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Michaela St.

John
2/12/18
Mrs. Burnett
1 Period

Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources

1. “What are we to do with this heavy Debt?” -George Washington

Mason, Lorna C., et al. History of the United States. Beginnings to 1877. Vol. 1, McDougal

Littell, 1997.

This is a quote from a textbook at my school. It is what George Washington said in the

1700’s. I used this source as evidence and one of my primary sources.

2. “They pay their contribution to a war, and take a minister’s word that it is just and

necessary. Better part with a little money patiently, since part with it we must, say they, than by

daring to investigate the causes or conduct of public measures, risk a prison or a gibbet.” -

Vicesimus Knox 1795

Knox, Vicesimus. "Knox on how the people during wartime are cowered into

submission and pay their taxes “without a murmur” (1795)." Online

Library of Liberty A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty

and free markets., Liberty Fund Inc., 18 Jan. 2011, oll.libertyfund.org/

quotes/305. Accessed 29 Nov. 2017. This source was used for the quote it

had. It is a website with original excerpts from Vicesimus Knox and the quote, along with

explanations and reasoning to them. This quote is a primary source.


Michaela St.John
2/12/18
Mrs. Burnett
1 Period

3. “Under the auspices of tyranny the life of the subject is often sported with, and the

fruits of his daily toil are consumed in oppressive taxes, that serve to gratify the ambition,

avarice, and lusts of his superiors. Every court minion riots in the spoils of the honest laborer,

and despises the hand by which he is fed. The page of history is replete with instances that loudly

warn us to beware of slavery.”

Hamilton, Alexander. "Alexander Hamilton denounces the British for imposing

“oppressive taxes” on the colonists which amount to tyranny, a form

of slavery, and vassalage to the Empire (1774)." Online Library of Liberty

A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets.,

Liberty Fund Inc., 28 July 2008, oll.libertyfund.org/quotes/172.

This source is a primary source and I used it to understand how people of the age

understood and felt about the events happening at the time. This quote is Alexander Hamilton’s

writing about his protest and thoughts about the events in his life at the time.

4. “In France there are both stamp–duties and duties upon registration. The former are

considered as a branch of the aides or excise, and in the provinces where those duties take place,

are levied by the excise officers. The latter are considered as a branch of the domain of the

crown, and are levied by a different set of officers. Those modes of taxation, by stamp–duties

and by duties upon registration, are of very modern invention. In the course of little more than a

century, however, stamp–duties have, in Europe, become almost universal, and duties upon

registration extremely common. There is no art which one government sooner learns of another

than that of draining money from the pockets of the people.” - Adam Smith 1776
Michaela St.John
2/12/18
Mrs. Burnett
1 Period

Smith, Adam. "Adam Smith on how governments learn from each other the best

way of draining money from the pockets of the people (1776)." Online Library of

Liberty A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free

markets., Liberty Fund Inc., 14 Nov. 2011, oll.libertyfund.org/quotes/

344. Accessed 30 Nov. 2017.

This source is primary and was used for the primary quote in it. It was used to

help understand and make my paper better by fixing points of view. This source is a

website containing a quote by Adam Smith that led up to the compromise.

5. “Another effect of public instability, is the unreasonable advantage it gives to the

sagacious, the enterprising, and the monied few, over the industrious and uninformed mass of the

people. Every new regulation concerning commerce or revenue, or in any manner affecting the

value of the different species of property, presents a new harvest to those who watch the change,

and can trace its consequences; a harvest, reared not by themselves, but by the toils and cares of

the great body of their fellow citizens. This is a state of things in which it may be said, with some

truth, that laws are made for the few, not for the many.” - James Madison 1787

Madison, James. "James Madison on the “sagacious and monied few” who are

able to “harvest” the benefits of government regulations (1787)."

Online Library of Liberty A collection of scholarly works about

individual liberty and free markets., Liberty Fund Inc., James Madison on

the “sagacious and monied few” who are able to “harvest” the

benefits of government regulations (1787). Accessed 30 Nov. 2017.


Michaela St.John
2/12/18
Mrs. Burnett
1 Period

This source is a website featuring a quote from James Madison, in which he is giving his

thoughts of what is happening in hi time. I used this website because it held a primary source,

which was the quote above. I used it to give me a deeper understanding of the event.

Secondary Sources

6. Kratz, Jessie . “The Compromise of 1790.” National Archives and Records

Administration, National Archives and Records Administration, 21 May 2015,

prologue.blogs.archives.gov/2015/05/31/the-compromise-of-1790/.

This site is an archive of the government that holds numerous facts and examples from

the Dinner Party Compromise of 1790. I used this source to obtain the quotes I was using a to

maintain most of the facts for my introduction. I also used it as almost a backbone for the

information of my essay.

7. Birth of The Nation: First federal Congress: 1789-1791. “The Compromise of 1790.” First

Federal Congress: The Compromise of 1790, Birth of The Nation: First Federal Congress: 1789-

1791, www2.gwu.edu/~ffcp/exhibit/p14/.

This site is the home of a primary source which is an image of Henry Lee’s letter to

James Madison. I used this site for that specific image and a s a primary source.
Michaela St.John
2/12/18
Mrs. Burnett
1 Period

8. Kuehl, John W. “Justice, Republican Energy, and the Search for Middle Ground:

James Madison and the Assumption of State Debts.” The Virginia Magazine of History and

Biography, vol. 103, no. 3, 1 July 1995, pp. 321–338. JSTOR, JSTOR,

doi:4249521?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.

This secondary source is a online database with research done by professionals and is

used by high school scholars. I used this database to research and find quotes to back up my

thesis.

9. O. Picus, Lawrence, et al. “An Independent Review of Maine’s Essential Programs and

Services Funding Act: Part 2.” An Independent Review of Maine’s Essential Programs and

Services Funding Act: Part 2, vol. 2, no. 2, 1 Dec. 2013, pp. 1–227. An Independent Review of

Maine’s Essential Programs and Services Funding Act, mainecla.org/wp-

content/uploads/2014/02/EPSfundingPart-2FinalReport.pdf.

This site is a database in which research has been done by professionals and has been

published into a physical book, and has also been used by scholars in the US. I used this database

to provide quotes and be a place I can research on my topic.

Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources

1. “What are we to do with this heavy Debt?” -George Washington

Mason, Lorna C., et al. History of the United States. Beginnings to 1877. Vol. 1, McDougal

Littell, 1997.
Michaela St.John
2/12/18
Mrs. Burnett
1 Period

This is a quote from a textbook at my school. It is what George Washington said in the

1700’s. I used this source as evidence and one of my primary sources.

2. “They pay their contribution to a war, and take a minister’s word that it is just and

necessary. Better part with a little money patiently, since part with it we must, say they, than by

daring to investigate the causes or conduct of public measures, risk a prison or a gibbet.” -

Vicesimus Knox 1795

Knox, Vicesimus. "Knox on how the people during wartime are cowered into

submission and pay their taxes “without a murmur” (1795)." Online

Library of Liberty A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty

and free markets., Liberty Fund Inc., 18 Jan. 2011, oll.libertyfund.org/

quotes/305. Accessed 29 Nov. 2017. This source was used for the quote it

had. It is a website with original excerpts from Vicesimus Knox and the quote, along with

explanations and reasoning to them. This quote is a primary source.

3. “Under the auspices of tyranny the life of the subject is often sported with, and the

fruits of his daily toil are consumed in oppressive taxes, that serve to gratify the ambition,

avarice, and lusts of his superiors. Every court minion riots in the spoils of the honest laborer,

and despises the hand by which he is fed. The page of history is replete with instances that loudly

warn us to beware of slavery.”

Hamilton, Alexander. "Alexander Hamilton denounces the British for imposing


Michaela St.John
2/12/18
Mrs. Burnett
1 Period

“oppressive taxes” on the colonists which amount to tyranny, a form

of slavery, and vassalage to the Empire (1774)." Online Library of Liberty

A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets.,

Liberty Fund Inc., 28 July 2008, oll.libertyfund.org/quotes/172.

This source is a primary source and I used it to understand how people of the age

understood and felt about the events happening at the time. This quote is Alexander Hamilton’s

writing about his protest and thoughts about the events in his life at the time.

4. “In France there are both stamp–duties and duties upon registration. The former are

considered as a branch of the aides or excise, and in the provinces where those duties take place,

are levied by the excise officers. The latter are considered as a branch of the domain of the

crown, and are levied by a different set of officers. Those modes of taxation, by stamp–duties

and by duties upon registration, are of very modern invention. In the course of little more than a

century, however, stamp–duties have, in Europe, become almost universal, and duties upon

registration extremely common. There is no art which one government sooner learns of another

than that of draining money from the pockets of the people.” - Adam Smith 1776

Smith, Adam. "Adam Smith on how governments learn from each other the best

way of draining money from the pockets of the people (1776)." Online Library of

Liberty A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free

markets., Liberty Fund Inc., 14 Nov. 2011, oll.libertyfund.org/quotes/

344. Accessed 30 Nov. 2017.


Michaela St.John
2/12/18
Mrs. Burnett
1 Period

This source is primary and was used for the primary quote in it. It was used to

help understand and make my paper better by fixing points of view. This source is a

website containing a quote by Adam Smith that led up to the compromise.

5. “Another effect of public instability, is the unreasonable advantage it gives to the

sagacious, the enterprising, and the monied few, over the industrious and uninformed mass of the

people. Every new regulation concerning commerce or revenue, or in any manner affecting the

value of the different species of property, presents a new harvest to those who watch the change,

and can trace its consequences; a harvest, reared not by themselves, but by the toils and cares of

the great body of their fellow citizens. This is a state of things in which it may be said, with some

truth, that laws are made for the few, not for the many.” - James Madison 1787

Madison, James. "James Madison on the “sagacious and monied few” who are

able to “harvest” the benefits of government regulations (1787)."

Online Library of Liberty A collection of scholarly works about

individual liberty and free markets., Liberty Fund Inc., James Madison on

the “sagacious and monied few” who are able to “harvest” the

benefits of government regulations (1787). Accessed 30 Nov. 2017.

This source is a website featuring a quote from James Madison, in which he is giving his

thoughts of what is happening in hi time. I used this website because it held a primary source,

which was the quote above. I used it to give me a deeper understanding of the event.

Secondary Sources
Michaela St.John
2/12/18
Mrs. Burnett
1 Period

6. Kratz, Jessie . “The Compromise of 1790.” National Archives and Records

Administration, National Archives and Records Administration, 21 May 2015,

prologue.blogs.archives.gov/2015/05/31/the-compromise-of-1790/.

This site is an archive of the government that holds numerous facts and examples from

the Dinner Party Compromise of 1790. I used this source to obtain the quotes I was using a to

maintain most of the facts for my introduction. I also used it as almost a backbone for the

information of my essay.

7. Birth of The Nation: First federal Congress: 1789-1791. “The Compromise of 1790.” First

Federal Congress: The Compromise of 1790, Birth of The Nation: First Federal Congress: 1789-

1791, www2.gwu.edu/~ffcp/exhibit/p14/.

This site is the home of a primary source which is an image of Henry Lee’s letter to

James Madison. I used this site for that specific image and a s a primary source.

8. Kuehl, John W. “Justice, Republican Energy, and the Search for Middle Ground:

James Madison and the Assumption of State Debts.” The Virginia Magazine of History and

Biography, vol. 103, no. 3, 1 July 1995, pp. 321–338. JSTOR, JSTOR,

doi:4249521?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.
Michaela St.John
2/12/18
Mrs. Burnett
1 Period

This secondary source is a online database with research done by professionals and is

used by high school scholars. I used this database to research and find quotes to back up my

thesis.

9. O. Picus, Lawrence, et al. “An Independent Review of Maine’s Essential Programs and

Services Funding Act: Part 2.” An Independent Review of Maine’s Essential Programs and

Services Funding Act: Part 2, vol. 2, no. 2, 1 Dec. 2013, pp. 1–227. An Independent Review of

Maine’s Essential Programs and Services Funding Act, mainecla.org/wp-

content/uploads/2014/02/EPSfundingPart-2FinalReport.pdf.

This site is a database in which research has been done by professionals and has been

published into a physical book, and has also been used by scholars in the US. I used this database

to provide quotes and be a place I can research on my topic.