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ASME BPVC.

X-2017

FORM Q-1 1 5 (CONT’D)


(Revision C — 201 7)

Qualification of Vessel With Bonded Joints


Vessel(s) Serial Number(s)

Design Report Number

Test Report Number

ASME Section X
[Edition and Addenda (if applicable) Date] (Code Case Number)

We certify that the statements made in this Specification are correct:


Date Signed
(Fabricator)

By
Certificate of Authorization Number Expires

CERTIFICATION BY SHOP INSPECTOR


OF QUALIFICATION OF ADHESIVE-BONDING PROCEDURE

Procedure Specification of at
for process of fabricating vessel(s) described in
(User)
Design Specification and (Fabricator)

Design Report Number


I, the undersigned, holding a valid commission issued by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors
and employed by
of have witnessed the tests by which the design of the
joint(s) and the adhesive-bonding procedure have been qualified and state that, to the best of my knowledge and belief,
these tests of the prototype joint(s) and the adhesive-bonding procedure employed in constructing the vessel(s) satisfy the
requirements of Section X of the ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE, Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Pressure Vessels.
By signing this certificate, neither the Inspector nor his employer makes any warranty, expressed or implied, concerning the
design or procedure covered by the Fabricator’s Design Report. Furthermore, neither the Inspector nor his employer shall
be liable in any manner for any personal injury or property damage or loss of any kind arising from or connected with this
inspection.

Date Commission
(National Board Authorized Inspector Number)

(Authorized Inspector’s Signature)

(07/1 7)

227
ASME BPVC.X-2017

Note that the thickness and fiber weight fraction of the lamina are related by:
(U.S. Customary Units)

ð 1a Þ

(SI Units)

ð 1b Þ

(U.S. Customary Units)

ð 2a Þ

(SI Units)

ð 2b Þ

(U.S. Customary Units)

ð 3a Þ

(SI Units)

ð 3b Þ

ð4Þ

ð5 Þ

ð6 Þ

ð7 Þ

ð8 Þ

ð9 Þ

255
ASME BPVC.X-2017

PART RT
RULES GOVERNING TESTING

ARTICLE RT-1
TESTING REQUIREMENTS

RT-100 SCOPE (2) fi b e r ‐ r e i n fo r c e d p l a s ti c p r e s s u r e ve s s e l


construction;
This Part specifies the requirements for tests to be
(3) failure mechanisms of reinforced plastics;
made during and after fabrication. For Class I vessels,
(4) acoustic emission instrumentation;
such tests shall consist of a Qualification Test (Article
RT-2), Quality Control Test (Article RT-3), and Production (5) instrument checkout;
Test (Article RT-4). For Class II vessels, such tests shall (6) vessel filling requirements;
consist of an Acceptance Test as specified in Article (7) the provisions of Section V, Article 11;
RT-6 and the Material Property Test specified in Article (8) characteristics of spurious emission;
RT-7 to determine the elastic and strength constants that (9) data collection and interpretation;
serve as a basis for design. (1 0) test reports.
Hydrostatic tests for both Class I and Class II vessels The experience level shall be that recommended by
shall be as specified in Article RT-5. SNT ‐ TC ‐ 1A for Level II certification in acoustic emission
testing.
RT-110 FABRICATOR’ S RESPONSIBILITY (b) Personnel who have attended the training pre-
scribed above, and passed a Level I examination but not
The Fabricator completing a vessel or vessel part has a Level II examination, may perform the test but only to
the responsibility for conducting the tests stipulated in the instructions of, and with adequate supervision from,
this Part. The purpose of these tests is to assure that such a person who meets the requirements of (a) above.
vessel or part is designed for the service condition speci-
fied in the Design Specification and that the procedure for
fabricating it is adequate. RT-112 TEST REPORTS ð 17Þ

For Class I vessels, the Fabricator has the responsibility


ð 17Þ RT-111 CERTIFICATION OF COMPETENCY FOR
of preparing and keeping on file for at least 5 yr (see
NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION
RG-3 21) a detailed report of the tests that were con-
PERSONNEL
ducted to prove the design of each vessel in order to be
(a) The Fabricator shall certify that each examiner per- marked with the Certification Mark, together with the
forming acoustic emission testing under this Article has qualified Procedure Specification under which the proto-
attended a dedicated training course on the subj ect, type vessel was fabricated. For Class II vessels, the Accep-
passed a written examination, and has the recommended tance Test Report shall be kept for 10 yr. This Acceptance
experience level. The training course shall be appropriate Test Report shall be certified by the Fabricator and veri-
for specific NDT Level II qualification according to Recom- fied by the Inspector.
mended Practice No. SNT ‐ TC ‐ 1A 1 7 of the American So-
ciety for Nondestructive Testing and should include, as
a minimum, the following general topics: RT-120 INSPECTOR’ S DUTIES
(1 ) basic technology and terminology of acoustic
emission; See RI-130.

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ASME BPVC.X-2017

PART RR
PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES

ARTICLE RR-1
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

RR-100 PROTECTION AGAINST RR-112 DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION,


OVERPRESSURE CERTIFICATION MARKING, AND
INSTALLATION
(a) All pressure vessels within the scope of this Section
The design construction, testing, certification, marking,
shall be provided with protection against overpressure in and installation of pressure relief devices required by this
accordance with the requirements of this Article. Article shall meet the applicable requirements of Section
(b) Heat exchangers and similar vessels shall be pro- IV, Article 4 or Section VIII, Division 1, UG ‐ 125 through
tected against overpressure in case of an internal failure. UG‐ 140, unless otherwise specified in this Article.

RR-120 SET PRESSURE


RR-110 TYPES OF OVERPRESSURE
PROTECTION When a single pressure relieving device is used, it shall
be set to operate 16 at a pressure not exceeding the design
Protection against overpressure shall be provided by pressure of the vessel. When the required capacity is pro-
one or a combination of the following devices: vided in more than one pressure relieving device, only
(a) direct spring‐ loaded safety or safety relief valves. one device need be set at or below the design pressure,
(b) indirectly operated safety or safety relief valves, and the additional devices may be set to open at higher
such as pilot‐ operated valves. Design of pilot‐ operated pressures but in no case at a pressure higher than
valves or other indirectly operated valves shall be such 105% of the design pressure.
that the main unloading valve will open automatically at RR-121 PRESSURE EFFECTS TO BE INCLUDED IN
the set pressure and will discharge its full rated capacity SETTING
if some essential part of the pilot or auxiliary device
should fail. The pressure at which any device is set to open shall in-
(c) rupture disks. clude the effects of static head and back pressure.
(d) breaking pin devices.
(e) open flow paths or vents. RR-130 PERMISSIBLE OVERPRESSURES ð 17Þ

(f) overpressure protection by system design. The combined capacity of the pressure relief devices
shall be sufficient to prevent overpressure in excess of
RR-111 PROTECTION AGAINST EXTERNAL
those specified below when the pressure relief devices
PRESSURE
are discharging at full capacity:
(a) when the overpressure protection is provided by a
Vessels used for potable water, as described in RG-113 single pressure relief device, 110% of the design pressure
(Section IV application), shall be equipped with a breath- or 3 psi (20 kPa) above design pressure, whichever is
er valve directly connected to the inside of the vessel. greater;

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ð 17Þ Table RD-620.1
Flange and Nozzle Dimensions for Hand Lay-Up and Pressure-Molded Flanges

U.S. Customary Units, in. and psi


Out- Bolt Flange and Nozzle Thickness, in., for Pressure, psi
side Bolt Hole Dia. Bolts, 25 50 75 100 125 150

ASME BPVC.X-2017
Size, Dia., Circle, Dia., Spot Size No. of Gusset
in. A B C Facing Dia. Bolts FT NT FT NT FT NT FT NT FT NT FT NT Spacing
2 6 4.75 0.75 1.75 0.63 4 0.5 0.25 0.5 0.25 0.63 0.25 0.63 0.25 0.69 0.25 0.75 0.25 12
21

3 7.5 6 0.75 1.75 0.63 4 0.5 0.25 0.56 0.25 0.69 0.25 0.75 0.25 0.81 0.31 0.88 0.31 13.5
4 9 7.5 0.75 1.75 0.63 8 0.5 0.25 0.63 0.25 0.75 0.25 0.88 0.31 1 0.31 1 0.31 15
6 11 9.5 0.88 2 0.75 8 0.56 0.25 0.69 0.25 0.81 0.31 1 0.31 1 0.38 1.13 0.44 17

8 13.5 11.75 0.88 2 0.75 8 0.625 0.25 0.81 0.31 1 0.38 1 0 1.31 0.44 1.31 0.5 19.5
10 16 14.25 1 2.25 0.88 12 0.75 0.25 1 0.31 1.13 0.38 1.25 0.4375 1.38 0.5 1.5 0.56 19.5
12 19 17 1 2.25 0.88 12 0.81 0.25 1 0.31 1.31 0.44 1.5 0.5 1.69 0.56 1.88 0.69 19.5

14 21 18.75 1.13 2.5 1 12 0.88 0.313 1.13 0.38 1.38 0.44 1.56 0.56 1.81 0.69 (1) (1) 19.5
16 23.5 21.25 1.13 2.5 1 16 1 0.313 1.25 0.38 1.5 0.5 1.69 0.63 2 0.75 (1) (1) 19.5
18 25 22.75 1.25 2.75 1.13 16 1 0.313 1.38 0.41 1.56 0.56 (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) 19.5

20 27.5 25 1.25 2.75 1.13 20 1.13 0.313 1.5 0.41 1.69 0.56 (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) 19.5
24 32 29.5 1.38 3 1.25 20 1.25 0.313 1.63 0.5 2 0.69 (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) 19.5
30 38.75 36 1.38 3 1.25 28 1.5 0.375 2 0.56 2.38 0.81 (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) 19.5
36 46 42.75 1.63 3.5 1.5 32 2 0.438 2.25 0.69 (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) 19.5
42 53 49.5 1.63 3.5 1.5 36 2.13 0.438 2.63 0.81 (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) 19.5
48 59.5 56 1.63 3.5 1.5 44 2.25 0.5 3 0.88 (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) 19.5
ASME BPVC.X-2017

are expected to occur simultaneously during normal op- provided the applicable rules and restrictions for each
eration, and for other combinations of loads which could material and joining are followed (see RM-140, RM-2 10,
occur during operation or testing of the vessel. and Article RF-7).
NOTE: Because of different moduli of elasticity and thermal coeffi-
cients of expansion of plastic and metallic materials, caution shall
RD-130 DESIGN RESTRICTIONS be exercised in design and fabrication under the provisions of this
paragraph in order to avoid difficulties in service under extreme
Insofar as is reasonably attainable, pressure vessels
temperature conditions or with unusual restraint of parts such as
constructed under the rules of this Section shall be de-
may occur at points of stress concentration.
signed to be free of bending and shearing stresses, espe-
cially if the vessel is to be subjected to cyclic conditions of
loading. Particular care shall be used in selecting the kind
RD-152 COMBINATION UNITS ð 17Þ
of end closure, whether formed head or flat head type,
and of nozzle connections for attachment of piping, etc., When a vessel unit consists of more than one indepen-
to avoid or minimize bending and shearing stresses likely dent pressure chamber, operating at the same or different
to be imposed on the structure by such design details. pressures or temperatures, each such pressure chamber
C l as s I an d C l as s I I m e tho ds o f de s i gn s h al l n o t b e (vessel) shall be designed and fabricated to withstand
intermixed. the most severe conditions of pressure expected in nor-
mal service and as specified in the Design Specification.
Only the parts of the chambers which come within the
RD-140 DESIGN ALLOWANCES FOR scope of this Section (see RG-100) shall be fabricated in
DEGRADATION compliance with this Section.
When specified in the Design Specification, the design
s hall make p ro vi s i o n fo r, b ut no t b e l imited to , the
following:
RD-160 PROOF OF DESIGN ADEQUACY
(a) selection of resin, fiber, fiber surface treatment, and
liner materials that are chemically resistant to the speci- For Class I vessels, a design shall be considered ade-
fied vessel contents; quate for the specified service conditions when one or
(b) fire protection, fire proofing, or fire retardancy; more full ‐ scale prototype vessels (see RG-3 2 1.1) , after
(c) degradation from ultraviolet exposure; having been subjected to 100,000 cycles of pressure ran-
(d) abrasive conditions. gi ng fro m atm o s p he ri c to th e de s i gn p re s s u re (s e e
RD-1 1 1 and Article RT-2 ) , shall withstand a pressure
not less than six times the specified maximum design
RD-150 METHODS OF FABRICATION IN pressure. The test fluid shall have a temperature as speci-
COMBINATION fied in RT-223.
A vessel may be fabricated by a combination of the ap- A lesser number of cycles at a higher pressure is allow-
plicable methods covered by this Section (see RG-400). able for vessels fabricated per RG-404.2 (Filament Wind-
ing — Polar Boss Openings Only). See RT-223.5.
RD-151 MATERIALS IN COMBINATION For Class II vessels, a design shall be considered ade-
A vessel may be designed and fabricated of any combi- quate for the specified service when the design provisions
nation of materials permitted by this Section, including of Article RD-11 and the Acceptance Test provisions of
metallic materials covered in Section VIII, Division 1 , Article RT-6 have been met.

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ASME BPVC.X-2017

PART RG
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
ARTICLE RG-1
SCOPE AND JURISDICTION

RG-100 SCOPE (1 0) sets forth requirements to assure that no essen-


tial variation in qualified fab rication pro cedures has
(a) Section X establishes the requirements for the fabri- occurred;
cation of fiber‐ reinforced thermosetting plastic pressure (1 1 ) establishes rules for acceptance testing, inspec-
vessels for general service, sets limitations on the permis- tion, and reporting;
sible service conditions, and defines the types of vessels (1 2) gives requirements for stamping and marking.
to which these rules are not applicable. (c) For vessels fabricated in accordance with these
(b) To assure that vessels fabricated according to these rules, the provisions of Section X shall apply over any
rules will be capable of safely withstanding the operating other sections of the Code. When metallic components
conditions specified by the D esign Specification, this are part of fiber‐ reinforced plastic vessels, they shall meet
Section: the provisions of Section VIII, Division 1.
(1 ) gives minimum requirements for the materials of (d) The fabricator shall establish the effective Code edi-
fabrication; tion, addenda and Code Cases for pressure vessels and re-
(2) specifies test procedures for determining lami- placement parts in accordance with Mandatory Appendix
nate mechanical properties; 9.
(3) Defines three methods of design qualification:
(-a) Class I Design — nondestructive qualification RG-110 APPLICATION LIMITATIONS
test
(-b) Class II Design — mandatory design rules and
RG-111 DESIGN PRESSURE
acceptance testing by nondestructive evaluation (NDE) The internal design pressure of vessels fabricated un-
methods der this Section shall be limited as follows:
(-c) Class III Design — qualification of a vessel de- (a) Class I vessels shall not exceed 150 psi (1 MPa) for
sign through the destructive test of a prototype bag‐ molded, centrifugally cast, and contact‐ molded ves-
sels; 1,500 psi (10 MPa) for filament‐ wound vessels and
(4) suggests nonmandatory design procedures for
3,000 psi (20 MPa) for filament‐ wound vessels with polar
Class I vessels;
boss openings.
(5) provides mandatory design procedures and ac- (b) Class II vessels shall not exceed the limits specified
ceptance testing for Class II vessels; in RD-1120.
(6) defines the general methods of fabrication which (c) C l a s s I I I ve s s e l s s h a l l n o t e xc e e d 1 5 , 0 0 0 p s i
may be used; (103 .4 MPa) for filament-wound vessels with polar boss
(7) limits the types of end closures, connections, and openings.
attachments which may be employed and the means used
to join them to the vessels; RG-112 DESIGN TEMPERATURE
(8) stipulates the procedures to be used in proving The design temperature of vessels fabricated under this
that prototype vessels will withstand specified operating Section shall not exceed the lower of (a) or (b).
and test conditions; (a) 2 5 0°F (1 2 0°C) for Class I and Class II, and 1 85 °F
(9) establishes rules under which fabricating proce- (85°C) for Class III
dures used for fabricating Class I and Class III prototype (b) 35°F (19°C) below the maximum use temperature
and production vessels are qualified, and defines what de- (s e e RM - 1 2 1 ) o f th e re s i n , n o r b e l e s s th a n − 6 5 ° F
viations from such procedures necessitate requalification; (− 54°C) (see RD-112)

1
ASME BPVC.X-2017

ARTICLE RQ-5
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CONTACT-MOLDING PROCEDURE
QUALIFICATION (CLASS I VESSELS)

14
ð 17Þ RQ-500 ESSENTIAL VARIABLES (m) length of secondary overlay.

Essential variables listed in Form Q-108, deviation from Requalification of a procedure shall not be required
which shall require requalification of the contact-molding when an essential variable manufacturer's name change
procedure, are: is a result of a business merger, a corporate name change,
(a) fiber (type, form, manufacturer, and designation);
or a commercial event having no effect on the manufac-
(b) resin (type, manufacturer, and designation);
turing process or material chemistry. No other changes
(c) curing agent (manufacturer and designation);
in the material shall be permitted, including manufactur-
(d) curing schedule (i.e., time, temperature, or pres-
ing location. Material certificates shall be identical, with
sure), outside range specified in the qualified Procedure the exception of the manufacturer's name, and material
Specification; traceability shall remain intact. It shall be the Fabricator's
(e) post cure (time and temperature);
responsibility to certify that these requirements have
(f) percent of fiber (outside range specified in the qual-
been satisfied and notify the Authorized Inspector of
ified Procedure Specification); the name change. The Procedure Specification and Form
(g) weight of vessel (outside range specified in the
Q-108 shall be revised to document the manufacturer's
qualified Procedure Specification); name change.
(h) Barcol hardness (outside range specified in the
qualified Procedure Specification);
RQ-501 NONESSENTIAL VARIABLES ð 17Þ
(i) volumetric expansion (outside range specified in
the qualified Procedure Specification); Changes in variables other than those listed in RQ-500
(j) total number of plies; are considered nonessential. They may be made without
(k) ply sequence and orientation; requalification of the contact-molding procedure, pro-
(l) surface preparation method and distance for sec- vided the Procedure Specification is modified to show
ondary overlays; the changes.

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