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Design of Slab with Beams (Direct Design Method)

<Program Created by: Engr. Jeremy E. Caballes>

UNITS: SI
SI 1 E = 200000 Mpa 5 m 5 m
English f'c = 20.7 Mpa
fy = 275 Mpa B

Section A-A:
A A
hf
(Panel 1) (Panel 2) 3.5 m

350 mm

Section B-B: (Panel 3) (Panel 4) 3.5 m

hf

350 mm

Ecb = 35 Mpa
clear L = 3.25 m 250 mm Ecs = 35 Mpa
bar Ø = 16 mm
Estimate I factor: (factor x Ig) Optional Values: concrete cover = 20 mm
Interior Beams: 2 Assume hf = 150 mm wDL = 3 kpa
Exterior Beams: 1.5 wu = kpa wLL = 2 kpa
Long clear span = 4.750 m
Short clear span = 3.250 m
Assume slab thickness, hf:
Use: Ln = 4.750 m
Long clear span
ß=
Short clear span
ß = 1.462
Ln(800+0.73fy) Ln(800+0.73fy)
Min. h = Max. h =
36,000+9,000ß 36,000
Min. h = 96.708 mm 100 Max. h = 132.043 mm
Use hf = 150.000 mm
Effective flange projection:
(a) 5-m span (b) 3.5-m span
h - hf = 200.000 mm h - hf = 200.000 mm
4hf = 600.000 mm 4hf = 600.000 mm
Use: 200.000 mm Use: 200.000 mm
Estimate moment of inertia of T-beams and slabs:
(a) 5-m span (b) 3.5-m span
Interior Ib = 2 x Ig Interior Ib = 2 x Ig
= 1786458333 mm^4 = 1786458333 mm^4
Interior Is = bh³/12, slab width: b = 3500 mm 3500 Interior Is = bh³/12, slab width: b = 5000 mm 5000
= 984375000 mm^4 = 1406250000 mm^4
Exterior Ib = 1.5 x Ig Exterior Ib = 1.5 x Ig
= 1339843750 mm^4 = 1339843750 mm^4
Exterior Is = bh³/12, slab width: b = 1875 mm 1875 Exterior Is = bh³/12, slab width: b = 2625 mm 2625
= 527343750 mm^4 = 738281250 mm^4
Calculate average α, αm:
Ecb x Ib Length of continuous edges Ln(800+0.73fy)
α= ßs = h=
Ecs x Is Total Perimeter 36,000+9,000ß
(a) 5-m span (b) 3.5-m span
35(1786458333.333) 35(1786458333.333)
Interior α = Interior α =
35(984375000) 35(1406250000)
= 1.815 = 1.270
35(1339843750) 35(1339843750)
Exterior α = Exterior α =
35(527343750) 35(738281250)
= 2.541 = 1.815
Total perimeter = 2(5+3.5)
= 17 m
Panel 1, αm = (1.815+1.815+1.27+1.815)/4 Panel 2, αm = (1.815+2.541+1.27+1.815)/4
= 1.679 = 1.860
ßs = [5+2(3.5)]/17 ßs = [5+3.5]/17
= 0.706 = 0.500
h= 102.320 mm h= 102.189 mm
Panel 3, αm = (1.815+1.815+1.27+1.27)/4 Panel 4, αm = (1.815+2.541+1.27+1.27)/4
= 1.543 = 1.724
ßs = [2(5)+2(3.5)]/17 ßs = [2(5)+3.5]/17
= 1 = 0.794
h = 100.557 mm h = 100.431 mm

Moment for 5-m span: (both end continuous)

hf = 150.000 mm

350 mm

wu = 1.4wDL + 1.7wLL
wu = 7.600 kpa Ln = 4.750 m 250 mm

(a) Interior (b) Exterior

L2 = 3.500 m L2 = 1.875 m L2
wuL2 = 26.600 kn/m wuL2 = 14.250 kn/m
(wuL2)(Ln)² (wuL2)(Ln)²
Mo = Mo =
8 L2 8
Mo = 75.020 kN-m Mo = 40.189 kN-m
(-) M = 0.65Mo = -48.763 kN-m (-) M = 0.65Mo = -26.123 kN-m
(+) M = 0.35Mo = 26.257 kN-m (+) M = 0.35Mo = 14.066 kN-m

L2/L1 = 3.5/5 L2/L1 = 3.5/5

= 0.700 Ln = 0.700 Ln
α1 = 1.815 α1 = 2.541
α1L2/L1 = 1.271 0 1.271 α1L2/L1 = 1.779 0 1.779
Column strip: Interior (-) M Column strip: Interior (-) M
0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0 L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0
75 α1L2/L1=0 75 75 75 75 75 α1L2/L1=0 75 75 75 75
90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 75 90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 75
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
0.5 0.700 1.0 0.5 0.700 1.0
90.0 x 75.0 90.0 x 75.0
x = 84.000 % x = 84.000 %
(-) M = 84%(-48.763) (-) M = 84%(-26.123)
= -40.961 kN-m = -21.943 kN-m
85%(-)M = -34.817 kN-m (Beam) 85%(-)M = -18.652 kN-m (Beam)
15%(-)M = -6.144 kN-m (Slab) 15%(-)M = -3.291 kN-m (Slab)
Middle strip: Interior (-) M Middle strip: Interior (-) M
(-) M = -48.763-(-40.961) (-) M = -26.123-(-21.943)
= -7.802 kN-m = -4.180 kN-m

Column strip: (+) M Column strip: (+) M

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0 L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0
60 α1L2/L1=0 60 60 60 60 60 α1L2/L1=0 60 60 60 60
90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 75 90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 75
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
0.5 0.700 1.0 0.5 0.700 1.0
90.0 x 75.0 90.0 x 75.0
x = 84.000 % x = 84.000 %

(+) M = 84%(26.257) (+) M = 84%(14.066)

= 22.056 kN-m = 11.815 kN-m
85%(+)M = 18.748 kN-m (Beam) 85%(+)M = 10.043 kN-m (Beam)
15%(+)M = 3.308 kN-m (Slab) 15%(+)M = 1.772 kN-m (Slab)
Middle strip: (+) M Middle strip: (+) M
(+) M = 26.257-(22.056) (+) M = 14.066-(11.815)
= 4.201 kN-m = 2.251 kN-m

Col. Strip Int. Mid. Strip

Beam Slab slab
Interior
Neg -34.817 -6.144 -7.802
Pos 18.748 3.308 4.201
Exterior
Neg -18.652 -3.291 -4.180
Pos 10.043 1.772 2.251

Col. Strip Int. Mid. Strip

Interior Exterior Interior Exterior
Neg Pos Neg Pos Neg Pos Neg Pos
Mu -6.144 3.308 -3.291 1.772 -7.802 4.201 -4.180 2.251
b 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000
d 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000
Rn 0.608 0.327 0.325 0.175 0.772 0.415 0.413 0.223
act ρ 0.00225 0.00120 0.00119 0.00064 0.00287 0.00153 0.00152 0.00081
min ρ 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509
use ρ 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509
As per m 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636
As temp 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270
Use: As 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 Col Strip (Ext): L/4 @ 500 mm, L/2 @ 500 mm, L/4 @ 500 mm
n per m 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Mid Strip (Ext): L/4 @ 500 mm, L/2 @ 500 mm, L/4 @ 500 mm
Soc 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 Col Strip (Int): L/4 @ 500 mm, L/2 @ 500 mm, L/4 @ 500 mm
Scl 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 Mid Strip (Int): L/4 @ 500 mm, L/2 @ 500 mm, L/4 @ 500 mm
Remarks OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK Col Strip (Int): L/4 @ 500 mm, L/2 @ 500 mm, L/4 @ 500 mm
Int (Neg) Int (Pos) Int (Neg) Ext (Neg) Ext (Pos) Ext (Neg)
Col Strip (Ext) 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000
Mid Strip (Ext) 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000
Col Strip (Int) 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000
Mid Strip (Int) 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000
Col Strip (Int) 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000

Moment for 5-m span: (one end continuous)

hf = 150.000 mm

350 mm

wu = 1.4wDL + 1.7wLL
wu = 7.600 kpa Ln = 4.750 m 250 mm

(a) Interior (b) Exterior

L2 = 3.500 m L2 = 1.875 m
L2
wuL2 = 26.600 kn/m wuL2 = 14.250 kn/m
(wuL2)(Ln)² (wuL2)(Ln)²
Mo = Mo =
8 8
Mo = 75.020 kN-m L2 Mo = 40.189 kN-m
(-) M = 0.70Mo = -52.514 kN-m (-) M = 0.70Mo = -28.133 kN-m
(+) M = 0.52Mo = 39.011 kN-m (+) M = 0.52Mo = 20.899 kN-m
ext (-) M = 0.26Mo = -19.505 kN-m ext (-) M = 0.26Mo = -10.449 kN-m
L2/L1 = 3.5/5 L2/L1 = 3.5/5
= 0.700 = 0.700
Ln Ln
α1 = 1.815 α1 = 2.541
α1L2/L1 = 1.271 0 1.271 α1L2/L1 = 1.779 0 1.779
Column strip: Interior (-) M Column strip: Interior (-) M
0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0 L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0
75 α1L2/L1=0 75 75 75 75 75 α1L2/L1=0 75 75 75 75
90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 75 90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 75
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
0.5 0.700 1.0 0.5 0.700 1.0
90.0 x 75.0 90.0 x 75.0
x = 84.000 % x = 84.000 %
(-) M = 84%(-52.514) (-) M = 84%(-28.133)
= -44.112 kN-m = -23.632 kN-m
85%(-)M = -37.495 kN-m (Beam) 85%(-)M = -20.087 kN-m (Beam)
15%(-)M = -6.617 kN-m (Slab) 15%(-)M = -3.545 kN-m (Slab)
Middle strip: Interior (-) M Middle strip: Interior (-) M
(-) M = -52.514-(-44.112) (-) M = -28.133-(-23.632)
= -8.402 kN-m = -4.501 kN-m
Column strip: (+) M Column strip: (+) M
0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0 L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0
60 α1L2/L1=0 60 60 60 60 60 α1L2/L1=0 60 60 60 60
90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 75 90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 75
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
0.5 0.700 1.0 0.5 0.700 1.0
90.0 x 75.0 90.0 x 75.0
x = 84.000 % x = 84.000 %

(+) M = 84%(39.011) (+) M = 84%(20.899)

= 32.769 kN-m = 17.555 kN-m
85%(+)M = 27.854 kN-m (Beam) 85%(+)M = 14.922 kN-m (Beam)
15%(+)M = 4.915 kN-m (Slab) 15%(+)M = 2.633 kN-m (Slab)
Middle strip: (+) M Middle strip: (+) M
(+) M = 39.011-(32.769) (+) M = 20.899-(17.555)
= 6.242 kN-m = 3.344 kN-m

150 150
350 350
200 200

250 250
Ecb x C Ecb x C
ßt = ßt =
2Ecs x Is 2Ecs x Is
100 C = Σ(1-0.63x/y)x³y/3 C = Σ(1-0.63x/y)x³y/3
75 = 1.121E+09 mm^4 = 1.121E+09 mm^4
100 Is = 1.406E+09 mm^4 Is = 7.383E+08 mm^4
90 ßt = 0.399 < 2.5 Use 2.500 ßt = 0.759 < 2.5 Use 2.500
Column strip: Exterior (-) M Column strip: Exterior (-) M
0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0 L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0
α1L2/L1=0 ßt = 0 100 100 100 100 100 α1L2/L1=0 ßt = 0 100 100 100 100
ßt ≥ 2.5 75 75 75 75 75 ßt ≥ 2.5 75 75 75 75
α1L2/L1≥1 ßt = 0 100 100 100 100 100 α1L2/L1≥1 ßt = 0 100 100 100 100
ßt ≥ 2.5 90 75 45 75 90 ßt ≥ 2.5 90 75 45 75
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
0.5 0.700 1.0 0.5 0.700 1.0
90.0 x 75.0 90.0 x 75.0
x = 84.000 % x = 84.000 %
(-) M = 84%(-19.505) (-) M = 84%(-10.449)
= -16.384 kN-m = -8.777 kN-m
85%(-)M = -13.926 kN-m (Beam) 85%(-)M = -7.460 kN-m (Beam)
15%(-)M = -2.458 kN-m (Slab) 15%(-)M = -1.317 kN-m (Slab)
Middle strip: Interior (-) M Middle strip: Interior (-) M
(-) M = -19.505-(-16.384) (-) M = -10.449-(-8.777)
= -3.121 kN-m = -1.672 kN-m

Col. Strip Int. Mid. Strip

Beam Slab slab
Interior
Neg Int -37.495 -6.617 -8.402
Pos 27.854 4.915 6.242
Neg Ext -13.926 -2.458 -3.121
Exterior
Neg Int -20.087 -3.545 -4.501
Pos 14.922 2.633 3.344
Neg Ext -7.460 -1.317 -1.672

Col. Strip Int. Mid. Strip

Interior Exterior Interior Exterior
Neg Int Pos Neg Ext Neg Int Pos Neg Ext Neg Int Pos Neg Ext Neg Int Pos Neg Ext
Mu -6.617 4.915 -2.458 -3.545 2.633 -1.317 -8.402 6.242 -3.121 -4.501 3.344 -1.672
b 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000
d 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000 106.000
Rn 0.654 0.486 0.243 0.351 0.260 0.130 0.831 0.617 0.309 0.445 0.331 0.165
act ρ 0.00243 0.00179 0.00089 0.00129 0.00095 0.00048 0.00310 0.00229 0.00113 0.00164 0.00121 0.00060
min ρ 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509
use ρ 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509
As per m 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636
As temp 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270
Use: As 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636 539.636
n per m 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Soc 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000 500.000
Scl 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000 484.000
Remarks OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK
Slab Reinforcement Detail

L1 = 5000 Ln1 = 4750

L2 = 3500 Ln2 = 3250
Col Strip (Ext): L/4 @ 500 mm, L/2 @ 500 mm, L/4 @ 500 mm
Scale = 0.0002

0.025 0.725 0.975 0.725 1.025 0.725

0.025 -0.85 0.975 -0.85 1.025 -0.85

-0.025 0.725 -0.975 0.725 -1.025 0.725

-0.025 -0.85 -0.975 -0.85 -1.025 -0.85

-1.175 0.725 -1.175 0.675 -1.175 0.025

1.025 0.725 1.025 0.675 1.025 0.025

-1.175 -0.025 -1.175 -0.675 -1.175 -0.725

1.025 -0.025 1.025 -0.675 1.025 -0.725

-0.975 1.3 -1.3 0.675 -0.975 1.3 -0.975 -1.3

-0.975 -1.3 1.3 0.675 -0.7375 1.3 -0.7375 -1.3
-0.2625 1.3 -0.2625 -1.3
-0.7375 1.3 -1.3 0.5125 -0.025 1.3 -0.025 -1.3
-0.7375 -1.3 1.3 0.5125
0.025 1.3 0.025 -1.3
-0.2625 1.3 -1.3 0.1875 0.2625 1.3 0.2625 -1.3
-0.2625 -1.3 1.3 0.1875 0.7375 1.3 0.7375 -1.3
0.975 1.3 0.975 -1.3
-0.025 1.3 -1.3 0.025
-0.025 -1.3 1.3 0.025 -1.3 0.675 1.3 -0.675
-1.3 0.5125 1.3 -0.5125
0.025 1.3 -1.3 -0.025 -1.3 0.1875 1.3 -0.1875
0.025 -1.3 1.3 -0.025 -1.3 0.025 1.3 -0.025

0.2625 1.3 -1.3 -0.1875 -1.3 -0.025 1.3 0.025

0.2625 -1.3 1.3 -0.1875 -1.3 -0.1875 1.3 0.1875
-1.3 -0.5125 1.3 0.5125
0.7375 1.3 -1.3 -0.5125 -1.3 -0.675 1.3 0.675
0.7375 -1.3 1.3 -0.5125

0.975 1.3 -1.3 -0.675

0.975 -1.3 1.3 -0.675
L1 = 5000 Ln1 = 4750
Typical Detail on Slab
L2 = 3500 Ln2 = 3250
Scale = 0.0002
Extension = 0.15
f'c = 20.7 Mpa
Col Strip (Ext): L/4
-1 @ 500 mm,
0.35L/2 @ 500 mm,
-1 L/4 @ 500 mm
fy f'c = 20.7
= 275 MpaMp -0.5 0.35 0.35
fy = 275 Mpa -0.5 -0.35 1 @ 500 mm,
Mid Strip (Ext): L/4 0.35L/2 @ 500 mm,
-1 L/4 @ 0.175
500 mm
bar Ø = 16 mm
bar Ø = 16 m 0.5 -0.35 -1 -0.175
concrete
concretecover
cov = 20 mm 0.5 0.35 -1 0.175 -1 -0.35
Thickness= =150 mm
Thickness -0.5 0.35 1 0.175
1 0.35
-0.65 0.375 -1 -0.175 1 0.175
0.525 0.375 1 -0.175 1 -0.175
1 -0.35

Col Strip (Ext): S/4 @ 333 mm, S/2 @ 333 mm, S/4 @ 333 mm

Mid Strip (Ext): S/4 @ 333 mm, S/2 @ 333 mm, S/4 @ 333 mm
-0.65 0.325 -1 -0.35
Col Strip (Int): S/4 @ 333 mm, S/2 @ 333 mm, S/4 @ 333 mm

Mid Strip (Int): S/4 @ 333 mm, S/2 @ 333 mm, S/4 @ 333 mm

0.525 0.325 1 -0.35 -0.5 1

-0.25 1
-0.65 -0.375 -0.5 -1 0.25 1
0.525 -0.375 -0.5 1 0.5 1

-0.65 -0.325 -0.25 -1 -0.5 -1

0.525 -0.325 -0.25 1 -0.25 -1
0.25 -1
-0.525 0.375 0.25 -1 bar Ø = 160.5
mm -1
-0.525 -0.525 0.25 1

-0.475 0.375 0.5 -1

-0.475 -0.525 0.5 1

0.475 0.375
0.475 -0.525

0.525 0.375
0.525 -0.525

Note: Int refers to interior span where Col

bothStrip
ends(Int):
are L/4
continuous otherwise
@ 500 mm, L/2 @exterior
500 mm, span
L/4 where
@ 500one
mmend is continuous.

Mid Strip (Int): L/4 @ 500 mm, L/2 @ 500 mm, L/4 @ 500 mm

Note: Int refers to interior span where both ends are continuous otherwise exterior span where one end is continuous.
Mid Strip (Int): L/4 @ 500 mm, L/2 @ 500 mm, L/4 @ 500 mm

Note: Int refers to interior span where both ends are continuous otherwise exterior span where one end is continuous.

Moment for 3.5-m span: (both end continuous)

hf = 150.000 mm

350 mm

wu = 1.4wDL + 1.7wLL
wu = 7.600 kpa Ln = 3.250 m 250 mm

(a) Interior (b) Exterior

L2 = 5.000 m L2 L2 = 2.625 m L2
wuL2 = 38.000 kn/m wuL2 = 19.950 kn/m
(wuL2)(Ln)² (wuL2)(Ln)²
Mo = Mo =
8 8
Ln
Mo = 50.172 kN-m Mo = 26.340 kN-m
(-) M = 0.65Mo = -32.612 kN-m (-) M = 0.65Mo = -17.121 kN-m
(+) M = 0.35Mo = 17.560 kN-m (+) M = 0.35Mo = 9.219 kN-m

L2/L1 = 5/3.5 L2/L1 = 5/3.5

= 1.429 = 1.429
α1 = 1.270 α1 = 1.815
α1L2/L1 = 1.814 0 1.814 α1L2/L1 = 2.593 0 2.593
Column strip: Interior (-) M Column strip: Interior (-) M
0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0 L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0
75 α1L2/L1=0 75 75 75 75 75 α1L2/L1=0 75 75 75 75
90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 45 90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 45
1.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 2.0 2.0
0.5 1.429 2.0 0.5 1.429 2.0
90.0 x 45.0 90.0 x 45.0
x = 62.143 % x = 62.143 %
(-) M = 62.143%(-32.612) (-) M = 62.143%(-17.121)
= -20.266 kN-m = -10.640 kN-m
85%(-)M = -17.226 kN-m (Beam) 85%(-)M = -9.044 kN-m (Beam)
15%(-)M = -3.040 kN-m (Slab) 15%(-)M = -1.596 kN-m (Slab)
Middle strip: Interior (-) M Middle strip: Interior (-) M
(-) M = -32.612-(-20.266) (-) M = -17.121-(-10.64)
= -12.346 kN-m = -6.481 kN-m

Column strip: (+) M Column strip: (+) M

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0 L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0
60 α1L2/L1=0 60 60 60 60 60 α1L2/L1=0 60 60 60 60
90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 45 90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 45
1.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 2.0 2.0
0.5 1.429 2.0 0.5 1.429 2.0
90.0 x 45.0 90.0 x 45.0
x = 62.143 % x = 62.143 %

(+) M = 62.143%(17.56) (+) M = 62.143%(9.219)

= 10.912 kN-m = 5.729 kN-m
85%(+)M = 9.275 kN-m (Beam) 85%(+)M = 4.870 kN-m (Beam)
15%(+)M = 1.637 kN-m (Slab) 15%(+)M = 0.859 kN-m (Slab)
Middle strip: (+) M Middle strip: (+) M
(+) M = 17.56-(10.912) (+) M = 9.219-(5.729)
= 6.648 kN-m = 3.490 kN-m

Col. Strip Int. Mid. Strip

Beam Slab slab
Interior
Neg -17.226 -3.040 -12.346
Pos 9.275 1.637 6.648
Exterior
Neg -9.044 -1.596 -6.481
Pos 4.870 0.859 3.490

Col. Strip Int. Mid. Strip

Interior Exterior Interior Exterior
Neg Pos Neg Pos Neg Pos Neg Pos
Mu -3.040 1.637 -1.596 0.859 -12.346 6.648 -6.481 3.490
b 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000
d 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000
Rn 0.227 0.122 0.119 0.064 0.922 0.496 0.484 0.261
act ρ 0.00083 0.00045 0.00043 0.00023 0.00344 0.00183 0.00178 0.00095
min ρ 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509
use ρ 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509
As per m 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091
As temp 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270
4 @ 500 mm Use: As 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 Col Strip (Ext): S/4 @ 333 mm, S/2 @ 333 mm, S/4 @ 333 mm
4 @ 500 mm n per m 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 Mid Strip (Ext): S/4 @ 333 mm, S/2 @ 333 mm, S/4 @ 333 mm
@ 500 mm Soc 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 Col Strip (Int): S/4 @ 333 mm, S/2 @ 333 mm, S/4 @ 333 mm
@ 500 mm Scl 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 Mid Strip (Int): S/4 @ 333 mm, S/2 @ 333 mm, S/4 @ 333 mm
@ 500 mm Remarks OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK Col Strip (Int): S/4 @ 333 mm, S/2 @ 333 mm, S/4 @ 333 mm
Int (Neg) Int (Pos) Int (Neg) Ext (Neg) Ext (Pos) Ext (Neg)
Col Strip (Ext) 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333
Mid Strip (Ext) 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333
Col Strip (Int) 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333
Mid Strip (Int) 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333
Col Strip (Int) 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333

Moment for 3.5-m span: (one end continuous)

hf = 150.000 mm

350 mm

wu = 1.4wDL + 1.7wLL
wu = 7.600 kpa Ln = 3.250 m 250 mm

(a) Interior (b) Exterior

L2 = 5.000 m L2 = 2.625 m
wuL2 = 38.000 kn/m wuL2 = 19.950 kn/m
L2 L2
(wuL2)(Ln)² (wuL2)(Ln)²
Mo = Mo =
8 8
Mo = 50.172 kN-m Mo = 26.340 kN-m
(-) M = 0.70Mo = -35.120 kN-m (-) M = 0.70Mo = -18.438 kN-m
(+) M = 0.52Mo = 26.089 kN-m
Ln (+) M = 0.52Mo = 13.697 kN-m
ext (-) M = 0.26Mo = -13.045 kN-m ext (-) M = 0.26Mo = -6.848 kN-m
L2/L1 = 5/3.5 L2/L1 = 5/3.5
= 1.429 = 1.429
α1 = 1.270 α1 = 1.815
α1L2/L1 = 1.814 0 1.814 α1L2/L1 = 2.593 0 2.593
Column strip: Interior (-) M Column strip: Interior (-) M
0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0 L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0
75 α1L2/L1=0 75 75 75 75 75 α1L2/L1=0 75 75 75 75
90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 45 90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 45
1.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 2.0 2.0
0.5 1.429 2.0 0.5 1.429 2.0
90.0 x 45.0 90.0 x 45.0
x = 62.143 % x = 62.143 %
(-) M = 62.143%(-35.12) (-) M = 62.143%(-18.438)
= -21.825 kN-m = -11.458 kN-m
85%(-)M = -18.551 kN-m (Beam) 85%(-)M = -9.739 kN-m (Beam)
15%(-)M = -3.274 kN-m (Slab) 15%(-)M = -1.719 kN-m (Slab)
Middle strip: Interior (-) M Middle strip: Interior (-) M
(-) M = -35.12-(-21.825) (-) M = -18.438-(-11.458)
= -13.295 kN-m = -6.980 kN-m
Column strip: (+) M Column strip: (+) M
0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0 L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0
60 α1L2/L1=0 60 60 60 60 60 α1L2/L1=0 60 60 60 60
90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 45 90 α1L2/L1≥1 90 75 45 45
1.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 2.0 2.0
0.5 1.429 2.0 0.5 1.429 2.0
90.0 x 45.0 90.0 x 45.0
x = 62.143 % x = 62.143 %

(+) M = 62.143%(26.089) (+) M = 62.143%(13.697)

= 16.212 kN-m = 8.512 kN-m
85%(+)M = 13.780 kN-m (Beam) 85%(+)M = 7.235 kN-m (Beam)
15%(+)M = 2.432 kN-m (Slab) 15%(+)M = 1.277 kN-m (Slab)
Middle strip: (+) M Middle strip: (+) M
(+) M = 26.089-(16.212) (+) M = 13.697-(8.512)
= 9.877 kN-m = 5.185 kN-m

150.000 150
350 350
200.000 200

250 250
Ecb x C Ecb x C
ßt = ßt =
2Ecs x Is 2Ecs x Is
100 C = Σ(1-0.63x/y)x³y/3 C = Σ(1-0.63x/y)x³y/3
75 = 1.121E+09 0.375 = 1.121E+09 0
100 Is = 1.406E+09 0.375 Is = 7.383E+08 0
90 ßt = 0.399 < 2.5 Use 2.500 ßt = 0.759 < 2.5 Use 2.500
Column strip: Exterior (-) M Column strip: Exterior (-) M
0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0 L2/L1 0.5 1.0 2.0
α1L2/L1=0 ßt = 0 100 100 100 100 100 α1L2/L1=0 ßt = 0 100 100 100 100
ßt ≥ 2.5 75 75 75 75 75 ßt ≥ 2.5 75 75 75 75
α1L2/L1≥1 ßt = 0 100 100 100 100 100 α1L2/L1≥1 ßt = 0 100 100 100 100
ßt ≥ 2.5 90 75 45 75 90 ßt ≥ 2.5 90 75 45 75
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
0.5 1.429 1.0 0.5 1.429 1.0
90.0 x 75.0 90.0 x 75.0
x = 62.143 % x = 62.143 %
(-) M = 62.143%(-13.045) (-) M = 62.143%(-6.848)
= -8.107 kN-m = -4.256 kN-m
85%(-)M = -6.891 kN-m (Beam) 85%(-)M = -3.618 kN-m (Beam)
15%(-)M = -1.216 kN-m (Slab) 15%(-)M = -0.638 kN-m (Slab)
Middle strip: Interior (-) M Middle strip: Interior (-) M
(-) M = -13.045-(-8.107) (-) M = -6.848-(-4.256)
= -4.938 kN-m = -2.592 kN-m

Col. Strip Int. Mid. Strip

Beam Slab slab
Interior
Neg Int -18.551 -3.274 -13.295
Pos 13.780 2.432 9.877
Neg Ext -6.891 -1.216 -4.938
Exterior
Neg Int -9.739 -1.719 -6.980
Pos 7.235 1.277 5.185
Neg Ext -3.618 -0.638 -2.592

Col. Strip Int. Mid. Strip

Interior Exterior Interior Exterior
Neg Int Pos Neg Ext Neg Int Pos Neg Ext Neg Int Pos Neg Ext Neg Int Pos Neg Ext
Mu -3.274 2.432 -1.216 -1.719 1.277 -0.638 -13.295 9.877 -4.938 -6.980 5.185 -2.592
b 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000 1,000.000
d 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000 122.000
Rn 0.244 0.182 0.091 0.128 0.095 0.048 0.992 0.737 0.369 0.521 0.387 0.193
act ρ 0.00089 0.00066 0.00033 0.00047 0.00035 0.00017 0.00372 0.00274 0.00135 0.00192 0.00142 0.00071
min ρ 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509
use ρ 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509 0.00509
As per m 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091
As temp 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270 270
Use: As 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091 621.091
n per m 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Soc 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333 333.333
Scl 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333 317.333
Remarks OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK
Ln
4 @ 333 mm
/4 @ 333 mm
4 @ 333 mm
4 @ 333 mm
4 @ 333 mm
Ln