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Chapter 8:

FET Amplifiers
Introduction

FETs provide:

• Excellent voltage gain


• Hi h input
High i impedance
i d
• Low-power consumption
• Good frequency range

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 2 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
FET Small-
Small-Signal
g Model

Transconductance

The relationship
Th l ti hi off a change
h in
i ID to
t th
the corresponding
di change
h iin
VGS is called transconductance

Transconductance is denoted gm and given by:

ΔI D
gm =
ΔV GS

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 3 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Graphical
p Determination of gm

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Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Mathematical Definitions of gm
ΔI D
gm =
ΔVGS

2I DSS ⎡ VGS ⎤
gm = ⎢1 − ⎥
VP ⎣ VP ⎦

2I DSS
Where VGS =0V g m0 =
VP
⎡ V ⎤
g m = g m0 ⎢1 − GS ⎥
⎣ VP ⎦

Where 1 − VGS = ID
VP I DSS

⎛ V ⎞ ID
g m = g m0 ⎜⎜ 1 − GS ⎟⎟ = g m0
⎝ VP ⎠ I DSS

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 5 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
FET Impedance
p
Input impedance:
Z i = ∞Ω

Output Impedance:
1
Z o = rd =
y os

where:
ΔVDS
rd = VGS = constant
ΔI D
yos= admittance parameter listed on FET specification sheets.

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 6 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
FET AC Equivalent Circuit

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 7 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Common--Source ((CS)) Fixed-
Common Fixed-Bias Circuit

The input is on the gate and the


output is on the drain

There is a 180° phase shift


between input and output

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 8 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Calculations
Input impedance:

Zi = RG

Output
p impedance:
p

Z o = R D || rd

Zo ≅ R D
rd ≥ 10R D

Voltage gain:
Vo
Av = = − g m (rd || R D )
Vi
Vo
Av = = −g m R D
Vi rd ≥ 10R D

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 9 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Common--Source ((CS)) Self-
Common Self-Bias Circuit
This is a common-source amplifier
configuration, so the input is on the gate
and the output is on the drain

There is a 180° phase shift between


input and output

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 10 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Calculations
Input impedance:
Zi = RG

Output
p impedance:
p

Z o = rd || R D

Zo ≅ R D
rd ≥ 10R D

Voltage gain:

A v = − g m (rd || R D )

A v = −g m R D
rd ≥ 10R D

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 11 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Common--Source (CS) Self
Common Self--Bias Circuit
Removing Cs affects
the ggain of the circuit.

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 12 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Calculations
Input impedance:
Zi = RG

Output impedance:

Zo ≅ R D
rd ≥ 10R D

Voltage gain:
Vo gm R D
Av = =−
Vi R + RS
1 + gm RS + D
rd
Vo gm R D
Av = =− r ≥ 10(R D + R S )
Vi 1 + gmRS d

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 13 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Common--Source (CS) Voltage
Common Voltage--Divider Bias

This is a common-source
amplifier configuration, so the
input
p is on the ggate and the
output is on the drain.

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 14 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Impedances
Input impedance:

Z i = R 1 || R 2

Output impedance:

Z o = rd || R D

Zo ≅ R D
rd ≥ 10R D

Voltage gain:
A v = − g m (rd || R D )

A v = −g m R D
rd ≥ 10R D

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 15 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Source Follower (Common-
(Common-Drain) Circuit
In a common
common-drain
drain amplifier
configuration, the input is on the
gate, but the output is from the
source.
source

There is no phase shift between


i
input
t andd output.
t t

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 16 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Impedances
Input impedance:
Zi = RG

Output impedance:
1
Z o = rd || R S ||
gm
1
Z o ≅ R S || r ≥ 10R S
gm d

Voltage gain:
Vo g m (rd || R S )
Av = =
Vi 1 + g m (rd || R S )
Vo gmRS
Av = = r ≥ 10
Vi 1 + g m R S d

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 17 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Common--Gate ((CG)) Circuit
Common

The input is on the source


and the output is on the
drain.

There is no phase shift


between input and output.

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 18 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Calculations
Input impedance:

⎡ r + RD ⎤
Z i = R S || ⎢ d ⎥
⎣ 1 + g m rd ⎦
1
Z i ≅ R S || r ≥ 10R D
gm d

Output impedance:

Z o = R D || rd
Voltage gain:
Z o ≅ R D rd ≥ 10
⎡ RD ⎤
⎢ m D
g R + ⎥
Vo ⎣ rd ⎦ A v = g m R D rd ≥ 10R D
Av = =
Vi ⎡ RD ⎤
⎢1 + ⎥
⎣ rd ⎦

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 19 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
D-Type
yp MOSFET AC Equivalent
q

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Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
E-Type MOSFET AC Equivalent

gm and rd can be found in


the specification sheet for
the FET.

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 21 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Common--Source Drain
Common Drain--Feedback

There is a 180° phase shift


between input and output.

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 22 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Calculations
Input impedance:
R F + rd || R D
Zi =
1 + g m (rd || R D )
RF
Zi ≅ R >> rd || R D , rd ≥ 10R D
1 + gmR D F

Output
p impedance
p :
Z o = R F || rd ||R D

Z o ≅ R D R F >> rd || R D , rd ≥ 10R D

Voltage gain:

A v = − g m (R F || rd || R D )
A v ≅ − g m R D R F >> rd ||R D ,rd ≥10R D

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 23 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Common--Source Voltage-
Common Voltage-Divider Bias

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 24 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Calculations
Input impedance:
Z i = R 1 || R 2

O t t impedance:
Output i d
Z o = rd || R D
Z o ≅ R D rd ≥ 10

Voltage gain:
A v = − g m (rd || R D )
A v ≅ − g m R D rd ≥ 10R D

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 25 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Summary
y Table

more…
Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 26 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Summary
y Table

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Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Troubleshooting
Check the DC bias voltages:

If not correct check power supply, resistors, FET. Also check to ensure
that the coupling capacitor between amplifier stages is OK.
.
Check the AC voltages:

If not correct check FET,


FET capacitors and the loading effect of the next
stage

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 28 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.
Practical Applications
pp
Three--Channel Audio Mixer
Three
Silent Switching
Phase Shift Networks
Motion Detection System

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 10/e 29 Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All rights reserved.