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Grachelle Ann J.

Revilla Saturday 9:00-12:00


Psychological & Sociological Foundations Final Exam

Reflection About The Learner

Children’s normal pattern of growth and development and the factors that affect

this is tantamount to understanding the learner. Children’s develop as individuals are

molded by both external factors and internal factors; that is factors outside the home and

inside the home. These factors include but not limited to genetics, nutrition, hygiene,

environment, nature and nurture. I believe that as a teacher it is of vital importance to

have a full grasp of the challenges the students face on a daily basis in order to have an

understanding of them. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction”.

Therefore as teacher it is imperative the not only seek to broaden the minds of the

learners’ but to also expose them to real world scenarios.

There are many different theorists that speak about a child’s growth and development, for

example Jean Piaget, Sigmund Freud, Erick Erickson and many more.

Jean Piaget’s view of how children's minds work and develop has been enormously

influential, particularly in educational theory. His particular insight was the role of

maturation (simply growing up) in children's increasing capacity to understand their world:

they cannot undertake certain tasks until they are psychologically mature enough to do

so. He proposed that children's thinking does not develop entirely smoothly: instead,

there are certain points at which it "takes off" and moves into completely new areas and

capabilities. He saw these transitions as taking place at about 18 months, 7 years and 11

or 12 years. This has been taken to mean that before these ages, children are not
capable (no matter how bright) of understanding things in certain ways, and has been

used as the basis for scheduling the school curriculum.

Piaget outlined several principles for building cognitive structures. During all development

stages, the child experiences his or her environment using whatever mental maps he or

she has constructed so far. If the experience is a repeated one.

Learners are the driver; technology is the accelerator.

It is subtle shift, yet significant.

When we talk about our “smartest” kids, do we talk about our students who do the best

academically? If we focus on the “learner”, we realize is that some of our “smartest”

students are not the best at school. If you are an educator and you are reading this,

you might not have done well academically but you could be an amazing teacher.

Grades are not an indicator of intelligence; they are an indicator of ability in certain

areas, that someone else deems important.

Look for the strengths in your students, no matter their abilities in school. When people,

of all ages, feel valued, they are more likely to move forward.