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412512017 Relationship between dagrees, percent slope, and ato to express slope gradient Greenbelt Consulting Environmental Management, Assessment, Mitigation, Restoration, Education & Outreach me vices Article lassi Bic ‘ontact Relationship between degrees, percent slope, and ratio to express slope gradient By Eliott Menashe, Greenbelt Consuking Slope gradient is a key factor in influencing the relative stability of a slope. It determines the degree to which gravity acts upon a soil mass. Slopes are often irregular and complex, with gradients varying greatly throughout a given shoreline profile, Each slope profile section should be treated as a separate management and restoration site unit, Slope gradient can be expressed in several ways. The slope determination formulas (Figure 1) and common slope gradients table (Figure 2) illustrate the three commonly used notations (ratio, percent and angle), hip siwww greanbelconsulting com/aticlesirlationships html 1a 412512017 Relationship between dagrees, percent slope, and ato to express slope gradient Figure 1. Slope determination formulas HD = Horizontal distance, VO = Vertical distance Formula Example Result Slope ratio (Hi) Hoo 10050 2 Slope percent (%) (WD + HD) x 100 (60+ 100) 100 50% Slope angle (?) ‘ArcTan (VD + HD) AarcTan (50 + 190) 26.6" i 6 = a Slope angle = 26.6" = Horizontal distance (HD) = 100" Figure 2. Common slope gradients Angle Percent) Ratio tv) 25 50 57 100 109 176 149 250 49 180 335 31 193 350 200 364 242 450 26. 490 266 500 2 300 S77 330 667 51 350 700 385 500 420 200 450 100.0 550 1428 hp siwww greanbelconsulting com/aticlesirlationships html 28