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Annotated Bibliography

Juan Ricardo Saucedo

Article 1)

Kent, D., Melkus, G. D., Stuart, P. “, Mckoy, J. M., Urbanski, P., Boren, S. A., . . . Lipman, R. (2013).
Reducing the Risks of Diabetes Complications Through Diabetes Self-Management Education
and Support. Population Health Management, 16(2), 74-81. doi:10.1089/pop.2012.0020

The article presents different key points identified and utilized by the American Diabetes Association
that recognizes seven important points that help prevent chronic complications with diabetes. It was
found that key aspects such as self-management, implementing lifestyle modifications is directly
associated with fewer hospitalizations and lower costs when treating this kind of patients. The author of
the article emphasizes that a multidisciplinary health care team responsible for patient’s education is
able to provide more benefits when they are interconnected and work towards the same goal. The
author indicates that this collaboration provides retrospective information helping improve treatments
and guidelines for these patients.

The author also discusses the importance of eliminating barriers to provide education to these patients
and focusing on a horizontal teaching method where primary care provider is placed at the patient level
to educate in the different aspects of diabetes care.

Article 2)

Wong, C. K., Wong, W. C., Wan, Y. F., Chan, A. K., Chan, F. W., & Lam, C. L. (2015). Effect of a structured
diabetes education program in primary care on hospitalizations and emergency department
visits among people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus: results from the Patient Empowerment
Programme. Diabetic Medicine, 33(10), 1427-1436. doi:10.1111/dme.12969

In this article the author emphasizes how a diabetes education structured program is one of the
important factors in reducing frequent visits to the emergency room, hospitalizations as well as
readmissions and the declining health that this hospital visits can represent. The author points out the
Patient Empowered Program (PEP) realized a large scale studying close to 25,000. Some of the results of
the study indicate a decrease close to five percent in ER frequency and hospitalization decrease, which
translate to thousands of patients who continued to receive primary care.
Article 3)

Chomko, M. E., Odegard, P. S., & Evert, A. B. (2016). Enhancing Access to Diabetes Self-management
Education in Primary Care. The Diabetes Educator, 42(5), 635-645.
doi:10.1177/0145721716659147

Article 4)

Bhutani, G., Kalra, S., Lamba, S., Verma, P., Saini, R., & Grewal, M. (2015). Effect of diabetic education on
the knowledge, attitude and practices of diabetic patients towards prevention of
hypoglycemia. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 19(3), 383. doi:10.4103/2230-
8210.152781

The author of the article indicates that the intention of the study is to identify how education on self-
disease management and empowerment benefits diabetic patients preventing hypoglycemic episodes,
which is the most common adverse effects on multiple medication treatment. The author indicates that
the study lasted six months and that results were obtained through questionnaires submitted to
patients to identify understanding of their condition. It is identified through article major factors
contributing to the existence of symptoms of hypoglycemia, commonly recognized the lack of condition
knowledge, forgetfulness, illiteracy, and a busy life schedule. The author identifies that after providing
information and education about hypoglycemia on average 20 percent out of the initial 110 in the study,
were able to modify their practices to avoid hypoglycemia.

Article 5)

He, X., Li, J., Wang, B., Yao, Q., Li, L., Song, R., . . . Zhang, J. (2016). Diabetes self-management education
reduces risk of all-cause mortality in type 2 diabetes patients: a systematic review and meta-
analysis. Endocrine, 55(3), 712-731. doi:10.1007/s12020-016-1168-2

Extras
Healy, S. J., et al. “Inpatient Diabetes Education Is Associated With Less Frequent Hospital Readmission
Among Patients With Poor Glycemic Control.” Diabetes Care, vol. 36, no. 10, Aug. 2013, pp.
2960–2967., doi:10.2337/dc13-0108.

Kent, D., Melkus, G. D., Stuart, P. “, Mckoy, J. M., Urbanski, P., Boren, S. A., . . . Lipman, R. (2013).
Reducing the Risks of Diabetes Complications Through Diabetes Self-Management Education
and Support. Population Health Management, 16(2), 74-81. doi:10.1089/pop.2012.0020

The article presents different key points identified and utilized by the American Diabetes Association
that recognizes seven important points that help prevent chronic complications with diabetes. It was
found that key aspects such as self management, implementing lifestyle modifications is directly
associated with fewer hospitalizations and lower costs when treating this kind of patients. The author of
the article emphasizes that a multidisciplinary health care team responsible for patient’s education is
able to provide more benefits when they are interconnected and work towards the same goal. The
author indicates that this collaboration provides retrospective information helping improve treatments
and guidelines for these patients.

The author also discusses the importance of eliminating barriers to provide education to these patients
and focusing on a horizontal teaching method where primary care provider is placed at the patient level
to educate in the different aspects of diabetes care.

Bhutani, G., Kalra, S., Lamba, S., Verma, P., Saini, R., & Grewal, M. (2015). Effect of diabetic education on
the knowledge, attitude and practices of diabetic patients towards prevention of hypoglycemia. Indian
Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 19(3), 383. doi:10.4103/2230-8210.152781

Yau, R. K., Strotmeyer, E. S., Resnick, H. E., Sellmeyer, D. E., Feingold, K. R., Cauley, J. A., . . . Schwartz, A.
V. (2013). Diabetes and Risk of Hospitalized Fall Injury Among Older Adults. Diabetes
Care, 36(12), 3985-3991. doi:10.2337/dc13-0429

Extras

Healy, S. J., et al. “Inpatient Diabetes Education Is Associated With Less Frequent Hospital Readmission
Among Patients With Poor Glycemic Control.” Diabetes Care, vol. 36, no. 10, Aug. 2013, pp. 2960–2967.,
doi:10.2337/dc13-0108.

Kent, D., Melkus, G. D., Stuart, P. “, Mckoy, J. M., Urbanski, P., Boren, S. A., . . . Lipman, R. (2013).
Reducing the Risks of Diabetes Complications Through Diabetes Self-Management Education and
Support. Population Health Management, 16(2), 74-81. doi:10.1089/pop.2012.0020
The article presents different key points identified and utilized by the American Diabetes Association
that recognizes seven important points that help prevent chronic complications with diabetes. It was
found that key aspects such as self management, implementing lifestyle modifications is directly
associated with fewer hospitalizations and lower costs when treating this kind of patients. The author of
the article emphasizes that a multidisciplinary health care team responsible for patient’s education is
able to provide more benefits when they are interconnected and work towards the same goal. The
author indicates that this collaboration provides retrospective information helping improve treatments
and guidelines for these patients.

The author also discusses the importance of eliminating barriers to provide education to these patients
and focusing on a horizontal teaching method where primary care provider is placed at the patient level
to educate in the different aspects of diabetes care.

Bhutani, G., Kalra, S., Lamba, S., Verma, P., Saini, R., & Grewal, M. (2015). Effect of diabetic education on
the knowledge, attitude and practices of diabetic patients towards prevention of hypoglycemia. Indian
Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 19(3), 383. doi:10.4103/2230-8210.152781

Yau, R. K., Strotmeyer, E. S., Resnick, H. E., Sellmeyer, D. E., Feingold, K. R., Cauley, J. A., . . . Schwartz, A.
V. (2013). Diabetes and Risk of Hospitalized Fall Injury Among Older Adults. Diabetes Care, 36(12), 3985-
3991. doi:10.2337/dc13-0429