GATE2018 MESet1
Engineering
Industrial Engineering Mechanics
Engineering General Aptitude Mathematics 4%
4% 15% 14%
Manufacturing Mechanics of
Engineering Materials
14% 14%
Thermodynamics
10%
Fluid Mechanics
11%
Theory Of
Machines
7%
ME ANALYSIS2018_3Feb_Morning
General Aptitude
GATE 2018 Examination* (Memory Based)
Mechanical Engineering
Test Date: 3FEB2018
Test Time: 9:00 AM 12:00 PM
Subject Name: Mechanical Engineering
General Aptitude
Q.1  Q.5 Carry One Mark each.
1. Her_____________ should not be confused with miserliness because she is ever willing to
assist those in need.
(A) Cleanliness (B) Punctuality
(C) Frugality (D) Greatness
[Ans. C]
2. Going by the __________ that many hands make light work, the school __________ involved all
the students in the task
(A) Principle , Principal
[Ans. A]
5. 7 machines take 7 min to make 7 identical toys. At the same rate how many minutes would
it take for 100 machines to make 100 toys?
(A) 1 (B) 7
(C) 100 (D) 700
[Ans. B]
7. From the time, the front of a train enters a platform it take 25 sec for back of the train to
leave the platform, if train is travelling at 54 km/hr. At the same speed it takes 14 sec to
pass a man running at 9 km/h in same direction of the train. Length of train and platform
in m is?
(A) 175 and 200 (B) 210 and 140
(C) 162.5 and 187.5 (D) 245 and 130
[Ans. A]
9. A number consists of 2 digits, the sum of digits is 9. If 45 is subtracted from the number its
digits are interchange. What is the number?
(A) 63 (B) 72
(C) 81 (D) 90
[Ans. B]
Technical
1. [ ] .Find rank of A
(A) 1 (B) 2
(C) 3 (D) 4
[Ans. B]
[ ]
( ) , ( )
Take number of older ‘ ’
* +
If at least one minor of older (2) is not equal to zero, and minor of order greater than ‘ ’
equal to zero, Then we can say that Rank is “ ”
C (A)
3. Consider the function F(x) which is continuous in (a, b) there exists [a, b] such that
∫ f(x) dx is __________
(A) f( )(b a) (B) f(b)( a)
(C) f(a)(b ) (D) 0
[Ans. A]
5. ∯ r̅ n̂ ds over the closed surface ‘S’ bounding the volume ‘V’ where r x ̂ ŷ zk̂ is
the position vector
(A) 1V (B) 2V
(C) 3V (D) 4V
[Ans. C]
6. Let x , x be two normal random (independent) variables with means , and standard
deviation , , consider y x x is random variable then _________ (given that
, , )
(A) Y is normal distributed random variable with mean=0, variance=1
(B) Y is normal distributed random variable with mean=0, variance=5
(C) Y is not normal distributed random variable with mean =0, variance =1
(D) Y is not normal distributed random variable with mean=0, variance =5
[Ans. B]
Mean of R V ’Y’ [Y] [X X ] [X ] [X ]
Mean E(y)]
Variance of Y, U(Y) V(X X ) V(X ) V(X ) cov(X,Y)
[Given X , X an independent so cov (X, Y) ]
U(x ) U(x ) ( )
7. A six faced fair dice is rolled times then percentage probability of obtaining ‘ ’ at least
times is
(A) 33 (B) 3.33
(C) 0.33 (D) 0.0033
[Ans. C]
Let “X V” is probabililty of getting “ ”, “r” times out of ‘n’ trails
n ,P ,
P(X U) P(X ) P(X )
( ) ( ) ( )
Percentage probabililty
8. A box contains 4 Red, 4 Green, 4 Black balls, 3 balls are pulled out of the box at random
one after another without replacement. Probability of getting all 3 balls is red.
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
[Ans. B]
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.
GATE2018 MESet1
R R R
L( t e )
(S )
(S)
(S )
( )
10. In a slider crank mechanism, crank is of length 30 mm and connecting rod is of length 70
mm. At the instant when crank is making with the line of reciprocation of slider what
will be the turning moment (Nm) on crank if a force of 40 kN is applied on the slider as
shown?
mm
kN
[Ans. *] 1118.33
11. A mass 200 kg is supported with two springs of stiffness k=10 kN/m and subjected to a
harmonic force (t) cos t kN Find the magnitude of dynamic force transmitted
from each mounting to the ground
F(t)
k k
[Ans. *] 33.33 kN
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.
GATE2018 MESet1
( , )
( , ,)
( , )
( , ) ( , )
( ⁄ , )
13. Below is figure shown what the name of weld based on shaded region is.
14. block of mass kg is sliding along a curved surface from P t point Q, it’s velocity is
20m/s and radius of curvature is 2 m. What will be the normal force acting block at
Q?(Take g m s )
Q
[Ans. *] 420
At the free body diagram
N
mv
mg
R
mv
N mg
R
N
15. A rigid bar of weight 100 N and length L is supported to a fix support with the help of two
inextensible strings S and S . At equilibrium, what is the magnitude of tension developed
in strings T and T ?
T T
S S
L L
(A) 100 N, 0 N
(B) 0 N, 100 N
[Ans. B]
W T T
T
T
L L
W
L L
T ( ) w( ) T w N
T ,T N
16. A point mass is shooted vertically upward with a gun and initial velocity 4 m/sat t = 0. It
comes back to ground and rebound but 20% of the velocity is lost in rebounding. If the
final velocity comes to zero then how much time it will take?(Take g m s )
(A) 1 (B) 2
(C) 4 (D)
[Ans. C]
17. A steel column of rectangular crosssection is simply supported at ends. Length of the
column is 1.5 m and cross section dimensions are mm mm. Modulus of elasticity is
200 GPa. The critical load (in kN) which the column can carry is__________kN.
[Ans. *]1.09
Given, L=1.5 m
mm
mm
E Pa
E
P ( )
L
kN
18. A bar is compressed up to half of its original length. The magnitude of true strain produced
in cylinder is__________?
[Ans. *]
L L
L
L
L
e ln ( ) ln ( )
L
magnitude is
19. If and are maximum and minimum values of principle stresses algebraically then the
maximum value of shear stress is?
(A)
(B) √
(C) ( ) (D) √
[Ans. A]
( )
20. True stress( ) Vs True strain ( ) curve is shown in figure when material is loaded up to A.
At A stress is 500 MPa and strain is 0.5. Then material is unloaded up to B, what will be the
strain at B if stress at B is 100 MPa, young’s modulus of material is 200 GPa.
MPa
MPa
[Ans. *] 0.498
( )
( )
21. Two wooden pieces are attached as shown in figure below. They are attached as shown in
the figure. The whole assembly experiences a tensile stress of 4 MPa
MPa MPa
22. A block of mass 2 kg slides down steadily against a vertical wall. A very thin oil layer of
thickness 0.15mm acts as a lubricant between the block and the wall. The thickness of oil
layer is 0.15 mm.
kg
Oil
h mm
If the interface area of block is m , the dynamic viscosity of oil is Pasec.
Find out the terminal velocity of the block. Take g = 10 m s .
Assume the velocity profile developed in oil layer due to sliding of block to be linear.
[Ans. *] 10.714 m/s
Based on the situation predicted in the problem the FDD of the body can be drawn as
f
kg
w mg
As the body is moving with terminal velocity, this means the resultant of all forces on the
block is zero
f w
Where f is the viscous force on the block by oil
f mg
T  mg
du mg

dy
But as the velocity profile in the oil is linear
du V

dy h
V mg
h
mgh
V
V m sec
23. An engine operates on otto cycle with initial supply of air at 0.1 MPa and .
The compression ratio of cycle is 8 and heat supplied is 500 kJ/kg.
What is the maximum temperature for the cycle?
[Ans. *] 1085
Based on the given condition the working cycle can be plotted as.
̅
Q k kg
v
iven T ,p MPa
V
lso r
V
1 is adiabatic compression process therefore,
TV TV
V
T T ( )
V
T T ( )
mm
m mm
[Ans. *] 30
L
M
Hence q N m
L m
M
( )( )
m
MPa
25. For a given state of stress, kPa, kPa and minimum principle stress is
10 kPa. What is (in kPa).
kPa
kPa
kPa
( ) √( ) ( )
kPa
eed
[Ans. *] 53.3
27. The wire diameter of a helical compression spring is increased by 2%. Find out % change
in stiffness.
[Ans. *] 8.243
d
k
N
d d
d d
k k
k
28. If a selfaligning ball bearing is having a basic load rating of 35 kN and equivalent bearing
load of 45 kN the expected rating life in number of million revolution will be
(A) <0.5 (B) 0.5 to 0.8
(C) (D)
[Ans. A]
iven c kN
P kN
L ( )
P
31. The P face of a 20 cm thick wale is in contact with a fluid having ambient temperature 45
and coefficient of convection h = h⁄m k. The thermal conductivity of the wall is 2.5
w/mk. What is the temperature of A fall of the wall?
h
T
k w mk
P Q
[Ans.*] 33.88
h W
T k w mk
Q
P T
Q
P Q
Q Q by condition of steady state
k
h (T T ) (T T )
L
hL
(T T ) T T
h
( T ) T
T
33. For the following brake, the magnitude of braking torque (Nm) is equal to?
mm
N
mm
mm
mm
mm
N
mm
mm
raking torque NR
Nm
35. As shown in the figure, an open container of height 1 m is completely filled with water.
There is a hole at a depth of 0.5m from the top. What is the value of x, where the jet from
the hole strikes the ground. Calculate x in m.
m Water
get of water
Hole
x
ontainer
[Ans.*] 1
m
①
x
ontainer
pplying ernoulli’s equation between section ① and section ② for the given time
instant
P V P V
y y
g g
ut y y
P V P V
g g
By continuity equation
V V
ut for
V V
V as compared to V
P P V
g
P P
V [ ( )]
ut P P h Where h
P P
P P h
Hence V √ gh.
Time taken by the get to cover horizontal distance x is same as time taken by it to cover
vertical distance of h m
h
t √
g
Because initial velocity of efflux of get is purely horizontal
x Vt
h
√ gh √ m
g
36. In a linearly hardening plastic material, true stress beyond initial yielding
(A) Increases linearly with true strain
(B) Decreasing linearly with true strain
(C) First increase linearly then decrease linearly
(D) Remain constant
[Ans. D]
Constant after yield point
onventional
yield point stress strain curve
True
stress strain curve
38. The flow conditions for steady state flow through a nozzle are as shown below.
nlet
Q kW
h k kg h k kg
msec
Nozzle
If the nozzle is noninsulted and rate of heat loss from fluid to surroundings through
nozzle is 5 kW, what is the exit velocity ?
[Ans. *] 447.21 m/s
39. A gas expands from initial state p1 =100 kPa, T k) to a final state
(T k, P kPa).
The specific heats for the gas are given as:
=1kJ/Kg
=0.7KJ/Kg K
What is the change in entropy of the gas in kJ/kgk.
[Ans. *] 0.363
T p
S ln ( ) ( ) ln ( )
T p
S ln ( ) ( ) ln ( )
S ln ( ) ln
S k g K.
40. A tank of volume m contains a mixture of saturated water and saturated vapour. In
the mixture, the mass of liquid is 8 kg. What is the entropy of the mixture in kJ/kg,if the
temperature of mixture is
Given that T
p MPa
v m kg
v m kg
S k kg k
S k kg k
[Ans. *] 3.502
V mV
m
V V V
V
V m
Hence
V
m kg
v
mg
x
mg m
S S xs
=3.502 kJ/kgK
41. A sprinkler rotates about hinge O in horizontal plane as shown in the figure. The discharge
to the sprinkle is uniformly distributed to the two limbs
cm cm
If the flow rate at inlet of sprinkles is 1 lt/sec and nozzle area at axis is cm . What is the
steady state angular velocity assuming frictionless hinge?
[Ans. *] We Will update soon
42. Lagrangian approach. Based on Lagrangian description, the position of a fluid particle is
given as x x e and y y e . Where x,y are position coordinates in m t is time in Scc
and x , y , b are constant. The flow is
(A) Steady 1D (B) Unsteady 1D
(C) Steady 2D (D) Unsteady 2D
[Ans. C]
x x e
y y e
dx
u x e ( b)
dt
bx
dy
and v y e (b)
dt
yb
ieV ⃗ û v̂
bx ̂ yb ̂
⃗ , Now represents eulerian description of flow, i.e. velocity vector at (x, y) for time instant
V
t.
⃗V ⃗V
, hence flow is
x y
⃗⃗
lso therefore flow is steady
Thus flow is steady two dimensional
43. A flow field is described by V ⃗ (x ̂ y ̂) Where A>0. Which of the following statements
is incorrect
(A) The flow field follows continuity equation
(B) Flow is Irrotational
(C) Equation of streamline is x=y
(D) f x ,y , the flow becomes unidirectional
[Ans. C]
⃗V (x ̂ y ̂)
u x
v y
u
x
u
y
u v
x y
u v
x y
i. e the given velocity vector satisfies the 2D continuity equation for incompressible fluid
therefore first statement is true
Also
u
y
v u
x y
i e w i.e. flow is irrotational hence 2nd statement is also true.
The streamline equation for the flow is
dx dy
u v
dx dy
x y
ln x ln y c
xy k
Hence 3rd statement is false
Based on the expression V⃗ (xi yj)when x , motion is nearly along y axis hence
flow is 1D for all value of y and similarly when y
u v
Again flow is unidirectional thus 4th statement is also true
Since out of 4 statements only 3rd statement is false, and we have to choose incorrect
statement,(C) is the answer
44. A sine bar of 125 mm is used for a taper of 27 ’ height (mm) is _________
[Ans. *] We Will update soon
45. n the Taylor’s tool life formula n of cutting velocity is decreased by 50%, the ratio of
new tool life to original tool lie is?
[Ans. *] 4
46. Number of atoms per unit cell and number of slip systems in FCC are?
[Ans. *] We Will update soon
47. A four bar mechanism has links of length 100 mm, 200 mm, 300 mm, and 350 mm. If 350
mm link is fixed, number of links that can fully rotate are?
[Ans. *] 1 Since it is crank rocker mechanism
48. For Pelton wheel for maximum power ratio of locket speed to water jet speed is?
[Ans. *] 0.5
For a Pelton wheel
P m (v u)u
E mv
P
n
E
(v u)u
v
dx (v u)
du v
for n
dx
du
v u
u
ie
v
T p
T p
Super Heated
Vapour
S
p p
Here statement (A) is correct.
( )
Super Heated
p T
Vapour
T
V
T T
Here statement ( )is incorrect
( )
V
V
V
V V
Here statement ( )is incorrect.
( )
p h
Superheated
p Vapour
h h
h
h h
Here statement (D) is also incorrect.
Therefore answer is option (A).
50. An incompressible fluid is entrapped between a moving plate and a solid wall as shown
L m
Moving
Plate U m sec
V d m
V
If plate is rectangular and large and is moving down with a speed of 1 m/sec. Find the
outward velocity V of the fluid? ( in m/sec)
[Ans. *] 5
dV Volume reduction of fluid intraplexed between plate and wall in small time period
dt
Volume reduction in dt time period
d u(Lw)dt
dv u (L )dt
ut dv U (hw)dt
u(Lw)dt U hw dt
uL
U
h
m sec