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# 8.

00

A B C
0.25 0.25
0.35 m 0.35 m
0.35 0.35

## 2.85 m 0.20 0.20 0.20 2.85 m

0.20 0.20 0.20

D E F 6.80
0.25 0.25
6.80 m 0.40 m 0.4 m
0.40 0.40

## 0.25 0.25 0.25 3.2 m

3.20 m 0.25 0.25 0.25

G H I

## 0.25 m 3.60 m 0.25 m 3.65 m 0.25 m

8.00
6.80 m
Distancias Efectivas (L)

## LAB = 3.70 m + 0.100 m + 0.100 m = 3.90 m

LBC = 3.70 m + 0.100 m + 0.100 m = 3.90 m

## LFI = 3.20 m + 0.200 m = 3.40 m

3.90 m 3.90 m

A B C

3.225 m 3.225 m

3.850 m 3.90 m

D E F

3.400 m 3.400 m

G H I
Inercia (I)

b x h3
Formula: I =
12
3
0.25 x ( 0.35 )
IAB = 12
= 0.000893229 m4

0.25 x ( 0.35 ) 3
IBC = = 0.00089323 m4
12

0.25 x ( 0.40 ) 3
IDE = = 0.00133333 m4
12

0.25 x ( 0.40 ) 3
IEF = = 0.00133333 m4
12

0.20 x ( 0.20 ) 3
12

3
0.20 x ( 0.20 )
IBE = = 0.00013333 m4
12

3
0.20 x ( 0.20 )
ICF = = 0.00013333 m4
12

3
0.25 x ( 0.25 )
IDG = = 0.00032552 m4
12

3
0.25 x ( 0.25 )
IEH = = 0.00032552 m4
12

3
0.25 x ( 0.25 )
IFI = = 0.00032552 m4
12
Rigidez (k)

Formula: k=
I
L

KAB =
IAB = 0.000893229 = 0.00022903 3 KAB = 229.033 cm3
LAB 3.90
m

IBC = 0.000893229
= 0.00022903 m3
KBC = KBC = 229.033 cm3
LBC 3.90

IDE = 0.001333333
= 0.00034632 m3
KDE = KDE = 346.320 cm3
LDE 3.850

IEF 0.001333333
KEF = = = 0.00034188 m3 KEF = 341.880 cm3
LEF 3.90

= 0.00004134 m3

IBE 0.000133333
KBE = = = 0.00004134 m3 KBE = 41.344 cm3
LBE 3.225

ICF = 0.000133333
= 0.00004134 m3
KCF = KCF = 41.344 cm3
LCF 3.225

IDG 0.000325521
KDG = = = 0.00009574 m3 KDG = 95.741 cm3
LDG 3.40

IEH = 0.000325521
= 0.00009574 m3
KEH = KEH = 95.741 cm3
LEH 3.40

IFI = 0.000325521
= 0.00009574 m3
KFI = KFI = 95.741 cm3
LFI 3.400
Factores de Distribución (fd)
K tramo
Formula: fd =
∑ K nudo
Nudo A.
∑ KA = KAB + KAD

## ∑ KB = 0.00022903 + 0.00004134 = 0.00027038 m3

KAB 0.00022903 m3
fAB = = = 0.85
∑ KA 0.00027038 m3

0.00004134
fAD = = 3 = 0.15
∑ KA 0.00027038 m

Nudo B.
∑ KB = KBA + KBC + KBE
∑ KB = 0.00022903 + 0.00022903 + 0.00004134 = 0.00049941 m3

KBA m3
0.00022903
fBA = = 3 = 0.46
∑ KB 0.00049941 m
KBC m3
0.00022903
fBC = = 3 = 0.46
∑ KB 0.00049941 m

KBE m3
0.00004134
fBE = = 3 = 0.08
∑ KB 0.00049941 m

Nudo C.
∑ KC = KCB + KCF

## ∑ KC = 0.00022903 + 0.00004134 = 0.00027038 m3

KCB m3
0.00022903
fCB = = 3 = 0.85
∑ KC 0.00027038 m

KCF m3
0.00004134
fCF = = 3 = 0.15
∑ KC 0.00027038 m
Nudo D.
∑ KD = KDG + KDE + KDA

## ∑ KD = 0.00009574 + 0.00034632 + 0.00004134

∑ KD = 0.00048341 m3
KDG 0.00009574 m3
fDG = = 3 = 0.20
∑ KD 0.00048341 m
KDE 0.00034632 m3
fDE = = 3 = 0.72
∑ KD 0.00048341 m

KDA 0.00004134 m3
fDA = = 3 = 0.09
∑ KD 0.00048341 m
Nudo E.
∑ KE = KED + KEB + KEF + KEH

## ∑ KE = 0.00034632 + 0.00004134 + 0.00034188 + 0.00009574

∑ KE = 0.00082529 m3

KED m3
0.00034632
fED = = 3 = 0.42
∑ KE 0.00082529 m
KEB m3
0.00004134
fEB = = 3 = 0.05
∑ KE 0.00082529 m
KEF m3
0.00034188
fEF = = 3 = 0.41
∑ KE 0.00082529 m
KEH m3
0.00009574
fEH = = 3 = 0.12
∑ KE 0.00082529 m

Nudo F.

## ∑ KF = 0.00034188 + 0.00009574 + 0.00004134

∑ KF = 0.00047897 m3
KFE m3
0.00034188
fFE = = 3 = 0.71
∑ KF 0.00047897 m

KFI m3
0.00009574
fFI = = 3 = 0.20
∑ KF 0.00047897 m

KFC m3
0.00004134
fFC = = 3 = 0.09
∑ KF 0.00047897 m

Nudo G.
∑ KG = KGD + ∞
KG = 0.00009574
KGD 0.00009574 m3
fGD = = = 0
∑ KG ∞ m3

Nudo H.
∑ KH = KHE + ∞
KH = 0.00009574
KHE 0.00009574 m3
fHE = = = 0
∑ KH ∞ m3

Nudo I.
∑ KI = KIF + ∞
∑ KI = 0.00009574

KIF 0.00009574 m3
fIF = = = 0
∑ KI ∞ m3
Cálculo de Peso Muerto (Primera Losa)

## Nervio 2 0.10 m Datos

Peso Especifico del
0.40 m Hormigon.
N N
e e ɣH Kg
= 2400 3
r r m
Nervio 2 v v 0.10 m
i i Peso Especifico del
o o Mortero.
0.40 m
1 1 Kg
ɣM = 2100 3
m
0.40 m 0.40 m Longitud = 1.00 m
0.10 m 0.10 m

1.00 m

Ceramica
0.015 m
Espesor 0.05 m
1 1 0.20 m
0.015 m
Bloque Mortero
CALCULO DE LA LOSA
kg
Nervio 1 WD1 = V x ɣH = 2 ( 0.10 x 0.20 x 1.00 ) m3 x 2400 3
m
kg
Nervio 2 WD2 = V x ɣH = 2 ( 0.10 x 0.20 x 0.80 ) m3 x 2400 3
m
Espesor kg
WD3 = V x ɣH = ( 0.05 x 1.00 x 1.00 ) m3 x 2400
de losa m3
kg
Mortero WDM = V x ɣM = ( 0.015 x 1.00 x 1.00 ) m3 x 2100
m3

Bloque LL-19

Peso = 10.5
0.19 m

## WDbl = Cantidad x Peso

0.39 m
WDbl = 8 X 10.5 kg =
Carga Vivienda (WL)

WL = 200 kg

## WDTL = 96 + 76.8 + 120 + 22 + 31.5 + 84 = 430.30 kg

2
Peso Total de la losa por a un 1 m

w = WL + WDTL

## w = 200 + 430.30 = 630.30 kg

= 96 kg

= 76.8 kg

= 120 kg

= 31.5 kg

u
kg

84 kg

DTL)

kg
2
1m
Cálculo del peso muerto de la pared

Planta alta

Bloque P-9
1.00 m
Cantidad de bloques = 12.5 u

Peso = 10 kg

1.00 m 0.09 m
0.19 m
Calculo de mortero junta

## Area del bloque = Largo x Alto

0.39 m
Ab = 0.39 x 0.19
2
Ab = 0.0741 m Peso muerto de la pared.

## Emj = 1.00 x 0.9263

Emj = 0.07375 m2
Volumen de mortero = Emj x ancho
Vm = 0.07375 X 0.09

Vm = 0.00664 m2
Peso muerto del mortero de junta ( WDj )
WDj = Vm x ɣM Kg
ɣ M=
2100
m
3

3 Kg
WDj = 0.00664 m x 2100 3
m

WDj = 13.94 Kg

## WDe = Vme x ɣM espesor = 0.015 m

Kg
WDe = 2 ( 0.015 x 1.00 x 1.00 ) m3 x 2100 3
m

WDe = 63 Kg

2
Peso muerto total de pared a 1 m ( WDTP )

## WDTP = 125.0 + 13.94 + 63

WDTP = 201.94 Kg ok
Peso Propio de la viga Primera losa ( Wviga )

ɣH = 2400
Kg
m
3

0.40 m
Wviga = V x ɣH

3
Kg
Wviga = ( 0.40 x 0.25 x 1.00 ) m x 2400 3
0.25 m m

## Longitud = 1.00 m Wviga = 240 Kg ok

Cálculo de Paños ( Primera losa )
0.25 3.60 0.25 3.65 0.25 3.850 m 3.90 m
1´ 2´ 3´

1 2 3 0.25
420.20 420.20

2.00
3 4

808.89 819.39

## 4.35 930.02 930.02 934.59 934.59 4.60

5 6
808.89 819.39
7 8 9 0.25

Longitudes efectivas

## L1-2 = 3.60 + 0.125 + 0.125 = 3.850 m

L2-3 = 3.65 + 0.125 + 0.125 = 3.90 m
L4-5 = 3.60 + 0.125 + 0.125 = 3.850 m
L5-6 = 3.65 + 0.125 + 0.125 = 3.90 m
L7-8 = 3.60 + 0.125 + 0.125 = 3.850 m
L8-9 = 3.65 + 0.125 + 0.125 = 3.90 m

## L1-4 = 1.75 + 0.125 + 0.125 = 2.00 m

L2-5 = 1.75 + 0.125 + 0.125 = 2.00 m
L3-6 = 1.75 + 0.125 + 0.125 = 2.00 m
L4-7 = 4.35 + 0.125 + 0.125 = 4.60 m
L5-8 = 4.35 + 0.13 + 0.13 = 4.60 m
L6-9 = 4.35 + 0.13 + 0.13 = 4.60 m

## Paño a b m W Wa Kg/m Wb Kg/m

3 2.000 3.85 0.52 630.30 420.2 573.60
4 2.00 3.90 0.51 630.30 420.20 575.05
5 3.850 4.60 0.84 630.30 808.885 930.02
6 3.90 4.60 0.85 630.30 819.39 934.59

a WS WS 3 - m2
m=
b
; Wa =
3
; Wb =
3 ( 2 )
s=a

## Paño a b m W Wa Kg/m Wb Kg/m

1 3.45 3.80 0.91 630.00 724.5 788.16
2 3.40 3.80 0.89 630.00 714.00 785.20
3 3.45 3.70 0.93 630.00 724.5 771.80
4 3.40 3.70 0.92 630.00 714.00 769.54
m

2.00 m

4.60 m

m
Wb Kg/m
573.60
575.05
930.02
934.59

Wb Kg/m
788.16
785.20
771.80
769.54

## Viga W viga W pared Transmite losa W total

D-E 240 575.53 648.20 1463.73
E-F 240 575.53 1239.59 2055.12

## Autor: Miguel angel Vargas Gusqui Grupo: 3

Cálculo de Peso Muerto (Segunda Losa)

## Nervio 2 0.10 m Datos

Peso Especifico del
0.40 m Hormigon.
N N
e e ɣH = 2400 Kg
r r 3
m
Nervio 2 v v 0.10 m
i i Peso Especifico del
o o Mortero.
0.40 m
1 1 Kg
ɣM = 2100
3
m
0.40 m 0.40 m Longitud = 1.00 m
0.10 m 0.10 m

1.00 m

Ceramica
0.015 m
Espesor 0.05 m
1 1 0.15 m
0.015 m
Bloque Mortero

o Especifico del
Hormigon.

o Especifico del
Mortero.

## Autor: Miguel angel Vargas Gusqui Grupo: 3

kg
Nervios 1 WD1 = V x ɣH = 2 ( 0.10 x 0.15 x 1.00 ) m3 x 2400 3
= 72
m

kg
Nervios 2 WD2 = V x ɣH = 2 ( 0.10 x 0.15 x 0.80 ) m3 x 2400 3
= 57.6
m

Espesor kg
WD3 = V x ɣH = ( 0.05 x 1.00 x 1.00 ) m3 x 2400 = 120
de losa m3

kg
Mortero WDM = V x ɣM = ( 0.015 x 1.00 x 1.00 ) m3 x 2100 = 31.5
m3

## Mortero para pegar Azulejo y Ceramica

Un saco 25 kg para 4 m2 entoces para 1 m2

WDB = 6.25 kg

Bloque PL-15

Peso = 8 kg
0.14 m

## WDbl = Cantidad x Peso

0.39 m
WDbl = 8 X 8 kg = 64
Carga viva residencia (WL)

WL = 200 kg

## WDTL = 72 + 57.6 + 120 + 20 + 31.5 + 6.25 + 64 = 371.35

2
Peso Total de la losa por a un 1 m

## Peso Total (W) = Carga Viva + Cargas Muerta total

w = WL + WDTL

w = 200 + 371.35

w = 571.35 kg ok
72 kg

57.6 kg

120 kg

31.5 kg

kg
kg
Cálculo de Paños ( Segunda losa )
0.20 3.70 0.20 3.70 0.20 3.90 m 3.90 m

1´ 2´ 3´

1 2 3 0.20
685.62
742.76
3.40 678.28 678.28 736.33 736.33
3.60
1

742.76 685.62
4 5 6 0.20
742.76 704.67

## 3.50 701.52 701.52 739.88 739.88 3.70

742.76 704.67
7 8 9 0.20

Longitudes efectivas

## L1-2 = 3.70 - 0.10 + 0.10 = 3.90 m

L2-3 = 3.70 + 0.10 - 0.10 = 3.90 m
L4-5 = 3.70 - 0.10 + 0.10 = 3.90 m
L5-6 = 3.70 + 0.10 - 0.10 = 3.90 m
L7-8 = 3.70 - 0.10 + 0.10 = 3.90 m
L8-9 = 3.70 + 0.10 - 0.10 = 3.80 m

## L1-4 = 3.40 + 0.100 + 0.100 = 3.60 m

L2-5 = 3.40 + 0.100 + 0.100 = 3.60 m
L3-6 = 3.40 + 0.100 + 0.100 = 3.60 m
L4-7 = 3.50 + 0.100 + 0.100 = 3.70 m
L5-8 = 3.50 + 0.100 + 0.100 = 3.70 m
L6-9 = 3.50 + 0.100 + 0.100 = 3.70 m

## Paño a b m W Wa Kg/m Wb Kg/m

1 3.90 3.60 1.083 571.35 742.755 678.28
2 3.60 3.90 0.923 571.35 685.62 736.33
3 3.90 3.70 1.054 571.35 742.755 701.52
4 3.70 3.90 0.949 571.35 704.67 739.88

a WS WS 3 - m2
m=
b
; Wb =
3
; Wb =
3 ( 2 )
s=a

## Paño a b m W Wa Kg/m Wb Kg/m

1 3.45 3.80 0.908 551.70 634.455 690.20
2 3.40 3.80 0.895 551.70 625.26 687.61
3 3.45 3.70 0.932 551.70 634.455 675.88
4 3.40 3.70 0.919 551.70 625.26 673.90
m

m
Peso Propio de la viga Segunda losa ( Wviga )

ɣH = 2400
Kg
m
3

0.35 m
Wviga = V x ɣH

3
Kg
Wviga = ( 0.35 x 0.25 x 1.00 ) m x 2400 3
0.25 m m

## Longitud = 1.00 m Wviga = 210 Kg ok

Calculo de carga repartida Segunda losa

## Viga W viga W pared Transmite losa W total

A-B 210 201.94 906.56 1318.49
B-C 210 201.94 1390.29 1802.22

## W pared = WDTP x Alto de pared

0.20 m 3.70 m 0.20 m 3.70 m 0.20

Kg Kg
WAB = 1318.49
m
WBC = 1802.22
m

0.25 0.25
0.35 m
0.35 0.35 C 0.35

A B

## 0.20 0.20 0.20

2.85 m 0.20 Kg 0.20 Kg 0.20 2.85
WDE = 1463.73
m WEF = 2055.12
m

D E F
0.25 0.25
0.40 m
0.40 0.40 0.4

## 0.25 0.25 0.25

3.20 m 0.25 0.25 0.25 3.20

G K L
0.25 m 3.60 m 0.25 m 3.65 m 0.25 m
Cálculo de momentos.
Com se puede ve en el grafico existen dos tipos de empotramiento
perfecto y de volado. Para estos casos utilizaremos las formulas

Momentos A - B Y B - A
MAB MBA 2
qL
1318.49 Kg /m MAB =
12
2
A B 1318.49 x ( 3.90 )
MAB =
12
3.90 m
MAB = 1671.19 Kg - m

MBA = -1671.19 Kg - m

Momentos B - C y C - B

MBC MCB
q L2
1802.2 Kg /m MBC =
12
B C 2
1802.22 x ( 3.90 )
MBC =
12
3.90 m
MBC = 2284.32 Kg - m

MCB = -2284.32 Kg - m

Momentos D - E y E - D
MDE MED q L2
1463.73 Kg /m MDE =
12
2
D E 1463.73 x ( 3.85 )
MDE =
12
3.85 m
MDE = 1808.01 Kg - m

MED = -1808.01 Kg - m
Momentos E - F y F - E
MEF MFE 2
qL
MEF =
2055.12 Kg /m 12

2
2055.12 x ( 3.90 )
E F MEF =
12
3.90 m
MEF = 2604.86 Kg - m

MFE = -2604.86 Kg - m

METODO DE CROSS

NUDO A B C D E F G H I

Miembro AB AD BA BE BC CB CF DA DE DG ED EB EF EH FE FC FI GD HE IF

Rigidez 229.033 41.344 229.033 41.344 229.033 229.033 41.344 41.344 346.320 95.74 346.320 41.344 341.880 95.741 341.880 41.344 95.741 95.741 95.741 95.741

Fact. Dist -0.847 -0.153 -0.459 -0.083 -0.459 -0.847 -0.153 -0.086 -0.716 -0.198 -0.420 -0.050 -0.414 -0.116 -0.714 -0.086 -0.200 0.000 0.000 0.000

Momento 1671.191 0.000 -1466.904 0.000 2284.319 -2284.319 0.000 0.000 1808.006 0.000 -1808.006 0.000 2604.859 0.000 -2604.859 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

## -1415.65 -255.54 -707.82 -127.77

-25.13 -50.26 -9.07 -50.26 -25.13 -4.54
978.15 1956.31 353.14 176.57
-71.85 -143.70 -1203.75 -332.78 -601.87 -166.39
-4.77 -39.96 -79.92 -9.54 -78.89 -22.09 -39.45 -11.05
106.51 880.72 1761.44 213.01 493.28 246.64
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
82.15 14.83 41.08 7.41 0.00 0.00
-232.62 -465.24 -83.98 -465.24 -232.62 -41.99
53.41 106.83 19.28 9.64
1.39 2.78 23.31 6.45 11.66 3.22
-21.30 -178.43 -356.85 -42.60 -352.28 -98.65 -176.14 -49.33
7.19 59.42 118.84 14.37 33.28 16.64
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
195.87 35.36 97.94 17.68
-29.82 -59.64 -10.77 -59.64 -29.82 -5.38
9.59 19.17 3.46 1.73
6.87 13.75 115.16 31.84 57.58 15.92
-2.80 -23.42 -46.84 -5.59 -46.24 -12.95 -23.12 -6.47
0.92 7.63 15.27 1.85 4.28 2.14
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
19.44 3.51 9.72 1.75
-3.79 -7.57 -1.37 -7.57 -3.79 -0.68
1.21 2.42 0.44 0.22
0.93 1.85 15.52 4.29 7.76 2.15
-0.37 -3.09 -6.17 -0.74 -6.09 -1.71 -3.05 -0.85
0.12 1.01 2.02 0.24 0.57 0.28
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
2.42 0.44 1.21 0.22
-0.47 -0.94 -0.17 -0.94 -0.47 -0.09
0.15 0.30 0.05 0.03
0.12 0.25 2.05 0.57 1.03 0.28
-0.05 -0.41 -0.82 -0.10 -0.81 -0.23 -0.40 -0.11
0.02 0.13 0.27 0.03 0.08 0.04
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00

## 0.0003 0.002 0.0051 0.001 0.001 0.001

0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00

MOMENTO
264 -264 -2608.40 -134.67 2743.07 -491.14 491.14 -225.71 515.26 -289.55 -2822.43 -111.27 3069.36 -135.66 -949.19 417.70 531.49 -144.78 -67.83 265.75
FINAL

CHEQUEO DE 264 - 264 = 0 - 2608.4 - 134.67 + 2743.07 = 0 - 491.14 + 491.14 = 0 - 225.71 + 515.26 - 289.55 = 0 - 2822.43 - 111.27 + 3069.36 + -135.66 = 0 - 949.19 + 417.7 + 531.49 = 0 -144.78 -67.83 265.75
MOMENTO
Cálculo de reacciones.
Reacciónes RA y RB
MAB = 263.87 Kg - m MBA = -2608.40 Kg - m

1318.49 Kg /m

A B ( Mij + Mji ) W X L
RA = + 2
L
3.90 m
RA RB

## [ 263.87 + ( -2608.40 ) ] 1318.49 x 3.90

RA = + 2
3.90
RA = 1969.90 Kg
( Mji + Mij ) W X L
RB = - +
L 2
( -2608.40 + 263.87 ) 1318.49 X 3.90
RB = - 3.90 + 2
RB = 3172.23 Kg
Reacciónes RB y RC
MBC = 2743.07 Kg - m MCB = -491.14 Kg - m

1802.22 Kg /m

B C ( Mij + Mji ) W X L
RB = + 2
L
3.90 m
RB RC

## [ 2743.07 + ( -491.14 ) ] 1802.22 x 3.90

RB = + 2
3.90
RB = 4091.76 Kg
( Mji + Mij ) W X L
RC = - +
L 2
( -491.14 + 2743.07 ) 1802.22 X 3.90
RC = - +
3.90 2
RC = 2936.92 Kg

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Reacciónes RD y RE
MDE = 515.26 Kg - m MED = -2822.43 Kg - m

1463.73 Kg /m

D E ( Mij + Mji ) W X L
RD = + 2
L
3.85 m
RD RE

## [ 515.26 + ( -2822.43 ) ] 1463.73 x 3.85

RD = +
3.85 2
RD = 2218.41 Kg
( Mji + Mij ) W X L
RE = - +
L 2
( -2822.43 + 515.26 ) 1463.73 X 3.85
RE = - +
3.85 2
RE = 3416.94 Kg
Reacciónes RE y RF
MEF = 3069.36 Kg - m MFE = -949.19 Kg - m

2055.12 Kg /m

E F ( Mij + Mji ) W X L
RE = + 2
L
3.90 m
RE RF

## [ 3069.36 + ( -949.19 ) ] 2055.12 x 3.90

RE = +
3.90 2
RE = 4551.11 Kg
( Mji + Mij ) W X L
RF = - +
L 2
( -949.19 + 3069.36 ) 2055.12 X 3.90
RF = - +
3.90 2
RF = 3463.84 Kg

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Columnas
Reacciónes RA y RD
MAD = -264 Kg - m
A
( Mij + Mji ) WXL
RA = +
L 2
[ -263.87 + ( -225.71 ) ] 0 x 3.225
RA = +
3.225 2

RA = -151.81 Kg
3.225 m
( Mji + Mij ) W X L
RD = +
L 2
[ -225.71 + ( -263.87 ) ] 0 x 3.225
RD = +
3.225 2

RD = -151.81 Kg

D
MDA = -225.71 Kg - m

Reacciónes RB y RE
MBE = -134.67 Kg - m
B
( Mij + Mji ) W X L
RB = +
L 2
[ -134.67 + ( -111.27 ) ] 0 x 3.225
RC = +
3.225 2
RB = -76.26 Kg
3.225 m
( Mji + Mij ) W X L
RE = +
L 2
[ -111.27 + ( -134.67 ) ] 0 x 3.225
RE = +
3.225 2

RE = -76.26 Kg
E
MEB = -111.27 Kg - m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Reacciónes RC y RF
MCF = 491.14 Kg - m
C
( Mij + Mji ) WXL
RC = +
L 2

RC = +
3.225 2

RC = 281.81 Kg

RF = +
L 2

## [ 417.70 + ( 491.14 ) ] 0 x 3.225

RF = +
3.225 2

RF = 281.81 Kg

F
MFC = 417.70 Kg - m

Reacciónes RD y RG
MDG = -289.55 Kg - m
D
( Mij + Mji ) W X L
RD = +
L 2

## [ -289.55 + ( -144.78 ) ] 0 x 3.400

RD = +
3.400 2

RD = -127.74 Kg
3.40 m
( Mji + Mij ) W X L
RG = +
L 2

## [ -144.78 + ( -289.55 ) ] 0 x 3.400

RG = +
3.400 2

RG = -127.74 Kg
G
MGD = -144.78 Kg - m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Reacciónes RE y RK
MEK = -135.66 Kg - m
E
( Mij + Mji ) WXL
RE = +
L 2

RE = +
3.400 2

RE = -59.85 Kg

RK = +
L 2

## [ -67.83 + ( -135.66 ) ] 0 x 3.400

RK = +
3.400 2

RK = -59.85 Kg

K
MKE = -67.83 Kg - m

Reacciónes RF y RL

MFL = 531.49 Kg - m
F
( Mij + Mji ) W X L
RF = +
L 2

## [ 531.49 + ( 265.75 ) ] 0 x 3.400

RF = +
3.400 2

RF = 234.48 Kg
3.4 m
( Mji + Mij ) W X L
RL = +
L 2

## [ 265.75 + ( 531.49 ) ] 0 x 3.400

RL = +
3.400 2

RL = 234.48 Kg
L
MLF = 265.75 Kg - m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Grafico de Cortante.
Viga A - B

## MAB = 0.26 Tom - m MBA = -2.61

1.32 Tom / m

A B

3.90 m
RA = 1.97 Tom RB =

Cortante A - B

3
L=0 m, RA=1.97
2.5
2
Reacciones

1.5
1
0.5
0
-0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5

-1
-1.5
-2
-2.5
-3
Distancia

Viga A - B

RA 1.97 Tom
x =
W x =
1.32 Tom
x = 1.494
m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Calculo de Momento Maximo
Viga A - B

Mmax = MAB +
W * X2 - (RA * X )
2

*( )2
Mmax = 0.26 +
[ 1.32
2
1.494
]- ( 1.97 *
Mmax = -1.21 Tom - m

## Cálculo de Puntos de Inflexiòn

Cuando el momento es cero se encuentran los puntos de inflexiòn.

Mmax = 0
Extremo Izquierdo

Mmax = MAB +
W * X2 - (RA * X )
2

x 2 - 1.97 * X
0 = 0.26 +
[
2
1.32
2 ( ] )
0.66 X - 1.97 X + 0.26 = 0

X1 = 2.85 m X2 = 0.1406 m

Extremo Derecho.

## Mmax = MBA + W * X2 - (RB * X )

2

x 2 - 3.17 * X
0 = -2.61 +

2
[ 1.32
2
( ] )
0.66 X - 3.17 X - 2.61 = 0

X1 = 5.53 m X2 = -0.72 m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

0, Mij=0.26 Momento A - B
0.50

0.14, 0 3.18, 0
0.00
0 1 1 2 2 3 3

-0.50

-1.00

-1.50
1.494, -Mmax=1.21

-2.00
Distancia

Grafico de Cortante.
Viga B - C
MBC = 2.74 Tom - m MCB = -0.49

1.80 Tom / m

B C

3.90 m
RB = 4.09 Tom RC =

Cortante B - C
2.5
2
1.5
Reacciones

1
0.5
0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5
-0.5
-1
-1.5
-2
-2.5
Distancia

## Cálculo de x para Momento Maximo

Viga B - C
RB 4.09 Tom
x =
W
x =
1.80 Tom x = 2.27
m

## Calculo de Momento Maximo

Viga B - C

Mmax = MBC +
W * X2 - (RB * X )
2

Mmax = 2.74 +
[ 1.80 *( 2.27 )2 ]- ( 4.09 *
2
Mmax = -1.90 Tom - m

## Cálculo de Puntos de Inflexiòn

Mmax = 0
Extremo Izquierdo

Mmax = MBC + W
* X2 - (RB * X )
2

x2
0 = 2.74 + [ 1.80
2 ] -( 4.09 *X)
2
0.90 X - 4.09 X + 2.74 = 0

X1 = 3.72 m X2 = 0.82 m
Extremo Derecho.

Mmax = MCB +
W * X2 - (RC * X )
2

1.80 x2
0 = -0.49 +
[ 2 ]-( 2.94 * X )
2
0.90 X - 2.94 X - 0.49 = 0

X1 = 3.42 m X2 = -0.16 m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Momento B - C
1.00

0.50
0.82, 0
0.00
0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50

-0.50

-1.00

-1.50 Distancia

Grafico de Cortante.
Viga D - E
MDE = 0.52 Tom - m MED = -2.82

1.46 Tom / m

D E

3.85 m
RD = 2.22 Tom RE =

3
Cortante D - E
2.5
L=0 m, RD=2.22
2
1.5
1
Reacciones

0.5
0
-0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5
-1
-1.5
-2
-2.5
-3
-3.5
-4
Distancia

## Cálculo de x para Momento Maximo

Viga D - E
RD 2.22 Tom
x =
W x= 1.46 Tom x = 1.52
m

Viga D - E

## Mmax = MDE + W * X2 - (RD *

2 X )
1.46 *( 1.52 )2
Mmax = 0.52 +
[ 2
]- ( 2.22 *
Mmax = -1.17 Tom - m

## Cálculo de Puntos de Inflexiòn

Mmax = 0
Extremo Izquierdo

Mmax = MED + W
* X2 - (RE *
2
X )
x2
0 = 0.52 +
[ 1.46
2 ] -( 2.22 *X)
2
0.73 X - 2.22 X + 0.52 = 0
X1 = 2.78 m X2 = 0.25 m
Extremo Derecho.
W * X2
Mmax = MHG + - (RH * X )
2

x2
0 = -2.82 +
[ 1.46
2 ]-( 3.42 * X )
2
0.73 X - -3.42 X -2.82 = 0
X1 = 5.38 m X2 = -0.72 m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Momento D - E

1
0, Mij=0.52
1 3.13, 0
0.25, 0

0 0 0 1 1 2 2 2 3

-1
Distancia

Grafico de Cortante.
Viga E - F
MEF = 3.07 Tom - m MFE = -0.95

2.06 Tom / m

E F

3.90 m
RE = 4.55 Tom RF =

Cortante E - F
3.5
3
2.5
2
Reacciones

1.5
1
0.5
0
-0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5
-1
-1.5
-2
-2.5
Distancia

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Cálculo de x para Momento Maximo
Viga E - F
RE 4.55 Tom
x =
W x= 2.06 Tom x = 2.21
m

## Calculo de Momento Maximo

Viga E - F

MHI + W * X2 - (RH *
Mmax =
2
X )

)2
Mmax = 3.07 +
[ 2.06
2
*( 2.21
]- ( 4.55 *
Mmax = -1.97 Tom - m

## Cálculo de Puntos de Inflexiòn

Mmax = 0
Extremo Izquierdo

Mmax = MHI +
W * X2 - (RH * X )
2

x2
0 = 3.07 +
[ 2.06
2 ] -( 4.55 *X)
2
1.03 X - 4.55 X + 3.07 = 0
X1 = 3.60 m X2 = 0.83 m

Extremo Derecho.

MIH + W * X2
Mmax =
2
- (RI * X )
x2
0 = -0.95 +
[ 2.06
2
2
]-( 3.46 * X )
1.03 X -3.46 X -0.95 = 0
X1 = 3.63 m X2 = -0.25 m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Momento H - I
2.00

1.50

1.00

0.50
0.83, 0
0.00
0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50

-0.50

-1.00
Distancia

Grafico de Cortante.
Columna A - D
MAD = -0.264 Tom - m
A
Cortante A - D
3
RA =

2.5
RD =

3.225 m
1.5

0.5

-RD=0.15, 0
0
-0.215 -0.115 -0.015

D
MDA = -0.226 Tom - m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Grafica de Momento A - D
Momento A - D
3

2.5

1.5

1 MDA=0.23 , 0

0.5

0
-0.34 -0.24 -0.14 -0.04 0.06 0.16 0.26
Distancia

Grafico de Cortante.
Columna B - E
MBE = -0.13 Tom - m
B
Cortante B - E
3

RB =
2.5

RE =
2

3.225 m
1.5

0.5
-RE=0.08 , 0

0
-0.26 -0.16 -0.06
E
MEB = -0.11 Tom - m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Grafica de Momento C - H
Momento B - E
3

2.5

1.5

0.5
MEB=0.11 , 0

0
-0.4 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
Distancia

Grafico de Cortante.
Columna C - F
MCF = 0.49 Tom - m
C
Cortante D - I
3

RC
2.5

RF
2

1.5
3.225 m

0.5

RF=0.28 , 0
0
0 0.2 0.4
F
MFD = 0.42 Tom - m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Grafica de Momento C - F

Momento C - F
3

2.5

1.5

0.5
-MFC=0.42 , 0

0
-0.5 -0.35 -0.2 -0.05 0.1 0.25 0.4

Grafico de Cortante.
Columna D - G
MDG = -0.29 Tom - m
D
Cortante D - G
3.15

2.8

2.45
RD =
2.1
RG =
1.75
3.4 m
1.4

1.05

0.7

0.35
-RG=0.13 , 0

0
-0.25 -0.185 -0.12 -0.055
G
MGD = -0.14 Tom - m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Grafica de Momento D - G

Momento D - G
3

2.5

1.5

1
MGD=0.14 , 0

0.5

0
-0.5 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0 0.1 0.2 0.3
Distancia

Grafico de Cortante.
Columna E - K
MEK = -0.14 Tom - m
E
Cortante E - K
3.15

2.8 RE =
2.45
RK =
2.1

1.75

3.4 m 1.4

1.05

0.7

0.35

0
0 0.065
K
MKE = -0.07 Tom - m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Grafica de Momento E - K
Momento E - K
3

2.5

1.5

MKE=0.07 , 0
0.5

0
-0.15 -0.08 -0.01 0.06 0.13

Grafico de Cortante.
Columna F - L

## MFL = 0.53 Tom - m

F
Cortante F - L
3.15

2.8
RF =
2.45

2.1 RL =

3.4 m 1.75

1.4

1.05

0.7

0.35

0
0 0.12
L
MLF = 0.27 Tom - m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

Grafica de Momento F - L
Momento F - L
3

2.5

1.5

0.5

0
-0.2 -0.1 0 0.1 0.2 0.3
Distancia

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

-2.61 Tom - m

3.17 Tom

X Y
0 0
0 RA=1.97
L=3.90 m -RB=3.17
L=3.90 m 0

3 0 0
L=3.90 m 0

ximo

1.494 m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

o

* 1.49
)

òn
ntos de inflexiòn.

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

X Y

0 Mij=0.26
0.14 0
1.494 -Mmax=1.21
3.18 0
3.90 Mji=2.61

0 0
0 0.26

3.900 0.000
3.900 2.61
0.00 0

3.90 0

-0.49 Tom - m

2.94 Tom
X Y
0 0
0 RB=4.09
L=3.90 m -RC=2.94
L=3.90 m 0

0 0
L=3.90 m 0

ximo

2.27 m

* 2.27
)
òn

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

X Y

0 Mij=2.74
0.82 0
2.27 -Mmax=1.90
3.74 0
3.90 Mji=0.49
3.00
0 0
0 2.74

3.90 0
3.90 0.49

0 0
3.90 0

-2.82 Tom - m

3.42 Tom

X Y
0 0
0 RD=2.22
L=3.85 m -RE=3.42
L=3.85 m 0

3 0 0
L=3.85 m 0

ximo

1.52 m

* 1.52
)
òn

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

X Y

0 Mij=0.52
0.25 0
1.52 -Mmax=1.17
3.13 0
3.85 Mji=2.82

0 0
0 0.52
3
3.85 0
3.85 2.82

0 0
3.85 0

Tom - m

3.46 Tom

X Y
0 0
0 RH=4.55
L=3.90 m -RI=3.46
L=3.90 m 0

2.5 0 0
L=3.90 m 0

ximo

2.21 m

* 2.21
)

òn

X Y

0 Mij=3.07
0.83 0
2.21 -Mmax=1.97
3.65 0
3.90 Mji=0.95

0 0
0 3.07

2.50 3.90 0
3.90 0.95

0 0
3.90 0

CORTE
-0.15 Tom X Y

-0.15 Tom 0 0
-RD=0.15 0
-RA=0.15 3.225
0 3.225

0 0
0 L=3.225 m

## JHONNY DAVID VILEMA VARGAS Grupo: 3

MOMENTO
X Y

0 0
MDA=0.23 0
0 3.225

0 0
0 3.225

CORTE
X Y

0 0
-0.08 Tom -RE=0.08 0
-RB=0.08 3.225
-0.08 Tom 0 3.225

0 0
0 L=3.225 m

MOMENTO
X Y

0 0
MEB=0.11 0
-MBE=0.13 3.225
0 3.225

0 0
0 3.225

= 0.28 Tom

= 0.28 Tom

CORTE
X Y

0 0
RF=0.28 0
RC=0.28 3.225
0 3.225

0 0
0 L=3.225 m

MOMENTO
X Y

0 0
-MFC=0.42 0
MCF=0.49 3.225
0 3.225

0 0
0 3.225

-0.13 Tom

-0.13 Tom
CORTE
X Y

0 0
-RG=0.13 0
-RD=0.13 3.40
0 3.40

0 0
0 L=3.400 m

MOMENTO
X Y

0 0
MGD=0.14 0
-MDG=0.29 3.40
0 3.40

0 0
0 3.4

-0.06 To
CORTE
-0.06 To X Y

0 0
-RK=0.06 0
-RE=0.06 3.400
0 3.400

0 0
0 L=3.400 m

MOMENTO
X Y

0 0
MKE=0.07 0
-MEK=0.14 3.400
0 3.400

0 0.0
0 3.4

0.23 To
CORTE
0.23 To X Y

0 0
RL=0.23 0
RF=0.23 3.40
0 3.40

0 0
0 L=3.400 m

MOMENTO
X Y

0 0
-MLF=0.27 0
MFL=0.53 3.40
0 3.40

0 0
0 3.4