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Student Centered & common Core 9 Chinese Dynasties Reading Stations with Activity Options & Common Core
Student
Centered
& common
Core
9 Chinese Dynasties
Reading Stations with
Activity Options & Common Core
Questions
Student Centered & common Core Includes: 9 Reading Stations, Printable Common Core, Questions, Station Signs &
Student
Centered
& common
Core
Includes: 9 Reading Stations,
Printable Common Core,
Questions, Station Signs &
Teacher Instructions
Student Centered & common Core Includes: 9 Reading Stations, Printable Common Core, Questions, Station Signs &
Student
Centered
& common
Core
Includes: 9 Reading Stations,
Printable Common Core,
Questions, Station Signs &
Teacher Instructions

Medieval China Stations Teacher Notes

This activity is designed for students to investigate different aspects of Medieval Chinese Dynasties—Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan and Ming —by reading and extracting important information. Students answer questions on the bottom of each station reading on their own paper. Consider instructing the students to write the name of the station at the top of each question set for quick reference.

Some ideas for setting up stations or alternative reading activities:

  • 1. Stations Option - Arrange desks into nine stations. Place resources on each

station (you

may want to make enough copies, so each student has a page). Students read and

answer questions in groups at the rate of about six minutes per station.

Students

switch stations after six minutes. It helps to pre-determine the order of station progression, so there is an even amount of students at each station, and so there is less confusion when students are told to switch stations. Consider if skipping ahead is acceptable (I often do not allow it, so it is less competitive to finish).

  • 2. Task Card Option - Copy several copies of each station and place the resources at a central spot in your room. Students use resources one at a time as needed until all stations have been completed.

  • 3. Jigsaw Groups of Four Option - Assign each group member a reading. Students read his/ her assigned reading and share with his/her group. Students answer questions together.

  • 4. The Medieval China two page notes graphic organizer that comes with the bundle can also be used during this activity for a fill in the blank option.

  • 5. On the last few pages of this bundle, a foldable option was added for a more creative, yet Common Core twist (see explanation there).

Sui Dynasty 589-618 C.E.

Key concepts you will learn about at this station:

Leadership/Government - How a civilization creates an organized way of leadership. Achievements - The lasting contributions of a civilization. Decline - How each kingdom lost strength and regional influence.

Reunification of china

Sui Dynasty 589-618 C.E. Key concepts you will learn about at this station: Leadership/Government - How

The last ancient Chinese civilization, the Han Dynasty, collapsed in 220 C.E. due to a breakdown of bureaucracy, their highly organized government system with multiple levels of appointed officials. Corruption and disloyalty, as well as unrest of the heavily taxed farming class broke all of China into multiple dynasties ruled by military leaders. During this 369 years of disunion, or time of disorder when China wasnt unified, clans were competing for resources.

Emperor Yang Jian of the Sui Dynasty
Emperor Yang Jian of the Sui Dynasty

Chinese culture blended with the nomadic clans who settled in the north and Asian cultures to the south. Styles of dress, art, and music were all affected.

Despite these adaptations, one northern Chinese leader wanted to reunify the Chinese people. In 589, Yang Jian conquered Southern China and set up a centralized (ruled from one location) government. Thus, began the Sui (pronounced SWAY) Dynasty.

One of the Sui Dynastys greatest achievements was the planning and initial construction of the Grand Canal. This waterway would eventually

connect northern and southern China and improve trade and allow southern grown agricultural goods to be transported to the north.

Under this new leader, taxes were kept high for lower classes and this again created social problems. After only 29 years of control, the Sui Dynasty was overthrown by an ambitious government official and a new dynasty began.

  • 1. List three (3) ways the disunion affected the Chinese culture.

  • 2. Why is the Grand Canal considered one of the Sui Dynastys greatest achievements?

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Grand Canal of the Sui and Yang Dynasties
Grand Canal of the Sui and Yang Dynasties

Tang Dynasty 618-907

Key concepts you will learn about at this station:

Leadership/Government- How a civilization creates an organized way of leadership. Decline - How each kingdom lost strength and regional influence.

Continuing work of an earlier dynasty

Sui dynasty military general Li Yuan lead the rebellion that eventually lead

to the Sui downfall. He seized power in 618 and started the new Tang Dynasty. The Tang dynasty lasted almost 300 years, and this period of time is sometimes alluded to as Chinas Golden Age by historians. The Tang Dynasty continued the work of the previous dynasty in many ways.

They expanded the reach of the Grand Canal, conquered Northeast and

Southwest Asian lands, and kept the centralized (ruled in one area) government style.

In dynasties before the Tang, bureaucracy (government appointments) had been faulty. The Tang attempted to rectify this by opening up the Civil Service Exam to all people in all classes. Despite their good intentions, only

In Yellow: The Expanded Tang Dynasty.
In Yellow: The Expanded Tang Dynasty.

the wealthy could afford the time to study and books to pass these rigorous tests and become scholar officials, that is a government official who earned their right to hold their position by these exams.

Spring Outing of the Tang Court, by Zhang Xuan
Spring Outing of the Tang Court, by Zhang Xuan

Great Tang Leaders and their influence

In addition to Li Yuan, several other prominent leaders of the Tang Dynasty added to the Medieval Chinese culture. Taizong is remembered for many government programs, including military funding, as well as a code of laws and land reform. Another Tang leader leaned more toward the arts. Xuanzong helped to build Tang Dynasty Era culture, and during his rule many of the great Chinese poets wrote their craft. The only female ruler of China in Medieval history also

claimed part of the Tang Dynasty. Empress Wu is noted for vicious and intelligent decisions to quell (stop) rebellion as head of her country.

Similar Government, Similar Fall

Just as the Tang mimicked the Sui Dynastys style of government, the Golden Age of China had a similar destruction. Lower class rebellion and military leaders hungry for power toppled the dynasty. Chaos and divided kingdoms reclaimed China. This short 53-year period is sometimes called the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms.

  • 1. Support with Evidence from the Text: Support the following sentence with evidence in the form of a direct quote from the text: The Tang Dynasty continued the work of the one before it in many ways. Make sure to place the sentence chosen in quotes when you write it down.

  • 2. How did wealth limit the lower class from becoming scholar officials of the Tang government?

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Song Dynasty 960-1279

Part 1 of 2 Stations

Key concepts you will learn about at this station:

Leadership/Government - How a civilization creates an organized way of leadership. Social Classes – How a civilization is divided into classes that have different roles, responsibilities, and privileges.

Religion-A belief system that influences the development of a civilization.

Near Perfection of Civil Service process

The Song Dynasty greatly improved the difficult tests called Civil Service Exams given to gain the status of scholar official during earlier dynasties. Not only did they allow anyone in society to take it, but they also

took precautions against cheating by making the hopefuls take the test from inside a small room. The exam

guaranteed that men of the highest moral fabric as well as versed in the Confucius ideas being embraced by

Scholar-Official
Scholar-Official

Chinese government ended up in power. Only a handful of the exam- takers succeeded, but they had plenty of incentive, or reasons, to do well. Not only did his new social status grant him power, but also respect, reduced consequences for any crimes he may commit, and wealth in the form of gifts from those seeking his wisdom and guidance. Once an exam was passed, a scholar-official had to wait several years before being assigned a position away from his home region. This placement ensured that he didnt allow bias to interfere with his job.

The Reformation of Confucianism

Confucius teachings that had originated in India had made their way to China before the Han Dynasty. Traditional Chinese religion, Daoism, and the introduction of a new religion, Buddhism, pushed Confucianism out of Chinese society during the time of Discord following it. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, Confuciuss two key dogmas, Ren (concern for others) and Li (appropriate behavior) returned and morphed with religions to form Neo-Confucianism. These teachings became central to the Song Dynasty government.

  • 1. What were four incentives for Civil Service test takers to pass their difficult exam?

  • 2. What two religions blended with Confucianism to create Neo-Confucianism?

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Song Dynasty 960-1279

Part 2 of 2 Stations

Key concepts you will learn about at this station:

Economy - How a Civilization makes money by the buying and selling of goods and services. Social Classes - How a civilization is divided into classes that have different roles, responsibilities, and privileges. Achievements-The lasting contributions of a civilization. Geography - Physical environment and how it influenced economy and culture.

Rise of Wealth

During the Song Dynasty, the agricultural foundation of China boomed. Advances in irrigation and a new specie of faster growing/ripening rice, as well as improvement in the growing of other crops such as cotton created a surplus of wealth. This wealth paid taxes and increase quality of life for the Chinese people. Since rice only grew in the southern areas of China, many of the farmers in the north abandoned their wheat and barley crops for the more productive crop. The increased food supported a growing population, and soon all that wealth translated into urbanization, or the development of cities. The Song Dynasty saw a surge in populace from 60 million to 100 million. Trade and commerce increased, and the merchant class developed with the demands for foreign and luxurious items. The worlds first paper money was created for carrying and trade convenience. The major Chinese trade city Changan became a hub of philosophical and religious thought and practice.

Inventions that changed the world

The wealth of the Song Dynasty offered time for developing many products and gadgets of earlier dynasties. A smooth type of pottery, porcelain, became a Chinese specialty during the Tang Dynasty and was improved upon during the Song Dynasty. Literature, poetry, and art all increased with the wealth of China. Woodblock printing, a process of carving into a solid block of wood and using it as a stamp on paper, aided the spread of literature and ideologies. Gunpowder, a powder mixture used in weapons, found innovative uses such as fireworks and continued to affect war outcomes world wide. Travel and trade also benefited from the development of the magnetic compass, a device that showed direction based on the earths magnetic fields.

  • 1. Evaluate impact: List the six bolded inventions above in order from most impactful and long-lasting to least.

  • 2. Categorize: Create a four tier, social class pyramid on your paper with the people who had the most power at the top and those with the least power at the bottom.

Song Dynasty 960-1279 Part 2 of 2 Stations Key concepts you will learn about at this
Song Dynasty 960-1279 Part 2 of 2 Stations Key concepts you will learn about at this

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Yuan Dynasty 1279-1368

Part 1 of 2 Stations

Key concepts you will learn about at this station:

Economy - How a Civilization makes money by the buying and selling of goods and services. Social Classes - How a civilization is divided into classes that have different roles, responsibilities, and privileges. Geography - Physical environment and how it influenced economy and culture.

Yuan Dynasty 1279-1368 Part 1 of 2 Stations Key concepts you will learn about at this

The mongrel ascendency

Toward the end of the Song Dynasty, a new threat emerged from the north. The nomadic Mongol tribes had gathered into an army under Genghis Khan and conquered much of western Asia, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe. Now, they eyed China and its wealth. In 1211, the Mongols started attacking Northern China. Their brutal tactics decimated whole villages, including farmland and their crops. All of Northern China was under his control when he died in 1260. His grandson Kublai Khan, completed the conquest of China, and named himself Emperor in 1279. This was the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty.

Yuan Dynasty 1279-1368 Part 1 of 2 Stations Key concepts you will learn about at this

The Mongols threw out the Confucius–based government system and banned

it to keep Confucius leaders from holding any power, and appointed clan members in powerful places. Since they couldnt read or write, they hired foreigners to take prominent government positions as well. The Chinese were only allowed to be common clerks, though a few managed to gain trust and hold a higher government office.

Despite their forceful reinventing of the Chinese government, the Mongols allowed their Chinese population to keep their own culture. The Mongols spoke a different language, dressed and looked different, and had a different religious system. Rather than forcing the Chinese to alter their ways, the Mongols appointed soldiers to every town or city to keep their Chinese populace in line. The Chinese were also taxed heavily, and this oppression eventually lead to the Yuan Dynastys downfall.

  • 1. In what ways did the Mongols keep control of their Chinese subjects?

  • 2. Why was it necessary for the Mongols to put foreigners in high government positons?

  • 3. How was the Yuan Dynastys social system different from that of the Song Dynasty?

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Yuan Dynasty (Mongols) 1279-1368

Part 1 of 2 Stations

Key concepts you will learn about at this station:

Economy – How a Civilization makes money by the buying and selling of goods and services. Achievements - The lasting contributions of a civilization. Decline - How each kingdom lost strength and regional influence.

Yuan Dynasty (Mongols) 1279-1368 Part 1 of 2 Stations Key concepts you will learn about at

Trade flourishes under Mongol rule

Despite the general belief that the Mongols were ruthless, barbaric conquerors, they highly valued trade and commerce. This preference lead them to plan and expand public works. The Grand Canal was widened and lengthened for better commerce exchange. The Silk Road and other routes throughout their vast land were improved. Stations were also constructed about every 20 miles along those routes so merchants could rest and eat on their way to China to trade. Soldiers patrolled these roads as well to ensure safety for travelers from thieves. These improvements also positively influenced the mail, so communication between Asia and Europe increased. Palaces and a new capitol city of Dadu near modern day Beijing. All of these projects were constructed on the backs of the Chinese people. The Mongols were a maritime society, and their fine skills helped increase trade to southern Asian and India. Foreign traders, such as the famous Italian Marco Polo, were welcomed as honored guests and many spent privileged time in the Yuan Courts.

Yuan Dynasty (Mongols) 1279-1368 Part 1 of 2 Stations Key concepts you will learn about at

Mongols collapse under failure

The Mongols success in China made them want even more, so they turned their attention to Japan. Despite

good maritime skills, three unsuccessful attempts to cross the sea and conquer the Japanese people greatly

reduced their army and wealth. Unrest among the Chinese people stirred rebellion, and eventually the Chinese people retook their country.

  • 1. How did the Mongols improve the infrastructure of their empire?

  • 2. What do you think made the Chinese people unhappy enough to fight the Mongols for their country?

  • 3. What skill of the Mongols increased trade but eventually destroyed their rule?

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Ming dynasty 1368-1644

Part 1 of 2 Stations

Key concepts you will learn about at this station:

Leadership/ Government- How a civilization creates an organized way of leadership. Achievements -The lasting contributions of a civilization.

China Reigns Again

In 1368, former monk Zhu Yuanzhang lead the Chinese rebellion against the Mongol oppressors, and declared himself Emperor of China under the Ming Dynasty. This 300 year time period offered China more stability and wealth than it had ever had. Though Yuanzhang re-established the scholar-official exam system of previous Chinese dynasties, he also took an active approach in most of the state affairs. Civil Service exams were also used to fill a new position, called

a censor. This official was responsible to regularly judge the morals of leadership as well as the quality of schools and

institutions. This control approach to government was meant to establish a secure country with limited foreign control, and probably stemmed from the resentment of the past Mongols rule.

Two Major Ming Achievements

Under the Ming Dynast, the Chinese became great sailors and built huge fleets of bigger, better ships. A particular sailor Zheng He used his massive fleet of more than 60 ships to go on trade and treaty trips to East Africa, the middle east, and all of the Asian seas. With each stop, he presented foreign leaders with presents and encouraged them to do the same to the Chinese Emperor. He also brought many of them back to see the power and unique culture of China.

Ming dynasty 1368-1644 Part 1 of 2 Stations Key concepts you will learn about at this

The early wealth of the Ming Dynasty lended itself to several building projects. The Forbidden City was erected as a symbol of Chinas power and prestige. This palace held homes for leadership, government buildings, and religious

temples, as many as 9,000 rooms! Its name came

from the fact that lower social classes werent allowed in. Another building project of the Ming Dynasty was the reconstruction of the crumbling Great Wall. Not only did this give them a 2,000 mile long wonder of the world to brag about, but it also kept the northern tribes from invading again with its 25 foot high and 12 foot thick structure.

  • 1. Compare and contrast the scholar-official exam system of the Song and Ming Dynasties.

  • 2. What new position did the Ming Dynasty create in the government and what were its responsibilities?

  • 3. Would you rather visit the Forbidden City or the Great Wall? Explain you answer.

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Ming dynasty 1368-1644

Part 2 of 2 Stations

Key concepts you will learn about at this station:

Leadership/Government - How a civilization creates an organized way of leadership. Decline - How each kingdom lost strength and regional influence.

It takes progress to sustain a nation

Upon the return of Chinese explorer Zheng He, the Chinese were unimpressed with the outside world and decided to close its doors to any foreign influence or interaction. In the 1434, the newest Ming Emperor Zheng He broke down the Chinese fleet and cut off foreign relations. No Chinese

A Map of the Great Wall of China.
A Map of the Great Wall of China.

were allowed to leave the country, and any

communication or contact with the rest of the world had to specifically approved by the Chinese government. This period of isolationism, or policy of avoiding contact with others, was meant to keep the Chinese people safe but had dire consequences for China. They missed out on technologies of Western countries, and eventually China became vulnerable as Westerners took over bits and pieces of the empire.

The rigid government couldnt adapt to its countries needs. China couldnt resist foreign invasion or peasant revolts, and soon lost its power and glory. Furthermore, the decision to deny foreign contact resulted in a loss of the exchange of ideas hence, China fell behind technologically.

A Woodprint of Zheng He’s fleet
A Woodprint of Zheng He’s fleet
A Ming Dynasty Empress
A Ming Dynasty Empress
  • 1. If China hadnt isolated itself during this time period, how do you think the country would have evolved?

  • 2. In what three ways did the Ming Dynastys limited foreign policy eventually decline the empire?

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Religion’s Effects on Medieval china

Key concepts you will learn about at this station:

Religion-A belief system that influences the development of a civilization.

Buddhism on the move

In ancient China before the period of disunion, Daoism and Confucianism were the two prominent belief systems. The religion of Daoism emphasized living in harmony with all of creation. It stressed to live simply through observing and learning from nature and its natural balance of both good and bad. The philosophy of Confucianism focused more on morals and how one should behave in personal, professional, and authority based relationships. Confucius asserted that people should be loyal, honest and obedient in five relationships: sibling, parent/child, leader/subject, friendship and marriage. But during the dark years of the disunion, the Chinese turned to a new belief system that gave them a way to cope.

Buddhism came northeast from India during the Han Dynasty, but it relayed teachings on comfort and peace,

offering relief from the suffering of disunion. Buddha and Buddhists around the world believe that people are reincarnated (re-born on earth) back to earth until they have reached inner peace. The Four Noble Truths are central to Buddhism: that life is painful and full of suffering; that desire is the cause of pain; that a person can overcome desire; and that following the Eightfold Path will end suffering caused by desire. According to Buddha, following an Eightfold Path by conducting a life of discipline, mindfulness and meditation will lead a person to a state void of desire. This path is a process of facing reality and leads to enlightenment, a state of inner peace. Buddhists believe that nirvana is the highest state that someone can attain, meaning a persons individual desires and suffering go away. At this point, they will no longer be reincarnated to earthly suffering.

When the disunion was finally resolved, Buddhism started to flourish in China. The rich classes donated funds for lavish

Buddhist temples to be built with massive statues of Buddha. Chinese missionaries continued to spread the Buddhist

religion to such places as Japan, Korea and other Asian lands.

Law and Religion blur

As mentioned above, Confucius beliefs were ancient and consisted of guidelines on how to behave in given relationships and circumstances. Confucianism lead to law creation early in Medieval China. At the end of the Tang Dynasty and through the Song Dynasty, the two main Confucius creeds blended with Daoism and Buddhism thought to form what was known as Neo-Confucianism. These teachings became core to the later Song Dynasty government.

  • 1. Define: Write the name and describe the difference of the three belief systems in this reading.

  • 2. Create a timeline with each dynastys existence dates and one major event that took place. Below the date, indicate which dynasty the event relates to. Below that, briefly describe the event with at least one key detail. Include five events on the timeline, one for each dynasty.

Religion’s Effects on Medieval china Key concepts you will learn about at this station: Religion -
   

Date: 598 —____________ Dynasty: ______________ Event: ________________

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Tang Dynasty Buddha statues in Longmen Grottos Henan Province, China
Tang Dynasty Buddha statues in Longmen Grottos
Henan Province, China

Medieval China Questions

Page 1 of 4

Sui Dynasty

  • 1. List three (3) ways the disunion affected the Chinese

culture.

__________________________________

  • 2. Why is the Grand Canal considered one of the Sui Dynastys greatest achievements?

________________________________________________________________________________________

Tang Dynasty

  • 3. Support with evidence from the Text: Support the following sentence with evidence in the form of a direct quote from the text: The Tang Dynasty continued the work of the one before it in many ways. Make sure to place the sentence chosen in quotes when you write it

down.

______________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

  • 4. How did wealth limit the middle class from becoming scholar officials of the Tang government?

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

Song Dynasty

  • 5. What were four incentives for civil service test takers to pass their difficult exam? _________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

  • 6. What two religions blended with Confucianism to create Neo-Confucianism? _____________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________

  • 7. Evaluate impact: List the six bolded inventions in the reading in order from most impactful and long- lasting to least.

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

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Medieval China Questions

Achievements

  • 8. Categorize: Create a four tier, social class pyramid for the Song Dynasty time period on your paper with the people who had the most power at the top and those with the least power at the bottom.

Yuan Dynasty

Page 2 of 4

Medieval China Questions Achievements 8. Categorize : Create a four tier, social class pyramid for the
Medieval China Questions Achievements 8. Categorize : Create a four tier, social class pyramid for the
Medieval China Questions Achievements 8. Categorize : Create a four tier, social class pyramid for the
  • 9. In what ways did the Mongols keep control of their Chinese subjects? ____________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ 10. Why was it necessary for the Mongols to put foreigners in high government positons? ______________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ 11. How was the Yuan Dynastys social system different from that of the Song Dynasty? _______________ _________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ 12. How did the Mongols improve the infrastructure of their empire? _______________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________

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Medieval China Questions

Yuan Dynasty, continued

Page 3 of 4

  • 13. What do you think made the Chinese people unhappy enough to fight the Mongols for their country?

________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

  • 14. What skill of the Mongols increased trade but eventually destroyed their rule? ____________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

Ming Dynasty

  • 15. Compare and contrast the scholar-official exam system of the Song and Ming

Dynasties.

____________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

  • 16. What new position did the Ming Dynasty create in the government and what were its responsibilities?

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

  • 17. Would you rather visit the Forbidden City or the Great Wall? Offer one fact from the text to tell why you chose it.

________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

  • 18. If China hadnt isolated itself during the Ming Dynasty, how do you think the country would have evolved?

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

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Medieval China Questions

Ming dynasty, continued

Page 4 of 4

19. In what three ways did the Ming Dynastys limited foreign policy eventually decline the empire? _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________

Religion

20. Define: Write the name and description of the four religions in this study. Also note which dynasty(ies) they were prominent in.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

Medieval China Timeline

Create a timeline with each dynastys existence dates and one major event that took place. Below the date, indicate which dynasty the event relates to. Below that, briefly describe the event with at least one key detail. Include five events on the timeline, one for each dynasty.

Date: ___________ Date: ___________ Date: ___________ Date: ___________ Date: ___________ Dynasty: ________ Dynasty: ________ Dynasty: ________
Date: ___________
Date: ___________
Date: ___________
Date: ___________
Date: ___________
Dynasty: ________
Dynasty: ________
Dynasty: ________
Dynasty: ________
Dynasty: ________
Event:
Event:
Event:
Event:
Event:
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
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________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________

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Medieval China Answer Key

Sui Dynasty

  • 1. List three (3) ways the disunion affected the Chinese culture. Style of Dress, Art, and Music

  • 2. Why is the Grand Canal considered one of the Sui Dynastys greatest achievements? Its the only major project they undertook, and it would help with trade and commerce between north and south China.

Tang Dynasty

  • 3. Support with Evidence from the Text: Support the following sentence with evidence in the form of a direct quote from the text: The Tang Dynasty continued the work of the one before it in many ways. Make sure to place the sentence chosen in quotes when you write it down. They expanded the reach of the Grand Canal, conquered Northeast and Southwest Asian lands, and kept the centralized government style.

  • 4. How did wealth limit the lower class from becoming scholar officials of the Tang government? The lower class didnt have the time or money to study and pass the exam to become a scholar official.

Song Dynasty

  • 5. What were four incentives for civil service test takers to pass their difficult exam? Powerful position in Chinese government, respect, easier punishments for any crimes they commit, wealth in the form of gifts from those who needed their wisdom.

  • 6. What two religions blended with Confucianism to create Neo-Confucianism? Daoism and Buddhism

  • 7. List the inventions from most impactful and

long-lasting to least. Answers will vary.

  • 8. Categorize: Create a four tier, social class pyramid on your paper with the people who had the most power at the top and those with the least power at the bottom.

Medieval China Answer Key Sui Dynasty 1. List three (3) ways the disunion affected the Chinese
Emperor Scholar Officials Farmers/ Peasants
Emperor
Scholar Officials
Farmers/ Peasants

Merchants/Tradesmen

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Medieval China Answer Key

Yuan dynasty

  • 9. In what ways did the Mongols keep control of their Chinese subjects?

The Mongols removed the Chinese from any powerful positions, banned their Confucius ideals, posted soldiers throughout China, and heavily taxed the Chinese people.

  • 10. Why was it necessary for the Mongols to put foreigners in high government positons?

The Mongols couldnt read or write and they didnt trust any Chinese in government positions.

  • 11. How was the Yuan Dynastys social system different from that of the Song Dynasty?

The Mongols put foreigners and their family in powerful positions, while the Song Dynasty allowed smart, moral men to take exams and try to become a part of the government. The difference was an earned position rather than an appointed one.

  • 12. How did the Mongols improve the infrastructure of their empire?

They improved the silk road and other routes throughout the empire, placing stations for travelers, soldiers

for protection. They also expanded the Grand Canal and traveled by sea to increase commerce and trade.

  • 13. What do you think made the Chinese people unhappy enough to fight the Mongols for their country?

The conquering of their land, heavy taxes, made laborers on all the public works, had no say in government.

  • 14. What skill of the Mongols increased trade but eventually destroyed their rule? Maritime skills

Ming dynasty

  • 15. Compare and contrast the scholar-official government of the Song and Ming Dynasties.

The Song Dynasty was run by scholar-officials who could come from any class and structured to prevent bias. The Ming Dynasty also had the scholar-officials running the government, but the Emperors had a more active hand in running things, and the government as a whole was more rigid and isolated.

  • 16. What new position did the Ming Dynasty create in the government and what were its responsibilities?

The censor position was created, and they were responsible for making sure government officials were morally upright, and that schools and institutions were being run efficiently.

  • 17. Would you rather visit the Forbidden City or the Great Wall? Offer one fact from the text to tell why.

Answers will vary but should mention one fact about whichever location they choose.

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Medieval China Answer key

Ming Dynasty, continued

  • 18. If China hadnt isolated itself during the Ming Dynasty, how do you think the country would have evolved? Answers will vary but should elude to creating new technology, growing in wealth, or visiting more of the world by ship.

  • 19. In what three ways did the Ming Dynastys limited foreign policy eventually decline the empire? Missed out on technological advances, lost land to foreigners, and government was too rigid to adapt to its agriculture needs.

Religion

  • 1. Define: Write the name and describe the difference of the three belief systems in this reading.

Daoism, centered around harmonizing with all living things, was prominent before the Disunion.

Confucianism offered dogmas on personal, professional, and authority based relationships, and influenced the governments of the Sui and Tang Dynasties.

Buddhism, teachings of peace and comfort during suffering, was prominent from the Sui to Tang dynasty.

Neo-Confucianism: A blend of Daoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism that was major in Song and Ming Dynasties.

Medieval China TimeLine

Create a timeline with each dynastys existence dates and one major event that took place. Below the date, indicate which dynasty the event relates to. Below that, briefly describe the event with at least one key detail. Include five events on the timeline, one for each dynasty.

Date: 589–618 Date: 618—901 Date: 901—1279 Dynasty: Sui Kingdom: Tang Kingdom: Song Date: 1279– 1369 Kingdom:
Date: 589–618
Date: 618—901
Date: 901—1279
Dynasty: Sui
Kingdom: Tang
Kingdom: Song
Date: 1279– 1369
Kingdom: Yuan
Date: 1369—1644
Kingdom: Ming
Answers will vary
Answers will vary
Answers will vary
Answers will vary
Answers will vary

Copyright © 2014 Instructomania Pavlovich

Sui Dynasty Station
Sui
Dynasty
Station
Tang dynasty Station
Tang
dynasty
Station
Song dynasty Station 1
Song
dynasty
Station 1
Song dynasty Station 2
Song
dynasty
Station 2
Yuan dynasty Station 1
Yuan
dynasty
Station 1
Yuan dynasty Station 2
Yuan
dynasty
Station 2
Ming Dynasty Station 1
Ming
Dynasty
Station 1
Ming Dynasty Station 2
Ming
Dynasty
Station 2
Religion Station
Religion
Station

Blank for instructor to write in if a station is added.

Blank for instructor to write in if a station is added.
3 Word Billboard or # Hashtag Summary Dynasty Title: Draw 2 details that show your understanding
3 Word Billboard or # Hashtag Summary
Dynasty Title:
Draw 2 details that show your understanding of this section.
Sui
Tang
Draw 2 details that show your understanding of this section.
Song
Draw 2 details that show your understanding of this section.
Yuan
Draw 2 details that show your understanding of this section.
Ming
Draw 2 details that show your understanding of this section.
Religion
Draw 2 details that show your understanding of this section.
Main Idea 2-3 Supporting Facts 1. ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 2. ____________________________________ 3. 1. ____________________________________ 2. ____________________________________ ____________________________________
Main Idea
2-3 Supporting Facts
1.
____________________________________
____________________________________
2.
____________________________________
3.
1.
____________________________________
2.
____________________________________
____________________________________
3.
1.
____________________________________
2.
____________________________________
____________________________________
3.
1.
____________________________________
2.
____________________________________
____________________________________
3.
1.
____________________________________
2.
____________________________________
____________________________________
3.
1.
____________________________________
2.
____________________________________
____________________________________
3.

China Folding Graphic Organizer

The Chinese Dynasty Graphic Organizer was created to add more creative versatility with the notes and/or station work in this bundle. Templates are provided if you would rather copy the pages for students to fold in half and complete (sometimes I copy the first page and have students write in the middle pages, or page 2 of template). If you prefer to have students fold the paper instead of copying the graphic organizer heres how:

1. 2.
1.
2.

Students fold paper lengthwise (model).

Students fold paper into thirds (model). Key wording that works in my class, Fold the paper so that the part that you are folding

is about the same size as the part that is remaining.I fee like a broken record with this statement. Also, I issue a table or row

expert that can assist the folding challenged students. 3.
expert that can assist the folding challenged students.
3.

Students fold paper one more time lengthwise, so they will end up with 6 total sections when unfolded. Optional: As a further

4.
4.

step, students can cut the top page so the page has flaps.

China Folding Graphic Organizer The Chinese Dynasty Graphic Organizer was created to add more creative versatility

Students title, and label big ideas on front. They can make picture boxes if desired. See template for clarification.

China Folding Graphic Organizer The Chinese Dynasty Graphic Organizer was created to add more creative versatility

Big Idea Folding Graphic Organizer

5.

Students label middle sections. Left side of open paper is main idea and right side is 2-3 supporting facts (that support main

idea). See template to further clarify. 6.
idea). See template to further clarify.
6.

Students label back. I like to have them write a #hashtag summary or create a 3 word billboard that summarizes the reading. Its

a fun twist on a simple task.

Big Idea Folding Graphic Organizer 5. Students label middle sections. Left side of open paper is

7.

Option: Make it easy and cut copying in half by copying page 1 of the template provided. Then, students can write in the middle

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Like what you see in this Bundle? Your rating would mean the world to us! Money