny sunnier the SL/llllie'Sl
-y adjectives noisy noisier the noisiest
Use the adjectives in the list to compare LA with
adjectives
the place you live in.
with two expensive more expensive the most expensive
or more large, clean. noi.\J. polluted. crowded. small, dirty,
syllables safe, e>..pensh·e. old, modern. peaceful, cheap
good better the best J, ...f i,· larger than m_\ 101r11.
irregular bad worse the worst Jfr tmm is cleaner than L ·-1.
adjectives much > L.-4 i., much noisier than my 101m.
more the most
many
J~r w11n is as noi.\}' as /,A.
little less the least
1\fr Imm isn't as polluted as L.·I.

84
See New Places, Meet New Faces .

ra1 Read the sentences, then listen and put T Look at the table, then make sentences, as in the
(true) or F (false) next to each. Finally, agree or examples.
disagree with the statements, as in the examples.

expensive ./ ./ ./ ./ ././
safe ././ ./././ ./
fast ./ ./././ ././
comfortable ./ ./ ./ ./ ././

B11se~ in Briwin are <'-v1eJ/.\frc.


Trains in Brirain are more e.,71msfre than /lllS<.!'I.
li.Lris i11 B,irain arc: the most e.\pensire ofall.
!Jme.\ in Britain arC11 ·, as e.,pensire as t<iris.
1 Edinburgh is smaller than London. T
Thar\' true. Lo11do11 i.\/1 '1 ll\ \J1/ull ,n Edi11bun:h. ....... Io pairs, talk about your city/town using the
Acruall\', Ldinhw~lt is much \/nalh:r than London. prompts below, as in the example.
2 Edinburgh is more dangerous than London. F
'/1wt 's /(Ilse. Edi11h11rgh HI/·, a, dwrl!,erou, 11, old building, large park, busy road, popular caje,
Lo11tlo11. Arwal(,. L,mclun i, 11111d1 11wn• clc111gemm expensii·e restaurant. famous square, pretty building
!Iran Ldinh11rrd1. S.-l: Ir71ich i, 1/,e oldest hui/ding in ... ?
3 Edinburgh is noisier than London ............................. .. SB: I tlzi11k rhe To11·11 Halli\· tlw 11/ilc~.,1 /mi/ding i11 my
4 London is more polluted than Edinburgh .......... .... ..... . cirr. II 'hie/, i, rhe lan,:e,·t park?
5 London is cheaper than Edinburgh ........................ .. ..

ra1 Fill in the superlative forms and choose the


\\r,t1n (Project)
correct item. Then, listen and check your answers. Which is the oldest building, the largest park,
1 Which is ....................... (large) desert in the world?
the busiest road, the most popular cafe, the
A the Sahara B the Gobi C the Nevada most expensive restaurant,. the most famous
2 Which is ..................... (high) mountain in the world?
square/building in your town/city? Write a short
A Ben Nevis B Mount McKinley C Mount Everest paragraph about your town/city.
Start like this: I live in .... It is in ...
3 Which is ............ ........... (long) river in the world?
A the Missouri B the Mississippi C the Nile
4 Where is ....................... (dry) place in the world? • l.001mun1 ,1nun Ii., l ,n t. rn1 •• r1
A in Chile B in Canada C in China
5 Which is ....................... (small) country in t he world? ~ Im First, listen and repeat. Then, take roles
A Luxembourg B Wales C the State of the Vatican City and act out the dialogues.
6 Where is ....................... (hot) place in the world?
A Death Valley B Tokyo C Malta a David: What was New York like?
7 Which is ............. .......... (tall) building in the USA? Julie: Great! The people were really friendly and
A the Empire State Building C the Sears Tower there were lots of interesting places to visit!
B the John Hancock Centre
b Mary: Did you like Ibiza?
Tony: No, I hated it. It was too crowded and the
• ' 1lmt • hotel was too noisy.

Ask and answer questions, as in the exampJe. c John: What did you think of Paris?
Sarah : It was fantastic! It had some excellent shops
S I: n 'l1ich ,, rlre /orr:ew <Inert i11 rhe worlcl? and we ate at some wonderful restaurants.
S]: 17ze largest dewrt in tlu.• tl'l)rlt/ i\ the \"allc/m. II 111d1 ...

85
See New Places, Meet New Faces

• FRANCE

To make suggestions we use expressions like:


Let's ... , Shall we ...?, Why don't we ... ?
Let's go to Rome this year./Shall we go to Rome this
year?/Why don't we go to Rome this year?

Ill a) Study the examples and the key language, beautiful (++), crowded (- ) sunny ( + ), exciting (+ +)
then read the dialogue and fill in quite, ve1y.
much or too. Listen and check your answers.
r m:11 Patsy and Bob are trying to choose a hotel t,o stay
at during their holiday. Read the dialogue and fill in
quite noisy ( +), very noi~y ( + +), the comparative and superlative forms, then listen
much noisier ( ++ +), too noisy ( - ) and check. In pairs, read out the dialogue.
Bob: What are you doing, Patsy?
John has got £100 and wants to spend a weekend at a hotel by the sea. Patsy: I'm looking at the holiday brochure again. There an~
three hotels in the town , but I can't decide which one
we should stay at.
It's much Bob: Let me see. Hmm ... why don't we stay at the Sunset-
It'., very HOTEL B It's quite HOTEL C cheaper It looks the 1) .................... .................... (comfortable
costs £30. cheap costs £50. cneap costs £40. than hotel B of the three, and it's not as2) ................................... .. ..
(expensive) as the Grand.
IJ .J.J I Patsy: That's true, but it's on the main road, next to all the
.J J.J discos and cafes.
HOTEL D It's quite HOTEL E I: s very HOTEL F Bob: So? That means it's in the 3) ...................................... ..
costs £70. expensive. costs £95. expensive costs £120. ........................... (convenient) part of town.
Patsy: But I'm sure it's much 4) ..................................... ...
A: Shall we go to Mykonos for our summer holidays? (noisy) than the other hotels.
B: Well, it looks 1) ....................... (+ +) nice, but I think Bob: What about the Seaview, then?
Patsy: Well, it is the 5) ........................ (cheap) hotel in town
it's 2) ....................................... ( - ) expensive for us.
and it's probably 6) ..................................... (quiet)
A: Why don't we go to Santorini then? It's 3) ............ .. .. ..
than the Sunset.
......... .. (+ )cheap and 4) .... .. ................. (++) pretty.
Bob: Shall we stay at the Seaview, then?
B: Okay! Let's go there then. It's 5) .................... ........... ..
Patsy: I don't know. It looks quite dirty, don't you think?
( + + +) cheaper t han Mykonos. Bob: Perhaps it's not as 7) ........................... .. ...... ...... (clean)
as the others, but the brochure says it's got the "8)
... ................................... (friendly) staff in town."
b) Work in pairs. Use the prompts to act out Patsy: I like the Grand. It's the 9) ............................................
similar dialogues. (luxurious) of the three hotels, and it's the 10) ......... ..
(close) to the beach .
Bob: But it's too expensive! We can't afford it, Patsy!
ITALY
Patsy: Oh, I suppose you're right. Okay, let's stay at the
Seaview. I'm sure it will be fine ...

Venice
u r .. 1 I I \f

Work in two teams. Take it in turns to choose


I
11 words from the list and make sentences. Each
correct sentence gets one point. The team with the

1
most points is the winner.
clean, quiete1; more polluted, oldes~ interesting, street
peif'o1mers, designer clothes, nightlife, sunny weather,
heavy traffic, fashionable clothes, delicious, noisie1;
pretty ( + + ) , noisy (-) quiet (+ ), beautiful (+ +) more expensive. crowded
86
See New Places, Meet New Faces

• q L, Pro un itt on
a)ml The following statements are about Stratford-upon-Avon. Ill Listen and tick. Listen again
Read them, then listen and underline the correct word. and repeat.
a It is Shakespeare's / Duke's birthplace.
b Have lunch at one of the many restaurants in Sheep / High Street. /tfl /d3/ /tJ/ /d-.,/
c Stratford is a big / small town. chin chain
gin cherry
Jane Jerry

\V, 1t1n (a description


of a place)

When we write an article for a


magazine describing a place, we may
give the information under suitable sub-
headings.
We start by stating the name of the
This romantic town is in the lunch at one of the many place and its location, then we give a
south-west of England and is restaurants in Sheep Street - the short general description of the place.
Shakespeare's birthplace. food is delicious - or have a After that, we talk about where visitors
A ..................................................... . romantic dinner at the restaurant can stay (accommodation), places to
The Dukes Hotel and The Swans on a canal boat in the Canal Basin. visit or eat at, where to go shopping
Nest are two lovely places to stay D ...................................................... and the nightlife.
in Stratford. The Dukes Hotel is a Buy yourself something nice in We end by giving an overall
three-star hotel in the centre of one of Stratford High Street's impression of the place. Adjectives
the town, and The Swans Nest is excellent shops. However, for gifts, make our description more interesting.
next to the River Avon. They are We normally use present tenses in this
the street market in Rother Street
type of writing.
both quiet and friendly places. is the best.
B .................................................... .. E .................................................... ..
For sightseeing, get on an open- Stratford is a srnaH town. There Look at the information in the
topped double-decker bus and see aren't many nightclubs. but you Photo File section, then write an
the town. You can also visit New can spend an evening at the Royal article about Antwerp. Give the
Place - Shakespeare's home, or Shakespeare Theatre or enjoy a
information under suitable sub-
go for a walk in the beautiful quiet drink at one of the town's
Bancro~ Gardens and see the friendly pubs. You can also go for a headings (120 -150 words).
open-air entertainers. Another walk along the riverside and enjoy
fascinating place to visit is the peacefulness of the place
Warwick Castle, one of the oldest under the moon and stars. \\, d of r\ don,
castles in Britain. Stratford is the ideal place for
C ..................................................... . an interesting holiday. Don't miss Read these sentences. What do
There are some fantastic the chance to visit it. they mean?
restaurants in Stratford, too. Have

• See new places, meet new faces.


b) Fill in the gaps in the text with the appropriate sub-headings. • Absence makes the heart grow
Eating out) Places to Visit, Nightlife, Shopping, Accommodation fonder.
c) Read the text and take notes under the sub-headings. • Out of sight, out of mind.
Now, look at your notes and talk about Stratford-upon-Avon.

87
Well, as you can see, I'm not! I nearly
died, but these people found me and
saved me. Now I live here with them.
I'm their doctor. I'm learning about the
plants of the rainforest. It is ve,y
Interesting. The Jivaro Indians use
some of the plants as medicine. But
who are you? What are you doing here?

Good work, you two.


______...,_ _..,_.....,~ This is a great sto,y and 'l------~
the pictures are fan-
tastic.

The Jivaro Indians love their land.


They don 't want anyone to kill their
animals, cut down their trees or
destroy their homes. I can help you
write your article and you can tell the
world to protect the rainforest. But -
don't tell anyone about me. I'm happy to take some "snap'' shots of
here. I don't want to go back. the jungle.
The Expedition - Episode 2

Look at the pictures then read the sentences C IllListen to the episode and follow the dialogue.
and circle the correct item. Then take roles and read it out.
1 A snake/An alligator is after David.
Fill in the past simple and underline the correct
2 David and Sandra meet a doctor/the Indians' chief.
3 The Indian wants to see Sandra's bag/camera . linking word.
4 Mike is satisfied/disappointed. David 1) .......... ......... (be) scared and/ because an alligator
2) .............. ..... (be) after him. David and Sandra 3)
Im Who said the following? Listen to the episode ................... (be) on the river bank when/so they 4)
and write S (for Sandra), D (for David), H (for ................... (see) the Jivaro Indians with a white man.
Sandra 5) ................... (not/know) him then/ but David 6)
Doctor Hamperdin) or )I (for Mike).
.. ................. (recognise) him as Doctor Hamperdin. David
7) ................... (be) confused and/ so Doctor Hamperdin
1 Here, hold on to this . 8) ................... (explain) that he lived with the Jivaro
2 Don't be afraid.
Indians after his accident. He 9) ................... (say) the
3 Everybody thinks that you're dead.
Indians 10) ................... (love) their land and/but they 11)
4 He won 't hurt you. ................... (want) to protect it. He 12) ...................
5 The Jivaro Indians love their land . (promise) to help them write their article then/so he 13)
6 Good work, you two.
.. ................. (ask) them not to tell anyone about him.

Match the captions to the pictures.


Read the events and put them in the correct order,
1 the destruction of the rainforest then tell the story.
2 Some people kill the animals. 0They found a canoe.
3 People cut down trees. D Doctor Hamperdin told them about the Jivaro Indians.
4 The Jivaro Indians use some plants as medicine .
[I]Sandra and David got on a plane to Brazil.
0They went to the jungle.
0They fell down a waterfall.
0They heard drums and saw the Jivaro Indians.
0They met Doctor Hamperdin.
D Mike was satisfied with their article.
0They ran to the river.
0Sandra saved David from an alligator.
0Sandra and David came back to London.

Read the text and till in the missing adjectives


from the list.
many, large, serious, longest, whole
The Amazon Rainforest is a 1) ............... beautiful forest
in Brazil, South America. It lies at the mouth of the
Amazon River. The Amazon river is the 2) ................. river
in South America. It runs between the Andes Mountain
Read the episode and answer the questions. Ranges and the Atlantic Ocean.
The Amazon Rainforest is a very beautiful place. A wide
1 Who saved David from the alligator? variety of animals, birds and insects live in it. There are
2 Who was the man Sandra and David met? also 3) ................. trees and plants.
3 Who saved Doctor Hamperdin? Today, the forest has a very 4) ................. problem.
4 Where does he live now? People are cutting down too many of its trees. As a result,
5 What is he doing in the rainforest? much of its animal and plant life is disappearing forever.
6 What don't the Jivaro Indians want? Trees and plants are very important to the environment.
7 Does Doctor Hamperdin want to go back? Some scientists say that the 5) ......................... world is in
8 What does David need to buy? Why? danger because of the destruction of the rainforests.

89
elf-Assessment (Units 9-11)
3 My school is close ............... my house.
4 Football is popular ..................................... children

l Fill in the gaps with the words below.


5 To get to the station, take the second turning ....... .
your left.
fans, guest, beeped. completed. get around. home. 6 Bob wants to study ............... Oxford University.
souveniI; heaiy, roared. birthplace 7 Alex was born ............... 6th August, 1981 .
8 John F. Kennedy died ............... 1963.
1 There is a lot of .................. traffic in the city centre. (8 marks
2 The children were scared when the lions .............. . Fill in the correct adverb.
3 Peter ....... ................ the horn and shouted for help.
4 Princess Diana ............................... her education in 1 loud .........., .... .. 5 happy .................
Switzerland. 2 tight ················· 6 carefu l .................
5 They stayed in a wonderful ........................... house by 3 sleepy - .... ,, ........... 7 desperate - .................
the sea. 4 nervous - ················· 8 good .................
6 Tupelo, Mississippi is Elvis Presley's ..................... .
(8 marks
7 You can only ............................... the island on foot.
8 Paris is ................. .............. to many famous actors.
9 The band has got ...................... in many countries.
10 We stopped at a .......................... shop to buy gifts.
(10 marks) r::: Fill in the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

Underline the correct adjective. 1 When ............... (be) the last time you .............. .......
(tidy} your room?
2 They .................. ................ (go) to Malta last month
3 Yesterday we .................................. (cut} the grass
then we ............................................ (wash) the car
4 When we ........ ............ (go) to Europe last year we
......... .......... (drive) through France and Italy.
5 They .................... ................. (not/ play) my favourite
song at the concert yesterday.
6 The last time I .................... (have) a haircut was twc
weeks ago.
7 My sister ............................. (make) a beautiful cake
yesterday and I .................................. (cook} dinner
8 Sally ...................... ....... (not/visit) her grandparents
last Christmas. so she ............ (write) them a letter
9 Yesterday we ................ ....... (take} the camera witJ-
1 The streets in LA are very crowded/heavy. us, but we ........................... (not/take} any pictures
2 The street was too narrow/wide. Tom couldn 't drive (9 marks
along it.
3 Big cities are often quiet/noisy and polluted.
Fill in the gaps with words from the list.
4 He couldn't buy the shoes because they were too
expensive/cheap. hm ·e got. wasn ·r. were. couldn ·,. was, weren 't, is,
5 He's a very clever/silly child. He knows all the answers. are, can. could. fwren 't got
6 Don't go near the river, it's very safe/dangerous.
1 Today she .................... a famous film star, but wher
7 That is a(n) easy/difficult question. I can't answer it.
she was twenty years old she .................... .
8 It was a boiling cold/hot day, so we went to the beach.
2 There ............... ..... six members in the band now
9 He wasn't scared when the fire started. He was very
Three years ago there ... ..... .... .......... ..... only fou'
brave/blind.
members.
10 I like my teacher. His lessons are very interesting/dull.
3 A: .... ................ you play the guitar well when ym..
(10 marks)
were twelve?
B: No, I .................. but I ................... play it well now
Fill in the correct preposition from the list.
4 I ...................... five brothers , but I ...................... an)
on, with, at, in1 to sisters.
5 When I .................... young, there .................... any
1 The shop was packed ............. fashionable clothes.
nightclubs in the town.
2 This is the most peaceful place ............... the world . (5 marks;

90
Module Self-Assessment 3 (Unils 9- m

J Underline the correct word. 5 A: Where 5) ........................................ last weekend?


B: I went to the art museum.
1 A: Chris thinks Jenny is most/more beautiful than 6 A: Excuse me, 6) .. ........ .............................. .............. ..
Mary. the way to the post office?
B: She is, but she isn't as cleverer/clever as Mary. B: Yes, of course. Go down this street and turn left.
2 A: This is the luxurious/most luxurious hotel of all.
7 A: 7) ................................. Mother go shopping with?
B: But it's on the noisier/noisiest street in Rome.
B: She went with Aunt May.
3 A: Was Claire scary/scared when she saw the lions?
B: Yes, and she screamed desperately/desperate. 8 A: Did you enjoy your holiday?
4 A: Sam's motorbike is much bigger/biggest than B: Yes, it 8) ................................................................ !
Tom's or Frank's. (8 marks)
B: It's also the more/most expensive of all. . ., I•

5 A: This dress is prettier as/than that one.


1.. l\ 6 3.Ullll:J
B: Yes, and it is also the cheapest of/in all.
6 A: The black shoes are cheaper/cheapest than the Fill in the correct words from the lis t, then ask
blue shoes. and answer questions about Winston Churchill.
B: Are they as/much comfortable as the b lue ones?
education. famous, born. helped, studied,
7 A: Did the footballers play good/well yesterday?
B: No, they didn't. They played very badly/bad. loi·ed, worked, married, died
(7 marks) Winston Churchill was a 1) ................................... British
politician. He was 2) .................................. in Oxfordshire,
Match the numbers to the letters to make England, on 30th November, 1874.
sentences. He 3) ......................... at the Royal Military college in
sandhurst. After he completed his 4) ...................... in 1896,
1 The children couldn't a but I didn't have any he became a journalist and 5) .................................... for a
go to the concert ~ sugar or fl our. newspaper. Three years later he became a politician.
2 Paul married Elizabeth because they didn't He became Prime Minister in 1940. He was very popular.
3 We were in the fi shing have any money. The people 6) ..................................... him for his strength
boat C so she didn't buy any. and wisdom. He 7) ...................... his country very much
4 I wanted to make a d and they had four during the second World war. He 8) ..........................
cake, children. Clementine Hozier in 1908.
5 First, they got into the e then they started Churchill 9) .................................. at home in 1965. He
canoe, paddling d own the was 91 years old. (9 marks)
6 Roherta didn't like any river.
of the souvenirs, f when it started to rain.
(6 marks) \\1ri't in Ci
·'
1 Study the information below, then write a short
biography of Bette Davis.
FW in the gaps with phrases from the list.
lucky to be alive. I suppose. back then. though.
who did, was fantastic. did _vou go, can you tell me tJ3,m"E 9JAVIS ftr~-,
fa.movs film and theatre actress / 1~
1 A: Grand ad , what was it like when you were a boy? BORN: Lowell, Massachusetts, l(1~ ~
B: Oh, life was very difficult 1} ................ ................. ! in the USA / 5th April, tL~
,(,
2 A: We can't afford this hotel. It's too expensive! 1908
B: Oh, 2) .... .......................................... you' re right. STUDIED: drama / New York
Let's look for something cheaper. 1931 : go to Hollywood
3 A: Lions are very dangerous animals. You're 1935: win / Oscar for Best Actress
3) ........................................................................... 1 POPULAR: because of her beauty and talent
B: Yes, I know. I was nearly a lion's lunch! MARRIED: Gary Marrill / 1950
(20 marks)
4 A: My house is very old . DIED: 1989 / Paris, France
B: Yes, it is. It's very beautiful, 4) ...... .. ............... .. .. .. . TOTAL: 100 marks

91
What the Future Holds ......... .
~ Read, listen, talk and write about. ..

Ttme
V/lf f Tef f! ----------, I
I
I
• future plans/intentions/predictions ,I
• horoscopes ,
I
I
I
I
I

I
I
I
I

I

'
••'

I

''

• the environment
• tips & rules
.........................................M. ~ ~.~. ~.~- 4
Units 13-15
Learn how to ...
• accept/refuse invitations
• give advice
• give/refuse permission
• express obligation/prohibition
q_ • make a reservation
• invite someone out
• buy souvenirs
Practise ...
• be going to/will/Present
continuous (future meaning)
• there/it will be
• modals (should, shouldn't,
must, mustn't, can, can't)
• present perfect

f lf ;(~ ~
Bf @a ~l
1

• holidays & sights


a) Match the activities (1-10) to
the pictures (A-J).
Iii.lb) Jenny sent a leUer to her friendJ
Sarah. Listen to Sarah read-
ing Jenny's letter and tick (./)
what Jenny is going to do this
summer and put a cross (X)
next to what she isn't going to
do. Then, look at the list and
make sentences, as in the
examples.
Jenny is going to stay at aJabul.ous hotel
Jenny -isn't going to sunbathe.
1 stay at a fabulous hotel [Z]
2 relax O
3 start windsurfing O
4 sunbathe [LI
5 take ballet lessons D
6 work at a cafe D
7 start French lessons 0
a join a gym D
9 sell her house D
10 start a computer course D
') ml Listen again and say what Jenny
~ is doing on !st June. 30th .lune and
16th August.

fl2ar.lin£J
'j Read Jenny's letter and answer
the questions.

1 Where is Jenny going to spend her


summer holiday?
2 What is Jenny going to do during
her holiday?
3 What are Jenny's plans for the rest
of the summer?
4 When is Jenny having a party? Why?

92
Time will Tell

l < n Jl, Ll , lopm nt


» II

Choose words from the lis t to fill in the gaps,


6Greenway Road
We the rs ham then use them to make sentences.
6 May, .... computer. great. go. earn. work. join, lose. fabulous
Dear Sarah 1 ......................... news 5 to .................. money
'
I've got some great news R. h d 2 to ...... ...... on holiday 6 to ................... a gym
on hol'd ; · tc ar and I are going 3 a .......... ............. hotel 7 to ........ ........... weight
t ay Jor a whole m th G
Hawaii! on · uess where - 4 to ... ................... hard 8 a ........ ........ ... course
We're leaving on 1st June. We both I . .
so we're going to sta ; ove swimming, II
to the beach. I'm oi~ at a Jabulous hotel right next
because I'm quit/ tire~ t~j;etax ask:71uch as possible
year. er wor mg hard all this ~--L!.L'l.:S~LLLg, L=-Lt=...LLS t=...Llli LLtb.::LLt:Ll!LLS

We're coming back fro h ld I am/You are/He Is, etc going to


~i~ttl'~~got _lots of plan;f~~rth~ ~e:/~/~;~~~~~~' move house.
earn' someg~~~;a
going to JOtn
· ·
t~;~k
aat/bcaje because I want
Y n uy a new car. I'm also
t; Negative: I'm not/You aren't/He Isn't , etc
going to move house.
a gym to lose so · h Interrogative: Am I/Are you/ls he, etc going to
want to find a better job . me wetg t. Finall y, I move house?
start a computer course. m autumn, so I'm going to Short answers Yes, I am/you are/he ts, etc.
Oh, I nearly forgot/ On 16th Au u ' . No, I'm not/ you aren't/he Isn't, etc.
garden party to celebrate Richard's sii~~~e haitg a
try to come. You're welcome ay. ease
Well, that's all ; to spend the night here.
;or now. Hope to see you soon.
Love, We use be going to to talk about future plans and
Jenny intentions. We use the present continuous to talk
about fixed future arrangements.

plans/intentions fixed arrangements


be going to present continuous
Copy and complete the tables, then talk about
Jenny's plans/intentions and arrangements. Use
because or to-inf to join the sentences.

PLANS/INTENTIONS REASON/PURPOSE

they/stay at ......,, lwtl'! ... 1 they both love ., 11111111/fll!' .


she/relax .... ....... .. ............. she's quite ...... ................ . , I'm flying to Poland
she/work ... .. ... .. ...... .. ... ..... earn ........... ..... ................ .. at 7 o'clock.
she/join .. .. ....... .. ... .... ........ lose ............. .................... .
she/start .. .. ... .. .. ... .. .. .. .... ... find .................................. .
1
Choose activities from the list and say three
I FIXED ARRANGEMENTS things you are going to do at the weekend, and
three things you are not going to do.
they/leave on ............ .... ..... ...................... ...... ............. ... .
stay al home. watch TV, meet my.fl'ienc/J~have a part½
they/come back .................... on .................................. .
play football. study.for a lest. fly to New Delhi. listen tu
they/have a .................. ........ on ....... ........ to ............... .
music and relax. clean my room
They are going ro stay at a hotel next to the beach 1'111 ~oi11~ to li.,1e11 to mmic 1111d relu.,.
because they both lm e .swimming.1
/'111 I/fl( i.:_oiJI!.!. ftf 1
/(\ /(I .\ t!H' f>t1/hi.
93
Time will Tell

Look at Tom's arrangements, then, in pairs, ask


and answer questions, as in the example.

r SAlURDAY 4th JULY


SA: What is Tom
~ 10 a~ isit the dentist doing at ten
~ 11 am: meet Frank for coffee o'clock?
~ 1 pm: have lunch wi~h Jane SB: He's visiting
3 ... .. ......... ................. .. .. 4 ... .. .. .. ........................ ..
~ 5 pm: catch the tram the dentist at
rr to London ten o'clock.
r-·-- - --- -.-J- --~

• We also use be going to for predictions based on


evidence in the present.
• We also use the present continuous for actions
happening now, at the moment of speaking.
be going to: evidence present continuous:
5 .......................... .. ...... . 6 ................. ... ... .. ......... .
that something is going action happen ing now
to happen

There are dark clouds in It's raining.


the sky. It's going to min / ,

7 .. .... .......... .................. . 8 ...... ..................... ...... ..

Look at the pictures and the prompts. In pairs.


ask and answer questions, as in the example.
Finally, write a sentence about each picture.
she/wash the car - he/hcl\'e a bath - she/chink some
orange juice - he/paillt the house - they/play foorball
Picture 1: .\>I: H h a!\ size gni11g to do:'
.'.,B: She:\ going w wa'ih the cur.
Pi< t11re 2: S.~: II hlll'.\· she t/{)ing? ... 9 .................... .. .. .... ....... 10 .. ... ....... ... .......... ..... .. . ..


In two teams, take it in turns to answer your
teacher's questions. Each correct answer gets
one point. The team with the most points is the
winner.
I t:ctd1a. LucJk ar picture' I. l'i ,he 11·1/\hin~ rh£' car?
1 She \· going 10 irnsh the 2 .................................. .
fra111 .·4 S /: \o, ,he im 't. S'he \ ~oi11g ltJ ll'll\h Il1<' rnr.
('{I/'.

94