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(Plate Buckling Analysis)

8 in

20 in

Objectives:

■ Create a geometric representation of a plate.

plate.

5-2 MSC.Nastran for Windows 105 Exercise Workbook

WORKSHOP 5 Elastic Stability of Plates

Model Description:

Below is a finite element representation of a rectangular plate under

equal, uniform compression on two opposite edges. Assume that all

edges are simply supported.

8 in

20 in

Poisson’s Ratio 0.3

Plate Thickness: 0.01 in

Exercise Procedure:

1. Start up MSC.Nastran for Windows V4.0 and begin to create a new

model.

Model/Material...

Title: mat_1

Youngs Modulus: 29E6

Poisson’s Ratio: 0.3

OK

Cancel

itself.

Model/Property...

Title: prop_1

To select the material, click on the list icon next to the databox and

select mat_1.

Material: 1..mat_1

Thickness, Tavg or T1: 0.01

OK

Cancel

WORKSHOP 5 Elastic Stability of Plates

Tools/Advanced Geometry...

Geometry Engine: ● Standard

OK

Geometry/Surface/Corners...

X: Y: Z:

Corner 1 0 0 0

OK

X: Y: Z:

20 0 0 OK

20 8 0 OK

0 8 0 OK

Cancel

To fit the display onto the screen, use the Autoscale feature.

View/Autoscale (Ctrl-A)

Select All

OK

s t

Number of Elements: 10 4

Bias: 1. 1. OK

Cancel

Mesh/Geometry/Surface...

Select All

OK

Property: 1..prop_1

OK

Tools/Workplane... (F2)

Draw Workplane

Done

View/Regenerate... (Ctrl-G)

be created. Do so by performing the following:

Model/Constraint/Set...

Title: constraint_1

OK

Model/Constraint/Nodal...

HINT: Use

Method ^

On Curve

WORKSHOP 5 Elastic Stability of Plates

OK

TX TY TZ

OK

OK

TY TZ

OK

Finally, select the nodes on the top and bottom edges without

selecting the corner nodes.

OK

TZ

OK

Cancel

Like the constraints, a load set must first be created before creating

the appropriate model loading.

Model/Load/Set...

Title: load_1

OK

Next, convert the edge pressure of 100 psi to appropriate nodal force.

Total edge force will be (100 psi) x (0.01 in) x (8 in) = 8 lb. Thus, 2

lb each will be used for the 3 middle nodes and 1 lb each will be used

for the 2 corner nodes.

Model/Load/Nodal...

OK

Highlight Force.

Force

FX -2

OK

OK

Highlight Force.

Force

FX -1

OK

Cancel

File/Export/Analysis Model...

Analysis Format/Type: 7..Buckling

OK

Write

WORKSHOP 5 Elastic Stability of Plates

Advanced...

Modal Solution Method: ● Lanczos

Eigenvalues & Eigenvectors/

Number Desired: 1

OK

Problem ID: Plate Buckling

Sample Problem

OK

OK

OK

Yes

Save

will be restored on your screen, and the Message Review form will

appear. To read the messages, you could select Show Details. Since

the analysis ran successfully, we will not bother with the details this

time.

Continue

Eigenvalue 1 = _______

scr = 1.722(100)

= 172.2 psi

11. Theory.

From: Formulas for Stress & Strain, Roark & Young, McGraw-Hill

E - --t- 2

σ cr = K --------------

2 b

1–υ

Thus,

29e6 .01 2

σ cr = 3.373 --------------------- -------

1 – ( .3 ) 2 8

= 167.96 psi

1.722 Eigenvalue 1

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