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Poiseuille Flow through Porous Medium with

Slip Condition

A. A. Opanuga* Member, IAENG, H.I. Okagbue, O.O. Agboola

Abstract—In this article, irreversibility analysis of thermal II. MATHEMATICAL FORMULATION

radiation with slip condition on MHD Poiseuille flow through

The assumptions made include:

porous medium is investigated. The upper and lower walls are

kept constant with the same temperature. The radiative heat The flow is steady, electrically conducting and

flux in the energy equation is assumed to follow Roseland incompressible; the fluid is viscous and flow through parallel

approximation. Semi-analytical solutions of the non-linear porous medium; both plates are fixed and maintained at

boundary value problems obtained from the governing uniform temperature; uniform transverse magnetic field B0

equations is constructed using Adomian decomposition method,

and the effects of some fluid parameters on fluid motion, is applied neglecting the induced magnetic field and the Hall

temperature, entropy generation and Bejan number are effect; Navier slip boundary condition is assumed at the

presented. fluid-solid interface; the fluid is optically thick following

Roseland approximation.

Index Terms— Irreversibility, radiation, MHD, Poiseuille The governing equations are given as [8, 9]

flow, slip condition

d 2u B02u bu dp

(1)

d 2 K d

I. INTRODUCTION

2

ecent researches reveal that more attention has been d 2T du B02u2 bu2

R devoted to the preservation of scarce resources. This

has led to the investigation of the causes of

k

d 2

d

K

(2)

irreversibility in various flow systems; some of these are dqr

found in Refs. [1-5]. In addition, Arikoglu [6] submitted 0

that, all energy producing, converting and consuming d

systems must be re-examined carefully and possible 2

k dT du B02u2

available-work destruction mechanisms be removed. EG 2

Available research works show that the effect of T0 d T0 d T0

velocity slip on entropy generation of plane Poiseuille flow (3)

has not been fully addressed. Few investigations on this u 2

subject are [7-9]. Motivated by [8, 9], this article examines T0 K

the entropy generation due to thermal radiation and velocity

du(0) du(0)

slip on MHD Poiseuille flow through porous medium. u (0) 1 , u ( h) 2 ;

Numerous semi-analytical methods for solving d d

boundary value problems are found in literature, most of

these techniques have difficulties in relation to the size of

T (0) T0 , T (h) Th (4)

computational work and convergence. However the The Roseland approximation term for optimally thick fluid

technique of Adomian Decomposition Method (ADM) [10-, is written as

12] applied in this article is easy to apply with high accuracy 4 c dT 4

and rapid convergence. qr (5)

3k c d 4

The temperature term (T ) in equation (5) can be

4

et al. [13], then the expansion in Taylor series about T0

Manuscript received February, 13, 2017; revised March 10, 2017. This

work was supported by the Centre for Research and Innovation, Covenant gives

T 4 T 4 4T03 T T0 6T02 T T0

University, Ota, Nigeria. 2

A. A. Opanuga, H.I. Okagbue, and O.O. Agboola are with the Department

of Mathematics,Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria.(e-mail: 3 4 (6)

abiodun.opanuga@covenantuniversity.edu.ng,

hilary.okagbue@covenantuniversity.edu.ng,

ola.agboola@covenantuniversity.edu.ng).

ISSN: 2078-0958 (Print); ISSN: 2078-0966 (Online)

Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2017 Vol I

WCE 2017, July 5-7, 2017, London, U.K.

Using equations (5) and (6) in equation (2) and neglecting The Bejan number assumes values between 0 and 1.

higher order terms, we obtain Be 0 for VDI , Be 1 for HTI and Be 0.5 is

2 when both VDI and HTI contribute equally to entropy

d 2T du B02u2 u2

k generation. Then setting

d 2 d K N1 1 N

(7) Be , 2 (14)

16 cT03d 2T Ns 1 N1

3k c d 2 where

4 d

2

The dimensionless expressions for the present problem are: N1 1 R 2 ,

u T T0 h 2 dp 3 d

,u , ,A ,

h U T f T0 dx Br du

2

N2 H 2u 2 2u 2 (15)

v c p U 2 2

T h EG d

Pr , Br , Ns 0

,

k k (T f T0 ) k (T f T0 ) 2

(8)

kT f T0 B02 h 2 4 cT03

,H2 ,R ,

T0 kk c IV. RESULTS AND DISCUSION

h 2

In this article, the effect of Navier slip and thermal

, 1 1 , 2 2 radiation are investigated on the entropy generation of MHD

K h h Poiseuille flow through porous medium. The effects of some

Applying the above dimensionless variables in equations

parameters on fluid velocity, temperature, entropy

(1, 3, 4, 7) yields

generation and Bejan number are presented in this section.

d 2u Figs. 1 and 2 depict the effect of slip parameters on

H 2u 2u A 0 (9)

d 2 fluid velocity. It is observed from Fig. 1 that fluid velocity

increases with increase in lower wall slip parameter while

2

4 d du

2

the situation is reversed with upper wall slip parameter in

1 R 2 BrH u

2 2

Fig. 2. In Fig. 3, we present the effect of radiation parameter

3 d d (10)

on the temperature. It is obvious that fluid temperature is

Br u 0

2 2 lowered with increased values of radiation parameter. This is

caused by the absorption of heat emitted by the absorptivity

du 2 parameter. Figs. 4 and 5 reveal that fluid temperature is

4 d Br

2

Ns 1 R 2 d (12) enhanced by increase in slip parameter.

3 d

2 2

Furthermore, Figs. 6 and 7 depict that entropy

H u u

2 2

generation is retarded at the lower wall while it is enhanced

at the upper wall. Also, Fig. 8 is the plot of thermal radiation

du (0) du (0)

u (0) 1 , u (1) 2 ; effect on entropy generation. The Figure shows that entropy

d d (13) generation is significantly increased with increase in

radiation parameter (R).

(0) 0, (1) 1 Finally, Figs. 9 and 10 show similar results. In the plots

Solving equations (9-10) by ADM yields the solution of the the Bejan number increases at the lower wall while there a

boundary value problems. reduction in the middle and upper walls of the channel. This

is an indication that heat transfer irreversibility dominates

III. ENTROPY GENERATION entropy generation at the lower wall while viscous

The dimensionless entropy generation expression in dissipation irreversibility is the major contributor to

equation (11) provides four sources of irreversibility, that is irreversibility at the upper wall. In Fig. 11 a rise in thermal

equation (11) is of the form; radiation parameter leads to an increase in Bejan number

across the channel. This shows that heat transfer

4 d

2

HTI TRI 1 R 2 heat transfer and thermal irreversibility is the dominant contributor to entropy

3 d generation.

radiation irreversibility;

2

Br du

VDI viscous dissipation irreversibility;

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

d The authors sincerely appreciate Covenant University for the

2 2 financial support, and the constructive comments of the

BrH u

MFI magnetic field irreversibility and reviewers.

Br 2u 2

PI porosity irreversibility.

ISSN: 2078-0958 (Print); ISSN: 2078-0966 (Online)

Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2017 Vol I

WCE 2017, July 5-7, 2017, London, U.K.

Fig 5: Temperature versus upper wall slip parameter

parameter

Fig 8: Entropy generation versus Thermal radiation

parameter

ISSN: 2078-0958 (Print); ISSN: 2078-0966 (Online)

Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2017 Vol I

WCE 2017, July 5-7, 2017, London, U.K.

Entropy generation analysis for a reactive couple stress fluid

flow through a channel saturated with porous material,

Energy, 93(2015): 1239-1245

[5] S. O. Adesanya, Second law analysis for third-grade fluid

with variable properties, Journal of Thermodynamics Volume

2014 (2014), 8pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/452168

[6] A. Arikoglu, I. Ozkol and G. Komurgoz, effect of slip on

entropy generation in a single rotating disk in MHD flow,

Applied Energy 85 (2008): 1225–1236

[7] T. Hayat, S. Hina and N. Ali, Simultaneous effects of slip and

heat transfer on the peristaltic flow, Commun Nonlinear Sci

Numer Simulat 15 (2010):1526–1537

[8] S.O. Adesanya and O. D. Makinde, Entropy generation in

couple stress fluid flow through porous channel with fluid

slippage, International Journal of Exergy, 15(3)(2014):344 –

362.

Fig 9: Bejan number versus lower wall parameter [9] A.S. Eegunjobi and O.D. Makinde , Effects of Navier slip on

entropy generation in a porous channel with suction/injection,

Journal of Thermal Science and Technology, 7(4)(2012): 522-

535

[10] A.A. Opanuga, O.O. Agboola and H.I. Okagbue,

“Approximate solution of multipoint boundary value

problems”, Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol.

10, no 4, pp. 85-89, 2015.

[11] A.A. Opanuga, O.O. Agboola , H.I. Okagbue and J.G.

Oghonyon (2015a), “Solution of differential equations by

three semi-analytical techniques”, International Journal of

Applied Engineering Research, vol. 10, no 18, pp. 39168-

39174, 2015.

[12] A.A. Opanuga, H.I. Okagbue, E.A. Owoloko, and O.O.

Agboola,“Modified Adomian decomposition method for

thirteenth order boundary value problems”, Gazi University

Journal of Science, (in press)

[13] A. Raptis, Perdikis, H.S. Takhar, “Effect of thermal radiation

Fig 10: Bejan number versus upper wall parameter on MHD flow”, Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol.

153: pp. 645–649

u axial velocity

dynamic viscosity

p fluid pressure

h channel width

fluid density

T fluid temperature

T0 initial fluid temperature

Tf final fluid temperature

k thermal conductivity of the fluid

Fig 11: Bejan number versus thermal radiation parameter cp specific heat at constant pressure

electrical conductivity of the fluid Navier slip

coefficients

B0 uniform transverse magnetic field

REFERENCES

[1] S.O. Adesanya and O. D. Makinde, Effects of couple stress on qr radiative heat flux

entropy generation rate in a porous channel with convective u dimensionless velocity

heating, Comp. Appl. Math.,34(2015):293–307 dimensionless temperature

[2] A.O. Ajibade, B.K. Jha and A. Omame, Entropy generation

under the effect of suction/injection, Applied Mathematical Pr Prandtl number

Modelling, 35(2011):4630-4646 Br Brinkman number

[3] A.A. Opanuga, J.A. Gbadeyan, S.A. Iyase and H.I. Okagbue, parameter that measures the temperature

Effect of Thermal Radiation on the Entropy Generation of difference between the two heat reservoirs

Hydromagnetic Flow Through Porous Channel, The Pacific

Journal of Science and Technology, 17( 2)(2016):59-68 b empirical constant in the second order (porous

inertia resistance)

ISSN: 2078-0958 (Print); ISSN: 2078-0966 (Online)

Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2017 Vol I

WCE 2017, July 5-7, 2017, London, U.K.

Be Bejan number

A axial pressure gradient

R thermal radiation parameter

K porous media permeability

1,2 Navier slip parameters respectively

porous media shape parameter

EG local volumetric entropy generation rate

Ns dimensionless entropy generation rate

is the kinematic viscosity

c Stefan-Boltzman constant

kc mean absorption coefficient for thermal radiation.

ISSN: 2078-0958 (Print); ISSN: 2078-0966 (Online)

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