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QUESTION BANK

Name of the branch: MECHANICAL Year & Sem: III-II

Name of the subject: DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS II

Name of the faculty, Designation & Mobile number: G. NAVEEN RAJU, Assistant prof.,

9966877934

Date of Examination: 17-04-2016 Academic Year: 2016-17

UNIT-III

APPEARED IN

MARKS

S.N0 QUESTION (R05,R07,

Assigned

R09, R13)

(a) How do you classify the chain drives.

(b) A rope drive is to transmit 250kW from a pulley of 1.2m diameter,

running at a speed of 300 rpm. The angle of lap may be taken as π radians.

The groove half angle is 22.50. The ropes to be used are 50mm in diameter.

The mass of the rope is 1.3 kg per meter length and each rope has a

1

maximum pull of 2.2kN, the coefficient of friction between rope and pulley

is 0.3. Determine the number of ropes required. If the overhung of the

pulley is 0.5m, suggest suitable size for the pulley shaft if it is made of steel

with a shear stress of 40MPa.

R07 16

Design a belt drive pulley for transmitting 10kW at 180 rpm. The velocity of

the belt is not to exceed 10m/s, and the maximum tension is not to exceed

2

15N/mm width. The tension on the slack side is one half of that on the

tight side. Determine all the principal dimensions of the pulley. R07 16

A V- belt drive is to be transmit 14.7 kW to a compressor. The motor speed

3 is 1150rev/min and the compressor pulley runs at 400rev/min. Determine

the size and number of belts required. R07 16

Design a V-belt drive actuated by an electric motor and driving a belt

conveyor. The power supplied by the electric motor is 4kW and the angular

4 speed at the input shift is 150rad/sec. The speed ratio of the drive is to be

approximately 2.8. The drive will be used for two shifts daily and subjected

to a moderately varying load with a start up over load of 150%. R07 16

Design a cast iron pulley of 630mm diameter to transmit 10kW at a speed

of 500 r.p.m. The center plane of the pulley overhangs the nearer bearing

5

by 300mm. The belt ends are parallel and horizontal and the belt tension

ratio is 2:1. R07 16

Design a belt pulley to transmit 10kW at 180 r.p.m. The velocity of the belt

6 is not to exceed 500 meter/minute and the maximum tension is not to

exceed 15N/mm width. The tension on the slack side is one half that on the R07 16

tight side. Calculate all the dimensions of the pulley. Sketch neatly the

sectional elevation and end view showing all leading dimensions.

(b) Select a suitable V-belt drive to connect a 7.5kW, 1440 rpm induction

7 motor to run a fan at approximately 480 rpm for a service of 16hrs per day.

The space available for centre distance is 1000mm.

R07 4+12

Power of 70kWat 850 rpm is to be transmitted from an electric motor to

compressor shaft at 400 rpm by V-belts. The approximate larger pulley

diameter is 1500mm. The approximate center distance is 1650mm, and

overload factor is to be taken as 1.5. Give a complete design of the belt

drive. A belt with cross sectional area of 350mm2 and density 1000kg/m3

8 and having an allowable tensile strength 2 MPa is available for use. The

coefficient of friction between the belt and the pulley may be taken as

0.28. The driven pulley is overhung to the extent of 300mm from the

nearest bearing and is mounted on a shaft having a permissible shear

stress of 40MPa with the help of a key. The shaft, the pulley and the key

are also to be designed. R07 16

A v-belt drive is to be arranged between two shaft6s with 1.2m as centre

distance. The driving pulley is of 250mm dia. And is to be supplied with

20kW power at 960rpm. The follower pulley is to run at 460rpm.

Determine the number of belts required from the following: Area of belt

9

cross-section=143mm2; mass density of the belt material=1000kg/m3;

permissible tensile stress=2N/mm2; Coefficient of friction=0.3; groove

angle of the pulley=400.

R07 16

A cross belt arrangement has centre distance 1.5m. the diameter of bigger

and smaller pulleys are D and d respectively. The smaller pulley rotates at

1000 rpm and bigger is 500 rpm. The flat belt is 6mm thick and transmits

7.5kW power at belt speed of 13m/s. the coefficient of friction is 0.3 and

10

the density of material is 950kg/m3. If the permissible tensile stress for the

belt material is 1.75Mpa. Calculate diameters of the pulleys and length and

width of the belt.

R07 16

A v-belt is to transmit 20kW from 250mm pitch diameter sheave to a

900mm diameter pulley. The centre distance is 1000mm, the groove angle

is 400 and coefficient of friction is 0.2. The cross-section of belt is 40mm

11

wide at the top, 20mm wide at the bottom and 25mm deep. The density of

the belt is 1000kg/m3 and allowable tension per belt is 1000N. Find the

number of belts required. R07 16

A compressor receives power from a motor rated at 30kW at 22rpm by

12 means of V-belts. The pulley diameters are 300mm and 750mm. centre

distance is 1.4m. Determine the number of belts required? R07 16

(A) How do you classify the rope drives? What are types of fasteners

13 used for ropes?

(B) Explain design procedure of rope drives? R09 7+8

(A) How do you classify the chain drives?

14

(B)Explain design procedure of chain drives? R09 7+8

A rope drive is to transmit 450kW from a pulley of 1.4m diameter, running

at a speed of 600 rpm. The angle of lap may be taken as π radians. The

groove half angle is 22.50. The ropes to be used are 50mm in diameter. The

mass of the rope is 1.5 kg per meter length and each rope has a maximum

15

pull of 2.4kN, the coefficient of friction between rope and pulley is 0.25.

Determine the number of ropes required. If the overhung of the pulley is

0.6m, suggest suitable size for the pulley shaft if it is made of steel with a

shear stress of 60MPa. R09 15

UNIT-IV

APPEARED IN

MARKS

S.N0 QUESTION (R05,R07,

Assigned

R09, R13)

(a) What are the causes of failure of gear tooth?

(b) Design a pair of spur gears with stub teeth to transmit 55kW from 175

mm pinion running at 2500 r.p.m. to a gear running at 1500r.p.m. Both the

1

gears are made of steel having B.H.N 260. Approximate the pitch by means

of Lewis equation and then adjust the dimensions to keep within the limits

set by the dynamic load and wear equation. R09 15

The following particulars refer to a spur gear drive:

Centre distance = 300mm, Velocity ratio= 5, power = 70kW pinion speed =

1440rpm, tooth profile = 20degree full depth involute, permissible normal

2

load between the teeth = 1600N/mm of the face width Design the drive.

Also determine the load on the bearings, stating its nature. Assume that

both the gears are mounted on overhanging shafts. R07 16

A pair of helical gears consists of a 20 teeth pinion meshing with a 100

teeth gear. The pinion rotates at 720 r.p.m. The normal pressure angle is

200 while the helix angle is 250. The face width is 40 mm and the normal

module is 4mm. The pinion as well as the gear is made of steel having

3

ultimate strength of 600MPa and heat treated to a surface hardness of

300B.H.N. The service factor and factor of safety

are 1.5 and 2 respectively. Assume that the velocity factor accounts for the

dynamic load and calculate the power transmitting capacity of the gears. R09 15

Two parallel shafts are connected by a pair of steel helical gears. The

power trans-mitted is 15kW at 4000rpm of the pinion. The safe static

strength for the material is 100MPa. Gear ratio is 4:1 Stub teeth with 200

4 pressure angle in diameter plane have helix angle of 450. Calculate the

necessary BHN with the standard point of wear. Check the design for

dynamic load and suggest modification if necessary. Use 30 teeth on the

pinion. R09 15

A pair of straight teeth spur gears is to be transmitting 20kW when the

pinion rotates at 300rpm. The velocity ratio is 1:3. The allowable static

5 stresses for the pinion and gear materials are 120MPa and 100 MPa

respectively. The pinion has 15 teeth and its face width is 14 times the

module. Determine: R09 15

(a) Module

(b) Face width and

(c) Pitch circle diameters of both the pinion and the gear from the stand

point of strength only, taking into consideration the effect of the dynamic

loading. The tooth form factor y can be taken as y= 0.154-0.912/no.of

teeth and the velocity factor Cv = 3/(3+v), where v is in m/s.

A single stage helical gear reducer is to receive power from a 1440 r.p.m.,

25kW induction motor. The gear tooth profile is involute full depth with

20o normal pressure angle. The helix angle is 23o, number of teeth on

pinion is 20 and the gear ratio is 3. Both the gears are made of steel with

6 allowable beam stress of 90MPa and hardness 250B.H.N. (a) Design the

gears for 20% overload carrying capacity from the standpoint of bending

strength and wear.

(b) If the incremental dynamic load of 8kN is estimated in tangential plane,

what will be the safe power transmitted by the pair at the same speed? R07 4+12

A worm gear drive with an output of 10kW receives power at 1250rpm and

produces a velocity reduction by a factor of 25. The worm wheel is made in

centrifugally cast tin bronze having properties: ultimate stress 300MPa,

bearing stress 81MPa, and surface stress 278MPa. Assume double start

7

worm and q=10. Assume design load factor 1.5. If the worm pitch diameter

and centre distance of drive are correlated as d=Ax/3.78 with both b and A

in m, determine x.

R09 15

½0

A pair of spur gears, having 14 involute full depth teeth is to transmit

12kW at 300rpm of the pinion. The V.R. is 3:1. The static strength of cast

iron gear and steel pinion are 60MPa and 105MPa respectively. Determine

the module, face width and pitch diameters of gears. Also check the gears

8 for wear. Use following particulars:

4.5/(4.5+v), endurance limit=600MPa, E for pinion material=2x105 MPa and

for gear material =1x105MPa.

R09 15

A pair of helical gears consists of 24 teeth pinion meshing with 72 teeth

gear. Normal pressure angle is 200 and helix angle is 240. The pinion rotates

at 720rpm. Normal module of gear is 5mm and face width 50mm. both the

9 pinion and gear are made of steel with ultimate stress 600MPa. Gears are

heat treated to a surface hardness of 360BHN. What power can be

transmitted by gears if service factor is 1.4 and factor of safety is 2?

Assume that velocity factor accounts for dynamic load. R07 16

A hardened steel worm rotating at 1200rpm transmits power to a

phosphor bronze gear with a transmission ratio 15. The centre distance is

10 200mm. calculate the principal dimensions of the drive, and determine the

input ratings from the stand point of strength wear and heat dissipation?

R07 16

Design a speed reducer unit of worm and worm wheel for an input of 1kW

with a transmission ratio 25. The speed of the worm is 160rpm. The worm

11

is made of hardened steel and the wheel of phosphor bronze for which the

material combination factor is 0.7N/mm2. The static stress for wheel R07 16

material is 56MPa. The worm is made of double start and centre distance is

120mm. the tooth form is 141/20 involute. Check the design for strength,

wear and heat dissipation?

V.R.=4, and helix angle 250. If the maximum pitch circle diameter of pinion

is 120mm, choosing your own materials for gears, determine the pitch,

12

face width and number of teeth on gears. Check the design for dynamic

and wear load. The teeth are 200 full depth involute.

R09 15

(a) Define: Axial pitch of the worm, Lead of the worm, and Lead angle of

the worm.

13

(b) Explain briefly strength design of worm gear teeth, wear load capacity

and heat dissipation capacity of a worm drive with suitable equations?

R07 4+12

What should be the module, face width and number of teeth on each gear

of a pair of spur gears, a C45 steel pinion driving a cast iron gear, if they are

to transmit 18.75 kW at 700rpm of the 0.18m pinion in continuous service?

14

The velocity ratio is 3, the teeth are 200 full depth and the load is smooth.

Determine the outside and root diameters.

R07 16

(a) How are gears classified and what are the various terms used in spur

gear terminology?

15

(b) Write down the design procedure for spur gears.

R07 4+12

UNIT-V

APPEARED IN

MARKS

S.N0 QUESTION (R05,R07,

Assigned

R09, R13)

A triple, square threaded power screw used in a screw jack, has a nominal

diameter of 50mm and a pitch of 6mm. the length of nut is 42mm. the

screw jack is used to lift load of 80kN. The coefficient of friction is

negligible. Determine

1 (a) The principal shear stress in the screw body,

R09 15

Design a power screw drive in a pusher of a billet reheating furnace in a

steel rolling mill to the following data: pushing load=70kN, stroke 500mm,

2

pushing speed 2m/min. this is to work under dusty atmosphere. Calculate

the efficiency of drive and input drive required to perform this operation. R07 16

Select suitable material for screw and nut.

3 neat sketches?

R09 15

A vertical square threaded screw of a 75mm nominal diameter and 10mm

pitch, supports a vertical load of 50kn. It passes through the boss of a spur

gear of 72 teeth, which acts as a nut. For raising or lowering the load, the

spur gear is turned by means of a pinion having 24 teeth. The mechanical

efficiency of the gear is 90%. The axial thrust on the screw is taken-up by a

collar bearing having a mean diameter of 110mm. The coefficient of

4

friction for the screw and nut is 0.15, and that for collar bearing is 0.12.

Determine,

(a) the torque applied to the pinion shaft,

(b) the maximum (principal) shear stress induced in the screw, and

(c) Height of the nut, if the permissible bearing pressure is 12MPa.

R09 15

A screw jack is to be lift a load of 100kN through a height of 600mm. The

elastic strength of screw material in tension and compression is 200MPa

and in shear 120MPa. The material for the nut is phosphor-bronze for

which the elastic limit may be taken as 100MPa in tension, 90MPa in

compression and 80MPa in shear. The bearing pressure between the nut

and the screw is to exceed 18N/mm2. Design

5

And the screw jack. The design should include the design of

(a) screw

(b) nut,

(c) handle and cup and

(d) body.

R09 15

(a) Explain the procedure of checking the design of a screw for buckling.

(b) A 50kN capacity screw jack consists of a square threaded steel screw,

meshing with a bronze nut. The nominal diameter is 70mm and the pitch is

10mm. The permissible bearing pressure at the threads is 7N/mm2.

6

Determine

i. the length of the nut and

ii. The transverse shear stress induced in the nut.

R07 4+12

A 50mm triple start square thread with 8mm pitch, is used with a collar

having 25mm inner diameter and 90mm outer diameter. The coefficient of

friction at the thread surface and the collar surface may be taken as 0.15. If

the screw is required to be used to raise a load of 20kN; using uniform

7 wear theory for the collar friction, determine,

i. the torque required to raise the load

ii. the torque required to lower the load and

iii. the force required to raise the load, if it is applied at a radius of 500mm.

R09 15

With the help of neat sketch, explain the mechanism of differential screw

8

& compound screw. R09 15

(a) How does the helix angle influence on the efficiency of square threaded

9 screw?

(b) A load of 12kN is raised by a screw, with single start square threads of R07 4+12

50mm mean diameter and 12mm pitch. The screw is operated by a hand

wheel, the boss of which is threaded to act as a nut. The load is resisted by

a thrust collar, which supports wheel boss, and has a mean radius of

30mm. The coefficient

of friction is 0.15 for the screw, and 0.18 for the collar. If the tangential

force applied by each hand on the wheel is 120N; determine the diameter

of hand wheel required.

What force will be required at a radius of 80mm to raise and lower a 11kN

cross bar of a planer? The bar is raised and lowered by two 38mm square

thread screws, having a pitch of 7mm. The screw is of steel and nut is of

10

bronze 38mm thick. The collar is of steel and it has an outside diameter of

76mm and inside diameter of 38mm. Assume the coefficient of friction at

the threads as 0.11 and at the collar as 0.13. R07 16

(a) How does the helix angle influence the efficiency of square threaded

screw?

(b) A 60mm triple start square thread with 10mm pitch, is used with a

collar having 30mm inner diameter and 100mm outer diameter. The

coefficient of friction at the thread surface and the collar surface may be

11

taken as 0.15. If the screw is required to be used to raise a load of 20kN,

using uniform wear theory for the collar friction, determine,

i. the torque required to raise the load

ii. the torque required to lower the load and

iii. the force required to raise the load, if it is applied at a radius of 600mm.

R07 4+12

A screw jack suitable to lift a maximum load of 100kN through a height of

400mm

with a ground clearance of 600mm is to be designed with the following:

Allowable stresses for screw:

Tensile stress =90N/mm2

Compressive stress =110 N/mm2

Shearing stress =60 N/mm2

Allowable stresses for nut:

Tensile stress = 60 N/mm2

12 Compressive stress =50 N/mm2

Shearing stress =45 N/mm2

Allowable bearing pressure between nut and screw is 16 N/mm2,

Coefficient of friction of threads and collar may be taken as 0.14. allowable

bending stress for

MS handle is 100 N/mm2. Design the following:

(a) Screw

(b) Nut

(c) Handle.

R09 15

A power screw having double start threads of 25mm nominal diameter and

5 mm pitch is acted upon by an axial load of 10kN. The outer and inner

diameters of screw collar are 50 and 20mm respectively. The coefficient of

13 thread friction and collar friction may be assumed as 0.2 and 0.15

respectively. The screw rotates at 12rpm. Assuming uniform wear

condition at the collar and allowable thread bearing pressure of 5.8

N/mm2 and: R07 16

(a) The torque required to rotate the screw.

(b) The stress in the screw and

(c) The number of threads of nut in engagement.

(a) How do you compare the Square and Trapezoidal threads and buttress

threads?

14

(b) Explain the design procedure of screw jack?

R07 4+12

What type of stresses occurs in power screws? Explain them with

15

equations? R09 15

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