Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26

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Statutory certificates for merchant ships
Issued to implement various international and local conventions. Issued by appropriate authority.

Convention
SOLAS 74 The Merchant Shipping (Safety Convention) Regulations 1984 The Merchant Shipping (Safety Convention) (Amendment) Regulations 2000 Certificates Passenger Ship Safety Certificate Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate Safety Management Certificate Document of Compliance

Convention
International Convention on Load Lines, 1966, as modified by the Protocol 1988. The Merchant Shipping (Load Line) Regulations, 2000 Certificates International Load Line Certificate

Convention
International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships,1969 The Merchant Shipping (Tonnage) Regulations 1985. Certificates International Tonnage Certificate (1969)

Other Safety Certificates Convention
These additional safety certificates are an extension of the requirements of SOLAS 74 as modified by the 1988 Protocol. Certificates International certificate of fitness for the carriage of dangerous chemical in bulk. (For chemical tankers) International certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk. (For gas carriers) 1

Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 )

Convention
MARPOL 73/78 Prevention of pollution of the sea act (chapter 243) Prevention of Pollution of the Sea (Oil) (Amendment) Regulations 2000 Prevention of Pollution of the Sea (Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk) (Amendment) Regulations 2000 Certificates International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk.

Convention
International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992 International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992 SINGAPORE’S M.S (CIVIL LIABILITY AND COMPENSATION FOR OIL POLLUTION) ACT 1998 Certificates CLC certificate

Certificate of class
Awarded to new or existing vessels. On completion of special survey. Reports of special survey have been submitted by surveyors. Reports to be approved by the committee. Then a certificate of class is issued.

Outlines of initial survey procedures for classification:
Issuance and innovation of rules and regulations for classification. Examination and approval of calculations, drawings, specifications, basic and detail lay out. Materials used for construction, assembly process, finishing inspection and testing. Quality assurance of welding and welders competency. Supervision of the followings: Component assembly. Ship construction Control and compliance with; Classification rules 2

Classification Societies The construction of merchant ships is considerably influenced and regulated by a number of organizations and their various requirements. research and investigation into ship design and construction. These rules are a result of years of experience. A classed ship is therefore considered to have a particular standard of seaworthiness. These rules are based on considerable research and investigation. They are authorized on behalf of government: To inspect and survey the ships. These rules have been developed over many years. practical knowledge. Testing of: Components and systems Sea-trial performance Verification and certification of: Capabilities Features and qualities. To ensure that the ships are being built to certain standards. with their rules and regulations relating to classification. These rules are based on experience.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Statutory requirements Marine fitness. Classification society is a private and non profit making body. They are in fact a set of standards. To ensure by subsequent surveys and inspection that the vessel has maintained her standard with respect to: Structural strength Equipment 3 . A classification society exists to classify or `arrange in order of merit' such ships as are built according to its rules or are offered for classification. provide a set of standards for sound merchant ship construction. Classification societies. Roles of classification societies: The classification societies operate by publishing rules and regulations relating to the structural efficiency and the reliability of propelling machinery and equipment.

The insurance premiums depend upon the class of a ship . commercial and political factors Be sufficiently flexible to handle changes which will be accepted by all those concerned with ship safety. and ABS in USA. Enables the vessel to proceed to voyage when as per surveyor: The vessel is fit. Issued by classification society surveyor. Consider cost factors (especially in relation to safety standards) Be independent of any political interest Meet the requirements of the maritime community (to include. classification societies generally have to :Consider. Certificates will embody surveyor’s recommendation for continuance of class. Lloyds in the UK.the higher the standard the lower the premium. 4 . Condition of class certificate Provisional certificate Interim certificate Issued to a classed vessel. examples include. There is no compulsion on a ship owner to have his ship classed. Subjected to the confirmation of the committee. In efficient condition. charterers. Consultation takes place on matters of common interest through the International Association of Classification Societies (IACS). A classed ship is shown to be of sound construction and a safe means of transport of cargo and passengers. Some other points to note regarding Classification Societies In making Rules for vessels. technical. P&I clubs and others who have interests in shipping).Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Seaworthiness All the major maritime nations have their own societies.

Issued by classification society. 5 .” Load line certificate Overview Issued under international loadline convention. If surveyor thinks that the ship is only safe to proceed to next port for a cheaper or more thorough repair. Survey items Stability booklet Weather tightness of hatch ways and hatch openings Machinery space openings All openings on the weather deck All ventilators on deck and their coamings. Construction of deckhouses. Validity: 5 years. All scupper inlets and discharges from enclosed spaces. superstructures and their bulwark and railings on the freeboard deck. Record of particulars issued with loadline certificate. Condition of walkway Structural alteration that could effect strength of the ship. Preparation for loadline survey For a loadline survey. Repair done as required. information for preparation may be found from "Condition of assignment" issued along with loadline certificate. an endorsement to be made on interim certificate as: “The vessel is safe for intended passage until the next port for further repair and examination. All cargo ports and similar openings. All airpipes and their coamings. Side scuttles. freeing ports.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Issued in the event of: Seaworthiness of the vessel in question due to: Collision Grounding Any maritime accident by which vessel sustained damage to hull/ machinery.

There is no crack on deck or hull. Portholes. All openings on the weather deck are weather tight. Issued by classification society. Hatch ways and hatch openings are weather tight.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Followings items to be checked: Stability booklets available and endorsed by surveyor. sky lights in good condition and operational. overboard discharging valves are operational. Vessel's structural strength is sufficient: The decks or hulls are not badly corroded. Company's ISM manual provides guidance and checklist for loadline survey. Machinery space openings weather tight. Deck line. Survey items Structural strength Water tight doors Bilge pumping and drainage arrangements Electrical equipment and installation Emergency sources of electrical power Electric and electro hydraulic steering gears Precaution against shock. Cargo ports and other similar openings below freeboard deck are watertight. fire and other hazards of electrical origin Fire protection arrangements Boilers and machinery 6 . Pumping arrangements in steering flat and forepeak tanks are in good condition. railings are in good condition. Non-return valves. Validity: 5 years. loadline and draft markings are well painted. All ventilators on deck and their coamings are in good condition. Cargo ship safety construction certificate Overview Issued under SOLAS convention. funnel flaps. Bulwarks.

For specialized tankers and UMS ships. Preparation for safety construction survey Before safety construction survey. additional items. Air pressure systems are in good condition. Cooling water systems are in good condition. Water tight doors are in good condition. fire and other hazards of electrical origin Fire protection arrangements. followings to be checked: Structural strength of the vessel is good. lubricating and other oil systems are in good condition. Bilge pumping and drainage arrangements are in good condition. Means of communications are in good condition. 7 . Electrical equipment and installation Emergency sources of electrical power Electric and electro hydraulic steering gears Precaution against shock.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Means of going astern Shaft Boiler feed system Steam pipe systems Air pressure systems Cooling water systems Fuel. Remote and local controls working properly. lubricating and other oil systems Means of communications Steering gear Anchor chain and cables Means of escape Means of stopping machinery Shutting off fuel suction pipes Closing of openings Additionally For tankers 10000GT and over Two hydraulic steering gear control system Alarms for low level hydraulic fluids Independent means of restraining rudder. Steam pipe systems in good condition. fixed and portable fire fighting equipment are well maintained and in good operational condition. Boilers and machinery Means of going astern Shaft Boiler feed system in good condition. No part of deck or hull is not badly corroded. Fuel.

Survey items Life saving appliances Fire fighting appliances Navigation lights and shapes Means of making sound signals Pilot ladders and associated equipments Mechanical pilot hoists Echo sounding installations Gyro compass installations Radar installation Magnetic compass Speed and distance measuring equipment ARPA Rate of turn indicator Preparation for safety equipment survey Refer to form-E. Cargo ship safety equipment certificate Overview Issued under SOLAS convention. Items will include LSA. Means of stopping machinery Shutting off fuel suction pipes Closing of openings For specialized tankers and UMS ships. Issued by classification society. bridge equipments and navigation lights. FFA. Validity: 5 years. Pilot hoist.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Steering gear Anchor chain and cables Means of escapes are well maintained and in good condition. Checklist and preparation for safety construction survey may be found in company's ISM manual. additional items. attached to certificate which reflects items of that certificate appropriate for the ship. 8 .

Main and emergency fire pumps in good condition. Preparation of fire fighting equipments Fire control plans displayed in conspicuous places. brakes are in good condition. FO flash point not more than 43°C. Emergency lights and general alarm are in good condition. Lifeboat markings. launching arrangements. Location is marked properly. International ship shore connection in proper place. Launching instructions of all survival crafts are displayed near the craft. Renewed or changed end for end if required. Copies of fire plans are available in fire wallet. Life boat davit. Life boat engine tested. Fire hoses. marked and uses appropriate color as per SOLAS. Their markings. Life boat fall in good condition. L/B engine power supply (battery charging) is maintained. Emergency stations directed by arrows. Portable fire extinguishers in good conditioned. properly maintained. reflecting tapes in good condition. of lifebuoys are as per SOLAS. Life jacket donning instructions displayed in conspicuous places. fire hose boxes in good condition and stowed properly. Marked as per SOLAS. Fire detection system in good condition. Life boat and associated equipments are maintained and in good condition. life lines. nozzles. Life raft serviced annually. 9 .Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Preparation of life saving equipments: Muster list updated and posted in conspicuous position. No. Bridge pyrotechnics are adequate. smoke signals are in food condition. Fixed fire extinguishing system in good condition. in good condition as per SOLAS. embarkation arrangements. symbols.

hydrants in good and operational condition. air bottles are adequate as per SOLAS. gyro compass. battery charging system. Number of firemen's outfit. position fixing equipments. isolating valves. Validity: 5 years. Radar. shapes. All associated equipments ar adequate as per SOLAS and in good condition. BA sets. Other items: Navigation lights. General operators certificate.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Fire main system. Pilot ladder or mechanical hoist in good condition. ARPA. NBDP MF/HF DSC INMARSAT NAVTEX receiver EGC receiver EPIRB. compass error book are properly maintained. Location of firemen's outfit marked. Magnetic compass in good condition and deviation curve. battery expiry date Two way VHF radio telephony apparatus Main and emergency sources of power Battery. echo sounder. log. Adequate and up to date charts and publications are onboard. rate of turn indicator in good condition. sound signaling appliances in good condition. Cargo ship safety radio certificate Overview Issued under SOLAS convention. Survey items VHF radio telephony VHF DSC Tx and Rx MF/HF radiotelephony. Issued by classification society. GMDSS log book. battery expiry date SART. 10 .

Crude oil washing system. NBDP MF/HF DSC INMARSAT NAVTEX receiver EGC receiver EPIRB. Oil water separating equipment. Issued by classification society. It contains the survey items. system fittings and arrangements of the ship. Preparation for lOPP survey For a IOPP survey. Validity: 5 years. Survey items Following items are as per MARPOL convention and in good working order: Structure. battery charging system.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Preparation for safety radio survey Refer to form R. followings items to be checked: Oil record book properly filled up and endorsed. Oil discharge monitoring and control system. IOPP certificate Overview Issued under MARPOL 73/78 convention. GMDSS log book. Oil discharge monitor and control system in good working condition. Equipment and associated pump and piping system. Oily water separators and oil filtering equipment in good working condition. battery expiry date Two way VHF radio telephony apparatus Main and emergency sources of power Battery. battery expiry date SART. 11 . attached with the certificate. Following items to be in good operational condition: VHF radio telephony VHF DSC Tx and Rx MF/HF radiotelephony. General operators certificate. equipment. Oil filtering system.

ENHANCED SPECIAL SURVEY Bulk carriers and tankers required to undergo an enhanced survey program. Vessel to keep record of Thickness measurement report. Anti-pollution gear is sufficient. Transverse and longitudinal bulkheads. Coamings in bulk carriers. Cargo and ballast tanks and cargo hold stiffening members. All tank coatings are to be evaluated periodically. Cross deck structures and hatch covers. Deck and bottom transverses.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Pumping and piping systems are in good condition. SOPEP is updated and endorsed. Required as per regulation-2. Areas of substantial corrosion (which includes areas have a wastage of greater than 75% of the allowable margin) require further thickness and an extended close up survey. CH-XI of SOLAS convention. Close up survey to be carried out to check the condition of critical members of ships structure. Forward cargo hold framings. Aspects as per ABS rules A specific survey program in written format must be worked out in advance. Girders and stiffeners. Surveyor may extend close up survey if deemed necessary. Survey report Executive hull summary. Tanks having poor coating conditions to be evaluated more frequently. This includes: Transverse web frame rings. Company's ISM manual provides guidance for preparation and checklist for IOPP survey. 12 . Dry docking is required to complete a vessel's special survey of hull.

Certificates to have a uniform period of validity of five years. Initial survey. 1974 The International Convention on Load Lines. (LL) 1966 The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships. as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78) The International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code) Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (BCH Code) Purpose Harmonize periods between surveys of all statutory certificates issued to cargo ships. The system covers survey and certification requirements of the followings codes and conventions: International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS). One or more of the following surveys require for maintenance of certification. Intermediate survey. Periodical survey. 1973.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) HARMONIZED SYSTEM OF SURVEY AND CERTIFICATION A harmonized system of survey and certification covering international shipping regulations adopted by the International Maritime Organization enters into force on 3 February 2000. Annual survey. 13 .

A maximum period of validity of five years for all cargo ship certificates. Additional survey. safety construction and safety radio certificate. 14 . A maximum period of validity of one year for all passenger ship certificates. the period of validity of new certificate starts from the expiry date of last certificate. Intervals between surveys of cargo ship's safety equipment will be changed to interval of two and three years in stead of two years. No more unscheduled inspections. maximum interval between the inspections should not be greater than thirty six months. A combined cargo ship safety certificate that will replace existing safety equipment. which could be any of the followings: Initial survey Annual survey Intermediate survey Periodical survey. Time window of six months for other surveys. Features One year standard interval between surveys. Renewal survey Renewal survey may be completed within three months before the expiry of the certificate with no loss of its period of validity.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Renewal survey. one month for short voyages. At least two inspections of ship's bottom in a five year period. Annual surveys are mandatory. If a certificate is extended. Three months extension for cargo ship certificates.

including Record of Equipment Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate. including Record of Equipment Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate. including Record of Equipment International Load Lines Certificate International Load Lines Exemption Certificate International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk 15 .Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Intermediate surveys are required for all ships under the cargo ship safety construction certificate. including Record of Equipment Cargo Ship Safety Certificate. There is a provision for combined cargo ship safety certificate. Intermediate surveys for the cargo ship safety construction certificate can be held within three months of either the second or third anniversary date. Inspections of the outside of ship's bottom required for all cargo ships. Certificates related to HSSC Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.

(LL) 1966 The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships. which could be any of the followings: Initial survey Annual survey 16 . Certificates to have a uniform period of validity of five years. The system covers survey and certification requirements of the followings codes and conventions: International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS). Renewal survey. One or more of the following surveys require for maintenance of certification. Purpose Harmonize periods between surveys of all statutory certificates issued to cargo ships. Intermediate survey. Periodical survey. Annual survey. 1974 The International Convention on Load Lines. HARMONIZED SYSTEM OF SURVEY AND CERTIFICATION A harmonized system of survey and certification covering international shipping regulations adopted by the International Maritime Organization enters into force on 3 February 2000. Additional survey.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) View more about harmonized system for survey and certification. Initial survey. 1973. Features One year standard interval between surveys. as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78) The International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code) Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (BCH Code) Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC Code).

A maximum period of validity of five years for all cargo ship certificates. including Record of Equipment 17 .Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Intermediate survey Periodical survey. There is a provision for combined cargo ship safety certificate. If a certificate is extended. Time window of six months for other surveys. the period of validity of new certificate starts from the expiry date of last certificate. one month for short voyages. At least two inspections of ship's bottom in a five year period. Intervals between surveys of cargo ship's safety equipment will be changed to interval of two and three years in stead of two years. A combined cargo ship safety certificate that will replace existing safety equipment. Three months extension for cargo ship certificates. including Record of Equipment Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate. Certificates related to HSSC Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. Intermediate surveys for the cargo ship safety construction certificate can be held within three months of either the second or third anniversary date. Intermediate surveys are required for all ships under the cargo ship safety construction certificate. including Record of Equipment Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate. safety construction and safety radio certificate. Annual surveys are mandatory. A maximum period of validity of one year for all passenger ship certificates. Renewal survey Renewal survey may be completed within three months before the expiry of the certificate with no loss of its period of validity. No more unscheduled inspections. Inspections of the outside of ship's bottom required for all cargo ships. maximum interval between the inspections should not be greater than thirty six months.

Timber load line also shown. International Maritime Organization IMO Introduction IMO was established (in 1948) as a specialized agency of the United Nations. Distance between summer load line(S) and deck line is the summer freeboard.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Cargo Ship Safety Certificate. 25mm wide. including Record of Equipment International Load Lines Certificate International Load Lines Exemption Certificate International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk View more about harmonized system for survey and certification. Its objective was mainly to evolve international machinery to improve safety at sea. This is reflected in its motto of `safer shipping and cleaner seas’. Since it came into being. including timber loadlines will appear al below. Marked on the ship's side. Load line mark Deck line is 300mm long. The loadlines. it’s main area of work has been to improve maritime safety and prevent the pollution of the marine environment. Maximum permissible freeboard is upper edge of each line. Structure The Organization consists of: Assembly Council 18 .

The Assembly also elects the Council. Voting the budget Determining the financial arrangements of the Organization. under the Assembly. except the function of making recommendations to Governments on maritime safety and pollution prevention. It consists of all Member States and it meets once every two years in regular sessions. for supervising the work of the Organization. Receive reports and proposals of the Committees and other organs and submit them to the Assembly and Member States. Other functions of the Council are to: Co-ordinate the activities of the organs of the Organization. Between sessions of the Assembly the Council performs all the functions of the Assembly. There is also A Facilitation Committee A number of Sub-Committees These additional committees support the work of the main technical committees. Council The Council is elected by the Assembly for two-year terms beginning after each regular session of the Assembly. Assembly This is the highest Governing Body of the Organization. with comments and recommendations as appropriate.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Four main Committees The Maritime Safety Committee The Marine Environment Protection Committee The Legal Committee The Technical Co-operation Committee. May also meet in an extraordinary session if necessary. The Council is the Executive Organ of IMO and is responsible. The Assembly is responsible for: Approving the work program. Consider the draft work program and budget estimates of the Organization and submit them to the Assembly. 19 .

Marine casualty investigations. construction and equipment of vessels. The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) Consists of all Member States Empowered to consider any matter within the scope of the Organization concerned with prevention and control of pollution from ships. subject to the approval of the Assembly. Manning from a safety standpoint. Four main Committees Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) The MSC is the highest technical body of the Organization. Maritime safety procedures and requirements. and (c) Twenty shall be States not elected under (a) or (b) above which have special interests in maritime transport or navigation and whose election to the Council will ensure the representation of all major geographic areas of the world. The functions of the Maritime Safety Committee are to: Consider any matter within the scope of the Organization concerned with aids to navigation. subject to approval by the Assembly. Council members The IMO Convention provides that in electing the Members of the Council the Assembly shall observe the following criteria: (a) Ten shall be States with the largest interest in providing international shipping services. Log-books and navigational records. Concerned with the adoption and amendment of conventions and other regulations and measures to ensure their enforcement. The Committee is also required to provide machinery for performing any duties assigned to it by the IMO Convention or any duty within its cope of work which may be assigned to it by or under any international instrument and accepted by the Organization. (b) Ten shall be other States with the largest interest in international seaborne trade. Sub-Committees: The MSC and MEPC are assisted in their work by nine sub-committees which are also open to all Member States. They deal with the following subjects: 20 . It consists of all Member States. It also has the responsibility for considering and submitting recommendations and guidelines on safety for possible adoption by the Assembly. Salvage and rescue and any other matters directly affecting maritime safety. Enter into agreements or arrangements concerning the relationship of the Organization with other organizations. Rules for the prevention of collisions.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Appoint the Secretary-General. Hydrographic information. Handling of dangerous cargoes.

They are empowered to inspect the ship. Participation in the Facilitation Committee is open to all Member States of IMO. They can check operational procedures. Consists of all Member States of IMO. They can verify competency of officers or crews. Established to ensure compliance with various local and national regulations by merchant vessels. They can verify competency of officers or crews. Any other matters related to the Organization’s activities in the technical co-operation field. Facilitation Committee A subsidiary body of the Council. Empowered to perform any duties within its scope which may be assigned by or under any other international instrument and accepted by the Organization. Port state control Established to ensure compliance of various international regulations by merchant vessels engaged in international trades. Deals with IMO’s work in eliminating unnecessary formalities and “red tape” in international shipping. They can check operational procedures. The Technical Co-operation Committee consists of all Member States of IMO. They are empowered to inspect the ship. Solid Cargoes and Containers(DSC) Fire Protection (FP) Radio-communications and Search and Rescue (COMSAR) Safety of Navigation (NAV) Ship Design and Equipment (DE) Stability and Load Lines and Fishing Vessels Safety (SLF) Standards of Training and Watchkeeping (STW) Flag State Implementation (FSI) Legal Committee Empowered to deal with any legal matters within the scope of the Organization. Technical Co-operation Committee Considers any matter within the scope of the Organization concerned with the implementation of technical co-operation projects for which the Organization acts as the executing or co-operating agency.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Bulk Liquids and Gases (BLG) Carriage of Dangerous Goods. Established by the maritime administration of a country in whose port the vessel is in. Flag state control Maritime administration of a country under whose flag the vessel is flying. 21 .

ENHANCED SPECIAL COATING Painting system. (For chemical tankers). Coatings can be used to ships decks. Used in tankers and bulk carriers. International certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk. ballast tanks. Consideration is only given to an in water survey where a suitable high resistance paint has been applied to the underwater hull. cargo tanks. Applicable for ships where in water survey (IWS) notation is assigned. under water hull and topsides. It is to provide the information normally obtained from docking survey. Coatings can sustain an uninterrupted service of up to 20 years. IN WATER SURVEY Accepted in lieu of one of the two docking surveys required in a five years period. Certificates International certificate of fitness for the carriage of dangerous chemical in bulk. Prolongs their life at sea.Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) SOLAS certificates Convention SOLAS 74 The Merchant Shipping (Safety Convention) Regulations 1984 The Merchant Shipping (Safety Convention) (Amendment) Regulations 2000 Certificates Passenger Ship Safety Certificate Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate Safety Management Certificate Document of Compliance Other Safety Certificates These additional safety certificates are an extension of the requirements of SOLAS 74 as modified by the 1988 Protocol. In water survey requires following satisfying conditions: 22 . Painting to be carried out under special supervision. cargo holds. (For gas carriers).

Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Size (beam) of the ship. Clean hull. Letters indicating the certifying authority 23 . Personnel involved are competent. Done by a recognized firm. High resistance paint. In water visibility. Good communications between the diver and the surveyor. MARKS ON ANCHOR Following marks necessary on an anchor: Makers name or initials Serial no Weight Anchor certificate no. Suitable draft.

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