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PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE Day 2 30% utilities

Instructor: Architect Abelardo Firmeza structural


Day 3 40% architectural design
COURSE OUTILE: 3. Registered
A. Administering the regular services of architecture a. PRC – renewable every 3 years during your birth month
1. Definition of the architect’s role in the building industry b. BIR
2. Liabilities and responsibilities  RC – residence certificate
3. Methods of selecting the architect  PTR – professional tax receipt
4. The architectural projects  OR – official receipt
5. The professional fees c. SEC – security exchange committee
6. Inter-professional relationships d. LGU – local government unit
e. DTI – department of trade and industry
B. The spectrum of the architect’s services 4. Filipino
1. The pre-design services
2. The regular design services Technically
3. Specialized allied services 1. Graduate of BS Architecture
4. Construction services 2. 2 years diversified training experience
5. Post-construction services
6. Comprehensive architectural services
7. Design-build services
The The
A. Building Laws Abstract Physic
1. The laws regulating the practice of architecture World al
2. The laws affecting housing, real estate, design, general World
construction, etc.
3. The general conditions of a contract
architect
 ARCHITECT 1. Concept 5M’s
- legally and technically qualified to practice architecture. 2. Document Resources in
-reports; pictures; Construction
Legally graphics; draw 1. materials
1. 21 years old 3. Implement 2. money
2. Pass the board exam with an average of 70% and with no day 4. Post Implementation 3. manpower
falling below 50% 4. machines
Day 1 30% history of architecture 5. minutes
professional practice  CODES OF ETHICS
building tech. 1. General objectives
2. Ideals
3. Success Group 1. Simple Projects
4. Remuneration - requires no interior partitions
5. Interest of the clients a. Armories
6. Professional prerogatives b. Bakery
7. Business venture c. Hangar
8. Behavior
9. Criticism Minimum basic fee: 6% of the cost
10. Creative endeavor 50M or less: 6%=A
50M to 100M: A+5%=B
 METHODS OF SELECTION OF ARCHITECT 100M to 200M: B+4%
1. Direct Selection
2. Indirect Selection example:
a. Referral from another architect 55M project
b. Recommendation from a satisfied client 50M – 3M
c. Comparative Selection 5M – 0.25M
3. Design Competition 55M – 3.25M

 CLASSIFICATION OF ARCHITECTURAL PROJECTS Group 2. Moderate Structures


1. NBC – use and occupancy - have interior partitions
(National Building Code) a. Art galleries
2. FCP – risk of the occurrence of fire b. City halls
(Fire Code of the Philippines) c. Libraries
3. UAP – degree of difficulty in design d. Supermarkets
(United Architect’s of the Philippines) e. Banks

 LIST OF ARCHITECTURAL PROJECTS Minimum basic fee: 7% of the cost


1. Simple projects
2. Moderate structures Group 3. Exceptional Structures
3. Exceptional structures - with consultants
4. Residential a. Atomic facilities (physicist)
5. Monumental structures b. Aquarium (marine biologist)
6. Repetitive construction c. Mortuary
7. Housing projects d. Medical facilities / hospital
8. Extensive detailing (electrical engineer)
9. Alterations and renovations
10. Consultations and arbitration Minimum basic fee: 8%
Group 4. Residential
Minimum basic fee: 10% Group 7. Housing Projects
- includes only houses
Notes: 1st unit : MBF
** Condominium 2nd – 10th unit : (60% of MBF x N) = B
- Considered as high-rise residential building. 11th – infinity : B+(30% of MBF x N)
- According to FCP:
a. considered as “exceptional” where: N = no. of units
b. 15m above is considered a high-rise building that requires
consultants for: Group 8. Extensive Detailing
- elevator - includes detailing of furniture, cabinets, landscapes and interior
- sprinklers
- structural engineer Minimum basic fee: 15%

Dominant Use Group 9. Alterations and Renovations


- Basis for classification of groupings - includes groups 1.2.3.4&5
- Example is Mix-Use building
Minimum basic fee: MBF + 50% of MBF
Group 5. Monumental Structures example:
- it requires concept
a. expositions
b. mausoleums
c. museums
d. gateways
Minimum basic fee: 12%

Group 6. Repetitive Construction


- using one and the same plan without any minute difference
- used several times Group 10. Consultation and Arbitration
- includes group 1,2,3,&5 - architect is entitled to receive payment on clients when giving an opinion
1st unit : MBF of Grp. 1,2,3 or 5 regarding architectural terms
2nd unit : 80% of MBF - as of 1979: P200.00 per hour rate
3rd unit : 60% of MBF  METHODS OF COMPENSATION
4th to infinity : 40% of MBF
1. Percentage of construction cost
- based on minimum basic fee
2. Multiple of Direct Personnel Expense (MDPE)
- none creative “no-construction” projects.
- ex. feasibility studies  SCHEDULE OF PAYMENT
Architect: NRTMf
Consultants: NRTMf Contractor
Staff: NRTMf 1. downpayment: 20% - 50%
Professional Fee: Direct Cost + MP + RE 2. progressive payment: based on partial complition
3. guaranteed bond:
where: punch listing – inspect the building upon completion
T : time spend on the project Specialized Allied Services
N : number of person 1. proposal phase: 5%
R : rate 2. submission and acceptance
Mf: multiplying factor (2.0-2.5) of preliminary drawings: 25%
RE: reimbursable expenses 3. submission and acceptance
MP: margin of profit of final drawings: 50%
-not more than or equal 4. retention fee: 20%
to 30% total 100%

- reimbursable expenses Architect


a. mutual agreement 1. proposal phase 5%
b. pertinent to the project 2. schematic design phase 15%
c. occur outside of the 100Km radius from the base of 3. submittance of design
operation or office development phase 15%
4. contract document phase 50%
3. Lump Sum + Fixed Fee 5. construction phase or
- convert the cost to the nearest whole number retention fee 15%
4. Professional Fee + Costs total 100%
5. Combination Method
- combination of 1,2,3&4
6. Per Diem Notes:
7. “Turn Key” ** To get the proposal phase of the architect
- payments received after all the works has been done
from the lot area, determine the buildable area
buildable area = lot area – open spaces
Note:
** 15 days – receive payment after all the working drawings have ** rule of thumb: 30% open area
been submitted. ex. buildable area: 100sqm – 30sqm
: 70sqm
: P20,000 x 70 1. Establishment of References
: P1,400,000.00 a. horizontal references
- lot plan, benchmark
AE (architectural/engineering fee): 10% b. vertical references
: 140,000.00 - positioning of elevations
staking plan – positioning of wood as marks for the start of digging and
proposal phase of 5% = P7,000.00 excavation.

 THE SPECTRUM OF THE ARCHITECT’S SERVICES

UAP Doc. 201


The pre-Design Services
- non-creative projects (MDPE)

Economic feasibility studies


Physical planning services
Architectural programming services 2. Excavation
Site selection and analysis - supervised by the architect and the structural engineer
Site utilization and land-use 3. Reinforcements
Space management - check size of bars, spacing, splicing and number of bars.
Promotional services
Support bars for installation of slab reinforcement: “sapatos” or spacer
UAP Doc. 202
Regular Design Services
- sequential process

Schematic design phase 4. Concreting


-integrated regular engineering services 5. Finishing
Design development phase
Contract document phase
General conditions
Agreement
Specifications
Special Provisions
Drawings
Construction phase
Milestones of Construction UAP Doc. 203
Specialized Allied Services civil works
- requires consultants, having specified licenses - get paid 4% of the cost of the work
- additional 30% if the terrain is rugged
Physical planning services B. Interior Design
Interior design 2 types:
Landscape architecture 1. Interior Decoration
Acoustics, communications and electronics - mainly furniture
Comprehensive planning services 2. Interior Design/Architecture
- combination or integration of furniture to its location
minimum basic fee:
Note: - 12% - 20% of the cost of the work
Estimate - 15% is mostly used
** structural: P50.00 – P80.00 per sqm
C. Landscape Architecture
A. Physical Planning Services Minimum basic fee: 10% - 15%

3 types: D. Acoustics, Communications and Electronics


1. Site Development Planning Minimum basic fee: 10% - 15%
- as of 1979: P5,000.00/has
E. Comprehensive Planning
1. Physical planning services
2. Economic planning services
3. Socio-cultural planning services
4. Transportation and utilities planning services
- roads and bridges
5. Legal and administrative
- includes form of government

2. Subdivision Planning in the Urban Area


- as of 1979: P3,000.00/has

Subdivision planning – subdividing or parceling of large lots into UAP Doc. 204
smaller lots. Construction Services

3. Subdivision Planning in the Rural Area F full-time supervision: 1% - 1-1/2%


- as of 1979: P2,000.00/has
- supervision of the architect on site or its representative
from 8am – 5pm a. Design-build administration
Cm construction management: b. Design-build guaranteed maximum cost
1-1/2% - 3%
Pm project management: Contractor
2% - 5% - holds the money
- purchase the materials
- payment for laborers

Builder
- compute the payroll
- submit computed payroll to the owner
- canvass and identify suppliers
- no responsibilities in holding the money
UAP Doc. 205
Post-Construction Services  UAP Doc. 301: GENERAL CONDITIONS OF A CONTRACT
- making the structure habitable and has occupancy permit
It establishes the relationship between: Owner-Architect, Owner-Contractor(s),
Be Bldg. and equipment maintenance and Contractor-Architect. It stipulates the norms by which the contractor shall
Bg Bldg. and grounds administration perform his work in accordance with the current trends in the practice of
Architecture.
PAYMENT SCHEMES
1. Salary method Section 1. Definition and Documents
2. 45 to 6% of the gross monthly rentals Article 1. Definitions
Article 2. Execution, Correlation and Intent of
UAP Doc. 206 Document
Comprehensive Architectural Services Article 3. Drawings and Specifications
- inclusion of UAP Doc. 201 - 205 b. As-built
- package services c. Detailed Drawings
d. Shop Drawings
e. Working Drawing
Notes:
Construction
** 6” to 8” - distances of nails
UAP Doc. 207 ** Every 4” - distances of rivet at ridge roll for roofing
Design-Build Services 5 Sets of Blue Prints
- guaranteed maximum cost 10% 1 – office of the building official
1 – contractor Section 2
1 – owner 1. Laws
1 – fire department 2. Regulations
1 – site: 3. Site Conditions
 Only the architect can use the copy at the site. - the architect should do ocular inspection of the site
 May cause “termination” of the contractor in case of 4. Permits
lost or mishandled. - responsibility of the contractor to provide permit on his own expense
 Well-kept at the site. 5. Taxes
 Protected by electrical tape, binded by wood and - whoever gains pays tax
screw and supported by acetate cover. 6. Insurance
a. life insurance
b. property insurance
7. Survey
- actual verification of size of the lots at the cost of the owner
- re-survey when problem occur but at his own expense

Section 3. Equipment and Materials


o Equipments written on quotation submitted by the contractor
must comply with actual usage.
Additional 4 copies of blue prints o Materials should follow what is written on specifications.
1- homeowner association
1- security of homeowner association Section 4. Premises and Temporary Facilities
ex: town house, condominium, subdivision, etc. o Define by property line
2 – lending institution o Consideration of safety of adjacent lots and users.
a. file Temporary Facilities
b. appraiser 1. warehouse
2. bankhouse or barracks
** 9 copies are free of charge and the succeeding copies are - for stay-in workers
payable. 3. office
Conflicts on drawings and specifications or text - for architect’s negotiations
 specifications or text will prevail 4. utilities
 if not stated on drawings and specification, - water, electrical sources, etc.
the contractor has the right to do it in the most expensive 5. access
manner, still the materials have to be approved by the - road, pathways, etc.
architect. 6. trial usage
7. enclosures
8. signage
- “falling debris”
- “park at your own risk”

Section 5. Protection of Work and Property When “accepted”


- the architect furnish certificates to the owner:
Section 6 1. Certificate of acceptance
1. Labor 2. Certificate of payment
a. Quantity: no. of worker, lesser the worker when
construction is almost finish
b. Quality: proper work designation such as painter,
carpenter, steel man, etc.
2. Work
- based on specifications and plans

duration – include ‘liquidated damages’ which means Notes:


delayed construction to be deducted to the fee. ** the contractor may not be paid till 90 days before he go to court.
a. working days – Monday to Friday ** substantial completion (98%): the contractor may e paid 100%
b. calendar days – number of days including Saturday,
Sunday and holidays Section 7. Contractor-Separate;
3. Payment Contractors-Subcontractors relations
- no payment shall be made without the approval of the
architect. Section 8. Suspension of Work
Notes: People who can suspend work: owner and contractor
** duration starts counting 7 days after the acceptance of NTP 1. Owner
‘notice to proceed’. a. Bankruptcy – declared by BIR
** within 7 days: mobilization and materials were prepared. b. Insubordination – not following orders
** immediately means 5 days c. Non payment
** s-curve – allowable deficiency is 10% 2. Contractor
a. Government stoppage of work
Contractor b. Non action of request
1. Certificate of completion (partial) - drawings
2. Request for Inspection - materials
3. Billing - inspection
4. Certificate of Non-Financial c. Non payment of workers or materials

Notes:
Involving numbers
** 5 days – means immediately a. Foreigners cannot practice if there is no reciprocity
** 7 days – NTP ‘ notice to proceed’ b. Corporation cannot practice architecture
** 10 days – request for materials and drawings c. Architect who’s employed by the government cannot practice
– notice (stop, begin or resume) architecture privately
** 15 days – money matters (request for inspection, payments,
salary and wages) Termination of License
** 30 days – arbitration 1. Fraudulent Acts
** 90 days – government stoppage 2. Scandalous Acts
** 120 days – Building Permit (stoppage) 3. Criminal Acts
** 365 days – Building Permit (without construction) a. Life
– 3 consecutive board examination failures b. Property
– guaranteed bond 4. Unsound mind
– reinstatement 5. Violation of Code of Ethics
** 3 years – renewal of license
** 15 years – liability of architect to his project Note:
Designers
 BUILDING LAWS ** ADB Building – Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM)
** Bureau of Soil – Japanese architect
Practice of Architecture ** Lung Center and Health Center – George Ramos
1. RA 545 – The Architectural Law ** World Trade Center – Minoro Yamasaki
2. PD 49 – Intellectual Property Law ** Only the architect may sign the ‘Architectural Plans’
3. PD 223 – The Law that created the PRC
** Hon. Antonieta Fortuna-Ibe (head)  LAWS THAT AFFECTS HOUSING, GEN. CONSTRUCTION, DESIGN, REAL
4. LOI 1000 – The letter of Inspection Mandating Government ESTATE, ETC.
support only to the A.P.O.
5. EO 164 – The Executive order regulating the hiring of foreign 1. PD 1096 – The National Building Code
consultants 2. PD 957 – The Condominium and Subdivision Buyers Protective Law
Article 1. Organization 3. BP 220 – The Socialized Housing Law
Article 2. Registration and Exam 4. BP 344 – The Law Enhancing the Mobility of the Disabled (The Accessibility
** Qualifications Law)
a. 21 years old 5. PD 1185 – The Fire Code of the Philippines
b. Filipino
c. Graduate of BS Architecture Notes:
d. 2 years diversified experience ** former president Ferdinand Marcos signed most of these laws
e. High-School Graduate ** Architect Roberto “Pentong” Gaite – architect to juries
** Building Permit – issued to buildings having a cost of P15,000.00 of
Article 3. Sundry Provision indigenous materials
** Hon. Florante Soriquez – secretary of DPWH

 PRIORITY CHAPTERS TO STUDY

NBC:
1. Chapter 1 – General Provision
2. Chapter 2 – Adm. and Enforcement
3. Chapter 3 – Permits and Inspection
4. Chapter 7- Classification and Use
5. Chapter 8 – Light and Ventilation
6. Chapter 12 – Gen. Design and Construction

 OTHER INFO
 Apprentice – Designer – Draftsman
- signed by Filipino architect
- current and valid ITR
- under minimum of 6 months work with architect
- maximum of four architects to sign the logbook
- 3840 hours
- while studying, 4 hours a day may count
- 8 hours a day when working
- overtime, Saturday and Sundays are not included
- submission of logbook is 30 days before the board exam