0 views

Uploaded by khan

© All Rights Reserved

- Rarefaction Effect on Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Microchannel
- AFT Fathom
- Diamètre de Heywood
- Active Flow Control
- BAB 1
- Viscous Flow
- Fluid Mechanics (experiment)
- Rushton Impeller
- EP2000-5800_vol5_Inflow
- hydraulic lab
- Agitation
- Carberry 1960
- star_tut3
- AMM58
- Hydrodynamics
- 10.1021%2Fes0605927
- Transferencia Cap 08-65-115
- 2.Similitude Laws in Centrifuge Modeling
- Course Description MT338
- Homework 5

You are on page 1of 10

↔ Control-volume (Eulerian) concept

for comprehensive understanding of fluid motion?

amount of mass (Extensive property)

b: B per unit mass (Independent to the mass)

(Intensive property)

r r

e.g. a) If B = mV (Linear momentum): Extensive property

r r

then, b = V (Velocity): Intensive property

1

b) If B = mV 2 (Kinetic energy): Extensive property

2

1

then, b = V 2 : Intensive property

2

i. B of a system Bsys at a given instant,

Bsys = lim

δV → 0 i

∑ bi ( ρiδVi ) = ∫sys ρbdV

δmi for ith fluid particle in the system

And Time rate of change of Bsys,

dBsys

=

(

d ∫ sys ρbdV )

dt dt

δV → 0 i

and Only difference from

dBcv d (∫cv ρbdV ) B of a system

=

dt dt

dBsys dBcv

Ú Relationship between and : Reynolds Transport Theorem

dt dt

Derivation of the Reynolds Transport Theorem

System boundary at t + δt

) Fluid particles at section (2): Move a distance dl2 = V2δt

) I : Volume of Inflow (entering CV)

) II : Volume of Outflow (leaving CV)

SYS (at time t + δt ) = CV – I + II

Bsys (t + δt ) = Bcv (t + δt ) − BI (t + δt ) + BII (t + δt ) (at time t + δt )

Then, Time rate of change in B can be;

=

δt δt

Bcv (t + δt ) − BI (t + δt ) + BII (t + δt ) − Bsys (t )

=

δt

B (t + δt ) − Bcv (t ) BI (t + δt ) BII (t + δt )

= cv − +

δt δt δt

In the limit δt → 0 ,

δBsys DBsys

Left-side: = (according to Lagrangian Concept)

δt Dt

⎛ ⎞

∂⎜ ∫ ρbdV ⎟

B (t + δt ) − B (t ) ∂B ⎝ ⎠

1st term on Right-side: lim cv cv

= cv = cv

δt → 0 δt ∂t ∂t

B (t + δt )

2nd term on Right-side: B&in = lim I = ρ1 A1V1b1 (4.13)

δt → 0 δt

V1 : Velocity at section (1)

B (t + δt )

3rd term on Right-side: B& out = lim II = ρ 2 A2V2b2 (4.12)

δt → 0 δt

Relationship between the time rate of change of Bsys and Bcv

∴ = + Bout − B&in = cv + ρ 2 A2V2b2 − ρ1 A1V1b1

Dt ∂t ∂t

- Fixed CV with one inlet and one outlet

- Velocity normal to Sec. (1) and (2)

At time t, CV & SYS: Coincide

At time t + δt , CV: Fixed & SYS: Move slightly

= + Bout − B&in

Dt ∂t

) Still valid,

but B& out & B&in : Different

1) B& out : Net flowrate of B leaving CV (Outflow)

across the control surface between II and CV ( CS out )

δB& out = lim = lim = ρbV cos θδA

δt → 0 δt δt → 0 δt

r

B& out = ∫CS dB& out = ∫CS ρbV cos θ dA = ∫CS ρbV ⋅ nˆ dA

out out out

2) B& out : Net flowrate of B entering CV (Inflow)

across the control surface between I and CV ( CSin )

r

B&in = − ∫CS ρbV cos θ dA = − ∫CS ρbV ⋅ nˆ dA

in in

π 3π

(because <θ < )

2 2

r r

B& out − B&in = ∫CS ρbV ⋅ nˆdA − (− ∫CS ρbV ⋅ nˆ dA)

out in

r

= ∫CS ρbV ⋅ nˆ dA

DBsys ∂Bcv r ∂ r

= + ∫CS ρbV ⋅ nˆ dA = ∫cv ρbdV + ∫CS ρbV ⋅ nˆ dA

Dt ∂t ∂t

PHYSICAL INTERPRETATION

DBsys

y : Time rate of change of an extensive B of a system

Dt

) Lagrangian concept

∂

y ∫ ρbdV : Time rate of change of B within a control volume

∂t cv

) Eulerian concept

r

y ∫CS ρbV ⋅ nˆ dA : Net flowrate of B across the entire control surface

) Correlation term – Motion of a fluid

D( ) ∂( ) ∂( ) ∂( ) ∂( ) ∂( ) r

= +u +v +w = + (V ⋅ ∇)( )

Dt ∂t ∂x ∂y ∂z ∂t

D( )

y : Time rate of change of a property of fluid particle

Dt

) Lagrangian concept

∂( )

y : Time rate of change of a property at a local space

∂t

) Eulerian concept: Unsteady effect

r

y (V ⋅ ∇) : Change of a property due to the fluid motion

) Correlation term – Convective effect

) Transfer from Lagrangian viewpoint to Eulerian one (Finite size)

Ú Special cases

DBsys ∂ r

1. Steady Effects. = ∫ ρ bd V + ∫ ρbV ⋅ nˆ dA

Dt ∂t cv CS

= Net difference in flowrates B& entering CV and leaving CV

∂

2. Unsteady Effects. ∫ ρbdV ≠ 0

∂t CV

) Any change in property B of a system

= Change in B within CV

+ Net difference in flowrates B& entering and leaving CV

r

V = V0 (t )iˆ

ρ = Constant

r r r r r

Choose B = mV (Momentum), and thus b = B / m = V = V0 (t )iˆ

r r

∫CS ρbV ⋅ nˆdA = ∫CS ρ (V0iˆ)V ⋅ nˆdA

= ∫(1) ρ (V0iˆ )(−V0 )dA + ∫( 2) ρ (V0iˆ )(V0 )dA + ∫side ρ (V0iˆ )(V0 cos 90o )dA

DBsys ∂

∴

Dt

= ∫ ρbdV

∂t CV

: No convective effect

Reynolds Transport Theorem for a moving control volume

DBsys ∂ r

= ∫ ρbd V + ∫ ρbV ⋅ nˆ dA : Valid for a stationary CV

Dt ∂t cv CS

r

Consider a constant velocity of CV = Vcv

: Relation between a system and CV, (Neglect the surrounding)

r r r

) Relative velocity of a system: W = V − VCV

r

where V : Absolute velocity of a system

DBsys ∂ r

Finally, = ∫cv ρbdV + ∫CS ρbW ⋅ nˆ dA

Dt ∂t

r

: Valid for a stationary or moving CV with constant Vcv

- Rarefaction Effect on Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in MicrochannelUploaded bytalhawasim
- AFT FathomUploaded bynelvar2005
- Diamètre de HeywoodUploaded bydavidal13
- Active Flow ControlUploaded byguyincafe73
- BAB 1Uploaded byKomputershengal
- Viscous FlowUploaded byAamir Qutub Alig
- Fluid Mechanics (experiment)Uploaded bysimple-CE-stud
- Rushton ImpellerUploaded bylinda
- EP2000-5800_vol5_InflowUploaded bysetemi_obatoki
- hydraulic labUploaded byBeshoy Emad
- AgitationUploaded bynithansa
- Carberry 1960Uploaded bymai
- star_tut3Uploaded byMarcelo De Oliveira Predes
- AMM58Uploaded bySreedhar Babu
- HydrodynamicsUploaded byPrince Israel Eboigbe
- 10.1021%2Fes0605927Uploaded byHotib Perwira
- Transferencia Cap 08-65-115Uploaded byGiovani Alexis Saez Vega
- 2.Similitude Laws in Centrifuge ModelingUploaded byHasen Bebba
- Course Description MT338Uploaded byUsama
- Homework 5Uploaded byvassa
- G-I-3Uploaded byRavi Kiran Goteti
- epjconf_efm-13_02026Uploaded byMiinh Chiiến
- ProblemSet5.pdfUploaded byAhmed Eldrestawy
- Bubble Column ReportUploaded byQazi Tanveer Ahmad
- hvcdh8)Uploaded byaghjs
- page-9Uploaded byheaan.lasai
- Simulink_R24Uploaded byMohamed Anouar Nciri
- Laminar SeparationUploaded byOmar Horna Pinedo
- 00 HistoryUploaded bySyed Shah Jehan Gillani
- JB_05_R01Uploaded bysmmousavi1363

- description: tags: cksUploaded byanon-944203
- MathematiciansUploaded byCharles David
- Node Matching - Hungarian MethodUploaded byAbhijit Anand Prabhudan
- chapter_1_real_numbers.pdfUploaded byheena ali
- A novel adaptive gain super twisting sliding mode controller.pdfUploaded byAntonio Navarrete
- Fem Project 1Uploaded byMainak Sarkar
- Proof of Minkowski InequalityUploaded byPablo Olaso
- DYNAMIC ANALYSISUploaded byMohamed Salah
- EGB321_wk10&11(1)Uploaded byAnonymous C5daqjUIQY
- Functional QuantizationUploaded byMarios Galanis
- Seminar TalkUploaded bydconn_1
- SOLU Precalculo, 7ma Edicion - Michael SullivanUploaded byTemistocles Zeballos
- jped_dct.pdfUploaded byDebashis Ghosh
- 4 mathUploaded byas_5k
- 195600947-Applied-Mathematics-III.pdfUploaded byزكرياء بنحيرت
- Chapter 23 ExamplesUploaded byJusterTester
- Mechanics of Elastic Composites Modern Mechanics and MathematicsUploaded byBabu Kaala Pandian
- Finite Element Analysis notesUploaded bysathiya21
- OptiStruct Manual 11Uploaded byPaulo Vitor Castro Cardoso
- Stress and StrainUploaded byyogesh
- DAA-QBUploaded bybaba
- Alain Bruguieres and Alexis Virelizier- Quantum Double of Hopf Monads and Categorical CentersUploaded byJoaokaa
- Network analysis.pdfUploaded byShaikShahnawazMoinuddin
- mae531_fall16_hw5Uploaded byAbhimanyu Jamwal
- Pi & Fibonacci NumbersUploaded by3873263
- Lecture 4Uploaded byNaeem Ali Sajad
- EMTPTB.pdfUploaded byVigneshwaran Kandaswamy
- Math 9.pdfUploaded byArslan Haider
- Dynamic ProgrammingUploaded byenkelon
- Kalman LectUploaded bymaxtom12