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World of Bats

Your Buyer’s Guide from NHBS:

- Introduction to bat detection
- Choosing the right detector
- Recording and analysing calls
- Essential bat books
- Field kit and accessories Global service - we
Over 110,000 wildlife ship around the
books and fieldwork world every day.
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Bat Detection Summer 2010

Your buyer’s guide from NHBS

Of the world’s 5,400
species of mammals,
more than 1,100 are bats.
Bats are a fascinating group of animals which account for around one-fifth of the
world’s mammals. They are also the only mammals capable of powered flight and
live in most parts of the world. There is a great deal of variation in what different spe-
cies of bat look like – ranging from a fruit bat with a wingspan of up to 1.5 meters and
weighing around 1kg to the bumblebee bat weighing in at about 2g. While most bats
feed on insects or fruit, others eat fish, drink nectar or even blood!

One of the greatest mysteries surrounding bats was how they found their way around and located their food in the
dark. It was only relatively recently discovered that many species of bat are able to orientate in the dark by emitting
very short, but loud, pulses of high pitched sound called ‘ultrasound’. This behaviour – echolocation – works in a
similar way to sonar on submarines. Bats listen to the echoes that return from their calls to construct images of their
surroundings. In order to ‘see’ where they are going, bats can emit up to 15 – 20 calls per second at a volume that can
be louder than the sound heard when standing next to a jet aircraft taking off.

The development of electronic devices (‘bat detectors’) that convert ultrasound into sounds that the human ear can
detect has been a major breakthrough in making it possible to listen to bats. Due to the different environments bats
feed in, and the variety of food they eat, each species has developed echolocation calls that are specialised to their
needs. Listening to these calls is fascinating because it provides an opportunity to identify many different bat species
and to get insight into the behaviour of these otherwise very elusive animals.

All of the 17 species of bat found in the UK use ultrasonic echolocation calls to orientate, for communication, and of-
ten for finding food. Using a bat detector at night is an ideal way to discover what bats are flying in your garden, local
woods, or even around streetlights in towns and villages.

It has never been easier to try detecting bats in your garden or

local wildlife patch. The wide range of devices available suits all
levels of interest from beginner to professional and entry-level
models are available at very reasonable prices. By adding a digital
recorder to your kit you can record and share your bat calls in MP3
format, send them by email and put them online. The right kit will
last you many years – enjoy your bat detecting!

By Jon Flanders
Jon, who studied at the University of Bristol, is a member of ‘The
Bat Ecology and Bioacoustics Lab’, an organisation conducting re-
search on the ecology, behaviour and conservation biology of bats.
The 3 types of detector
How they work, their advantages and disadvantages, and their usage
Heterodyne Bat Detectors
How do they work?
Heterodyne detectors combine the incoming bat call with a constant signal generated within the detector so that the
sum and different frequencies are generated. For instance a bat call at 45 kHz (end frequency for a Common Pip-
istrelle) and internal frequency of 43 kHz produces output frequencies of 2 kHz and 88 kHz. The 88 kHz frequency is
inaudible and is filtered out and the 2 kHz frequency is fed to a loudspeaker or headphones.

Advantages Disadvantages
+ The least expensive and best for beginners. - No sound analysis possible.
+ Exaggerates frequency changes of bat calls. - Narrow frequency band means species outside range can
+ Allows sound recording of calls for playback. be missed.
+ Allows real time analysis of calls. - Tuning is continually required.
+ Immediately determine approximate frequency of the - Louder bats can bias population estimates as they are
ultrasound. most frequently heard by heterodyne detectors.
+ With expertise they allow immediate identification.
+ Easy to recognise Doppler shift (bats in flight).
+ Able to detect bats at long distances.

The user estimates the species likely to be present and tunes to the appropriate frequency, once call is heard the frequency is
Usage adjusted until the clearest sound is heard (much like tuning in a radio!). Heterodyne detectors are recommended for non-profes-
sional surveys, or in professional surveys when used with other detector types.

Frequency Division Bat Detectors

How do they work?
Frequency Division (FD) bat detectors output sound which is a fraction (typically 1/10th) of a bat call. They work by con-
verting a bat call into a square wave then dividing it by 10 to produce an audible square wave. For example, an inaudible
40kHz, is output at an audible 4kHz.These sounds can be recorded and used with sound analysis software.

Advantages Disadvantages
+ Requires no tuning when in FD mode. - Frequency changes in calls not exaggerated (unlike het-
+ Broadband recording means that all frequencies are erodyne), which reduces ability to identify species.
detected at once. - All calls are heard at same time, which can make it difficult
+ Records continually so nothing can be missed. to distinguish species.
+ Allows for more calls to be recorded within a given - Picks up all ultrasound signals, can ‘clutter’ calls.
time period than TE - reduces missed calls and false - Sound analysis made using these recordings not as good
identification. as those made with TE detectors.
+ Recordings can be used for sound analysis. - Louder bats can bias population estimates as they are the
+ Preserves rhythm of calls, which can be helpful in aid- most frequently heard.
ing identification.

Dual FD/heterodyne detectors are useful for professional consultancy surveys and transects, especially as many detectors include
Usage a function to record voice notes, and all calls missed using the heterodyne function can be seen and measured on a sound analysis
later. These detectors are able to provide identification to a standard that is adequate for determining the quantity of a species.

Time Expansion Bat Detectors

How do they work?
Time expansion (TE) detectors work by making a digital recording of a bat call at a high sampling rate and then
replaying it at a lower rate afterwards. Most detectors allow the rate to be varied between 10, 20 or 30x slower.

Advantages Disadvantages
+ Broadband recording means that all frequencies are - Doesn’t provide real-time/continual recording, which
detected at once. means less accuracy and some bats may be missed.
+ Unlike other detectors, it uses original signal, preserv- - Whilst a recording is being played back nothing is being
ing the whole waveform, making analysis easier and recorded, so bat calls are sampled in small segments
more accurate. - Automatic recording (possible to use manual) initiatied by
+ Recordings can be used for the most accurate sound false triggers (non-bat ultrasound) can be an annoyance.
analysis of any type of detector. - As with other types of detectors: louder bats can bias
population estimates as they are the most frequently heard.

The user has several options with this detector. Firstly, they can use the heterodyne function as normal and record the TE output
Usage for sound analysis later. Secondly, they can listen directly to TE output. Lastly stereo headphones can be used to simultaneously
monitor both the TE and heterodyne output.
Choosing the right detector

Magenta BatBox Magenta Batbox

Mini 3 Batbox III D Duet
Bat 4 Baton Bat 5
Heterodyne P P P P P
Frequency Division P P
Time Expansion
LCD Screen P P P P
Illuminated Display P P P P P
Headphone socket P P P P P
Output socket* Fixed level Fixed level Fixed level Fixed level Fixed level 2 channel
Batteries** 4xAAA 1x9v 4xAAA 2xAA 1x9V 1x9V
Frequency Range 10-130kHz 17-120kHz 15-130kHz 15-160kHz 19-125kHz 17-125kHz
Bandwidth (+/-) 9kHz N/A 9kHz 4kHz >16kHz >16kHz
Microphone Type Wide Band Electret Wide Band Broadband Electret
Electret Electret Electret Condenser
Weight (inc.battery) 154g 81g 164g 230g 240g 256g
NHBS Reference # #171848 #177263 #171849 #171622 #175131 #175132

Due August ‘10

Pettersson Pettersson Pettersson Pettersson Pettersson Batbox
D-100 D-200 D-230 D-240X D-1000X *** Griffin
Heterodyne P P P P P P
Frequency Division P P P
Time Expansion P P P
LCD Screen P P P P P
Illuminated Display P P P P P P
Headphone socket P P P P P P
Output socket* Fixed level, Fixed level, Fixed level, Fixed level, Fixed level, Fixed level,
2 channel 2 channel 2 channel 2 channel 2 channel 2 channel
Batteries** 1x9V 1x9V 1x9V 1x9V 5xAA 4xAA
Frequency Range 10-120kHz 15-120kHz 10-120kHz 10-120kHz 32-768kHz 16-190kHz
Bandwidth (+/-) 8kHz 8kHz 8kHz 8kHz 8kHz TBC
Microphone Type Electret plus Electret Electret Advanced Electret Electret
2x ceramic condenser condenser electret condenser condenser
Weight (inc.battery) 220g 150g 160g 170g 600g TBC
NHBS Reference # #175027 #175029 #175030 #175031 #175032 #180327

Also available Pettersson Designed to be left in the field for up to two weeks, the D-500X detects the full
D-500X spectrum of ultrasound and records in real time. Thus, it provides much more
for long-term
detailed data than either frequency division or time expansion detectors, and is
monitoring: #178758
particularly good at detecting those ‘hard to detect’ species such as the Brown
Long-eared bat.
* Can be output to tape recorder, mp3 player with input feature etc. *** Built to order.
** Note that it is possible to use rechargeable versions of each type of battery.
Features in-depth
Other factors to consider while choosing your bat detector
Type of Microphone and Frequency Range
The type of microphone used in a detector determines its sensitivity. Electret microphones are
most sensitive at low
frequencies (<30 kHz). Piezo microphones are particularly sensitive around 45 kHz, whilst
capacitance microphones do best at frequencies greater than 80 kHz. All good detectors are
able to scan a frequency range of 20 to 120 kHz, meaning that all models will detect all Eu-
ropean species. Thus, regardless of the microphone, you will be able to detect any species.
The only difference is that if you have a piezo microphone (optimally operating at low frequen-
cies) the distance you can detect a bat operating at high frequencies (e.g. lesser horseshoe)
will be less than if you have a capacitance microphone. Some detectors improve sensitivity by
combining more than one type of microphone, such as the Pettersson D-100 with its combined
electret-piezo microphones.

Tuning and Reading Frequencies

If constantly scanning up and down the frequency range, such as when using heterodyne
detectors for non-specific species surveys, users may prefer larger frequency dials to smaller
ones as larger dials can be rotated quicker.
Detectors will usually offer one of two methods for reading off the frequency; either an LCD
(Liquid Crystal Display) screen or a graduated plastic dial. LCD screens are easier to read
and can provide a more accurate frequency reading. Regardless of how the frequency is dis-
played, be it on the manual dial or LCD screen, there should ideally be a light source to enable
the user to read the frequency without the need for an external light source.

Recording Calls
You can record bat calls from a bat detector on to most commercially available recording
devices. Ideally the recorder should have a ‘line in’ socket to ensure the sound quality from
the detector is preserved. If recording from a frequency division or time expansion detector,
you can then use sound analysis software to identify species. The recording is turned into a
sonogram (sound graph) on your computer for subsequent analysis. To transfer recordings
from your recorder to your computer, the computer must have a ‘line in’ socket, which most
modern computers now have (some laptops combine the ‘line in’ and ‘mic’ socket, which is
also fine to use).

Listening to Calls
Most bat detectors have both an inbuilt speaker and socket for headphones. The speaker allows multiple users to listen to
the same detector, such as when on bat walks. Using headphones rather than the speaker provides better sound quality
and allows you to hear the weakest bat signals. Background noise interference is reduced when the speaker is not produc-
ing sound. If using stereo headphones, some bat detectors allow you to hear the heterodyne output in one ear and the
frequency division output in the other.

When using heterodyne detectors, the bandwidth can be an important consideration for the user. A small bandwidth
(e.g. 4 kHz) makes it easier to judge where a call starts or finishes, which can be useful when targeting a specific
species. Conversely, larger bandwidths increase the likelihood of detecting a species when undertaking a general survey.
For example, a detector with a bandwidth of 10 kHz, when tuned to 50 kHz, will cover 45 - 55 kHz simultaneously. Finally,
remember the size of the bandwidth does not influence the ability to tune in accurately to a particular frequency.

Stereo Jack to Jack Cable Lead

Don’t forget your cable! This 3.5mm Jack (headphone jack) to 3.5mm jack cable lead
is 1.2m long. It is suitable for conecting all our bat detectors to
any of our sound recording devices.

Cable Lead #176857

Bat Equipment Catalogue Summer 2010

“Our passion for wildlife drives forward everything we do at NHBS: adding to the world’s largest range
of natural history books (over 110,000 titles), stocking our warehouse, helping customers and packing
up orders for dispatch around the world – all of this is powered by a company-wide enthusiasm for the
world’s flora and fauna.”


Magenta Pettersson D-240X Batbox BatScan v 9.8
The Magenta Bat 4 is a Superhet- The D240x combines Time Expan- Software optimised for use
erodyne Bat Detector developed sion and Heterodyne detection with the Batbox Duet, but also
from years of feedback from users methods allowing detection across for use with other TE and FD
of earlier models. (Bat 5 has LCD all frequencies. detectors.
Bat Detector #175031 £1099.00
CD #176795 £23.99
Bat 4 #171848 £59.95
Bat 5 #171849 £89.95 Batbox Griffin* Pettersson’s BatSound v4.0
Bat Detector Case #181818 £7.99
The Griffin has been designed to BatSound is an efficient, high-
Batbox III D provide all the required functions for performance tool which includes
The Batbox III D is a heterodyne studying and surveying bat popula- a number of features particu-
bat detector, which incorporates tions. *Due August ‘10 larly useful to analyze bat calls
the latest technology, whilst retain- Bat Detector #180327 £1495.00 recorded from a bat detector.
ing all the best qualities of its Pettersson D-1000X Single User Licence CD #177310 £279.99
predecessor. The D-1000X combines Time 2 User Licence CD #185638 £389.99
Bat Detector #175131 £169.99 Expansion, Frequency Division and 3 User Licence CD #185639 £449.99
5 User Licence CD #185640 £549.99
Mini-3 Heterodyne detection with a built-in
The Mini-3 Bat Detector has
Compact Flash “tape recorder”. Pettersson BatSound v4.0 Upgrade
a twist-on directional horn for Bat Detector #175032 £4500.00
This upgrade option can be used to
increased range and sensitivity. RECORDING DEVICES upgrade older versions of BatSound
H2 Handy Recorder software to Batsound version 4.0.
Bat Detector #171622 £149.99
This high quality, easy to use and Upgrade #182627 £135.00
Pettersson D-100 cost effective sound recorder is ideal GLOVES
The D-100 is a high quality het- for use with bat detectors.
Animal Handling Gloves
erodyne detector employing three Recorder #184062 £179.99
Extremely comfortable, supple,
microphones of two types to offer Roland R-05 Stereo Recorder ultra-light gloves designed for
maximum sensitivity. precision tasks that require optimal
The compact R-05 is easy to use,
Bat Detector #175027 £225.00 affordable, and packed with big-ticket dexterity and safety.
features that raise the bar in its price Small #180464 £4.85
Pettersson D-200 Medium #180465 £4.85
This advanced heterodyne bat Large #180466 £4.85
Recorder #186214 £209.99
detector has a backlit digital dis-
Extra Large #180467 £4.85
Silicone Rubber Case #186225 £19.99
play and an exceptionally sensitive Carrying Pouch #186226 £39.99 Iowa Latex Gloves
microphone. ENDOSCOPES High performance latex disposable
Bat Detector #175029 £299.99 SeeSnake Inspection Camera II gloves for general lab and field use.
FREQUENCY DIVISION DETECTORS Each box contains 100 gloves.
Make visual inspections of Small #180472 £5.99
Batbox Baton hard-to-reach nests, bat Medium #180473 £5.99
The Baton is an economic but boxes and burrows. A field Large #180474 £5.99
versatile bat detector that uses ecologist’s best friend! Extra Large #180475 £5.99
frequency division to detect all SeeSnake Inspection Camera II #175039 £249.99
species simultaneously.
SeeSnake Extension Cable Gripseal Bags
Bat Detector #177263 £75.00 Grip-Seal Sample Bags with write
Suitable for use with any SeeSnake endoscope
Batbox Duet inspection camera, this extension cable will on panels.
The Batbox Duet is a dual-mode increase the reach of the SeeSnake. Small (Qty 100) #180139 £2.50
Small (Qty 1000) #180142 £22.49
bat detector, using both het-
3ft Extension Cable #184846 £39.99 Medium (Qty 100) #180141 £2.99
erodyne and frequency division
6ft Extension Cable #184847 £74.99 Medium(Qty 1000) #180144 £26.99
methods. Large (Qty 100) #180140 £4.50
Bat Detector #175132 £275.00 LCD Camera/Video Inspection Endoscope Large (Qty 1000) #180143 £40.50

Pettersson D-230 A 1m flexible endoscope allowing Heavy Duty Polythene Bags

This dual detection model allows you to peer into nest boxes, bird Heavy-duty 500g polythene bags for
you scan all frequencies at once boxes, bat roosts, and burrows holding larger samples or contami-
using frequency division then home in order to check occupancy and nated clothing.
in on a specific frequency. monitor occupants. (Qty 10) #185252 £6.49
(Qty 100) #180145 £64.99
Video Inspection Endoscope #175047 £850.00 (Qty 1000) #180146 £584.99
Bat Detector #175030 £450.00 | Everything for wildlife, science & environment | Tel: +44(0)1803 865913 | Fax: +44(0)1803 865280 | 2-3 Wills Rd, Totnes, Devon, UK. TQ9 5XN
Bat Equipment Catalogue Summer 2010


The Bat Detective Schwegler 2F Meter and Thermometer
Brian Briggs and David King The 2F is the standard bat box - ideal This instrument measures both
Field guide designed to aid the as a starter box to see if there are relative humidity and air tempera-
use of `mini’ bat detectors. As bats in your area. ture. The large, easy to read backlit
each topic is explained references Standard #174814 £26.99 LCD includes primary and second-
are given to the relevant tracks on Double Front Panel #181809 £33.95 ary displays.
the CD. Meter #183502 £79.99
Schwegler 2FN
Softcover and Audio CD | 1998 #79534 £22.50
A larger bat box - ideal for woodland Meter with Dew Point and Thermometer
Bat Workers’ Manual species. The 2FN Bat Box has two
A digital instrument which has been
Edited by AJ Mitchell-Jones and AP entrances - one at the front and one at
designed to combine the functions
McLeish the rear against the tree.
of a thermometer and a humidity
This manual provides detailed Bat Box #174819 £32.95
meter with dew point indicator.
information on all aspects of bats
Schwegler 1FF Meter #183503 £79.99
and is essential for anyone wish-
ing to obtain a licence to carry The 1FF is open at the bottom, allow- 4-in-1 Environmental Meter
out bat work in the UK. ing droppings to fall out and is there-
A 4 in 1 multi-function environmen-
Softcover | Edition 3 | 2004 #146440 £20.00 fore especially suitable for hanging
tal meter which has been designed
Which Bat Is It? in inaccessible places such as steep
to combine the functions of sound
slopes and house walls. With built-in
RE Stebbings et al level meter, light meter, humidity
wooden rear panel.
Excellent little guide to bats, giv- meter and thermometer.
Bat Box #174821 £55.95
ing identification key, advice on Meter #183501 £139.99
how to study bats and an impor- Schwegler 1 FS Data-Logging Thermo-Hygrometer
tant section on legislation.
This type of box is very popular for A portable thermo-hygrometer
Softcover | Edition 3 | 2007 #169033 £4.99
accommadating large colonies, espe- designed to provide excellent
Bats of Britain, Europe and Northwest Africa cially of great bats, nathusius pipes- performance in harsh environ-
trelles and brown long-eared bats. ments and poorly lit areas. In
Christian Dietz et al
This comprehensive and superbly Bat Box #177100 £84.95 addition to Relative Humidity
illustrated handbook presents for Schwegler Bat Tubes and temperature, this device
the first time all 51 bat species will display the dew point.
This Tube system meets the char-
that occur across Europe and Meter #180256 £199.00
acteristic behavioural requirements
Northwest Africa. HEAD TORCHES
of the types of bats that inhabit
Hardcover | 2009 #178055 £33.99 buildings. Petzl TacTikka Plus Headlamp
A Guide to British Bats 1FR #178018 £72.96 LED headlamp with 3
Kate Jones and Allyson Walsh 2FR #180018 £74.95 lighting levels and red flip
This fold-out guide includes 16 Schwegler Bat Roosts filter .
species of bat that live and breed Petzl TacTikka Plus Headlamp #174739 £38.00
in Britain. This highly sophisticated Bat
Roost is designed for the safe hi-
Petzl e+Lite Emergency Headlamp #174742 £25.00
8 page guide | 2001 #129064 £2.99 bernation of bats in winter as well WEATHER WRITERS
Bat Surveys as for roosting during summer.
1WQ #178017 £129.99
Bat Conservation Trust WeatherWriter waterproof
1FQ #177099 £89.99
This book provides good practice clipboards are essential
guidance for those commission- Schwegler Brick Box for Bats fieldwork items for windy,
ing, undertaking or reviewing bat rainy or snowy days. The
This box should be cemented into
surveys throughout the UK. spring-loaded top is trans-
a wall in a building or underneath a
Softcover | 2007 #169330 £19.99 bridge, arch or tunnel where condi- parent so that you can see
tions are relatively humid. what you’re writing and
Habitat Management for Bats folds flat when not in use.
Abigail C Entwistle et al Bat Box #181536 £35.96
WeatherWriter A5 Landscape #174600 £22.99
This manual gives general guid-
WOODEN BAT BOXES WeatherWriter A4 Portrait #174585 £29.99
ance aimed at conservation and WeatherWriter A4 Landscape #174593 £30.99
Bat Box
land management advisors on WeatherWriter A3 Landscape #174598 £39.99
managing these habitats for bats. This Batbox is available as either a WeatherWriter A3 Portrait #174595 £44.99
single-chamber (pictured) or a double-
Softcover | 2001 #95381 £15.00 chamber box. Improved draught- AQUAPAC WATERPROOF CASES
British Bats - A Guide to Identification Using Sound Analysis proofing. A selection of waterproof cases designed
Single Chamber #179142 £18.99 to keep your equipment safe in the field.
Forthcoming John Russ, Sandie Sowler et al
Knowledge of bat echolocation, Double Chamber #179143 £23.99 Phone/GPS Case #182064 £20.00
calls and identification has grown PDA case #182066 £20.00
Double Chamber Bat Box Waterproof Keymaster #182069 £13.00
significantly in the last decade. In
This double chambered box provides Ortlieb Mapcase #174690 £16.00
this practical guide, the authors
present the latest data in a clear habitat for many bats. The heavy
construction provides good insulation TERMS & CONDITIONS
Due August ‘10
and concise manner.
and longevity. All prices include VAT. Prices are correct at the time of going to
Softcover | 2010 #181961 £19.95 Bat Box #183446 £21.49 print but subject to change at any time. | Everything for wildlife, science & environment | Tel: +44(0)1803 865913 | Fax: +44(0)1803 865280 | 2-3 Wills Rd, Totnes, Devon, UK. TQ9 5XN Global service - we
Over 110,000 wildlife
ship around the
books and fieldwork
world every day.
Huge range of books Online shopping or
and field equipment invoice ordering for com-
items in stock. panies & institutions.

Latest news from NHBS
BAT NEWS: Current bestsellers:
Batbox Griffin due! Advanced Bird ID Guide: The
Western Palearctic
The long-awaited Batbox Griffin bat detector is due out this
Nils Van Duivendijk
month, available from 10th September (approx!). Numbers will
be limited so pre-order today. The Griffin has been designed Pbk | 2010 | £14.99 | #183860
to provide all the required functions for specialists and profes-
sionals studying and surveying bat populations and features an
onboard recording capability.
(For more information search for #180327) Field Guide to the Birds of the
NEW TO BAT DECTECTING? The Magenta Bat 4 detector Middle East
Richard Porter and Simon Aspinall
and FSC fold-out guide ‘A Guide to British Bats’ provides the
perfect starting point for those interested in bats and bat Pbk | 2010 | £29.99 | #180983
Magenta A Guide to
Bat 4 British Bats
The Biggest Twitch: Around
£59.95 | #171848 £2.99 | #129064
the World in 4,000 Birds
Alan Davies and Ruth Miller

New Naturalist 115:

Climate and Weather
Pbk | 2010 | £12.99 | #186657

John Kington tackles a A Field Guide to the Reptiles of

fascinating and often South-East Asia
Indraneil Das
challenging phenomenon
Hbk | 2010 | £34.99 £31.49 | #179356
Britain is known for its changeable
weather patterns and diverse
climate, but it is perhaps not
commonly understood how these
have evolved from the interplay of
meteorological conditions and
Wildlife equipment:
geography. John Kington draws on
2000 years of historical resources
to tell the story of the development
of this climate and the people who New Naturalist 115:
have lived in and recorded it. Climate and Weather
John Kington Opticron Hand
Small (Children’s) Series 700 Mist
lens, 18mm, 20x
Butterfly Net Net (16mm Mesh)
Available 2/9/2010 Pbk | 2010 | £29.99 £21.50 | #152945 £16.99 | #180592
various sizes*
£13.00 | #174486
Discounted until 30/11/2010 Hbk | 2010 | £50.00 £38.99 | #152944 *from £24.99 | #187218

Read articles and author interviews on Hoopoe,

the NHBS blog:

Schwegler 1FF Squirrel Trap
Join us on Facebook: search for “facebook nhbs” Bat Box With £19.99 | #186145 Fine Pointed
Built-in Wooden Forceps
£5.99 | #185505
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£55.95 | #174821 | Everything for wildlife, science & environment | Tel: +44(0)1803 865913 | Fax: +44(0)1803 865280 | 2-3 Wills Rd, Totnes, Devon, UK. TQ9 5XN

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