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Problems

Notes

Circumference of Circles

Circumference (C): the distance around the

outside of a circle.

C = πd

C = 2πr

circle to the opposite side of the circle

Radius (r): Distance from the center of the circle to any point

on the outside of the circle (half the diameter)

Calculating Circumference

You can use either the radius or diameter of a circle

to calculate circumference

C = πd

C = 2πr

Find the circumference of a circle if the:

1. Diameter is 5 inches

2. Radius is 3 feet

3. Diameter is 10 yards

4. Radius is 15 cm

5. Diameter is 12 meters

Circumference Real-World Scenarios

Given a real-world scenario:

1. Determine what measurement(s) you are given

2. Determine what you are being asked to find

3. Determine which formula to use

4. Plug your values into the formula, and solve

5. Answer with units, in the context of the scenario

Gianni created an extra large pizza that is 28

inches across. What is the distance around the

outside of the pizza?

Calculating Circumference

The radius of a circle in 2 inches. What is the

circumference?

C = 2πr

C = 2π (2)

= 4π inches

= 12.56 inches

Find the circumference of each circle:

10 inches

7 inches

C= πd C= 2πr

= π (10) =2 π (7)

10π inches 14π inches

≈31.4 inches ≈43.9 inches

Calculating Circumference

You can use either the radius or diameter of a circle

to calculate circumference

Scott is trying to find the circumference of his round

dinner table in order to purchase a long enough table

cloth to cover it. If the distance from the center of the

table to the outside is 16 inches, what is the

circumference of the table?

C = 2πr

C = 2π (16)

= 32π inches

≈ 100.48 inches

≈ 8 feet, 4.48 inches

Challenge

The length of a circular pool is 34 feet all the way

around. What is the distance across the pool, to the

nearest tenth of a foot?

C = πd

34 = πd

34= 3.14 d

d ≈ 10.82 feet

It is approximately 10.8 feet across

Launch: Area of Circles

Area (C): the space inside of the circle.

A = πr2

8 cm.

A = πr2 A = πr2

A = π(3)2 A = π(8)2

A = π (9) A = π (64)

A = 9π in2 A = 64π cm2

Naomi was asked to calculate the circumference of

the circle below, using pi as 3.14. Do you agree or

disagree with Naomi? Explain.

C= πd

C = π (6)

6 inches

C= 3.14 (6)

C ≈18.84 inches

Calculating Area

Using either π or 3.14, calculate the area of the

following circles to the nearest tenth of a unit, using

the formula:

A = πr2

1. r = 12 inches, 452.4 in2

2. r = 5 feet, 78.5 ft2

3. r = 10 yards, 314.2 yds2

4. r = 13 cm, 530.9 cm2

5. r = 20 mm, 1256.6 mm2

6. d = 4 cm, 12.6 cm2

7. d = 30 inches, 706.9 in2

A circular cake has a radius of 6 inches. What is

the area of the cake, to the nearest tenth of a

square inch?

A = πr2

= π(6)2

= π(36)

= 113.097...

= 113.1 in2

Practice

1. A dime has a radius of 9mm. What is the area of

the dime, to the nearest millimeter?

2. A penny has a diameter of 20 mm. What is the area

of a penny?

3. Challenge. If a dime was stacked on top of a penny,

directly in the center, what is the area of the space

that is visible on the penny?

2

1. 81π mm = 254.47 mm = 254 mm2

2

2. 100π mm2 = 314.16 mm

2 = 314 mm2

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