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Week 9

1. (F&R, 7.28) Saturated steam at a gauge pressure of 2.0 bar is to be used to heat a stream of ethane.

The ethane enters a heat exchanger at 16°C and 1.5 bar gauge at a rate of 795 m3/min and is heated

at constant pressure to 93°C. The steam condenses and leaves the exchanger as a saturated liquid at

27°C. The specific enthalpy of ethane at the given pressure is 941 kJ/kg at 16°C and 1073 kJ/kg at

93°C.

(a) How much energy (kW) must be transferred to the ethane to heat it from 16°C to 90°C?

(b) Assuming that all the energy transferred from the steam goes to heat the ethane, at what

rate in m3/s must steam be supplied to the exchanger? If the assumption is incorrect, would

the calculated value be too high or too low?

(c) Should the heat exchanger be set up for co-current or counter-current flow (see the

schematic diagram in F&R pg.347)?

2. (F&R

7.42)

CHE2162 Tutorial Problems Semester Two, 2013

3. (F&R, 7.44) A 200.0 L water tank can withstand pressures up to 20.0 bar before rupturing. At a

particular time the tank contains 165.0 kg of liquid water, the inlet and exit valves are closed, and

the absolute pressure in the vapour head space above the liquid (which may be assumed to contain

only water vapour) is 3.0 bar. A plant technician turn on the tank heater, intending to raise the water

temperature to 155°C, but is called away and forgets to return and shut off the heater. Let t1 be the

time the heater is turned on and t2 the moment before the tank ruptures. Use the steam tables for

the following calculations.

(a) Determine the water temperature, the liquid and the head-space volumes (L), and the mass

of water vapour in the head space (kg) at time t1.

(b) Determine the water temperature, the liquid and head-space volumes (L), and the mass of

vapour (kg) that evaporates between t1 and t2. (Hint: make sue of the fact that the total

mass of water in the tank and the total tank volume both remain constant).

(c) Calculate the amount of heat (kJ) transferred to the tank contents between t1 and t2. Give

reasons why the actual heat input to the tank must have been greater than the calculated

amount.

(d) List three different factors responsible for the increase in pressure resulting from the

transfer of heat to the tank.

CHE2162 Tutorial Problems Semester Two, 2013

4. (F&R 7.55) Water is to be pumped from a lake to a ranger station on the side of a mountain (see

figure below). The flow rate is to be 95 gal/min, and the flow channel is a standard 1-in. Schedule 40

steel pipe (ID = 1.049 in.). A pump capable of delivering 8 hp ( ̇ ) is available. The friction loss ̂

(ft.lbf/lbm) equals 0.041L, where L (ft) is the length of the pipe. Calculate the maximum elevation, z,

of the ranger station above the lake if the pipe rises at an angle of 30°.

L

z

30°

CHE2162 Tutorial Problems Semester Two, 2013

5. (F&R 8.15) A stream of water vapour flowing at a rate of 250 mol/h is brought from 600°C and 10 bar

to 100°C and 1 atm.

(a) Estimate the required cooling rate (kW) in three ways: (i) from the steam tables, (ii) using

hypothetical path (heat capacity data Table B.2), and (iii) using specific enthalpy data in

Table B.8.

(b) Which method will be the most accurate to calculate the correct answer in part (a), and

Why?

(c) What is the physical significance of the difference between the values calculated with

methods (i) and (ii)?

6.

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