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(Identical with ASTM Specification B 148-93a for the alloys and tempers covered. Supplementary Requirements have been de-
leted, and certification has been made mandatory.)

1. Scope 3. General Requirements

1.1 This specification establishes requirements for 3.1 Material furnished under this specification shall
sand castings produced from two copper-base alloys conform to the applicable requirements of Specification
having the alloy numbers,1 commercial designations, SB-824.
and nominal compositions shown in Table 1.
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units shall be
regarded as the standard. Metric values given in paren- 4. Ordering Information
theses are for information only. 4.1 Orders for castings under this specification shall
include the following information:

2. Referenced Documents 4.1.1 Quantity of castings required,

2.1 The following documents of the issue in effect 4.1.2 Copper alloy number (Table 2) and temper
on date of material purchase form a part of this (as-cast, heat treated, etc.),
specification to the extent referenced herein:
4.1.3 Specification title, number, and year of issue,
2.1.1 ASTM Standards:
B 208 Practice for Preparing Tension Test Specimens 4.1.4 Pattern or drawing number, and condition
for Copper-Base Alloys for Sand, Permanent Mold, (cast, machined, etc.),
Centrifugal, and Continuous Castings 4.1.5 Analysis of residual elements, if specified
E 10 Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Mate- in the purchase order (Specification SB-824),
E 18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness and Rockwell 4.1.6 Pressure test requirements, if specified in the
Superficial Hardness of Metallic Materials purchase order (Specification SB-824),

2.1.2 ASME Standard: 4.1.7 Soundness requirements, if specified in the

SB-824 Specification for General Requirements for Cop- purchase order (Specification SB-824),
per Alloy Castings 4.1.8 Certification (Specification SB-824),

1 The
4.1.9 Test report, if specified in the purchase order
UNS system for copper and copper alloys (see Practice E 527)
is a simple expansion of the former standard designation system
(Specification SB-824),
accomplished by the addition of a prefix “C” and a suffix “00.”
The suffix can be used to accommodate composition variations of 4.1.10 Witness inspection, if specified in the pur-
the base alloy. chase order (Specification SB-824),

SB-148 1998 SECTION II


Old Desig- Commercial Nominal Composition %

Copper Alloy UNS No. nation Designation Copper Iron Aluminum
Aluminum bronze
C95200 9A Grade A 88.0 3.0 9.0
Aluminum bronze
C95400 9C Grade C 85.0 4.0 11.0


Classification Aluminum Bronze

Aluminum Bronze Classification
Copper Alloy Copper Alloy As-Cast
UNS No. C95200 C95400 UNS No. C95200 C95400
Composition % Tensile strength, min, ksiA 65 75
Copper 86.0 min 83.0 min Yield strength, min, ksiB 25 30
Aluminum 8.5–9.5 10.0–11.5 Elongation in 2 in. 20 12
Iron 2.5–4.0 3.0–5.0 Brinell hardness No.C 110 150
Manganese ... 0.50 max A ksi p 1000 psi.
Nickel B Yield strength shall be determined as the stress producing an elonga-
(incl Cobalt) ... 1.5 max tion under load of 0.5%, that is, 0.01 in. in a gage length of 2 in.
C For information only (see 12.5).
A Analysis shall regularly be made for all the elements designated in D May be temper annealed for better corrosion resistance.
this table.

4.1.11 Approval of weld procedure and records purchaser for these unnamed elements. Copper may be
of repairs, if specified in the purchase order (Section 9), given as remainder and may be taken as the difference
between the sum of all elements analyzed and 100%.
4.1.12 Product marking (Specification SB-824). When all the elements in the table are analyzed, their
sum shall be as specified in the table below.

5. Materials and Manufacture Copper Alloy Copper Plus Named

UNS Number Elements, % Minimum
5.1 The designated alloy may be produced by any C95200 99.0
method that will meet the requirements of this specifi- C95400 99.5
5.2 The castings shall be of uniform quality and
shall be made in such a manner that the material of
the castings conforms to the chemical and mechanical 7. Mechanical Properties
property requirements prescribed in this specification.
7.1 Mechanical properties shall be determined from
separately cast test for castings, and shall meet the
requirements shown in Table 3.
6. Chemical Composition
6.1 The castings shall conform to the chemical
requirements shown in Table 2. 8. Workmanship, Finish, and Appearance
6.2 These specification limits do not preclude the 8.1 The surface of the castings shall be free of
presence of other elements. Limits may be established adhering sand, cracks, and hot tears as determined by
by agreement between manufacturer or supplier and visual examination. Other surface discontinuities shall


meet visual acceptance standards that may be agreed 9.2.6 Welder identification, and
upon by the manufacturer and the purchaser.
9.2.7 Name of inspector.
8.2 The manufacturer shall be responsible for the 9.3 The castings shall not be impregnated without
dimensional accuracy of the castings as related to the approval of the purchaser.
drawing when the pattern equipment is produced by
the manufacturer.
8.3 When the pattern equipment is provided by the 10. Sampling
purchaser, the manufacturer shall be responsible for 10.1 Test bar castings for the Copper Alloy UNS
dimensional accuracy of the castings as related to the Nos. in this specification shall be cast to the form and
provided pattern equipment. dimensions shown in Figs. 1 or 2 in Practice B 208.
8.4 Where thick and thin sections of the castings 10.2 For small remelts the lot size shall not exceed
join, the manufacturer shall be permitted to add (where 1000 lb (455 kg) of castings and shall consist of all
not previously provided) fillets of adequate size, subject of the metal from a single master heat poured from
to approval by the purchaser. an individual melting unit, or group of melting units,
operating during the course of one-half shift, not to
exceed 5 h.
9. Casting Repair
9.1 Alloys included in this specification are generally 11. Test Methods
weldable. All weld repairs shall be made utilizing 11.1 Brinell readings shall be taken on the grip end
welding procedures qualified in accordance with Section of the tension test bar and shall be made in accordance
IX of the ASME Code and repair welding shall be with Test Method E 10, with the exception that a
done by welders or welding operators in accordance 3000-kg load shall be used.
with ASME Section IX. Weld repairs may be made
at the manufacturer’s discretion provided each excava- 11.2 Rockwell hardness readings shall be taken on
tion does not exceed 20% of the casting section or the grip end of the tension test bar and shall be made
wall thickness or 4% of the casting surface area. in accordance with Test Methods E 18.
11.3 When specified in the purchase order, additional
9.2 Excavations that exceed those described in 9.1
hardness testing may be performed on castings. The
may be made at the manufacturer’s discretion except test location and hardness values shall be agreed upon
that when required (4.1.11) the weld procedure shall between the manufacturer and the purchaser.
be approved by the purchaser and the following records
shall be maintained:
9.2.1 A sketch or drawing showing the dimensions, 12. Certification
depth, and location of excavations, 12.1 The certification requirements of Specification
SB-824 are mandatory.
9.2.2 Post weld heat treatment, when applicable,
9.2.3 Weld repair inspection results,
13. Keywords
9.2.4 Casting identification number,
13.1 aluminum-bronze castings; copper alloy castings;
9.2.5 Weld procedure identification number, copper-base alloy castings