Windows Vista Training

Train Signal, Inc. Scott Skinger

Windows Vista Overview Video
Scenario
Amy's Cake House is a bakery that specializes in high-end cakes for all occasions. The business is owned by Amy Costella and is located in Madison, WI. Although Amy’s Cake House has been in business for 8 years, they are low tech and have a very basic network setup with 5 computers. Lately, the “Cake House” has had more frequent computer/network issues that are affecting the productivity of Amy and her employees. Amy has decided enough is enough and has contacted a computer consulting company to help her with her problems and recommend solutions. The Cake House network currently consists of a hodge-podge of machines from different vendors and running different operating systems, including Windows 98, 2000 and XP. All of these machines, except for the XP machine (2 months old), are over 3 years old. The machines are connected through a switch (wired) on a peer-to-peer (workgroup) network. There is no server on the network and only one machine has Internet access (DSL). Amy has decided to completely revamp the network. Five new PCs will be purchased and Windows Vista will be installed on each of them. The XP machine will be tested to see if it can run Vista. It will be kept if it is able to run Vista. All of the older machines will be recycled or donated. The Cake House will also get a brand new server running Windows 2003 and a domain will be set up to handle the network in the near future. Amy expects to add even more computers/users soon, so a domain environment was agreed upon. In addition, the Internet (DSL) will be shared throughout the Cake House network using a Linksys Wireless Router.

Windows Vista Training
Train Signal, Inc. Scott Skinger 2 - Network Diagram (Before)

3 - Network Diagram (After)

Windows Vista Training
Train Signal, Inc. Scott Skinger

Course Setup
1. Windows Vista (Base System) 2. Windows Server 2003 (Remote Desktop) 3. Windows XP (Remote Desktop) 4. Windows Vista (Remote Desktop) 5. Windows Vista (Virtual PC)

Windows Vista Overview
1. Why do I need Vista? -Start Menu -Instant Search -Windows Aero -Security enhancements (UAC) -Parental Controls -Networking enhancements -BitLocker -Backup -File System enhancements -Applications (Windows Mail, Calendar, Meeting Space, Games) -50+ other new features -Cool Factor 2. Should you upgrade? -You need a new computer -Feature Love - $200+ to blow -Check your hardware & applications!

Windows Vista Training
Train Signal, Inc. Scott Skinger

Windows Vista Versions
1. Other Versions/Options 2. Home Versions 3. Business Versions 4. Pricing - Full vs. Upgrade

Other Versions/Options
Vista Starter

Very Stripped Down
Developing Countries, OEM - only ships on computers (not retail) Not available in the US, EU, Australia, Japan, etc. "N" Editions Designed to satisfy anti-trust agreements in the EU Home Basic & Business Editions Only Does not include Windows Media Player, Movie Maker, etc. Same price. Not popular. 32-bit vs. 64-bit Versions Starter edition is 32-bit only 32-bit & 64-bit DVDs come with Ultimate Home & Business must order 64-bit DVD (free + shipping) More RAM allowed (8GB/16GB/128 GB) Special 64-bit programs

Windows Vista Training
Train Signal, Inc. Scott Skinger

Vista Home Versions
Vista Home Basic No domain support (5 computer networks max) No Aero interface, Limited backup capabilities, No second monitor No Group Policy, No Offline Files, No Shadow Copy No Premium games, No DVD Maker, No Media Center Parental Controls, Movie Maker are in Home Basic & Home Premium Vista Home Premium No domain support (10 computer networks max) Everything you get in Home Basic PLUS: Aero interface, Media Center, DVD Maker, Second Monitor, Tablet PC About $40-$60 more than Home Basic (retail) Free at Dell Vista Ultimate Home or Business - We will cover this last

Vista Business Versions
Vista Business Domain support (or 10 computer peer-to-peer networks) 2 CPU (physical) support Group Policy, Offline files, IIS, Shadow Copy, System imaging/recovery No Media Center, No DVD Maker, No Movie Maker, No Parental Controls About $40-$60 more than Home Premium (retail) Vista Enterprise Essentially the same as Vista Business Volume Licensing customers, No retail Includes BitLocker, Language support (multiple/same time) Windows Ultimate All of the above and more Windows Ultimate Extras (Additional games, utilities and other "cool" stuff) About $100-$160 more than Home Premium (retail) About $60-$100 more than Vista Business (retail)

Upgrade Version Windows 2000 & XP users are eligible for upgrade version 9x. ME & NT users must purchase a full copy Upgrade doesn't necessarily mean "Upgrade" Anytime Upgrade Allows you to upgrade (unlock features) in a "higher" version Instant. Inc.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. download a new product key Not as cheap as buying the "right" version up front Version of Vista Home Basic Home Premium Business Ultimate Upgrade Price (retail) $100 $155 $195 $250 Full Price (retail) $200 $230 $285 $380 Anytime Upgrade Home Premium/Ultimate Ultimate Ultimate N/A . Scott Skinger Vista Upgrades & Pricing Full Version vs.

Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Inc. What are the "N" editions? . What Vista versions allow you to participate in a domain? 3. Scott Skinger What we covered Overview of Vista features Different versions of Vista Vista pricing What you should know 1. What version of Vista should you use if you need to have more than 4GB of RAM? 5. Who is the Vista Starter edition for? 2. What OSes are eligible for an upgrade license to Vista? 4.

Backup and Transfer of Settings 5. System Requirements 3. Very Important to Plan . has met with the consulting company and has laid our her plans for the network upgrade. the owner of Amy's Cake House. Here is what she has decided to do: -Order five new PCs from Dell with Vista Business edition (domain support) -Order one laptop from Dell with Vista Business edition -Attempt to upgrade the XP Pro PC to Vista Ultimate edition (or buy new system with Vista Ultimate) Installation Overview 1. The older systems will not support Windows Vista and they will be donated to a local school. Inc. Scott Skinger Windows Vista Installation Video Scenario Installation Overview System Requirements Installation Options Upgrade to Vista Clean Install of Vista After Installation Scenario Amy. Transfer settings .Foundation 2.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Check for problems & update 7. Installation 6. Upgrade or Clean Install 4.

Upgrade Carries Programs & Settings forward Problematic . Dual Boot (Clean Install) Keep both OSes (XP and Vista) Set up different partitions (recommended) Boot off of DVD (select "Custom (advanced)" option) Not accidentally blow out your partition Not worth the hassle . Clean Install (Recommended) Starting from scratch…everything is gone Backup Easy Transfer Wizard 3.Old PC Old Computer 1. Scott Skinger Home Premium or Business or Ultimate Editions CPU Minimum Requirements (Don’t even think about it!) Modern Processor (800Mhz or greater) My Recommended Configuration Intel Core 2 Duo or greater AMD Athlon 64 X2 or greater Memory Hard Drive 512MB 15GB free space 2GB or more 100GB or more of free space Graphics DirectX 9-capable graphics processor DirectX 9 capable with 256MB of RAM on card Yes DVD Drive Yes Installation Options . Inc.Not Recommended Upgrade Advisor Backup! 2.Windows Vista Training Train Signal.

upgrade to any edition of Vista XP Pro .upgrade only to Business or Ultimate editions of Vista XP Media Center . Clean Install (Recommended) Overwrite the factory install No OS on the PC originally or Build your own PC Upgrade to Vista Can you Upgrade? You can't upgrade all OSes 95. program settings (Easy Transfer Wizard) -Make a complete system backup -Launch setup from within Windows XP Clean Install of Vista Recommended System Requirements DVD drive Product key (not required immediately) User account name. computer name Backup your files (old PC) .Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Inc. ME & NT4 can not be upgraded (licensing) 2000 & XP 64-bit are licensed for upgrade. 98. Factory Install Vista is pre-installed on the computer Loaded with lots of junk! 2.upgrade only to Home Premium or Ultimate editions of Vista XP Tablet PC . clean install only! Which versions of XP can be upgraded? XP Home . Scott Skinger Installation Options .New PC New Computer 1. password.upgrade only to Business or Ultimate editions of Vista Ready to Upgrade? Steps to take: -Minimum system requirements -Run Upgrade Advisor (take action on recommendations) -Backup up important files.

What is the minimum/recommended amount of RAM for Vista Business/Ultimate? 8. using the Upgrade Advisor Easy Transfer Wizard How to Install Windows Vista What you should know 1. Does the Easy Transfer Wizard work on Windows 2000? 6. What versions of Windows can you perform a software upgrade from? 5. clean install. should you choose the Upgrade or Custom option? . Does the Easy Transfer Wizard transfer programs? 7. Scott Skinger After Installation Check Device Manger Windows Update Activation Install Programs Copy data & Transfer settings What we covered Minimum/Recommended System Requirements Different installation options (upgrade. If you want to dual boot. dual-boot) Upgrade path.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. What are some of the problems that come up when you upgrade to Vista? 2. If you are running Windows XP Pro. which versions of Vista can you upgrade to? 3. If you buy a Vista upgrade CD can you use this to perform a clean install? 4. Inc.

She has asked the consulting company to setup the desktops in a configuration that is easier for the users and to train them on the Vista interface. Welcome Center. Scott Skinger Windows Vista Interface Video Scenario Welcome Center. Start Menu & Task Bar Search AERO Interface Sidebar Control Panel    Scenario After using Windows Vista. Amy has realized how different it is than Windows XP or earlier OSes. Inc. Start Menu.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Task Bar & Search Welcome Center Start Menu Programs User Folders Sleep/Hibernate Customize Task Bar General Toolbars Task Manager Search Love it! .

3D Flip Home Premium. How do you use Flip 3D? 4.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Enterprise & Ultimate Window Color & Appearance Desktop Background Sidebar Windows Gadgets Customizable Downloads available Control Panel Overview & Navigation System & Maintenance . Open Transparent. Taskbar AERO Sidebar Control Panel What you should know 1. Sidebar & Control Panel AERO Interface Authentic. Scott Skinger AERO. How do you get to the old "My Computer"? 7. How do you prevent recently viewed documents from showing up in your start menu? . Reflective. How do you disable Windows Previews (thumbnails)? 10. glass-like Thumbnails. Business. Where do you go to see if your computer has been activated? 8. How do you add the Run program to the start menu? 3. How do you minimize the sidebar? 6. Energetic. Windows Flip. Inc. How do you make your computer "sleep"? 5. How do you change your desktop background? 9. What versions of Vista support AERO? 2.Performance What we Covered Start Menu.

General Information Local User Accounts User Account Control (UAC) User Management -Parental Controls -Group Policy Scenario During the transition from workgroup to domain.) and a Customized Profile  . Scott Skinger Users & Groups Video Scenario User Account . the consulting company has told Amy that local user account management will be very important and remain important even after switching to the domain environment.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. programs. Inc. While they will handle the "heavy lifting". User Account Overview -User account is needed to logon to a Vista system    ‐Security (limiting access to files. they have agreed to show Amy the essentials of what she needs to know in order to properly manage the network. etc.

Domain Accounts  Local  Workgroup/Peer‐to‐Peer/SMB Networks  No Domain. Scott Skinger Vista User Account Information  Users  Administrator & Guest accounts – disabled by default  Administrator account is created during install (your user account)   Groups  Group similar users for simplicity in assigning permissions and rights  Standard Users (users) and Administrators  Power Users have greatly diminished rights in Vista  Lots of groups. no centralized user account database  Local Accounts authenticate to the local system (locally significant)  No domain is specified (field won’t be present)     Domain  Most company networks (server)  Centralized logon.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Inc. you won’t use most  Local vs. allows access to multiple resources  Domain Logon – Domain or Local (computer name)  Scott (with domain specified below) or scott@cakehouse.local  .

Scott Skinger User Account Control NT4.Windows Vista Training Train Signal.microsoft. Windows 2000 & XP ‐ Basic Problem  Malware. Spyware.com/en-us/windowsvista/aa906022.com/en-us/windowsvista/aa906022.aspx> .aspx>    Credential Prompt Pasted from <http://technet.  Admin Approval Mode (Consent & Credential Prompt)  ‐Administrators log on with two SIDs (administrator and standard user)  Unidentified Program & Secure Desktop     Consent prompt Pasted from <http://technet. etc. Inc. Viruses.microsoft.

What accounts are disabled by default in Vista? 9. Inc.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. How do you change the minimum password length? 10. What is a good reason to use fast user switching? 4. How do you create a password reset disk? 7. The two ways/locations to manage user accounts 2. How do you reset a user's password? 6. Scott Skinger User Management User Accounts & Family Settings ‐Fast User Switching  ‐UAC Consent Mode  ‐Password Reset Disk  Parental Controls  Group Policy Settings (UAC & Password Policies) What we Covered What user accounts are used for Differences between Local & Domain accounts Different modes of User Account Control (UAC) Manage User accounts. Why is Secure Desktop important? 8. Parental Controls What you should know 1. How do you keep your child from visiting adult websites? 5. What are the two ways you can disable UAC? . What is an access token? 3.

Internet and more More Secure Centralized Administration General Information Requires a Windows Server license (approx.local Domain    Questions to Answer Why a domain? One User account to access files. Diagnose & Repair -ipconfig /all -ping Cakehouse. $800) Not an Internet domain Active Directory DNS Settings are VERY important Changes New User Accounts (domain) User Profile Group Policy Browsing/Searching Permissions/Rights . The Active Directory domain cakehouse. Network Connections 2.local has been added and it is time to convert the client computers over to the domain. printers. Network Sharing Center 1.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Sharing & Discovery 3. Scott Skinger Networking Video Scenario Network Sharing Center Domain Environment Cakehouse Domain Conversion Scenario The server has arrived at Amy's Cake House and the consulting company has installed Windows Server 2003 on it. Inc.

Transfer user profile (Easy Transfer Wizard. Where do you go to change the device driver? 10.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Create User Account in Domain (on SRV2003) 2. What is the difference between a "private" and a "public" network 9. Verify IP Address (DNS) Settings 3. Restart 5. Run the command that will give you IP (including DNS) settings 7. What is the ping command used for? 6. etc. What versions of Windows Vista can join a domain? 3. Log on with Domain Admin Account 6. How do you make your computer "discover" other computers 8. Join Domain (need DOMAIN administrator credentials) 4. Add User Account to local administrators group (optional) 7.) What you should know 1. Join a Vista computer to a domain 4. Name 3 advantages of a domain over a workgroup 2. Inc. How do you set up a modem connection to connect to the Internet? . Scott Skinger Steps to Convert to Domain 1. Add a domain user to a local group 5.

Sync Center & Mapped Network Drives Wireless Networks Scenario The cakehouse. Inc. Scott Skinger Mobile PC & Wireless Networking Video Scenario Mobile PC Settings Encryption .Windows Vista Training Train Signal. This will involve teaching her all about the features that are specific to a laptop and configuring wireless access so that Amy and future laptop users will have portable network access. Mobile PC Settings Windows Mobility Center Power Plans Display Settings Presentation Settings Sync Center Wireless Networking Settings Tablet PC Settings Replaces Windows XP Tablet PC Edition NOT included in Home Basic or Starter New Features: -Handwriting Recognizer .local domain is now setup and running great.Train Vista -Pen Flicks (for settings) .EFS & BitLocker BitLocker Offline Files. the hired guns at the consulting company are going to work on integrating Amy's laptop into the network. Next.

-Administrative Templates-Windows Components-BitLocker USB Memory Card would be your "startup" key.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. where the OS resides -BitLocker Drive Preparation Tool (Ultimate Extra) Hardware Requirements (one of these) -Computer with a TPM (Trusted Platform Module) v. needed every time you boot BitLocker Recovery Password should be created IMMEDIATELY and stored safely . 1.5 GB for the Active partition (system boots from this partition) -The second greater than 50 GB (not documented). Scott Skinger Data Encryption Used to protect sensitive files on your computer EFS Available in XP but revamped in Vista Works at the file level More flexible than BitLocker File name and directory structure are not protected NTFS Permissions still matter Can't protect the OS files BitLocker Only available in Enterprise or Ultimate Operates "beneath" the OS Only available on the system/boot partition (no other phd or volumes) On or Off (not set on a user by user basis) Ideal for business deployments or "simple" setups on a home PC Combine the two together for maximum protection of your whole PC BitLocker Partition Requirements Two partitions: -One greater than 1. Inc.2 or higher microchip Or -USB Memory Card BIOS Requirements -Must be compatible with TPM -Support boot off of a USB device Group Policy Settings Computer Config.

How to enable EFS on a file(s) 7. The purpose for setting up a wireless network without the SSID broadcasting 3. Scott Skinger Offline Files & Mapped Network Drives -Used to work on network files when you are offline -Local copies are stored and automatically synced up when you reconnect -Faster in Vista & "Ghost" files are now used -Most useful in a small network or "team" environment -Set up using the Sync Center Mapped network Drives -Saved shortcuts to network locations -Can be "scripted" or saved by a user -Use "virtual" drive letters to assign to folders Wireless Networks Configured in the Network & Sharing Center SSID .Windows Vista Training Train Signal. How to create a custom power plan using advanced settings 5. Versions of Vista is BitLocker available 6.WPA is preferred (more secure) Managing a Wireless Router What we Covered Power settings. Inc. Configure a sync partnership in the Sync Center 8. Setup a wireless router to require encryption . How to enable offline files on your computer 2.Service Set IDentifier Encryption . Presentation settings and more in Windows Mobility Center Differences between EFS and BitLocker Setup EFS and BitLocker Offline Files Setup wireless networks What you should know 1. The hardware requirements necessary to implement BitLocker 4.

The consulting company is going to give these users a quick lesson and walk them through some of the new enhancements to Vista. the users are a little bit confused. they ask. Scott Skinger Disk Management & File Systems Video Scenario Computer Management Console (Partitions/Volumes) Basic vs. Inc. "Why does everything look so different?". Dynamic Disks  Physical hard drives can be setup as either basic (default) or dynamic disks Basic Disks -Compatible (if dual booting with a pre-2000 OS or Linux) -Use partitions (instead of volumes) and logical drives -Limited number of partitions/drives -Probably no reason to change to Dynamic disks Dynamic Disks -Not compatible with pre-2000 OS or Linux -Use volumes instead of partitions and logical drives -Unlimited number of volumes -Allow for disk spanning and striping (NOT fault-tolerant) -One way conversion to Dynamic without data loss -Not available for laptops are removable storage (caution!) . Disk Management Overview -Computer Management Console or diskmgmt.msc -FSUtil and DiskPart are command line tools for more advanced administration -Up front planning & organization are the keys to success Physical Hard Drives Logical Volumes/Partitions Partitioning  Formatting with a File System  Basic vs.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Dynamic Disks Windows ReadyBoost New Windows Explorer New Search Scenario The network is running great! Unfortunately.

0 Flash Devices.New Disk Performance Features Windows ReadyBoost -Boosts system performance by using USB Flash devices as a source of caching -USB 2. CompactFlash Cards -Used in addition to the hard drive as system cache (up to 10 times faster) -Use one to three times the amount of RAM in your system -Plug in device.) slower File & Folder Management Explorer Interface Folder Options File Options Search . system applications (backup.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. NTFS -NTFS should (almost) always be used -Full format to ensure disk integrity -Formatting "erases" all data on the disk 3 . SD Cards. defrag. Scott Skinger Formatting your Partition/Volume -FAT16. AutoPlay option or Properties to start Windows ReadyDrive -Improves performance on laptops with a special (hybrid) drive -Hybrid drive uses flash RAM in addition to the hard drive -Longer battery life and faster wakeup from hibernation -Nothing to configure. etc. automatically on Windows SuperFetch -Windows service that dynamically improves system performance -Allocates more memory to user processes (over background processes) -Adjusts based on how the computer is used -User applications faster. Inc. FAT32.

folders and more What you should know 1. Create a spanned volume 5. SuperFetch File System Navigation Searching for files. Shrink a volume 6. Enable the "detail" view for your files and change the details shown 9. Convert a basic disk to a dynamic disk 2. Add a tag to a Microsoft Office file 4. Enable ReadyBoost on your system 7.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Perform a search for a file based on it being used in the last 30 days 8. Scott Skinger What we Covered Hard Drive & Partition Management Basic vs. Dynamic Disks ReadyBoost. What is the difference between partitions and volumes 10. What are the benefits of ReadyDrive? . ReadyDrive. Enable file extensions to be viewable 3. Inc.

3. In the past. Shared Folders & Permissions Overview Basic Premise: 1. We want to secure our information -Share permissions -NTFS permissions -Passwords. We want to share information with another person/computer -same computer.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. etc. Amy is trying to eliminate this and would also like to setup a network that effectively uses permissions to control access to folders/files. cakehouse users randomly shared files from their computers and gave each other their usernames and passwords. NTFS Permissions NTFS Permissions Inheritance. Inc. Ownership & Effective Permissions Scenario Amy is trying to determine exactly how to share files over the network. Pick the right method -Simple to complex -KISS -Test . Physical Security. Encryption. Scott Skinger Shared Folders & Permissions Video Scenario Basic Folder Sharing "Advanced" Folder Sharing Share vs. different users -different computers (across a network) at home -different computers (across a network) at work -different computers (across a network) over the Internet 2.

Advanced Sharing in Windows Explorer 3. Shared Folders Console 4. Scott Skinger Basic Sharing Ad Hoc Network Wireless Quick setup Temporary Gaming or simple file transfer Public Folder Sharing Good for home PCs or a shared PC situation Local or Network Access Local is ON. Net Share command -SRV2003 Shared Folders -Can be mapped to drive letters -Administrative shares have a $ . Share Wizard 2. Network is OFF (by default) Not very scalable (general permissions) You need a user account Recommended for single computers or very simple networks Sharing a Folder Share a folder other than the "Public" folder 1.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Inc.

. NTFS Permissions Share Permissions Work over the network only (not local) Set on folders only (not files) Permissions propagate down to all sub-folders/files Simple permissions Work in conjunction with NTFS Permissions NTFS Permissions Work over the network AND locally Set on folders and files More control of permissions Complex permissions Work in conjunction with Share Permissions Available on NTFS partitions only NTFS Permissions Overview General Info -Probably not necessary on a home pc. permission is denied. Inc. If the user or group does not have an ACE.The "ID card" that contains all of your SIDs (security identifiers from your user account and groups) ACL = access control list contains a list of the users and groups who have access to the file or folder and what their access is ACE = access control entry is located in the ACL and it contains an entry for the user or group.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. KISS -Username/Password are still VERY important -Shared data on a server -Don't mess with your boot/system drive…plenty secure How Permissions Work: Access Token . Scott Skinger Share vs.

modify. attributes.   . append to the file. append to the file. and execute the application. http://www. and permissions. execute. write. attributes.shtml     copying/moving in the next NTFS Folder Permissions Full Control Read. and permissions for files within the folder. write. change attributes. Write Write to the file. NTFS folder permissions and three slides. change attributes. Read Display the file's data. owner. Read & Execute Display the file's data. and change the file's attributes. Read Display the file's data. modify. permissions.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. and read or change its attributes. execute. owner.mcmcse. Modify Read. write. and permissions. and run applications in the folder. attributes. Inc. and execute files in the folder. owner. attributes. and execute files in the folder. and permissions.  Note: The following reference was used for the NTFS file permissions. List Folder Contents Display the folder's contents and display the data. owner. Modify Read. owner. Scott Skinger NTFS File Permissions Full Control Read. and run applications in the folder. and read or change its attributes. Read & Execute Display the folder's contents and display the data. attributes. modify. write. and take ownership of the folder or files within. Write Write to the file.com/microsoft/guides/ntfs_and_share_permissions. and take ownership of the file. permissions. modify. and change attributes of the folder or files within. and permissions for files within the folder.

DENY always wins. Inc. Inherited permissions are "grayed" out Notes on Inheritance: When files are moved within a NTFS partition. Their location is updated and they keep the same permissions. 4. select the MOST RESTRICRIVE permission. When files are copied within a NTFS partition. this creates new files and those files inherit permissions of the new folder. this creates new files and deletes the old ones. 2. Here are the NTFS and shared permissions to the folder C:\Shared Docs Group = HR NTFS Permission = Read Only SHARE Permission = DENY Group = Advertising NTFS Permission = Full Control Share Permission = Change Effective permission = Full Control (NTFS) and Deny (Share) Results = DENY --------------------------- .Windows Vista Training Train Signal. the files are not really moved. Ownership allows the user to set permissions. Go down the list of NTFS permissions and select the LEAST RESTRICTIVE permission.    Determining Effective Permissions Rules for Determining Effective Permissions 1. Between NTFS and SHARE permissions. Example #1: Sam is in the HR and Advertising groups. even when they don't have permissions. Scott Skinger Inheritance & Ownership Inheritance Any time you add a folder/file it inherits the permission settings from its parent folder. 3. Go down the list of SHARE permissions and select the LEAST RESTRICTIVE permission. Safety net for administrators. The new files will inherit the new folder's permissions. Ownership The creator of the file on the system. When files are moved from one NTFS partition to another.

How to enable the public folder 2. Here are the NTFS and shared permissions to the folder C:\Shared Docs Group = HR NTFS Permission = Full Control SHARE Permission = Read Only Group = Advertising NTFS Permission = Full Control Share Permission = Change Effective permission = Full Control (NTFS) and Change (Share) Results = Change What we Covered Basic Folder Sharing (Public folder) Ad Hoc Networks Shared Folders NTFS Permissions Inheritance. How to take ownership of a file . How to form an Ad Hoc network with another computer 4. Scott Skinger Example #2: Sam is in the HR and Advertising groups. How to set up a folder share 3. How to map a network drive 8. Calculate effective permissions on a share 5.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Ownership & Effective Permissions What you should know 1. How to assign NTFS permissions to a folder/file 6. Differences between share and NTFS permissions 7. Inc.

however. out of beta Anti-Virus -Windows OneCare or 3rd party offering . all managed from one place Not present in domain environments Some settings may be controlled through group policy Windows Update -Updated Windows Firewall -New & Improved -Inbound and outbound protection -Easy to use front-end. Scott Skinger Security in Windows Vista Video Scenario Security Center -Windows Update -Windows Firewall -Windows Defender Anti-Virus OneCare Scenario The cakehouse network is really taking shape and the users are online and using Vista without any initial problems. customizable back-end Windows Defender -Spyware prevention & removal tool -Simple to use. the consulting company want to secure the computers and make sure that network does not run into any problems with viruses and malware.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Before they get too used to it. Inc. Security Center Essential security programs.

Change your settings so Windows Updates do not install automatically 5. Inc.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Turn the Windows Firewall on/off 2. Configure a custom scan in Windows Defender 3. Schedule a backup in OneCare 7. Access the advanced firewall 8. Scott Skinger Anti-Virus Programs Lots of Options: -Norton's Anti-Virus (Symantec) -Mcaffe Anti-Virus -Trend Micro Windows Live OneCare -Microsoft's new offering -$40 to $50 for a 3 computer. firewall. How Network & Sharing Center and Windows Firewall interact . Uninstall an update in Windows update that is causing problems 4. anti-spyware. backup & pc tune-up -ISCA Labs certified The Bad -Beta tester -All-in-One solutions make me nervous -Red/Yellow "1" will make you crazy What we Covered Security Center -Windows Update -Windows Firewall -Windows Defender Anti-Virus OneCare What you should know 1. all-in-one keep you computer tune up -Includes anti-virus. anti-phising. one year subscription -Not just anti-virus. Configure a firewall exception to allow remote desktop connections 6.

Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Clear your Auto Complete settings 9. Change the default browser back to Internet Explorer 10. Scott Skinger Internet Explorer 7 Video IE 7 New Features .Options Internet Explorer . Enable 3rd party cookies . Inc.New Features Tabbed Browsing Quick Tabs Better Printing (scaling) Favorites Center Page Zoom RSS -Known as feeds. Name 3 programs that you can read RSS feeds in 5. How can you enable an unsigned Active X control to work in IE 7? 7. Enable/Disable anti-phishing 3. Subscribe to a RSS feed 2. XML feeds or syndicated content -Orange feed icon indicates that a feed is available -Automated way of getting web content…the info comes to you -Read using Internet Explorer. Use Quick Tabs 4.New Features RSS Internet Explorer . What is the trusted sites zone for? 6. RSS Internet Explorer . Change the default RSS feed check to 30 minutes 8. RSS feeds.Tabbed Browsing.Internet Options Internet Explorer – Security What you should know 1.Security Internet Explorer 7 . Windows Live. Outlook -Favorites Center in IE 7 -RSS settings on content tab What we Covered Internet Explorer . Google Reader.

Windows Vista Training Train Signal. won’t work correctly on Vista. Amy also wants to make sure that users can run all of their applications with standard user accounts. However. Scott Skinger Running Software in Vista Scenario Installing Programs.Programs in Vista Classifying programs in Vista Running legacy applications Application elevation prompts and run levels Troubleshooting Vista software installation Scenario The network and the Vista computers are all running smoothly on the cakehouse network. software has been a little bit of a problem. an accounting package. Programs and Features Install/Uninstall/Update Enabling Windows features Windows Marketplace Digital Locker Default Programs -Global default programs -User specific default programs -File associations -AutoPlay options Programs in Vista SideShow Sidebar Windows Email/Calendar/Contacts Fax and Scan Movie Maker Photo Gallery Meeting Space Snipping Tool . Default Settings New and Improved . Amy is concerned that her old legacy application. Inc.

exe) can be "run as" administrator Administrator Applications -core administrative tasks (i. calendar. Scott Skinger Microsoft Live Services  Windows Live Office Live  Xbox Live     Program Classifications Vista Compliant Software Legacy Software Vista Compliant Software -all programs within Vista -Other Microsoft and 3rd Party programs . c:\windows and program files) . disk management. firewall) -require elevated privileges or they won't run -able to write to system/registry (i.Certified for Windows Vista -retail box features logo -programs must be able to run with a standard user token Standard User Applications -most Vista applications (i. etc) run as a standard user -run by administrators using their standard user access token -standard user applications (cmd.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Inc.e.e. sidebar.e.

Upgrade Installing Software    Installing the application:  1. Scott Skinger Legacy Applications -any program that is not Vista compliant certified -may run without a problem -applications should be thoroughly tested before migrating    Getting "Old" Programs to run on Vista 1. Other options     4.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Install only one application at a time  6. anti‐virus disabled  4. have you tested it?  3. If not Vista compliant. Test  . You must have an admin account  2. Virtual Machine Programs A. Vista compliant application  2a. Inc. MS Virtual PC B. Backup and System Restore prepared  5. All other programs closed. File & Registry Virtualization -some user programs have to be run as admins in XP & Vista -programs are run as standard users in Vista -application writes to a virtual system/registry location -copy of files/registry key are stored in the user's profile -application reads/writes from these virtual files -transparent to the application 2. VMware Workstation C. Application Compatibility Settings ‐install an application using the program compatibility wizard  ‐run a program in application compatibility mode  3.

com>    Application is blocked from running  ‐blocked publisher or policy      Administrative Application -"Windows needs your permission" -blue/green background Trusted Publisher -"A program needs your permission to continue" -trusted by your computer -gray background Unsigned/Not yet Trusted -"A unidentified program wants to access your computer" -yellow background (red shield). Inc. .Windows Vista Training Train Signal.microsoft. Scott Skinger    Pasted from http://technet2.

Run as administrator (right click application) 2. then advanced button -create a desktop shortcut Troubleshooting Applications Managing Startup/Running Programs Software Explorer in Windows Defender Task Manager Msconfig    Failed Installation Message . Run System application as administrator -shortcut tab. Inc. Scott Skinger Application Run Levels 1. Run Non-System application as administrator -compatibility mode (tab) 3.Windows Vista Training Train Signal.

Install an application using the application compatibility wizard 3. Task Manger. Change a file extension to be associated with a different program 10. Msconfig What you should know 1. Use task manager to end a process 7. Use Windows Defender to see what programs are running on your system 6. How does a software program become Vista compliant? 8. Scott Skinger What we Covered New programs in Vista Meeting Space Setting global/individual defaults for programs Installing/Uninstalling/Upgrading programs Different alternatives to get legacy applications to work Application elevation prompts and run levels Software Explorer. Run a program as an administrator (one time) 4. Uninstall a program 2. Change the global defaults for the default email program 9. Add a new Windows Vista feature . Run a program as an administrator (create shortcut) 5. Inc.Windows Vista Training Train Signal.

you don't need to be logged on -Include things like Windows Firewall. desktop locks. Parental Control. Cleanup) System Properties Performance Monitor Event Viewer Scenario Everything is working great on the cakehouse network. port 3389 Services -System programs that run in the background and make Vista "work" -Run as part of the OS. DNS Client -Launched with services.msc . Remote Administration Remote Desktop -remote desktop management -disabled by default -faster connections in Vista -if same user is logged on. Compression. port 3389 Remote Assistance -desktop control (good for helpdesk problems) -disabled by default -invitations are sent allowing access to computer for a limited time -RDP. server is setup. otherwise a new session is opened -RDP.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. software is installed and the network is secure. Inc. Internet is working. Scott Skinger Administering Windows Vista Remote Desktop & Remote Assistance Services Task Manager Task Scheduler Disk Quotas Disk Tools (Defrag. It is now time for Amy to learn a little bit about administering and managing the network.

service & performance Task Scheduler -Automation of tasks Disk Quotas -Allow you to limit disk storage space on a per user level -NTFS volumes/partitions only -Configured on a volume by volume basis -Configured by local or domain administrators only -More common on a network file server Disk Tools Disk Cleanup -volume by volume basis -deletes files that MAY not be necessary Disk Compression -NTFS volumes only -Can't be used with encryption Disk Error Checking -Scan the hard disk for errors Disk Defragmentation -Put data "back together" again System Properties . Scott Skinger Services are More Secure in Vista -unnecessary services are turned off -reduced privileges.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. just enough permission to do their job -Service Isolation (can only modify a few items) Managing Services -Starting/Stopping/Restarting/Disabling Task Manager -Manage applications. Inc.

Send a remote assistance invitation 4. Compression.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Check the stability of your machine using performance monitor 9. Scott Skinger Visual Effects Processor Scheduling Virtual Memory Data Execution Prevention (DEP) Performance Monitor & Event Viewer -Measure and monitor system performance in real-time or historically -Added Reliability feature to show system stability Event Viewer -Used to troubleshoot and monitor health of systems -divided into several logs including. Inc. System What we Covered Remote Desktop & Remote Assistance Services Task Scheduler Disk Quotas Disk Tools (Defrag. Enable disk quotas on a volume 2. Start/Stop services 5. Use disk cleanup to free up disk space on a volume . Application. Enable remote desktop 3. Cleanup) Virtual Memory Performance & Reliability Monitor Event Viewer What you should know 1. Configure custom disk quota entries 6. Create a task in task scheduler 8. Troubleshoot a system error using event viewer 10. Name the port used with remote desktop/assistance 7. Security.

but she wants to learn the ins and outs first. She already has some new hardware devices that she would like to add to a few computers. including: -BITS -Superfetch -Task Scheduler -Windows Error Reporting Service New support policies in group policy. Amy needs to know how to manage and add new hardware in Vista. Hardware in Vista -Much easier to manage…most of the time it just works -Some problems early on (OS and 3rd Party Vendors) Automated Help & Support -Detects hardware/software issues and proactively tries to fix the problem -Checks for updated device drivers -Problem Reports and Solutions Many Windows services dedicated to support. including: -Corrupted File Recovery -Disk Diagnostic -Application Compatibility Alerts . Scott Skinger Hardware and Printing Hardware in Vista Hardware Installation Device Manager Troubleshooting Hardware Other Hardware Printing Scenario In order to better manage the network. Inc.Windows Vista Training Train Signal.

Inc. Browse your Computer (download from manufacturer) Device Manager Control Panel. Sounds Cards.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Looks in Pre-Configured Drivers B. Restart and try again -How much is your time & sanity worth? -Stay away from brand new drivers if you have a working device! . Advanced Settings Driver Signing -Microsoft digitally signs device drivers that ship with Vista -Less likely to be unstable and crash system -<systemroot>\system32\driverstore -Unsigned drivers can be controlled through group policy: User config\administrative templates\system\driver installation Add Hardware Wizard -Used to add legacy. devmgmt. Computer Management.msc  -Manage system devices. Administrative Tools. Pull the device. Hardware CD-Rom C. etc. -Troubleshoot. Display Adapters. Update Drivers. browsing to the location -Download a new driver from the manufacturer -XP drivers often work -Turn the machine off. non-plug n' play devices Troubleshooting Hardware -Reinstall the device driver manually. including NICs. Scott Skinger Hardware Installation Pre-Existing Devices (included with your computer) -Vista has a large supply number of drivers -New devices drivers are located through Windows Update -Windows Update Driver Settings must be enabled -Sometimes they are included as Optional Updates New Devices (you add yourself) -Most devices are plug n' play and just work -Found New Hardware dialog box: A.

A buffer that holds print jobs until they are ready to be printed. Printer .A physical piece of equipment that produces printed documents.A computer that manages one or more shared printers. Printer Setup Ways to install Plug n' Play (Local) Login Script (Network) Automatic Install (Network) Add Printer Wizard (Local or Network) . Print Server . Scott Skinger Control Panel Options Display Settings PC Cards & USB Devices Hardware and Sound Sound Mouse Scanners & Camera Keyboard Phone and Modem  Game Controller  Tablet PC Settings  Color Management  Date & Time  Ease of Access Setup and enable accessibility settings in Vista     Printing Print Device . Print queue . It can also be a device like a HP Jetdirect print server. Inc.The software interface between the OS & the print device. This is what the user sees on the screen of the computer.Windows Vista Training Train Signal.

Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Downloadable for XP and Server 2003 What we Covered Hardware in Vista Hardware Installation Device Manager Troubleshooting Hardware Other Hardware Printing What you should know 1. Change the device driver of a network card 9. Install a non-plug n' play device (legacy) 3. What is driver signing for? 5. Manually install a hardware device 2. Configure the magnifier 7. Scott Skinger Types of Printers Local – Physically connected to local PC Network – Access the print device via the network Wireless/Bluetooth .Connect to a wireless printer Sharing Printers From Vista or a server OS (make drivers available) Microsoft XPS Documents -Like Adobe PDF files -Print to a file -Built into Vista. Change the refresh rate of your display adapter . Do XP drivers work for Vista? 6. Set up a local printer 8. Inc. Install a network printer 4. Rollback your device driver to a working version 10.

Test! -Does it work? Can you restore information easily? flexibly? .Windows Vista Training Train Signal. She realizes that if she lost her recipes. client list and accounts receivable data she would be out of business. External hard drive? 3. Multiple points of failure -What if your backup external hard drive is stolen or doesn't work? -What if you only need to restore one file? 4. Create an easy system -Full backups every day? Tape drive. Inc. Backups are Important! -Lose irreplaceable personal/business data -Loss of time and money recreating -Put small companies out of business Get a Plan 1. Amy is all ears as the team is telling her about her options. Scott Skinger Backing up your System Backups are Important! Backup and Restore Center System Protection Troubleshooting Vista Other options for backup Scenario After talking to the computer consulting team about backing up and restoring data on the network. Get Organized -What needs to be backed up? Not system files and software -separate data partition -What about large amounts of data? 2. Amy is scared. DVD.

Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Scott Skinger Backup & Restore Center Backup & Restore ‐To back up data files on your computer (not system files.  Individual files/folders can then be  accessed!    System Protection System Restore -Snapshot of computer's system configuration -Most useful for recovering from software/driver installation problems -Will take your computer back to the restore point in time -Does NOT recover (or overwrite) data files -Enabled on a volume by volume basis -Restore points (also called snapshots or system checkpoints) are automatically created by Vista: A. Before you restore a system using System Restore or Backup E. Inc. etc. When you install an unsigned device driver D. program files. VHDMount. When you install a program B.VHD files (Virtual PC/Server) which can be mounted to a drive  letter using a Virtual  Server tool. Manually (when you decide) -THIS IS NOT A BACKUP SUBSTITUTE .)  ‐Very easy to use  ‐Can not specify files/folders to backup…sigh!  ‐Restore functionality is clumsy  ‐Overall lack of basic flexibility     Windows PC Complete Backup & Restore ‐Complete system backup/image  ‐Can back up all local drives on your computer  ‐NTFS partitions or DVD only  ‐Takes up a lot of space  ‐Not available in Home Basic or Premium  ‐Can be restored from a Windows Recovery Environment (boot off DVD)  ‐You can only restore volumes (not individual files/folders)  ***Workaround***  ‐This tool creates . When you use Windows Update C.

Selective diagnostics Windows Recovery Environment (Windows RE) -Diagnostic/Repair tool that AUTOMATICALLY tries to fix boot problems -Recovers from problems such as registry corruptions. Scott Skinger Previous Versions (Shadow Copies) -Requires system protection (System Restore) to be turned on -Created automatically as part of a system restore -Not available on system folders/files -Shadow copies are copies of files/folders that have changed -Backup copies are copies of files/folders that are included in a backup -THIS IS NOT A BACKUP SUBSTITUTE Troubleshooting Windows Problems Safe Mode . System Restore .Windows Vista Training Train Signal. reinstall drivers. select Startup Repair Tool -Attempts to fix problem using a cache of system files or a system restore point Other Backup Options Windows Live OneCare -a little (very little) bit better than Windows Backup -You can at least see the files/sizes of the potential backup set Acronis -What Windows backup should be .Good for device driver problems (especially display adapters). missing OS boot files system file corruptions -Loaded automatically by creating a boot partition with Windows RE -Accessible by booting from the DVD. Inc. Allows you to troubleshoot. Starts the system with a bare minimum configuration. corrupt file systems. rollback drivers. etc.Quick and effective MSconfig .

Create a manual system restore point 7. Restore your PC using WindowsRE 9. Use System Restore to load an earlier system checkpoint 6. Use Msconfig to perform a selective "safe" boot 10.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Scott Skinger What we Covered Backups are Important! Backup and Restore Center System Protection Troubleshooting Vista Other options for backup What you should know 1. Restore you backup to a different volume 3. Use the Windows Recovery Environment to troubleshoot a boot problem 8. Inc. Start a full system backup of just pictures and documents 2. Use previous versions to restore a file 5. When are System Restore points automatically created? . When would you use Windows PC Complete Backup & Restore 4.

gpmc. Group Policy Overview -Used in an Active Directory domain and on local computers to efficiently deploy software.msc -800 Plus new settings to configure . Inc. Scott Skinger Group Policy in Windows Vista Group Policy Overview What is different in Vista Group Policy vs. The last thing she would like to do is restrict access to certain settings and programs to ensure that her employees aren't "distracted" by components on their computers that are unnecessary for them to complete their jobs.Windows Vista Training Train Signal. implement policy and more on both user and computers -Very simple to use yet can also be very complicated -Lots of planning and testing! How Group Policy in Vista is Different -Group Policy is now its own service. more secure and more reliable -Multiple local GPOs -ADMX instead of ADM files (XML files. configure settings. Local Group Policy Group Policy Examples Configuring Multiple local GPOs Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) Scenario Amy is very happy with her decision to revamp her network and upgrade to Vista. central store/updates) -Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) .

Windows Vista Training Train Signal.msc or create a snap-in from the MMC -computer configuration effects the whole computer -user configuration effects users (more important in a domain) -Local Security Policy…a subset of your local group policy Group policy Examples Password policies User Account Control Settings Turn off Windows Sidebar & Windows Mail . Scott Skinger Group Policy vs. site and organizational unit levels -Local security policy can be used in a domain environment but is not as efficient as using group policy on Active Directory objects Local Group Policy -policy that is configured on each computer separately -available in a domain and workgroup environment -considered a local group policy object (GPO) -domain policies will override local policies IF they are conflicting Group Policy Specifics -use gpedit. Inc. Local Policy Group Policy -Referring to an Active Directory domain environment -Not available in a workgroup environment -Policy is set at a "higher" level effecting lots of users/computer -Policy can be set at the domain.

Windows Vista Training Train Signal. Set the minimum password length to a minimum of 6 characters 2. Configure a policy that restricts access to the Windows sidebar 3. Local Group Policy Group Policy Examples Configuring Multiple local GPOs Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) What you should know 1. What command do you use to enforce a group policy immediately? . Configure the same policy for two different users with two different settings 6. More efficient/secure) Group Policy vs. Explain the differences between Group Policy and Local Group Policy 4. Inc. Use the GPMC to manage group policy from Vista 7. Disable Windows Mail on your computer 8. Scott Skinger Additional Group Policy Information Multiple Local GPOs -probably not needed in a domain environment -helpful on a shared computer -Use the MMC and add the Group Policy Object Editor snap-in Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) -Add the GPMC snap-in from the MMC -Very handy tool used to manage Group Policy from a Vista computer What we Covered What is different in Vista (ADMX. How are ADMX files helpful? 5.

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