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Newton’s First Law of Motion

A. Balanced Force

1. Equal ________ in ________ directions produce ___ motion

B. Unbalanced Forces

1. ____________________ forces produce an unbalanced force causing ________

C. Question: If objects in motion tend to stay in motion, why don’t moving objects keep moving forever?

1. Things don’t keep moving forever because there’s almost always an ________________ is acting upon
them.

2. A book sliding across a table slows down and stops because of the ______________ of
__________________.

3. If you throw a ball upwards it will eventually ________________and falls because of the
____________________of ____________________.

D. Some other Examples

1. The person is standing on the floor.

2. The only forces acting on the person are the force due to
____________ pulling down & the ________ ________ pushing
up. The net force is zero ________ and the person remains
________.

E. Newton’s 1st Law of Motion

1. An object in motion tends to _________________________ and an object at rest tends to


______________________, unless the object is acted upon by an __________________________force.
2. The Law of __________________ -influenced by an object’s ____________________

F. Seat Belt aka Inertia Dampeners

1. Seat belts can exert ___________ to cause passengers to ____________ down at the
same rate as the _________________.

2. Question 3: How does a seat belt exert force on us?


G. Another Example

1. One of the most common places people feel the First Law is in a ________________ moving vehicle,
such as a car or a bus, that comes to a stop. An ___________________ force stops the vehicle, but the
passengers, who have been moving at a high speed, are ___________________ stopped and continue
to move at the same _____________________.

H. Some Problems

1. An astronaut in outer space away from gravitational or frictional forces throws a rock. The rock
will…..
a. ______________________________________________________________________________
b. The rock’s tendency to do this is called
_________________________.
2. A rock is being whirled at the end of a string in a clockwise
direction. If the string breaks, the path of the rock is
a. It will follow an “________ _________________”
so it will follow path “________________”.
b. Once the rock leaves the string, there are
___________________ unbalanced forces to affect its
____________________.
I. We feel the effects of Newton's First Law every day, but usually don't notice them because other forces
interfere.
1. In space, the First Law is much more obvious. Objects will follow their natural path until they are
stopped by an _____________________________.
2. On Earth, the atmosphere will eventually _______________ ________ all moving objects, but in a
vacuum (basically an empty space with no air or atmosphere), like ___________________________, it
will be more obvious that objects obey Newton's Laws.

J. Is a force required?

1. If you were in a weightless environment in space, would it require a force to set an object in motion?
a. _________________, because even in outer space, an object has _______________________.
b. If an object has mass then the object is going to _________________________ changes in its
________________________.
c. A ___________________________ must be applied to set the object in __________________.
Newton’s Laws rule—______________________________!