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P5.43 T - fk = 5.00a (for 5.

00 kg mass)
9.00 g – T = 9.00a (for 9.00 kg mass)
Adding these two equation gives :
9.00 (9.80) – 0.200(5.00)(9.80) = 14.0a
a = 5.60 m/s2
∴ T = 5.00(5.60) + 0.200(5.00)(9.80)
= 37.8 N

P5.44 Let a represent the positive magnitude of acceleration –aĵ of m1, of the acceleration –
aĭ of m2, and the acceleration + aĵ of m3. Call T12 the tension in the left rope and T23
the tension in the cord on the right.

For m1, ∑ 𝐹 y = may + T12 – m1g = -m1a


For m2, ∑ 𝐹 x = max - T12 + 𝜇 kn + T23 = m2a
and ∑ 𝐹 y = max n – m2g = 0
for m3, ∑ 𝐹 x = may T23 – m3g = +m3a

We have three simultaneous equations

- T12 + 39.2 N = (4.00 kg)a


+ T12 – 0.350(9.80 N) - T23 = (1.00 kg)a
+ T23 – 19.6 N = (2.00 kg)a

(a) Add them up:

+39.2 N – 3.43 N – 19.6 N = (7.00 kg)a


a = 2.31 m/s2, down for m1, left for m2, and up for m3

(b) Now –T12 2.31 N = (4.00 kg)(2.31 m/s2)


m/+
+ 39.2

T12 = 30.0 N

Dan 𝑇23 − 19,6𝑁 = (2𝑘𝑔)(2,31𝑚/𝑠 2 )


2.31 m/+
𝑇23 = 24,2𝑁

P5.45 (a) See the figure to the right

(b) 68.0 – T - 𝜇m2g = m2a (Block#2)


T - 𝜇m1g = m1a (Block#1)

Adding,

68.0 – 𝜇(m1+ m2)g = (m1+ m2)a


68.0
a = (𝑚1+ 𝑚2) – 𝜇g = 1.29 m/s2

2.31
m/+
T = m1a + 𝜇m1g =
27.2 N
P5.46 (Case 1, impending upward motion) 0.161P

Setting

∑ 𝐹 x = 0: P cos 50.0° - n = 0

fs, max = 𝜇 sn: fs, max = 𝜇 sP cos 50.0°


= 0.250(0.643)P
= 0.161P

Setting

∑ 𝐹 y = 0: P sin 50.0° - 0.161P – 3.00(9.80) = 0


Pmax = 48.6 N

(Case 2, impending downward motion)


As in Case 1

fs, max = 0.161P

Setting

∑ 𝐹 y = 0: P sin 50.0° - 0.161P – 3.00(9.80) = 0


Pmin = 31.7 N

b) F cos 15° - (24.67 – 0.094F) – 75 SIN 25° = 0


Maka hasilnya

c) fk = µkn = 10.6 – 0.040F. Since the velocity is constant, the net force is zero :

Fcos 15° - (10.6 – 0.040F) – 75 sin 25° = 0.

This gives

d)