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# Physics

## Force is a quantitative description of an interaction that causes a change in an object’s motion.

Force is a vector, it has both direction and magnitude.
Newton’s First Law of Motion – says that an object will continue to move at a constant velocity
unless it is acted upon by an external force.
Newton’s Second Laws of Motion – says force is directly proportional to acceleration ( the rate
of change of momentum) for a constant mass.
Newton’s Third Law of Motion – relates to interactions between two objects.
There are four fundamental force that govern the interactions of physical system.
Gravitation – is the force that acts between masses.
The electromagnetic force acts between electrical charges and the mediating particles is the
photon.
The strong nuclear force holds the nucleus of the atom together, mediated by gluons acting on
quarks, anti quarks, and the gluons themselves.
Acceleration also a vector quantity, is the rate at which an object changes its velocity.
Free fall is defines as the motion of an object where gravity is the only force acting upon it.
Free falling objects is an object that is falling under the sole influence of gravity.
Free falling objects do not encounter air resistance.
Motion is change in position with respect to a reference object.
Speed is how long it takes for an object to travel a certain distance.
Velocity and speed are very close and often mixed up.
Acceleration is when any part of an object velocity change
Force is any type of push or pull.
Mass is the amount of matter that something is. It is usually measured grams.
Sir Isaac Newton was one of the greatest scientist and mathematicians that ever lived.
Earth is made up of tiny, randomly moving particles called molecules.
Work can be defined as transfers of energy.
In physics we say that work is done on an object when you transfer energy to that object.
Energy can be defined as the capacity of doing work.`
The Law of Inertia – Bodies at rest will remain at rest and bodies in motion will continue moving
at constant speed in a straight path unless acted upon by a net force.
The Law of Acceleration – is directly proportional to the net force acting on the body and
inversely proportional to its mass. Its direct follows the direction of the net force.
The Law of Interaction – force every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.

Types of energy

## Kinetic energy is the energy of motion.

Gravitational potential energy is the energy stored in an object as the result of its
verticalposition or height.
Elastic potential energy is the energy stored in elastic materials as the result of their stretching
or compressing.