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# BEAM :First Floor C23

Materials:
Concrete grade : M25
Steel : Fe 500

Size of beam:
Overall depth of beam (D) = 500 mm
Width of beam (b) = 350 mm
Effective cover (d’) = 50 mm
Effective depth (d) = 450 mm
fck =25N/mm2
fy = 500 N/mm2
Xumax = 0.46*450
= 207

## For rectangular beam design:

Limiting moment (Mul ) = 0.36*fck*b*Xumax*(d-0.42*Xumax)
= 0.36*25*350*207*(450-0.42*207)
= 236.733 KNm

## From, IS CODE 13920: clause 6.1.2

b/D>0.3
350/500=0.7
Hence OK.
From, IS CODE 13920: clause 6.1.4
D<L/4
L= 5.1816 L/4=1295.4 mm
D=500mm
Hence OK.
From, IS CODE 13920: clause 6.1.4
b>200
b=350mm
Hence OK.

## For the left end of the beam:

From SAP, Mu = -164.2832 KNm &97.81 KNm
For Negative moment:
i.e., Mu = -164.2832 KNm

## For Negative moment:

i.e., Mu = -164.2832 KNm
Mu <MulSo,singly reinforcement is to be designed.
Calculation of Ast:

Mu=.87*fy*Ast*(d-Ast*fy/(fck*b))
On calculating ,
Ast= 955.074 mm2
No. of Bars= Ast/Ast = 20 mm
= 3.04
= 4

Provide 4T20
Astpro.= 1256.636 mm2 OK

## Min. Reinforcement : (CL26.5.1.1a)IS456:2000) From IS13920, CL 6.2.1b)

As/bd=0.85/fy Asmin.= 0.0024*(fck/fy)^0.5*b*d
Asmin.= 267.75 mm2 OK Asmin.= 84.523 mm2

## Max. Reinforcement :(CL26.5.1.1b)IS456:2000) From IS13920, CL 6.2.1b)

Asmax.= 2.5%of bD
Asmax.= 0.04bD Asmax.= 4375 mm2
= 7000 mm2 OK
For Positive moment:
i.e., Mu = 71.584 KNm
Since, Mu<Multhe beam is singly reinforced beam
Mu = 0.87*fy*Ast*(d – (Ast*fy)/(b*fck))
71.584*106 = 0.87*500*Ast*(450 – (Ast*500)/(350*25))
On solving above equation we get,
Ast = 384.46 mm2

=384.46 /314.159
=1.22
=2

## Now provide 2 – 20mm φ

π∗20∗20
So, Ast provided = 2* = 628.318 mm2 >Areq
4
Now,
0.85
Ast,min = * bd IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.1
fy
0.85
= * 350*450
500
= 267.75 mm2
Ast,max= 0.04bD = 0.04 * 350 * 500 = 7000mm2 IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.2
Since, Ast,min<Ast provided <Ast,max (OK)

## For mid span of the beam:

From SAP, Mu = 47.4212 KNm
Since, Mu<Mul the beam is singly reinforced beam
Mu = 0.87*fy*Ast*(d – (Ast*fy)/(b*fck))
47.4212*106 = 0.87*500*Ast*(450 – (Ast*500)/(400*25))
On solving above equation we get,
Ast = 250.203 mm2
Now provide 2 – 20mm φ
π∗20∗20
So, Ast provided = 2* = 628.318 mm2 >Areq
4
Now,
0.85
Ast,min = * bd IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.1
fy
0.85
= * 350 * 450
500
= 267.75 mm2
Ast,max= 0.04bD = 0.04 * 350 * 500 = 7000 mm2 IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.2
Since, Ast,min<Ast provided <Ast,max (OK)

## For right end of the beam:

From SAP Mu = --156.249 KNm & 62.2403 KNm
For Negative moment:
i.e., Mu = -156.249 KNm
Mu <Mul So, singly reinforcement is to be designed.
Mu = 0.87*fy*Ast*(d – (Ast*fy)/(b*fck))
-156.249*106 = 0.87*500*Ast*(450 – (Ast*500)/(350*25))
On solving above equation we get,
Ast = 901.379 mm2
Now provide 3 – 20mm φ
π∗20∗20
So, Ast provided = 3* = 942.477 mm2 >Areq
4
Now,
0.85
Ast,min = * bd IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.1
fy
0.85
= * 350 * 450
500
= 267.75 mm2
Ast,max= 0.04bD = 0.04 * 350 * 500 = 7000mm2 IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.2
Since, Ast,min<Ast provided <Ast,max (OK)

## For Positive moment:

i.e., Mu = 62.2403 KNm
Since, Mu<Mul the beam is singly reinforced beam
Mu = 0.87*fy*Ast*(d – (Ast*fy)/(b*fck))
62.2403*106 = 0.87*500*Ast*(450 – (Ast*500)/(410*25))
On solving above equation we get,
Ast = 331.95 mm2
Now provide 2 – 20 mm φ
π∗20∗20
So, Ast provided = 2* = 628.318 mm2 >Areq
4
Now,
0.85
Ast,min = * bd IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.1
fy
0.85
= * 350 * 450
500
= 267.75 mm2
Ast,max= 0.04bD = 0.04 * 350 * 500 = 7000mm2 IS 456:2000 Clause 26.5.1.2
Since, Ast,min<Ast provided <Ast,max (OK)
Hence, the following numbers of bars in two layers is provided for the beam as shown in figure.
All bars 20mm Ø Left end mid span Right end
Top 4 2 3
Bottom 2 2 2

SHEAR CHECK:
Shear Reinforcement Design:
(IS 13920; Clause 6.2.1)

## Minimum two bars should be continuous at top and bottom

(IS 13920; Clause 6.2.3)
The positive steel at the joint face must be atleast equal to the half the –ve steel of that face.
Joint A
Half the –ve steel =1256.636/2
=628.318 mm2
Positive steel = 628.318 mm2

Joint B
Half the –ve steel =942.477/2
=471.238 mm2
Positive steel= 628.318 mm2

## IS 13920; Clause 6.2.4

Along the length of the beam
Ast at the top or bottom >=0.25 Ast at top at joint A or B
>=0.25*1256.636
>=314.159 mm2
Hence OK

Sway to right
Vu,a = VD+La- 1.4(Mu-limAs+ Mu-limBh)/L
Vu,b = VD+Lb+ 1.4(Mu-limAs+ Mu-limBh)/L
Sway to left
Vu,a = VD+La+ 1.4(Mu-limAh+ Mu-limBs)/L
Vu,b = VD+Lb- 1.4(Mu-limAh+ Mu-limBs)/L

## Calculation of moment capacities:

b= 350 Mm d= 450 mm
d'= 50 Mm d'/d= 0.1
fsc= 412 N/mm2 Xumax= 207 mm
MuAs (KN- MuAh MuBs (KN- MuBh (KN-
Description m) (KN-m) m) m)
Top bar 4-20mm bar 1256.636 1256.636 1256.636 1256.636
628.318 628.318 628.318 628.318
Bottom bar 2-20mm bar
Ast(mm2) 628.318 1256.636 628.318 1256.636
Asc(mm2) 1256.636 628.318 1256.636 628.318
c1=0.36*fck*b*Xui.e
c1=A*Xu 3150 Xu 3150Xu 3150 Xu 3150 Xu
c2=Asc*fsc(KN) 517.734 258.86 517.734 258.86
T=.87*fy*Ast(KN) 273.318 546.636 273.318 546.636
Xu=(T-c2)/A (mm) -77.59 82.786 -77.59 82.786
Xu<d' Xu<Xumax Xu<d' Xu<Xumax
Under Under Under Under
reinforced reinforced reinforced reinforced
Muc1=.36*fck*b*Xu*(d-
0.42Xu) - 108.28 - 108.28
Muc2=Asc*fsc(d-d') - 207.09 - 207.09
Mu=0.87*fy*Ast*(d-d') 109.327 - 109.327 -
Mu=Muc1+Muc2 109.327 315.37 109.327 315.37
Hence
MuAs = 109.327 KN-m MuBs = 109.327 KN-m
Ah Bh
Mu = 315.37 KN-m Mu = 315.37 KN-m

1.2 (DL+LL)
=1.2(13.298+0)
=15.987 KNm

## VD+La= VD+Lb= 0.5*5.1816*15.987

=41.41 KN
L=5.1816 m
Now,
Sway to right,,
Vu,a = VD+La- 1.4(Mu-limAs+ Mu-limBh)/L
= -73.337KN
Vu,b = VD+Lb+ 1.4(Mu-limAs+ Mu-limBh)/L
= 156.157 KN
Sway to left,
Vu,a = VD+La+ 1.4(Mu-limAh+ Mu-limBs)/L
=156.157 KN
Vu,b = VD+Lb- 1.4(Mu-limAh+ Mu-limBs)/L
= -73.337 KN
Maximum design shear at A and B are 156.157 KN
Vu = 156.157 KN
Vu 156.157 ∗10^3
τv= = = 0.99
bd 350∗450
then,
Ast
% of steel = 100
bd

1256.636
= 100 * = 0.797%
350∗450
From table 19, by interpolation we get,
τc= 0.583 <τvso, we have to design

SHEAR DESIGN:
Vuc= τc * bd
= 0.583 *350*450
= 91.822 KN
Then,
Vus= Vu - Vuc
= 156.157-91.82
=64.337 KN
Also,
Let us provide Asv = 8mm 2 legged
π∗8∗8
Asv= 2 * = 100.53mm2
4
Now,
0.87∗fy∗Asv∗d
Vus =
Sv
0.87∗500∗100.53∗450
Sv=
64.337∗1000
= 305.869mm

## From IS 13920 Clause 6.3.5,

Sv≤ d/4 = 112.5 mm
≤ 8dmin = 160 mm
Hence, provide 2 legged 8 mm dia. bar at the spacing of 100 mm and beyond distance 2d from
support, provide maximum spacing of stirrups
Smax = d/2 = 450/2 = 225 mm

DEFLECTION CHECK:
L L
() d
()
permissible=
d
basic* Kt * Kc* Kf

For kt , we have
Area of cross section of steel required
fs = 0.58*fy*
Area of cross section of steel provided
384.46
= 0.58*500* = 88.723
1256.636
For fs = 88.723 and %steel = (100*1256.636)/(350*450) = 0.7978%,
Modification factor (Kt) = 0.93

## For kc, using %steet = (100*Ast)/(b*d) = 0.7978%

Modification factor (Kc) = 1.13
L
()d
permissible= 20*1.13*1 = 22.6

L L
()d
available = (5.1816/450) = 11.51 <()
d
permissible (OK)

## CHECK FOR DEVELOPMENT LENGTH:

Checking development length at the maximum shear of the continuous beam
 * s  * 0.87 * 500
Development length, LD   (IS: 456-2000, Clause 26.2.1)
4 *  bd 4 * 1.2 * 1.6
We have ɸ = 20 mm,
LD = 1132.8125 mm