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CHAPTER I

PRELIMINARY

  • A. BACKGROUND

Diesel engines are the most important part of a ship as a driving force or as a propulsion ship. To support the smooth operation of a diesel engine requires a good fuel system, outside of the other supporting components. Auxiliary aircraft that play a role to get good fuel in the operation of Mother Machine is F.O. Purifier, this plane serves to separate fuel from dirt and water. F.O. Purifier is very influential on the smooth operation of the ship so that F.O Purifier treatment is needed to produce clean fuel from the dirt and water. Before using fuel, fuel must first undergo various processes such as settling on settling tanks and heating by a heater intended for the Master Machine to allow fuel into the injector to be clean and avoid blockage in the injector holes. In order for the Master Machine to operate normally, the Engineers and the ship's crew shall conduct operations and checks on F.O. Purifier to see the quality of fuel cleared by F.O. Purifier. Some problems that often occur among the authors often find the exhaust gas from the dark black parent machine caused by the lack of perfect ignition of fuel by the injector resulting from clogged holes in the nozzle by dirt, then the author tries to do the drain of HFO service tank on the boat found a lot of water coming out of the valve drain. The author also often find the quality of fuel received from bunker barge is not good, this is evident when the alarm occurred many times on F.O. Feed Pump Strainer. When the examination was found that the conditions of the holes in the strainer were clogged by the amount of dirt carried by the fuel to be transferred to F.O. Purifier. Each vessel has a maintenance and operating management of a different F.O Purifier system although it basically has something in common. But basically all the maintenance activities done to provide protection on the machine so as not easily damaged. In addition, good maintenance can also provide long-lasting power on the parent machine while operating, for both long-distance and short range shipping. From the description that has been stated above, the authors feel interested to conduct research with the title, namely:

"F.O. PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZATION PURIFIER TO SUPPORT OPERATION OF MACHINERY MACHINERY IN SHIP MV.TANTO TOGETHER "

  • B. IDENTIFICATION OF PROBLEMS

Treatment of F.O. Purifier requires the ability and accuracy in analyzing, the factors that can be the

cause of damage F.O. The Purifier and how to treat F.O. Purifier correctly in accordance with the planned maintenance schedule written in the F.O. manual. Purifier (instruction manual book) so that F.O. Purifier can work well as expected. Based on the above description, then the problem in making thesis is:

  • 1. Inadequate fuel purification results from F.O. Purifier

  • 2. Strainer on F.O Feed Pump Purifier dirty.

  • 3. Improper selection of gravity discs.

  • 4. Lack of maintenance on the electro motor part F.O. Purifier.

  • C. LIMITATION OF PROBLEMS

Given the many problems concerning the operation of F.O. Purifiers, as identified from the background, are associated with the limitations of the author, both in terms of time and of very limited knowledge. So the authors limit the issues to be discussed in this thesis is as follows:

  • 1. Inadequate fuel purification results from F.O. Purifier

  • 2. Strainer on F.O Feed Pump Purifier dirty.

With the limitation of the problem is used so that the discussion becomes more easily understood and understood.

  • D. PROBLEM PROBLEMS

As per the author's experience during the practice of the sea (Prala) on board the MV. Pan Energen

and the background of the problems that have been described in the previous discussion, the authors determine that the formulation of this problem is focused on the subject matter, namely:

  • 1. What causes fuel purification results from F.O. Purifier less perfect?

  • 2. Why is the Strainer on F.O Feed Pump Purifier dirty?

    • E. PURPOSE AND BENEFITS OF THE PREPARATION OF THRIPSY

      • 1. The purpose of thesis preparation

        • a. Analyze how far the treatment is done on F.O. Purifier that raises various problems in F.O. Purifier.

        • b. In order for jobs and duties that exist on the ship in carrying out maintenance and repair activities

Purifier can obtain good results and maximum.

  • 2. Benefits of thesis preparation

    • a. It is hoped that the existing researches are not langs

CHAPTER II THEORETICAL BASIS

  • A. LITERATURE REVIEW

    • 1. Understanding Optimization

According to Big Indonesian Dictionary, the optimal is (ter) good; highest; most profitable. While optimization according to Big Indonesian Dictionary means to make the best or make the highest. (Big Indonesian Dictionary, Language Center, Fourth Edition, Ministry of National Education). According to Indonesian Dictionary, W.J.S. poerdwadarminta (1997: 753) dikemukakna that:

"Optimalization is the result achieved in accordance with the wishes, so optimization is the achievement of expected results in an effective and efficient". Optimalization is also interpreted as a measure where all needs can be met from the activities undertaken. According Winardi (1999: 363) Optimaslisai is a measure that causes the achievement of goals whereas if viewed from the point of business, Optimization is the effort to maximize activities so as to realize the desired or desired profit. From several notions of optimization according to various sources, the authors conclude that the optimization is an attempt to improve something effectively and efficiently to obtain the desired profit so that the realization of a goal.

According to Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, treatment comes from the word care which means maintaining, care or guard. Therefore the treatment means the process, the way, the act of caring / maintenance / organizing / defense. (Big Indonesian Dictionary, Language Center, Fourth Edition, Ministry of National Education). However, the treatment referred to by the authors in this study is not a treatment performed on a person but rather the care done on a device or machine, which aims to ensure the continuity of the role of a machine, so that when needed can be used in accordance with the expected conditions. As the authors discussed in this research is the treatment of purifier. a. NSOS Care and Repair Management. Based on the treatment strategy, (NSOS, 1983: 15) explains that the treatment is divided into several kinds including:

1) Incidental care of planned care The primary choice for determining a treatment strategy is between "insured care" and "planning care". Insurance care means we let the machine work until it breaks. In general this mode of operation is very expensive. Therefore some form of planning system is applied by using a planned care system, in order to minimize the damage and workload of a necessary maintenance work.

2) Preventive maintenance of repair maintenance With preventive care we try to prevent damage or increase damage, or to find damage. This means that we must use certain methods to track progress. The difference between the prevention and incidental care forms described above is that we have made a conscious choice by allowing for the deterioration or detection of damage based on frequent cost evaluations as well as the problems found.

Chart 2.1 Treatment Order (NSOS 1989: 16) In the treatment strategy there are two kinds of treatments, namely planning and incidental care. In this case the need for the application of planning system or PMS (Planned Maintenance System) with the lack of spare parts procurement (spare part). PMS (Planned Maintennance system) consists of several elements that are related to each other, so that machining can be monitored and damage can be minimized. The elements in question are the work plan, control, data information and implementation instructions. While the planning system

aims to do the preparation of ship work plans. This system will make the treatment continuous,

aims to do the preparation of ship work plans. This system will make the treatment continuous, so if there is a change of machinist responsible for a machining, the replacement engineer may undertake maintenance programs already undertaken by the previous machinist.

b. Treatment is reviewed in terms of management The development of a shipping company is highly dependent on the smooth operation and operation of its vessels. One of the objectives of a shipping company is to make a profit of magnitude, the company's profits will increase as revenues increase and vessel operating costs can be minimized. Likewise to be done on this purifier so that the fuel installation system on the main motor is not disturbed due to fuel mixed with dirt and water so that it can disrupt the smooth operation of the ship which will ultimately harm the company then the purifier should be treated properly and plan in accordance with management methods Luckily its a loss

shipping companies are heavily influenced on the maintenance of these vessels whereas maintenance in terms of management include: 1. Planning (planning) 2. Organizing (organizing) 3. Actuating (implementation) 4. Controlling The tasks and management of care can be described as follows: 1) Planning Before commencing a maintenance management in this case the maintenance of the purifier is first made a plan in accordance with the manual given by the manufacturer.2 ) Organizing (organizing) Organizing is a division of tasks that will be implemented that is related to the care that has been prepared so that the plan can be performed properly and regularly.3) Actuating After the treatment plan has been organized or arranged properly, then the person in charge maintenance purifier in this case Designated machinists may carry out the organizing of such treatment plans, including replacement of worn-out, torn and damaged parts.4) Controlling (supervision) This supervision is essential to care in terms of management, since supervision can be seen in the resources manus he is qualified and loyal to the company. Because of this supervision not only to find fault but also to find errors in the execution of the task so that it can be repaired for the smooth task in the future. C. Evaluate and Check the Results of Care: 1) During the work the quality of the work is always checked to avoid repetition of work.2) In the event of any irregularities or problems must discuss with the engineer or an authorized expert in accordance with applicable procedures.3) All events of care and repair carefully recorded in the relevant machine maintenance book and an estimated next maintenance schedule. (NSOS, Maintenance and Repair Management:

15-18). 3. Definition of Purifier According to D A Taylor in his book entitled Introduction to Marine Engineering, a purifier is a centrifugal separator used to separate two liquids, eg oil and water, or liquid with impurities contained in oil. This separation is done by a continuous centrifugal cycle. (Introduction to Marine Engineering, D. Taylor, 1996, page 153).

15-18). 3. Definition of Purifier According to D A Taylor in his book entitled Introduction to

Thus, it can be interpreted that a purifier is a device that serves as a separator between oil and dirt where as a result of centrifugal force there is a large liquid type of weight will be thrown away from the interface, while the light weight of the light type will remain in the disc area. On the ship, the purifier serves to clean the fuel from liquid or solid soil (sludge) so that the damage to the engine due to the use of unclean fuel can be reduced. Purifier definition based on "Nurdin Harahap MPU", Separator (separator) is a tool that serves to separating liquids such as separating oil with water or separating oil by mud or dirt. This separator is used for fuel installation or lubricant installation on board. Because of the possibility of fuel or lubricating oil mixed (contamination) with water or mud or dirt. Once separated from the impurities, the fuel can be used for fuel installation on MFO heavy fuel using a separator.4 purifier. Working Principles Purifier Describes the oil / water separator part how liquid with different gravity can be separated by gravity. The process is expressed mathematically. Obviously in the acceleration can not be changed to increase the power of the separator, but by running the operation for the above centrifugal force can be replaced with the rotation speed, the rotation of the FO purifier is by centrifugal system, where the weighted point of the mixture on the fuel will be separated by clean fuel , then will proceed to the fuel heating process because the viscosity of the fuel will affect the operation of the parent machine. The separation force on the water or the part of the dirt will be enlarged by the same factor and also because of a certain construction, the separation time will be shortened, a large amount of oil will be cleaned with

relatively small temperature and can clean the smaller part again. The aircraft consists of a high- speed rotating thromol which is loaded centrally with dirty oil after first being filled with water. The analogy with the endap tank has been discussed, in the form of a split between oil and water with the diameter of the plane determined by the difference of the oil and water concentrations, and the diameter of the outlet hole shall be selected smaller. In practice this is accomplished by the installation of what is said with the density cicin