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Design of vessel to ASTM

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You are on page 1of 22

xls

Batu Kitang

90 cum. SURGE VESSEL DESIGN 27/Oct/16 07:21 PM

Fileused C:\MainHD\Jobs\B&C\2016\BtKitang\45cum\[BtKitang45cumCal5.xls]Sheet1

I) DESIGN PARAMETERS

i) Design pressure

2

Design pressure,P = 1.4 N/mm = 14 bar

2

Test pressure = 1.82 N/mm = 14*1.3 UG-99

= 18.2 bar

2

Operating pressure = 1.2 N/mm = 12 bar

ii) Material & construction

Design code : 2013 ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE: Section VIII, Division 1

(Section II, Part D, Table 1A)

2

Use ASTM A516 grade 7 20000 psi = 137.93 N/mm

S, Allowable stress =

2

ASTM A106 grade B carb 17100 psi = 117.93 N/mm

S, Allowable stress =

Fully radiographed butt joints.

From Table UW-12, joint efficiencies E = 100%

2

Young's Modulus E= 200000 N/mm

iii) Dimensions

Concrete lining --------------------- 0 mm = 0 m

Steel Plate thickness ---------------- 19 mm = 0.019 m

Corrosion allowance --------------- 1.5 mm = 0.0015 m

Internal dia. of vessel shell ---------- 2882 mm = 2.88 m

Mean dia. of vessel ----------------- 2901 mm = 2.90 m

Outer dia. of vessel ----------------- 2920 mm = 2.92 m

Internal Radius of vessel ------------ 1441 mm = 1.44 m

Length of vessel ---------------------- 12.90 m

LEGEND of SYMBOLS:

t - Minimum required thickness of shell, mm.

p - Internal design pressure , N/mm2 .

R - Inside radius of the shell, mm

S - Allowable stress, N/mm2 .

E - Joint efficiency, %.

D - Inside diameter of the head skirt, mm.

h - Distance nozzle projects beyond the inner surface of the vessel wall, mm

Page 1 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

LIST of CONSTANTS:

Density of steel - 79 KN/m3

Density of concrete - 24 KN/m3

Young's modulus of steel - 200,000 N/mm2

i) Circumferential Stress

PR

t = -------------

SE - 0.6P

= 1.4*( 2882/2)/(137.93*100%-0.6* 1.4)

= 14.72 mm add 1.5 mm for corrosion allowance

PR

t = -------------

2SE + 0.4P

= 1.4*( 2882/2)/(2*137.93*100%+0.4* 1.4)

= 7.30 mm add 1.5 mm for corrosion allowance

% extreme fiber elongation = 50* 19/ 1441

= 0.66 % < 5%, Heat treatment not necessary

(Ro = infinity for flat plate)

b) Minimum thickness of ellipsoidal ends (Clause UG - 32)

From MANDATORY APPENDICES h

Sect 1-4, Table 1-4.1, for D/2h = 1.81

PDk k = 0.88 D

t = ------------- h= 1441/1.81

2SE - 0.2P = 795

= 1.4* 2882/(2*137.93*100%-0.2* 1.4)*0.88

= 12.85 and add 1.5 mm for corrosion allowance

= 12.85+ 1.5

= 14.35 mm allow 15% for thinning due to forming

therefore min. t =14.35/0.85 = 16.89 mm < 19.0 mm OK

= 0.99 % < 5%, Heat treatment not necessary

Page 2 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

b= 794.76 b= 794.76

A= 2000 A= 2000

L 12900

=

= 13.68 + 0.00

= 13.68 KN/m

= 65.23 KN/m

Total W = +65.23+13.68 = 78.91 KN/m

Surface area of ellipsoidal = 0.313*d2

wt. of ellipsoidal end = 0.313*3.14*2.90^2* .019*79 + 0.313*3.14*(2.882+ 0)^2* 0*24 + 3.14*2.882^3/ 24*10

(steel) (conc.) (water)

= 43.76 KN

= 1105.51 KN = 110551 kg

Total weight of the vessel (when empty) = 13.68*12.90+(0.00+12.42)*2

= 201.31 KN = 20131 kg

= 90.4 cu.m.

L= 12900 mm = 12.9 m

Width of saddle, b1 = 200 mm = 0.2 m

b= 794.76 mm = 0.79 m

A= 2000 mm = 2 m

Total length = 12900 mm = 12.9 m

r/2 = 725.25 mm < 2000 mm (A)

therefore Not stiffened by vessel end

2

Cross-sectional area = 3.14* 2901* 19 = 173161 mm

4

Moment of inertia = 3.14/8* 2901^3* 19 = 1.82E+11 mm

Page 3 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

W1 = 552.75 KN

b= 794.76 mm = 0.79 m

L= 12900.00 mm = 12.90 m

A= 2000 mm = 2.00 m

1+2(r2-b2)/L2 = 1+2*(1.44^2-0.79^2)/12.90^2

= 1.017

1 + 4*b/3L = 1+4*0.79/3/12.90

= 1.082

1 - A/L+(r2-b2)/2AL = 1-2.00/12.90+(1.44^2-0.79^2)/2/2.00/12.90

= 0.873

= 570.41 KNm (M3)

Support M4 = -552.75*2.00*(1-0.873/1.082)

= -213.70 KNm (M4)

at the highest point

pm*r M3

f1 = ------------- - -------------

2t p*r2*t

= 1.4* 1441/2/ 19 - 570.41*1000000/3.14/ 1441^2/ 19

= 53.09 - 4.60

2 2

= 48.49 N/mm < 137.93 N/mm OK

pm*r M3

f2 = ------------- + -------------

2t p*r2*t

= 1.4* 1441/2/ 19 + 570.41*1000000/3.14/ 1441^2/ 19

= 53.09 + 4.60

2 2

= 57.69 N/mm < 137.93 N/mm OK

Page 4 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

The shell is not stiffened proximity of the end.

and saddle angle = 140 degrees from table G.2,BS5500

at the highest point K1= 0.142

2

f3 = pmr/2t - M4/(K1*3.142*r *t) K2= 0.249

= 1.4* 1441/2/ 19 + -213.70*1000000/0.142/3.14/ 1441^2 / 19

= 53.09 - -12.17

2 2

= 65.26 N/mm < 137.93 N/mm OK

f 4= pmr/2t + M4/(K2*3.142*r2*t)

= 1.4* 1441/2/ 19 + -213.70*1000000/0.249/3.14/ 1441^2 / 19

= 53.09 + -6.92

2 2

= 46.17 N/mm < 137.93 N/mm OK

Maximum shear force S1 = 552.75*( 12900-2* 2000)/( 12900+4/ 3*794.76)

= 352.41 KN

and saddle angle = 140 degrees

from table G.3 ,BS5500

K3*S1 K3= 0.905

Shear stress in the shell q = -----------

r*t

= 0.905*352.41*1000/ 1441/ 19

2

= 11.65 N/mm

allowable shear stress = smaller of 0.8S or 0.06Et/r

ie. = 110.34 or 158.22

2 2

= 110.34 N/mm > 11.65 N/mm OK

Page 5 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

W1 = 552.75 KN

Table G.5 , BS5500

At lowest point of the corss section: K5= 0.698

-K5*W1

f5= --------- = -0.698*552.75*1000/ 19/( 200+10*14.72)

tb2

2 2

= -58.52 N/mm < 137.93 N/mm OK

f6 = f61 -f62 Table G.4 , BS5500

f61 = -552.75*1000/4/(14.72)/347.16 K6= 0.03056 for A/r = 1.38

2

= -27.05 N/mm and = 140+6+6

= 152

L/r = 12900/ 1441

= 8.95

= 70.19 or 63.14

2

= 70.19 N/mm , for > 8

f6 = -27.05-70.19

2

= -97.24 N/mm

2 2

Allowable stress = 1.25f 172.41 N/mm > 97.24 N/mm OK

Page 6 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

f6 = f61 -f62 Table G.4 , BS5500

f61 = -552.75*1000/4/(14.72+ 12)/347.16 K6= 0.03807 for A/r = 1.38

2

= -14.90 N/mm and = 140

= 140

L/r = 12900/ 1441

= 8.95

= 32.84 or 29.54

2

= 32.84 N/mm , for > 8

f6 = -14.90-32.84

2

= -47.74 N/mm

2 2

Allowable stress = 1.25f 172.41 N/mm > 47.74 N/mm OK

Material used Grade 43 steel, design to BS449

b1 = 200 Vessel's shell

b1= 200 mm

h = 250 mm t1 = 12 h = 250

t1 = 12 mm t2= 12

t2 = 12 mm

2

Area a= 200* 12+250.00* 12 = 5400 mm

o

= 0.240*552.75 K9 = 0.240 For saddle angle of 140

= 132.85 KN

r/3 = ( 2901/2)/3

= 132.85*1000/ 5400

2 2

= 24.60 N/mm < 91.95 N/mm OK

(2/ 3*137.93)

Page 7 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

Concrete Support

Concrete Support

= 552.75*1000/450/500

2

= 2.46 N/mm < allowable bearing stress of 5 N/mm2

iii) Column

h= 250 mm

b= 200 mm x 250 x

Plate

thickness = 12 mm

2

= 7800 mm

I xx = 12* 250^3/12+ 200* 12^3 /12*2+ 200* 12*( 250/2)^2 *2

4

9.07E+07 mm

Iyy = 250* 12^3 /12+ 12* 200^3 /12 *2

4

1.60E+07 mm

rxx = SQRT(9.07E+07/ 7800)

107.8 mm

ryy = SQRT(1.60E+07/ 7800)

45.3 mm

Height of column l = 2 m

l/ryy = 2*1000/45.3

= 44.109

from table 17a of BS449, allowable compressive stress = 136 N/mm2

= 276.38 KN

2

= 35.43 N/mm < allowable stress of 136 N/mm2

Page 8 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

6mm fillet weld

45

100

250 x 200 I'

500

20 mm thk

M.S. plate

400

Area = 400* 500 = 200,000 mm

2

Assume grade of concrete = 35

Permissible bearing stress = +35.00*0.25

= 8.75 N/mm2

Minimum area required = 276.4*1000/ 8.75

= 31,586 mm OK

2

= 1.38 N/mm OK

2

A= ( 400- 200)/2 = 100 mm

= 11.69 mm < 20 mm, OK

= 1300 mm

Size of weld = 6 mm, strength = 483 N/mm

Strength of weld = 483* 1300/1000

= 627.9 KN > 276.4 KN OK

Since there is no up lifting forces, the hold down bolts are designed for shear due to temperature stress.

2 2

= 25.47 N/mm < 100 N/mm , OK

Page 9 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

c) Temperature stress:

Coefficient of expansion a = 0.000012 /K

o

Assume temperature change of 20 C

Length of vessel between supports = 8.9 m

= .000012*20* 8.9*1000

= 2.136 mm

If the vessel is restrained from lateral movement,

temperature srtress = 200000* .000012*20

2

= 48 N/mm

= 128.02 KN

Assume coefficient of friction = 0.5

2

or stress = 0.37 N/mm very small

Lifting hook:

Check stresses on vessel:

2Cx 2Cx

2C 2C

At Hook:

Distance of hook from end a = 900 mm

Mean dia. of vessel= 2981 mm mean rad. (ro)= 1490.5 mm

Plate thickness = 38 mm

Length of vessel = 12900 mm

Total W = 201.3 KN

Lifting force W= 201/2 = 100.66 KN

[half length of lug] Cx= 200.0 mm )

Length Le ( 12900)-4*( 12900/2- 900)^2/( 12900) = 3348.8 mm

Loaded width/2r = 19.00/(1491*2)= 0.00637

Page 10 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

r/t = 1490.50/38.00 = 39.22 Fig G.1

Clause G.2.2.1.2

2*Cx 2*200.00

i) axial length of load)/length = -------- = ------- = 0.12

L 3349

ii)

circumferential length of loaded area 2*Co 2*19.00

------------ --------------------------------- = -------- = -------- = 0.095

axial length of loaded area 2*Cx 2*200.00

2

r Cx

iii)Non-dimension function= 64*---- * -- = 45.20

t r

From Fig. G.7 Mx/W= 0.09 therefore Mx= 9059.02283 Nmm/mm

From Fig. G.8 N*t/W= -0.126 therefore N= -333.8 N/mm

From Fig. G.9 Nx*t/W= -0.151 therefore Nx= -400.0 N/mm

Nx 6 * Mx

resultant longitudinal stress = ----- +/- - ----------

t t2

2

= 27.12 or -48.17 N/mm

N 6 * M

resultant circumferential stress = ------ +/- - ----------

t t2

2

= 63.99 or -81.56 N/mm

2

Both stresses are less then the allowable stress of 137.93 N/mm

therefore the arrangement is acceptable.

Page 11 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

At Stiffener:

Distance of hook from end a = 900 mm

Mean dia. of vessel= 2981 mm mean rad. (ro)= 1490.5 mm

Plate thickness = 19 mm

Length of vessel = 12900 mm

Total W = 201 KN

Lifting force W= 201/2 = 100.7 KN

C= 300 mm ) Clause G.2.2.1

Cx= 300 mm )

Length Le ( 12900)-4*( 12900/2- 900)^2/( 12900) = 3349 mm

Loaded width/2r = 300.00/(1491*2)= 0.1006374

Within acceptable range of

r/t = 1490.50/19.00 = 78.4 Fig G.1

Clause G.2.2.1.2

2*Cx 2*300.00

i) axial length of load)/length = -------- = ------- = 0.18

L 3349

ii)

circumferential length of loaded area Co 2*300.00

------------ --------------------------------- = -------- = -------- = 1.000

axial length of loaded area Cx 2*300.00

2

r Cx

iii)Non-dimension function= 64*---- * -- = 203.39

t r

From Fig. G.6 M/W= 0.040 therefore M= 3993 Nmm/mm

From Fig. G.7 Mx/W= 0.018 therefore Mx= 1840 Nmm/mm

From Fig. G.8 N*t/W= -0.060 therefore N= -317.9 N/mm

From Fig. G.9 Nx*t/W= -0.093 therefore Nx= -491.5 N/mm

Nx 6 * Mx

resultant longitudinal stress = ----- +/- - ----------

t t2

2

= 4.71 or -56.45 N/mm

N 6 * M

resultant circumferential stress = ------ +/- - ----------

t t2

2

= 49.63 or -83.09 N/mm

2

Both stresses are less then the allowable stress of 137.93 N/mm

therefore the arrangement is acceptable.

Page 12 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

d) BRANCHES

i) DESIGN of BRANCH or OPENINGS (UG - 37)

600mm Manhole:

Rn

tn

d A5

trn

Lp

A2 te

h+te tr

h t

A1 A4 D

larger of d or Rn+tn+t A3

A

INPUT PARAMETERS :

Dia. of shell D = 2882 mm

2

Design pressure P= 1.4 N/mm

Branch dia. d = 600 mm

2

Allowable stress S = 137.93 N/mm

E= 1.00

Actual thickness of shell = 19 mm

Corrosion allowance c = 1.5 mm

therefore t = 19- 1.5 = 17.5 mm

Thickness of shell due to pressure tr = 1.4* 2882/2/(137.93*1.00-0.6* 1.4)

= 14.72 mm

Thickness of branch due to pressure trn = 1.4* 600/2/(137.93*1.00-0.6* 1.4)

= 3.06 mm

Actual thickness of branch provided = 10 mm

tn = 10- 1.5 = 8.5 mm

Leg length of weld for branch = 10 mm

Thickness of reinforcing plate te = 19 mm (external only)

Leg length of weld for reinforcing plate = 10 mm

Area of replacement required A = dtrF + 2tntrF(1-fr1) [fr1=1]

= +600.00*14.72*1.00

2

= 8829.46 mm

d = 600 mm

2(t + tn) = 2*( 17.5+ 8.5)= 52 mm

2

= 1670.54 mm

Page 13 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

or 2*( 8.5-3.06)*(2.5* 8.5+ 19)*1

= 475.68 or 437.63

2

therefore A2 = 437.63 mm

= 43.75 or 68.75

= 43.75 mm

A3 = 0

2

= 0 mm

2

= 200 mm

A4 (A42) = 10^2*1

2

= 100 mm

2

Total A4 = 100+ 200 = 300 mm

= 1200 or 2*(( 600- 1.5*2)/2+ 8.5+ 17.5) = 649

= 1200 mm

Diameter of compensation plate provided = 1229 mm

Width of compensation plate = 291.5 mm wide , 19 mm thick

2

= 11077 mm

= 300+ 0+437.63+1670.54+ 11077

2 2

= 13485.16 mm > 8829 mm OK

Page 14 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

350mm I/O

Rn

tn

d A5

trn

Lp A2 te

h+te tr

h t

A1 A4 D

larger of d or Rn+tn+t A3

INPUT PARAMETERS :

Dia. of shell D = 2882 mm

2

Design pressure P= 1.4 N/mm

Branch dia. d = 350 mm

2

Allowable stress S = 137.93 N/mm

E= 1.00

Actual thickness of shell = 19 mm

Corrosion allowance c = 1.5 mm

therefore t = 19- 1.5 = 17.5 mm

Thickness of shell due to pressure tr = 1.4* 2882/2/(137.93*1.00-0.6* 1.4)

= 14.72 mm

Thickness of branch due to pressure trn = 1.4* 350/2/(137.93*1.00-0.6* 1.4)

= 1.79 mm

Actual thickness of branch provided = 6.3 mm

tn = 6.3- 1.5 = 4.8 mm

Leg length of weld for branch = 6.3 mm

Thickness of reinforcing plate te = 19 mm (external only)

Leg length of weld for reinforcing plate = 6.3 mm

Area of replacement required A = dtrF + 2tntrF(1-fr1) [fr1=1]

= +350.00*14.72*1.00

2

= 5150.52 mm

d = 350 mm

2(t + tn) = 2*( 17.5+ 4.8)= 44.6 mm

2

= 974.48 mm

Page 15 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

or 2*( 4.8-1.79)*(2.5* 4.8+ 19)*1

= 263.63 or 186.80

therefore A2 = MIN(263.63,186.80)*117.93/137.93

2

= 159.71 mm

iii) Area A3 (Area available in nozzle projecting inward)

= 43.75 or 59.5

= 43.75 mm

A3 = 0

2

= 0 mm

2

= 79.38 mm

A4 (A42) = 6.3^2*1

2

= 39.69 mm

2

Total A4 = 39.69+ 79.38 = 119.07 mm

= 700 or 2*(( 350- 1.5*2)/2+ 4.8 391.6

= 700 mm

Diameter of compensation plate provided = 725.6 mm

Width of compensation plate = 171.5 mm wide , 19 mm thick

2

= 6467.6 mm

= 119.07+ 0+159.71+974.48+ 6467.6

2 2

= 7720.86 mm > 5150.52 mm OK

Page 16 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

80mm Pressure relief

Rn

tn

d A5

trn

Lp A2 te

h+te tr

h t

A1 A4 D

larger of d or Rn+tn+t A3

INPUT PARAMETERS :

Dia. of shell D = 2882 mm

2

Design pressure P= 1.4 N/mm

Branch dia. d = 80 mm

2

Allowable stress S = 137.93 N/mm

E= 1.00

Actual thickness of shell = 19 mm

Corrosion allowance c = 1.5 mm

therefore t = 19- 1.5 = 17.5 mm

Thickness of shell due to pressure tr = 1.4* 2882/2/(137.93*1.00-0.6* 1.4)

= 14.72 mm

Thickness of branch due to pressure trn = 1.4* 80/2/(137.93*1.00-0.6* 1.4)

= 0.41 mm

Actual thickness of branch provided = 3.5 mm

tn = 3.5- 1.5 = 2 mm

Leg length of weld for branch = 3.5 mm

Thickness of reinforcing plate te = 19 mm (external only)

Leg length of weld for reinforcing plate = 3.5 mm

Area of replacement required A = dtrF + 2tntrF(1-fr1) [fr1=1]

= +80.00*14.72*1.00

2

= 1177.26 mm

d = 80 mm

2(t + tn) = 2*( 17.5+ 2)= 39 mm

Page 17 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

2

= 222.74 mm

or 2*( 2-0.41)*(2.5* 2+ 19)*1

= 139.26 or 76.39

therefore A2 = MIN(139.26,76.39)*117.93/137.93

2

= 65.32 mm

iii) Area A3 (Area available in nozzle projecting inward)

= 43.75 or 52.5

= 43.75 mm

A3 = 0

2

= 0 mm

2

= 24.5 mm

A4 (A42) = 3.5^2*1

2

= 12.25 mm

2

Total A4 = 12.25+ 24.5 = 36.75 mm

= 160 or 2*(( 80- 1.5*2)/2+ 2+ 17116

= 160 mm

Diameter of compensation plate provided = 201 mm

Width of compensation plate = 57 mm wide , 19 mm thick

2

= 1444 mm

= 36.75+ 0+65.32+222.74+ 1444

2 2

= 1768.80 mm > 1177.26 mm OK

Page 18 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

50mm Air Inlet

d A5

trn

Lp

A2 te

h+te tr

h t

A1 A4 D

larger of d or Rn+tn+t A3

INPUT PARAMETERS :

Dia. of shell D = 2882 mm

2

Design pressure P= 1.4 N/mm

Branch dia. d = 50 mm

2

Allowable stress S = 137.93 N/mm

E= 1.00

Actual thickness of shell = 19 mm

Corrosion allowance c = 1.5 mm

therefore t = 19- 1.5 = 17.5 mm

Thickness of shell due to pressure tr = 1.4* 2882/2/(137.93*1.00-0.6* 1.4)

= 14.72 mm

Thickness of branch due to pressure trn = 1.4* 50/2/(137.93*1.00-0.6* 1.4)

= 0.26 mm

Actual thickness of branch provided = 2.77 mm

tn = 2.77- 1.5 = 1.27 mm

Leg length of weld for branch = 3 mm

Thickness of reinforcing plate te = 19 mm (external only)

Leg length of weld for reinforcing plate = 3 mm

Area of replacement required A = dtrF + 2tntrF(1-fr1) [fr1=1]

= +50.00*14.72*1.00

2

= 735.79 mm

d = 50 mm

2(t + tn) = 2*( 17.5+ 1.27)= 37.54 mm

Page 19 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

2

= 139.21 mm

or 2*( 1.27-0.26)*(2.5* 1.27+ 19)*1

= 88.79 or 45.00

therefore A2 = MIN(88.79,45.00)*117.93/137.93

2

= 38.48 mm

iii) Area A3 (Area available in nozzle projecting inward)

= 43.75 or 50.675

= 43.75 mm

A3 = 0

2

= 0 mm

2

= 18 mm

A4 (A42) = 3^2*1

2

= 9 mm

2

Total A4 = 9+ 18 = 27 mm

= 100 or 2*(( 50- 1.5*2)/2+ 1.27+ 17.5) = 84.54

= 100 mm

Diameter of compensation plate provided = 141.34 mm

Width of compensation plate = 42.9 mm wide , 19 mm thick

2

= 901.74 mm

= 27+ 0+38.48+139.21+ 901.74

2 2

= 1106.43 mm > 735.79 mm OK

Page 20 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

25mm Sight Glass

Rn

tn

d A5

trn

Lp

A2 te

h+te tr

h t

A1 A4 D

larger of d or Rn+tn+t A3

INPUT PARAMETERS :

Dia. of shell D = 2882 mm

2

Design pressure P= 1.4 N/mm

Branch dia. d = 25 mm

2

Allowable stress S = 137.93 N/mm

E= 1.00

Actual thickness of shell = 19 mm

Corrosion allowance c = 1.5 mm

therefore t = 19- 1.5 = 17.5 mm

Thickness of shell due to pressure tr = 1.4* 2882/2/(137.93*1.00-0.6* 1.4)

= 14.72 mm

Thickness of branch due to pressure trn = 1.4* 25/2/(137.93*1.00-0.6* 1.4)

= 0.13 mm

Actual thickness of branch provided = 2.77 mm

tn = 2.77- 1.5 = 1.27 mm

Leg length of weld for branch = 3 mm

Thickness of reinforcing plate te = 16 mm (external only)

Leg length of weld for reinforcing plate = 3 mm

Area of replacement required A = dtrF + 2tntrF(1-fr1) [fr1=1]

= +25.00*14.72*1.00

2

= 367.89 mm

d = 25 mm

2(t + tn) = 2*( 17.5+ 1.27)= 37.54 mm

Page 21 of 22

BtKitangN90cumCal4.xls

2

= 104.52 mm

or 2*( 1.27-0.13)*(2.5* 1.27+ 16)*1

= 99.96 or 43.81

therefore A2 = MIN(99.96,43.81)*117.93/137.93

2

= 37.46 mm

iii) Area A3 (Area available in nozzle projecting inward)

= 43.75 or 43.175

= 43.175 mm

2

= -19.8605 mm

2

= 18 mm

A4 (A42) = 3^2*1

2

= 9 mm

2

Total A4 = 9+ 18 = 27 mm

= 50 or 2*(( 25- 1.5*2)/2+ 1.27+ 17.5) = 59.54

= 59.54 mm

Diameter of compensation plate provided = 101.34 mm

Say provide compensation plate of 35.4 mm wide , 16 mm thick

2

= 512 mm

= 27+-19.8605+37.46+104.52+ 512

2 2

= 661.12 mm > 367.89 mm OK

Page 22 of 22

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