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YOUTH AND CHILDREN RIGHTS SHIELD (YOCRIS

)

PROJECT EVALUATION REPORT

“ENHANCING COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN RESPONSE TO CHILD LABOUR”

31ST DECEMBER 2007
Youth and Children Rights Shield (YOCRIS) P. O. Box 180 Dedza Malawi Tel/Fax : +265 1 223 745 Mobile : +265 9 511 879 E –mail: yocris1@yahoo.com

YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I II 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0

EVALUATION SCOPE TOOLS AND LIMITATIONS INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND INFORMATION PROJECT DESIGN ANALYSIS OF PLANNED ACTIVITIES, PLANNED OUTPUTS AND ACHIEVED OUTPUTS ANALYSIS OF IMPACT AT OUT COMES LEVEL PROJECT STRATEGIC ACHIEVEMENT OVERALL ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE PROJECT CHALLENGES RECOMMENDATIONS CONCLUSIONS

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT I EVALUATION SCOPE

Objectives of the study The evaluation was called for specifically to achieve the following objectives: To assess how the project has performed pragmatically and ascertain whether there is any impact created. To review the reporting system, identify gaps and proposed reporting system in relation child rights issues Period The Evaluation schedule lasted for (3) three weeks begging from the day when the contract was signed (14th December 2007) to the day of submission of final report. Mode of working A working calendar for 15 days was drawn and shared with YOCRIS. The consultant drew the study tools A project officer from YOCRIS was attached to work together with the consultant for the community related work Expected out put 1 comprehensive report of the project performance Proposed Reporting system in relation child rights issues

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT II TOOLS AND LIMITATIONS

The following are the tools which were development and used during the evaluation: 1. Focus Group Discussions (FGD) The discussions were done with the following groups: Men Women Boys Girls 2. Semi Structure Interview (SSI) The semi-structured interviews were done with the following cadres: Community Child Protection Committees Village development Committees

3. Key informant Interview (KII) The following groups of key informant were interview Parents of child labourers Group Village heads Children withdrawn from Child labour Executive Director –YOCRIS 4. 5. Seasonal calendar Busometer

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT 1.0 INTRODUCTION

Youth and children rights shield (YOCRIS) has been implementing project that aimed at protecting child rights through prevention and monitoring of child labour related issues. The project was implemented in the area of traditional Authority Kachere in selected four Village development Areas ; Chikufikani Village Development Committee Kapesi Village Development Committee

Mnjonja Village Development Committee Chimalira Village Development Committee The project was funded by NORAD through Human Rights Consultative Committee (HRCC) HRCC-NORAD Basket fund to total funding of MK2,496,970.00 (US$18,000.00). The implementation of the project started from August 2006 and was expired to end September 2007.

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT 2.0 Background information

Child Labour is one of the worst forms of Child abuse. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), Child labour remains a serious problem in the world today. Malawi is one of the countries where child labour is being practiced. Many children are being trafficked or voluntarily leaving the rural setups migrating to other rural set ups and urban areas where they are engaged in child labour. Dedza district is one of the districts, which has high numbers of children being trafficked to districts within Malawi and tobacco estates in Mozambique and Zambia where they are engaged in child labour as domestic workers or estate workers. Such children drop out of primary schools willingly or forced by their parents to go to urban areas and estates where they are employed to suffice their family income. According to The Malawi 2002 Child Labour survey, they are 1.4 million child labourers. 734,845 of the child labourers aged 5-17 and are in agriculture. 288,341 children aged 1-17 are in hazardous labour. 603,780 child laborers are in community, social and personal services sector. 26.5 % of child labourers never attended school: while, as 53 % did not complete junior primary school (ILO, 2002). Desk review carried out by YOCRIS at Dedza Labour offices in January 2005 indicate that quite a number of children between the ages of 8-17 are going out of their villages to places where they are engaged in child labour. For instance in Mcheneka Village alone, 142 children as of February 2005 were engaged in different forms of child labour in the urban and rural areas. Out of the 142 children, 61 were girls whilst 81 were boys. In Mfutso village within the targeted area, 107 children by February 2005 had gone to places where they are engaged in child labour. Out of these children 53 were girls and 54 were boys. Statistics at Dedza District labour Office indicate that on average most of villages supply about 70 Children to Child labour. A sample survey in 6 primary schools in the targeted area shows that there is a considerable drop out of pupils and is linked to child labour related issues. Causes of Child Labour Child labour is caused by a number of factors and below are some of them: Lack of preventive, monitoring and reporting mechanism on the issues to do with child rights abuse, Lack of coordination in combating child labour activities, Lack of awareness of children rights on the part of children themselves makes it difficult for children themselves to claim and defend for their rights, Lack of awareness on the effects of child trafficking and child labour, Lack of child rights knowledge in totality, Low community participation in combating child labour, Lack of understanding of rights-based approach and Poor economic growth

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT

3.0

PROJECT DESIGN

Project Goal To contribute towards reduction of child labour in the area of Traditional Authority Kachere in Dedza by July 2007 Project purpose To create a society where communities collaborate in the prevention of child labour and other child rights violations. Specific Objectives Specifically, the project intends to achieve the following objectives: 1. To reduce child labour by 10% April 2007 2. To increase community participation and district coordination in preventing, monitoring and reporting of child labour by March 2007. 3. To enhance the capacity of YOCRIS in advocating for the elimination of child labour by July 2006 Target Groups a. Children b. Parents c. Local Leadership d. Local Governance Structures e. Target area Implementation Strategies Advocacy Research Capacity building a. Community level b. Institutional level Activities In order to successfully achieve the outlined goal and objectives , the had the following activities.: a. Pre-consultation meeting with concerned communities b. Stakeholders’ orientation and formation of district child labour forum c. Baseline survey d. Train of district master trainers of child labour e. Train ADC, VDCs on child rights, child labour , monitoring and reporting of child rights abuses and formation of community child labour monitoring committees f. Follow up on the formed child labour committees

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT g. Traincommunity child labour monitoring committees h. Production of IEC materials i. Conduct community debates j. Conduct child rights awareness campaigns k. Monitoring And Evaluation

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4.0 No 1.

ANALYSIS OF PLANNED ACTIVITIES, PLANNED OUTPUTS AND ACHIEVED OUTPUTS Planned Out Put 5 meetings Actual output 5 meetings conducted Out Come Mobilized community leadership support towards the project implementation. Established analysis of the real situation on the extent on child labour issues in the project implementation area. The trainers were the one engaged in train. They also continue training other up to know Mobilized support from the ADC Created sub committee on Child labour The T-Shirts ands Fliers are spreading the messages and bring project visibility Comment The activity done as planned and achieved the intended result.

Planed Activity

2.

Pre-consultation meetings with concerned communities Baseline survey One report produced

One report produced

Activity done as planned

3.

Train district trainers 15 trained of child labour trainers (TOT) Train ADC on child rights, child labour monitoring and reporting Print and distribute IEC materials 30 trained ADC Members 1000 fliers printed Print 150 TShirts

15 trained

The training for trainer provided room for sustainability and expertise in the area of training in relation to Child labour. The out put is more that the actual out planned showing some room for continue consolations with the beneficiaries. The number of 150 T-shirts against 51 Villages appeared not to be enough as many people continue to ask for T-shirts up to now. n

4.

50 trained ADC members

5.

6.

stakeholders 1 meeting orientation and 30 members formation of district oriented child labour forum Conduct Child labour committee meetings 4 meetings

1000 fliers printed and distributed 150 T-Shirts printed and distributed 1 meeting conducted 30 members oriented 4 meetings

Establishment of the district child labour committee started

7.

The meeting provided room for information sharing

The child labour committee changed its name to child protection committee. The process of the establishment took look to come to final stage due to politics which was within the district assembly The activity was done as planned though the last meeting was done very late December 2007 instead of September

YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT

8.

9.

train VDC on child 80 VDC rights, child labour members monitoring and trained reporting 4 child labour committees formed Train community 4 child labour committees monitoring trained committees 105 members trained Conduct debates community 8 debates

152 members trained Child labour committees formed

The committees have been able to implement the skill and knowledge gained during the training

2007. the reason given was that this activity was meant to be completed with funds fro the YOCRIS which would be later refunded by MHRRC. However the funds were not ready at the time they need to use according to sourced information at YOCRIS The number of VDC members trained was higher than planed which was to the advantage of the project.

4 committees trained 80 members trained

The committees are the ones doing the day to day work on the ground.

10.

8 debates

11.

12.

conduct child rights awareness campaigns using open rallies Procure bicycles

8 open rallies conducted 5 bicycles procured

8 open rallies conducted

5 bicycles procured and

Increased knowledge level on child labour issues among members of the community Increased knowledge level on child labour issues among members of the community Improved mobility by community child

The number of the out put is lower that what showing in the log frame. However the budgeted number of participants is 80. we can therefore conclude that the number has been reached at targeted only that they figure is not tallying with the number in the log flame The activity was done as planned and it achieved its intended purpose.

The activity was done as planned and it achieved its intended purpose.

The bicycles achieved the indeed purpose.

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT

and distributed 13. Conduct Quarterly 4 meetings review meeting

protection committees in monitoring child labour issues. 9 review meetings Sharing of challenges conducted and braining storming of solutions to the problems.

distributed

14.

Carry out monitoring 400 visits activities

56 regular visits made

Linking the issues from the communities with district officials ( from YOCRIS and the District Assembly)

The increase in number is quite good. It is reported that the other four review meeting were not financed be cause were demanded the committees and that were not budget for. The committees also indicated that they did not want money but to have to have issues which they have sorted out. The number of monitoring visits was far below than what was planned. This according to the Execute Director of YOCRIS is due to under estimate of the distance they did during budgeting and also due to high consumption of fuel of the vehicles they have been using going fore monitoring.

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5.0

ANALYSIS OF IMPACT AT OUT COMES LEVEL Indictors # of children with drawn # of children enrolled back in school a result of this project # of children whose working condition have improved Cumulative Progress 104 children withdrawn from cattle herding 165 children (76 girls and 89 boys) withdrawn from household chores work 78 boys withdrawn from farming 28 withdrawn out side Dedza 29 girls withdrawn from child Prostitution (the girls were trafficked from other district) 81 Children (18 girls and 63 boys) Back to school 178 children (127 boys and 51 boys) have had their working conditions improved to meet minimum standards (683 children befitted from the project) There is high level of community participation and coordination in dealing with child labour issues as observed during the focus group discussions.

Out comes Reduced child labour by 10%

Increased community participation and district coordination on child labour and other child rights violations Enhanced Capacity of YOCRIS in advocating for elimination of child labour

Extent to which the committees and members of the community involve themselves in dealing with issues of child labour. Improved delivery of services Improved capacity

• • • •

1 person prosecuted and was successfully sentenced for child labour and YOCRIS won the case One project staff recruited to manage the project The project contributing to the administration costs At the time of evaluation YOCRIS was busy at police spearheading prosecution of two people suspected of recruiting children at bar girls (prostitutes) at Chimbiya trading center

6.0 1.

PROJECT STRATEGIC ACHIEVEMENT To enhance the capacity of YOCRIS in advocating for the elimination of child labour by July 2006

This is one of the strategic objectives the project wanted to achieve. The project has achieved this strategic objective as follows: 1. Recruitment of project officer (a project officer was recruited and specifically was responsible for implementing this project Mr. Mosses Busher) 2. Administrative Support The project some contributed towards rental payments, salaries for staff , communication and electricity bills 3. The project provides some resources for monitoring though the amount was very low as compared to the area and distance of the project area. 4. The project provided training for trainers of child labour issues which also included members of staff from YOCRIS. As a result of this training there was an increased knowledge on Child labour issues Case studies to show increased knowledge and improved capacity learn from news cuttings

Girls who were rescued from employment Child prostitution: More information on the news cuttings

YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT

At the time of this study (DECEMBER 2007) YOCRIS was in Court with two people who had also employed girls as child prostitution.

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT 2. To increase community participation and district coordination in preventing, monitoring and reporting of child labour by March 2007.

This is another strategic objective the project planned to achieve. In the selected area where this project was implemented there is improvement in terms of community participation and coordination in dealing child labour issues. The graph below demonstrates: Table 1: Graphic representation of community participation trends in all the VDCs

100 90
Level of Participation in %

80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Kapesi Chikufikani Mnjonja Chimalira In the course of the Project At the end of the project Before Project

The graph above shows the trend of community participation and coordination in preventing and monitoring child labour at three levels. The fist level is where it was measured before the beginning of the project while the middle bar it at the middle of implementation and the lat bar very tall it is at the end of the project. Table 2 Matrix representation of community participation trends in all the VDCs in numerical forms

Kapesi VDC Before Project 10%

Chikufikani VDC 19.5 % 67% 85%

Mnjonja VDC 12% 70% 90%

Chimalira VDC 10% 75% 92%

In the course of 50% the Project At the end of the 80% project

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT

Case studies of community participation and coordination at both district and community level Establishment of community child protection committees (4) Facilitation of the creation of district child protection committee being chaired by YOCRIS and District Social welfare office as the secretariat. Partnership in child labour issues organizations with the district (recently operation YOCRIS did in December on owners who employed girl children as bar girls involved Labour district office , YOCRIS and Police) Increased community awareness on child labour issues Creation of bylaws for people who come to collect labourers in T/A Kachere area by the Area Development Committee. Bylaws in there area of TA Kachere relating people who come to collect children to and work outside the district whether in their own or in the company of adults. By laws: 1. Any vehicle that comes in T/A Kachere to collect labourers should come through the District labour office where they should be given letter of authority to take labourers to where every they want to go with them. 2. Having collected the letter from the district labour officer they should go through the T/A’s office where they should be given letter of authority from the T/A to go to the villages to collect people. 3. Having arrived in the villages before start taking people they should first report to Village head and show the village head the letter of authorization they got from the T//A . 4. Upon leaving they should bid bye to the village head who together with the Child protection committee inspect the vehicle to check if there are no children aboard. 5. Any child should be told to disembark from the car if found. 6. Any family who has children in their company should also be told to disembark from the car. 7. On the way back from the village the vehicle should pass through the T/A who should also verify that in the car there are no children whether on their own or in the company of their parents. Any one who also at T/As office is believed to be a child is forced to disembark from the car. Then the T/A gives the owner of the car a letter that he has to take with him to labour office indicating that very thing is okay. 8. Any car that come to the T/A or Villages without authorization letter is sent back to the district labour office.

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3.

To reduce child labour by 10%

The project has achieved tremendously its intended goal in relation to reduction of child labour overall it has reduced child labour in the selected four Village development Committees with average over of 81%. Table 3: Matrix showing the number of children who re engaged in child labour at the beginning of the project, mid way implementation and at the end of the project. The totals give an overall decrease of 81% of children engaged in child labour
Kapesi Village Development Committee Chikufikani Village Development Committee Mnjonja Village Development Committee Chimalira Village Development Committee Before The Project 86 187 273 264 After 7 Months 42 78 157 111 After 14 months 24 32 49 42

Table 4: Linier graph showing impact performance of the project emerging from Table 3.

Project Impact Perfomance Assessment
Children engaged in child labour 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Before The Project After 7 Months Project Span Kapesi Chikufikani Mnjonja Chimalira After 14 months

YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT

Table 5: Bar chart showing numbers of children withdrawn from various forms of child labour and others that have gone back to school as a result of the project.

50 40 30 Children Withdrawn20 10 0 Dec Jan Feb Mar

Children Saved by the Project

Apr

May

June

July

Aug

Sept

Oct

Nov

Dec

Cattle herding withdrawn out side Dedza Improved condition of services

Household chores Child Prostitution

Farming Children Back to school

Table 6: Matrix showing numbers of children withdrawn from various forms of child labour and others that have gone back to school as a result of the project.
Dec 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 Jan 0 0 1 0 0 19 3 Feb 6 23 0 2 0 0 12 Mar 10 12 0 7 0 19 2 Apr 15 32 0 3 0 0 11 May 21 11 0 9 0 34 17 June 18 17 0 0 7 9 43 July 3 10 0 0 3 0 17 Aug 0 13 12 0 0 0 18 Sept 14 4 23 0 4 0 23 Oct 0 34 11 0 0 0 16 Nov 0 9 31 7 2 0 12 Dec 17 0 0 0 13 0 0 Total 104 165 78 28 29 81 178

Cattle herding Household chores Farming withdrawn out side Dedza Child Prostitution Children Back to school Improved condition of services

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7.0

OVERALL ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE PROJECT 1. Established community structures (community child protection committees) to coordinate in preventing, monitoring and reporting of child labour related issues at community level. 2. Improved coordination dealing child labour issues. 3. District coordination structure for child protection issues beyond child labour (district child protection committee being chaired by YOCRIS and District Social welfare office as secretariat) 4. Reduced the number of children engaged in child labour. the Table below shows number of children serviced by the project in each area Cattle herding Household chores Farming withdrawn out side Dedza Child Prostitution Children Back to school Improved condition of services of children working to meet minimum standards 104 165 78 28 29 81 178

5. Enhanced capacity for the community structures (village development committees, (child protection committees an to deal with child labour issues capacity increased knowledge and skills. 6. Increase knowledge and awareness on what continues child labour among the members of the community in the targeted 4 VDCs (Chimalira, Chikufikani, Kapesi and Mnjonja)

YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT 8.0 CHALLENGES The following are major challenges the project faced 8.1 Monitoring a. Inadequate Monitoring visits. The project proposed to have approximately 400 visits is its entire project period. However there are about 56 visits made to monitor project progress. YOCRIS management retaliated that inadequate monitoring visits were as a result of little amount of fuel allocated to monitoring as compared to the distance covered during monitoring because the project was being implemented in an area that was about 70 Kilometers from Dedza Boma. However because of the good monitoring tools the organization has been able to capture a lot of data. b. Little follow ups on issues. Because of the few visits made to the field there was little follows ups from YOCRIS office to the field in terms of issues. One monitoring visits would was programmed to include a number of villages and this never provided ample time for the organization to exhaustively follow up on some issues. However the issues were being addressed by the child protection committees which form strength of the project in terms sustainability. Some of the issues were followed up using telephones and this was expensive on part of the implementing organization. 8.2 IEC materials a. Inadequate T-shirts. Almost every Child protection committee complained that the T-shirts distributed were not enough. The feeling was that it would be better if half of the village had received T-shirt because those also remind the community the present of the project. Of paramount importance the committees suggested that at least every member of the committees should at least have received a T-shirt. The project printed 150 T-shirts were used as awards during awareness campaigns Project coverage area a. Request to extend the coverage area. The project was planned to cover 4 VDCs in the first year of implementation. However the committees report that they have had pressure from their neighboring VDCs to extend the implementation of the activities to the near VDCs. The challenge is that the VDCs which extended their services to other VDCs had very large distance to cover. Since such VDCs were not planed to be covered in the project activities in those other VDCs were done haphazardly facilitated by the VDCs which were trained. Refusal of re admission of entry into primary schools Some schools refused to readmit some children who were withdrawn from child labour the reason being that they were seeking fro admission at the time when the schools were in the middle of the school calendar.

8.3

8.4

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT 8.5 Alternative to child labour as a source of income. The project did not provide an alternative to households that used children as their source of income. The project should realize that some children engaged in child labour because there are orphans or their parents were not able to provide them with necessities.

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT 9.0 RECOMMENDATIONS The following are major challenges the project faced 9.1 Monitoring Inadequate Monitoring visits. It recommended that in future projects YOCRIS should adequately budget for monitoring. A proper number of visits per month must be derived at to ensure that there are enough follow ups on issues that require follow ups. 9.2 IEC materials Issues of T-shirts in a number of projects always become a hot issue as every one would want to get a T-shirt. With limited funding produce T-Shirts must be prudently distributed. In future projects, T-shirts must be first distributed to key structures such as community structures that are directly linked to the project and others later. 9.3 Project Extension The committees indicate that there is need to have replicated in other VDCs . However the following has to be taken into consideration if plans are underway to replicate the project in other areas. 1. The VDCs where this project was being implemented should not be abandoned. 2. There is need to come up with follow up projects that would sustain children withdrawn from the labour to as to ensure that children withdrawn do not go back to child labour. 3. Future projects of child labour should propose to include initiatives that will provide alternatives to child labour for the families that are prone to have their children engaged in child labour. 9.4 Refusal of re admission of entry into primary schools The community structures must be linked which school management committees and Primary Education Advisors for proper guidance on issues of re admission.

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YOCRIS - CHILD LABOUR PROJECT END REPORT 10.0 CONCLUSIONS

“ENHANCING COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN RESPONSE TO CHILD LABOUR” project has been implementing well though gaps identified in areas of monitoring. Overall the project performance has been satisfactory. The project ha s benefited children who were exposed to child labour and can continue to benefit more. There is need to have the project continued but inkling new aspects that can maintain the children withdrawn from child labour.

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