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You are on page 1of 9

Materials:

Concrete grade : M25

Steel : Fe 500

Size of beam:

Overall depth of beam (D) = 500 mm

Width of beam (b) = 350 mm

Effective cover (d’) = 50 mm

Effective depth (d) = 450 mm

fck =25N/mm2

fy = 500 N/mm2

Xumax = 0.46*450

= 207

Limiting moment (Mul ) = 0.36*fck*b*Xumax*(d-0.42*Xumax)

= 0.36*25*350*207*(450-0.42*207)

= 236.733 KNm

b/D>0.3

350/500=0.7

Hence OK.

From, IS CODE 13920: clause 6.1.4

D<L/4

L= 5.1816 L/4=1295.4 mm

D=500mm

Hence OK.

From, IS CODE 13920: clause 6.1.4

b>200

b=350mm

Hence OK.

From SAP, Mu = -164.2832 KNm &97.81 KNm

For Negative moment:

i.e., Mu = -164.2832 KNm

i.e., Mu = -164.2832 KNm

Mu <MulSo,singly reinforcement is to be designed.

Calculation of Ast:

Mu=.87*fy*Ast*(d-Ast*fy/(fck*b))

On calculating ,

Ast= 955.074 mm2

No. of Bars= Ast/Ast = 20 mm

= 3.04

= 4

Provide 4T20

Astpro.= 1256.636 mm2 OK

As/bd=0.85/fy Asmin.= 0.0024*(fck/fy)^0.5*b*d

Asmin.= 267.75 mm2 OK Asmin.= 84.523 mm2

Asmax.= 2.5%of bD

Asmax.= 0.04bD Asmax.= 4375 mm2

= 7000 mm2 OK

For Positive moment:

i.e., Mu = 71.584 KNm

Since, Mu<Multhe beam is singly reinforced beam

Mu = 0.87*fy*Ast*(d – (Ast*fy)/(b*fck))

71.584*106 = 0.87*500*Ast*(450 – (Ast*500)/(350*25))

On solving above equation we get,

Ast = 384.46 mm2

=384.46 /314.159

=1.22

=2

π∗20∗20

So, Ast provided = 2* = 628.318 mm2 >Areq

4

Now,

0.85

Ast,min = * bd IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.1

fy

0.85

= * 350*450

500

= 267.75 mm2

Ast,max= 0.04bD = 0.04 * 350 * 500 = 7000mm2 IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.2

Since, Ast,min<Ast provided <Ast,max (OK)

From SAP, Mu = 47.4212 KNm

Since, Mu<Mul the beam is singly reinforced beam

Mu = 0.87*fy*Ast*(d – (Ast*fy)/(b*fck))

47.4212*106 = 0.87*500*Ast*(450 – (Ast*500)/(400*25))

On solving above equation we get,

Ast = 250.203 mm2

Now provide 2 – 20mm φ

π∗20∗20

So, Ast provided = 2* = 628.318 mm2 >Areq

4

Now,

0.85

Ast,min = * bd IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.1

fy

0.85

= * 350 * 450

500

= 267.75 mm2

Ast,max= 0.04bD = 0.04 * 350 * 500 = 7000 mm2 IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.2

Since, Ast,min<Ast provided <Ast,max (OK)

From SAP Mu = --156.249 KNm & 62.2403 KNm

For Negative moment:

i.e., Mu = -156.249 KNm

Mu <Mul So, singly reinforcement is to be designed.

Mu = 0.87*fy*Ast*(d – (Ast*fy)/(b*fck))

-156.249*106 = 0.87*500*Ast*(450 – (Ast*500)/(350*25))

On solving above equation we get,

Ast = 901.379 mm2

Now provide 3 – 20mm φ

π∗20∗20

So, Ast provided = 3* = 942.477 mm2 >Areq

4

Now,

0.85

Ast,min = * bd IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.1

fy

0.85

= * 350 * 450

500

= 267.75 mm2

Ast,max= 0.04bD = 0.04 * 350 * 500 = 7000mm2 IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.2

Since, Ast,min<Ast provided <Ast,max (OK)

i.e., Mu = 62.2403 KNm

Since, Mu<Mul the beam is singly reinforced beam

Mu = 0.87*fy*Ast*(d – (Ast*fy)/(b*fck))

62.2403*106 = 0.87*500*Ast*(450 – (Ast*500)/(410*25))

On solving above equation we get,

Ast = 331.95 mm2

Now provide 2 – 20 mm φ

π∗20∗20

So, Ast provided = 2* = 628.318 mm2 >Areq

4

Now,

0.85

Ast,min = * bd IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.1

fy

0.85

= * 350 * 450

500

= 267.75 mm2

Ast,max= 0.04bD = 0.04 * 350 * 500 = 7000mm2 IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.2

Since, Ast,min<Ast provided <Ast,max (OK)

Hence, the following numbers of bars in two layers is provided for the beam as shown in figure.

All bars 20mm Ø Left end mid span Right end

Top 4 2 3

Bottom 2 2 2

SHEAR CHECK:

Shear Reinforcement Design:

(IS 13920; Clause 6.2.1)

(IS 13920; Clause 6.2.3)

The positive steel at the joint face must be atleast equal to the half the –ve steel of that face.

Joint A

Half the –ve steel =1256.636/2

=628.318 mm2

Positive steel = 628.318 mm2

Joint B

Half the –ve steel =942.477/2

=471.238 mm2

Positive steel= 628.318 mm2

Along the length of the beam

Ast at the top or bottom >=0.25 Ast at top at joint A or B

>=0.25*1256.636

>=314.159 mm2

Hence OK

Sway to right

Vu,a = VD+La- 1.4(Mu-limAs+ Mu-limBh)/L

Vu,b = VD+Lb+ 1.4(Mu-limAs+ Mu-limBh)/L

Sway to left

Vu,a = VD+La+ 1.4(Mu-limAh+ Mu-limBs)/L

Vu,b = VD+Lb- 1.4(Mu-limAh+ Mu-limBs)/L

b= 350 Mm d= 450 mm

d'= 50 Mm d'/d= 0.1

fsc= 412 N/mm2 Xumax= 207 mm

MuAs (KN- MuAh MuBs (KN- MuBh (KN-

Description m) (KN-m) m) m)

Top bar 4-20mm bar 1256.636 1256.636 1256.636 1256.636

628.318 628.318 628.318 628.318

Bottom bar 2-20mm bar

Ast(mm2) 628.318 1256.636 628.318 1256.636

Asc(mm2) 1256.636 628.318 1256.636 628.318

c1=0.36*fck*b*Xui.e

c1=A*Xu 3150 Xu 3150Xu 3150 Xu 3150 Xu

c2=Asc*fsc(KN) 517.734 258.86 517.734 258.86

T=.87*fy*Ast(KN) 273.318 546.636 273.318 546.636

Xu=(T-c2)/A (mm) -77.59 82.786 -77.59 82.786

Xu<d' Xu<Xumax Xu<d' Xu<Xumax

Under Under Under Under

reinforced reinforced reinforced reinforced

Muc1=.36*fck*b*Xu*(d-

0.42Xu) - 108.28 - 108.28

Muc2=Asc*fsc(d-d') - 207.09 - 207.09

Mu=0.87*fy*Ast*(d-d') 109.327 - 109.327 -

Mu=Muc1+Muc2 109.327 315.37 109.327 315.37

Hence

MuAs = 109.327 KN-m MuBs = 109.327 KN-m

Ah Bh

Mu = 315.37 KN-m Mu = 315.37 KN-m

1.2 (DL+LL)

=1.2(13.298+0)

=15.987 KNm

=41.41 KN

L=5.1816 m

Now,

Sway to right,,

Vu,a = VD+La- 1.4(Mu-limAs+ Mu-limBh)/L

= -73.337KN

Vu,b = VD+Lb+ 1.4(Mu-limAs+ Mu-limBh)/L

= 156.157 KN

Sway to left,

Vu,a = VD+La+ 1.4(Mu-limAh+ Mu-limBs)/L

=156.157 KN

Vu,b = VD+Lb- 1.4(Mu-limAh+ Mu-limBs)/L

= -73.337 KN

Maximum design shear at A and B are 156.157 KN

Vu = 156.157 KN

Vu 156.157 ∗10^3

τv= = = 0.99

bd 350∗450

then,

Ast

% of steel = 100

bd

1256.636

= 100 * = 0.797%

350∗450

From table 19, by interpolation we get,

τc= 0.583 <τvso, we have to design

SHEAR DESIGN:

Vuc= τc * bd

= 0.583 *350*450

= 91.822 KN

Then,

Vus= Vu - Vuc

= 156.157-91.82

=64.337 KN

Also,

Let us provide Asv = 8mm 2 legged

π∗8∗8

Asv= 2 * = 100.53mm2

4

Now,

0.87∗fy∗Asv∗d

Vus =

Sv

0.87∗500∗100.53∗450

Sv=

64.337∗1000

= 305.869mm

Sv≤ d/4 = 112.5 mm

≤ 8dmin = 160 mm

Hence, provide 2 legged 8 mm dia. bar at the spacing of 100 mm and beyond distance 2d from

support, provide maximum spacing of stirrups

Smax = d/2 = 450/2 = 225 mm

DEFLECTION CHECK:

L L

() d

()

permissible=

d

basic* Kt * Kc* Kf

For kt , we have

Area of cross section of steel required

fs = 0.58*fy*

Area of cross section of steel provided

384.46

= 0.58*500* = 88.723

1256.636

For fs = 88.723 and %steel = (100*1256.636)/(350*450) = 0.7978%,

Modification factor (Kt) = 0.93

Modification factor (Kc) = 1.13

L

()d

permissible= 20*1.13*1 = 22.6

L L

()d

available = (5.1816/450) = 11.51 <()

d

permissible (OK)

Checking development length at the maximum shear of the continuous beam

* s * 0.87 * 500

Development length, LD (IS: 456-2000, Clause 26.2.1)

4 * bd 4 * 1.2 * 1.6

We have ɸ = 20 mm,

LD = 1132.8125 mm

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