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Circumference

and Area of Circles and Real-World

Problems

Notes
Circumference of Circles
Circumference (C): the distance around the
outside of a circle.
C = πd
C = 2πr

Diameter (d): Distance from any point on the outside of the

circle to the opposite side of the circle

Radius (r): Distance from the center of the circle to any point
on the outside of the circle (half the diameter)
Calculating Circumference
You can use either the radius or diameter of a circle
to calculate circumference
C = πd
C = 2πr
Find the circumference of a circle if the:
1. Diameter is 5 inches
3. Diameter is 10 yards
5. Diameter is 12 meters

Circumference Real-World Scenarios
Given a real-world scenario:
1.  Determine what measurement(s) you are given
2.  Determine what you are being asked to find
3.  Determine which formula to use
4.  Plug your values into the formula, and solve
5.  Answer with units, in the context of the scenario

Gianni created an extra large pizza that is 28

inches across. What is the distance around the
outside of the pizza?
Calculating Circumference
The radius of a circle in 2 inches. What is the
circumference?

C = 2πr
C = 2π (2)
= 4π inches
= 12.56 inches
Find the circumference of each circle:

10 inches

7 inches
C= πd C= 2πr
= π (10) =2 π (7)
10π inches 14π inches
≈31.4 inches ≈43.9 inches
Calculating Circumference
You can use either the radius or diameter of a circle
to calculate circumference

Scott is trying to find the circumference of his round
dinner table in order to purchase a long enough table
cloth to cover it. If the distance from the center of the
table to the outside is 16 inches, what is the
circumference of the table?

C = 2πr
C = 2π (16)
= 32π inches
≈ 100.48 inches
≈ 8 feet, 4.48 inches
Challenge
The length of a circular pool is 34 feet all the way
around. What is the distance across the pool, to the
nearest tenth of a foot?

C = πd
34 = πd
34= 3.14 d
d ≈ 10.82 feet

It is approximately 10.8 feet across
Launch: Area of Circles
Area (C): the space inside of the circle.
A = πr2

8 cm.
A = πr2 A = πr2
A = π(3)2 A = π(8)2
A = π (9) A = π (64)
A = 9π in2 A = 64π cm2
Naomi was asked to calculate the circumference of
the circle below, using pi as 3.14. Do you agree or
disagree with Naomi? Explain.

C= πd
C = π (6)
6 inches

C= 3.14 (6)
C ≈18.84 inches
Calculating Area
Using either π or 3.14, calculate the area of the
following circles to the nearest tenth of a unit, using
the formula:
A = πr2
1. r = 12 inches, 452.4 in2
2. r = 5 feet, 78.5 ft2
3. r = 10 yards, 314.2 yds2
4. r = 13 cm, 530.9 cm2
5. r = 20 mm, 1256.6 mm2
6. d = 4 cm, 12.6 cm2
7. d = 30 inches, 706.9 in2
A circular cake has a radius of 6 inches. What is
the area of the cake, to the nearest tenth of a
square inch?

A = πr2
= π(6)2
= π(36)
= 113.097...
= 113.1 in2

The cake has an area of 113.1 in2

Practice
1. A dime has a radius of 9mm. What is the area of
the dime, to the nearest millimeter?
2. A penny has a diameter of 20 mm. What is the area
of a penny?
3. Challenge. If a dime was stacked on top of a penny,
directly in the center, what is the area of the space
that is visible on the penny?
2
1.  81π mm = 254.47 mm = 254 mm2
2

2. 100π mm2 = 314.16 mm
2 = 314 mm2