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Code Sharing between Cells

Feature Guide
Code Sharing between Cells

Code Sharing between Cells


Version Date Author Reviewer Revision History

Ke Yazhu, Song
V1.0 2014/02/10 Cai Yaofang First edition
Qiong, Nie Xiaoping

© 2014 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.


ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used
without the prior written permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to
change without notice.

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Code Sharing between Cells

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Feature Attributes ............................................................................................. 4

2 Overview ............................................................................................................ 4
2.1 Feature Introduction ............................................................................................. 4
2.1.1 ZWF23-04-021 Code Sharing between Cells ....................................................... 4
2.2 License Control .................................................................................................... 5
2.3 Correlation with Other Features ........................................................................... 5

3 Technical Descriptions ..................................................................................... 6


3.1 ZWF23-04-021 Code Sharing between Cells ....................................................... 6
3.1.1 Conditions to Start Code Sharing between Cells .................................................. 6
3.1.2 Strategy of Code Sharing between Cells .............................................................. 7

4 Parameters and Configurations ....................................................................... 9

5 Related Counters and Alarms ........................................................................ 10


5.1 Related Counters ............................................................................................... 10
5.2 Related Alarms .................................................................................................. 10

6 Engineering Guide .......................................................................................... 11


6.1 Application Scenario .......................................................................................... 11
6.2 Feature Activation Procedure ............................................................................. 11
6.3 Feature Validation Procedure ............................................................................ 14
6.4 Feature Deactivation Procedure......................................................................... 14
6.5 Network Impact .................................................................................................. 15

7 Abbreviation .................................................................................................... 15

8 References ....................................................................................................... 16

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FIGURES

Figure 6-1 Parameter Configuration Interface—1...............................................................12


Figure 6-2 Parameter Configuration Interface—2...............................................................12
Figure 6-3 Parameter Configuration Interface—3...............................................................13
Figure 6-4 Parameter Configuration Interface—4...............................................................13

TABLES

Table 4-1 Parameter List .....................................................................................................9


Table 5-1 Counter List .......................................................................................................10
Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure.............................................................................14
Table 6-2 RNC parameter list 1 .........................................................................................14

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1 Feature Attributes
RNC Version: [ZXWR RNC V3.13.10.15/ZXUR 9000 V4.13.10.15]

Node B Version: [ZXSDR V4.13.10.20]

Attribute: [Optional]

Related Network Element:


NE Name Related or Not Special Requirements

UE -

Node B -

RNC √

iTC -

MSC -

MGW -

SGSN -

GGSN -

HLR -
―√‖: Involved, ―-―: Not involved.

2 Overview

2.1 Feature Introduction

2.1.1 ZWF23-04-021 Code Sharing between Cells

Generally, an operator purchases the HSDPA code license of each cell in accordance
with the number of codes. For example, 5 codes, 10 codes, or 15 codes as a set, the
code is SF=16 HS-DSCH channelized code. If the number of codes is different, the peak
bit rate is also different. Therefore, the operator may purchase the HSDPA code license
in accordance with the development of the data service, rather than buying the entire
15-code license to effectively reduce the operation cost.

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Assume that the operator purchases the HSDPA license of each cell by 5 or 10 codes.
Because the transient load of each cell in a base station is different, there will be a case
that the data requirement of one cell is very high and exceeds the peak bit rate of 5 or 10
codes, while the data requirement of other cells is very low and the 5 or 10 codes cannot
be used thoroughly.

With this feature, the HSDPA code license can be shared among different cells. In the
above scenario, the light load cell may lend its code license to the heavy load cells. As a
result, the number of the transient available HSDPA codes of a single cell exceeds the
number of codes authorized to it, but will not exceed the threshold of 15 HS-DSCH
channelized codes per cell. The total number of HS-DSCH channelized codes used by all
cells does not exceed the total number of codes license authorized to all cells.

The ZTE UTRAN device allows the authorized code resources to be shared among all
cells which support HSDPA and DCH in a Node B, that is, the HS-DSCH channelized
code license of these cells can be used accumulatively.

2.2 License Control

Table 2-1 License Control List

License Configured Sales


Feature ID Feature Name
Control Item NE Unit

Code Sharing between


ZWF23-04-021 Switch RNC Node B
Cells

2.3 Correlation with Other Features

1. Dependency

ZWF23-01-A HSDPA Introduction Package

2. Mutual exclusion

None

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3. Affected Features

ZWF23-04-006 Code Allocation for HSDPA

ZWF23-04-020 Fast Dynamic Code Allocation

3 Technical Descriptions

3.1 ZWF23-04-021 Code Sharing between Cells

The conditions to start code sharing between cells and the strategy of code sharing
between cells are described as follows.

3.1.1 Conditions to Start Code Sharing between Cells

When the multiple cells supporting R99 and HSDPA services belong to the same Node B,
a number of HS-PDSCHs can be shared among several cells, which makes good use of
the Node B hardware resources and reduces the CAPEX. If the following conditions are
satisfied, the function of code sharing among cells is enabled, namely the code resource
can be shared among cells.

 All the cells for sharing in a Node B support R99 and HSDPA services, that is, the
parameter UUtranCellFDD.hspaSptMeth is set to ―1: Support HSDPA and DCH‖ or
―3: Support HSUPA, HSDPA and DCH‖;

 A dynamic allocation by RNC or by Node B is used for channelization code


allocation for HS-PDSCH;

 The parameter UIubLink.hsSharMethod for the Node B is set to ―1: RNC Control‖;

 The parameter UCHspa.hsShareInd for a shared cell is set to ―1: Sharing‖.

Note:

The method for channelization code allocation for downlink HS-PDSCH is described in
the ZTE UMTS HSDPA Introduction Feature Guide.

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3.1.2 Strategy of Code Sharing between Cells

The principle of code sharing between cells is that the maximum number of
channelization code allocation for HS-PDSCH in a shared cell is adjusted based on the
sum of the GBR and the NBR of all the services in a cell.

The maximum number of channelization codes for each of the cells sharing the code
resource for HS-PDSCH is calculated periodically or when the shared cells are modified.
The period is configured by UIubLink.hsSharUptPrd.

The steps for allocating the shared codes are described as follows:

1. Calculate TotalHsNum which denotes the sum of the maximum number of


HS-PDSCHs of each cell in all the shared cells in the same Node B.

TotalHsNum= ;

Where n denotes the number of all the shared cells, MaxHsNumbyOMCi denotes
the maximum number of HS-PDSCHs in the i:th cell for sharing and is configured by
UCHspa.maxNumofHspdsch.

2. Calculate ShareHsNum which denotes the number of HS-PDSCHs for sharing in a


Node B, namely only these HS-PDSCHs can be shared among the cells.

ShareHsNum =TotalHsNum – ;

Where, MinHspdschNumbyOmci denotes the minimum number of HS-PDSCHs in


the i:th cell for sharing and is configured by UCHspa.minNumofHspdsch.

3. Allocate the shared HS-PDSCHs indicated by ShareHsNum to the shared cells:


sort the shared cells in the order from large to small according to the sum of the
GBR and the NBR of each cell, and number the sorted cells in accordance with
j=1…n, and then calculate MaxNumofHsShare which denotes the maximum
number of HS-PDSCHs in each shared cell from j=1 to n, that is a cell requesting
more channelization code resources is prior to allocate the shared code resources.

ShareHsNu ;

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Where,

 ShareHsNum1 is initialized by ShareHsNum in step 2. After a number of


HS-PDSCHs are shared in a cell, ShareHsNumj+1 is updating as follows:

ShareHsNu ShareHsNu
;
(j=1,...,n-1); where MaxNumofHsj is obtained in step 4, and there is no
remaining HS-PDSCHs for sharing when ShareHsNu , the numbers
of HS-PDSCHs for the remaining cells are MinHspdschNumbyOmcj+1.

 HsGBRSumj denotes the sum of GBR for all the HSDPA services in j:th cell;

 HsNBRSumj denotes the sum of NBR for all the HSDPA services in j:th cell;

 denotes the ratio of the sum of GBR and NBR of all

HSDPA services in the j:th cell to the sum of GBR and NBR of all HSDPA
services in all the cells waiting for the allocation of the shared HS-PDSCHs.

 ⌉ denotes rounding to nearest upper integer.

4. After is determined for the j:th cell in step 3,


which denotes the actual maximum number of HS-DPSCHs is allocated for the j:th
cell in accordance with the method of allocating the number of HS-PDSCHs, and
then the value of MaxNumofHsj is sent to Node B through the Physical Shared
Channel Reconfiguration Request message, and thus the maximum number of
HS-PDSCHs is updated for the cell:

 If UCHspa.hsNBAssInd is set to ―0: Not Support‖, set

MaxNumofHsj=Max(MinHspdschNumbyOmc, Min(MaxNumofHsSharej,
MaxHspdschNumbyUecatj, MaxHspdschNumbyMBRj, 15));

where, MaxHspdschNumbyUecatj denotes the number of HS-PDSCHs


li ited by the UEs’ capability of HS-DSCH category on the physical layer
with the ongoing HSDPA services in the j:th cell, and
MaxHspdschNumbyMBRj denotes the number of HS-PDSCHs determined

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by the sum of maximum bit rate of the ongoing HSDPA services in the j:th
cell. Refer to the ZTE UMTS HSDPA Introduction Feature Guide for details.

 If UCHspa.hsNBAssInd is set to ―1: Support‖, set


MaxNumofHsj=Min(MaxNumofHsSharej, MaxHspdschNumbyOmcj, 15).

4 Parameters and Configurations

Table 4-1 Parameter List

Recom
Paramet Parameter
GUI Name Range Unit Default menda
er Name Description
tion

This parameter
Co-NodeB indicates the control
UIubLink. HS-PDSC method to share the 0: Not
0: Not Sharing 1: RNC
hsSharM H Code HS-PDSCH N/A Sharin
1: RNC Control Control
ethod Sharing channelization codes g
Method among the cells of the
same NodeB.

This parameter
Co-NodeB
indicates the whether
UCHspa. HS-PDSC 0: Not 1:
the HS-PDSCH code 0: Not Sharing
hsShareI H Code N/A Sharin Sharin
number is shared with 1: Sharing
nd Sharing g g
other cells of the same
Indicator
NodeB.

This parameter
Co-NodeB
indicates the period to
HS-PDSC
UIubLink. update the HS-PDSCH
H Code (5..65535),
hsSharUp code number to share s 20s 20s
Sharing step 5
tPrd for each one of the
Update
cells of the same
Period
NodeB.

0: Not Support 3: 3:
This parameter
UUtranCe HSPA HSUPA and Suppor Suppor
indicates the support of
llFDD.hsp Support HSDPA; N/A t t
DCH, HSDPA and
aSptMeth Method 1: Support HSUP HSUP
HSUPA in the cell.
HSDPA and A, A,

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Recom
Paramet Parameter
GUI Name Range Unit Default menda
er Name Description
tion
DCH; HSDP HSDP
2: Support A and A and
HSDPA only; DCH DCH
3: Support
HSUPA ,
HSDPA and
DCH;
4: Support
HSUPA and
HSDPA

5 Related Counters and Alarms

5.1 Related Counters

Table 5-1 Counter List

Counter No. Description

C310434427 Max number of HS-PDSCH code nodes used

C310010296 Downlink Iub volume of HSDPA RAB for Conversational class

C310010297 Downlink Iub volume of HSDPA RAB for Streaming class

C310010298 Downlink Iub volume of HSDPA RAB for Interactive class

C310010299 Downlink Iub volume of HSDPA RAB for Background class

5.2 Related Alarms

This feature has no related alarm.

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6 Engineering Guide

6.1 Application Scenario

Generally, an operator purchases the HSDPA code license of each cell in accordance
with the number of codes. If the operator purchases the HSDPA license of each cell and
the number of codes is less than 15, the traffic in one cell may be very high during peak
hours and the demand exceeds the peak bit rate of 5 or 10 codes, while the traffic in the
other cells is very low and the 5 or 10 codes cannot be fully used. With this feature, the
HSDPA codes can be shared among different cells. In the above scenario, the light-load
cell may lend its code license to the heavy-load cells. As a result, the transient available
HSDPA codes of a single cell exceed the number of codes authorized to it and the
throughput in the cell increases. It is suggested to enable the feature to improve the user
experience and resource utilization when the purchased HSDPA code license is less
than 15.

6.2 Feature Activation Procedure

The purpose of this chapter is just to guide the reader how to find the GUI location of the
parameters which are related to the deployment of this feature. The values indicated by
the captures possibly are not the real value to be configured. Please refer to the last
column of table in chapter 4 for the practical configuration value.

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Link Configuration and double-click Iub Link, and
set Co-NodeB HS-PDSCH Code Sharing Method, see Figure 6-1.

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Figure 6-1 Parameter Configuration Interface—1

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell and double-click HSPA Configuration
In A cell, and set Co-NodeB HS-PDSCH Code Sharing Indicator, see Figure 6-2.

Figure 6-2 Parameter Configuration Interface—2

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Link Configuration and double-click Iub Link, and
set Co-NodeB HS-PDSCH Code Sharing Update Period, see Figure 6-3.

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Figure 6-3 Parameter Configuration Interface—3

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration and double-click UTRAN Cell, and set HSPA Support
Method, see Figure 6-4.

Figure 6-4 Parameter Configuration Interface—4

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6.3 Feature Validation Procedure

Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure

Test Item Code Sharing between Cells

1. The WCDMA system is ready.


2. Cell1 and Cell2 support HSUPA, HSDPA and DCH. They both
belong to NodeB1.
3. Cell1 and Cell2 have different frequencies. Cell1 and Cell2
adjacent cells are configured with the same coverage.
4. The maximum number of HS-PDSCH codes of Cell1 is
configured to 5, and the maximum number of HS-PDSCH codes
Prerequisite of Cell2 is configured to 10.
5. Cell1 and Cell2 are set to share the HS-PDSCH codes in
NodeB1.
6. UE1 camps on Cell1 in Idle mode.
7. UE1 supports HSPA. The HSDPA category of UE1 is greater
than 8.
8. UE1 subscribes interactive or background services, MBR=
UL2Mbps/ DL8Mbps.

1. Use UE1 to activate a PS call in Cell1 and starts FTP


downloading.
Steps 2. Maintain the service for 90s and observes the DL data rate of
UE1.
3. Deactivate the PDP.

In step2 the data rate of UE1 can reach 5.8Mbps. Then the code
Expected
number used by UE1 is at least 10 and five codes of them are
Result
borrowed from Cell2.

6.4 Feature Deactivation Procedure

Table 6-2 RNC parameter list 1

Managed Object. logic Default Value Deactivation


GUI Name
name Value

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Managed Object. logic Default Value Deactivation


GUI Name
name Value

Co-NodeB
UIubLink.hsSharMethod HS-PDSCH Code 0: Not Sharing 0: Not Sharing
Sharing Method

Co-NodeB
UCHspa.hsShareInd HS-PDSCH Code 0: Not Sharing 0: Not Sharing
Sharing Indicator

For the above parameters’ description and configuration, please refer to chapter 6.2.

6.5 Network Impact

1. Equipment Performance Influence

None

2. Network KPI

Advantages:

This feature can utilize the purchased HS-PDSCH codes effectively. The transient
available HSDPA codes of a single cell can exceed the number of codes authorized to it,
thus the code utilization and HSDPA downlink throughput are improved.

Disadvantages:

None

7 Abbreviation
Abbreviation Full Name

GBR Guaranteed Bit Rate

HSDPA High Speed Downlink Packet Access

NBR Nominal Bit Rate

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8 References
[1] ZTE UMTS HSDPA Introduction Feature Guide

[2] ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter


Reference

[3] ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Ground Parameter


Reference

[4] ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Performance Counter


Reference

[5] ZXWR RNC(V3.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter Reference

[6] ZXWR RNC(V3.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Ground Parameter Reference

[7] ZXWR RNC(V3.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Performance Counter Reference

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