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MOCK TEST

SECTION ONE: GRAMMAR

A. Choose the best answer (A, B, C, or D) to fill in each of the gaps in


each sentence.

1. The giraffe uses its long neck ________ feeding to pull down leaves and move
aside branches that are in the way.
A. when B. is C. that it is D. was

2. The Wildlife Management Act of 1983 spelled out the basic rules that apply in
the US today but ________ heavy punishments on poachers selling illegal furs.
A. no B. include C. included no D. are including

3. Warmer temperatures led to changes in the ecology of Europe, ________ the


animal population and methods of hunting.
A. affecting B. and affected C. which affects D. effecting

4. ________ Henry Ford was a Nazi sympathizer was well known, but that hardly
stopped him from displaying an astonishing ability as a businessman.
A. That B. Because C. While D. Being

5. Perhaps we should think in terms of raising interest rates ________ them, in


consideration of the new reports about inflation reported last June.
A. then reducing B. and reduce C. although reduce D. rather than
reducing

6. Martin Luther King Jr., after his father’s assassination, ________ the mission of his
father to fight for the rights of blacks in America and achieved some notable
success in the 1970s.
A. continued B. continuing C. and continues D. is continuing

7. The Blood Band Indian tribe supports the Montana operations on the reserve,
and, backed by casino profits, ________ the show piece of Winston-Salem.
A. The Kootenay Band Tribe becoming
B. While The Kootenay Band Tribe becomes
C. Because The Kootenay Band Tribe became
D. The Kootenay Band Tribe has become

8. There are two core requirement courses that must be passed to successfully
gain credit for the computer engineering course: software programming and
________.
A. hardware designing B. another that is
hardware designing.
C. one is hardware designing. D. also hardware designing.

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9. Although he suffered from discrimination, Martin Luther King a man who
believed in reconciliation, and only rarely ________ a grudge during his Civil
Rights movement.
A. he carried B. did he carry C. when he carried D. that he carried

10. On most of automobile factories, ________ the assembly line production is now
computer guided for efficient manufacturing and inventory control.
A. even such age old techniques as B. when even such an age old
C. even such an age old technique as D. even such an age old technique is

11. Neither the poor record of the management staff nor the high debt ratio of the
firm ________ to have deterred the influx of investors.
A. seem B. and seems C. but would seem D. seems

12. Laser eye surgeries, once considered risky and dangerous, ________ that 90
percent of recipients can now expect to live more than a year after the
operation.
A. which are now so successful B. are now so successful
C. they are now so successful D. is now so successful

13. The superior efficiency of solar energy houses ________ reflects years of
experiment, research and refinement.
A. over traditional electrically heated ones B. more than
traditional electrically heated ones
C. above traditional electrically heated ones D. instead of
traditional electrically heated ones

14. In their quest to create a law abiding, clean and green society, the Singaporean
government ________ the entire population under tight regulations.
A. opens and keeps B. openly kept C. openly keeping
D. openly keeps

15. ________ the Internet’s speed and efficiency in sending mail electronically rather
than by transport, it has become more popular among young people than
traditional mail.
A. Since B. As a consequence C. However D.
Because of

B. Choose the underlined part (A, B, C, or D) that needs to be changed in


order to make each sentence grammatically correct.

16. It was once thought that Homer had never lived and that the poems ascribed
to him were of
A B
C
composing authorship.
D

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17. Having seen the monster crossing the room and having heard the sound of his
voice coming up
A B
C
the stairs, Frankenstein knew it was him at the door.
D

18. It is important for this venture to be adequately capitalized and financed if a


satisfactory
A B C
conclusion is to be achieved.
D

19. The magazine article published an article on how much time was he wasting
and included
A B
an analysis of his chance of being an Alzheimer victim.
C D

20. It was mentioned in the e-mail that, beside two cars in Beverly Hills, a mansion
in the country
A B
and several undeveloped plots of land were owned by the cult leader.
C D

21. The laws states that the IRS can conduct audits when necessary, paying no
heed
A B
to neither the complaints they hear nor the financial records the client thinks
are importance.
C D

22. It is believed that the entire crew of the plane that impacted with another plane
are dead and
A B
C
a press release to this effect will be forwarded to their families.
D

23. Today’s announcement is definitely very bad news of Hanscom Air Force Base
and the
A B
army’s Natick Research Lab and very promising news for the Knight Naval Air
Station.
C D

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24. Despite political pressure from the major cattle industries, so far no single
company
A
from today’s Singapore-based East European Banking Conglomerate including
B
its Asian affiliate organizations are registered with the institution.
C D

25. The company has a sales turnover of $97 million a year, invests a total $27
million a year in
A
B
research and development, and it plays a significant role in the local economy.
C D

26. Because of incredible pressure by his father, even as a child, John Stuart Mills
was far faster
A B
C
than everyone at school at reading.
D

27. The producer of the controversial film the Titanic had been surprised at the
incredible interest
A B
shown which has resulted in the movie being screened by 103 countries
C D

28. Toyota announced today that sales of vehicles to customers made in Japan had
increased by
A
B
10 percent over the last financial year while sales of American-made vehicles
had slumped.
C
D

29. The bigger wage increase was achieved by the Teamsters during the
Depression, but the wage
A B
gain was a fraction of today’s average settlement
C D

30. Methods of building bridges vary but focus on preventing the planks from
cracking and
A B
to keep them at their optimum state of stability.

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C D

SECTION TWO: VOCABULARY

A. Choose the best answer (A, B, C, or D) closest in meaning to the


underlined word/phrase in each sentence.

1. It is inevitable that smoking will damage your health.


A. invading B. unhealthy C. unavoidable D. intriguing

2. What you need after a hard week’s work is a little frivolity over the weekend.
A. luxury B. harmony C. fireworks D. triviality

3. The general planned a new stratagem to conquer the rebel forces.


A. strafing B. scheme C. bomb D. headquarters

4. Only a quack would recommend a lettuce diet to an athlete.


A. charlatan B. duck C. coach D. doctor

5. The expression “out of the frying pan and into the fire” means to go from one
dilemma to a worse one.
A. situation B. predicament C. embarrassment D. aura

6. He made one last futile effort to convince her and left the house.
A. difficult B. favorable C. firm D. ineffectual

7. After climbing to the zenith, he slowly worked his way down the mountain.
A. zero B. top C. cabin D. mountain

8. A glib answer will not serve for a serious question.


A. gross B. capable C. facile D. ignorant

9. Mary set off on her vacation with the intention of finding a tall, dark, handsome,
debonair companion.
A. doleful B. decent C. urbane D. mercenary

10. Ponce de Leon searched in vain for a means of rejuvenating


the aged.
A. making young again B. making weary again
C. making wealthy again D. making merry again

B. Choose the answer (A, B, C, or D) to fill in each of the following gaps.

Earthquakes are amongst the most destructive (1) _______ disasters. They
usually (2) _______ without any warning and (3) _______ in a great (4)
_______ of life and an enormous demolition of buildings. Additionally, they may
cause devastating landslides or create gigantic tidal waves which, in (5) _______,

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are colossal walls of water smashing into seashores with such force that they
are (6) _______ of destroying coastal cities. However, the (7) _______ majority of
fatalities and serious injuries (8) _______ about when buildings (9) _______.

Most frequently, the earthquake lasts 30 to 60 seconds, so usually there is no


time to (10) _______ the mortal (11) _______ once the shaking starts. The savage
forces of an earthquake trigger (12) _______ a complex chain (13) _______ in the
building's structure when it is shaken, lifted, pushed or pulled. A building's
height, its shape and construction materials are the most significant (14) _______
deciding about the survival or collapse of the structure and, consequently,
about the life or death of its (15) _______.

1. A. nature B. naturalistic C. natural D. native


2. A. hit B. strike C. fall D. attack
3. A. result B. effect C. lead D. cause
4. A. fatality B. waste C. harm D. loss
5. A. fact B. certainty C. honesty D. truth
6. A. potential B. conceivable C. capable D. possible
7. A. wide B. broad C. full D. vast
8. A. bring B. come C. lay D. make
9. A. demolish B. jumble C. destroy D. collapse
10. A. avert B. evade C. abstain D. restrain
11. A. upkeep B. upturn C. upshot D. uptake
12. A. up B. on C. out D. off
13. A. activity B. motion C. progress D.
reaction
14. A. factors B. phenomena C. points D.
ingredients
15. A. settlers B. citizens C. inhabitants D.
burghers

SECTION THREE: READING

Passage I

With Robert Laurent and William Zorach, direct carving enters into the story of
modern sculpture in the United States. Direct carving ― in which the sculptors
themselves carve stone or wood with mallet and chisel ― must be recognized as
something more than just a technique. Implicit in it is an aesthetic principle as well
that the medium has certain qualities of beauty and expressiveness with which
sculptors must bring their own aesthetic sensibilities into harmony. For example,
sometimes the shape or veining in a piece of stone or wood suggests, perhaps
even dictates, not only the ultimate form, but even the subject matter.
The technique of direct carving was a break with the nineteenth-century
tradition in which the making of a clay model was considered the creative act and
the work was then turned over to studio assistants to be cast in plaster or bronze
or carved in marble.
Neoclassical sculptors seldom held a mallet or chisel in their own hands, readily

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conceding that the assistants they employed were far better than they were at
carving the finished marble.
With the turn-of-the-century Crafts movement and the discovery of
nontraditional sources of inspiration, such as wooden African figures and masks,
there arose a new urge for hands-on, personal execution of art and an interaction
with the medium. Even as early as the 1880's and 1890's, nonconformist European
artists were attempting direct carving. By the second decade of the twentieth
century, Americans ― Laurent and Zorach most notably ― had adopted it as their
primary means of working.
Born in France, Robert Laurent (1890-1970) was a prodigy who received his
education in the United States. In 1905 he was sent to Paris as an apprentice to an
art dealer, and in the years that followed he witnessed the birth of Cubism,
discovered primitive art, and learned the techniques of woodcarving from a frame
maker. Back in New York City by 1910, Laurent began carving pieces such as The
Priestess, which reveals his fascination with African, pre-Columbian, and South
Pacific art. Taking a walnut plank, the sculptor carved the expressive, stylized
design. It is one of the earliest examples of direct carving in American sculpture.
The plank's form dictated the rigidly frontal view and the low relief. Even its
irregular shape must have appealed to Laurent as a break with a long-standing
tradition that required a sculptor to work within a perfect rectangle or square.

1. The word “medium” could be used to refer to ________.


A. stone or wood B. mallet and chisel C. technique D.
principle

2. What is one of the fundamental principles of direct carving?


A. A sculptor must work with talented assistants.
B. The subject of a sculpture should be derived from classical stories.
C. The material is an important element in a sculpture.
D. Designing a sculpture is a more creative activity than carving it.

3. The word “dictates” is closest in meaning to ________.


A. reads aloud B. determines C. includes D. records

4. How does direct carving differ from the nineteenth-century tradition of


sculpture?
A. Sculptors are personally involved in the carving of a piece.
B. Sculptors find their inspiration in neoclassical sources.
C. Sculptors have replaced the mallet and chisel with other tools.
D. Sculptors receive more formal training.

5. The word “witnessed” is closest in meaning to ________.


A. influenced B. studied C. validated D. observed

6. Where did Robert Laurent learn to carve?


A. New York B. Africa C. The South Pacific D. Paris

7. The phrase “a break with” is closest in meaning to ________.

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A. a destruction of B. a departure from C. a collapse of D. a
solution to

8. The piece titled The Priestess has all of the following characteristics EXCEPT
A. The design is stylized. B. It is made of marble.
C. The carving is not deep. D. It depicts the front of a person.

Passage II

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